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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. L.IV. NO. 16,846.
PORTLAND. OREGON. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 21. 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
NEAR ALLIES' LINE
Germans Continue to
NIEUPORT AGAIN BOMBARDED
iYpres Almost Battered to
Fragments by Shells.
DEFENDERS STILL HOLD
Army In France Obtains Some Rest
and Men in Trendies Are Now
Relieved From Duty at
NORTHERN TRANCE. Nov. 20.
YName of town deleted by censor.) The
main German attacks contlnun directly
east and southeast of Tpres, but there
has been a further fierce bombardment
of Nieuport. An German attacks have
Tailed. That is the most that can be
The allies have held the line for
months and the Germans are no farther
forward while their losses have been
so enormous that in time these must
tell. They continue bringing up rein
forcements and the Kaiser in his gray
motor car with worn, set face and
cloaked in gray like Napoleon. Is con
stantly passing from one German camp
to another, always within 10 miles or
o of the allies' lines, exhorting his
Ypres Almost Demolished.
Tpres has been almost battered to
pieces. Its grand old Flemish halls
have been ruined by incendiary shells.
Its largest houses were demolished by
huge shells weighing more than 2800
pounds, arriving almost vertically at
a speed of 200 yards a second. Half of
a house is seen crashing into ruins
while the remnant is left standing with
a section of every room from garret to
cellar exposed but Intact. The allies
ere still holding Ypres. That is the
main thing; even though Tpres is only
a mass of ruins.
A feat of characteristic French bril
liancy has been reported. A Gaston
captain, whose advancing squadron was
about to drive. If possible., some Ger
man forces from a position inconven
iently commanding the French tranches,
was observed from a German aeroplane.
Which hastened to report the move
ment. Haystack Moves on Horseback.
The captain caused several horses to
lie so loaded up with hay that, grouped
together, they resembled a haystack,
and these were sent forward.
When the Germans saw this monster
emerging through the haze by the Riv
er Tser they were bewildered and fired.
The horses separated and were charged
by German cavalry, who could not be
lieve them riderless. Sabres slashed
, at the haycocks on the horses" backs
and in the tumult the Gaston captain
and his men took his position in the
rear and charged so effectively that
the Germans fled in disorder, aband
oning everything, including guns.
The weather continues rigorous, but
German attacks have abated and in
fact almost ceased north of Ypres.
Half-hearted efforts have been made on
the allies' positions, but they have been
beaten back. The allies' army is get
ting rest from the trenches. Instead of
being thero for days on end, bearing
without murmur all the horrors that
trench work entails, the men are re
lieved at frequent intervals. They are
fed with hot food, their clothes are
tirUd, they have complete rest and a
supervision never before seen in war
fare is being closely exercised over the
health of the men.
Service Corps Works Well.
The army service corps is working
Splendidly, with wonderful organiza
tion for supplying plenty of food, and
altogether the allies' position goes be
yond the official word "favorable."
It is now comfortable. Your cor
respondent has been asked what' Is the
greatest comfort a soldier in the
trenches can have these Winter days
From what he gathered among the men
themselves it is a plentiful supply of
warm, thickly knitted mittens. Gloves
are useless. The soldier cannot im
prison his fingers in them and use his
rifle, and after all it Is the rifle which
stands between the German legions and
a French lance.
FREXCH RAISE GERMAN GUN'S
Invaders' Infantry Inactive and Ar
PARIS. Nov. 20 The French official
communication, issued today,- says that
yesterday there were hardly any in
fantry attacks on the part of the enemy
and that their artillery activity also
was largely reduced. The text of the
"The day of November 19 was
marked by the almost total absence of
Infantry attacks on the part of the
enemy; at the same time their artil
lery fire was much less violent than
on the afternoon of November 18.
"To the north the weather has been
very bad, and snow has fallen. All
the region of the Tser Canal, to the
oast of Dixmude, is invaded by the
"In front of Ramscappele we have
withdrawn from the water two 16.5
centimeter mortars abandoned by the
Germans. There has been a heavy,
Concluded on Face 4.)
PETROCRAD, via London. Nov. 21.
"la the Valley of the Olti-Tohai the
Turks kave been throws back towards
Bar. - In the direction of Eritmm one
of our columns baa overthrows, the
Turks near Yaaveren. No other encase
ments have beea reported."
LODN Nov. 21. The Morning
Post's Rome correspondent says the
Austrian Lloyd steamer Hetlcovich has
struck a mine off the Dalmatian coast
LONDON, Nov. 21. The Central News
correspondent at Constantinople has
sent tie following; dispatch, by wny of
Amsterdam t "The civil authorities of
Sues. Port Said and Ismallla, at the
south, north and center, respectively.
of the Sues Canal, have left for Zaga-
slg, 75 miles west of the canal, owing
te the advance of Bedouins and Arabs."
WASHINGTON, Nov. 20. Foreign Of
fice dispatches to -the French Embassy
here today mentioned the success of
he French In repulsing the German ut-
tack In the Argonnes, as related in the
communication of the War Office, and
announced the destruction of Gernrt
earthworks and supply trains la the
vicinity of Rhelms.
BERLIN. Nov. SO, by wireless to Say
vtlle. Dispatches from Rome say that
there la a serious agitation among the
Sudanese norklas people of Alexandria
in consequence of the manifesto of the
Calif decreeing a holy war.
BERLIN, Nov. 20, by wireless. Infor
mation from Durban, South Africa, la
to the effect that 3000 Boers have gath
ered near Bloemfonteln and that an at
tack on the town Is feared. The garri
son there numbers only 5O0. j
BERLIN, Nov. 20. The Popolo Ro
mano and the Preparaslone. Rome
newspnpers. say that further resistance
on the part of the Servians Is impos
sible. BERLIN, Nov. 20. via wireless to Say
vtlle Advices from Rome are to the
effect that In the fighting at El Arlah,
a fortified Egyptian town on the Medi
terranean, the British suffered heavy
losses. The Italian colony la Egypt Is
suffering from the prostration of all
lines of trade.
OTTAWA, Ost, Nov. 20. Action has
been taken by tbe government to stop
the entry into Canada of pro-German
newspapers published In New York.
Three papers so far are In prohibited
lists. By order In council. It baa been
made a criminal offense to circulate
these papers in Canada or to have them
In one's possession.
FETROGRAD, via London, Nov. 21.
A dispatch from Warsaw to the Rnssky
Slovo aays the German Generals, Voa
Bredow and. Von Dromel. committed i
suicide at Caenstchowa, Russian Poland, ;
after a German defeat.
' LONDON, Nov. 20. Great Britain to
day prohibited the exportation of tea
to all Continents! ports except those of
the countries of the allies and of Spain
and of PortngaL This prohibition Is
due to Indications that Germany Is re
ceiving large supplies of tea through
LONDON, Nov. 20. Casualty lists Is
sued tonight show eight officers killed,
44 wounded and six missing. In tbe
Indian force two British officers and
one native officer were killed, and seven
British and 10 native officers wounded.
Three British and two native o Ulcere
are recorded as missing.
BERLIN, Nov. 20. (By Wireless to
Sayvlllc) -Constantinople reports fur
ther victories near Aaow, Salmas and
Zavatlar. It la also said that In conse
quence of the advance of the Arabs,
several of the governmental depart-1
ments of Port Said, Sues and Ismallla
have been transferred to Zagasig, an
Egyptian town 40 miles from Cairo.
The government of the Sura Canal Is
reported to have been taken over by
the military authorities.
BERLIN, Nov. SO (By wireless to
Sayville.) . Reports received today from
Holland, according to Information giv
en out In official circles here, are to
the effect ' that in the fighting near
Blxschoote and Dixmude the French
lost 20,000 men and that 1SOO British
were drowned In the Yser canal.
DIVA SOOTHES WOUNDED
Calve Sings Lullabys to Convales
cents, War Songs to Well.
NEW YORK, Nov. 20. Emma Calve,
the opera singer, is serving with the
Red Cross in France and soothing the
wounded with Bongs. She made this
known in a letter written to a friend
in this city, it was learned today.
"My sister-in-law and myself are
both in the Red Cross, taking care of
the wounded in the hospitals of Tou
lon," wrote Mme. Calve. "I sing lulla
bys to the wounded and lull them to
sleep when they are getting better and
war songs for those who, after the
healing of their wounds, are going
back to defend poor France."
Mme. Calve wrote that she had given
up a concert tour in California to per
form this service for the Red Cross
and her country.
DECORATION KAISER'S JOY
Giving; of Cross by Duke of Olden
burg Acknowledged by Own Hand.
AMSTERDAM, Nov. 20. (Special.)
The Kaiser has written with his own
hand to Grand Duke of Oldenburg the
"Most Illustrious Prince and Dear
Cousin and Brother Tour royal high
ness has greatly 'rejoiced me In my
conferment of Frederick Augustus
cross. I thank you most heartily for
this war distinction. I shall wear it in
honor of brave Oldentiurgers, who on
every occasion have performed excel
lently. "I remain with sentiments of un
alterable esteem and friendship foryour
royal highness, your friendly disposed
cousin and brother, WILHELM,
. "Headquarters, November 18."
IN RUSSIAN POLAND
THREE BATTLES IN PROGRESS
Invaders Meet Strong Resist
ance in East Prussia.
BOTH SIDES CLAIM GAINS
Four Towns and Przemysl Trenches
Taken by Czar's Forces in Galick
and TVo Are Captured
by Austrian Troops.
LONDON, Nov. 21. "The German at
tempts . to break through the Russian
armies in Poland have sustained a se
vere check which, according to present
indications, is likely to have decisive
consequences for the enemy," says a
dispatch from the Fetrograd corre
spondent of the Times. The message
"The official report of the capture of
a battery northwest of Lodz is ex
tremely significant, suggesting the
probability of a successful Russian
flanking movement from the direction
of Piotrkow. News was received last
night of the arrival of large Russian
reinforcements, which probably would
account for the reverses the Germans
Cavalry in Cross-Flre.
Telegraphing from Petrograd the cor
respondent of the Daily News says:
"The Germans have been forced to
act on the defensive In the battle on
the Vistula and Warthe Rivers in Po
land. Their effort to pierce the Rus
sian line north of Kutn resulted in one
of their cavalry divisions getting into
a cross-fire of the Russian Infantry
with machine guns.
"More than 3000 were left dead on the
field and the German advance-guard
fell back on the main body, which, is
now spreading in defensive positions."
Three Battles In .Progress.
Three terrific battles are in progress
between the armies of Russia and the
Austro-German allies. '
Poland Is the scene of two of the con
tests in the East, and the third is be
ing fought in East Prussia. The com
bat In the country between the Vistula
and Warthe Rivers Is attracting the
most attention. It Is believed the Ger
mans have massed there at least 600.
000 men, in an endeavor to break the
The location of the battlefield and
other conditions favor a decisive con
flict. In this battle the Russians claim
to have achieved pp-rtlal success.
The second battle in Poland is being
fought on the Cracow-Czenstchowa
Concluded on Page 3.1
i ( sff-Tj JjJ J
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature.
o.s aegrees; minimum. 2 degrees.
TODAY'S Rain; southeasterly wind'.
French Captain describes enormous slaugh
ter on battlefields tin Meuse. Fags 1
Japan enlarging army und navy programme.
German Admiral gives views of naval pro
gramme. Page 2.
Washington still without details of firing
on launch in Turkish waters. Page 2.
Goeben on way to bombard Czar's Summer
home when engaged In batUe. Pas) 'i.
Britain insists on embargo on AvstraUan
wool. Page 8.
Kaiser near allies' line, supervising battls
and unelns army on. Page 1.
Eastern railways to transport Belgian relief
suDplles free. Page 2.
German reverses In Poland reported from
Petrograd. Page 1.
European nations ask United States what is
Its nlan to protect foreigners In Vera
Crux. Pago 1.
Columbia University tramples over Lin
coln High team for 24-to-6 victory.
Oregon intercollegiate football season closes
with championship game today. Page 10.
Multnomah takes both events at lnterclub
meet. Page 10.
Hoptroweri to have three protective organi
zations In Northwest. Page 3.
Ridrefleld farmer killed by assassin, who
shoots through window; wife also wound
ed. Pane 4.
Commercial and Marine.
Northwestern hop market most active of
season, rage id.
Lessening of export buying weakens wheat
. at Chicago. Page 15.
More money deposited by Europeans for
purchase of war supplies. Page 15.
Oregon committee unable to charter Belgian
ciicL snip. - fajre 14.
Portland and Vicinity.
Bond Issue of S1.000.0OO to pave Columbia
Highway may be recommended. Pags 14.
Slayer of Emma Ulrlch will be charged with
second-degree murder. Pag 11.
Girl carried to safety in new firs scape
device as thousands raze. Page 11.
Wlthycombe busy with lob hunters. Para 9.
Jacob J. Seeds. Philadelphia manufacturer.
u.iBa rorama ana its possibilities.
C. P. Klrkland held while Mrs.. Han nan
Ronnlng's death Is probed. Page 4-
Weather report, data and forecast. Page IS.
DUTCH TOY SHIPS SEIZED
Cargoes Destined to American Mar
ket Reported Held by British.
NEW YORK. Nov. 2 ft fSnm-lgl
Uncle Sam's children will be short at
least 12.000.000 worth of toys "made
in Germany," cable advices to New
xorK importers say.
British warships. It Is reported, have
seized the steamers Brunswick, Rand
wyck and Noordwvck. of th. iinind.
American line, and confiscated their
cargoes. Each was laden with toys for
New York and Baltimore. They left
Rotterdam November 7. Merchant.
here plan to protest to Washington and
ixmcion. Tiey say tha ships were under,
V- 1 ... '
LANDSLIDES WRECK TRAIN
Second Pile of Debris Throws Engine
Over Bank Xear White Rock.
BELLINGHAM. Wash., Nov. 20.
Great Northern passenger train No. 35S,
bound from Vancouver, B. C, to Seattle,
struck two landslides 10 miles north of
White Rock, at 6 o'clock tonight.
The first slide was passed safely, but
when the engine struck the next one
a few yards on, the engine toppled over
and rolled down the embankment onto
the beach. Fireman Will Cummlngs
was injured slightly. No one else was
INSIDE THE GARDEN WALL.
DEAD ON FIELD ARE
ND LONGER COUNTED
French Captain Tells of
EVERY CORPSE FACES ENEMY
Deep Admiration Inspired by
LINES CLOSE TOGETHER
Positions Established by Enemy De-
. clared So Strong That Advance
Over Open Ground Would Be
Only tJseless Sacrifice.
. PARIS, Nov. 8. (Correspondence of
the Associated Press.) A French cav
alry Captain writing from a village
on the-Meuse describes in the Figaro
experiences during the fighting of
early October. Here is a translation
of his letter:
"We are garrisoned at R . I can
not complain too much, because of
fleers, men and horses are remark'
ably well Installed and I sleep every
night in a very good bed In a bouse
evacuated by its owner. The village is
three kilometers from the enemy's
lines. ' All the inhabitants have been
expelled, because many signals were
given at night by spies and because of
the fierce bombardment we have suf
fered. This Is a measure very painful
to enforce upon poor people, but it was
indispensable, and the innocent have
paid the penalty for the guilty.
Infantry Advance la Slew.
"It is a veritable siege in this part
of the battlefield, aad our infantry Is
advancing slowly, digging itself in as
at Sabastopol. conquering 200 to 300
meters a day.
"My squad holds a supporting posi
tion at R . It is all that the cav
alry can do at this moment. We are
'fortress cavalry,' so to speak.
.."Our foot soldiers, play cards .in the
trenches and amuse themselves only a
few meters away from the enemy. The
two lines are so near at certain points
that the soldiers throw hand grenades
Into the German trenches. 25 or SO
meters away, as the survivors of the
Crimean war relate.
Useless Sacrifice Avoided.
"One must give complete approval
to .our general staff, since the posi
tions established by the enemy are so
formidable that it would be useless
sacrifice of thousands of lives to ad
vance over open ground. 1 find that
we have adapted ourselves marvelously
to the new situation and our troopers.
among others, organize the defense of
villages with great spirit. All cheer
tully they bore loopholes in walls and
(Concluded on Pfcee 8.)
Friday's War Moves I
"pWO big battles, either or both of
X which may have decisive results,
are being fought In Poland, and a third
conflict of almost equal importance Is
progressing in East Prussia.
Of the three battles that which is
now at Its height between the Vistula
and Warthe rivers, and in which th
Russians say they have met partial
success, is exciting the greatest inter
est. The Germans, it Is believed, have
brought -up by their line of strategic
railways in Posen and Silesia at least
half a million men. in an effort to break
the Russian line at this point. Weather
conditions, the frozen ground and the
situation of the battlefield favor a bat
tie decisive to a degree not equaled on
any other field in the present war.
The other battle In Poland is taking
place on the Cracow-Czenstochowa
front, and both the Russians and Ger
mans claim It is proceeding satisfac
torily for them. In East Prussia the
Russian advance la moving slowly
through the country surrounding the
Mazurlan Lakes, which is difficult of
passage. In Gallcia the Russians are
moving steadily westward, and at the
same time are seizing the passes of the
There is now almost a complete
absence of infantry attacks in the west
era arena and the artillery fighting is
of much less violence. All that region
about Dixmude through which the Yser
Canal passes Is inundated, and the only
serious fighting' at present appears to
be taking place to the south of Ypres,
where cannonading of considerable In
tensity is in progress. Bad weather,
which necessarily hampers operations,
has been experienced, and snow has
fallen in some places. There has been
no Important action in the French
center, but in the Argonne region the
Germans have made vigorous attacks,
which the French say were repulsed.
On the French right wing the Germans
have retaken the village of Chauvon-
court, part of which they blew up a few
days ago, killing the French detach
ment that captured It. The activity of
the Germans In the vicinity of Rhelms
The advance by Austria Into Servia
is creating uneasiness in Bulgaria as
to the future of the Balkan states. The
question whether Bulgaria should re
main neutral or throw In her lot with
the allies was discussed yesterday in
the sobranje. Leaders of the demo
cratic parties suggested that the allies
should be consulted as to their inten
tlons regarding th future of the
Italy, too. has been affected by the
Austrian advance, and her Ambassa
dors at the European capitals have
been called home to confer with the
Cabinet Marquis Imperiall, Italian
Ambassador to Great Britain, will leave
for Rome tomorrow.
r In order to prevent, supplies of tea
reaching Germany from England
through neutral countries. Great Britain
has prohibited its exportation to
European countries, except those of the
allies. Spain and Portugal. Since the
outbreak of the war the exports of tea
to Holland have reached enormous
proportions. Britain has refused to
abate the embargo on exports of wool
The Admiralty has taken further
steps for the protection of the east
coast ports by the extension of the
mine field. This seems to give some
support to the rumors, current for
several days, that a German raid on
the east coast is expected. In fact It
is generally believed in London that if
Germany is balked in her other designs.
she will attempt to attack England,
no matter how desperate such an ex
pedition is considered.
Subscriptions to the British war
loan continue to come in, and it was
reported unofficially that the applica
tions aggregated between 3,000,000.000
and $3,500,000,000. The loan calls for
DEATH C0MES IN SLEEP
Cottage Grove Man Second oCFamily
to Pass Away Suddenly.
COTTAGE GROVE. Or.. Nov. 20.
(Special.) The second of the family to
die in the same manner in less than six
months, William A. Barrett was found
dead in bed at his home about 12
He had been down town Tuesday and
had written some letters Tuesday night
before retiring. Death evidently had
resulted from heart trouble and had
coma, while he slept.
Mr. Barrett came here from Iowa a
year ago to live with his brother. Le-
roy Barrett, who was found dead in
his chair May 31. The surviving broth
er lived alone in the house after that.
Because he had not been seen around
that day a neighbor, Mrs. Drake, made
an Investigation, and found the body.
GERMAN COLLIER ESCAPES
Chile Orders Capture of Vessel
Leaving Port Irregularly.
LIMA. Peru, Nov. 20. The German
steamer Luxor, of the Kosmos line, with
3000 tons of coal on board, has suddenly
left Coronel, Chile, without having re
ceived clearance papers. The German
steamer Memphis also has secretly left
The Chilean authorities have ordered
the capture of the Luxor.
TURKEYS DRUG0N MARKET
Price for Live Birds at Baker Is 15
Cents a Ponnd.
BAKER, Or.. Nov. 20. (Special.)
Turkeys are a drug on the market in
Baker at present. The price for live
birds has remained at 15 cents, but
iealers are refusing additional offer
ngs of the birds and there is prospect
of a slump in tbe price before Thanks
Growers are counting on the Port
land market to keep up the price.
EUROPE ASKS WHAT
VERA CRUZ PLAN IS
Question Is Put Up to
CARRANZA'S ABILITY DOUBTED
Information Does Not Assure
Protection, Say Consuls.
REPRISALS ARE INTENDED
Police Say Evidence Is Found; Jfon
combatants Are Frged to Keep
Off Streets, as Disturbance
Is Considered Likely.
VERA "CRUZ, Nov. 20. An uncon
firmed report has reached hre thr t
General Loelo Blanco, of the constitu
tionalist forces, by a coop d'etat has
made himself executive head In Mexico
City by Imprisoning General Obregon.
VERA CRUZ. Nov. 20. Through W.
W. Canada, the United States Consul
here, the Consuls of Cuba. Spain.
France and Great Britain have asked
the United States "what effective meas
ures are Koine to ba tnken h. h
United States to protect the lives and
property of foreigners in Vera Cruz."
Reprisal Declared Intent.
The Consuls exDlani that ,h
no Information to show that the Mexi
can government would be unable to
enforce the guarantees given by it.
The police assert thev are dnllv ob
taining evidence tending to show that
reprisals are planned bv the rnrti.'
tutlonalists. From one prisoner to-
aay tney say they obtained a detailed
list of houses that are to be searched.
Lxcltement was caused here tndnv hv
the circulation of a handbill which said
mat since Ueneral Francisco Villa's
men proposed to prevent the occupa
tion of the city the day the Americans
leave, it was earnestly urged that non-
combatants keep off the streets. It was
added that this Inconvenience probably
would not last more than 24 hours, as
It was expected in that time th con
stitutionalists would be able to secure
reinforcements to make certain their
tenure of the port.
Refugee Trains Arrive.
There appears no likelihood of an
early resumption of traffic between
Vera Cruz and Mexico Oltv K .
Is known here the Mexican Railway has
not been cut but a considerable stretch
of the Interoceanlo line has been de
stroyed. Local trains from intermedi
ate points arrived here tonight filled
YVAK IS LEFT TO VILLA
Troops of Kepudiated Government
Abandon Capital, v
WASHINGTON. No. 20. Official ad
vices to the United States Government
from Its agents throughout Mexico to
day revealed the situation as more con
fused than it has been in many months.
The official telegrams summarized
events as follows:
General Gutierrez, selected Provis
ional President by the convention at
Aguas Galientes, has decided to con
tinue General Francisco Villa in com
mand of all the troops controlled by the
convention. Villa has advanced to Ira
puato without resistance, and American
consular agents say he will continue to
Queretaro and the vicinity of Mexico
City without difficulty.
Obregon Declares War.
General Obregon. In the Mexican capi
tal and loyal to Carranza. has formally
declared war on General Villa. Unrest
and apprehension prevail in Mexico
City, as the Carranza troops have been
evacuating the city today. The purpose
of the move is unexplained.
General Obregon will leave the Mex
ican capital on Saturday. One message
said he was going to Salina Cruz, from
which point on the West Coast it was
thought he would move north to Guada
lajara and attempt to get into the rear
of .the Villa forces. Another telegram
spoke of his probable departure for
Vera Cruz, where it Is supposed he will
Join General Carranza next Monday to
take final possession of the city when
the American forces depart.
Offlces in Capital Vacated.
All the public offlces In Mexico City
have been vacated and the American
agents there do not know whether it
Is the purpose of the Carranza -Obregon
faction to leave the place undefended
or whether a small garrison will be
kept there when General Pablo Gon
zales and other Carranza forces move
north to meet the advance of the Villa
Railroad communication north of
Mexico City is interrupted and a band
of men, either Zapatistas or ex-federals.
have cut the line from Mexico City to
Vera Cruz at San Marcos.
There are rumors at Villa's head
quarters, according to one consular dis
patch, that Puebla baa been occupied
by the Zapata forces.
Britain Beaten, Says Foe.
BERLIN. Nov. 20 Press information
given out In official circles today in
cluded the following:
'Albert Ballin, director-general of
the Hamburg - American Steamship
Company, who was quoted recently by
the London Times as saving that it
was becoming clearer daily that Great
Britain could not be defeated, denies
that he ever said such a thing. On the
contrary, he believes that Great Britain
already has been defeated."