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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 22, 1914)
VOU MV.- XO. 16,872.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1914
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
HOLD, SAY FRENCH
Kaiser's Men Repulsed
in Four Attacks.
GERMAN TRENCHES ARE TAKEN
Advances of 500 to . 1200
. Yards Are Specified.
ARTILLERY FIRE SILENCED
foiemy Forced Back la Belgium, Be
tween Lys and Aisne; In Cham
, pagne Country and Argonno
' Is Official Declaration.
' PARIS. Dec 21; The following of
ficial communication was Issued by the
War Office tonight:
"The British troops have attacked
and this morning regained most of the
trenches previously lost. Before Ll
hons the enemy delivered four succes
sive attacks for the purpose of recap
turing the trenches, which we had
previously won in that region, but all
of them were repulsed.
' Knemy's Trenches Taken.
"In an attack to the northwest of
Puisalenne, south of Noyon', we have
gained a foothold in the enemy's
trenches of the first line and have
made progress in the wood of Saint
"There has been no other report of
any note on tho operations of the day."
(Jains, although slight, are recorded
In Belgium; between the Lys and the
Aisne; In Vthe Champagne country, and
' in the Argonno. At one point an ad
vance of 1200 yards is recorded and at
another the French made 500 yards. '
Progress has been made between the
Argonne and the Meuse on the right
bank of the Mouse, and on the heights
of the Me use.
Artillery Success Reported.
The. French heavy artillery is de
" acribed as having been successful on
the Aisne, near Rheims and elsewhere.
The text of the afternoon official com
"The day of December 20 brought
... nothing of Importance In Belgium if
exception is made of some progress in
the region of Lombaertzyde and St.
Georges, and at a point to the south
cast of the Inn of Kortaker, which is
southeast of Bixschoote; the occupation
of Bixschoote; the occupation of some
houses in Wartelem. south of Zillebeke,
and the bombardment by the enemy of
the Tpres Hospital.
"Between the Lys and the Aisne we
have occupied a forest near the route
between Noulettee and Souchez, and we
also took possession of all the first
line of German trenche3 between this
highway and the first houses of Notre
Dame de Lorette, southwest of Loos.
"The enemy has bombarded Arras.
"Our heavy artillery silenced on re
peated occasions the artillery of the
enemy to the north of Carnoy, which
is to the east of Albert. This artillery
also demolished the German trenches
and sent head over heels two cannon
of a battery established near Horn.
which is to the southeast of Carnoy.
The heavx-arttllery also scored distinct
advantages on the Alsna and in the
Sector of Rheims.
General Advance Asserted.
"In Champagne, in the region of
Frosnes Perthes and Beausejour. as
well as in the Argonne, we made along
the entire front appreciable advances.
This is particularly ao to the northeast
of Beausejour, where we won and oc
cupied 1200 yards of the enemy's
trenches. In the Forest of La Grurle
we blew up four mined saps, and we
established ourselves In the positions
"Between the Argonne and the Meuse
there has been progress along all the
front, particularly in the region of
Varennes, where the Brook of Cheppes
has been left 600 yards in our rear.
(Concluded on Page 2.)
t PORTLAND'S &CH00L SYS-
j TEM BANKS HIGH.
t Portland's public school sys-
tern ranks with the best in the
United States. The manual
I training department has been"
t i . ii'. iiiiiujy uuna? tne
past few years and the principle
of utilitarianism is developing
along broad lines. So rapid is
the increase in attendance that
a . new school - room is being
added each six days. The enrollment-
in the grades is 24,
585, in the night schools 2860
and in the high schools 4784,
making a total of 32,229. Sixty-
? six school buildings are re-
qnired to house Portland's
school children. There is no
greater factor to attract fami
lies to a city than such a school
system as Portland's. A com
plete story covering the progress
of Portland's public school sys
tem will appear in The Annual
PATROL PLOWS ICY
RIVER TO SAVE BOY
"WTXIiAMETTB FROZEX, HAR
BOR BOAT GETS IX I OB JAM.
Craft Digs Way Through Heaviest
Coating in- 20 to 2 5 Years In
Dash to Oregon Yacht Club.
On a . hurry-up call from Yacht
Siding, near the Oregon Yacht Club,
three and one-half miles up the Wil
lamette River, the Harbor Potrol last
night plowed through Ice from one to
two and a half Inches thick in a spec
tacular dash to save the life of "Wilmer
Stanchfleld, a youth suffering from ap
pendicitis. The ice on the river was the heaviest,
old-timers say, in 20 to 25 years, and
the patrol boat returned to Its berth
badly cut and battered, having essayed
an Ice Jam and broken her way through
several miles of Ice of varying thickness.-
Young Stanchfleld was hurried to
St. Vincent's Hospital, where at mid
night it was believed he had received
attention Just In time. If the patrol
boat had not made ' the trip through
the ice the lad would haxe had to be
carried some two or three miles and
physicians believe he would have died
before he reached transportation to the
Engineer Carl Prehra was in charge
of the harbor patrol boat and took the
deep . water as the" most open route.
Near Ross Island the east channel was
attempted, but the boat ran plump Into
an ice Jam and was extricated only
after considerable maneuvering. The
west channel was then- essayed by
Engineer Prehm and Tacht Siding was
reached. Because of the urgent need
the patrol crunched its way to the
Young Stanchfleld Is the son of A.
W. Stanchfleld. who is a member of
the Oregon Tacht Club. They live in
a houseboat near the club.
Harbormaster Speier ordered the
patrol out in the face of the menacing
ice when he heard the case was so
urgent. ,,. " '
TRIPLE ALLIANCE AWAITED
Russian lress Sure of Scandinavian
Union From Kings Conference. .
' PETROGEAD,. via London, Dec 21.
The Russian press is convinced that the
formation of a Scandinavian triple al
liance may be announced, at any time
now as the result of the conference at
Malmoe, Sweden, last week of Kiug
Haakon. King Gustave and King Chris
tian. --The-newspapers express" fhe' opinion
that such an alliance could not possibly
be a source of danger to Russia, that it
would allay all apprehension concern
ing the possible pro-German sym
pathies of Sweden. ,
NEWSIES OF OLD TRY AGAIN
Business and Professional Men of
Detroit Fight for Choice Corners.
DETROIT, Dec. 21. Business and
professional men all of whom were
once newiboya sold papers on the city
streets today. Nearly $2200 was col
lected and the fund will be devoted
to Christmas charity. More than 70
well-known citizens energetically plied
their trade and ' "fought" for choice
-Papers brought sums ranging from a
widow's mite to checks for $50 and
WILSON PLANS CHRISTMAS
President to Pass Holiday In White
House With Daughters.
WASHINGTON, Dec 21. President
Wilson will pass Christmas quietly
here with his daughters. It will be
the first Christmas day he has cele
brated in the White House. Last year
he was at Pass Christian, Mies.
Mrs. Francis B. Sayro Is expected
here tonight or tomorrow from her
home at Williamstown. Mass., for a
long visit at the White House. r
AVIATORS RAID ZEPPELINS
Allies' Airmen Reach Brussels and
LONDON, Dec. 22. A Dunkirk dis
patch to the Daily Mall says that avt
ators of the allies paid a visit to Brus
sels and dropped bombs on the Zeppe
lin sheds, which were set .on fire.
In a night raid airmen of the allies
flew from Durikirk over the German
coast positions and dropped 12 bombs,
doing considerable damage. They, then
returned in safety. - '
GERMAN CRUISER IS SUNK
Coast of Scotland Rumored Scene of
Latest Xaval Engagement.
LONDON. Dec. 21. 4:45 P. M. Per
sistent rumors are current that a Ger
man cruiser has been sunk off the coast
It is also rumored that two British
destroyers arrived at Lelth, Scotland,
There is no official confirmation of
KAISER HURRIES TO WEST
German Emperor, With Enormous
Suite, Takes Field Again.
LONDON, Dec. 22. The German Em
peror, accompanied by the Imperial
Chancellor. Dr. von Bethmann-Hollweg;
the Ministers of War and Marine and a
numerous suite, has gone to the west
ern front, according to advices to the
Daily, Mall from Copenhagen
SHORTAGE OF SHOT
FORTS' WEAKNESS UNKNOWN
Japanese Fail to Understand
SIEGE'S CASUALTIES FEW
Details Give losses as Follows:
Germans 170, Japanese 1700
and British 60 Killed Garrl- -son
of 4500 Against 23,000.
TSING-TAU, Dec 1. (Correspon
dence of the Associated Press.) Short
age of ammunition was thj compelling
factor In the surrender of Tsing-Tau.
Dominating the ultimate' event. of
course, were always the numerical In
feriority of the garrison in men and
guns, and the strategic weakness of
the fortifications, unknown, to the
Japanese, but the Germans did not
actually hoist the white flag until they
had run out of powder and shot.
Even this dogged and skilfully con
ducted defense fell short of what the
The Japanese seemed to have the
kindliest feeling toward the Germans
personally, but their troops could not
understand why the Germans had sur
rendered before the last man had been
killed, and why Governor Meyer Wal
deck had not committed suicide.
'' Japanese Knew Task Well.
But if they were kindly toward the
Germans individually, the Japanese
well understood what they were fight
ing for nationally. -
"Our men In the trenches knew' their
task," said a. Japanese officer after the
capitulation. """It was a score of 20
years standing Every private knew
that Germany combined with Russia
and France in 1897 to force us to yield
Port Arthur. And then Germany took
Tslng-Tau . for herself. ...With Port
Arthur--it-the hands of China, though
won by assault from Russia at enorm
ous cost to Japan, the possession by
Germany of Tslng-Tau was a standing
insult." . .
Few sieges have resulted In so few
casualltles in proporatlon to the num
bers engaged and the scope of the
operations. The Germans lost 170
killed and between 600 . and' 600
Japan Loses 17O0 British SO.
The Japanese casualties as given by
Lieutenant Kamlo, the Japanese commander-in-chief,
were slightly In ex
cess of 1700 and the British CO.
Against a besieging force of 23.000
Japanese, 1000 South Wales borderers
and 500 Sikhs, assigned purely for
poll Real reasons, was a German gar
rison of 4500.
The defenders had not sufficient
(Concluded on Page 5.)
I ' . ' SPEAKING OF CHRISTMAS. I
TELA A fL bSf- ASxr ivAArrs 1 Mr"' ;
I SOMSTHVG- trjJ . &OY USSV-T z1 4y I
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INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TEETERDAT8 ' Maximum temperature, S3
degrees; minimum, 21. B; cloudy.
TODAT8 Fair, easterly winds.
-. . . War. ...-.
British regain trencher previously lost, says
French official communication. Page I-
Details of fall of Tsing-Tau tell of surren
der, when last shot is fired. Page 1.
Turke meet . defeat. Petrograd reports,
Sweden said to nave been offered Russian
provinces for aid to Germany. Fag 8.
Allies advance by means of sapping. Page 3.
Besieged General at Naco promisee not to
Kivo chase. If Mayiorena will withdraw
army. Page 5.
President Wilson is facing stubborn Senate
over Federal appointments. Page 1.
Supreme Court orders Harry Thaw returned
.to Xew York. Page 8.
Federal decision In Oregon minimum wage
case due soon. Page 6.
Eastern trainmen still talk strike. Pag C
Mike, Dmch seeks tilace as umpire In Xortn
western League. Page 12.
Deal closed for Salt Lake City to get Coast
League franchise. Page 12.
Christy Hathewson may become manager
of New York Yankees. Page 12.
Illinois is likely to legalise boxing. Page 18.
Shortaro of teachers In Oregon predicted by
State Superintendent, Page 6.
Columbia County officials assail report of
expert accountant. . Page 6.
Need of amending compensation act la rec
ognized. Page 1.
Commercial and Marine.
Wheat prices advance 2 cents on Mer
chants Kxchange. Page 17.
PUr run and active demand at Portland
Stockyards.' Page 17.
River traffic . impeded by ice. Page 14.
Portland and Vicinity.
Three highwaymen " captured by police
within hour after robbery of Cedar Mills
grocery. Page .
Sonator Farrell advocates 20 per cent re
duction In salaries of all state and
county-officials. Page 4.
Harbor patrol clows way through, ley Wil
lamette to save boy. Pago 1.
President Farrell. of O.-W. R. & and
Mrs. Farrell promise dally milk donation
to city's poor.. Page 11., .
New action for count in Sheriffs contest
declared necessary. Page 11.
Court holds Wlllard N. Jones can be sued
for $133,000 damages for alleged timber
frauds. Page 7.
No warmer weather yet la predicted. Page 6.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 17.
2 MORE MAY ENTER WAR
Greece and Hou mania Assnred
Against Bnlgars hy Allies.
LONDON, Dec. 21. Following on the
categorical assurances of the Bulgarian
government of Its intention to maintain
strict neutrality in tho war Great
Britain, France and Russia have given
guarantees to both Athens and Bucha
rest that Bulgaria will not. attack
Greece In the event of the latter coun
try assisting Servia and will not at
tack Rq mania should that state active
ly participate' In the war.
This is taken to foreshadow the ap
proaching participation of Roumanla
and Greece. - . .. -
SHIP IN PACIFIC ON ROCKS
Unidentified Steamer in . Distress
200 Allies South of San Diego.
SAN DIEGO. CaL. Dec. 21. The radio
station here received a wireless mes
sage late tonight ' from the Arlzonan.
of the American-Hawaiian line, re
porting that she had sighted a steamer,
name not known, on the rocks at
Cedros Island with searchlights and
anchor lights on and. that the Arizonan
would stand by and lend any assistance
The Sedros Islands . are some 200
in lies-south of here.
WILSON IS FACING
SENATORS NOT CONSULTED
Open Hostility Likely to De
INDEPENDENCE CROPS OUT
First Trouble of Session Arises Over
Nomination Made on Recom
mendation of Secretary Mc
Adoo, President's Son-in-Law.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Dec 2L If President Wilson
persists In making important Federal
appointments without consulting Dem
ocratic Senators from states in which
the appointments' are . made, he -soon
will have serious trouble on his hands.
Already a coolness has grown up be
tween the President and the Senate be
cause of the manner in which patron
age has been dispensed since the elec
tion, and this coolness is likely to de
velop Into open hostility on the part
of the Senate unless the President
changes his ways.
Should the worst happen, the Presi
dent not only will fail to secure the
confirmation of his appointees, but he
will find - his legislative programme
held up by a stubborn Senate.
Election Saves President.
In the last session President Wilson
had several patronage rows with Sen
ators, but he was able to carry his
point then, because the election was
approaching, and the Democrats had
raised the cry, "Stand by the Presi
dent." Now that the election Is over,
and this cry failed to prove all that
was expected of It,' the Senate.'for the
first time since Mr. Wilson entered the
White House, is beginning to show a
little independence and seemingly is
disposed to stand up f of Its rights and
for the. rights of its members.
The first trouble of the session arose
over the nomination of John H. Lynn,
who was nominated for District Attor
ney for Western New York, as it now
turns out, on the recommendation of
Secretary McAdoo. Senator O'Gorman,
the only Democratic Senator from New
Tork, was not consulted about this ap
pointment, although the office was one
commonly regarded) as "Senatorial pat
ronage. At first it was reported this appoint
ment had been made on the recommen
dation of up-state leaders, but that
proved to be Incorrect. When Lynn's
nomination reached the Senate it was
promptly rejected by unanimous vote,
simply and solely because the appoint
ment was objectionable to Senator
O'Gorman, and because the President
had not done the Senator the courtesy
(Concluded on Page 2.)
Monday's War Moves
THE German Emperor, according to
late advices by way of Copen
hagen, has gone to the front In the
western theater of the war, where the
general attempt by the allies to force
the Germans backward has been going
on for several days.
Both German and French official
statements clearly show that oper
ations of great severity are in progress,
but they differ with regard to the re
sults achieved. The French assert they
have advanced all along the line, tell
of the recapture by the British troops
of trenches previously lost and the re
pulse of German attacks aimed at the
retaking of trenches which have fallen
to the allies during the past day or
two. To the south of Noyon, also, the
French assert they have gained a foot
hold In the first line of the German
trenches. No mention Is made by the
French of any repulse of the allied
The German official statement tells
of the dlslodgment in the neighborhood
of the canal of La Bassee of the Anglo-
Indian troops and the capture of their
trenches after Inflicting heavy losses
and taking prisoners. To the north
east of Chalons, in the neighborhood of
Souain, also, the Germans assert they
have repulsed a fierce attack by the
French, who left many prisoners in
their hands and a large number oC
In Poland and Gallcia battles are
fought between the Russians and the
German and Austrian allies amid deep
snow, in bitter cold. In Belgium and
Northern France the Germans and the
French, British and Belgian allies are
contesting the mud fields foot by foot.
The Germans In Poland again are
making a fierce attack toward the
capital and the Russians are making 'a
stand against them on the east bank
of the Bzura River, 30 miles west of
Warsaw. Grand Duke Nicholas" army
here holds a natural strategic line 50
miles long, running, roughly, north
and south along the east banks of the
Bzura and Rawka rivers.
The Petrograd reports assert that the
German force In North Poland has re
treated across the boundary into East
Prussia in a northwesterly direction.
It asserts also that the Austrian ad
vance through ttie Carpathian passes
to the north has been checked and the
attempts of the Przemysl garrison to
break through the lines repulsed. Ac
cording to this report, the Austrlans
nave Deen driven tnto the fortifications
with heavy slaughter.
The Austrian communication, on the
other hand, asserts successes in the
Carpathians, but admits that the- Rus
sians again occupy Galicia and South
Poland In force. Apparently, therefore,
the Cracow and Przemysl investments
are proceeding and ' have not been
Serious fighting between the Rus
sians and Turks around Erzerum,
Turkish-Armenia, has been stopped by
snow six feet deep and the intense cold,
from which tho Arabs are suffering
British ships again have been bom
barding Zeebrugge and Heyst, as well
as the coast beyond Ostend, where the
Germans have established many shore
batteries hidden in the grass and sand
Political developments in -Hungary,
whose people are reported to be deeply
discontented because they think that
Germany and Austria are failing to
give Hungary a fair share of protec
tion, are the subject of much specula
tion and deep interest in England.
The French Parliament will sit in
Paris today. About 200 members are
serving with the colors, but are return
ing from the front to attend the ses
sion. EDITORIAL FELT AS SNUB
Los Angeles Mayor Calls Off Pro
posed Vrisit to San Diego.
LOS ANGELES. Dec 21. (Special.)
Calling the attention of the Mayor of
San Diego to an editorial in a San
Diego publication, reflecting on Los
Angeles, Mayor Rose today sent a let
ter to Mayor Charles O'Neall declining
to visit San Diego on the occasion of
the exposition opening.
The editorial was under the caption,
"Give Her a Hot Stove." It said in
part: "Los Angeles is a cheerful beg
gar. Having been snubbed by the Presi
dent, who will visit San Diego and San
Francisco on his trip to the Coast next
Spring, that city is willing to take any
old thing that may happen along."
LAYOFF BOON TO FORGER
Boise Merchants Swindled by 92500
Bad Railway Checkts.
BOISE, Idaho, Dec. 21. (Special.)
Forged checks amounting to $2500 were
cashed In Boise Saturdav nitrht bv mer-
.ri o n tfl
Several foreigners cashed the checks.
; which were of pink bond paper in per
i feet Imitation of the Intermountain
j Railway Company'schecks.
The checks were stamped with
the same kind of protectograph used
by the railway company. The checks
were Cashed at a time when men em
ployed on the railroad were being let
out on account of bad weather.
BOY SAVED BY COMPANIONS
Human Chain Formed When Lad of
12 Goes Through Ice at Baker.
' BAKER. Or, Dec 21 (Special.)
Little Eddie Perkins, 12 years of age,
owes his life to his plucky comrades
in a shinny game. The youngster was
skating on Powder River today, play
ing shinny, when, in chasing the puck,
he went too near an airhole and fell
into the swift stream. His companions
formed a "human chain" and dragged
Powder River is virtually the only
water not frozen to the bottom in this
Deficit Faced Under
UNFAIR RATES ARE BLAMED
Promised Exemptions- Now
BENEFITS DECLARED HIGH
Framers of 3Icasure- Say Original
Draft Would Have Given Satis
faction if Legislature Had .
Allowed It to Stand.
SALEM, Or., Dec 21. (Special.)
That the workmen's compensation act
must be amended by the next Legis
lature to make it financially sound and
retain it in workable form has been de
cided definitely. Various suggestions
for the Improvement of the law have
been made, and It is known that sev
eral are being put into form for submis
sion to the Legislature. '
Under the present law, judging from
the income and expenditure during the
first six months of operation of the law.
there is little doubt that there would
be a deficit at the end of the first year
which the Legislature would have to
meet with an appropriation. This, IS
Is declared, must . be obviated, and
amendments will be offered looking to
HI nine Placed on Amendments.
At a meeting of Commissioners Bcck
with and Marshall, Miss Hobbs, Commissioner-elect;
with James B. Kerr
and George M. Cornwall, of the com
mittee which drafted the original
measure submitted to- the Legislature,
held In Portland Sunday. Mr. Kerr de
clared that amendments passed by tho
Legislature were largely responsible
for the apparent weakness of the bill.
He said the bill, as originally drafted,
he was confident, would have been sat
isfactory. . ,
It was suggested at the meeting that
benefits were too high under the law.
and that they could be cut 40 per cent
and be no higher than those in Wash
ington and other states. Objection was
made to this on the ground that work
men would reject the measure, and it
was argued that this could bo prevent
ed by making Its provisions com
pulsory, as Is the case In all states hav
ing a lower scale of benefits.
Unfairness In Scale Assorted.
Members of the Commission declare
the trouble' with the measure is that
schedules are not properly arranged
and that rates are unfair with regard
to certain lines of industry. In cer
tain Instances owners of slightly haz
ardous businesses are compelled to pay
higher rates than those of extremely
One feature of the present measure
which promises to fall utterly la that,
providing exemptions for employers.
Under the act each employer pays into
the . Industrial Accident Commission
fund contributions for one year
amounting to S, or 1V4 per cent of hid
payroll, according to class.
The theory of the law, as It was un
derstood when presented to the Leg
islature, was that after the payments
for 6ne year the employer should .be
required to pay only for accidents at
his place of business until a deficiency
in the general fund threatened, when
all contributors Were to resume pay
ments. It has been the belief of em
ployers who are within the provisions
of the act that a general call was a
remote contingency and that the em
ployers could expect to be exempt dur
ing the secondyear at least.
The present outlook, however, is that
there will be no exemptions, but with
employers continuing payments as now
there will be a deficit, because of the
liberal benefits. It is declared that the
number of accidents during the first
six months of the law has exceeded all
expectations. In that .time 1979 claims
were filed. The Commission has set
aside $74,623.73 for pensions; it has
paid for time loss $33,741; first aid,
$25,518.69, and the cost of administra
tion has been $36,103.35. The balanco
is $113,095.93. j
Return to Old Plan Foreseen.
Unless the law is revised by the com
ing Legislature it is declared that em
ployers who expected exemptions after
the first year will reject the measure
and return to the old plan of indemnity
insurance. They say it would be much
cheaper and much more satisfactory
than the state scheme of compensation
which charges continuous high rates.
While members of the . commission
announce they are not ready to say just
what amendments they will submit to
the Legislature It is certain that at
least seven classes of hazardous indus
tries with differential rates will be
suggested., and it is probable that the
Washington plan of basic rates will be
established. Those rates are much
lower than the present Oregon rates
and may be continuous, although pro
vision is made for exemptions when
the fund reaches satisfactory propor
tions. Pension Limit Suggested.
It has been suggested also 'that
limits be fixed by statute to thejamounts
set aside for pensions in cases of fatal
accidents. In other states where there
are compensation laws there are limits.
Under the Oregon law the Commission
i ..... (Concluded oa f. .