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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 6, 1914)
VOL. L.IV. NO. 16,8CK.
PORTLAND. OREGON. TffESDAY, OCTOBER C, 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
VIGOROUS MOVE BY
ALLIES' LEFT II
Advance Forces Hurled
Back by Germans.
BELGIAN FRONTIER IS GOAL
Rapidity of French Movements
TEUTON AVIATORS BIG AID
Solicitations Sent Over Victory by
Czar's Army at Angustowo-No
One Can Claim "the Result"
Yet, Says Battle Expert.
" FROM THE BATTLE FRONT (via
Paris), Oct. 6, 11:36 P. M. The allied
armies, after having permitted their
adversaries, as they thought, to ex
haust themselves by continued attacks,
today took a most vigorous offensive.
The British ana French encountered
such a strong- resistance, however, that
their most advanced detachments on
the western wing were compelled to
fall back. -
Only at this part of the long battle
line did the opposing troops actually
come into close contact.
Many picturesque - villages, around
which hundreds of thousands of men
occupy positions, have suffered severe
ly In the recent fighting and probably
will suffer still more before the strug
gle for supremacy Js over.
Mattlegrround la Flat.
The country where the chief fighting
is going on is flat and under cultiva
tion. In many places It is boggy 'and
there are scattered coal mine.
The allied armies continually are e
tendlng toward the north and bending
eastward toward the Belgian frontier,
thus compelling the Germans, In order
to prevent the crumbling up of their
main army, to move large forces from
the center and so keep pace with the
allies, whose position menaces the in
vaders along the whole line. The allies'
plan, it is thought, may compel the
Germans to release the pressure' on tbe
The lapidity with which the French
change positions is considered remark
able. Two entire divisions of Infantry
marched nearly 30 miles Saturday and
18 Sunday. The Germans, however, by
means of their aviators, who are con
tinually flitting over the lines despite
numerous casualties, discovered the
movements and brought up reinforce
ments to meet them. As- the Germans
occupy the inside of the circle they
are able to reach an, appointed spot
with much shorter marches.
Aviators Brg Assistance.
It was this that enabled them to fore"
the advanced guards of the allies to
cede a small amount of ground until
further assistance came.
At one point on the allies' front a
French regiment, after three days In
the trenches, on being ordered to the
rear for a rest, sent a petition through
their Colonel to the commanding Gen
eral asking permission to remain until
the German position facing them was
NIGHTLY ATTACKS REPULSED
French -Military Critic Says End of
PARIS, Oct. 5, 11:15 P. M. The fol
lowing official communication "was is
sued by the French War Office tonight:
"In the region of the Argonne and on
the heights of the Meuso we have re
pulsed night and day attacks.
Victory Is Announced.
."Grand Duke Nicholas has addressed
to the ministry of war, to be trans
mitted to GeneTal Joffre, a telegram
announcing the victory of Augustowo.
'"General Joffre has sent, in his name
and in the name of the French army,
his warmest congratulations to the
ccmmander-in-chlef of the friendly and
allied army on the battle won. which is
a guarantee of future successes.
"On our left wing, to the north of
the Oise, the battle continues with
treat violence. The result remains in
decisive. We have been obliged at cer
tain points to yield grouud."
French Are Confident.
"While the French realize that the
battle has not yet been won, it does not
seem to many of them that.it can now
be lost. If the allies win, no doubt is
felt that they will pay for it. the sac'rl
fici on both sides already being great.
The tone of the official communications
has furnished the best reasons for the
hope on the part of the French, al
though announcement of the visit of
President Polncare to the front was an
additional factor for the confidence and
optimism felt in regard to the intense
struggle. His action is gene-ally com
mented on as indicating that success Is
End May Be Distant..
Despite the hope of the rench. the
military critic. Lieutenant-Colonel
r. .usset. declares the battlo can still
last for some time, pointing out that j
modern encounters last now as iong as
certain conditions formerly did. In
1S59 the situation was settled in two I
months, which in 1S70 it took 13 weeks,
the fighting after Sedan and Metz be
ing merely a contest for honor.
In the furious fighting now going
en, Lieutenant-Colonel Rousset says.
Concluded on Fas 2.J
ROME, via Paris, Oct. j -Lieutenant
TaiuwDl, Under Secretary of State far
War, has resigned, owing" to a din
agreement with General Grand I, the
LOWDOlt, Oct. 5. A Petregrad dis
patch to the Telegraph, dated Satar
day night, says that nothing is ascer
tainable there of the reported battle
at Cracow. News haa been received at
Petrograd, says the dispatch, that
Archduke Frederick haa been replaced
as eommander-ln-ehlef of the Austrian
army bjr the heir presumptive to the
Austrian throne, Prlnee Charles Francis.
LONDON, Oct. 5. A dispatch from
Petrograd to the Central News states
that n member of the Russian Duma,
who has just returned from Gallcla,
declares that the Russians captured
the heights between four, and five
miles from Prsemysl and that the Aus
trian have several times vainly at
tempted to retake them.
LONDON, Oct. 5. Telegraphing from
Ostend, the Exchange Telegraph cor
respondent sayst "The steamer Ard-
mount, loaded with grain, which left
Dover at 6)30 o'clock this morning for
Zebruge, Holland, struck a mine. Her
crew of 35 were saved."9 The 'steamer,
a vessel of 3510 tons, commanded by
Captain Ronald, sailed from Galveston
September 8. The Ardmount was owned
by the Ashmonnt Steamship Company,
ROME, via Paris, Oct, 5. The French
fleet in the Adriatic la again bombard
ing the Austrian port of Cattaro, a
cording to the Corrlere d'ltalla.
LONDON, Oct. 5. Letters received la
Iondon by commercial firms with in
terests in the Belgian Congo report that
French and German traders have
clashed at a number of places, with
some fatalities. The Belgian govern
ment, the letters add, haa placed guns
on the boats on the Congo in order to
resist German attacks.
FIGHTERS' NEEDS ARE FIRST
British Woolen Factories Must Sell
Entire Output to Government.
LONDON. Oct. 5. According to the
Yorkshire Post, the War Office Is
taking drastic measures to obtain an
adequate supply of hosiery, under
clothes, gloves and other woolen goods
for the Army and Navy.
All the manufacturers in Leicester,
the chief center of the woolen In
dustry, have been informed that their
entire product of heavy goods must
be placed, at the disposal of the War
Office, and that if a single garment
is withheld by a manufacturer or is
supplied to any firm whatever, the
War Office will at once take over tbe
factory and run it. giving the firm
a. fair percentage of the' profits. :
AMERICAN HOSPITAL BEST
"Women's War Relief Ftind Institu
tion Held Efficient in Britain.
Correspondence of Associated Press.
LONDON, Sept. 25. The Red Cross
hospital of 200 beds, established by
the American women's war relief fund,
near Torquay, is the best equipped and
best arranged war hospital in Great
Britain, according; to Sir Frederick
Treves, the distinguished surgeon.
This organization, which has for
officers Laay Paget. Mrs. John Astor
and other well-known Anglo-Americans,
has also appropriated $25,000 for
motor ambulances to be used in con
veying the wounded from the ships
to the various hospitals.
Funds have been -collected suffi
cient to maintain the hospital for one
"GENERAL" KELLEY FREE
Ex-Leader of Army of Unemployed
Converted Whllo in Jail.
SACRAMENTO, Oct. 5. "General"
Charles T. Kelley, who started to lead
an army of 1500 unemployed men to
Washington last Spring, and whose fol
lowers were dispersed in Sacramento
by police officials and a fire hose, was
released from the county jail yesterday
after completing a six months' sen
tence for vagrancy.
Kelley was arrested just before . his
army was put to rout by the police. He
says , he became a Christian while in
ALLIES SEEK AID, CHARGED
Germans Accuse British of Trying to
ROME, via London, Oct. 5. The Ger
man press, according to communica
tions received here, thinks Great Brit
ain is using pressure to induce the
Scandinavian countries. particularly
Denmark, to abandon their neutrality
and participate in the war against Ger
many. The Deutsche Tages Zeitung of Ber
lin says it is rumored that many hos
tile ships have bsen seen in the Skag
errak and the Cattegat, and added:
"If these ships are British It shows
an- intention to make a threatening
demonstration against the Scandinavian
states, particularly Denmark."
500,000 SWEATERS NEED
Great Britain to - Buy American
Product Used In Army.
PHILADELPHIA. Oct. 5. Agents of
the British government, it was reported
here today, are securing bids from local
knit-goods manufacturers for 508,000
sweaters similar to those recently fur
nished the United States Army.
Yarn dealers have been asked to
quote figures for the necessary yarns.
Prominent Maritime Man Dies.
S.iN FRANCISCO, Oct. 5. A. G. D.
Kerrell, for many years general pas
senger agent of the Pacific Mail
Steamship Company, and one of the
best known maritime men on the Coast,
died at a hospital here yesterday after
a long illness. He was 48 years old.
PIERCED, SAY FOES
Attack on City Now De
RUSSIAN REPULSE ASSERTED
Portuguese Troops Expected
to Join Allies.
PRIEST KILLING IS DENIED
Russia Issues Securities or $3 75,
000,000 and Berlin Specie Is
Says Conditions Unchanged."
BERLIN, Oct. 5, by wireless to Say
vllle. An official report from the Ger
man .army headquarters says that in
the siege of Antwerp the forts- of
Llerre. Waelhem. and Konigshoyckt
and the intermediate redoubts, with So
guns, have been taken.
"Thus a breach has been made In the
outer circle of forts," the report adds,
"rendering an attack on' the inner cir
cle of forts and the town itself possi
ble." Russian Defeat Asserted.
"Near Augustowo, the Third Siberi
an and parts of the Twenty-second
Russian army corps, composing, the left
wing of the Russian army, on crossing
the Nieman River, were defeated after
a furious battle lasting two days. More
than 2000 unwounded Russians were
made prisoners and a large quantity of
machine guns were captured."
Other press matter given out In offi
cial quarters says
'The force of native troops from
British India, recently landed at Mar
seilles, has left that port for the
"British ships have arrived at Lisbon
and probably are destined to transport
Portuguese ..troops. ' Portugal's co
operation In the war Is Imminent, the
mobilizatfon of the Portuguese forces.
It Is believed, having been ordered on
the demand of the British government."
Holland Ports Strengthened.
"The Roumanian Crown Prince has
been strongly rebuked for his Russo
phile agitations. The leaders of the
Roumanian parties have declared them
selves in favor of continuing the neu
tral policy of the Roumanian govern
ment. "A manifesto issued by the Rou
manian Socialist party assumes that
the neutrality of the country will be
preserved, condemns the Russophile
propaganda in certain newspapers and
(Concluded on Page 2.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
The Weather. -
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature,
. 63.5 degrees; minimum temperature, 52.5
TODAY'S Probably fair; variable winds, becoming-
Germans threaten to blow up bridges If
Japs do not confine march tu Kiau-Chau
territory. Pars 1.
Germans' retreat before Russians . turned
Into rout with all arms abandoned.
Allies' western wing beaten back by Ger
mans. Page 1.
Germans say forts at Antwerp are. being
taken. Page L
Czar takes field and Kaiser appeals to
troops. Pago 2.
German Ambassador confers with Bryan on
arbitration treaties. Page 3.
Relief of Americans In Turkey vital prob
, lem now. Page. 2.
Another American shot at Naco by Mex
icans and protection is asked. Page 6.
Democrats In Congress to caucus today to
try to agree on legislation. Page 5.
Coos .Bay-Rosebursr land litigation case'jost
by 113 plaintiffs. Page 6.
McAdoo's "dabbling" In New Pork polities
causes trouble in Democratic Administra
tion's plans. Page 0.
b Port a.
Portland team has hard row to hoe. begin
ning with Venice series. Page 12.
Duckhunters hare successful day on down
river places. Page 12.
. Pacific Northwest.
Roseburg votes for l..00,00ft bond Issue to
build railroad to Coos Bay. Page 7.
Commercial sad Marine.
Over 1500 bales of Oregon and Washing
ton ' bops are sold. Page 17.
Diouth damage in Australia cause of higher
wheat market at Chicago. Page 17.
Active trading In livestock at North' Port
land yards. Page 17. -
Captain Benders-"!- of A. M. Simpson, to
be tried at Marshfleld Monday. Page It.
Portland and Vicinity.
Votes for recall candidate to be void unless
majority favors recall. Page In.
Mr. Booth will confine efforts principally
io Aiuitnoman bounty until election. Page
J. M. Shelly tells why lie refuses to sup
port Senator Chamberlain. Page 11.
Economy budget may result In lowest tax of
years. Page 17.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 13.
PRAYER GIVEN FOR AUSTRIA
Koman Catholics Beseecli Virgin of
Rosary to Intercede.
ROME, Oct. 5. (Special.) The feast
of the Virgin of the Rosary, which was
established to commemorate the battle
of Lepanto, was celebrated with the
greatest devotion in all Roman Catholic
churches here today. There were num
erous processions and prayers to the
Virgin were recited, invoking her in
tercession for an Austrian victory.
Some of the .prayers were those re
cited before the naval battle of Lepanto,
which took place on October 7, 1571.
In that battle ships of the Holy League,
which were furnished by tha states of
the Mediterranean, which had become
alarmed over aggressions of the Turks,
badly defeated the Turkish squadrons
and dealt a blow to the naval power of
Turkey from which It never recovered.
STORK TO VISIT ROYALTY
Accouchement of Italian Queen Ex
pected In January.
- ROME, via Paris. Oct. 6. Official an
nouncement is made here that the. ac
couchement of Queen Helena " is
expected next January. .. - .. -
The King and Queen already have
four children one boy and three girls.
IN THE WAY.
- TO STAY INSIDE LINE
Germans Threaten to
Blow Up Bridcrfv
AIM IS TO STOP MARCH WEST
Neutral Republic, However,
Not to Oppose Invaders.
PROMISE MADE CHINESE
Mikado's Jlen Say Only Few Troops
Will Hold Railroad and That Em
plojes May Stay Cavalry
"' Now at Tsing-Cliow. . '
PEKIN, Oct. . S. The Japanese
cavalry, the Japanese advance guard
of the troops that are occupying the
German-owned railway connecting the
German leased possession of Kiau-
Chau with Tsl-Nan in the west of
Shan-Tung, has reached Tsing-Chow,
35 miles west of Wei-Hsien.
- The Japanese Legation has promised
the Chinese Foreign Office that Japa
nese would occupy1 the railway with
the fewest troops possible, who would
remain close to the line, and that
civilian railroad men would be brought
from Japan to displace the soldiers- as
soon as possible.- Further, all the Chi
ness railroad employes would be con
tinued in the service.
ticrnan Opposition CoHtlnnes
The .Chinese government, however,
will continue its diplomatic efforts to
cause the Japanese to withdraw to the
vicinity of Kiau-Chau.. The Germans
threaten to dynamite all the bridges
and burn all the stations on the line
if the Japanese continue their march
A correspondent at Taimo, north of
Tsing-Tau, who was compelled to
leave that town because of illness on
September. 26, has arrived here. lie
reports that he saw no siege guns in
the neighborhood of Tsing-Tau. The
Japanese tre - proceeding leisurely, , he
says, which supports the general
understanding here that they are not
ready to attack the formidable Una of
the German defenses. -
Chinese Accept Situation.
Although the Chinese authorities
continue- to hope that the Japanese
will permit them a measure of control
over the Shan-Tung Railroad, they
have Informed the Japanese that they
will not 1 oppose the military occupa
tion of the line: This Is the railroad
which runs from Tsing-Tau westerly
(Concluded on Page 2.)
Monday's War Moves
VI with troops from the German cen
ter, continues to make a determined
stand against the attempt of the allies
to outflank him. 1
The French, who yesterday officially
reported that all German attacks In this
region had been repulsed and that all
J e allies had resumed the offensive,
nouueed today that the battle to the
north of tha Oise. which commenced
seriously about September 25. continues
with great violence with no decisive
result, and that at certain points the
French troops have had to yield ground.
. The Germans In their report issued
last night say the battle Is proceeding
successfully for them.
Both in London and in Paris there
is tha greatest confidence, although
some surprise is displayed at the sac
cess of the Germans in preventing the
outflanking movement. There Is a feel
ing, however, that the Germans cannot
extend their lines much farther north
without weakening them at some point.
Along the rest of the line, the French
communication says, there has been no
change. Therefore, the progress in the
regions of Solssons and Woevre, re
ported Saturday night, either has satis
fied them for the moment, or .they have
been checked by the Germans.
Of the fighting here, as on their
right, the Germans report It Is pro
gressing favorably for the German
Progress by either side must be ex
tremely slow.- for after every advance,
no matter how slight, the. troops mak
ing it must entrench themselves for
protection against the shells from the
enemy's guns posted in strong positions J
irom one ena oi ine line to me oiner.
The defeat of the German army which
invaded Russia from East Prussia ap
pears, from Russian accounts, to have
been even more decisive than previously
According to the Russian Ambassador
at Rome the Germans were completely
routed with a loss of 70,000 men, and
have been forced to abandon everything.
The Russians are now moving for
ward with the object again of Invading
East Prussia. The victory, if it Is as
complete as reported, is of the greatest'
importance to the Russians, as it will
prevent the Germans from undertaking
land and sea operations, which would
have compelled Russia to turn at least
a part of its attention In this direction.
General Rennenkampf apparently
drove a wedge between the two Ger
man forces which were advanced upon
Druskeniki and Ossowetz and broaght
about the battle of Augustowo, which
resulted in a Russian victory. If the
Germans have not retired already from
the left bank of the Niemen Klver at
Druskeniki their defeat at Augustowo
must compel .them to do so. The moral
effect of another Invasion of East Prus
sia also will be of importance.
No news has been received today
fro.n the Silesian and Gallctan battle
fields, and probably the main armies
hare not come together there. A big
battle cannot be delayed much longer,
however, as on their Silesian frontier
both armies are moving forward and
will meet in Russian Poland.
Before the Russian advarfce In Gar
lieia the peasants are fleeing the coun
try, and it is reported that 20,000 of
them have reached Bohemia :
The sanitary department of Vienna
reports that four cases of Asiatic
cholera have occurred among the troops
returning from Gallcla, but that all
have been isolated.
Fighting continues also In the Near
Bast, and the Anglo-French fleet has
succeeded in destroying Lustlca, an
outer defense of the Austrian seaport
While the Servians and Montenegrins
are. attacking the outer fortifications of
Sarajevo,' Belgrade, which so often has
been under tire, has not been bom
barded for several days, probably as
a result of the reoccupation of Semlin
by the Servians. '
Skirmishes have occurred . on . the
Anglo-German frontier in Last Africa
as the result of German raids into
British territory for the purpose of cut
ting the Uganda railway. All these
raids, according to the British official
report, have been repulsed.-.
While the routine life in England is
not seriously upset by The war, the
regulations sin many respects are be
coming more stringent. An ffc stance of
this Is to be found in the action of the
authorities, who, in order to keep the
army provided with warm clothing,
have commandeered large quantities of
woolens In Leicester, a step which is
likely to be followed elsewhere.
As yet the situation surrounding the
forts at Antwerp which are under
bombardment by the Germans has not
been definitely cleared up. The Ger
mans still claim they have captured
several. of the outer fortifications, while
the Belgians declare the. defences re
main intact. .
A. report from Berlin that British
ships have arrived at Lisbon, and that
Portugal's co-operation with the allies
in the war is Imminent, brought forth
a statement' from the Portuguese Min
ister at Washington that his country
was prepared to take such a step
whenever Great Britain should - call
upon her to do so, under the treaty of
mutual protection existing between the
Great Britain is investigating coal
shipments from the United States,
under the suspicion that the cargoes.
Instead of reaching the ports to which
they are consigned, reach German war
ships at sea.
The Prince of Wales' relief fund now
has reached J15.000.000.
QUAKE KILLS THOUSANDS
Asia Minor Catastrophe Said to
Have Numbered 2500 Victims.
' LONDON. Oct. 5. An official anes-
sags from Constantinople transmitted
from Amsterdam t the Central News
says that the victims of an earthquake
In the Province of Konia. Asia Minor.
Saturday night are estimated at 2600.
TEUTONS BEATEN IN
EAST, SAYS SLAV
GERMAN LOSS PUT AT 70,000
Two of Czar's Armies Advance
CARPATHIAN LEGEND GOES
That Kastern Range of Mountains Is
Impregnable Proved Myth by
Onward March or Slav Sur
rounded Battery Drowns.
ROME, via Paris, Oct. 6. The Rus
sian embassy here tonight made public
an official communication received
from the Russian headquarters staff,
"The defeat of the Germans is com
plete. Their retreat Is changing into
a rout that is so disorderly and precipi
tate that they are forced io abandon
"Two Russian armies are proceeding,
one from the west and another from
the south, toward Allenstein (in last
Prussia, 60 miles southeast of EIbing.
"The German losses have not yet
been officially, ascertained, but it is
estimated that they had 70,000 men
RUSSIANS CROSS CAR PATHl.WS
Legend of Impregnability of Moun
tains Declared Destroyed.
LONDON, Oct. 5. 11:50 P. M.- A Reuter
dispatcb from Petrograd says:
"Side by side with the official ac
count , of the German defeat on the
Russo-Prusslan frontier, details are
published of the Russians crossing the
Carpathians, which, as one writer says,
destroys the legend that tha Eastern
Carpathians art impregnable.
Before attaining Uszok Pass the
Russians successively captured, by a
w-lnding flank movement, three well
masked positions which were strongly
defended by guns. Each time the Rus
sians charged the enemy fled, and the
Russians followed up the Austrian re--treat
with shrapnel and quick fire, in
flicting heavy losses.
"During the Russian retreat through
the Mazur Lake district, in Bast Prus
sia, a Russian battery was' surrounded
on three sides by the enemy's quick
firers The infantry was on the other
side of the lake and the Russian am
munition was exhausted. In order to
avoid being captured the commander
ordered the battery to gallop over the
declivity into the" lake. His orders
were obeyed and he himself was among
"During an assault on the fortress of
Ossowetz. a German column got into
a bog. The Russians shelled the bog
and the single road crossing It. The
Germans, in trying to extricate them
selves, sank deeper into the mire and
hundreds were killed or wounded. Of
the 'whole column unly about 40 sur
vived." GERMANS RKSISTING RUSSIAN'S
Petrograd Says Retreat or Foe Con
WASHINGTON, Oct. 5. Colonel Gol
ajewski, military attache of the Rus
sian Embassy here, has issued the fol
lowing official statement received to
night from Petrograd:
"In Bast Prussia the retreat of the
Germans continues. They are. how
ever, making attempts- to offer resis
tance in previously selected and forti
fied positions on a line from Werjbo
lowo to Lyk."
. Russians Invading Hungary. '
LONDON, Oct. 5. 10:10 A. M. A dis
patch to the Star from Rome, speaking
of. the Russian invasion of Hungary,
says: "Having captured all the Car
pathiaa passes, the Russians have com
menced the invasion Of Hungary, ad
vancing to the south, and they have
Occupied Hosszumezo. Then the Cos
sacks effected a daring coup. They '
crossed the river and cut the railway
at Cziget. thus isolating the remainder
GERMANS ARREST PASTOR
Boston - Minister, Taken as Spy at
Brussels, Saved- by Mr. Whitlock.
LONDON. Oct. 5. Rev. Albert A.
Williams, of Boston, has reached Lon--don
after arrest and imprisonment in
Brussels at the hands of the Germans
on a charge of Deing an English spy
and with trying to buy information
concerning the movement of German
Notes made by Mr. Williams in a
French dictionary for a sermon on the
horrors of war fell into the hands of
the Germans when he was arrested. A
German Lieutenant thought they con
stituted code messages.- because of the
abbreviated form In which they had
been put down. Mr. Williams was ar
rested at the Metropole Hotel In 3rus
sels and taken to military headquar
ters. He was held with SO other pris
oners, mostly Belgians, and put through
a drastic examination. He was not per
mitted to communicate with Brand -Whitlock.
American Minister in Brus
sels. Finally he persuaded a German
student that he was not a tpy and
be managed to get a letter to Mr. Whit
lock. who brought about his release'