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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 26, 1914)
VOL. LIV. NO. 16,?98.
PORTLAM); OREGON, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 2G, 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
ON GERMAN RIGHT
at Close Quarters.
DEEP TRENCHES BEING DUG
Preparations Made for Deter
. mined Siege of Verdun.
PLAIN LITTERED WITH DEAD
French War Office Hcports General
Action of Great Violence Between
Somme and Oise Rivers,
Battle I.itie Lengthened.
FAKIS. Sept. 25. The official com
munication issued at 11 o'clock to
right regarding the progress of the
battle in Northern France says that
this morning French troops in the re
Kion of Noyon were compelled to give
ground before superior forces, but, hav
ing: been reinforced, again assumed the
offensive, the engagement being one of
The text of the statement follows:
"1. On our left wing, in the region
to the northwest of Noyon, our ad
vanced troops having come in contact
with superior forces of the enemy,
"were compelled this morning to give a
. little ground. Being reinforced, how
ever, by fre3h troops, these troops have
vigorously resumed the offensive.
Struggle ISxtremely Violent.
"The struggle In this region has
taken on a character of extreme vio
lence. "U. In the center there is nothing
new to report. r v
"3. On our right wing the enemy has
begun to give way before the attacks
of our troops coming from the direc
tion of Nancy and TouL
"In the southern region of Woevre
the enemy is retiring toward Rupt de
Mad (in Meurthe-et-Moselle). The ac
"On the heights of the Meuse the Ger
man forces have succeeded in pene
trating nearly as far as St. Mihiel (on
the right bank of the Meuse, 20 miles
eouth-by-southeast of Verdun), but
have not been a. bio to cross-the river."
German Right Reinforced.
The official communication given
out in the afternoon said:
"First, on our left wing there has
begun a general action of great vio
lence between those detachments of
our forces that are operating between
the River Soinme and the River
Oise and the army' corps which the
enemy has grouped-- In the region
around Torgnier and St. Quentin.
"These army corps have come, some
from the center of the enemy's line and
others from Lorraine and the Vosges.
These last-named corps were trans
ported by rail to Cambrai. by way of
Liege and Valenciennes. To the north
of the River Aisne, as far as Berry-LU-Bac,
there has been no cnange of
"Second, on the center we have made
progress to the east of Rheims in the
direction of Berry and Moron villiers.
Foe Gains Footing; on Height.
"Farther to the east, as far as the
Argonne region, the situation shows
no change. To the east of the Ar
gonne the enemy has not been able
to move out of Varennes. On the right
bank of the River Meuse the enemy
succeeded in getting footing on the
heights of the Meuse, In the region of
the promontory of Hatton Chatel. and.
forced in the direction of St. Mihiel, he
bombarded the forts of Paroches and
of Camp-des-Romaln. To offset this,
to the south of Verdun, we remain
masters of the heights of the Meuse.
and our troops, moving out of Toul, ad
vanced until they reached the region
- "Third, on our right wing, Lorraine
and the Vosges, we have repulsed at
tacks of minor Importance on Nomeny.
To the east of Luneville the enemy has
made some demonstrations along the
lines of the River Vegouse and the
J1IXED ARMY MOVES GERMAN'S
Right "Wing's Line of Communica
'Uon Is in Peril.
AT THE BATTLE FRONT, Sept. 25,
via Paris. French and British troops.
Intermingled with Turcos and Moors,
caused the German western wing to
reel backwards near St. Quentin today
and imperiled the German lines of com
munication toward Belgium.
The German center has been weak
ened by the rush of troops from that
position to meet the threatening move
ment of the allies, and two strong
forces were engaged at close quarters
today between St. Quentin and Terg
Oler. The military authorities refuse to
permit disclosure of the exact position
of the fighting, but it is generally
known that the battle now progressing
is of prime importance.
Meanwhile, at other parts of the bat
tle line, which is about 120 miles long,
fighting continued today in dogged
fashion. The allied troops followed the
example set " by the Germans and dug
The artillery of both armies kept up
an incessant fire, while French and Ger
man aviators reconnoitered from above.
The commanders of the allied forces
have, found the reason for the wonder
ful precision of the German Are in a
iCoaoluded on Fas 2.)
YORK, Sept. 2S. The . Canard
liner Caronla, now an auxiliary Brit
ish cruiser, painted ateel gray, and
with bis (runs showing fore and aft,
teamed off Sandy Hook today. For
three days the Caronia has been 1m
thin vicinity, but today was the first
time observers ashore had seen her.
LONDON, Sept. 25 A dispatch to the
Central News '"from Lucerne, Switzer
land, aaya that military operations In
Upper Alsace have been brought to a
pause in consequence of falls of now
in the mountains and floods In the val
leys. Among the last icseniati called
up In Alsace, according to the dispatch,
are 3b Trappist monks from the Oel
LONDON, Sept. 23. In a dispatch
from Rome, the correspondent of the
Central News saya the Italian authori
ties have issued a decree prohibiting
all aerial navigation over Italian, ter
ritory. LO.NDOX, Sept. 25. A Central News
dispatch from Rome aaya that the Aus
trian seaport of Llasau, in Dalmatian
was bombarded by a French fleet Sep
tember 10. Later troops were landed
from the French warships and went
into garrison. British and French
flags were hoisted over the semaphore
station at LIssau.
LONDOX. Sept. 25. German troops
are being transported Into France over
the railway line between Munich, Glad
bach and Alx-la-Chapelle, according to
the Amsterdam correspondent of Ren
ter's Telegram Company, who saya that
this fact Is announced la a telegram
LONDON, Sept. 25. The Belgian mall
rteamer Leopold II, which arrived at
Folkestone today from Ostend, accord
ing to the Central News, reports that
she narrowly escaped damage by a
bomb dropped from the Zeppelin air
ship which yesterday flew over Ostend.
Fragments of a bomb fell on the steam
LONDON, Sept. 25. Telegraphing
from" Amsterdam, the correspondent of
the Reutcr Telegram Company says the
thirty-first Uermas cnsuslty list, car
rying a total of about lOOO men. killed,
wounded and missing, has been given
out. It included the names of 23 of
ficers of one regiment, killed in five
LONDON, Sept. 25. Cabling from
Amsterdam, the correspondent of the
Central News says a telegram received
there from Maeatrlcbt conveys the
news that arrivals from Liege are de
claring that the Germans are blowing
up all the bridges In the vicinity of
that city that might be of strategic
value to their enemies.
LONDON, Sept. 26. German aviators
on Friday dropped bombs on the. race
course of Amiens, thinking It to be an
aviation camp, according to a dispatch
from Boulogne to the Dally Express.
ROME, Sept. 25, via London The
Glornale d'ltalla publishes a report
from Basel that -.Switzerland has re
fused a request from the Germans for
Permission to send three armr corns
across Swiss territory.
ROOSEVELT'S VOICE WEAK
Half of Huge St. Louis Audience
Fails to Hear Speech.
ST. LOUIS. Sept. 25. Theodore Roose
velt denounced the Republican and
Democratic parties in a 30-mlnuta
speech here tonight. His voice was
weak and within 10 minutes almost
half the huge audience which had
gathered in the National Guard's arm
ory departed, realizing that the ex
President could not send his. words
across the full length of the hall.
"The policy of the Republican party."
he said, "is such as to make some men
prosper too much The policy of the
Democratic party is such as to make
no man prosper enough. The Progres
sive party stands intelligently for pros
perity, but it proposes to pass that
PORTLAND AIRMAN MISSING
Searchers Beating Coast of Califor
nia Following Air Flight.
LOS ANGELES, Sept. 25. Search
waa instituted late tonight at Coast
points near here for trace of Silas
Christofferson, Portland aviator; C
Frenah, mechanician, and Lieutenant
Morrow, of the Government aviation
school, at San Diego, who today at
tempted a flight in an areoplane from
San Diego to Los Angeles.
The areoplane was last sighted dur
ing the afternoon flying over the water
near Newport Beach. The machine waa
not equipped with pontoons.
GERMAN DIES IN AIR DUEL
Belgian Aviator Drops Pursuer in
Flight Over Brussels.
LONDON. Sept. 25. A duel in the air
over Brussels between a Belgian bi
plane, which was making a . recon
naissance, and a German machine which
was in pursuit' of the biplane, is de
scribed briefly by a correspondent of
the Exchange Telegraph Company, who
saw the contest.
The two machines ascended to a
great altitude and after a swift flight
the aviators exchanged shots at short
range. Suddenly the German turned
turtle and fell and tho Belgian biplane
returned towards Antwerp.
AMERIP N HOUSE STONED
Mexicans Make Demonstration Be
fore Consulate, Say Refugees.
EL PASO, Tex., Sept. 25. Stones
were thrown through the windows of
the residence of the American Vice-Consu-1
at Parral on September 15, de
clared American refugees arriving at
the border today.
FRENCH SOLDIER 15
FOLLY IS ALMOST CRIMINAL
John T. McCutcheon Tells of
Observations in Field.
EVIDENCE OF ROUT SEEN
Killing of Citizen, in Hons Believed
Part of German Policy of Retal
iating on Dweller When
Sniping Is Done.
BT JOHN T. M'CDTCHION.
(Copyright. 1914. by John T. McCutcheon.
Published by arrangement with the Chi
AIX-LA-CIiAPPELLE. Sept. 10. On
the morning of August- 26, after buying
some underwear, shirts, socks and ci
gars, we left Kincho for Maubeuge,
where we were told a great battle was
Four hundred thousand French and
110,000 English were said to. be under
the protection of the seven great French
forts at Maubeuge. We were also
told that there were 25 French and
English aeroplanes and two dirigibles
Lewis and I rode the two bicycles.
Cobb and Bennett followed in tho cart
which we had bought the evening be
fore in Binche.
KlrLnj Hmvjt 14 Miles Away.
There was heavy firing off toward
Maubeuge, 14 miles away In a direct
A German aeroplane, several thou
sand feet up, swept over us soon after
we started, flying in the direction of
Maubeuge. A few Belgian refugees
were in the great tree-lined highway
that led southward from Binche.
Lewis and I rode ahead, expecting to
strike signs of the German column, but
a native told us the Germans had cut
off on another road leading southeast
For the first time in days we have got
out of touch with -the German army, and
it seemed inexpressibly lonely not to
hear the familiar rumble of the col
umns under way.
Search for Battle Continued.
We were told that a great column
had started oft to the northwestward,
but had retraced Its way, and, being
now headed for Beaumont, was some
where on the roads to the east.
We debated the advisability of re
turning and picking up -the trail, but
(Concluded on Page
- ." . ..... ,, .....
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TESTERDATS Maximum temperature,
degree; minimum, 64 degrees.
TODAY'S Rain; southerly .winds.
Navy TJepartment closes Marconi wireless
station. Page 1. -
Sick and wounded negleeted by armies In
field. Page 2.
Maubeuge fortress thought impregnable un
til German artillery smashes them.
New French gun said to fire turplnite,
which suffocates enemy painlessly.
Battle especially Intense on German right
wing in France. Page L.
Great Britain caring for thousands of Bel
gian refugees. Page 6,
War tax bill passed by Rouse. Page 2.
Admiralty says two British cruisers were
sunk because they , went to rescue of
third. Pag 1.
Premier Asqulth visits Ireland and asks aid.
Page 8. ...
McCutcheon says FTenoh uniform is almost
criminal folly. Page 1.
Fight on war tax bill to be carried to limit
to help Republican campaign. Page 18.
Secretary MoAdoo publishes list of banks
having high reserves. . Page .
House passes revenue tax measure. Page 2k
Waterway from Massachusetts to ''Rio
Grande Secretary Daniel's idea. Page S.
Central Pacific not rival of Southern Pa
cific. Union Pacific president declares.
Carranza's rmy routed in first fight of
new revolt. Page 5.
Coast League results: Portland 10, Mis
sions 3; San Francisco 1, Los Angeles O;
Venice . Oakland 3. Page 12.
Willamette beaten 23 to in first game of
season against Alumni. Page 12.
Portland Golf Club will make haste slowly
In enlarging links as planned. Page 12.
New Portland Golf Club to enlarge. Page 12.
Winning pacer suspended at Columbus.
Best riders In West fall to conquer prairie
outlaws at Pendleton. Pag 7.
Injunction asked against Yamhill School
Fair. Page 7.
Commercial and Marine.
Local stocks of wheat Increasing rapidly.
Wheat lower at Chicago, as traders fear
large gain in visible supply. Psg 17.
Mexico City carries 152 Chinese bound for
Callo and -lquique. Page 17.
Portland and Vicinity.
Methodist pastor says Bible awakens lib
erty. . Page 16.
Woman, on trial, bares all of love tragedy
In which a. C. Llndatrom meets death.
Congressional session keeps many political
orators out' of fray. Page 11.
Chief Justice Stewart of Idaho dies In
Portland. Page 4.
Ex-edltors and present chief of religious
paper meet for first timet Pag 16.
Weather report, data and forecast. Pag 13.
Columbia Highway opened for sight-seers
tour. Page 18. ,
Mr, Booth finds Eastern Oregon solid tor
Republicans. Pag 13.
Successive editors of Methodist publication
meet in Portland. Page 16.
Colonel C. E. S. Wood traces Chamberlain's
record. Pag 13.
ALLIES HELD TOTAL 50,000
Rome ' Says Germans Admit Larger
Figure- Is Erroneous.
LONDON, Sept. 25. The Central
News has received the following dis
patch from Rome: '
"A message from Berlin says thie
general staff having agreed to com
plete the osTicial lists of prisoners, has
found it necessary to admit that the
totals already announced were er
roneous. The aggregate number of
prisoners in German hands is. now re
duced from 250,000 to 50,000, of whom
30,000 are Russians."
2 OF CRUISERS SUI
TRYING TD SAVE LIFE
Admiralty in Future
HAZARD TO BE PROHIBITED
Disabled Ships Must Be Left
to Own Resources.
BRITISH REPORT ISSUED
Vessels Sank by German Submarine
Declared to Have Fired at At
tackers Number Regarded
as Not Established.
LONDON, Sept. 15. The facts con
cerning the sinking of the British
cruisers Abouklr, Hogue and Cressy by
a German submarine or submarines in
the North Sea with a loss of nearly 60
officers and 1400 men are contained in
an admiralty statement issued tonight:
The reports of Commanders Nichol
son, of tho Cressy, and Norton, of the
Hogue, say that the Abouklr was hit by
one torpedo and sank in 35 minutes.
Three torpedoes were fired at the
Cressy, one of the explosives missing
narrowly. She lasted from 35 to 45
minutes. The Hogue was struck twice,
10 to 20 seconds elapsing between the
torpedoes, and went under in nvo min
More This One Not Proved.
The Cressy fired on the submarine
and some of the officers were confident
that the shots sank her. Commander
Nicholson says that the three torpedoes
directed against his ship might have
been fired by the same submarine and
that there is no real proof that more
than one was -engaged.
The reports show that tha strictest
discipline was maintained and that
acts of heroism were performed, but
the admiralty has established the rule
that such affairs must be governed by
the' same laws as prevail in naval
actions and that disabled ships musd?"' wh,cn during; tho arly weeks
h left to their own resource, rather of tho war wa una constant fire
be left to their own resources rather
than that other ships should be
placed,, in Jeopardy by rescue work.
Two Lost Savins Lives.
Tho statement follows:
"The facts of this. affair cannot be
better conveyed to the public than by
the attached reports of the 'senior
officers who have survived and have
landed in England. '
, "The sinking of tha Aboukir was, of
course, an ordinary hazard of pa
trolling duty. The Hogue and the
Cressy, however, were sunk because
they proceeded to the assistance of
Concluded on Page 4.)
Friday's War Moves
ALMOST simultaneously the two
great hammer strokes in the bat
tle in Northern France have fallen
and some decisive result must be an
nounced before long. Tho allies have
struck the. German right wing and the
Germans, on their part, have hurled
themselves against the French line be
tween Verdun and TouL Tho begin
ning of these two attacks in earnest
was disclosed by the French official
statement issued yesterday, but little
is told of how they are progressing.
Tho action against the German right
is described as exceedingly violent. - It
is said tha French left encountered an
army corps composed of troops which
the Germans brought from the center
of Lorraine and the Vosges.
Tho clash- Occurred in the district
between Torgnier, and St. Quentin. so
the French have made considerable ad
vance to the northwest since tho last
mention was made of this part of their
army. Tho country is a rolling one.
intersected by streams, canals and a
perfect network of roads running in
The French report admits that the
Germans have succeeded in gaining a
footing on the Meuse heights and have
pushed forward in tho direction of St.
Mihiel, bombarding the forts of Par
oches and tho Roman camp, which face
each other across the Meuse. The
communication, however, adds that on
the other hand, to tho south of Verdun,
the . French remain masters of the
heights of the Meuse and that their
troops debouching from Toul have ad
vanced In the region of Beaumont.
In the contest to the east of Rheims
the French have made some progress,
but elsewhere nothing of Importance
has happened so far as is known in the
official reports, and no other informa
tion is available, as tho strictest cen
sorship has now been established.
Some confirmation comes of previous
reports that the Germans have suf
fered a reverse on the east Prussian
frontier. Several trainloads of wounded.
Including German prisoners, have ar
rived at Pskov, according to a Petro
grad dispatch, having been engaged in
severe fighting on the borders of Su
walkai. where they say the Germans
suffered heavy losses.
In Galicia the Russians have annexed
a few more towns and are perfecting
their plans for an attack on Prremysl
and advance against General Dankl and
eventually tho fortress of Cracow.
While the Servians and Montenegrins
are closing In on the Bosnian city of
Sarayevo. tho Austrlans have retaliated
by resuming tho bombardment of Bel
irom tne Austrian guns across the
river. They have also attempted to
cross tho Danube," but, according to
Servlanreports, have failed.
The French and British navies have
annexed tho Island of Lissa, in the
Adriatic. Tho object of this capture.
according to Italian reports, waa tc
Induce tho Austrian fleet to come out
and accept battle.
Tho Australian navy also has been
busy again, and has added another
German possession in the South Pacific
to its list of captures. This time it is
Kaiser Wilhelm's Land, the German
portion of New Guinea, one of the Em
peror's most valuable colonies in that
part of the world. It is expected that
Admiral Patey will take the rest of the
German Pacific islands, leaving a small
garrison at each.
German aeroplanes have again been
flying along the Belgian and French
coast, and have dropped bombs at Os
tend and Boulogne, without doing i
great amount of damage. They have
not yet ventured across the Channel, but
are fully expected to do so when condi
tions, are favorable.
While these craft drop bombs, the
object of their flights doubtless is to
tind out what the allies are doing on
tne coast. The Germans expect some
move in that direction, as. according to
reports from Belgian and Dutch sources.
they are strengthening their positions
through the occupied territory.
BISHOP SPALDING KILLED
Head of Episcopal Church. In Utah
Victim of Auto Upset.
SALT LAKE CITV. Sept. 25. Bishop
F. S. Spalding, head of the Episcopal
Church m Utah, was instantly killed
here tonight when an automobile in
which he was riding struck a curb and
Bishop Spalding's skull was badly
fractured and his neck broken. The car
was driven by a young daughter of
Judge William. H. King, who is one of
the best-known . Democratic politicians
in tha West and ex-Representative in
Congress from this district.
HEARING SET FOR THAW
Motion to Advance Case Will Come
TTp October 12.
CONCORD, N. H.. Sept 25. Counsel
for Harry K. Thaw were notified to
day that the United States Supreme
Court had ordered a hearing October
12 on a motion of the State of New
York for the advancement of the Thaw
case on the docket for final argu
ment. Two questions are before the court
for adjudication whether he shall be
admitted to bail and whether he shall
be returned to the Matteawan Asylum,
from which he escaped In August, 1913.
Xurses Killed In, Battle.
PARIS, Sept. 25. The French Society
for the Assistance of tho "Wounded an
nounces the killing of seven nurses
and tho wounding of two others while
on hospital duty during the shelling of
Rheims. Five of those killed were mem
bers of a religious order, the others
were young graduate nurses.
ii nrinri rnn
iMUIUU W htltib
STATION IS CLOSED
Navy Acts Regardless
COMPANY DOES NOT RESIST
Demand First Made Whether
Force Will Be Used. .
FEDERAL RIGHT SET UP
Government Contention Is President
Has Full Authority Tender Lrw
to Enforce Neutrality by
Means of Censorship.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 25. By order
of President Wilson and with the as
sistance of the Army and Navy, the
wireless station of the Marconi Com
pany at Slasconset. Mass.. was closed
today because it declined to recognize
the right of the Federal Government to
exercise a censorship over the plant.
The Navy Department took no cognl.
sance of the fact that tho Marconi Com
pany had filed in a Federal Court an
application for an injunction to restrain
the Naval officers from closing or cen
soring the station. The wireless com
pany finally decided to offer no resist
ance and the station was closed at 1
Telegram Made Public.
The Navy Department made public
tonight the telegrams that had passed
between the Department and Ensign K.
B. Nixon, U. S. N., In charge at the Slas
conset station. The statement follows:
"At 1:28 P. M. the Navy Department
received the following message from
Ensign Nixon. Government Inspector at
the Slasconset station.
"'Slasconset, Mass., Sept. 25, 1914
The following letter was received when
your instructions were delivered to the
Marconi man in charge of this station:
""I acknowledge receipt of your let
ter of instructions relative to the ces
sation of all radio communications at
Slasconset, Mass., and would ask if you
are prepared to carry out your orders
" "Marconi Wireless Telegraph Com
pany of America."
"'I request instructions.
" 'E. C. NIXON.'
Opposition Is Withdrawn.
"At 2:17 P. M. the Department re
ceived the following:
" 'Slasconset, Mass., 6ept 25. Secre
tary of the Navy, Washington. D. C.
The Marconi Company withdraws letter
previously sent and the station was
closed at 1 P. M. . E. B. NIXOX.'
"No Instructions from the Depart
ment had been sent to Ensign Nixon
between the receipt of these two mes
sages." Attorney-General Gregory's opinion
on tho legality of the action, which
also was made public, follows:
"On August 6. 1914. the President is
sued an executive order prohibiting all
radio stations within the Jurisdiction
of the United States from transmitting
or receiving for delivery messages of
an unneutral nature and from in any
way rendering to any one of the bel
ligerents any unneutral service during
the continuance of hostilities.
"The President directed the Secretary
of the Navy to enforce this order, dele
gating to him the requisite authority.
For its adequate enforcement it was
deemed necessary that to some degree
a Government censorship should he es
tablished in radio stations and instruc
tions to that end were issued by the
Secretary of the Navy.
"Apparently this censorship waa ac
quiesced in by the wireless company
as a fair solution of the problem in
volved. "Tho Marconi Wireless Telegraph
Company of America now complains of
the administration of the censorship,
questions the right of the Secretary to
institute It and Invites argument as to
the legality of the right asserted.
President's Authority Asserted.
"The President of tne United States
is at the head of one of the three great
co-ordinate departments of the Govern-'
ment. He is Commander-in-Chief of
tho Army and the Navy. For the preser
vation of the safety and integrity of
the United States and the protection of
it responsibilities and obligations as
a sovereignty his powers are broad. In
the words of Mr. Justice Miller in re
N eagle (1S90), 135 United States, 64, his
power includes the enforcement of the
duties and obligations growing out of
the Constitution itself, our internation
al relations and all the protection im
plied by the nature of the Government
under the Constitution, -
"If the Fresldent is of the opinion
that the relations of this country with
foreign nations are, or are likely to
be, endangered by actions deemed by
him inconsistent with a due neutrality.
It is his right and duty to protect such
relations, and In doing so, in the ab
sence of any statutory restrictions, he
may act through such executive officer
or department as appears best adapted
to effectuate the desired end. The act
of such executive officer or depart
ment in such case is the act of the
President; a denial of the officer's au
thority is a denial of the President s
. Powers Are Not Novel.
The power above outlined are nat
novel; they have been exercised In nu
merous emergencies by Presidents of
the United States, and whenever their
(Concluded on Pae 2.)