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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 13, 1914)
THE MORNING OREGONIAX,
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1914.
Entered at Portland, Oregon, Postoftice as
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I'OKTI.AM). TKESUAV, OCT., .18, 1914.
WAR'S HORRORS OPEN OUR EYES.
The so-called civilized world has
fceen reading for many years of the
. horrors of war. It has read of the
: wars of former times and of present-
day wars in remote countries which
it regards as the frontiers of clviliza-
' tion, but has vainly dreamed that war
could not destroy the products of its
toasted twentieth-century civilization.
- It is now appalled at the spectacle of
: war devastating the continent from
. which enlightenment was presumed
We see Belgium laid waste and
half depopulated, her cities in ruins,
Antwerp taken after a. ten days' siege.
. "We see a. large part of fair France
trampled by Germans, whose army is
now face to face with" the allied
French and British forces in a grim,
indecisive struggle of mutual slaugh
ter. We see Oalicia overrun by Rus
sia, many of its people fugitives. Aus
tria, and Hungary are prey to dread
.cholera, their cities crowded with
wounded and fugitives, and Russia
and Germany are at death grips in
. the East, pouring millions of men
and money into the conflict. Eng
land lives in dread of bombardment
from the air, as she makes over-late
preparations for defense. Little Hol
land, wedged in between the bellig
erents, is swamped with the care of a
million Belgian refugees, and with
difficulty maintains neutrality be
tween the conflicting demands of Brit
ain and Germany. Italy and Turkey
arm to the teeth and hesitate wheth
er or when to Join in the fray. Japan
strives to drive Germany from ' her
outposts in China and the Pacific.
On all hands, in the supposedly most
civilized countries of the Old World,
we see death, suffering, disease, mis
ery, poverty, hunger and devasta
tion. This is a picture which should take
away all man's pride in the achieve
ments of his race and should fill him
with humiliation. It reveals the hu
man race as harboring barbarism in
the same brain which develops civil
ization, and as making the arts and
sciences, the great discoveries, the
skill of hand and brain, the broad-
. ened knowledge and the universal ed
ucation all that composes what we
call civilization mere instruments of
barbarism. The world which we have
been accustomed to call civilized has
proved to be naught else but a world
of highly educated, highly skilled and
highly developed barbarians. We
' have been humbugging ourselves with
the term "civilized warfare." Now
we realize the absurdity of the phrase,
for the two words contradict each
.other. War cannot be civilized, in
the true sense of the word, for war is
.barbarism and destroys civilization.
Grim facts force us to cast aside
all shams and to abandon all delusive
phrases. We are brought back to the
fundamental truth that the first es
sential of civilization is justice and
fair dealing between men and na
tions the Golden Rule that each
should do unto others as he would
they should do unto him. Any civil
ization that is built on any other
foundation is a mockery and will be
swept away by new tides of barbar
ism, rising not alone from without
tout from within, as the civilization of
Babylon, Nineveh, Egypt, Greece and
Rome were swept away. When this
war ends, mankind, humbled and dis
illusioned, will need to begin again
toilsomely to build up a new civiliza
tion on the solid rock of justice and
truth, and must suffer no barbarism
disguised in civilized trappings to
The New York Board of Educa
tion employs a Shakespeare lecturer
named Richard A: Purdy. "Very like
ly he is the acme of perfection in his
chosen vocation, but he now and then
drops into other fields of thought
where he does not seem to shine with
bo radiant a beam.' For example, the
other day Mr. Purdy was discoursing
on women, beguiled into the subject
probably by some of Shakespeare's
heroines. He was very severe upon
the poor women, very severe indeed.
"Why does a woman say yes when
Fhe means no and no when she means
yes?" he inquired indignantly. "Aren't
you tired of it?" he asked his hearers.
Some of them are tired, no doubt, but
we venture to believe there are oth
ers who like it. Woman puts on her
little fripperies to please the men
and if they did not accomplish her
purpose she would drop them and in
vent some new ones.
"Why can't women use more com
mon sense in their relations with
men?" Mr. Purdy asks again with all
the petulance of an exasperated ped
ant. Women tise fully as much com
mon sense in dealing with men as
men do in dealing with women, and
usually a good deal more. In most
intrigues it is the woman who is cool,
calculating and poised. The man is
headstrong and foolish. Lord Nelson
is only one out of hundreds of in
stances where men have shown them
selves consummate simpletons in the
hands of astute women.
Mr. Purdy might have found an
other in his favorite author if he had
turned to Macbeth, who was mere
putty between the fingers of his wife.
In love affairs it is notoriously the
male who lacks common sense. In
their relations with men women are
compelled by inveterate custom to be
cautious and crafty schemers. They
need a great deal of sound sense to
come off with flying colors and they
commonly appear to have unlimited
stores of it to draw upon. The notion
that women are the sentimental, silly
sex and men full of grave wisdom
that never falls them needs modifica
tion. Women's sentimentality is for
the most part put on to gain an end.
Man's wells up from the depths of his
PENALTY OF SUCCESS.
The Eugene Guard performs a pub
lic service when it rescues from the
letter file of President Wilson the
following extract from the public
statement of the President as to the
nomination of Paul Warburg, a New
York banker, to be a member of the
Federal Reserve Board:
It would be particularly unfair to the
remociatic party and to the Senate itself
to regard it as the enemy of business, big
or little. I am sure that it does not re
gard a man as an object of suspicion merely
because he has been connected with great
business enterprises. . It knows that the
business of the country has been chiefly
promoted in recent years by enterprises or
ganized on a great scale, and that the
vast majority of the men connected with"
what we have come to call big business
are honest, lncorruptlve and patriotic. The
country may be certain that it is clear
to members of the Senate as it Is clear
to all thoughtful men that those who have
tried to make big business what it ought
to be are the men to be encouraged and
honored, whenever they respond without
reserve to the call of public service.
If President Wilson had intended
his remarks to be a rebuke to those
Oregon Democrats who are raising a
demagogic clamor against Mr. Booth
as a "timber baron" and therefore a
dangerous man, he could not have
been more pointed or direct.
Is success in a business project,
worthily won, to be penalized in
The Oregon direct primary was
adopted through the initiative in
, The Democrats of Oregon held an
assembly or convention in Portland,
at Hibernia hall, on March 8, 1906,
and nominated a full state ticket,
headed by George E. Chamberlain for
Governor. Delegates were present
from throughout the state. In no
essential was the assembly different
from the Republican assembly of
1910, except that for some of the
lesser state offices two candidates
were nominated. Formal resolutions
(or a platform) were adopted. The
euphemism "invited to become can
didates before the primary" was used,
and the Democrats were loud in their
protestations that they were not seek
ing to hold an old-time convention.
So also the Republicans said in 1910.
George E. Chamberlain was the
sole Democratic assembly nominee
for Governor in 1906. In that same
year he wrote a letter advising the
Democrats of Umatilla County to hold
an assembly. Senator (then Gover
nor) Chamberlain is the father of the
assembly. It is, probably, his only
original political conception.
. How utterly false and hypocritical
is the present manufactured Demo
cratic outcry about the assembly.
THE TRUE ANALOGT.
Is not the analogy of the corres
pondent who, in a letter today, com
pares the well-armed nation with an
armed citizen in a peaceful commun
ity somewhat at 'fault? It is true that
the individual gains scant respect. But
he is one of a community where the
peace, health and safety of each are
insured by the efforts of all.
The world is more like the mining
camp of the old West, where each
man was a law unto himself and
might made right. There the man
who armed himself for aggression
was not respected, perhaps, but he
was feared. There the one who was
well armed for defense and quick on
the trigger had the best security.
For control of nations there is no
police force. The- bully may tread
upon the weak and there is none to
protest unless it be another bully
whose safety is thereby imperiled.
Treaties are but "scraps of paper" and
solemn agreements are made to be
broken. It is a brutally practical
world, where right is on the side of
the heaviest artillery.
Not .until -all other nations see the
folly of militarism for aggression can
we safely abandon militarism for pro
tection. When moral right instead of
the right of might prevails, then may
we assume the role of unarmed citi
zen. But until then, unpreparedness
means that we shall be robbed of all
that other nations covet.
REASONS FOB OPTIMISM.
Business optimism begins to reign
in the East as )Sfe result of establish
ment of forefgn credit by the gold
pool and of the flood of foreign or
ders which is pouring into the fac
tories. So great has been the in
crease in exports of foodstuffs and
manufactures that the falling off in
cotton and oil exports is more than
offset. New York's total for the last
half of September exceeded that for
the same weeks of last year. Europe
is buying large quantities of flour,
shoes, knapsacks, saddles, clothing,
underwear, blankets, barbwire. Aus
tralia is buying in this country rails
which England could not supply in
time and the West and South buy
carpets which they would have
bought from Europe but for the war..
A New York bank whose business
is largely with Latin America warns
us not to" expect a large, sudden in
crease of trade with" that continent,
giving as a reason that it buys where
it borrows and that its financial ob
ligations are with Europe. But Eu
rope is no longer able to finance
South America and would probably
be glad to get back some of the
money it has lent or invested there.
Owing to Europe's failure in this re
spect, Brazil has defaulted on its
outside debt, gold payments have
been suspended in- Argentina, and
Chile and Peru are in straits. If we
render these countries and their en
terprises the financial aid they sorely
need, we shall put them in a position
to buy our goods and shall place
them under such obligations to us
that they will be disposed in our fa
vor as against our European competi
tors. It may be a slow process to
induce the southern republics to
break their European connections,
but, once they have done so. It should
be an equally slow process for others
to break their relations with us.
As the Federal Reserve Board took
the initiative in organizing the gold
pool for settlement of our obligations
to Europe, it could also take the ini
tiative in devising a plan by which
our bankers can finance South Amer
ica. It can encourage the Federal
reserve banks to deal in exchange
with that continent, and the National
banks to establish branches and to
Prolongation of the war for an
other year will surely swell the vol
ume of our exports to Europe to such
figures that a heavy balance in our
favor will result and investible capital
will accumulate on this side of the
Atlantic. Owners of this capital will
surely prefer investment in develop
ment and productive enterprise in
the peaceful Western hemisphere to
purchase of bonds in war-wasted
Europe. Our only serious rival in
reaching after South American trade
is now Great Britain, which is trying
not alone to keep her own share, but
to take Germany's also. The longer
the war lasts and the more deeply
Great Britain becomes actively in
volved, the less able will she be to
contend successfully with us.
Whatever may be the ultimate ef
fect of the war on our Industries, the
immediate effect cannot but enhance
our prosperity and we shall suffer
less than any other nation in the long
run, for during the war's progress we
shall have conserved and immeasur
ably increased our wealth and pro
ductive capacity, while Europe will
have to rebuild its structure with an
empty purse and a sadly diminished
The Saturday Evening Post gives
Americans of foreign origin a piece
of excellent advice. It tells them that
this is a highly propitious time to
drop their hyphens." Of course the
Post refers to the Swedish-Americans,
the Spanish-Americans and the
like. Many of the countries to which
these double names refer are now
engaged in a senseless war which has
darkened life throughout Europe. It
has paralyzed business, made the
means of life uncertain, destroyed
families and inflicted misery without
And all for what? For nothing
that could benefit any of the people
who are fighting and suffering. The
vanity of a few kings and nobles will
be gratified, perhaps. One or two old
reigning families may puff out their
chests a little farther when the war
is over, while one or two others may
have to live on charity the rest of
But what do the people care for all
this? Or, rather, what would they
care if they were in their right
minds? Just now they are crazed
with the war fever which passes for
patriotism. But when the excitement
is over what will the common man
have to show for his sacrifices?
COLONEL HARVEY CENSORED.
It has probably already occurred to
many who read in the Portland Jour
nal Sunday the reprint from the
North American Review of Colonel
George Harvey's discussion of the
National Administration, that it was
an unusual contribution to political
literature for Colonel Harvey to make.
The editor of the North American
Review is not a hidebound partisan.
He may at times be unconsciously
swayed by political opinions in his
estimate of Democratic achievements,
but he is never backward in express
ing criticisms if he has any in mind.
In the Journal's reprint there was
not a word of criticism of the Admin
istration's accomplishments or lack
of achievements. The reason is that
it was not a true copy of the article
that Colonel Harvey published in the
North American Review. This copy
righted article, exploited and adver
tised for days in advance, as boldly
censored as a war dispatch from the
What Colonel Harvey said in sup
port of the Administration was care
fully reproduced. What he found to
condemn was carefully omitted. As it
appears locally the article is of ful
some praise. As It appeared original
ly and authoritatively in the author's
own magazine it was not lop-sided to
the point of absurdity. The conclu
sion is favorable to President Wilson,
it is true so favorable that any fair
partisan ought to have been willing
to publish the full text.
From the standpoint of practical
politics, what this distinguished Dem
ocrat said in the article about Mr.
Gompers and the labor unions was
ill-advised. Therefore it was sup
pressed in the Journal reproduction.
Under the heading of class legislation
Colonel Harvey said:
The "one big blot" on the record of the
Administration, we reiterate emphatically,
is the Initiation of class legislation in spe
cious guise at the behest of Mr. Samuel
Gompers. The best that can be said of the
amendment to the Clayton act as finally
submitted by the Senate is that It is less
brazen and vicious than the provision
originally adopted by the House; but differ
entiation between groups of persons is still
recognized, "equality before the law" as a
fundamental tenet is tactttly abandoned, and
the burden of interpreting an ambigious
statute Is wrongfully imposed upon the
courts. That this iniquitous legislation is
hardly less repugnant to the President than
to every other discerning person be made
sufficiently clear in his memorandum, but
apparently he felt powerless to resist the
pressure of the misguided labor unions, re
inforced by practically unanimous action of
a craven House of Representatives.
While freely according to him due credit
for his insistence upon modification by the
Senate, we ran find no adequate excuse for
the President's attitude In this matter. The
utmost that can be urged in palliation is
that this Is the only instance of really grave
failure on his part to maintain the courage
of his convictions.
The foregoing extract from Colonel
Harvey's article did not appear any
where in the local, reproduction.
Probably it was felt that it might
offend the labor vote of Oregon and
counteract with them whatever else
Colonel Harvey had said about up
holding the President.
Also every word in Colonel Har
vey's article about Democratic ex
travagance and failure to keep the
economy pledge of the Baltimore
platform was deleted by the Demo
cratic censors of Portland. On this
subject we quote Editor Harvey as
The Democratic platform demanded "a re
turn to that simplicity and economy which
benefits a democratic ' government, and a
reduction in the number of useless offices,
the salaries of which drain the substance
of the .people." This pledge has not been
kept. The appropriations of the present
Congress aggregate the enormous sum of
$1.0S5.40K.777. the largest ever recorded, ex
ceeding even that of the preceding Congress
by more than thirty millions. No "useless
offices" have been abolished, and the "drain
upon the substance of the people" is the
greatest at the very time when the effect
of reduced profits and incomes is most se
Primarily the blame for wastefulness so
gross and deliberate as to constitute flagrant
violation of the positive pledge must attach
to the House of Representatives, which
brazenly ignored the repented admonitions
of Chairman Fitzgerald. tThen follows Mr.
Fitzgerald's abject confession I1 printed in
the Congressional Record.)
Democratic Senators have been hardly
less heedless, and we believe it to be a fact
that the only reduction effected by an execu
tive department was $120 reported as having
been saved by the Secretary of State.
Concerning the President's respon
sibility, Colonel Harvey observes that
it is perhaps a question whether Pres
ident Wilson could have checked his
party's rapacity, but that it must be
recorded to his disadvantage that if
he ever tried to do so the fact has not
been evidenced. But Colonel Harvey
believes the charge of inconsistency
cannot lie against him because, in
the face of party tradition and dec
laration, at no time during his cam
paign did he emphasize retrenchment
as an issue. He concludes "that a
change of viewpoint may be the con
sequence of justifiable criticism by
his political ' opponents during the
Colonel Harvey, in the same arti
cle, charged the Democratic party
with open violations of its professions
respecting the civil service, but com
forted himself with the thought that
they were made- under severe provo
cation and were no worse than like
offenses by the Republicans.
Extravagance is one of the most
serious criticisms directed against the
Democratic Administration in the
current campaign. Congressional
profligacy has made necessary a "war
tax that could have been avoided
even under the operations of the Un
derwood tariff. The new burden on
the people is a Democratic inefficien
cy tax, not a war tax. It is the out
come of broken party pledges.
Doubtless there are many who are
not so optimistic as Colonel Harvey.
For what expectation can we have
that his hope and trust that there
will be a Democratic change of view
point in this particular will be ful
filled if the extravagances and broken
pledges are merely criticised? The
vote teaches a better lesson . than
mere campaign argument or oratory.
No wonder what Colonel Harvey said
about Democratic extravagance was
The good deeds of the "movies"
grow more beautiful every day. They
train the mind, upbuild morals and
fortify patriotism as a matter of
course. Occasionally they unite di
vided couples. The woman who
screamed at the picture of a mine
explosion revealed herself to her lost
husband down in California the other
day. Similar incidents may be more
frequent than is supposed. -
By levying a war contribution on
Antwerp, Germany follows the tradi
tional practice of making a van
quished people pay for their own de
feat. That was Napoleon's method
in his Italian campaign, when the
French republic had neither money
nor credit to support his army.
- The war may really ameliorate the
condition of the Russian Jews. Those
who are serving in the army are well
treated and receive prompt promo
tion. In spite of expectations to the
contrary, the Czar's favor may out
last the war.
Having perfected arrangements
whereby he can "remain on the pay
roll," Our George will shortly be on
hand to tell us why he should con
tinue tp grace Washington social and
club life for another six years.
Weekly weather forecasts have
been suspended on account 'of the
war. Possibly that is the reason we
did not get that terrific storm from
Alaska which was scheduled to ap
pear in our midst last week.
Antwerp Is fined, $100,000,000 for
"disorderly conduct" by the Imperial
Court of Might, from which there is
but one appeal Greater Might. That
court will not return its findings for
some months to come.
We hope Fritz Kreisler's wound in
the arm will not impair his artistic
skill. It does not speak very highly
for civilization that such men as he
are sent to the front.
This war will bring reorganization
of the British military system by al
lowing an enlisted man a chance to
get a commission. It should have
been done long ago.
Meanwhile the humble Moujik is
plugging along on the eastern fight
ing border. There are no gaps in hi3
fighting .line, for there are millions Of
It was not loyalty to its local can
didate at Eugene last night as much
as it was admiration, regard and re
spect for the man, Robert A. Booth.
As soon as the German army in
Belgium is released to reinforce the
line in France a fresh German of
fensive movement may be looked for.
It is charged that the Germans
waste much ammunition. It must be
admitted, however, that there is more
or less that they do not waste.
With Albert fleeing, the ancient ro
mance of the King taking refuge in
the peasant's hovel may be an inci
dent in real life.
Amato, the American baritone,
held as a spy by the Austrians, got
clear because he was not a base
Belgium people fleeing by the hun
dreds of thousands in wild terror!
Reads like a chapter from the dark
Two more Americans shot on the
Mexican border. Peaceful Mexico.
How the Democrats have reformed
With the spaghetti crop harvested
the Italian army is said to be ready
to take the field at a moment's notice.
The world's championship games
promise to prove a grand promotion
scheme for Boston baked beans.
The side that feeds on American
cured meats is bound to win. ' Aus
tria is eating horsemea already.
Connie Mack does not want sym
pathy. It's the glory and the gate
receipts he is after.
If the Germans fine Antwerp a
hundred millions, what wouldn't they
do to London?
William does not want Albert any
more than Kitchener and Nicholas
Register, you eleventh-hour pa
triots, even if you have to stand in
line an hour. ,
Yes, indeed, there will be much of
this beautiful weather yet this Fall
By the way, what has become of
the Democratic plan to restore peace
Tomorrow is bargain day for the
womenfolk who have not registered.
The candidates are now entering
upon the political home stretch.
Kitchener may hold his recruits in
training camps too long.
Enter it upon the log that Boston
was delirious last night.
Do not overlook the fact that the
Beavers are winning.
The Athletics can sympathize with
Overtraining- has not affected the
Down With the Taxpayer.
By V. I". Lifter.
I take advantage of your offer nice
To give herewith some sage advice
About those measures, numerous and
Now up before the voters of the state.
And first permit a gentle hunch:
I'm for them, the whole blamed bunch!
For who, I ask, would time and money
In print and names except to worthy
No, no! This logic cannot be with
stood. The measures are; therefore, they're
But as the stars ' with varied glory
Just so these measures twenty-nine
If twenty-nine in fact there be.
The exact number cuts no ice with
I know that each bespeaks a longing
To crank the initiative machine.
Some yearning vague to put in law
And get it in the public maw.
Get it to the digestive spot.
Whether it digests or not'
Just as the dog must have his fleas
To break him of a life of ease
And make him know that life is more
Than lazy sleeping on the floor.
The new democracy must ache and
That its amazing benefits be known.
But I must quit this wordy rumination
And get straight to my exhortation:
Friends, you so brave and you so fair,
For such just now to me you are!
Strange how election brings us near:
Indifferent once, now friends and dear!
Of course, I have no ax to grind,
I simply yearn to help mankind!
Sweet friends, again I say
(This thing must start some way).
Put in your prettiest licks
And boost three hundred-twenty-six.
The bill that brings redemption
By giving us exemption.
Exemption from taxpaylng!
Heed well what I am saving:
We yearners should not pay;
'Tis ours the tax to lay!-
What, we, awake half the night.
Planning to make the hard things
For short hours and general ease,
For most everyone a-dreaming under
Shall we go dig and sweat
Some part of the tax to get?
Great guns! What's the Oregon sys
But to get quit of things we abhor?
Now, S26 makes classes twain:
Class 1, the seekers after gain.
Dull souls, in sun or rain.
In cold or heat, pursuing aye
That old, hard earthly way
That levels hill and bridges stream.
With harvest makes the desert teem.
Calls myriads to many windowed shop,
Saves, stores, to waste puts stop,
And for its stress on will and thought
Takes toll on what is wrought.
(But this thing gets my hide
I don't get in on the divide.)
Class 2, the have-nots, and we
Who never hope as ours to see
A cent above the $1500 free
Briefless lawyer, impecunious preacher.
Confirmed officer, pragmatic teacher.
Who from experience no lesson took.
But know, we read it In a book
We, untaxed and a majority!
God help the taxed minority!
Got any old thing you want to fix?
Come, boost three hundred twenty-six!
U. P. LIFTER. .
Eugene. Or., Oct. 10. 1914.
FROM ONE WHO WAS BEFRIENDED.
Former Employe Telia How it. A. Booth
Helped Her In Time of Trouble, i
PORTLAND, Oct 11. (To the Edi
tor.) I have read that some persons
object to Senator Booth's nomination
for United States Senator on the ground
that he is not a friend to the laboring
man. I beg to differ with them. I have
been situated so that I could see Mr.
Booth's life in his home as a husband,
father, son and brother. Never was
there or will there be a more con
scientious man in his true love and de
And about his men who work for
him. I have been in his camps, my
husband working under him, as well
as myself. Perhaps none of us received
as much wages as we wanted, but we
felt Mr. Booth was paying us as well
as any one else was paying for similar
work. I have known him to heln
widows and orphans, and you never
read a big writeup about it, either. He
did it from his inmost heart I was
widow myself years ago, and he and
his wife, whom he always confides in,
came to me and said: "If ever you are
in real want, let us know. If you can
not educate your boy, we will, if you
only ask us." So at one time I needed
$50. I wrote them and received it by
return mail, and they never expected
any favors in return. Ie came from
their big, generous hearts. They never
let their left hand know what their
right hand doeth in helping destitute
people who are worthy. I sincerely be
lieve Robert Booth never bought any
timber land in any way only that he
thought was right, and as any other
man would have done if he had of had
the same chance. This land, the way I
understand it, was seemingly of value
only for the timber, and the timber
was no use to the people who took it
up. as they could not go to the expense
of hauling the logs to the mills. So
consequently they sold the land to the
Booth-Kelly Lumber Company. I am
sure Mr. Booth will be the working
man's friend and work for hia interest.
MRS. A. F. L.
There is a love Til ever cherish.
As long as I might live.
And though I lived a million years.
None greater love coud give.
It is the love that rises from
A patient, trusting heart.
And when I think of trials I've caused.
It makes- the teardrops start
It Is a love that ever lasts
Through misery, weal and woe.
And follows me through all the world
Wherever I might go.
In sickness and in health.
In pleasure and in sadness.
It's ever there with loving care.
And smiling human gladness.
If I should fall to lowest depths.
Or face the battle line,
Or cursed be by all humanity.
That love would still be mine.
And if I near temptation's brink.
Her arms are stretched to save,
For she never stops her loving
From the cradle to the grave.
Harry L. Richardson.
The election of Hollister, the Demo
cratic candidate for Congress from the
First District, would be about as great
a calamity as me returning of Laflerty
from the Portland district. The peo
ple of the First District, who are rep
resented by one of the ablest and most
Industrious and efficient of all mem
bers of the National House-of Repre
sentatives, Hon. W. C. Hawley. are not
going to substitute Fred Hollister for
him. They are not going to think of
it, in numoerj large enough to cut any
figure jsrorth. while la the returns.
IF WAR Fl'XDS WERE DIVERTED
Writer Tells What Could Be Accom
plished in Peace Pursuits.
PORTLAND. Oct. 11. (To the Edi
tor.) A letter which appeared in The
Oregonian Wednesday signed "A Stu
dent," moves me to take exception to
ome of "A Student's" conclusions.
The letter in question was called
forth by some of Dr. Foster's arguments
in favor of "Peace" presented at Lin
coln High, some days previous.
Dr. Foster urged that fewer battle
ships be built, and that more schools
and colleges be constructed. He point
ed out that the cost of one first-class
battleship exceeded the contributions
to schools and colleges for one year.
"A student" in criticising the stand
taken by Dr. Foster, says a first-class
battleship is a school: it Is even bet
ter than a school, for it teaches disci
pline. In other words to secure what "A
Student" praises as discipline, we must
build huge engines of destruction,
equipped with all the modern appli
ances for taking human life.
This desclpline, aside from mere me
chanical efficiency, is the result of
placing a thousand men under the ab
solute control of one man, or a few
men. How much better is the disci
pline that comes from cultivation of
our finer qualities, in school and col
lege, and the joy of self-expression
in our play and work. Discipline may
be had in a penitentiary, but I prefer
to remain undisciplined.
"A Student' remarks that re as a
Nation, are in little danger of being
invaded, but that we need a large navy,
to gain the respect of other nations, to
be foremost as a "world clvilizer" (?)
and to be able to push our "policies."
Let us examine these statements
briefly. If a large navy is essential to
secure world respect, a heavily-armed
individual should be the most respect
ed member of a community. Is this
true? On the contrary, the most res
pected man rsi. a given community is
frequently the least belligerent. He
who builde, and not he who tears down,
is loved and respected.
In order to be a world clvilizer some
thing else than a large navy is essen
tial. Does Germany's influence as a
civilizing factor depend on the size of
their army? Not so.
Whatever our policies are that need
"pushing" "A Student" does not say, but
it is a safe bet that trade expansion
is one of the things he had in mind. Do
we need to send a battleship to South
America, to encourage commerce with
this country? How much of Canada's
trade has our navy secured? Foolish
ness, such ideas.
A Student quotes Dr. Foster as say
ing that of all revenue derived 17 per
cent went for war. This Is a serious
mistake. This figure is wreng. Ray
Stannard Baker, writing for the Amer
ican Magazine, says that of every dol
lar collected for revenue, in this coun
try 63 cents goes for war purposes.
This leaves but 37 cents to go for all
George R. Kirkpatrick, whose book
"War What For?" fairly bristles with
information on this subject, says that
the amount spent in one year for war
purposes would build good houses for
one hundred thousand families. This
would mean a city half as large as
Portland all decently housed.
Let us build more houses and fewer
CHARLES E. KITCHING.
7111 Foster road.
GOOD WORDS FOR, R. A. BOOTH
State Newspapers Comment oi "His
Fitness for Senator.
In handling millions of dollars'
worth of property Booth was ques
tioned about one or two small tracts
of timber land. He feels it most keen
ly that even any part of his business
career should have been questioned or
he most certainly would not have con
descended to reply to the criticisms of
so unpretentious a paper as that pub
lished at Albany. His record is open.
His vast business experience, his
knowledge of what this state needs
most, and his scrupulous care in deal
ing with private and public interests
are so well known in every nook and
corner of the state that attacks on his
character are reacting with more and
more conspicuous effect
Men Like Him Needed I
The Eugene Guard a few days ago
came out with a long editorial strongly
advocating the election of Hon. R. A.
Booth to the United States Senate for
the term commencing March 4, 1915.
The Guard is a Democratic paper, but
it is supporting Mr. Booth, the Repub
lican candidate, on the ground that he
is a very successful business man. Mr.
Booth has indeed been successful in
business and has accumulated a large
fortune; further, he is a man of high
moral and social standing with many
friends in all parts of the state. Ore
gon needs more men of the stamp of
R. A. Booth to manage her affairs and
look after her Interests at the National
Why Mr. Booth Ia Assailed.
The Register has no desire to take
up the cudgel against the accusers of
Mr. Booth. None of them are sincere.
Mr. Booth is an honest, capable and
upright business man, as all bis neigh
bors knoty. His life is a book that
those who care to may read. What he
has done stands upon its own merits
and compares most favorably with the
records of those who are hurling mud
at him. He has been a developer, not
a speculator; a worker, not a drone.
Mr. Booth is being assailed because he
has presumed to become a candidate
against the choice of the Democratic
machine that has long ruled the state.
There is no other reason.
Man Who Has "Mode Good."
It has always been the boast of
Americans that anyone of ability to
"make good" can achieve success. Abra
ham Lincoln split rails. George Wash
ington was a country surveyor. R. A.
Booth rode the range as a cow-puncher,
but by industry and application he be
came one of the men who opened the
resources 'of . interior O'regon and
brought millions of dollars into the
state. The career of Booth, now Re
publican candidate for Senator, is an
example for latter-day Oregon boys.
TO MY HARP.
Awake your symphonies, my harp.
And sympathize with me; '
I loathe the gloomy silence, dark,
I want to muse with thee.
Repeat, oh. servile minstrel, sweet.
Your never-tiring strain;
Repeat your music, I entreaf
Your harmony again. ,-
I lend you this, my uncouth hand.
And with my feeble arm
Supply the dearth of fairy's wand;
I need and want your charm.
My fingers sweep across the strings
Of this good harp of mine;
Ten thousand notes to living spring
Forth from my harp divine.
From chord to chord the echoes fly.
And vibrate through my soul:
Until my rapture rises high
And feels the cheer of old. -
Oh. who would be without a harp.
To sing with one alone?
The charm of this angelic art
Is heaven in the home!
RUFU G. AMES.
331 Sixth street, Portland, Or,
Twenty-Five Years Ago
From The Oreronlan, October 11. 1889.
Astoria The Knights of Pythias of
the Oregon Jurisdiction has elected O.
Irvine, of No. 7. Albany, Grand
Chancellor: A. A. Cleveland of No. 17.
Astoria, Grand Vice Chancellor and C.
Bayard, of No. 9, The Dalles, Grand
Albany Free scholarships were to
day granted by the County Court as
follows: State University. Eugene
H. L. Robe, W. A. Templeton and Etta
Lewis. Agricultural College. Corval
lis Lee Applewhite, N. M. Clum and
New York Ex-President Cleveland
last night presided at a large meeting
at Cooper Union in memory of the late
S. S. "Sunset" Cox. Mayor Grant and
General Sherman also were present.
The stockholders of the Astoria &
South Coast Railroad met yesterday
and heard the report of President Wil
St Paul The Carnival Association
has decided to build another Ice pal
ace this Fall.
The North Dakota wheat cros is es
timated by Commissioner of Immiara-
tion Hogan as more than 44,000,000
New Tork The cornerstone of the
new Pulitzer building, which will be
tne future home of the New York
World, was laid yesterday afternoon
at 1 o'clock. Chauncey M. Depew de
livered the formal address. Ex-President
Cleveland. Mayor Grant and Gov
ernor Hill were present and little Jo
seph Pulitzer, four years old, laid the
A $200,000 paper mill, is to be started
at Oregon City to be known as The
Crown Paper Mill. The officers of the
company are Mr. Rosenbaum, San
Francisco, president: L. G. Schwabach
er. San Francisco, secretary and man
ager; I. C. Schwabacher, New York,
vice-president, and Mr. Schwabacher,
of Walla Walla, a director. P. H.
Cragln will be In charge of the con
struction. Master Albert Ferrara, son of A. Fer
rara, of this city, who has been at
college in Munich for the last four
years was In Paris September 14 and
expected to be In' Portland in 25 days
from that date. He secured the second
diploma in a class of 300 and can
speak and write four languages.
Elder R. M. Messlck the new Chris
tian minister will arrive in East Port
London A number of gentlemen In
terested In baseball last night formed
an organization to be known as the
National Baseball League of Great
Britain. The council will organize a
vigorous campaign to make baseball
one of the prominent field sports of
Half a Century Ago.
From The Oregonian of Ontober 13, 1864.
Walla Walla Several men who have
just arrived from the Kootenai country
are of the belief that another season
will serve to develop new gold fields
that will pay well next year. Gold in
creditable quantities has been found
along branches of the Rootenai river.
Daniel G. Major, United ' States
astronomer and surveyor instructed by
the general land office at Washington
to make a survey, to mark a portion of
the northern boundary of Oregon, has
reported to Governor Gibbs that he has
completed a survey and durably
marked the line by a large number of
mounds, monuments, posts, trees, etc
The Albany Journal says that the
number of sheep in Linn County Is 31,
780. San Francisco Private telegrams
dated October 11 quote gold at 202 to
203 and 204 and legal tender at 52 and
Olympia The Governor of British
Columbia has offered a reward of 100
pounds sterling for any Information
that will lead to the conviction of the
murderer or murderers of Evernia Rice,
the woman known at Cariboo as the
Scotch Lassie, who was found murdered
in ner shanty September 19. She was
well known in California
Cleveland Reports froro Indiana
show Union gains over I860 heavy and
Morton, for Governor will have a lead
Washington The Government has
authorized the Navy authorities at San
Francisco to equip a vessel for the use
of Engineer Bulkley, who will soon
proceed north to begin the operations
for the completion of the overland
telegraph system which eventually will '
establish communication between the
Columbia River territory in Washing
ton to the Amoor River In Asia
The resignation of Second Lieuten
ant James Munroe, of Company B, First
Washington Territory Infantry, sta
tioned at Fort Walla Walla, has been
accepted by General McDowell Major
Rumrill, of the same regiment, late
commandant at Fort Colville, has gone
to assume command of Fort Steilacoom.
The steamer Julia, which was to
carry" the Ladies of the Christian Com
mission on a moonlight excursion,
failed to arrive back from the Cascades
in time, and the O. 4?. N. Company,
rather than disappoint the ladies,
rushed the Rival into commission. But
alas! The moonlight failed to put in
an appearance, a heavy shower pushed
itself on the scene, and the ladies de
cided to postpone the event until a
more propitious night.
The fire alarm last evening was oc
casioned by the burning of soot in the ,
chimney of the Mettendorf residence.
First street, near Morrison street The
damage was nil.
"You must have an easy life," said
the obtrusive passenger.
The conductor grunted.
"Don't you have to do anything but
"Yes. Sometimes, when the road
isn't running so well, I have to turn in
and help collect a few mangled remains."
The New Tailored
Suits Are Beauties
America has .always been su
preme on the ' creation of the
tailored suit especially those cut
on severe lines.
With the brain of Paris tem
porarily numbed and the supply of
dazzling gowns limited, the suit will
be more in vogue than ever this
The stores are now in their Fall
They are showing assortments,
styles and patterns calculated to
delight the heart of any woman.
The advertising in the papers is
as full of this Interesting news as
an egg is of meat
Just glance through The Orego
nian critically and see the interest
ing stories merchants and manu
facturers have to tell.