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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 21, 1914)
VOL. I.IV.- NO. 1C,871.
PORTLAND, OREGON, MONDAY, DECE3IBER 31, 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
GERMANS ON SHORE
M BY FLEET
Violent Battle Is Rag
ing on Yser. ,
ALLIES SEIZE FOE'S TRENCHES
Gains Made From Sea to Lys,
Says Paris Report.
ADDED STRENGTH SHELLED
Superiority of French Artillery Is
Shown by Interruption of Ene
my's Fire, Declares Offi
LONDOX, Dee. 21. A dispatch to the
Kichange 'Telegraph Company from Am
sterdam nay at
"The German have evacuated Dlx
miide, bat the report that the atlli
hare taken MIddelkerfce ia untrue."
AMSTERDAM, via London. Dec. 20.
The Sluls. Netherlands, correspondent
of the Telegraaf sends the following:
"A dispatch says that violent fight
ing occurred on the Yser. The fleet's
guns are playing havoc in the German
ranks. Trains filled with wounded are
entering Bruges. Most of these trains
Slight Galna Reported.
"The allies have not occupied Roul
ers, but the. fighting is raging be
tween there and Ypres and Dixmude."
PARIS. Dec. 20. The following of
ficial communication was given out in
"From the sea to the Lys we have
gained a little ground before Nieuport
and St. Georges.
"To the east and south of Ypres.
where the enemy reinforced his organ
izations, defensive artillery battles oc
curred and there was slight progress
on our part.'
German Trenches Seised.
"From the Lys to the Oise the allied
forces have seized a portion of the Ger
man trenches of the first line on the
front running through Richebourg.
L' Avenue and Glvenchy 'Lez-La Bassee.
"To the southeast of Albert the
trench captured by us on the 17th near
Maricourt and lost on the 18th. was
"In the region of Lihons the Germans
made two violent attacks for the pur
pose of retaking the trenches won by
us on the 18th. They were, repulsed.
"From the Oise to the Argonne the
superiority of our artillery continued
to be manifested by the interruption
of the enemy's fire, the destruction of
machine gun shelters and observator
ies, and the dispersion of a consider
able number of troops.
Allies Ikennlae Attack.
"In the Argonne, the forest of La
Grurie, we have repulsed three attacks,
two on Fontaine Madame, and one at
"Between, the Argonne and the Vos
ges there has been no salient incident
The official communication issued
tonight says: .
"There is no modification to report
along any of the front."
ALLIES' LOSS HEAVY, SAYS FOE
Germans Say Attacks on Them
Cease After Failure.
BERLIN", by wireless to London, Dec.
20. Army headquarters today gave out
an official communication as follows:
"On the west front the enemy has
ceased his unsuccessful attacks on us
In the vicinity of Nieuport and Bix
choote. The attacks near La Bassee,
which were made by the French and
English, were beaten oil with heavy
loss to the enemy. Two hundred colored
and English prisoner were captured.
Six hundred bodies of English soldiers
(Concluded on Page 3.)
LUMBERING IS OREGON'S
In Oregon there are 400 active
sawmills, employing 18,000 per
sons, with an annual payroll of
$12,000,000. Of the 28,000
wage-earners in the state, 64
per cent are engaged in the
lumber industry. The capital
invested in the industry in Ore
gon is $35,000,000 and the mills
are producing each year 2,000,
000,000 feet of lumber, valued
at about $30,000,000. The stand
ing timber of the state, if man
ufactured into lumber and
shipped in carloads of 10,000
feet each, would fill 37,500,000
cars. Coupled together they
would make a train 284,000
miles long. '
Nearly two-thirds of the per
sons employed in the state' are
vitally affected by the industry.
A great proportion of the state's
business is entirely dependent
upon the industry. A feature
of The Annual Oregonian will
be an interesting discussion of
this important subject by one
of Oregon's most progressive
JUPITER AND MOON
SEEN IN NEAR-HUG
FLIBTATIOX IX HEAVEN'S IS
TALK OF EXTIllE TOWN.
One or T'other Shies Over Embrace
In Public and Rain Planet Sneaks
Away to lletnrn Again Today.
Portland witnessed a sensational ce
lestial flirtation last night.
The planet Jupiter was paying
marked attention to our own Lady
Moon, as she sailed her silver sickle
serenely across the clear southwestern
M. C. Dickinson saw it first, at about
6 o'clock, and called everyone in the
Hotel Oregon lobby out to share the
striking spectacle. After that The Ore
gonian was deluged with telephone
calls directing attention to the phe
nomenon and inquiring as to its mean
ing, particularly in relation to the
In the early evening Jupiter, moving
toward the moon, seemed about to be
embraced. But either she was such a
young racon and shied, or the usually
dignified old planet became conscious
of the attention he was attracting and
altered his course
Anyway, they didn't collide.
Instead, Jupiter moved majestically
above the moon.
For a time their positions, as star
and crescent, made the national symbol
H. H. Parker, an amateur, astronomer
who lives at 374 East Fifty-first street,
identified Jupiter as the sidereal Lo
thario who was bestowing his ardent
admiration on the bashful Luna.
Star-gazers say the crescent-and-star
combination will be more nearly perfect
COURT SCORES ACQUITTAL
"Murder Is Murder," Says Judge in
POUGHKEEFSIE, N. Y.. Dec 20.
Supreme Court Justice Morschauser,
who presided at the trial of William V.
Cleary at New City, N. Y.. said in a.
statement today that the verdict of ac
quittal rendered' by the Jury did not
accord with his views of .the case.
"Murder is murder, call it by what
ever name you will," is the belief ot
"I believe sympathy has played a,
great part in the case," he said.
POLISH LEGION TO AID CZAR
Contingent of 400 0. Will Be Ready
or Front in Six Weeks. "
WARSAW, Russian Poland, via Pe-
trograd and London, Dec 20. By au
thority of Grand Duke Nicholas a
Polish legion has been organized. The
Russian army contains many Polish
volunteers, but the legion 'will be the
first Polish contingent flying a dis
tinctive flag to be accepted.
Four thousand Poles are now enrolled
in the legion and will be able to go to
the front in six weeks. "
WOMAN HURT; BABE SAVED
Mrs. J. B. Markham Falls on Stairs,
but Tot Is Protected.
VANCOUVER, Wash., Dec 20. (Spe-
cial.) Although Mrs. J. B.: Markham
was knocked unconscious " and her
shoulder broken when she fell down
stairs today, the 18-months-old babe
and a cut glass pitcher that she cairicd
Mrs. Markham slipped on the land
ing and fell the entire flight. She
was hurt seriously but physicians bay
that she will recover.
GERMANY INTERNS FRENCH
Males Between 16 and 60 to Be
Held in Camp Near Holseminden.
BERLIN, via London, Dec. 20. Fol
lowing the enforcement of a similar
measure against Englishmen, the Ger
man government will intern all French
males between the ages ,o 16 and 60
who are residing in Germany.
They will be taken . to a camp near
RUSSIAN PLOTTERS TO DIE
Many Men and Women Revolution
ists Arrested, Says Berlin.
BERLIN, by wireless to Sayvllle,
N. Y., Dec. 20. The St. Petersburg
(Petrograd) police have arrested a
great number of men and women on
account of a revolutionary plot.
A court-martial at Perm, East Rus
sia, has sentenced 22 men to death on
account of strike riots.
ALLIES' YSER LOSS 215,000
Cost to British 80,000, Belgians
60,000, French 75,000, Says Foe,
BERLIN, via The Hague and London,
Dec 20. The Neusten Nachrlchten
prints a Brussels dispatch estimating
the losses of the allies in the Yser cam
paign at 215,000 up to December 12.
This total is made up of 60,000 Bel
gians, 80,000 British and 75,000 French.
KAISER IS AGAIN AT FRONT
German Emperor Is Completely Re
covered, Amsterdam Hears.
LONDON. Dec 21. A dispatch to
Reuters' Telegram Company from Am
"The German Emperor has complete
ly recovered and has returned to the
front, according to an announcement
from the Berlin main headquarters."
AS SEAFIGHT RAGES
Britons Reserve Fire
in Falkland Battle.
GERMANS REFUSE SURRENDER
Gneisenau, Out of Ammuni
tion, Goes Down Defying.
MANY OF CREW RESCUED
Scharnborst Ablaze as She Sinks
With All Hands, Including Ad- ,
mirai von Spee; Slurdee Enter
tained at Montevideo.
MONTEVIDEO, Dec. 20. Details of
the recent naval battle oil the Falkland
Islands,7 in which a British - squadron
sank the German cruisers Scharnhorst,
Gneisenau, Leipzig and Nurnberg, be
came known here today when Admiral
Sturgee, the British commander, and
bis staff came ashore to attend a re
ception given by the Belgian and
The naval officers were warmly re
ceived. Invincible S track 20 Time.
It is said that the cruiser Invincible,
which led in the attack on the Scharn
horst, Admiral von Spee's flagship, and
after that vessel had been sunk was in
at the death of the Gneisenau, was
struck 20. times by projectiles, but sus
tained no serious damage. The ves
sel's casualties were light, considering
the number of tithes she was hit. only
14 members of her crew having been
When the battle began and while the
Germans were firing at long range, it
is said,, the British commanders re
served their fire and permitted their
men to have breakfast before answer
ing the attack.
Little Signalling; Required.
When theBrltishers did come into
action, however, little signalling was
done, as - each' vessel's tumin?.nder al
ready knew what his task was to be.
When the Gneisenau sank she 'was
without ammunition, but had refused to
surrender. Her officers and men stood
on the deck singing patriotic songs as
she took her plunge beneath the waves.
A large number of her crew, including
several officers, were rescued. Some
of these men died later from wounds
or from shock sustained by submersion
in the cold water.
Scharnhorst Goea Down Ablase.
The Scharnhorst was ablaze when she
sank with all hands, Including Admiral
von Spee. Two sons of the Admiral,
one aboard the Gneisenau and one
aboard the Leipzig, were lost.
The commander of the British flag
ship was slightly hurt on the foot by
(Concluded on Page 8.)
i. ' I
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 40
degrees; minimum, 22 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair: easterly winds.
British sailors breakfast while reserving fire
In sea battle off Falkland IslanJa,
Germans In Belgium mowed down by allies'
warships. Page 1.
James O'Donnell Bennett sees battle from
top of tree. Page
Italians bitter in anti-Austrian demonstra
tions. Page 2.
Lord of Admiralty says German raid proves
enemy's hatred has passed frontier of
reason. Page 2. 1
Russian General says situation is satisfac
tory. Page 2.
allies find Germans stronger and better en-
troncned than two months ago. page o.
General Scott arrives In Kaco. Ariz., pre
pared to hold peace conference with war
ring Mexicans. Page 5.
Bryan-ILitchcock feud breaks out . anew.
Buddy Ryan will be lost to Bearers in trade.
Welsh -Mc Far land bout expected to be big
drawing card. Page 8.
Clyde Rupert cbosen captain of Multnomah
Club team for 1915. Page 8.
Baseball Fraternity submits proposed rule
changes. Page 8.
e Portland and Vicinity.
Fire destroys nine buildings In business dis
trict of Gresham. Page 1.
Easterner astounded by popularity of skating
in Portland. Page 12.
Portland, tired by Christmas spirit, donates
generously to charity.- Page 9.
Puget Sound company invades Port of Port
land province again. Page 10.
Rev. Luther R. Dyott preaches in behalf ot
spiritual Christmas. Page 9.
Death of Mrs. Mary Wicklund. from grief,
halts funeral of her husband. Page 7.
New plays, at moving-picture theaters are
bright. xPage 12. -
Theatrical Mechanics Association holds me
morial services at Baker Theater. Page 9.
Winter to appear officially tomorrow morn
ing at 10:35 o'clock. Page 1.
Play with high moral Is holiday offering at
Baker Theater. Page 12.
Flirtation of the moon and Jupiter Is the
talk of the town. Page 1.
L. J. Simpson, of North Bend, wants to go
to Congress. Page 4.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 10.
DEMAND IS NIADE BY ITALY
Explanation ' ot Threatening Ara
bians Is Wanted ot Turkey.
PETROGRAD, via London, Dec. 21.
According to an Odessa dispatch to the
Bourse Gazette, the Italian Ambassa
dor at Constantinople has been in
structed to demand explanations of the
threatening attitude of 4000 Arabs un
der Turkish and German officers
towards Tripoli. -
It is reported that the Ambassador
threatens a rupture of diplomatic re
lations unless a satisfactory answer is
made within a certain time limit.
KAISER -REPORTS VICTORY
Lod Alone Is Entitled to Honors in
East, Says Emperor William.
KARLSRUHE, via Berlin, to London.
Dec. 20. Grand Duchess Louise of
Baden has received the following tele
gram from Emperor William:
"Field Marshal von Hindenburg has
just reported that the Russian army,
after desperate fighting, retreats and
is being pursued along the entire
"It is evident that the Lord aided
our heroic troops. To Him alone is due
Emperor 'William thanked in a tele
gram the Fourteenth army corps, which
participated prominently in the fight
ing on the Russian center.
NEVER DOES COME TO OUR HOUSE.
FIRE DESTROYS 9
Business Places Razed
in. Early Morn Blaze.
DAMAGE ESTIMATE l?$45,000
Merchant Is Rescued From
Flames; Wires Shock Many.
ONE IS LONG UNCONSCIOUS
Portland Sends Apparatus to Neigh
bor Town and Threatened De
struction of Larger Area
Is Finally Prevented.
Losses aggregating probably $45,000
were caused at Gresham, 12 miles east
of Portland, by Are early yesterday
morning, when nine buildings in the
business district on Main, between First
and Second streets, were destroyed with
the contents, covering half a block on
each side of the street.
The fire started at 3 o'clock in the
store of the Bartelt Mercantile Com
pany. The origin has not been deter
mined. The stocks carried In all the
business places burned were wiped out
Mr. Bartelt. who was sleeping on the
second floor of the store, barely escaped
suffocation. He was rescued by Fleet
Fox. a business man, who reached him
with a ladder.
Live WIrea Fell Many Persons.
T. R. Howltt was rendered uncon
scious by coming In contact with a live
wire that had been burned in two by
the flames. He was revived several
hours later. Harold Kern and a fire
man also were severely shocked by
wires, and several others were shaken
from a similar cause. The fallen strands
charged the water from the hose lines
with electricity, and added to the diffi
culties of the firemen.
A. E. Lindsey. a merchant, sleeping
across the street from where the fire
started, jran .two blocks, . barefoot; and
in his night, clothes, to turn in an
alarm. The flight was made over
Blase Jumps Street.
The fire spread from the east side to
the west side of Main street, after two
buildings had been doomed, and was
soon beyond control of the Gresham
department An appeal was sent to
Portland, and 19 minutes later a com
bination chemical-hose truck from East
Thirty-fifth and East Belmont streets
was on the scene.
The fire raged for more than two
hours, and for a time' threatened a
larger area of the business district It
was gotten under control shortly after
6 o'clock, but smouldered several hours
Ico hampered the efforts of the flre-
( Concluded on Pago 4.)
Sunday's War Moves
FIELD MARSHAL VON HINDEN
BURG'S array, which is advancing
on Warsaw over a wide front between
the Vistula and the Pilica rivers and
which on Friday occupied Lowicz,
reached on Saturday the new Russian
positions along the River Bzura and
southward to Rawa, with j the result
that another btg'battle is in progress.
The Russians retired across the
Bzura River, destroying the bridges be
hind them, and two German detach
ments which followed over a partly
burned bridge were attacked and are
said to have been annihilated, 50 sur
vivors being taken prisoners.
This is only the beginning of the
great battle for Warsaw, from which
the Germans now are only 30 miles or
less. Field Marshal von Hindenburg.
however, expects stern resistance,
which the strongly reinforced Russian
army is certain to offer to his further
advance, protected by the Vistula River,
which the Germans have been unable to
The Russians are continuing their op
erations against East Prussia, and by
these counter-attacks are attempting to
throw off the Austro-German attacks
in Gallcla. An Austrian sortie in force
from Przemysl, according to the Rus
sian official statement, has entirely
failed, and there, as well as at other
points, prisoners and guns were taken.
The offensive operations of the allies
in the west are being carried out under
conditions of siege warfare and are be
ing stubbornly opposed by the Ger
mans who, in their, entrenchments sur
rounded by wire entanglements, make
an advance of even a few yards a cost
ly matter for the attacking forces.
In Flanders a little ground has been
.gained at considerable cost, despite the
fact that along the coast the allies
have the assistance .of warships, which
continually bombard the German posi
tions. The advance has been more
marked from the Belgian border south
to the River Oise, where the ground is
not as wet as in the flooded regions of
Along the Alsne and in the Cham
pagne district the French artillery,
which now is probably stronger than
the German, has been busy keeping the
Germans on the move, but in the Ar
gonne region it is the Germans who are
on the offensive, and they say they
have made a slight advance.
The general opinion of military men
in London is that some time must
elapse before the allies can expect to
make any great progress. Besides be
ing in fortified positions, which could
be taken only after having been thor
oughly searched out by the artillery,
the Germans still have more machine
guns than the allies, and. as has been
proved in previous battles, these, io
long as they can be successfully oper
ated, make infantry attacks too costly
to be attempted.
The Servian and Montenegrin armies
again have joined hands after the de
feat of the Austrians. who Invaded Ser
via. and now are making their second
advance toward Saraveyo, capital of
The two armies, the supplies -ot which
have been replenished by captures
from the Austrians, have formed a
junction near Vishegrad, which the
Montenegrins have occupied. They ex
pect to be before Saraveyo within three
or four days.
The first Boer rebel to meet the ex
treme penalty was Captain Fourier, an
ex-offlcer in the Union defense force,
who was executed at Pretoria yester
day. This would seem to indicate that
any of the officers of the Union defense
force who joined the rebellion, espe
cially the leaders, will be severely dealt
with, although there la a strong senti
ment in the country for leniency.
The German Emperor, having recov
ered from his recent ' illness, according
to an announcement from headquarters
at Berlin, has returned to the front
The fact that the Emperor had regained
his health was indicated in a previous
dispatch, which said that he had vis
ited the hospital at Potsdam.
From Athens it is reported that the
allied fleet has bombarded the interior
forts of the Dardanelles, but no details
of the bombardment are given.
Prince von Buelow, the former Im
perial German Chancellor and now Am
bassador to Italy, has been received
with great cordiality at Rome by King
FOX TROT STANDARDIZED
Tango and Maxlxe Also to Be Re
duced to Scientific Basis.
PHILADELPHIA. Dec. 20. (Special.)
Twenty of Philadelphia's leading
dancing masters met today and decided
to standardize the fox trot, tango and
ma"xixe, in order to eliminate the con
fusion of steps and styles of dancing
evident at every big dance and balL
Special attention was given the fox
trot and it was scientifically dissected,
analyzed and classified, rigidly into ex
actly ,flve prescribed figures.
The intricacies ef the hesitation, tan
go, maxixe and one-step were also re
duced to scientific formulae. The can
ter waltz, the half and half, the Pav
lova -gavotte and Brazilian :olka re
main to be considered, but the dancing
masters intend to continue the delibera
tions until all these steps have been
thoroughly dlscusssed and standardized.
EXILE AFTER WAR OFFERED
French. Pretender Slakes Proposal
In Order to Be Recruited.
PARIS, Dec. 20. (Special.) The Due
d'Orleans, the pretender, has written a
letter to Premier Vivlani in which he
says that inasmuch as all he allies
have refused his services in the war.
he begs the introduction of a bill Into
the chambers changing the exile law.
The Duke offers to return to exile
after the war if France will permit him
tserve through the campaign.
WINTER IS TQ BEGIN
Advent of Season Due
at 10:35 A.M.
TODAY EVE OF SHORTEST DAY
Avaunt, Summer Underwear;
Hail, Overcoat, Tuesday.
MERCURY IS JUMPING JACK
Sunday Almost Registers Coldest
and Warmest Weather Since Cliill
Set TJpon Portland Two Weeks
Ago Forecast Cheery.
WEATHER COJTDITIOZVS IN THE
THE DALLES Columbia filling
with ice; mercury 3 above.
PENDLETON Four above;
light snow covers ground.
ALBANY Minimum 24 above;
sun melts snow.
EUGENE Sleighing enjoyed
for first time in five years; mini
mum IS above.
ASTORIA Minimum 29; colder
weather predicted; lakes afford
SALEM Sunday warmest day
of cold spell: minimum 28.
LA GRANDK Ten inches of ice
on Grand Ronde River; all trains
WALLA WALLA. Clear skies
indlcato even colder weather;
inch of snow on ground.
SPOKANE. Light enow falls;
Inland Empire temperatures
close to zero.
Brace up, you who think It's cold!
Winter doesn't begin until tomorrow.
This la true in spite ol -the fact that
yesterday afternoon - the thermometer
went up to 40 degrees for the first time
in nearly two weeks, and gave a littlu
evidence that the backbone of the re
cent cold snap finally was broken.
. The real Winter, however, doesn't
begin until 10:35 o'clock A. M. tomor
row, according to the almanacs, the
Weather Bureau and numerous other
sources of information. At 10:35 o'clock
Tuesday morning Summer underwear
will become contraband, absence of an
overcoat a crime and a straw hat prima
facie evidence of insanity.
Tomorrow Shortest Day.
Tomorrow is the day of the Winter
solstice the shortest day in the year.
Officially It marks toe beginning of
Winter. Just why 10:35 A. M. should
be selected for the momentous event
is not quite clear, although meteor
ologists and astronomers aver that they
know. The sun will rise in Oregon at
7:37 and set at 4:.".0 o'clock.
For two weeks Portland residents
have shivered, called Weather Fore
caster Drake on the telephone for their
daily taste of bad news and cursed the
weather prognostlcator, expressing
hope that he would be wrong. Until
yesterday he could promise no relief
from the cold. Last night however,
he said there was a little indication
that the rapid rise of the thermometer
yesterday might mean that the tail-end
of the cold wave had reached Portland.
Cold and Warmth Registered.
Two weeks ago this cold wave ad
vanced from the Pacific Ocean in mass
formation. It registered as low as 21
degrees one morning, when a few
water pipes froze and ice began to form
on lakes near Portland. Last Wednes
day the thermometer recorded 23 de
grees. Yesterday, however, came near regls-
(Conciuded on Page 3)
SHIPPING ABROAD OF ORE
GON PRVXES TANGIBLE EVI
. DE.VCE OF PROGRESS.
The superior quality of the
Willamette Valley prune has
been attested for several years
by the ready welcome the mar
kets of France and England have
given it and now a part carload
of Italian prunes is en route from
Salem to the'palace of King Vic
tor Emmanuel, of Rome.
The shipment, made by the
Willamette Valley Prune Asso
cia through 11. S. Gile &
Company, of Salem, is said to be
the first delivery of evaporated
prunes directly from an Amer
ican agency for the exclusive use
of Italy's King.
While visiting in Europe early
this year, Mr. Gile found that no
foreign fruit was offered in the
open markets of Rome. After
lnvestigatinsr prices he exhibited
samples of the Oregon prune to
the King's steward and a hand
some order resulted. Mr. Gile
says that the Oregon prune can
be laid down in Rome for less
than 8 cents a pound, where the
Italian product retails at from
15 to 17 Ms cents a pound.
Several carloads of Willam
ette Valley prunes have been
shipped each year recently to
France and England and it Is ex
pected, the present shipment to
Italy will widen the market
materially. The Panama Canal
offers additional inducement to
the marketing of the Oregon
product in Europe. The first
Oregon shipment of prunes via
the Canal went forward recently
bound for Liverpool, a market
which finds the Oregon product
necessary in spite of the war.