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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 21, 1914)
VOL. LTV. NO. 16,819.
PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
GERMANS FAIL TO
GAIN NEAR COAST
French Marines Active
in' Day's Fighting.
ATTACKS ARE MADE IN FOG
Strong Position Is Taken at
. Point of Bayonet.
ARTILLERY FIRE WEAKENS
At One Point French Mine Ground
Before Being Driven. Out and
j Three Battalions Arc Anni
hilated hy Explosion.
" DUNKIRK, via London. Oct. 21. The
newspaper Nord Maritime says that the
allies have driven 5000 Germans out
cf Burses and that the allies are now
FROM THE BATTLE FRONT, via
Paris, Oct. 20. The German invaders
are meeting a vigorous resistance in
their effort to shorten their lines and
rest their right wing -farther south
westward on the English Channel.
-Much of the fighting is being done in
the obscurity of fogs.
French marines yesterday gave a
good account of themselves. German
troops tried a surprise attack on the
marines Sunday, but the French force
held the field works against superior
numbers. The fight lasted all day and
then the Germans contented themselves
with cannonading the position of the
Marines Use Bayonets.
A thick fog covered the entire region
Monday and the marines, accustomed to
such weather conditions, crept toward
the German trenches. "No shooting."
was the order, "us the bayonet.".
The marines got within 30 feet of
the. trenches before they were seen.
Their coming was heralded too late for
the defenders, who were bayoneted in
the trenches and as they ran. Four
hundred German,. prisoners were taken.
One of the places where the French
had been most harassed Is nearer the
elbow of the western lines. The im
portant position there had been taken
and retaken frequently during the last
three weeks. Every time the Germans
had been obliged to abandon the po
sition they returned in greater force
and pushed back the French by weight
French Mine Ground aid Retire.
' The French took the position for
the twelfth time and held it 10 hours.
Then came a shock of the human bat
tering ram and the French gradually
gave way. The Germans began fortify
ing the place, but while they were en
gaged in this task, the earth heaved
and there was a deafening explosion.
The 10 hours the French had held the
point had been sufficient to mine- every
rod of the ground. It is estimated that
three German battalions were annihi
lated. The strength of the German position
north of Iloye, which facilitated their
movements toward Lille, is explained
by the fact that they were occupying
an unfinished canal extending as far
as RoiscL The Germans found' in the
deep, broad cutting . magnificent en
trenchments, in which they had only
to install batteries of artillery.
Intensity of Fire Diminishes.
Officers of the allies say they have
noted that only about 40 per cent of
the shells from these guns explode.
They also say that the prodigality of
the fire from them apparently has de
pleted the Germans' supply of ammu
nition, as the intensity of the fire
lately has diminished.
The French artillerymen are so care
ful in getting tnelr ranges that they
wasto few shells. In an artillery duel
near Armentieres the Germans fired
for half a day into thickets that had
been abandoned some time before.
"When the French 3-inch guns finally
got the range 12 shells from them si
lenced the German battery.
(;ekmax attacks repulsed
Prls Report Says Belgian Army Has
PARIS, Oct. 30. German attacks
along the entire front were every
where repulsed today, according to the
i rench of ficia.1 statement issued to
rtlpht. The text follows:
"The day has been characterized by
an effort on the part of the Germans
along all parts of the front, to the ex
treme north, where the Belgian army
has held remarkably; at La Bassee,
where the German troops have at
tempted an offensive movement of par
ticular violence; to the north of Arras,
at Mametz. between Peronne and Al
bert; at Vauquons, to the east of the
Argonne, and finally on the heights of
me Meuse ana in the region of Cham
The earlier official report today was
"In Belgium, in spite of violent at
tacks on the part of the enemy, the
Belgian army has held its position on
the line cf the River Yser.
"There have been other actions in
the region of l pres. between the- al
lied forces operating in this territory
and the rorces of the enemy.
"Onour left wing the Germans con
tinue to hold strongly their advance
posts around Lille in the direction of
Armentieres. Fumes and La Bassee.
AMSTERDAM. Oct. 20. The official
report issued at Berlin today said:
"The Germans advancing along the
coast from Ostend met hostile forces
at the Yser River, near Nleuport, where
tJoncluded on Fan
AMSTERDAM, Oct. 20, Via London.
The Handelsblad has published a dis
patch which declares that Prince Wol-
rad Frederick: Waldeck Pmnomt, half
brother of Emma, Dowager ftneea of
the Netherlands, has been killed on
the westers war front, while engaged
LONDON, Oct. 20. "The aviation
problem Is being handled wonderfully
by the German forces,9 snys a Gernu
official wireless dispatch from Berlin,
received by the Marconi Company to
night. "Tie aeroplane work of the
French is not to he compared with
ours. So far the. Germans have de
stroyed, on an average, one aeroplane
WASHINGTON', Oct. SO. Calla for
additional - medical and inrrlcal . sup
plies reached the State Department to
day from American- Red Cross officers
in France, Russia and Servlsu It was
announced, that further . shipments of
the articles needed would be started In
a fevr days to the Fetrorrad, Paris aad
Belgrade units of the Red Cross.
VENICE, Oct, 20, via Paris Accord
tag to advices reaching Venice, the
Austrian ministry of agriculture has
given orders that no calves under six
months be slaughtered without th
consent of the local authorities. This
measure is taken on account of the
shortage of the hef supply.
LONDON, Oct. SO. In a dispatch
from Rotterdam the correspondent of
the Evening News declares that the
German marines are leaving Antwerp
to rejoin the German fleet and that the
German ships at Kiel are being ex.
AMSTERDAM, via London, Oct. 20.
The Telegraf publishes today a dispatch
cernlng the lighting October 18, In
which the correspondent says 30,000
Germans occupied - the coast between
Ostend and Nteuport and dug trenches
along the dykes from Mlddelkerke to
VENICE, via Paris, Oct. 20. Accord
lng to the Fester Lloyd, a Budapest
newspaper, grain prospects in Austria
are better than In any other country in
the world. The Gadasgl JUapok, the
oldest Hungarian agricultural Journal,
declares farmers who are holding back
their stores of grain are traitors to the
BERLIN, Oct. 20. The Imperial
Chancellor, Dr. Von Be.thmann-Holl
weg, speaking at headquarters today
to Conrad Hauesmann, a member of
the Reichstag;, praised the attitude of
the public and troops, which, he said.
not only demonstrated, but proved,
the unity of the nation. The spirit of
the troops along the entire west front.
as the Imperial Chancellor had per-
sonally ascertained, was everywhere
LONDON, Oct. 21. A dispatch to the
Renter Telegram Company from Staven
ger, Norway, says the British steamer
Glltera, of Leith, was sank today 12
miles otr the Norwegian coast by a Ger
LONDON, Oct. 21. The Dally Mall's
Rotterdam correspondent says three
Zeppelin airship sheds are being built
nt Brussels and four at Antwerp. The
correspondent adds that bridges have
been erected over the River Men
between Liege and Vise, preparing
way for a German retreat.
ROUMANIAN PLOT CHARGED
Secret Society In Interests of Ger
many Said to Exist,
PETROGRAD, Oct. 20. The Ministry
of the Interior reports it receives infor
mation that there exists in Roumania
a secret society controlled by Germany,
the purpose of which is" to influence
public opinion through the press. The
society is said to have a capital of
The Ministry of the Interior says
also that devastation followed the Aus
trian Invasion of the Russian govern
ments of Lublin and Kholm. In these
governments 4250 houses were burned
with u loss of $1,500,000.
AUSTRIAN GENERAL ILL
Removal Prom Command Due - to
Complications Prom Cold, He Says.
VENICE, Oct. 20, via Paris. General
Auffer.burg. removed from the com
mand of the Third Austrian army, has
explained in an interview published in
the Este Sag, of Budapest, that he
caught a severe cold, which" was fol
lowed- by intestinal trouble and that
as a consequence' his command was
given to another officer.
GeneraJ Auffenburg is now at home
awaiting the final decision of the Em
peror in his case.
BRIGHTON BARS GERMANS
Austrian Subjects Also Ordered Out
by- Chier Constable.
LONDON, Oct. 20. The chief con
stable of Brignton has ordered all Ger
man and Austrian subpjects to leave
that town within a few days. No ex
ceptions will be made.
Brighton has a large colony of for
eigners and many of the hotels there
are either owned by foreigners or
their staffs are made up of them. Nu
merous Germans who were discharged
from the London hotels last week have
moved to the south coast resorts.
1012 MORE OFFICERS LOST
British Casualty Lists Show Royal
Mnnster Fusiliers Suffer Worst.
LONDON, Oct. 20. A casualty list ot
non-commissioned officers under date
of September 17, just issued, reports 95
wounded and 900 missing, of whom
more than 600 belonged to the Royal
Another casualty list dated October
16 and October 1S reports five officers
killed, and 12 wounded. -
GUAM S NEIGHBORS
ISLANDS SMALL BUT FERTILE
Territory Acquired by Germany
in 1899 From Spain.
MOVE IS STRATEGIC ONE
Washington Points Out That Japan
Is Following Previously Deter
mined Policy for Protec
tion of Shipping.
TOKIO, Oct. 20 The navy depart
ment has announced the occupation, for
military purposes, of strategically lm
portant islands in the Marianne (or La
drone) Marshall, East Caroline and
West Caroline archipelagos.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 20. At the Japa
nese embassy today it was pointed out
tbat the occupa Jon of important islands
in the Marianne group was only in line
with Japan's previously-announced In
tention to do what she deemed neces
sary to protect her own shipping and
that of her allies from German cruisers.
Previous announcement has been
made of the occupation by Japan of
islands in the Marshall and Caroline
groups. The occupation of islands in
the Marianne or Ladrone group has not
heretofore been reported.
Group Includes Gnam.
The Marianne Islands lie directly east
of Luzon and about 1700 miles from
Manila. In this group is the Island of
Guam, which was acquired by the
United States in 1S98. Here the United
States maintains a small military force
and there is a cable station on the line
between Manila, Honolulu and San
Francisco. The Marianne group is
about EOO miles south of the Boenin
Islands, which belong to Japan. The
total area of the Mariannes Is about 420
square miles. Most of them are densely
wooded and all are described as fertile
The climate is temperate and salu
brious. , -
Yap's Capture Still Unconfirmed
With the exception of Guam, all the
islands in this group were sold by Spain
to Germany in 1S99, and form part of
a government district of German New
It was announced from Tokio October
6 that the Japanese squadron sent to
destroy the German fleet in the South
Seas had landed bluejackets at Jaluit
Island, the seat of government in -the
Marshall archipelago, annexed by Ger
many in 1S86. The Marshalls are in
the South Pacific about midway between
the Philippines and Hawaii. Jaluit
(Concluded on Page 3.)
WHY IS IT THAT THESE TWO ALWAYS COME DOWN
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 60
decrees; minimum. 4S.9 degrees.
TODAY'S Occasional rains, variable winds.
Belgian refugees present serious problem.
Japan occupies Islands near Guam. Page 1.
Germans fail to make gains near coast.
Austrian report successes at several points.
American Ambassador gets Kngllsnmen
above 55 yeajrs out ot Germany, rage
Formal action to dissolve Steel Corporation
began. . Page 3. ,
Wilson and Tsft Urge legal reforms before
bar. association. Page .L. .
Coast League results: Portland 6, San Fran
cisco O; Los Angeles i. v en ice
land Q. Mission 5 Page 16.
Bexdek. shifts varsity team players. Page 1.
Portland has, pennant -practically won.
Judge Cleeton not a circuit judge. Supreme
Court decides.' Page 6. -
Commercial and Marine
Lower butter prices are expected in local
market. Page Itl.
Chicago wheat declines, owing to large of
ferings by farmers. - Page -1.
Conferences at Washington may lead to re
opening of financial exchanges, rage x.
Steel tariffs cut again on via canal ship
ments. Page t.
Survevor savs steamer Santa Catallna may
be rebuilt, fire loss being estimated at 40
per cent. Page 8.
Portland and Vicinity-.
One hundred and fifty' xiewsboys are in
apple-eating contest. Page 14.
Portland and vicinity use 2.S36.0OO apples on
Apple Day. Page 1J.
Council cuts 1 158s 000 from estimates of ex
penditures for police bureau for 1914.
Mrs. Vaughn, famous cook, adds dash of
advice as she makes cakes and salads
before 1700 women. Page 14.
Mr. Booth to be here Friday; West may
. debate. Page 21.
Recall election ballots Issued despite man
damus suit to compel change In form
Defense In arson case admits fire was In
cendiary and sets forth alibi for man
accused. Page S.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 21.
GERMANS TO SHIP SUGAR
Beet Crop Expected to Produce Min
imum of 2,500,000 Tons.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 20 Germany
will permit the shipment of raw sugar
to neutral countries. American Consul
Donegan at Madgeburg, Germany, has
so advised the State Department. He
says from 150,000 to 200,000 metric tons
of raw sugar is now available and ap
proximately 900,000 metric tons will be
Mr. Donegan advises the use of
American vessels for cargoes. The Ger
man beet crop, ha reports, is expected
to produce a minimum of 2.000.000 tons
of raw sugar. ,
DOYLE IS LUCKY AT LAST
Always Unlucky, Cliicagoan Tries
Suicide but Engine Saves Him.
CHICAGO, Oct. 20. John Doyle had
Just celebrated his 50th birthday with
out ever having any luck.
Today he decided to end his life, he
was so tired of being unlucky. He tied
one end of a clothes line around his
neck, the other end around -.the rails
of the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific
Road at the Seventy-third-street via
duct. Then he squirmed between the ties,
perpared to drop to his death, when a
switch engine came along and. cut the
Million and Half Are
WORK, NOT CHARITY, WANTED
Week's Arrivals in London Es
timated at 100,000.
EDITOR MOVES PAPER
Journal Published Successively in
Brussels, Ghent and Ostend to
Bo Printed In London Peo
ple Mostly Destitute.
LONDON. Oct 20. The plight of the
Belgian people, both at home and in
Holland. England and France, is stir
ring the hearts and minds already dis
traught by the horrors of war.
Figures are necessarily vague, but
a conservative estimate is that 1,500.000
Belgians, out of la popluaUon of 7,000,
000. have been expatriated. Lord
Gladstone's committee says 70,000 ar
rived in London during the last' week
and the women's relief committee,
which sent a ship to Holland last
week, reports - that in eight cities of
Holland the refugees number nearly
500,000; in other words, they are more
numerous than the native poplation.
Many Gentle Folic Among Number.
The Folkestone committee alone has
the names of 16,000 refugees on its
lists, some among them having little
money and only a few having Winter
Folkestone already has established
a maternity home and two hospitals.
There are many gentlefolk among
these fugitive Belgians who are not
used to labor and who accept charity
Alexandria Palace is being used as
the central point for the committee
work. Lady McDowell and Lady Era
mott head committees for collecting
clothing ' for which work is done by
Belgian wounded are scattered In
British hospitals. Their whereabouts
has-been registered and this Informa
tion is available at the Grand Hotel in
Belgian Paper Moved to London.
The editor of the Independence
Beige, of Brussels, is now in London.
His paper has been published success
ively in Ghent and Ostend. and it will
shortly appear in the British capital
This man, speaking of the Belgian
"There are perhaps today 2,000,000
Belgians outside the borders of their
country. It is doubtful which are the
better off those outside or those in-
( Concluded on Pace 3.)
THE ROAD TOGETHER?
Tuesday's War Moves
FIGHTING of the most desperate char
acter is in progress in West Flan
ders and Northwestern France. The Bel
gian army, supported by the allies, is
holding: stubbornly to the line of the
River Ysej- and thus far has success
fully halted determined efforts ot the
Germans to advance along the coast.
This is announced in the French of
ficial communication and is admitted
in the report of German general head
quarters, which says fighting has been
going on since Sunday in the vicinity
of Nieuport, which stands at the cross
ing of the river near the sea.
A little further to the south the al
lies are attempting to advance toward
Lille for the relief of that city, which
has been in German hands for some time.
They also are pushing on to the north
and south of Arras. Their efforts yes
terday to advance on Lille, where the
Germans hold strong positions, were re
pulsed, according to the German re
To the Southward, at the bend of the
line, the Germans continued to make
furious but futile attempts to break the
French line. Along the Meuse in the
East, according to the French account.
the Germans have failed to repulse the
French troops, who debouched along
the territory in which is situated the
Camp des Romaines, now in the hands
of the Germans, in an attempt to cut
out that portion of the German army
which is thrust toward St. MihleL
Generally speaking the French de
clare they have made some detailed
progress at some points along the
front. Paris reports that the allies have
destroyed 15 German machine guns.
two of which were armored, near La
Bassee, and a battery of German heavy
artillery in the environs of St. Mlhiel.
Both sides are bringing reinforce
ments to the Western front, where one
of the supreme struggles of the war is
on. The Germans are not bringing new
troops from the East, but are throwing
every available man in Belgium into
the firing line. They seem to have the
railroads working well, although these
must have been seriously damaged dur
ing the battles of August and SeDtem-
ier. Troops are being transported over
them and Dutch sources report that
train after train of wounded is being
taken Dack to Germany. In the fight
ing in this open country where the
men have not the protection of elabor
ate entrenchments such as they have on
the Alsne, the losses must be exceed
ingly heavy, especially where endeavors
are made to carry positions by assault.
German and Russian reports agree
that the situation in the east has no
changed, although the rmii i.
touch along the East Prussian frontier
ana across Poland and Galicia. In Gal
icia. . however, the Austrians claim to
have repulsed Russian attacks and to
be making progress in their campaign
to drive out the invaders.
The Russians, on the other hand, say
uiey are making large numbers of nris
oners.. Heavy fighting still is going
on around Przemysl and the cupolas
of the forts surrounding the town are
said by an Italian correspondent to
have been destroyed by the big Russian
siege guns, while the forts have been
mined and dismantled and the maga
zines blown up. The town Itself, how
ever, has not been damaged.
The same . correspondent says the
battle continues on the Vistula, San and
Dniester rivers. There is a system of
great entrenchments on the Russian
side and the entire front is furnished
with powerful guns, which day and
night hurl thousands of projectiles into
the enemy's lines. The Austrians and
Germans, adds the correspondent, have
been obliged to remain on the defen
sive, but havo repulsed a great cav
alry attack to the west of Warsaw.
Sarajevo, the Bosnian capital, accord
ing to a report issued at Nish, is com
pletely enveloped by Servians and de
termined efforts are being made to
take the town before the end of the
trial of the alleged assassins ot the
Austrian heir. Archduke Francis Ferdi
nand, whose murder started the war.
In South Africa. rh rhllinn nf Pnln .
nel Martiz has been virtually broken
up. Another lot of officers and men
have been captured, while others have
surrendered voluntarily to the African
Italy has issued an official denial of
the report so often circulated that she
had occupied Avlona, the Adriatic port
of Albania. The news from Italy hows
that the Italian people are growing
more antagonistic to the Austrians be
cause the Italian fishing industry has
been interrupted by Austrian mines In
the Adriatic and because the service
of many steamship lines has been sus
pended for the same reason.
Sweden has ordered all lights on her
coast extinguished so that they cannot
be of use to the navies of the bellig
The food shortage in Belgium is
growing more serious and efforts are
being made by American officials to
hurry relief to Brussels, where the
need is greatest.
FARMER TOLD 'RAISE HOGS'
St. Louis Man Tells Meat Packers
Prices Will Increase.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 20. Wealth will
come more quickly to the young
farmer who embarks in the business
of raising hogs than any other branch
of farming be may choose. E. T. Cash,
of St. Louis, made this assertion today
before 700 members ot the American
Meat Packers' Association attending
the ninth annual convention.
There is more money in raising hogs
than in other branches of farming, Mr.
Cash said, because - they can be fed
more cheaply and the demand in the
markets of. the world is daily increas
ing and will continue to increase. High
prices, be asserted, will prevail indefinitely.
BY AUSTRIAN FORGE
Victories East of Przem
STUBBORN FIGHTING ENSUES
Struggle Between Armies Con
tinues on River San.
NIGHT ATTACK IS MADE
United Cavalry Column of Germany
and Austria Said to Have Re
pulsed Hostile Cavalry In
MANCHESTER, Mass.. Oct. 20 Dr.
Konstant ' Dumba, Austro-Hungarlan
Ambassador, made public tonight the
following message from Count Leopold
Berchtold. Austro-Hungarlan Minister
of Foreign Affairs.
"The battle east of Chyrow and
Przemysl has brought us more great
successes. The fighting near Mizyniez
was the most stubborn. The heights of
Magiera,' until now in the hands of the
enemy, and an obstacle in our advance,
were carried by our troops after heavy
Fighting Is Continuous;
"North of Mizyniez we came within
storming distance of the Russians, and
east of Przemysl we nearly reached
"On the southern battle wing the
continued attack of the Russians,
chiefly directed against the heights
southwest of Stry and Sambor. were
repulsed. In Stry and in the Amstica
Valley our troops advanced under con
tinued fighting and engaged in a
struggle with the enemy on the banks
of the River San. The Russians con
tinued their attacks on. our forces on
the eastern bank after nightfall, but
it was a complete failure.
Russian Cavalry- Repulsed.
"In Russian Poland the united
cavalry forces of Germany and Austria
Hungary repulsed a big hostile cavalry
column which was attempting to make
progress west of Warsaw."
PETROGRAD, Oct. 20. An official
announcement dated October 19 has
been given out by the general staff of
the commander-in-chief of the Russian
forces as follows:
"There has been no further change
in the general situation. - The Russians
are in contact with the enemy at vari
ous places, and there has been fight
ing on the River Zoura at Stry, in
Galicia, and in East Prussia.
"To the south ot Przemsyl the Rus
sians continue to take prisoners in
large numbers. An entire Austrian
battalion with all the officers and ma
chine guns surrendered to us."
BRITONS FINDING WORK
Unemployment In Municipal Trades
Decreases 1.33 Per Cent.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 20. Marked im
provement in the unemployed situation
in Great Britain is indicated In official
reports made public tonight by the
British Embassy here. A statement
issued at the Embassy said:
"Unemployment in municipal trade3
in October was 4.46 per cent, compared
with 5.79 for September. These figures
are remarkable, since unemployment is
generally increased on the approach of
RUSSIA GLAD IT IS DRY
Russian Press Declares Ciar's . Act
Has Aided Bank Deposits.
PARIS, Oct- 20. A Petrograd dispatch
to the Havas agency says that the
Russian press is enthusiastic over the
declaration by the Russian Emperor
that the sale of alcohol by the govern
ment is forever forbidden in Russia.
. The Novoe Vremya cites as a happy
effect of the suppression of the sal
of liquor an increase in saving bank
deposits during September of 23,000,000
rubles tjll.500,000) over the same
month last year, in spite of the war.
SERBS DRIVE BACK FOES
Austrians Retire Before Heavy pire
In Region of Save.
PARIS. Oct, 40. A dispatch from Nish,
Servia, o the Havas Agency eays:
"In the region of the Save, near
Mitrovltsa, the enemy, after a brisk
artillery fire, attempted unsuccessfully
to capture the Servian position at Pre
Wet. From the heights of Dejamla
the Austrians bombarded Topzider and
the banks of the Save and the Danube,
and also sought to cannonade the vicin
ity of Semlin. but were forced to re
tire before the Servian fire."
Catltollc Union Lowers Age Limit.
ST. LOUIS. Oct. 20. The age limit
for women members of the Western
Catholic Union today was lowered to
16 years and raised to 50. The former
limits for women were 18 and 45. The
change is expected to increase the mem
bership. Tne supreme council of the
union was instructed to tak steps for
the institution of industrial Insurance.