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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 18, 1914)
VOL. LrV. NO. 16.843.
PORTLAND. OREOOTJ, WEDNESDAY,. NOVE3IBER 18, 1914.
IN SEA OF HP
Flooded Area of Flanders
More Widely Extended.
GERMAN ATTACKS VIOLENT
Strong Effort Made to Cap
ture Railways Commanding
V Route to Coast.
ALLIES' LEFT INVOLVED
Fighting Almost as Desperate
Also Waged for Posses
sion of Verdun.
PARIS, Nov. 18. The battle in
Flanders is becoming more and more
restricted in the area between Ypres
and the Lys. The flooded country has
extended, until it now reaches well
6outh of Yperlee. In addition, the
rainy season has now set in, trans
forming the fields in swamps, as the
admirable drainage system has not
been working for three months.
The region is almost impassable and
the conditions evidence the hardihood
of the Germans, who have been able
to maintain their armies in a country,
tEe soil of which is nothing but liquid
inud and where 'the villages which
might afford the only shelter have
Cannonade Rages All Day.
The allies have behind them the
rich country of Northern France, well
supplied with excellent roads and
railways. The Germans are directing
their energies to forcing passages be
tween Dixmude and Bixschoote. A
violent cannonade, the customary pre
lude for an infautry attack in force,
raged all yesterday.
Simultaneously the Germans appear
to be gathering forces for an attack
on La Bassee, with the object of forc
ing their way through to Bethune and
Ilazebrouck, important railway junc
tions, the possession of which would
give them command of four railways
to Calais, Boulogne and Dunkirk" and
would enable them to cut off the
whole left wing of the allies.
Battle Intense Around Verdun.
"Fighting almost as intense as ?"n
Flanders continues on the Trench
right flank, in the region of Verdun,
which fortress the Germans are per
sistently trying to invest. On the
heights to the east of the Meuse, says
a semi-official statement, the French
light infantry is especially distin
guishing itself and the artillery gave
it useful support by destroying a Ger
"We have at various points of the
front," continues the statement,
"stormed several trenches, thanks to
the dash of our infantry. In the
Maine district one of our shells hav
ing blown up a German ammunition
depot, their atillery immediately
opened fire on the city and cathedral
Busman Captures 12.
As a heavy London motor omnibus
dashed toward the British camp in the
second line yesterday a sentry fired
and the guard turned out with loaded
rifles and fixed bayonets, for in this
vehicle were 12 Prussian soldiers with
packs and rifles. As the bus ap
proached the driver, a typical London
busman, cried out: "Don't shoot;
they're feeding out of my hand.
The Prussians have been on out
post. "When they saw the omnibus re
turning from the advanced British
trenches, where it had delivered a load
cf ammunition, they stood in the mid
dle of the road, threw up their hands
and surrendered, declaring that they
BATTLE DRAWING TO CIXSE
Advantage Declared to Have Passed
to Side of Allies.
BORDEAUX, via Paris. Nov. 18 Th
Bulletin of the Armies of the ReDUblic
thus sums up the military situation:
"The second great battle In Flanders
(Concluded on Fags 2.)
FIRED ON BY TURK?
CRUISER TENNESSEE REPORT
ED OPPOSED AT SMYRNA.
Washington Says No Alarm Is Felt
and Turkish Embassy Thinks It
Misunderstanding at Worst.
LONDON, Nov. 17. A dispatch to the
Exchange Telegraph Company from
"A 'launch from the United States
cruiser Tennessee which was entering
the Gulf of Smyrna to arrange for the
cruiser to come into the harbor was
fired on by the forts and compelled, to
return to the Tennessee.
"The commander of the Tennessee
Informed the palli that he had orders
from his Government to enter the har
bor of Smyrna and .had. decided to do
WASHINGTON, Nov. 17. Officials
here refused tonight to credit or to be
alarmed by the dispatch saying the
cruiser Tennessee's launch had been
fired on by the Turkish forts at Smyr
na. Secretary Daniels said if any inci
dent had occurred to give rise to such
a report, the Department would be in
formed fully by tomorrow. In. the
meantime he did not think It neces
sary to make a special effort to com
municate with the cruiser.
Mr. Daniels said the Tennessee had
not been ordered to go Into Smyrna
harbors, that the commanders of both
the Tennessee and her sister ship, the
North Carolina, had only general in
structions to remain in Mediterranean
waters and look out for American in
terests. He was satisfied that neither
of the commanders would take any
step that might involve the United
States in international difficulties.
At the Turkish embassy it was said
the Smyrna report probably was un
true, but if there had been any diffi
culty between the commander of the
Tennessee and Smyrna port authorities
it might have resulted from a misun
derstanding which quickly would be
BRITAIN ACCEPTS GERMANS
Bankers, One With Son in Kaiser's
Army, Are Naturalized.
LONDON, Nov. 17 Replying to a
question In the House of Commons to
day, Reginald McKenna, the Home Sec
retary, said he had granted certificates
of naturalization to Baron Bruno
Schroeder and Julius Rittershaussen,
of the firm of J. H. Schroeder & Co..
bankers, after war had been declared
and after satisfying himself that It was
in the public Interest to do so.
Mr. Schroeder has a son fighting In
the German army and the Board of
Aldermen of the city of London had
protested against the granting of nat
uralization to the father. N
scribe tbe proclamation at Constanti
nople or a noiy war aa arointing great
enthusiasm In the Turkish capital.
BliKLIN, Nov. 17 by Wlreleaa to
London.) Theoreu pntton of Belgrade.
Servla, by the Austrian apparently is
Imminent, according to an official an
nouncement mads public here today.
LONDON, Nov. 17. It waa officially
announced In London tonight that the
Prince of Walca had been appointed
aide de camp to Field aMrabal Sir John
French, the commander of the British
expeditionary forces on the Continent.
BEULIX, Nov. 16 (by Wireless.)
Prince Oscar, the fifth son of Emperor
William, who has recuperated from a
recent attack or heart trouble, la re
turning: to tbe general ataff hradquar
tera today for duty in the field.
AMSTERDAM, via London, Nov. 17.
The Nleovre Kotterdamache Conrant
quotes a letter from u Gallcian priest
saying that 40,000 Auatrlans have been
burled In one day in a grave six and
one-half feet wide nnd n little more
than four miles Ions. The bodlea, the
letter aaya, were laid In three layers.
These men were killed, It is said, in a
battle lasting only a few hours.
LONDON, Nov. 17. A. dispatch from
Copenhagen to the Star says It Is
learned from a German tonne that a
Russian squadron has left Helslngfors,
Finland, and is steering southwest,
with the supposed Intention of engag
ing the German Baltic squadron.
BERLIN, Nov. 17 (by Wireless to
Sayville.) The German government
has issued a denial of the report that
Germany had refused American aid for
the suffering population of Belgium.
On the contrary, the government is
highly pleased with this American as
sistance, and instructions to this effect
have been seat to Count von Benistorff,
German Ambassador tl Washington.
LONDON. Nov. 17. Among the Rus
sian prisoners captured by the Ger
mans in the battle of Kntno were the
Governor of Warsaw and his staff, ac
cording to a Berlin telegram forwarded
to Renter's Telegram Company from
LONDON, Nov. 17. The Swedish
steamer Andrew a truck: a mine In the
North Sea yesterday and sank. Eight
een survivors. Including two women,
after having drifted about in hoats for
12 hours, were rescued by a liner and
landed at Hull.
SWANSEA, Nov. 17 via London.
Prohibition of the exportation of tin
plate to Denmark. Holland and Sweden
will mean the cloaing of 35 mills and
will directly affect 1700
LONDON, Nov. 17. The casualties on
the Australian cruiser Sydney, which
destroyed the German cruiser Emden
In the Indian Ocef.n, were four men
killed and one officer nnd 14 men
BRITAIN TO PUT TAX
OH BEERJO TEA
Cost of Year's War May
INCOME TAX TO BE DOUBLED
Loan of $1,750,000,000 at
31-2 Per Cent to Be Floated.
COMMONS APPROVES PLAN
Sum Declared Sufficient to Carry
ConHIct Up to July All Classes
of Community Are Called
On to Contribute.
LONDON. Nov. 17. David Lloyd
George, Chancellor f the Exchequer in
the House of Commons, today estimated
that the cost of one year for the war
for this country would be 150.000.000
($2,250,000,000). the largest amount
England has ever spent on a war, and
more than twice what was spent In the
four years' conflict in South Africa.
To pay this enormous bill the govern
ment had decided, he said, to raise a
loan of 350,000,000 ($1,750,000,000).
which would be issued at 85, bear in
terest at the rate of 3 per cent, and
be redeemable at par March 1, 1928.
Income Tax Doubled,
The Chancellor proposed and tbe
House unanimously supported him, that
the income tax should be doubled, but
only collected on one-third of the In
come this year; that an extra half
penny (one cent) 'per half pint should
be levied on beer, and an extra three
pence (six cents; per pound 6n tea.
He explained that the expenditure on
the British troops would be higher In
proportion than that of any other coun
try in the world, as the pay and the
cost of the army and navy were
greater; there were separate allow
ances to the men and their families,
and pensions were on a larger scale.
Already 2.000.000 were serving and an
other 1,000,000 were in the course of
enlistment. ' - -
Three Million to Serve.
Mr. Lloyd George said the govern
ment also had decided for the present
not to tax the wages of classes not paying-
the income tax.
He said it scarcaly was realized that
2,000,000 men now were serving the
country under arms, and he confidently
expected this number would be in
creased in the next few months to
S. 000.000 men, which, he added, would
entail the payment of separation al
lowances amounting to 75,000,000 a
year. Incidentally the Chancellor of
the Exchaauer estimated that a full
year of the war would cost at least
(Concluded on Pave 2.)
T.......---... ....... .....T tT-T-T-TTTI,., .,,.,,..,, .,,,.......
NOT YET. BUT SOON, MAYBE.
! , ; , . .. , :
m r '
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 4
degrees; minimum. S3 decrees.
TODAY'S Fair; easterly winds.
Launch from cruiser Tennessee fired on by
Turks at Smyrna. Pace 1.
Britain to tax tea and beer and double In
come tax for war pursosea. Pace 1.
Battle of Flanders goes on in aea of mud.'
Germans tryins: to capture railways to
aea. Pace 1.
Wearln tactics or Germans declared failure
by Briton. Page 1.
Cracow is doomed if not captured, says Lon
don. Pass 2.
President of University of California bars
Belelaa benefit from theater. Pace 2.
Battle off coast of Chile berun by Admiral
Cradoek. Pace S.
Suggestion of peace mads In Holland.
Belgians, overpowered, but not conquered,
await opportunity to rise against Ger
man. Page 0.
Carranza agrees to leave Mexico and Villa
4c expected to otter to do- likewise.
Foot and mouth disease found In cattle at
Spokane. Page 6.
October export statistics show big galr. over
same period of 1813. Page 7.
Future promising. President Wilson de
clares. Page 9.
Charity worker, accused by girl, commits
suicide. Page 3. "
Jefferson and Washington High Schools play
champloashlp gams today. Page 14.
Berry and associates in San Francisco to
close deal for Seals. Page 14.
Aggies will uDsel orecedent If they defeat
Oregon. Page 14.
Dance oermit of Bachelors' Club at Seattle
Is revoked, police reporting dances are
shameful. Page 9.
Commercial and Marine.
Foreign inquiry for oats causes firmer local
market. Page 10.
Export buying lifts wheat at Cbicago.
Goods at dock for East mark return of
shipping prestige. Page 18.
Money rates easier In New York market.
Page 19. '
Portland and Vicinity.
Committee decides to ask bids on alt re
maining interstate bridge bonds. Page 18.
Bankers see evil in chalrity jobs this Winter.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 19.
Officials, railroads and fctockmen co-operate
to shield cattle of Northwest. Page 19.
New Orpheum will open Sunday. Page 11.
Dr. Wlthycombe, Governor-elect, reiterates
policy of economy. Page 4.
Judge' McGinn Imposes fines amounting ton
i-ou on - men who wronged 14-year-old
girl and directs that money be held for
girl in trust. Page 1.
Bar association to debate non-partisan ju
diciary bills today. Page 8.
Kind of surface for Columbia highway yet
to do determined by board tor budget, i
Pace 9. I
Members of Legislature plan changes in fish
and game laws. Page o.
Jefferson High School graduates to wear
cotton commencement costumes. Pago 8.
Dutch girls in native costume to solicit
funds tor. relief of Holland. Page 15.
School levy may be fixed at 4.95 mills for
year. Paae 4.
Patrolman J; R. White, traffic officer, is
crushed to death by motor truck at
Union avenue and. East Burneldo. Fags 4.
Benefit concert., fos- Florence OHteiitoo
Kef uge Homo is great success. Page 4.
Man believed to bo Traunson, supposed
slaver of Emma Ulrica, is caught at Ore
gon City. Pace 15.
BELGIAN RELIEF SHIP IN
First Cargo From American Conti
nent Reaches Rotterdam.
TUB HAGUE, via London. Nov. 17.
The steamer Tremorvah, the first Bel
gian relief ship from the American
Continent, arrived today at Rotterdam.
The Tremorvah sailed from Halifax
Octooer 28, carrying- 3500 tons of flour,
potatoes, cheese and canned goods, the
grift of the people of Nova Scotia.
British Observer Says
Allies Hold Own.
PRUSSIAN GUARD IN ACTION
Picked Men Justify Reputation
Won in 1870.
ATTACKS ARE PERSISTENT
Immense Losses Only Result In
Temporary Lull Until Freeh
Troops Are Brought Up, Then
Furious Action Resumed.
LONDON.-Nov. si 7. Colonel E. D.
Swlnton, the official observer at the
British headquarters, gives today a
further chapter In his narrative of
operations at the front, bringing: up
his account to November 13. His latest
report describes the fierce attack of
the Prussian "Guards on the British
lines in the neighborhood of Ypres.
Colonel Swlnton's report, issued
through tbe official press bureau, fol
lows: "The diminution In the force of the
German rush to the west has not lasted
long. The section of the front to the
north of our forces was the first to
meet the recrudescence of violence, in
the sbap9 of an attack in the neighbor
hood of Dixmude and Bixschoote.
Germans Mass Fresh Troops.
"Our turn came next. After eight
days of comparative relaxation we were
under constant pressure from November
3 to November 10. The next day saw a
repetition of the attempt of the Ger
mans to break through our lines to the
"In epite of immense losses suffered
by the enemy during the attack against
Ypres. the cessation of their more
violent efforts October 29 only signal
ized the temporary relinquishment of
the main ofienBlve , until fresh troops
had been massed to carry on what was
proving to be a costly and difficult
operation. Meanwhile the interval was
employed in endeavoring to wear out
the allies by repeated local attacks and
to shatter them by a. .prolonged bom
bardment. By the 11th, therefore. It
seems that they considered that they
had attained both objects, for on that
day they recommenced the desperate
battle for the possession of Ypres and
German Gain Admitted.
"Though the struggle has not yet
come to an end. this much can be said
"The Germans have gained some
ground, but they have not captured
"In repulsing the enemy so far we
Concluded on Page S.
Tuesday's War Moves
UNDETERRED by Wintry weather
and floods, the Germans are still
making an effort to break down the
allies' defense along the Franco-Belgian
frontier. Although the Berlin of
ficial report refers to the day as hav
ing been a quiet one, there has been
an almost continuous artillery duel,
with occasional Infantry attacks, but
apparently without either side making
The line from the coast to Nieuport,
which has been receiving less atten
tion since the Germans began their at
tempt to get the British out of Ypres,
again has been subjected to a bombard
ment which is described as violent,
while to the south of Dixmude the Ger
mans have been trying, under fire from
the allies' cannon, to build works to
check the flood which compelled them
to evacuate part of their trenches.
At other points the big guns have
again been busy, and Rheims has been
subjected to another rain of shells.
From the allies' point of view prob
ably the most important operations are
those to the south of Verdun, where
the French troops for some time have
been trying further to relieve the
pressure which the Germans have been
exerting on the fortress. They have
at last succeeded, according to the
French official communication, and be
sides making some progress on the
heights of the Meuse they have ad
vanced on St. Mlhlel. the only point on
the left bank of the Meuse which the
Germane have been successful in hold
Another big battle is develoDinar In
Poland, where the Russian advance
has been met by large forces of Ger
mans coming from Thorn. The German
plan seems to be to attack the Russian
center in the hope of drawing their
wings from East Prussia and Cracow.
In the former region the Russians re
port a further advance toward the
Gumblnnen-Augerburg line in the
north, but they have net been able to
dislodge the Germans from the pas
sages of the Mazurian Lakes.
In Galicia the troops of Emperor
Nicholas are driving the Austrians
southward and westward and have en
gaged their rearguards at Dukla, at
the foot' of the Carpathian Mountains.
There was an unofficial report yes
terday that Cracow was burning, but
this has not been confirmed.
The Servians and Montenegrins con
tinue to fall back before larger Aus
trian forces. It Is announced from
Vienna that Belgrade again Is about to
General Botha, commander of the
Union of South Africa forces, again
has been engaged with General de Wel'e
rebel commandos, but the final result
of the battle Id not yet known. Ap
parently General De Wet. who gave the
British so much trouble in the South
African war before he was finally cap
tured, Is proving a thorn in the side
of his old comrade, Botha, for, although
part of his commando has been cap
tured. Ceneral do Wet teems to kesp
out of the hands of his pursuers.
The action of the steamer Berlin, a
former North German-Lloyd liner,
which was converted into a cruiser. In
deliberately enterlngthe harbor of
Trondhjem. Norway, and Interning is
something of a mystery here. It Is pre
sumed she was acting', as a convoy for
German submarines and waa being
watched by the allies'" warships.
The British government is to raise a
loan of $1,750,000,000 for war purposes,
and the Chancellor of the Exchequer
has arranged a schedule of new taxes
which includes an Increase In the in
come tax and special taxes on beer and
In the opinion of the Chancellor one
year of the present war will cost
Great Britain J2.250.000.000, the largest
amount . England ever has spent on a
The British Prime Minister. Mr. As
quith. has announced that the British
government has decided to declare the
whole of the North Sea to be in the
military aera, and that, therefore, all
subjects of the enemy found on neu
tral vessels in those waters would be
liable to detention's prisoners of war.
Oil and copper, he has further an
nounced, will be declared contraband of
PRIZE SHIP GIVEN WOMAN
Einden Skipper Presents Captured
Vessel to Wife of Captive.
. LONDON. Nov. 17. Another tribute
to the gallantry of Captain von Muller.
of the German cruiser Kmden. which
was badly battered recently by the
Australian cruiser Sydney and forced
to run aground on Cocoa Island, in the
Indian Ocean, Is contained in a letter
received by a Glasgow woman from
her son, who is a member of the crew
of the steamer Kabinga, which was
captured by the Emden in tbe Bay of
Bengal. The letter says:
"The Emden captured the Kabinga
in the Bay of Bengal, but when Cap
tain von Muller learned that our skip
per's wife and children were aboard he
presented the ship to the lady, remark
ing to the skipper: 'You can Inform
your owners that as far as they are
concerned the Kabinga has been seized
and sunk.' "
AUSTRIANS GAIN ON SERBS
Kolubara River Is Crossed at Some
Points, Says Vienna.
VIENNA, via Amsterdam and London.
Nov. 18. An official dispatch received
here last night says:
"In the Southern war theater our
troops have advanced to the Kolubara
River (Northwestern Servla), which
already has been crossed at some
points, although the bridges were de
stroyed by the enemy in the Valjevo
district, where our army commanders
have arrived, confidence has been re
stored. The town has suffered much
from the Servian soldiers.
Sim FINES GOTO
BIBL MEN WBDHBED
Judge M'Ginn Holds
State Has No Right.
MONEY DEPOSITED IN TRUST
Lass, When 19, May Draw
Fund if Behavior Is Good.
COIN HERS, ANYWAY, AT 21
Court, In Deciding Case of Slargaret
Frykman, 14, Assails Nation's
Punitive System Roach and
Berger Bow to Judgment.
Monetary balm for a girl found to
have been wronged was provided by
Judge McGinn yesterday in sentencing
Joseph Berger, a Jeweler, and Egbert
Roach, an actor, who were accused by
Margaret frykman, a 14-year-old
school girl, of contributing to her
downfall. The men had pleaded guilty.
Berger was sentenced to a year's im
prisonment, but was paroled upon con
dition that he deposit $1000 with the
court to be placed In a local bank for
the use and benefit of the g-lrl when
she arrives at the age of 21 years.
Roach, considered a lesser offender,
who had been sentenced to serve six
months, but was paroled and whose
parole was revoked, was directed to
pay 250 under like conditions. Both
accepted the Judgment of the court.
Money Held for Girl.
The girl witness will be 15 years
old next March and if she lives up to
the conditions named in the order of
Judge McGinn, she will be able to
obtain the money for her own use in
March, 1919. Failing in that, she will
be paid the fund, provided for. her in
Judge McGinn, in pronouncing liis
notable Judgment, said he was more
concerned fur the wrongs that had
been, done the young Kirl than for
the violation of a statute. His concern
was not so much for the peace and
dignity of the State of Oregon, he said,
as for the future welfare of Margaret
Much timo has been spent by Judge
McGinn in seeking to HnU a way out
of the difficulties that surround the
young girl. He considered several
solutions and after long deliberation,
the plan adopted seemed the most
likely to promise results. He believes
an Inducement will bo held out to the
girl to restrain any tendency to lapse
again Into waywardness and to her
parents as well to throw safeguards
about her in future. That those guilty
of having wronged the girl should be
compelled to contribute to her future
welfare appealed to Judge McGinn's
sense of justice.
Judge tddreMM Defendant.
Judge McGinn took up the cases of
Roach and Berger yesterday after they
had been set for final disposition next
Saturday and the accused men wore
notified to be present with their at
torneys. Judge McGinn said:
"1 have given these cases consider
able thought. The punishment for in
fractions of the sexual moral code is
by no means new to me 1 have had it
before me as . a prosecutor, as a de
fender anil as a judge ever since 1 have
been at the bar, now a third of a cen
tury. Penal legislation as a curative
for sexual moral infractions is com
paratively recent. They were not han
dled through courts and Legislatures
until the time of Lord Mansfield. When
handled through tbe courts or through
public opinion and when the punish
ment is uniform and steady and tem
perate and when the world at large has
a real living attitude toward this ciass
of cases, something can be accom
plished by way of punishment; but
when spasmodically we take hold of
one and punish him and then allow
ourselves to lapse into quit and do
nothing until we are again angered,
and In the meantime allow the laws to
be violated because no one cares to
put them in motion. It is doubtful If
penal legislation or punishment through,
courts can ever do much good.
Maraulny la Quoted.
"Lord Macaulay In 1S31 in his essay
on Lord Byron, defending the memory
of Byron from the accusation that he
was worse than the general run of men
so accused, had this to say of public
Judgment, to which I entirely subscribe:
" 'We know no spectacle so ridiculous
as the British public in one of its
periodical fits of morality. In general,
elopements, divorces and family guar
rele pass with little notice. We read
the scandal, talk about It for a day
and forget it. But once In six or seven
years our virtue becomes outrageous.
We cannot suffer the laws of religion
and decency to be violated. We must
make a stand against vice. We must
teach libertines that the English people
appreciate the importance of domestic
' One Suffers for Many.
" 'Accordingly, soma unfortunate man,
in no respect more depraved than hun
dreds whose offenses have been treated
with lenity. Is singled out as an ex
piatory sacrifice. If he has children,
they are to be taken from him. If he
has a profession he is to be driven from
it. He is cut by the higher orders and
hissed by the lowest. He is, in truth,
a sort of whipping boy. by whooe
vicarious agonies all the other trans
gressors of the same class are. It ia
(Concluded on Fage 6.)