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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 22, 1914)
VOL. LTV. NO. 16,820.
PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY. OCTOBER 22, 1914.
PRICE - FIVE CENTS.
Bombardment of Germans
Reported in Berlin..
BELGIAN ARMY AGGRESSIVE
King Albert's Men, in Fine
Fighting Fettle, Force,
Enemy Back 5 Miles.
BATTLE HEAVY NEAR LILLE
Street Engagements, Particu
larly Around La Basse, of
LONDON, Oct. 21. "It is reported
that Ostend is being bombarded by
the British fleet," says a dispatch
from Berlin received here tonight by
the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Com
FROM THE BATTLE FRONT, via
Paris, Oct. 21. Despite the bombard
ment of the allies' positions by the
German heavy artillery, the Belgian
army today forced the invaders to
retire nearly five miles.
Belgians Pull of Fight.
King Albert's forces with the Eng
lish channel on their extreme wing
are showing a marvelous fighting
spirit despite their long, hard cam
paign and grief over the loss of Ant
werp and other large cities. -
In the terrific open struggle which I
has been in progress along the fron
tier for Beveral days, the Belgians,
with the allied French and British,
have repelled with the greatest en
ergy incessant German attacks.
On the Lys, the French were closely
engaged with general success. Three
French sharpshooters performed a
brilliant feat in defending a bridge,
the possession of which was of the
greatest strategical importance to
German Cavalry Driven Back.
The Germans made a cavalry dash
in an effort to sieze the passage, but
the Frenchmen behind a mill 75 yards
away poured their magazine fire into
the Germans until the latter retired,
leaving the bridge in the hands of
Around Lille, where the British are
in action, there has been fierce fight
ing, particularly in the neighborhood
of La Bassee, which threatens the
German possession of Lille. Street
fighting has been very severe between
the long lines of houses connecting
the sister towns of Roubaix and Tour
coing. In a bakery one of the Ger
man troopers was found in an oven
Artillery Duel Continues.
Along the center the artillery action
continued today without great change,
but several of the men in the trenches
AMSTERDAM, Oct. 21 (via Lon
don.) The Telegraaf learns from
Sluis that the allies were successful
after a bombardment of Rouleres in
ATest Flanders that lasted through
Tuesday night. It is reported that
the allies now occupy that town.
The Telegraaf correspondent says
that 40,000 Germans last week occu
pied Roulers and later marched to
Nieuport and Dixmude to strengthen
the Cienuau army in that section. A
guard of only about 100 men was left
to hold the town.
Houlers Betaken by Allies.
On Sunday 200 French dragoons
from Ypres appeared and chased the
German guard out of Roulers, where
the dragoons took possession. Sev
eral thousand reinforcements soon
came up and built barricades in the
streets and posted artillery.
A German force hastily dispatched
from Bruges and Ghent later swept
down on the town and heavy fighting
followed, the French being forced to
retreat. Once again the Germans oc
cupied the town and burned many
iConcluded oa Psse l
BERLIX, Oct 21, by vrlrelrss via Say
vUIe, X. Y. The Ucrau government
bas Informed the American Embassy
that It has no objection to the Importa
tion of provisions for Belgian, civilians.
LONDO.V, Oct. 21. The British steam
er Ortega, of the Pacific Unc, reported
sank In Southern waters by the Ger
man cruiser Leipzig, has arrived at Liv
erpool. The Ortega was fired on Sep
tember 19 by the Leipzig, bat received
no damage. She left Valparaiso Sep
OTTAWA, Oat, Oct. 21. Reports to
headquarters from the various divi
sional centers Indicate that already the
greater portion of the 16,600 Infantry
requirement of Canada's next contin
gent of troops have been recruited.
MONTREAL, Oct. 21. American citi
zens in Montreal are supplying funds
to send two armored motorcars to the
front with the Canadian troops. The
machines will be manned by American
crews of eight men each.
LONDON, Oct. 21. -A dispatch from
Athens to the Exchange Telegraph
Company says two . submarines and
some aeroplanes are en ronte to Con
stantinople and probably will pass
through Rutsehuk, on the ' northern
frontier of Bulgaria,
BERLIN, via The Hague and London,
Oct. 21 The ermaa government has
decided to extend the bUI prohibiting
payments to Englishmen or English
firms to France and also to the French
colonies and protectorates.
TDK HAGUE, via London, Oct. 21.
A dispatch from Copenhagen says the
last words of King Charles of Rouma
nla weret "Save the Fatherland, but do
not shed blood.
THE HAGUE, via London, Oct. 21.
Cardinal Mercler, archbishop of M alines,
who took, refuge In Holland some weeks
ago, has returned to bis native city.
He has advised all Catholic refugees
to follow his example. The Nleuwe Rot
derdamsche Courant declares that 20,
OOO Belgian refugees passed through
Rosendaal on their way home during
the last two days.
LONDON, Oct 21. The correspondent
of the Times at Copenhagen learns
from German sources that airship sheds
are being constructed at Tondern, in
Schleswlg, and at Rostock, on the War-
now, near the Baltic Sea, in Mecklem-
LONDON, Oct. 21. "The steamer
Brussels reports that she saw the
steamer Cormorant, of Cork, sink in
the North Sea," says a dispatch to
Lloyd's from Harwich. It is supposed
she struck a mine. Her crew probably
was saved by a torpedo-boat, which was
seen to leave her.
ROME, via London, Oct. 21. "We
have found two auxiliary cruisers of
the enemy. One sank herself. The other
we captured, says a statement received
from Tokio by the Japanese Embassy-
in Rome tonight.
PARIS, Oct. " The Austrian Gen
eral, Bruderman, the defender of Lem
berg, has been deprived of his com
mand and ordered court-martialed, ac
cording to a dispatch to the Havas
Agency from Rome.
TOKIO, Oct. 22, 10 A. M. A special
dispatch received here from Sascbo
says the Japanese, In their recent raids
on the German islands In the South
Seas, destroyed the German military
equipment. They seized $250,000 in
gold and also ammunition and rifles.
Ten officials on each of the captured
Islands surrendered to the Japanese.
PETROGRAD, Oct. SI (via London).
By order of the Russian Emperor the
students of the universities and high
schools have been called to the colors.
These youths are ordinarily exempt
from war service.
LONDON, Oct. 21. Turkey has noti
fied the powers that warships have
been forbidden in the Gulf of Smyrna.
The Inhabitants there have feared an
attack by the English-French fleet, and
the notification is regarded as an action
against the allies.
LONDON, Oct. 22. -The payment on
the war loan today (Wednesday) ex
ceeded 00O,O0O,O0O, says a dispatch to
the Renter Telegram Company,, from
BELGE PRINTED IN LONDON
Exiled Newspaper Appears for Bene
fit of Refugees.
LONDON, Oct. 21. L'lndependente
Beige, the foremost newspar of Bel
Slum, published in Brussels and later
in Ostend, made its initial appearance
in London today chiefly for the benefit
of the thousands of Belgians marooned
The Issue carries a letter from Prime
Minister Asquith, who says he hopes
that before long the paper again will
be published in Brussels and that the
valiant Belgian people once more will
be restored to their own country In
full enjoyment of the freedom for
which they made such splendid sac
rifices. Gas Hearing Set for Wednesday
SALEM. Or.. Oct. 21. (Special.) The
State Railroad Commission announced
today that the hearing of the petition
of the Portland Gas & Coke Company
for a reduction of the gas standard
fixed by the commission would be held
in Portland next Wednesday. The com
pany alleges that the standard is high
er than is necessary and if enforced
will reduce Its revenue greatly.
Murder Jury Disagrees.
MEDFORD, Or., Oct 21. (Special.)
The Jury in the Federal Court hearing
the case of Jim George, accused of the
murder of Peter Brown last March,
failed to agree, after hours' deliber
ation, and was discharged this morn
ing. Seven held out for conviction and
five for acquittal, .
COMPACT IS AGAIN
DENIED BY BELGIUM
Aid Accepted Only After
"GREY, BOOK" IS GIYEN OUT
Intervention Offered by Britain
Only as Last Resort.
THREE NATIONS INCLUDED
Norway and Holland Also Informed
They Are Expected to Maintain
Neutrality and Defensive .
Alliance Is Proposed.
WASHINGTON, Oct 2L The Belgian
Legation made puDlic today a state
ment giving extracts from the Belgian
grey book. In order to controvert offi
cial German statements that documents
had recently been discovered at Brus
sels showing an alleged military agree
ment between England and Belgium
since' 1906. The statement says:
"The Belgian Legation has just re
ceived the copies of the grey book. It
is evident from these documents that
there has never existed any military
agreement between Belgium and Eng
land, either defensive or offensive, such
as the German government asserts to
have been in existence since 190 (.
British Demand Neutrality.
The following extracts from the grey
book speak for themselves:
"No. 28 Offer of Intervention by
England Note handed by Sir Francis
H. Villiers, British Minister, to 'the
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Belgium:
" "Brussels, August 4, 1914. I am
instructed to inform the Belgian gov
ernment that if Germany exercises
pressure for the purpose of compelling
Belgium to abandon her position of a
neutral country, the government of bis
Britannic Majesty expects Belgium to
resist by every possible means. The
government of his Britannic Majesty
is ready in that event to Join with
Russia and France, if desired by
Belgium, to offer to the Belgian gov
ernment, at once,' common action for
the purpose of resisting the use of
force by . Germany against Belgium
and at the same time to offer a guar
antee to maintain the Independence
and integrity of Belgium in the future.
Neutrality Alliance Offered.
"No. 37 Offer of England of an alli
ance with object of assuring the
neutrality of Belgium against the
pressure of Germany.
" London, Aug. 4, 1914. The Minister
for Foreign Affairs has informed the
British ministers in Norway, Holland
and Belgium, that Great Britain ex
pects that these three kingdoms will
Concluded on Pace 2. )
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
' The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, S7.T
decrees; minimum. 46.8- degrees.
TODAY'S I'alr; northerly winds.
Berlin reports British fleet Is bombard ln
Ostend. Pace 1.
Russians say Germans on roads to Warsaw
are retreztlnc. Pace 1.
Belclans present "cray book" to . show bo
compact with Britain existed prior to
war. Pace 1.
British setxe second American oil steam
ship; Qovernment protests to London.
Business reviving in France Face 2.
Berlin Mayor appeats to Mayor Mltcbel. of
New York, to dlstiay German war dis
patches. Pace 2.
Relatively few amputations noted In French
army hospitals. Pace 5.
Krupps said to ba building 60-centlmeter
guns for Germans. Page 2.
American commission will feed 700,000 Bel
gians. Pace X.
California prepares to Invite ' Belclan colo
nists. Pace 3.
"War tax bill screed on by conference.
Reserve bank governors vote to defer open
ing until November 30. Page 6.
Bankers present credit aspect of freight
rate increase, page 6.
Maid aays Mrs. Carman confessed firing shot.
Commercial and Marine.
All grains advance In local and interior
markets. Pace 19.
Wheat higher at Chicago on heavy export
buying. Pags 19.
German manufacturers baying cotton In
United States. Page 19.
New fire breaks out on steamer Santa Cut
anea. Pace 18.
Coast League results San Francisco 10.
Portland 3; Mission 3. Oakland 0; Los
Anceles 5, Venice 1. Page 14.
Oregon team will have hands full with Ida.
ho on Saturday. Page 14.
Northwestern hockey schedule to be decided
tonight. Page 14.
Columbia beats Academy; score 7 to 0.
Oregon City mill workers promise Withy-
combe support, rise 7.
Mr. Booth receives hearty welcome in East
ern Oregon. Page 16.
Portland and Vicinity.
Mrs. Vaughn tells women poor food is
cause of much crime. Page 19.
Stats to file suit to determine status of
Judge Cleeton and Commissioner Hol-
man. page zo.
Large attendance expected at Land Products
- Show. Page 13.
Adam Gill urges need of helping veterans
of Oregon crew to make canal cruise.
New films at moving-picture theaters are
stellar. Page IS.
Defense in arson case says prosecution's
star 1 witness set Albert home aiire.
Details for Booth-West debate Friday night
completed. Page 7. ,
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 19.
STEAMER GOES ASHORE
Itochelle Is Reported Burning Xted
Fire on Clatsop Spit.
s ASTORIA; Or, Oct.- Il.-Special.)
The steam schooner Rochelle went
ashore tonight on Clatsop Spit. She is
burning red fire to summon assistance.
Tugboats have been despatched to the
scene and both life-saving stations are
: The weather conditions at the - bar
are extremely rough.
Louis Dodge Not Indicted.
ASHLAND. Or.. Oct. 21. (Special.)
Jackson County grand Jury today tailed
to find a true bill against Louis Dodge,
of this city, who in August accidentally
shot his guide, Martin Oleson, at the
opening of the deer season, and was
held to grand jury at a Coroner's in
quest on a charge of involuntary man.
THEY KNOW HIM.
WE" KNOW'HIM ANt
W-s G-OOO EtiOUQwH
EflEMY 111 RETREAT
Army on Road to Warr,
saw Declared Rcou.
ENERGETIC ADVANCE BEGUN
Austrian Attempt to Cross
River San Checked.
FOE'S ACTIVITY SHOWN
Numerous Bodies South of Przemysl
Keep Russian forces Busy Bat
tle Line in East Prussia Is
6 7 Miles Long.
PETROGRAD, Oct. 2L The Russian
official statement Issued tonight says:
"The German troops which had occu
pled the roads leading to Warsaw In
the region north of the River Pilitza
have been repulsed and are now in full
retreat, leaving their wounded on the
"The Germans have abandoned the
positions they had fortified in advance
Rusalaas Continue Advaace.
"The Russian troops are-energetically
advancing along the whole front.
"The enemy Is still occupying the
left bank of the Vistula south of the
Pilitza and as far as Sandomir.
The Russians, who had been gal
lantly holding for eight days the region
of Kozenitz under most unfavorable
conditions and heavy artillery fire,
achieved considerable success on Oc
tober 20. and their position on the left
bank of the Vistula is now secured.
"The - attempts by the Austrians to
cross the River San below Frzemysl
have been checked and the Russians
are assuming the offensive there.
Remnants of Aasttians Found.
"In the region south of Przemysl
are found the remains of all the Aus
trian corps defeated In prior fights In
Galicla. Here the Russian troops are
energetically checking the advance of
numerous bodies of the enemy.
"There . is no essential change In
East Prussia. We are at - present in
touch with the enemy on a front cover
ing over 400 versts (about 267 miles)
from the Lower Bzoura to the slopes
of the Carpathian Mountains.
Rnsslaa Less of 40v000 Denied.
A statement regarding the assertion
that the Russian casualties around
Przemsyl exceeded 40,000 men was
made public today by the official news
agency. - It read:
"The German official communications
have adopted a policy of grossly exag
gerating the Russian losses. It Is an
nounced here that the records on this
subject are kept and from this it is
known that the Austrian announcement
(Concluded on Page 2.1
Wednesdays War Moves
FERCE attacks and counter attacks
delivered almost continuously for
a week or mora by the allies and Ger
mans have so fa failed to decide the
titanic battle In "West Flanders and
Nort h m . , fi V
..nana supreme effort is be-
to be directed against the allies'
eft, beyond Lille, while the movements
along the coast so far are believed to
be in the nature of a reconnaissance.
The French War Office declares that
the allies are everywhere holding their
ground, although especially violent at
tacks were made on their lines from
the North Sea as far as La Bassee.
At Lille the Germans hg.ld the two
Important roads out of that city one
northerly to Armentieres and the other
southerly to Fournes. They also have
occupied the bed of the partly finished
Grand Canal du Nord. which is 60 miles
long and gives complete protection for
the movement of vast bodies of troops.
This canal runs by Roye and Arras and
so far every effort of the allies to dis
lodge them has met with failure.
According to the Frond? communica
tion the Germans made attacks on the
allied lines today at Nieuport. Dixr-' j
and La Bassee. The German r jeral
staff declares fighting continues on the
Yser Canal and that the Germans, tak
lng the offensive west of Lille, have
repulsed the French at several points.
The Germans are believed to be
fighting under a great disadvantage.
especially. along the coast, because the
British ships which have been assisting
the allies', land forces have long-range
guns, capable of seriously menacing
German troops and men in the trenches
as well as the ammunition trains and
supply convoys, which must remain in
the immediate rear of the troops."
While no official Information is avail
able as to the ships which are being
used for this purpose, it is probable
that they are the three monitors which
were being completed In England for
the Brazilian government when the war
broke out and which were bought by
The vessels assisting the allies have
not been 'allowed to carry out their op
erations in peace, for German subma
rines have followed them down the
coast and a tacked them while they were
shelling German positions. These at
tacks, however, were made futile by the
presence of British destroyers. One
account says the submarines suffered
losses, but this statement has not been
The battles on land are being con
tested with fury and tenacity,, which
would indicate that strategic impor
tance is attached to the positions held
by the opposing armies. . When a town
is reached fighting generally develops,
such as took place at Ypres last
week. One side gains an advantage
only to lose it when the other side
brings up reinforcements.
Thus far the allies have been able to
hold Ypres, which is considered an im
portant point, as it supports the allied
force thrown out toward Roulers and
seemingly endangers the rear of the
German army advancing toward Dix
mude and the Coast.
The Germans are striking hard at the
French line in the vicinity of La Bassee
and have made counter attacks against
the force which for many days has been
endeavoring to relieve Lille.
Along the rest of the line from west
to east the French communication says
there is no notable change., The Ger
man staff also ignores that part of t.ie
battle front in its statement. These
reports doubtless mean that neither
side has made any considerable ad
vance. It is not believed that there has
been a cessation in the fighting either
on the Meuse, where the French are
trying to drive the Germans away from
St. Mlhlel and Camp des Romaines, or
at Belfort, which the Germans are at
tacking. Petrograd has lifted the veil that had
shrouded in mystery the operations in
the eastern scene of war- by announc
ing that the German troops menacing
Warsaw have been repulsed and are
now in retreat, leaving their wounded
on the battlefield. The official state
ment declares that, although the Ger
mans are still occupying the left bank
of the Vistula, south of the Pilitza and
as far as Sandomir, the Russian troops
are advancing along the whole front.
which is 267 miles in extent. The Ger
man report declares no decisive result
has been achieved in the fighting in
The report seems to show that the
Germans have concentrated a strong
force of artillery across the river from
the important fortress of tvangorod. It
adds that the Russians are holding this
district under most unfavorable con
ditions. Of the progress of the battles in Ga
licia, the Russian and Austrian reports
again are in direct conflict. The Rus
sians Bay the Austrians have failed to
cross the San River and that the Rus
sians are taking the offensive, while
near Przemysl the Russians repulsed
numerous bodies of Austrians. The
Austrians, on the other hand, say their
attacks are progressing and that the
Russians have been driven out of sev
eral places. It is thought possible here
that the Austria report refers to a
battle taking place further south of
Przemysl,. but that it must be part of
the general operations to get the Rus
sians out of Galicla and threaten their
The German cruiser Emden again
has been busy in Far Eastern waters
despite the capture last week of her
supply ships. She has sunk four
British steamers and a dredge and
captured two other vessels, the steam
ers Exford and Saint Ezbert. The
Saint Egbert was allowed to proceed
to Cochin. British India, with the pas
sengers and crews of the vessels the
Emden sank. The report of the opera
tions of the Emden did not say what
was done with the Exford.
The Servians again report success
for their arms over'the Austrian in the
sphere of operations in the south, -
AMERICANS TO FEED
Desperate Situation to
. Be Relieved.
CALIFORNIAN TAKES CHARGE
Innumerable Soup Kitchens In
cluded in Plan.
MORE SUPPLIES NEEDED
live Thousand Tons of Beans and
Peas, as 'Well as Wheat and Rice,
Called For Australia Sends
7000 Frozen Sheep.
LONDON. Oct. 22. An American com
mission headed by Herbert C. Hoover,
of California, will feed 700.000 Belgians
who are on the verge of starvation as
a result of the war in Europe.
An agreement to this effect has Just
been reached after weeks of diplomatic
negotiations in which Walter Hines
Page, the American Ambassador, acted
as 'ntesmediary between Belgium, Eng
land and Germany. Mr. Hoover has
been actlnjr as chairman of the Amer
ican relief committee in London. Mora
than $1,250,000 will be placed at his
disposal for the relief of the stricken
Germany Asaeata to Plaa.
Early in the negotiations regarding
means to relieve these people Ger
many declared her willingness to
assist, but she declined to give the
guarantees requested by the British
Foreign Office until the latter lifted the
embargo on foodstuffs.
The situation was becoming des
perate when Ambassador Page pro
posed that Mr. Hoover undertake the
work. Germany immediately acceded
to this plan, saying that they would
extend every possible aid to such a
commission, and England as promptly
removed the restrictions on food ex
ports. Formal organization of the commis
sion will not be completed until a
meeting is held today, but Mr. Hoover
already has bought with the funds sup
plied by the Belgian relief committee
$130,000 worth of food, which will be
sent to Belgium Saturday on a special
ly chartered ship by way of Rotterdam.
Food Situation Critical.
The food situation in Belgium is be
coming absolutely critical. Already
more than 500.000 persons are being as
sisted by means of bread lines, accord
ing to the committee's reports, there
being upward of 300,000 of these per
sons in Brussels alone. The supply of
food for the bread stations, it is es
timated, will not last more than a week
longer. It is expected that the num
ber of persons requiring relief will in
crease to 1,000,000 .within a month.
A stream of -"specially chartered
steamships will soon start for Holland
with their cargoes consigned to officers
of the commission at various places in
Belgium. These officers will be under
direct control of the commission and
will be located in London, Rotterdam, ,
Antwerp, Brussels, Ghent. Liege and
other points. When necessary they
will co-operate with the Belgian na
tional relief committee. ' ,
Neutrality to Be Preserved.
Tn insure effective working of this
co-operation, the members of the Amer
ican commission in Belgium will be
made members of the Belgian organ
ization, but care will be taken to see
that this co-operation does not affect
the neutrality of the commission, which
is to work under the approval of both
the British and German governments.
Half a million dollars were placed at
the disposal of Mr. Hoover yesterday
from the various Belgian funds, and.
through Ambassador Page, $750,000
more will be turned over to the Com
Speaking of the work of the Com
mission, Mr. Hoover said:
"The chief supplies required will be
wheat, rice, beans and peas. The Com-
mission expects tQxonduct innumerable
Beans and Peas Needed.
"Beans and peas are specially needed.
We have been unable to purchase more
than 200 tons of these cereals in the
London markets and we urgently need
5000 tons. We can arrange for the
handling of any amount of food to Bel
gium by way of Holland on account of
the facilities extended by the Dutch and
the Germans. Australia, which is send
ing 7000 frozen sheep to Belgium, al
ready has arranged for us to distribute
"The Commission hopes that the sit
uation may be brought urgently before
the American people, that this charity
to a liberty-loving people may take the
practical form of food supplies and that
the American organization, already so
liciting help for the Belgians, will co
operate with the Commission." '
AGE OF STUDENTS 11 TO 53
Average of Kntrants at University of
Washington Is 19 Years.
ITJIVERSITV OF WASHINGTON. Se
attle. Wash, Oct. 21. In the Uni
versity of Washington 11 students of
the age of 11 years are registered and
one woman student 6$ years old.
The average of the entering students
is IS years.