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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 5, 1914)
SOME OF GERMAN
Allies Make Gains in
Region of Soissons
ISSUE UNDECIDED AT ARRAS
French War Office Reports
Battle in Full Swing.
LULL. NOTED AT CENTER
Invaders Driven Back Toward North
in Argonoe and South of Woevre
Progress Is Being Made, i
PARIS. Oct. 4. The official an
nouncement issued by the French War
Office tonight reports progress in the
region of Soissons, where several of
the German trenches have been taken.
The battle on the left wing is in full
wing without any decisive result. The
text of the communication follows:
"On our left wing the struggle is
In full swing in the region of Arras,
without any decision having aa yet
"The action has been less violent
between the upper valley of the Ancre
and the Somme and. between the Somme
and the Oise. "We have made progress
in the region of Soissons. where some
of the enemy's trenches have been cap
tured. Lull at Center Continues.
"On almost all the remainder of the
front, the lull already noted persists.
In the Woevre region we have made
some" progress between Apremont and
the Meuse and on the Rupt de Mad."
The following statement was issued
by the French War Office at 3 P. M.:
"First On our left wing, after hav
ing repulsed all the enemy's attacks,
we have resumed the offensive at sev
eral points. At other places our post
tions are well maintained.
Fm Driven North at Argonoe,
second On the center nothing
noteworthy has ' taken - place as "far
east as the Argonne region. In the
Argonne we have driven the enemy
back towards the north. In the south
i w oevre. we are making progress.
"Third On our right wing, in Lor
raine and the Vosges there is nothing
BORDEAUX, Oct. 4. President Poin
care, accompanied by Premier Viviani
and Minister of War Alexandre Miller
and, left at noon today to visit the
battle front. The party traveled In
an automobile and will be absent from
the temporary capital three or four
The President goes to the battle line
noi to laice part in tne strategy, as
In the case of Emperor William and
possibly of Emperor Nicholas, but that
he may personally congratulate the
troops on the bravery they have dls
played in the long and stubborn fight
ing. Project Long Determined On.
M. Poincare long ago determined on
this project, but until now has been
prevented from executing it either by
the necessity of presiding at the daily
Cabinet conferences or by the wieh of
the military authorities, who deemed
the moment unfavorable for the trip.
The news of the President's depar
ture for the front has given rise to
rumors that the allies have gained
great victory, the news of which is
withheld and that M. Poincare has gone
to witness the final discomfiture of
The correctness of this deduction is
officially denied and it Is repeated the
situation in the fighting zone is as de
scribed by the afternoon statement of
the War Office. It is added that the
President's sole motive is to convey
the nation's appreciation and en
couragement to the troops in their long
end difficult struggle to protect the
soil from the invaders.
llattle More Like Siege.
The President will first visit the
headquarters of General Joseph Joffre,
Commander-in-Chief of the French
Interest In every movement of the
allies ,3 reported in the official an
nouncements of the War Office and in
the enemy's strategy continues intense.
The rushing of reinforcements, as
viewed here, seems to have little ef-
leet. Tne battle takes on more and
more the form of a siege.
Additional German forces which are
being sent to the lines of the Aisne and
Oise, it is noted, are not coming from
Lorraine, Belgium or Germany, but are
Deing drawn from the army operating
in Champagne province. The with
drawal of German forces from the cen
ter has caused consi? Arable surprise In
view of the extraordinary precautions
taken to stop the French advance in
this region, especially as the center is
regarded as an Important element In
the German defense.
Line of Leut Resistance Sought.
Lieutenant-Colonel Leonce Rousset,
the military writer for La Llberte, in
reviewing the situation says:
"It is no more wholly against our
extreme left that the Germans are di
recting their efforts, but it Is a little
more to the south. More Interesting,
however. Is the action taking place in
the region of Roye. There the German
general staff hopes to find the point
(Concluded on Pace 2.)
LONDON, Oct. 6. An official state
ment from Antwerp, received by Ren
ter's Telegram Company, sayst "The
artillery dnel continued throughoot the
day. Tbe general situation remains un
PARIS, Oct. 4. A Unvns Agency dis
patch from Nlsh says that the Servians
on the front from Zvornllc Bosnlu) 'to
Loznitza, Servla, along the River Drlna,
nave repulsed violent attacks and In
nicted heavy losses on the Austrian.
The Anstrlans have opened nn artll
lery lire on Sabats.
LONDON, Oct. A dispatch to Reu
ters Telegram Company from Amster
dam says l "The Germans bombarded
the village of Brlegden, near Laoaeken
(in the Belgian province of Ltmberg,
on the Meuse, three miles northwest of
Maeatrlcbt). The village is now burn
FAUILLAC, France, Oct. 4. The
American hospital ship Red Cross,
which brought physicians nnd nurses
and supplies for the French at Bor
deaux and other points, sailed today for
LOWDOX, Oct. 4. Excellent express
train service Is being maintained be
tween Oatend and Ghent, according to a
dispatch to the Observer from a corre
spondent In Belgium. At Ghent railway
notice boards are carefully corrected
hourly as trains nre withdrawn or their
runs curtailed, owing to the fluctuating
progress of the fighting.
ROME, Oct. 4. Pope Benedict has ad
dressed an autograph letter to Em
peror Francis Joseph of Austria, this
being the rulers name day, again urg
ing the Enporor to use nil his in
fluence to shorten the wnr as much as
LONDON, Oct. 4. A Stefan! Agency
dispatch from Rome says that a tele
gram received from Avlona states that
Kplrotes have been defeated by Al
banians t nnd evacuated Berat, leaving
four large guns, two quick flrers and
several prisoners In the hnnds of the
ROME, Oct. 4. A dispatch from
Constantinople sayst "The Khedive is
practically a prisoner of the Sultan,
who has ordered him not to leave the
city without the permission of the Sul
LONDON, Oct. 4. The Pretoria cor
respondent of Reuter's Telegram Com
pany says that the number of prisoners
captured by the Germans in the fight
in the Warmbad district of Great Nama
qunland, German Southwest Africa, on
September 2 was 192. Ail nre members
of the South African Mounted Rifles.
BERLIN', Oct. 4, by wireless via Say
vllle, L. I. The German War Office has
Issued n statement saying that Count
Michael Ivarolyl. president of the H lin
ear inn Independent party, returning
from n French prison, reports hnvlng
seen Turcos carrying strings upon
wblch were suspended ears, noses and
LONDON, Oct. 4. Exclusive of off!
cers, 1433 lives were lost in the sinking
of the British cruisers Abouklr, Cressy
nnd llogue In the North Sen September
22, according to a report issued by the
Admiralty tonight. The Abouklr list
contained the names of BIO men, the
Cressy 561 and the Hogue 362.
LONDON', Oct. 5. Reuter's Amster
dam correspondent, In a dispatch filed
Sunday, sayst "The German troops to
day displayed greater activity around
the Dutch frontier. They occupied
Lanaeken after a short bombardment.
ROUMANIA HOLDING BACK
Leaders Ask King 3fot to Hold Coun
cil to Discuss War.
i-ii-u.N, ucl t. The Home corre
spondent of the Exchange Telegraph
Company has sent the following dls
A message from Bucharest, Ron
mania, announces that the President of
the Council of the Crown and Con
servative and Democratic leaders have
decided to ask King Charles not to hold
tne council meeting fixed for this
week, saying there is no need" for Rou
mania to change her policy of neu
.Kecent dispatches said that King
cnaries, because of a promise he made
to Germany, desired to mobilize the
Roumanian army to assist the Germans
in the war.
A council of the Crown was held, but
only one member, it is said, sided with
the King. At the session of the Coun
cil planned for this week the subject
was to have been taken up again.
KAISER PRAISES SAXONS
With Such Spirit, Says Monarch, AVe
Will Meet Difficult Task.
LONDON, Oct. 4. A dispatch from
Dresden received here by way of The
Hague says that Emperor William,
after reviewing the Saxon field troops,
sent a message to the King of Saxony
wnich closes with these words:
"The spirit of the troops is excellent.
With an army of this character we will
be able to meet the difficult task be
fore us, for which may the Almighty
give us his aid."
NO MERCY REPORT SCORED
Germany Characterizes French Ac
cusation as Untruth.
BERLIN, Oct. 4, by w ireless to Say-
vllle, L. I. A statement issued bv the
German War Office today says:
"rne uaiiy cnronicle's Bordeaux cor
respondent reports that General Von
Stenger, commander of the German
Fifty-third infantry brigade, had given
an order that no quarter be arrantd
and for his soldiers to kill all the
French encountered, armed or un
armed, is an Impudent lie liv
French report that an Austrian motor
Daiiery was captured on the Meuse."
3000 RUSSIANS ARE
CAPTURED IN 2 DAYS
18 Heavy Cannon, Many
Machine Guns Taken.
GERMAN ATTACK IS VIGOROUS
Petrograd Says Turning Ef
fort Was Repulsed, n
COUNTER ASSAULT MADE
Kusslans Use Bayonets Effectively
and Cossacks in Raid on Village
Sabre 600 Germans and '
LONDON, Oct. 4 A dispatch from
Amsterdam to Keuter's Telegram Com
"The tierman commander at Koenlgs-
berg. East Prussia, has officially an
nounced that the Russian armies in the
battles of October 1 and 2 lost anon
prisoners, 18 big guns and many ma
chine guns and much transport ma
terial." Turning; Movement Checked.
In a dispatch dealing with the fight
ing in the Russian provinces which
border on East Prussia, the Petrograd
correspondent of Reuter's Telegram
"The recent German operations were
particularly vigorous along the rail
way line between Suwalki and Olita.
The enemy's Intention was to reach
Vilna, a turning movement around
Yovon. The Russians began to fall
back and then made a fierce counter
attack. The shock was terrible. The
Russians made frequent bayonet
charges and drove back the Germans,
on whom they inflicted enormous
Cossacks Sabre 600 and Disappear.
"A regiment of Cossacks made a
dashing raid on Petrokoff, which the
Germans had occupied. The Cossacks
traversed Petrokoff like a flash of
lightning, sabred 600 Germans In the
streets and disappeared."
According to a dispatch from -Venice
Austrian military experts say that the
Russian attempts to invade Hungary
through the Carpathian Mountains are
not likely to meet with much success.
There are only four or five moun
tain passes which would admit of tbe
passage of troops, it is said, and only
a small number of men could proceed
through these at, one time. As the
march would require at least six days,
the question of a food supply would be
Repulse Believed Easy.
-Possibly later small detachments of
Russians may attempt to cross the
(Concluded on Pago 2.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, ft'
degrees ; minimum, M decrees,
TODAY'S Probably fair; easterly wind.
Japanese advance without further cont.ro
veray with China. Pace 1.
Lesson of present war considered possible
neeu oy jur. JtJryan. Page 1.
Allies ta Ite som e Germ n trenches near
SoIssods. Page X.
Fifty thousand Irish recruits Join British
colors. Page 2.
Germans greatly aided by spies in Belgium.
German commander at Koenigsbcrg reports
owv .Russians were captured In two days.
Desultory firing kept up at Naco. General
Hill's only casualties being caused by
own men. Page 3.
Senators unconcerned 'over adjournment.
Senator Chamberlain surrenders place on
ianas committee. page t.
President Wilson and Editor Harvey hold
conference. page is.
Colonel's town of Illinois helps Republican
ratner tnan Moose candidate for den
a tor. Page 5.
Hawley's foes cited to record to prove his
wont in wasmngton. Page 11.
Washington's workmen's compensation act
in effect for three years. Page 5.
Alleged Chinese gunman of Portland found
nanged in Seattle. Page 2.
Pacific Coast League results: Portland 6.
Los Angeles 2 (five innings); Venice 5-0,
Missions 0-2; San Francisco 2-1, Oak
land 0-2. Page 10.
Harness racing season has been good one.
Hunters declare pheasants are easy to kill.
October 27 may be recall election date.
Portland offers united
Authorities believe five girls will confess in
aiiegea wnite slave inquiry. Page a.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 11.
New films at moving-picture theaters are
most entertaining. Page .
Baker play keeps audience in roars. Page 9.
Feast of holy rosary celebrated at Dominican
inurcn. race 8.
Work will be resumed on Dalles-Celllo
canal. Page 11. '
Psychological experiments made on students
at Reed College, Page 14.
Father O'Hara speaks on man's social and
reugious siaes. Page 14.
BRITISH POST CASUALTIES
First List of Noncommissioned Of
ficers and Men Include 72 7.
LONDON, Oct. 4. A list of casualties
in the battle of the Aisne, Issued to
night by the Official Press Bureau In
cludes 727 men and noncommissioned
officers. Heretofore the lists of this
battle" have been confined to officers.
Tonight's list shows 55 killed; 330
wounded; 33 wounded and missing and
309 missing. Of the killed the Royal
Field Artillery, Royal. Horse Artillery.
Queen's Bays and Dragoon (Guards pre
An additional list of officers was is
sued, showing six killed, eight who
died of wounds, 17 wounded. ,
Cliarles Abdication Expected.
PARIS, via London, Oct. 4. The
Temps has received a dispatch from its
Geneva c6rrespondent saying that, ac
cording to telegrams from Bucharest,
tbe reports of the ill health of King
Charles, of Roumania. are merely pre
paratory to the announcement of his
abdication In favor of Prince Ferdinand.
WHEN THE EIGHT-HOUB. LAW GOES INTO
f SUPPER OR yo
SUPPE.R MUM I
NEED OF LESSON OF
WAR IS HELD UKR
ity Cited by Bryan,
MEDIATION HOPE STILL STRONG
Time Not Ripe, However, in
Opinion of Oscar Strauss.
PEACE MEETING CROWDED
Hundreds Turned Away in New
York. Hostilities Never Would
Have Began Had Pope Been
Heeded, Says Cardinal.
NEW YORK, Oct 4. Hope that the
European war will be the last object
lesson of the horrors of strife, and
that after it alt the efforts of man
will be devoted to production rather
than destruction, was expressed today
by Secretary of State Bryan and Oscar
S. Straus, ex-Secretary of Commerce
and Labor, at the special peace day
service held at Carnegie HalL
The large hall was filled and hun
dreds of persons had to be turned
Prevention la Future Doty.
Today, when a number of nations.
all our friends, have been drawn into
the vortex of war," said Secretary
Bryan, "our first duty is to use such
influence as we may have to hasten
the return of peace. There will be
ample time afterwards to discuss ways
and means for preventing future ap
peals to arms.
in mis age our . interests are so
entwined with the interests of those
who reside in other lands, that no na
tion can live or die unto itself alone.
If we had no reason for encouraging
conditions conducive to peace, we
should find ample Justification in the
fact that the burdens of war are no
longer borne by those who are direct
participants in it- Today every neutral
nation .finds itself greatly embarrassed
by the disturbance which the European
war has wrought in every department
of human activity.
A'ecd of Leasoa Possible.
"We must not be discouraged If this,
the greatest of all wars, broke out Just
when we were most hopeful of the sub
stitution of reason for force in the
settlement of International disputes,
It may be that the world needed cbe
more awful object lesson to prove con
clusively ' the fallacy of the doctrine
that preparedness for war can give
assurance of peace. This assumption
is oum upon tne theory that peace
Concluded on page 3.)
Sunday's War Moves
3XCEPT in the vicinity of Arras.
which is at the extreme left of the
ne of the allies, fighting in France
was mostly desultory yesterday. It is
said' that German attacks were re
pulsed in the vicinity of Roye. The
Paris official communicayon, however,
says the allied forces have resumed the
offensive at several points. The great
effort of the allies to envelop the Ger
man right may therefore, said to be
again in operation, and it is believed
that the whole. French column from
Roye northward to Arras is moving
eastward against the German position.
It is the same operation that has
been tried repeatedly for the last three
weeks In an attempt to reach the Ger
man lines of communication and en
circle the German army forming the
right wing or force it to fall back to
Belgium and Luxemburg.-
The Germans have had a long time in
which to make their position secure, so
there is hard fighting ahead for both
the attacking and defending forces.
The defensive role apparently is now
being assumed by the invaders.
In the center, from the Oise to the
Argonne, the two well entrenched
armies are still watching each other
and ready at a moment's notice to meet
attacks or on the advice of aerial ob
servers to move to some point where a
line is threatened. While there have
been many of these movements, there
is utue to record, according to th
rench report. In other words, the sit
uation remains virtually as it was.
in me Argonne district, where the
crown Prince's army attempted an ad
vance a few days ago, there has been
additional fighting, with the result that
the Germans have been pushed back
nortnward. In Southern' Woevre the
French are "making progress, but
slowly," against the Germans, who
crossed the Meuse at St. Mihiel, but
laier were forced back over that river.
In Lorraine, and the Vosges there is
no change in the positions of the oppos
In armies. This probably is accounted
for by the fact that the Germans- have
not sufficient forces to attack the al
most impregnable line of fortifications,
while the French are too busy else
where to attempt an Invasion of the
lost provinces. They have set them
selves the task of getting the Germans
out of Northeastern France, and if this
can be accomplished they are faced
with the necessity of attacking the
ierman positions in Alsace-Lorraine.
Of the result of tne operations around
ine line of fortifications of Antwerp
there is considerable mystery. The
Belgian legation at London has an
nounced that the Belgians had been
compelled, before a violent artillery at
lack, to fall back east of the River
Senne, . toward - the N'ethe. This- was
taken to mean that some of the forts
had fallen and the German official re
port asserts as a fact that Forts Llerre.
waeinem and Konigshoyck had been
taken. .Later the Belgian Minister to
London, on authority of telegrams from
Antwerp, declared that the forts had
not been captured, although Waelhem
was badly damaged.
Heretofore fortresses have not stood
long before the German siege guns
which have been brought up. - Antwerp
however, is in a different category, as
in addition to being stronger than any
loriress yet attacked, there is a con
siderable space in which the field army
can operate against the besieging
The battle Is still raging along the
East Prussian frontier, and according
to the Berlin reports the Germans have
scored a victory over the Russians who
had pierced their center at Augustowo.
The battle of Cracow is develoDlnr
more slowly than was expected. The
Russians say they won the victory in
the battle of Agustowo, which ended
Saturday. This battle began on Sep
tember 29. The Germans are pictured
as retreafing on the East Prussian bor
In both Italy and Roumania a con
siderable difference of opinion has
arisen as to what steps, if any, the
governments should take regarding tbe
war. Some are for war and others for
a continuation of neutrality.
If the report coming from Rome that
Italian sailors have occupied Avlona is
true, Italy has taken action which will
almost certainly involve her. Avlona,
the Gibraltar of the Adriatic," has long
been coveted by both Italy and Aus
tria. During the war between Italy
and Turkey, when Avlona belonged to
Turkey, it was the scene of a daring
exploit by the Italian navy under the
The Jealousy of Austria was imme
diately aroused, and as a result an
agreement was reached whergby Tur
key s European possessions were im
mune from attack. The intensity of
Austrian feeling was also manifested
during the Balkan war and Austro
Italian occupation of the port was
The heads of four nations, the Rus
sian Emperor, the German Emperor, the
King of Belgium and the President of
France, are now taking part in the
battles, or are on their way to visit the
troops in the field. The German Em
peror has been on both eastern and
western frontiers, while King Albert
has been on the actual firing line ever
since the war began. The Russian Em
peror has left Petrograd for the front,
and President Poincare, accompanied by
his Ministers, is well on his way from
Bordeaux to give greetings to the men
on the firing line.
The Japanese, In their, campaign
against the German concession of
Kiau-Chau, have been reinforced " at
Wei-Hsien. in Shan-Tung Province.
Having made answer to the protest of
the Chinese government, they are pro
ceeding with the busines in hand with
out further comment.
A casualty list issued by the British
official bureau shows the loss of 727
non-commissioned officers and men in
the battle of the Aisne, of whom 55
were killed. What period this list cov
ers has not been made public.
CHINESE LOOK ON
One Man of Republic Is
Killed at Wei-Hsien.
GUARANTEE ASKED OF MIKADO
Control Road Without Trans
fer During War Proposed.
AMERICAN CONSUL JO GO
Official Instructed to Withdraw
From Kiau-Cliau, Despite His De
sire to Remain at Post During
Attack on Germans.
PEKIN. Oct. 5. Without further dip
lomatic controversy, the Japanese are
proceeding along the railway to Tsi
Nan. Their troops at Kei-Hsien, -who
occupied the station there, have been
reinforced. The Chinese have not
withdrawn from the line, but are not
opposing the Japanese march, west
ward. One Chinese was killed by the Japa
nese when they took over the Wal
The Chinese Foreign Office proposed
to Japan that China assume control of
the railway line which Is owned by
Germans, expel all German employes
from the district and guarantee that
there will be no transfer of the road
until the war was ended. The Japanese
have contended that it was necessary
for them to occupy the railroad, as
otherwise it would be used by the Ger
mans for the transportation of war
supplies for Tslng-Tau.
The American State Department,
upon the advice of the American min
ister to China, Dr. Paul Samuel
Reinsch, - who arrived in Pekin Wed
nesday, has instructed Willys R. Peck,
the American consul at Tsing-Tau, to
withdraw from the. Kiau-Chau,- dis
trict. The legation sent a message to
this effect to Mr. Peck by wireless.
Mr.' Peek had earlier expressed a wish
to remain at his post during the Japa
nese attack on the German leased pos
session. GIRL BOMB , VICTIM KNITS
Child, Content to Lose L-imb
France, Aids Army.
PARIS, Oct. 4. (Special.) A visitor
who went to see Denise Cartler, the 13-
year-old girl -who was Injured by a
bomb dropped by a German aero
plane two weeks ago, found her knit
ting Jerseys for the soldiers. Surgeons
had amputated one leg above the knee.
She said with unaffected courage:
"If I have been courageous, I am
sure any French child would have been
the same. I am content to lose my
leg for France."
BAD WEATHER IS DUE HERE
Disturbance Over Alaska Esnected
to Spread Over Northwest.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 4. West of the
Rocky Mountains the weather will be
generally fair and somewhat warmer
during the coming week, except in the
North Pacific States, which by Monday
should come under the Influence of a.
decided disturbance now over Alaska.
This is the substance of the Govern
ment Weather Bureau forecast for the
WILSON VISITS RELATIVES
Cousins of Late Wife Are Hosts in
, - Baltimore.
BALTIMORE, Oct. 4. President Wil
son motored to Baltimore this after
noon and visited the cousins of his late
wife, the Misses Mary and Florence
Hoyt, with whom he had dinner at the
Hoyt residence, 609 Lennox street.
The President, who was accompanied
by an escort of secret service men.
started for Washington about 8 o'clock.
BOOKING AGENT IS DEAD
Pbillip F. Nash Succumbs to Heart
Trouble in Xew York.
NEW YORK, Oct. 4. (Special.)
Phillip F. Nash, general office manager
of the United Booking Office, died sud
denly from heart trouble today. He
was one of the most widely known
men in vaudeville circles in the United
He is survived by hie widow and two
daughters, Mary and Florence, both
SEERESS FRIGHTENS NANCY
Mme. Thebes Flees When Bad Pre
diction Sends People to Cellars.
PARIS. Oct. 4. (Special.) Madame
Thebes, the famous fortune teller, whlla
at Nancy predicted that the Germans
would again bombard the city Septem
ber 27. Thereupon all the population
retreated to the cellars and remained
there two days. v
The city was not bombarded and
Madame Thebes has retreated to Parl-