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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 28, 1914)
TTTE OTCTSGOXIAN. MONDAY, f5TPTE3IB"ER.
SAID TO MEAN PEACE
Richard Bartholdt Declares
Teutonic Race Will Never
REVIEWS PAST FRIENDSHIP
Americans Reminded of Services or
Baron von Steuben in War of In
dependence and of Aid Given
in Civil War.
NEW YORK, Sept. 27. Many hun
dreds of German-Americans attended
exercises in Terrace Garden today,
marking- the 13th anniversary here of
German day a day set apart to bring
together the Germans in this country
and revive the sentiment of the father
land. Numerous speeches marked the
two sessions of the day, the principal
one being delivered in the evening by
Representative Bartholdt, of Missouri.
Mr. Bartholdt pointed out that Fred
erick the Great was the first to recog
nize the cause of the American revolutionists-
and sent one of his best
Generals, Baron von Steuben, whose
abilities as an organizer helped make
the victories of George Washington
possible; that Germany was almost the
only country which showed a friendly
attitude towards this country during
the Civil War, and that German bank
ers were the only ones in Europe to aid
the United States financially during the
Demands by Jnpan Predicted.
Referring to Japan's entry into the
war, the speaker said this did not por
tend any good for the United States.
"England's summons to the black
man, the brown man and the yellow
man to fight her battles against a white
and highly cultured nation," he said,
"will not be the end of it. Japan will
demand her pound of flesh, which 19
bound to be cut out of the skin of one
Uncle Sam. Even now supremacy in
the Pacific may have been promised the
yellow man in return for his present
aid and for the protection by Japan of
"On whom, if not on Germany, could
we rely for assistance if we ever had
a falling out with Japan?" he asked.
"Certainly not on England.
Falr-Mindcd Comment Urged.
"German-Americans are justifiably
embittered," he continued, "at the ani
mosity which is shown dn the Anglo
American press. It always has been
an invariable rule of the German
Americans here to show the utmost loy
alty to the United States, and the least
they can ask is that the press of this
country show fair-mindedness toward
the country from which they came."
In conclusion Mr. Barthold"t ventured
a prophecy by saying:
"A defeat or dismemberment of the
German empire will mean eternal war,
because the Teutonic race will never
accept such a result. A victory of the
two Germanic nations, however, will
bring eternal peace. Both Germany and
Austria-Hungary cherish peace, and
their two rulers wish for their people
the blessings of fruitful civilization, the
growth of industry and trade, and the
-highest development of the arts and
sciences; and the condition of such
progress and the healing of the wounds
caused by this horrible war is a secure
and permanent peace anchored upon an
international agreement providing for
disarmament and 1 for a high court of
nations which will adjust all the peo
ple's differences, and whose decisions
will be backed up by an International
AMERICANS IN NO HURRY
Hundreds of Wealthy Still in Switz
erland; Captives Are Traded.
PARIS. Sent. 27. There are still be
tween 800 and 900 Americans in
Switzerland, according to the latest
estimate. Most of those remaining be
long to the wealthy class and are in no
hurry to go home.
At Basel yesterday German and
French Red Cross officers were ei
changed and will return to their re
spectlve countries. The interchange
was supervised by Swiss officers. The
French and Germans held a friendly
meeting, exchanging cards, drinking the
health of one another and discussirig
their war experiences.
AUSTRIA TO USE RESERVES
Men of Mature Age to Be Sent to
Galician and Servian Fronts.
ROME, via Paris. Sept. 27. Dis
patches from Austria report that a de
cree has been issued which says:
"In view of the heroic dash of the
Austrian army, the Emperor has grant.
ed the reservists the honor to go and
light for the defense of the fatherland.
The Austrian reservists are men of
mature age with families; they are not
leeallv required to leave their prov
inces, but they will be sent to Galicia
or the Servian frontier.
NEW YORK IN PEACE MOVE
Several Thousand Take Part in
NEW YORK, Sept. 27. An assenv
blage of several thousand persons to
dav took part in a peace demonstra
tion about Grant's tomb, on the south
facade of which are carved the words
of the General. "Let us have peace."
Delegations from -the various leading
women's clubs of the city took part in
the pilgrimage to the tomb, and thou-
sandi of automoDUes iiying peace pen
nants drove past.
GERMANS FAIL IN MOVE
- (Continued From Flrat Page.)
"A bis Cv-lumn is retreating along
the road toward Sanok from Przemysl,
Galicia, after being shelled from the
heights by "Russian artillery. In their
hurried retreat the enemy ieii pans ui
their train of motorcars.
"The Russians defeated the enemy
at Ushen. in the Carpathians, captur
' inc- artillery and many prisoners. C6n-
tinuinz their pursuit. the Russians
have entered the borders of Hungary."
PETROGRAD, Sept. 27. The general
staff today gave out the following
"The German attempts to cross the
River Niemen, near Drusenikl (Rus
sian Poland), have been foiled by our
General Retreat Reported.
The German artillery has been un
able to oppose our offensive movement
near Sopotzkin. The German retreat
towards the government of Suwalki
has become general. The fortress of
Ossowetz continues to resist the Ger
man heavy siege artillery with success.
"The fights In Galicia have been
marked by special tenacity, particular
ly at a hill where the Hungarians were
dislodged from three positions and
withdrew in disorder. "We have taken
& whole battery of several hundred
prisoners. The pursuit of the enemy
"The fords of the river Vislok are
occupied by the Russians.' The Aus
trian rear guards have fallen back to
MARSHES HAMPER GERMANS
Battle Line on East Prussian Fron
tier Is 2 0 Miles Bong.
LONDON. Sept. 27. A Petrograd dis
patch to Reuter's says: ,
"As disclosed by the official an
nouncements, the fighting line -of the
East Prussian frontier does not ex
ceed 30 versts (20 miles). Both Sopotz
kin and Druskeniki, where the Rus
sians accepted battle, are on the left
bank of the River Niemen. Sopotzkin is
30 versts west of Grodno.
"On the German right, in the vicin
ity of the River Bober, are vast
marches, rendering operations difficult.
The Germans at one point are only 30
versts from the Warsaw-Petrograd
Railway, but the Russian trocrps and
the Rixer Niemen intervene.
"From all quarters high praise is
bestowed on the Russian military
motorcyclists, especially for their serv
ives in blowing up bridges when neces
sary. "The Rechs says that the Governor
General of Irkutsk, who is now in
Petrograd, proposes to employ many
of the prisoners in the construction of
the Amur railway."
GUARD TRAINING URGED
NEED OF MILITARY TRAINING IN
General Wood Makes Pica for Co-opera.
tlon, and Civilians Are Invited
to Become Acquainted.
NEW YORK. Sept 26. Major-General
Leonard Wood was the guest of honor
at a reception and dinner given by the
Army and Navy Club last night in
celebration of its 25th anniversary. The
guests included members of the New
lork National Guard, officers from
forts and garrisons, naval officers from
warships in the harbor and officials of
non-military civilian clubs.
This" Is the time for the people of
the United States to realize that you
cannot make a soldier or a sailor in a
day," said Major E. W. TJayton. of the
National Guard of New York. "In view
of the great war we should realize that
we need a great reserve, and that re
serve is- our National Guard. If war
should ever come, the training that the
soicuer gets in the National Guard
would be invaluable. The idea of lnvit
ing civilian guests from the various
clubs to this reception is to awaken
their interest in the National Guard and
General Wood voiced similar sentl-
ents and urged better co-operation
between the Regular Army and the Na
President Oliver B. Bridgeman an
nounced that the club autv Titles
wished the military and naval officers
to become as well acquainted as possi
ble with members of the non-military
clubs. In pursuance of this policy tr
evening was given over . to informal
chats between officers and civilians.
SERVIANS LOSE HEAVILY
DELAYED DISPATCH TELLS OF
BATTLE LASTING FORTNIGHT.
Nlan Says Fortunes of Conflict Varied.
Independent Columns Pene
PARIS, Sept 27. A dispatch to, the
Havas agency from Nish, Servia. dated
September 24, and delayed in transmis
"The Servians lost heavily in the bat
tle with the Austrians, v.-hich has been
progressing for a fortnight. The Aus
trians have brought five army corps
into action. With several brigades of
fresh troops they crossed the River
Drina and attacked the Servians, whose
numbers were inferior.
"More than 30,000 Austrians, with
much artillery and machine guns, ad
vanced with the object of reaching
Kroupani, Valy and Evelo. The Servi
ans beat back the Austrian left wing,
which lost 10,0000 men in killed and
wounded. In the center, however, the
Servians were compelled to retire six
miles. " Later the Servians forced the
Austrian right wing also to retreat,
with enormous losses.
-iiAIeanwhile independent columns of
Servians and Montenegrins have ad
vanced far into Bosnia."
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It ' TIRCOS OP llTTH CORPS, OF ALGERIA, ON WAY TO FIGUT I'OB KllAXCK.
PARIS SAVED BY
ROUT OF PRINCE
Kaiser's Heir Declared First
German General Thoroughly
Whipped by Allies.
PATH OF GLORY GIVEN HIM
Humor of Wounding of Royal Son la
Still Persistent French Losses
Also Heavy, One Corps Being
Completely Wiped Out.
LONDON', Sept. 28. A Sezanne dis
patch to the Daily Telegraph dated Sep
tember 21 says:
"The first German army to be thor
oughly whipped on French soil was
that of the Crown Prince. Its rout
At the time of their victory the
French did not know the extent of the
damage they had inflicted upon the
German forces. Actually they had
smasneu the flower of the German mili
tary power. -
General von Klucks misfortunes
were due directly to the rout of the
Crown Prince's left wing on the night
or faeptember 6. It actually retreated
24 miles during that night.
Glory Saved for Crown Prince.
"In the plan of the German operations
the path that promised the greatest
glory was reserved for the Crown
Prince, but the French army opposed
him with splendid strategy. In retreat
they fought over every inch of the
ground and when the time came for the
offensive they assumed it In the most
Describing the battle on September
b, the correspondent says:
"The battle began at daybreak and
continued until dusk. The artillery lire
exceeded anything in history. The
losses, especially to the Germans, were
enormous. One estimate by a trained
observer placed as high as 100.000 the
German casualties, of which 20,000 were
Both Sides Softer Heavily.
"It must be remembered that the Bat
tie front extended for nearly 40 miles.
It was largely of marsh lands, and here
the enemy suffered most.
"The French also suffered heavily.
One corps was entirely wiped out. When
night came neither side could claim
much advantage in position gained and
a tremendous quantity of ammunition
had been expended. -
"Then on the nights of the 6th and
7th came the mysterious German re
treat. Various theories were advanced
to explain it. First, there may have
been a sortie from Verdun; such an
operation while the main force was
heavily engaged would bring havoc to
an army, second, the army transport
service may have broken down. This,
after the enormous expenditure of am
munition, might have compelled tire
Crown Prince's army to fall back or
Retreat Forced on Rest of Line.
"Of course, the fighting on this wing
continued for several days, but the Ger
mans were only trying to save what
was left of the badly crippled army
from complete destruction. '
"With the Crown Prince retreating,
there was nothing left for General von
Kluck's and General von Buelow's
armies but to execute the same maneu.
ver. This brought about the battle ot
the Oise, and all subsequent fighting,
and the rumor persists that the Crown
Prince was wounded. Whether this is
so or not, his army almost disappeared
from the theater of operations.
STRUGGLE IS XEAR DEADLOCK
Victory May Yet Depend on Which
Can Bring Up Fresh Troops.
LONDON, Sept. 28. The correspond
ent of the Telegraph, behind the French
forces,- sends the following:
- "The great effort on the part of the
allies to drive back the right wing of
the Germany army continues" with un
abated, fury. - Both sides seem deter
mined to fight the issue to a definite
conclusion in the northeast of France
and to ignore for the time being Alsace-Lorraine.
'In the allies' center both sides are
too strongly entrenched -to allow any
great offensive movement on the part
of either toward the left wing. If the
German right can be turned the Ger
mans must abandon the fortified posi
tions on other parts ot th'o long line
and withdraw their1" immense forces
"FIRE-EATERS" OF FRENCH ARMY LEAVING PAEIS. ' '
either through Belgium or Luxem
The armies cannot keep up -the
struggle much longer and unless one
side soon obtains a decided advantage
we shall see stalemate results all along
the f ront Then "victory can be won
only by the side which is able to bring
up absolutely fresh forces which have
not felt the strain of two months of
"The strain of this modern fighting
is something never known before. The
troops are under fire sometimes for
days. If they escape the rifles and
machine guns they are within range of
the deadly shrapnel, and if they are
too far off for shrapnel they come un
der the range of the howitzers and
siege guns. One may be under fire
anywhere within seven miles of the
"Officers from the front declare that
the Germans are more formidable ad
versaries when on the defensive . than
when advancing to an attack. They
dig themselves In extremely well and
they figure mathematically every
range, making their rifle fire deadly,
while the artillery finds the target
It is worth noting that the officers
from the front universally lament the
absence of accredited press corre
spondents at the front. They say the
official bulletins only feebly convey an
impression of the tremendous nature
of the war operations, while the sol
diers' letters and interviews, with hap
hazard returners from isolated sec
tions of the front, give a distorted, im
perfect and often incorrect idea of what
is going on."
GREAT AIRSHIP GIVEN UP
FRENCH SAID TO HAVE PLANNED
MONSTER RIVAL OF ZEPPELIN.
Plans Worked Out In tfetail. but Xe-
BtAtiatlona Too Late to Be of
Use in Present Conflict.
BERLIN, Sept 10. The Cologne Ga
zette prints the report that Just pre
vious to the outbreak of the war the
French mllitaxy authorities were plan
ning to build the "biggest airship in
As far as known to insiders, says
the article, "this new airship, the in
ventor of which is Arno Boerner, is to
have a length of 300 meters and
width of 20 meters; in other words,
it would be nearly three times as big
as a Zeppelin.
instead of the, baskets, this new
type has a bridge 'which extends from
the forepart along the entire length
of the airship in the afterpart. The gas
bags, of which there are about 50, have
a. quadratic ground plan and consists
each of three balloonettes linked to
gether and filled with hydrogen, nitro
gen and ordinary air. The hydrogen
balloonette is surrounded by nitrogen
the latter by air. By this system the
hydrogen should be prevented from
being exploded by lightning or ether
igniting agencies. Furthermore, the
escape of gas by diffusion is reduced
"According to the statements of the
Inventor, this airship would remain
afloat several days without interrup
tion and have a carrying capacity of
300 persons. It is certain that the plans
and calculations were worked out to
their minutest details and were sub
mltted to the French Ministry of War
in a comprehensive memorial. Imme
diately previous to the Austrian ulti
matum the negotiations were prog
ressed only to a stage where the
French government ordered the sum
of 500.000 francs to be appropriated
and entrusted a well-known company
the Zodiak Works, with the prelim
lnary work. This was too late to ren
der the airship available in the pres
TALK BY WOUNDED BARRED
Austria Prohibits Visits to Men From
ROME (via Paris), Sept. 28. A dis
patch from Trieste, Austria, says that
the authorities have prohibited the
population from approaching the
wounded soldiers who are constantly
Three slightly wounded soldiers who
were allowed to return to their fami
lies related the circumstances of the
fighting which they had witnessed and
WEEK WILL BE SHOWERY
Disturbance in Fur .West Predicted
for Tolay or Tomorrow.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 27 Normal
Fall weather, with little rain was fore
cast by the Weather Bureau tonight for
the coming week. .
"There will be frequent showers in
the North Pacific states," the bulletin
says, "and showers will attend a dis
turbance that will appear in the far
West Monday or Tuesday."
BREATH OF FRENCH
Unwounded Germans Dead on
Field Show Strange Power
of New Explosive. .
SOME STRICKEN JN SLEEP
Sixty' Lie Xear One Haystack and
Others Are Piled in Rows In
Trenches Entire Sec
tions Struck Down.
LONDON. Sept. 22. Confirming in i
degree the strange stories told of with
ering death dealt by a new explosive
used by French artillery, the Standard
correspondent has written from Dieppe:
"A visit to the field of battle of the
Marne shows the devastating power of
the French three-inch field gun to be
something of which we hitherto had
not dreamed. Entire sections and com
panies of Germans have been struck
as if bv simultaneous thunderbolts, re
minding one of nothing so much as the
wholesale extinction of the populations
of Herculaneum and Pompeii.
. "On the borders of one of the forests
a company of Prussian infantry at
bivouac Is laid out as it was surprised
by the fire. Two sentinels are still
grasping their rifles, and a little way
off a signal messenger lies by himself.
Further on, an officer on guard lies a
few yards from his men with loosened
belts and lying lr their blankets. Two
of them still hold playing cards in their
Sixty Dead Lie Near Haystseh.
"Those sleeping and those waking
were swept out of life together, with
out apparently having had time to
"Even more extraordinary is another
group of 60 dead lying about a small
haystack, as if in sleep, their rifles
stacked and their knapsacks arranged
in orderly heaps.
"In the outer ring the path of the
shells can be traced In a direct line
by heaps of bodies, but the particular
shell that killed these 60 struck them
in front, from behind and at the sides
with the same sudden death, and yet
none of them bears any outward wound.
There they are, stretched face down
ward or staring up at the sky. seem
ingly paralyzed by the mere force of
"The same mysterious results were
seen in many of the trenches, where
Germans were piled in rows. The
German army to the east and north of
Rheims was said to be strongly In
trenched in deep cuttings, with bomb
proof shelters and rest bouses under
ground, and veryv similar ones were
found at Betz, behind the Ourcq. One
of these was a mile and a quarter long.
with tunnels in all directions, yet it
was filled with dead.
Germans Rely on Bits Gons.
"Along the whole length of the bat
tle line, according to all the stories
of French artillery men, , Germans
never, were able to stand before the
fire of the French guns whenever it
found them out: but latterly, as soon
as a French battery opened, a hasty re
tirement was quickly followed by
heavy bombardment by big caliber Ger
man artillery far out of range.
"That the Germans are beginning to
feel discouraged is gathered from let
ters seized and statements made by
officer prisoners. A Lieutenant of
the Twenty - sixth Artillery Regiment
"The Tenth Corps has been fighting
incessantly since the beginning of the
campaign. Almost all our horses were
gone. We had been under fire every
day from 5 A. M. to 8 P. M. without
food or drink. The French Eighth
Artillery fire was terrific. I am so
worn out that I can hardly sit on a
horse even at a walk. Even at night
our men cannot rest. A French airman
last night threw four bombs, three of
which killed and wounded 20 horses
and four men. We get no letters."
'"An officer of the Prussian Guard
says: '.My regiment started with 60 of
ficers and only five are left out of
more than 2000 men. The regiment is
a mere remnant. "
Yuan Officiates at Temple.
PEKIN, Sept. 28. Between the hours
of three and six o'clock this morning.
President Yuan Shl Kal will officiate
at the first annual ceremony at the
Confuslan temple. The ceremony will
be elaborate. Special costumes signi
ficantly copied after those of the
I will show you
how your pencil
can make dollars
This sale of Pi
anos has been
authorized by or
der of court.
Now you take
your pencil and
count the dollars
H. P. Nelson,
Ivers & Pond
Melville Clark Player
We now have all these makes iu pianos,
player pianos or grand pianos.
Talking Machines Must Go
Columbia, Edison or Victor and lots of
If You Like
Many of These Grands of Old Reli
able Makes. Look at the List Above.
1 I &- orWrat f-l'lij
Wll You 3
1:1 K 11
C. E. LUCORE
ancients have been designed for the
President and other officers as des
cendants of Confucious.
IDAHO GETS MISS ARNOLD
Republican Woman Worker Keports
Cordial Reception in Oregon.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. Sept. 27. Miss Virginia Arnold,
who recently was sent to Portland with
Mrs. Jessie Hardy Stubbs to make a
campaign against the Democratic can
didates for Senate and House, will be
transferred to Boise to make a similar
fight against the Democratic candidates
in that state.
Mrs. Stubbs reported to headquarters
New Pianos.. $ 97.20
Player Pianos $188.00
Good Pianos. .$437.00
Just Look at the Prices
This Sale Authorized fcy Order of the
Terms $1 Down, $1 Per Week.
Pay more or all at any time. Almost
any piano sold on terms of 2 to 4 years.
Many really pood ones at only $44, $6S,
$74 think ot' it! The better ones also
included, cost a little more.
Must ro at any price it will brins;. Sharp
& Mack own it, but they have no place
Sheet Music 2c. some a little more.
Violins, 3 to $S, a few more. Every
thing equally low.
Total Values. Sale Price.
$1030 Weber Pianola 537
The finest and best made by the Aeolian
$1500 Lester Grand Pianola S66G
S8-Note, $500 Burmeister Pianola S218
$50 Emerson SS27
$575 Weber $288
$250 Ludwip What will you rivet
$600 or $700 Kingsbury Player Piano,
late 58-note $335
Would yon like a Steck Piano?. .. .$48
Terms : 75c per week.
Or a Steinway, same terms, for. . . .5j?SS
Or a beautiful upright $2S7.
We can show you the biggest bargains in
Klectr ic Pianos
$500 values $88 or $G00 values $166.
$650 values $278 or $750 values $388
We must also close out all fixtures. Four
Desks, two Safes, a number of Chairs,
Music Rolls, Rugs, Stools, Benches, Cabi
nets and Typewriters.
3SS Morrison St.
Open Evenings Until 9 o'Clock.
Age nt and
that she was receiving cordial support
from Oregon women and could spare
Miss Arnold for duty in Idaho.
RECIPES OF OUR PIONEER MOTHERS
for the home treatment of disease
were wonderfully dependable. True,
they knew nothing of drugs, but owed
their success to the roots, herbs ard
barks of the field. It is Interesting to
note that Lyilla E. Finkham's Vegetable
Compound, the most successful remedy
for female ills we have, was originally
prepared for home use from one of
these recipes. Its fame has now spread
from shore to shore, and thousands ot
American women now well and strong
claim they owe their health and happi
ness to Lydla K. Pinkham's Vegetable
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