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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 17, 1914)
VOL. Li IV. NO. 10.842.
PORTLAND. OREGON, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 17. 1914,
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Russians Outflank Enemy,
COMBINED ARMIES BEATEN
Germany Again Is "Under
Sign of the Russian Dan
i. ger," Is Report.
GERMANS RUN GREAT RISKS
Retirement From Warsaw Re
sembles in Many Respects
That From Paris.
HOME, Nov. 16. The GiJrnala
1 'Italia publishers dispatch from
Venice which says that news has been
received there that Cracow, capital of
Galicia, is burning and that its in
habitants are fleeing.
A special dispatch from Petrograd
to the Giornale d'ltalia says that the
overwhelming advance of the Rus
sians toward Cracow is overcoming all
obstacles, both the difficulty of the
passes and the desperate resistance
of the Austrians. Cracow is entirely
besieged on the northeast. A sortie
from Przemysl has been repulsed by
Russian artillery and cavalry, which
inflicted severe losses on the Aus
trians. BERLIN, Nov716, via London,
11:08 P. M. Germany again is "un
der the sign of the Russian danger,"
to quote the astrological metaphor
frequently used by the Germans.
The combined German and Austrian
armies, which, by a well-timed and
well-executed change of front and
with timely reinforcements, were able
to sweep through Poland to the line
of the Vistula, threatening Warsaw
and Ivangorod, were, in turn, out
flanked by the masses of Russia's
command and have fallen back to
their own trenches.
Timid Begin to Leave.
Timid inhabitants of the border
regions are leaving their homes for
the interior. Professional pessimists
draw long faces and a certain amount
cf disquietude is beig manifested in
civilian circles in Berlin.
There are many indications, bow
ever, that the retirement before War
saw is not that of a beaten army, but
cf one which, realizing that it failed
in its object of a surprise campaign,
promptly changed its strategic plan
and retreated. v
Predictions are hazardous, but the
preat news of the next fortnight may
come from the armies facing on
Poland's wintry fields.
German General Beady.
The common report is that Genera!
von Hindenburg is ready to accept or
to give battle on the new ground, he
The eighth army intrusted with the
defense of East Prussia again" has a
new commander. It originally was
commanded by Generals von Pritt
witz and Gaffron and passed into the
hands of General von Hindenburg and
i'M-: i? 1? PI.. Ti? T 1 1 I A n..
v.mei ul oiuil von i-iuaenaoni. The
new commander is General von Bue
low, one of a family of military
brothers of high rank.
The retirement from Warsaw ro
eembles in many respects that from
the environs of Paris in September,
the Germans in both cases assuming
the great risk of running out of am
munition and supply trains and ex
posing their flank and rear, hoping to
smash a supposed demoralized army.
Campaign Well Mapped Out.
They hoped in the Warsaw cam
paign, like Stonewall Jackson at
Chancellorsville, to catch the enemy's
right wing napping, roll up'that por
tion of it west of the Vistula, press
across the river and capture Warsaw.
Holding strongly the line from East
Prussia on ,the north to Galicia on
the south, they expected to be able to
stand off Russia and devote their
principal attention to the western
That is why, it is said, General von
(Concluded oa Pag
PRINCE OF WALES
IS OFF TO BATTLE
BRITAIN'S HEIR CHEERED BY
SOLDIERS IX FRANCE.
Action of Apparent Future King Is
, Expected to Be Followed by In
LONDON, Nov. 17. A dispatch from
Boulogne to the Daily Chronicle says:
"The arrival of the Prince of Wales
here was the signal for an enthusiastic
demonstration by the British and
French troops gathered on the water
front. Several trainloads of wounded
alongside the quays Joined in the cheer
ing. The Prince shook hands and spoke
with many of the wounded.
"The crossing was one of the rough
est of the year, but the Prince suffered
no inconvenience, spending the greater
part of the voyage on the bridge."
The Prince of Wales crossed from
Folkestone to . Boulogne last night on
his way to the front.
The Prince was dressed in a military
uniform and unostentatiously departed
In an ordinary cross-channel mail
packet boat, the Onward. He has joined
the staff of Field Marshal Sir John
The news that the heir to the throne
had been permitted to carry out the
royal tradition as an army leader has
been received with great satisfaction
by the newspapers, which express the
belief that it will stimulate recruiting.
It Is pointed out that the Prince of
Wales was the first officer enrolled in
the , army after the outbreak of the
war, as he volunteered for service soon
after midnight, August 4, and was as
signed to the third battalion of the
3 TRAPPED AS TRAITORS
Canada Accuses Father and Sons of
Taking Austrians to America.
NIAGARA FALLS, Ont, Nov. 16.
Joseph Snyder and his sons, Richard
and Arthur, are under arrest at the
44th Regiment Armory, charged with
high treason in attempting to take
Austrian reservists across the border
to the American side. They are liable
to a death penalty.
The Snyders have been under sur
veillance for some time and were caught
in a trap. They were offered i40 to
land four Austrians on the American
side. The money was paid and four
supposed Austrians were brought to
them. A squad of mllltlamen sur
rounded the party and imprisoned the
Snyders In the Armory. The case is
In the hands of the military.
DIPLOMATS KEEP SECRET
loss of , British Dreadnought Made
Known by Ambassador Page.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 16. The United
States Government has known official
ly for. two weeks of the destruction of
the British dreadnought Audacious by
a mine off the Irish coast, but has kept
the secret "at the request of the British
Ambassador Page cabled the Amer
ican Government of the sinking of the
Audaclus within a day or two after she
went down. He said he had been offi
cially Informed of the sinking, as ell
as of the delay to the liner Olympic. He
gave no details, however, and merely
stated that the British government
wanted the loss kept "secret for the
Irish Gnsrds, kui
at Ypres. He w
, 17, 5:08 A. M. -Vn-made
lltzclnrence, of the
been killed In action
as connected with the
family of the Ea
rl of Minister, was 40
years old and i
Africa, where he
aw service In South
was twice nonnded.
lOSDOX, Nov. 17, 4:25 A. SI. A
Petrograd dispatch to Renter's Tele
era m Campany states that General
Christian De M et, head of the rebellion
In the Oranne Free State and Western
Transvaal, has been wonnded In the
head. De Wet's followers are reported
as much dejected. It la said that they
are poorly armed and lack ammu
nition. LONDON, Nov. 16. Telegraphing from
Athens, the correspondent of the Ex
change Telegraph Company Bays it was
announced In the Grecian Chamber of
Deputies today that Great Britain had
advanced the Greek government 40,000,
OOO drachmas (S,000,000 to pay for
warships for Greece, to be constructed
in English shipyards.
BERLIN, Nov. 16, (By Wireless.)
Austrian olucial bulletins given out In
Berlin today say that the Austrian gar
rison at Praemysl la showing great
energy. The Austrians, It la asserted,
have made a successful sortie to the
north of the fortress.
BERLIN, Nov. lfc. According to in
formation given officially to the press
today, reports reaching Berlin front
Geneva set forth that the British torpedo-boat
destroyer Falcon, the cruiser
Brilliant and the sloop of war RInaldo
have been disabled by German guns on
the Belgian coast.
BERLIN, Nov. 18. An official Turkish
bulletin made public in Berlin today
claims further successful Ottoman oper
ations against the Russians, who. It is
asserted, suffered severe losses In men,
ammunition and provisions.
AMSTERDAM, via London, Nov. 17.
The Bandelsblad In an editorial urges
Queen Wllhelmina to consult with
President Wilson on the possibility of
offering mediation to the belligerent
powers. It is rumored here that Henry
Van Dyke, the American Minister to
Holland, has returned to the United
States ia this connection.
Great Britain Takes
"GREATEST EMERGENCY" CK'D
Government Now Will Lend
HOUSE OF COMMONS UNIT
No- Dissenting Voice Heard - When
Premier Asks for $1,125,000,000
and Million More Soldiers.
Labor Champions Cause.
BRITISH PREPARE FOR LOXG
House of Commons votes 81,
125.000,004 additional war credit.
House of Commons also votes
unanimously . for an additional
army of 1,000.000 men.
War costing Great Britain close
to $5,000,000 daily.
Alien enemies of Great Britain
.now interned in concentration
camps total 14.500, and there are
29.000 still at large in England.
LONDON. Nov. 16. Great Britain to
day set herself for a long war and a
determined campaign against Germany
when the House of Commons voted
unanimously for the additional war
credit of 1 1.125,000,000 asked by Pre
The measure also carries proviso for
an aditional army of 1,000,000 men,
which also was voted unanimously.
Premier Asquith stated today in the
House of Commons that the war al
ready was costing Great Britain from'
14,500,000 to 15,000,000 dally.
Allen Enemies Total Thousand.
Home Secretary McKenna Imparted
the information that 14,300 alien
Lenemies of Great Britain were to
day interned In concentration camps
in the British - Isles. These were
in' addition to the prisoners taken in
action and the men removed from the
merchant ships of the enemy. Mr. Mc
Kenna added that there were about
29,000 alien enemies still at large In
The condition and morals of the
soldiers, the inevitable spy system and
the press censorship were subjects dis
The Prime Minister characterized the
crisis, as "the greatest emergency In
which the country ever has been
placed." He said 1,200,000 men already
were under arms; that the war was
costing nearly $5,000,000 a day and
that the government proposed to lend
Belgium $50.0d0,00u and Servia $4,000,
000 without interest, until the end of
Timothy Healy, the Irish Nationalist.
(Concluded on Page S.)
4 Sjleigh to
XV I yVQy SAHARA 0J?S ZT
M' -. ' ii ra.iiTiFifl -frh
INDEX OF TODAFS NEWS
The Weather. f
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 47
degrees; minimum. 40 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; easterly winds. -War.
Cracow burning and populace fleeing and
German-Austro armies driven back by
Russians. Page 1.
Prince of Wales (toes to front as army of
ficer. Pace 1. "
House of Commons votes for Great Britain's
war campaign millions in men and
money. Page 1.
Inundations now deadlock armies. Page 1.
German experts guard Belgian works of
art. Page 2.
Germans clean up Antwerp. Page t.
Germans charge repeatedly against bayonets
and artillery fire. Page 2.
Pope in encyclical urges peace between na
tions and In church. Page 4.
Hundred towns in France destroyed slnoe
war began. Page 4.
Americans find prisoners of war are being
well treated. Page 5.
Germans retreat In East Prussia, says Petro.
grad. Page 6.
Villa will go Into exile, says report, and
peace In Mexico Indicated. Page 3.
Government reports indicate general Increase
in prosperity. Page X.
Reserve Bank Board proposes transfer
of $150,000,000 more to reserve banks.
. Page 13.
Gompers beads off tailors' declaration of
war on brotherhoods. Page 6.
Suffrage convention ends calmly and truce
is formed. Page 4. '
Oreror. holds secret practice In preparation
for game against Aggies. Page 14.
Aggies agree to play game at Ttcomft' to
nein raise funds for Belgians. Page 14.
Athletic Union grants recognition to women
swimmers. Page 14.
Sole witness of fatal shooting of husband
by Mrs. Grler, near Mill City, telle Jury
woman aimed rifle at bim once. Page 7.
Appointment of Seattle police chief sur
prises, ' but Captain Louis M. lang is
- liked. Page 6.
Commercial and Marine.
Heavy buying of hops In Yakima section.
All lines of livestock firm at North Port
land yards. Page 19.
Chicago wheat weakened by large visible
supply figures. Page 19.
Northwest sends record cereal cargo to feed
allied armies. Page IS.
Court says Port of Portland must pay dam
ages for vessels burt in its charge.
Portland mod Vicinity.
Flnley and Clanton restored to office in
spite of Governor. Page 1.
Budget Is adopted, but'Councll will be asked
to make levy of 7.4 mills instead of 7.5.
Campaign plans for city election already get
attention. Page 11.
Miss Emma Ulrlch, 21. Is killed at door or
home on Corbett street; slayer escapes.
Page 4. '
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 19.
Portland bankers lsud new Federal banking
system. Page 16. ,
Bride, medal and $1000 are man's reward
for saving girl from drowning. Page 13.
Tone war Is traced to deported woman.
Pane 8. ,
George L. Baker plans operation of stock
theater circuit In Portland, Spokane,' Se
attle and Vancouver. B. C. Page 8.
BRITAIN IS HOARDING GOLD
Receipts From Abroad Are 9130,
000,000 and Holdings Greater.
LONDON, Nov. 6. (Correspondence
of the Associated Press.) Gold is be
ing hoarded in England at such a rate
as , to cause much discussion. About
30.000.000 ($150,000,000) has been re
ceived in gold by England from other
countries in the last three months.
Moreover, treasury notes have been
put into circulation to the amount of
30,250,000, in addition to 5.000,000 in
Bank, of England notes. Nevertheless
the Increase in gold holdings of the
Bank of England has amounted, to more
than the sold actually received front
abroad. This proves conclusively, it is
said, that there is a general hoarding
SPEAKING OF WINTER IN THE WAR
LOST TO GOVERNOR
Finiey and Clanton Re
stored to Old Offices.
WEST REPORTED DISTURBED
Board Politically Shuffled,, As
sumes Former Aspect.
PLACE IS GIVEN 0PSUND
C. II. Evans, of Lost inc. Refuses to
Resign and Is Discharged Xo
Opposition expected From
Executive After Defeat.
After manipulating appointments on
the State Fish and Game Commission
for nearly a year to his own political
advantage. Governor West yesterday
lost control of the organization, and
W. L. Finiey and R. E. Clanton were
restored to their respective offices as
State Game Warden and Master Fish
Warden, from which places they were
removed last February to satisfy a
passing whim of the Governor.
This action was taken at a special
meeting of the commission In Port
land yesterday morning.
Theodore Opsund, who has been
Master Fish Warden since Mr. Clan-
ton's removal early in the year, re
signed at the Invitation of the com
mission. Mr. Clanton was elected to
his old position and Mr. Opaund was
named his assistant.
Resignation la Refused.
C. H. Evans, of Lostine, who was ap
pointed as Mr. Finley's successor at
the time of the reorganization, was
given opportunity yesterday to resign
and refused, whereupon he was dis
charged and Mr. Flnley named in his
The organization of the fish and
game departments now is virtually the
same as it was prior to the shake-up
Four members of the commission
were present at yesterday's meeting.
They were C. F. Stone, B. EL Duncan,
George H. Kelly and M. J. Kinney.
Floyd Bllyeu, chairman of the com
mission, was out of town and Mr. Dun
can presided. It is understood that the
vote to restore Mr. Flnley and Mr. Clan
ton to offioe was not unanimous.
Governor Reported "Disturbed."
The appointments became effective
immediately. Governor West was noti
fled of the board's action. It is ro-J
ported ttiat be was visibly disturbed
when he learned what had happened.
It is said, however, that inasmuch as
the Governor's efforts to use the fish
andgame organization to further the
candidacy of Dr. C J. Smith for Gov.
ernor had proved futile, he will make
(Concluded on page 13.)
Monday's War Moves
THE coming' of Winter has partly
paralyzed the movements of troops
both in the East and the West theaters
of the war.
The Russians on the border of East
Prussia are reported to be marching
through snow clad in sheepskin Jack
ets similar to those which the Japan
ese first wore in Manchuria.
Blizzards have swept the trenches In
Belgium and Northern France and
brought great suffering to the wounded
as well as to the men in the fields. A
large area of West Flanders around
Dlxmude has been flooded by the heavy
rains and is no man's land for fight
The French and German reports are
contradictory as regards the progress
of their armies in the west. Berlin says
there was only slight activity because
of the snow storm. Paris announced
that the Germans, 'in attempting to
cross the canal near Dlxmude. .were
thrust back, while the allies recap
tured several strategic points, re
pulsed two -German attacks southeast
of Ypres and "entirely destroyed" a
German regiment south of Bixschoote.
An observer with the British army
who. furnishes the newspapers reports
from the front, announces that the Ger
man attempts to' battr a wedge
through the British lines have decreased
greatly In force during the past few
days ana that they bear no resem
blance to the attacks in great force
launched against Ypres at the end of
October. They are mora in the nature
of demonstrations in force than serious
assaults, he declares.
The writer pays high tribute to the
bravery of raw German youths and
men of middle age, who, he says, do not
hesitate to march against the trained
If the Germans .have abandoned their
furious battering ram efforts to thrust
back the allies' lines and reach Calais,
their failure will constitute a distinct
victory for. the allies. It is asserted,
because the allies have not tried to ac
complish anything more than to hold
their own on the defensive.
Petrograd reports that the Russian
campaign, is developing favorably in
East Prussia. From other sources it
is reported the Inhabitants of that
country are beginning to flee before
the menace of a second -invasion. On
the Polish frontier and in Galicia two
enormous armies are massing for a
battle which may decide the fortunes
of the war in the east.
Rome announced yesterday that Ven
ice had heard that Cracow, capital of
Galicia, is burning, and that the in
habitants are fleeing.
. The fate of tho war depends now,
says Colonel Fayler, an eminent Swiss
military writer, essentially on the re
serves of men that the armies are able
to bring up, and in this respect, accord
ing to military opinion, Germany ap
pears to be in a state of Inferiority. Not
only does the Russian offensive prevent
Oermany from transferring men from
the eastern to the western front, but
troops that are now being Instructed
in the interior will necessarily be sent
against the Russians.
It also is pointed out that Germany
has to operate on fronts totalling near
ly 1000 miles with 25 active army corps.
while the allies have at their disposal
23 army cocps for a lino less than hall
as long. Thus from the point of view
of available troops, it is argued, the
comparison is unfavorable to the Ger
Prince Dolgoroukof f, in an article in
a Moscow newspaper, demands vainly
the liberation of Russian Jews from
Constantinople denies the allegation
of the triple -entente powers that Tur
key intends a violation of the interna
tional character of the Suez Canal.
The Russians near Koprukeui. In
Trans-Caucasia, lost 8000 men in killed
aud wounded. Berlin reports. The Turks
took &00 Russian prisoners and cap
tured 10.000 rifles and large quantities
of ammunition. The Turks are advanc
ing on Batun, tbe Germans say.
A word of caution to the allies
comes from Petrograd. This is that
they must not expect the Russians to
sweep on to Berlin overnight, as it
were, as their advance may take
months and even longer.
The Germans occupy the defenses
they have been preparing for years and
in addition to this they may be able
to spare even more men for the op
eration on their eastern front.
In East Prussia, the Russian for
ward movement seems to continue, and
it is said that the Russian generals are
imposing on the captured towns fines
In proportion to those levied by the
Germans on the cities of Belgium.
These lines correspond with the popu
lation of the town taken.
The British operations against the
Turks have spread the conflagration
to the southern entrance of the Red
Sea, where Indian troops, assisted by
British warships, have taken a Turkish
fort. In the Caucasus, tne Russians
and the Turks are still at grips, both
sides claiming victories.
The spy agitation in England again
has flared up. Today all persons
leaving London for the Continent must
depart from a designated railroad sta
tion, where the person and the bag
gage of every traveler is subject to a
search for maps and drawings and
anything else that might be Intended
for the use of the enemy.
GERMANS SALUTE THE DEAD
Appreciation by Press Expressed
Over Lord Robert's Death.
BERLIN. Nov. 16 (via Amsterdam
and London. 7:43 A. M.) The Lokal
Anzieger, in an editorial on the death
Lord Roberts the whole German press
of Lord Roberts, says:
"On the occasion of the death ot
expresses itself, alike, appreciatively
about the fallen enemy. Even in war
moments occur when the fighter sa
lutes the enemy with the saber Instead
of striking him with It. Such a mo
ment has arisen with the departure of
Rain of Stee! Halted
Along Battle Line.
ALLIES BEAT BACK GERMANS
British Fight Fiercely in
SNOWS IN V0SGES HEAVY
French Hussars Stuff Cniforms With
Straw, Attach Them to Horses
Driven Into Enemy's Linos.
Conp Wins Prisoners.
LONDON, Nov. 17. 20 A. M Tele
graphing from Dunkirk. France, the
correspondent of the Daily Mall sayss
"There was heavy fighting around
Ypres Mondny. The casualties were
large but the battle resulted in excel
lent progress for the allies.
"The German casualties are esti
mated at lOO.OOO In the past four days."
PARIS. Nov. 16. The usual hall of
steel and the surging of armies in
Northern France and Belgium seemed
to have met with obstacles today, for
the roar of cannon was less violent
and the troops scarcely came in con
tact with each other.
It is generally believed here that
new inundations started by the . Bel
gians put many of the German guns
out of action and also prevented the
movements of troops.
It is almost impossible to gain an ac
curate insight into the prodigious
action that is stretching over the 300
mile front and at the ends of which
the fighting has been extremely severe
during tbe last three weeks. The con
tinuous night marches and attacks
made by the Germans which have
been met by counter attacks from the
allies near Dlxmude and Ypres, how
ever, are said to have resulted in a
considerable thrusting back of the
Encounters Now Hand-to-Hsnd.
A coal basin in Northern France,
which is partly ocoupied by the Ger
mans, has been the scene of
heavy fighting. The long lines of
small houses belonging to the miners
now form a capital shelter for the in
fantry who frequently are engaged In
These combats of cold steel have seen
the British infantry engaged against
the Prussian guards, and descriptions
of the fighting from the front paint
the encounters as terrible. The Prus
sians fought three deep the front rank
lying down, the second rank kneeling,
and the third rank standing rect. The
British fire, it is said, caused an awful
slaughter, and finally when the Brit
ish charged with the bayonet before
tho Germans could bring their machine
guns into action, hundreds of men fell.
The Blego operations along the re
mainder of tho line find the troops of
both sides' apparently immobile. But
the allies continue dally their work of
sapping and approaching the German
positions, and there is said to be the
possibility of a general assault at any
Snow Kali Heavy.
Heavy falls of snow in the Vosges
Mountains, lasting more than 24 hours,
have made tho movement of artillery
most difficult. The fighting there is
almost at a standstill.
Reports from the front tell of a bril
liant feat of a British infantry detach
ment of eighty men who were cut off
at night from their command and took
refuge in a wood during a fog. The
wood was surrounded by Germans., At
dawn the British heard the French at
tacking and decided to charge with the
bayonet at the rear of the Germans,
of whom they captured 400, it ia said.
A regiment of French Hussars near
Ypres stuffed a number of uniforms
with straw and attached them to
wounded horses. These they drove into
the German lines. While tho Germans
were firing at the dummies on horse
back, it is said the Hussars charged
their flank and took a large number
SNOW ANKLE DEEP IX FLANDERS
Trench Warfare Xow Is Becoming
Greater Ordeal Daily.
LONDON. Nov. 16. The armies of
the allies and of Germany remain
deadlocked In West Flanders today
along the battle line where the snow
is ankle deep with the prospect of
further intermittent artillery duels and
infantry clashes which for morn than
a month have been swinging back and
forth without definite result.
The snow and the generally adverse
weather conditions will make neces
sary more fiequent shifts of men in
the trenches and there will be more
sickness, especially lung and throat
affections. In short, trench warfare,
already laborious and exhausting, daily
will uecome a greater ordeal.
The Germans have not abandoned
their attempt to reach the French
coast towns, and yet tlrey have not
Today according to the claims of the
allies, tbe Germans are back on the
right bank of the Yser, having been
forced to release their grip on points
on the left bank held so stubbornly
by them last week.
In the meantime, the Germans are
putting the finishing touches to the de
fenses stretching in row after row
(Concluded on Pag 4)