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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 25, 1914)
VOL.. L.IV. NO. 16,797.
PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1914.
!CE FIVE CENTS.
Vigorous Attacks Met by
ALLIES CAPTURE PERONNE
Both Sides Massing Troops
for Decisive Battle, Not
Yet Really Begun.
FIGHTING IS HAND-TO-HAND
Contest in France Takes on
Nature of Siege, Broken
AT THE BATTLE FRONT, Sept.
24 (via Paris). The - German of
fensive was extremely vigorous today
at the western end of the long line
strelching along the rivers Oise,
Aisne and Woevre. -
The allied troops, whose gaps had
been filled with freshly arrived re
inforcements, not only repeatedly
thrust back the masses of Germans
thrown against them, but eventually
carried out a successful counter at
tack, which resulted in the gaining
of considerable ground and the def
inite capture of Peronne, about which
town the fiercest engagement oc
curred. Germans Mow Down Hundreds.
At one place the victims of the
deadly German machine guns were
counted in hundreds, especially where
the advance was across an open
wheat field that recently had been
Borne men of a French regiment
which was making a dash toward the
German position when it was struck
by the sweeping fire were found dead
in the kneeling posture they had
taken behind the sheaves of wheat and
from where they had emptied their
magazines, intending to start a final
rush and bayonet charge.
900 Buried in One Trench.
After the fight 900 dead were
buried in & single trench six feet deep,
the Germans being placed at one end
and the French at the other.
Farther toward the east, near
Berry-au-Bae, on the Aisne, north of
Rheims, there appears to be concen
trated a large German force which
has stolidly occupied strong en
trenehments, from which it is most
difficult to dislodge them. Hereabouts
the fighting has been of a desultory
character with, however, slight ad
vantage in favor of the allies.
The men of both armies- in this vi
cinity seem to be enjoying their rest,
Battle Vigorous Above Verdun.
On the Eastern wing, the Germans
are throwing enormous masses of men
against the French troops protecting
the line of defensive forts above Ver
dun; but up to the present their ef
forts, although costing immense sac
rifices, have been vain and the French
. line remains intact.
The military experts shower praise
ou General Joffre for the way in
which his plans are carried out. Ow
ing to the strictness of the censorship
it is impossible to give an idea of the
allies' ultimate intentions.
GEltMASS ARE RECUPERATING
. Strong Positions, Previously Pre
pared, Now Occupied.
LONDON. Sept. 24 The Bordeaux
correspondent of the Times says that
the Germans apparently are concen
trating their attack on the line of forts
between Verdun and Toul. On the
French center and left, he says, the
allies have reason for confidence He
"Let there be no mistake the enemy
are going to give serious trouble along
the line where, with striking recupera
tive power, they managed to gather
their routed hosts fleeing from the
battle of the Marne.
German Positions Strong.
"A week has elapsed since it first be
came clear that, although forced to
. abandon successive positions prepared
for defense, the enemy had found to the
north of the Aisne, north-northwest of
r Rheims, formidably prepared- fortified
positions on which they might hope to
Concluded ea Fag 3.)
LO-VDOX, Sept. 25. The military
correspondent of the Times writes to
day as follows! "The question of offi
cers Is a serlons one. An examination
of onr casualty lists dowi we nave lost
already over llOO officers In killed,
wounded or missing. This Is two oat
of every five anions; those at the front."
LOXDOX, Sept. 25. A Berlin dis
patch to tne Renter Telegram Com
pany, by way of Amsterdam, says a
warrant has been Issned for the arrest
of Abbe Wetterle for high treason.
Abbe Wetterle Is a member of the
Reichstag from Alsace-Lorraine and
recently declared the people of that
province were waiting for the French
soldiers to rescue them.
. LONDON, Sept. 25. A Pretoria dis
patch to the Renter Telegram ' Com
pany says It is officially announced
that the German post at Schuckmanns
berg, near Zambesi, Southern Africa,
surrendered without opposition on Sep
tember 21 to the Rhodeslan police. The
German resident was taken to Living
stone. LONDON, Sept. 24. Renter's Con
stantinople correspondent says the for
mer German cruiser Breslau has been
renamed Mldtrll and tbe Goeben Sultan
Sellm. The correspondent adds that the
cruisers, acdompanled by Turkish gun
boats and torpedo-boats, have been en
gaged In gun practice In the Black Sea.
BERLIN, Sept. 24, via Wireless to
London Arm y " headquarters reports
that it has ascertained that one mortar
shot was fired against the cathedral of
Rheims, as otherwise It would have
been impossible to drive away with
field artillery the enemy's observation
posts which were noticed there.
LONDON, Sept. 25. A South Shields
dispatch to the Central News says that
the Norwegian steamer Hesvlk has
been destroyed by striking a mine In
the North Sea. The chief engineer and
one of his assistants were killed, but
the captain and the- crew of 14 were
rescued by a ' British warship and
brought to South Shields.
LONDON, Sept. 24. Russian troops
occupying Sc'niawa, 18 miles north
northwest of Jaroslau, says the Petro
grad correspondent of the Renter's
Telegram Company, found that the
town had been sacked by the Austrian.
A large number of Austrian soldiers
PEK1N, Sept. 24. A British detach
ment numbering SOO South Wales
border men and 400 Indian Sikhs were
landed near Laoshan, China, yesterday.
It Is expected that the Anglo-Japanese
attack on the first line of tbe Tslng
Tau defenses will begin tomorrow or
LONDON. Sept 24. Official confirma
tion has reached London of the appear
ance of cholera in the Austrian army.
According to this Intelligence It is ad
mitted that there are nine cases of
cholera among Austrian wounded sent
back from the front.
LONDON, Sept. 24. Another Grims
by trawler was blown, up by a mine
yesterday in the North Sea. The ves
sel remained afloat tea minutes, which
enabled all the members of the crew
to escape, except one deckhand, killed
by falling debris.
AMSTERDAM, Sept. 24, via London.
The Meows Van Den Dag says that the
Berlin Vorwaerts, which yesterday was
ordered suspended for three days, was
suppressed for saying In an article that
the German advance was in reality
BARI, Italy, via Paris, Sept. 24.
Vessels which have arrived from the
Dalmatian coast report that the bom
bardment of Cattaro by the French
ships and by the guns on Mount Lov
ehen has begun.
PARIS, Sept. 24. The correspondent
of the Italian newspaper Corrlere Delia
Zerra telegraphs from Trieste that two
Austrian torpedo-boats and one torpedo-
boat destroyer were sunk by floating
mines last Friday on the coast of Dal
matla, according to a Rome dispatch to
the Ilavas News Agency. .
HONTPEL1ER, via Bordeaux, Sept.
24. A German prisoner who escaped at
the beginning of the month was recap
tared today by a sergeant, to whom he
declared he had lived in the open air
for 20 days, subsisting on raisins and
BUENOS AYKES, Sept. 24. The Ger
man steamer Waermann arrived here
today from an African cruise, having
on board IS officers and 202 other per
sons from the German steamer Cap
Trafalgar which was sunk by the
British auxiliary cruiser Carmania.
Some of the party are wounded.
OSTEND MAY BE ATTACKED
Zeppelin Drops Three Bombs Which
Work Great Havoc.
LONDON, Sept. 25., 3 A. M. A Zep
pelin airship coming from the direction
of Thourot (12 miles southwest of
Bruges, Belgium) dropped three bombs
yesterday, one of them striking the
Avenue P. De Smet De Nayer bridge,
on the outskirts -of the town, another
fell In the harbor and another on the
premises of a wholesale fish dealer in
the fish-market, partly wrecking the
Although the censor evidently has
eliminated the point of origin of the
above dispatch and also the name of
tbe town into which the bombs were
dropped the latter place undoubtedly is
Osten-d on the coast of Belgium.
From Ostend as the crow flies It is
only about 70 miles across the North
Sea and the Strait of Dover to the Eng
Day's Charges Total 22.
. LONDON, Sept. 25. Speaking of the
numerous charges made dally by the
Germans near Soissons, the correspond
ent of the Express In France says:
"Sunday night there were no fewer
than 22 cavalry charges under the per
sonal supervision of the Crown Prince.
The object Is to wear out the allies
and keep them from sleeping.'
GARRY OWN FiAILWAY
Line Made Necessary
by Big Siege Guns.
REPORTERS ACCOMPANY ARMY
China Forbids Boycott; Troops
to Prevent Uprisings.
GERMANS CLAIM VICTORY
Heavy Losses Inflicted on. Invading
Force Crossing Frontier of Kai
ser's Leased . Territory, in
Advance Guard Fight.
PEKIN, China, Friday. Sept 25.
The Japanese government. If it has not
begun to do so. evidently intends build
ing a narrow gauge railway from the
seaport of Lung-Kow. on the north
ern coast of the Chinese province of
Shan-Tung, to Klau-Chau, the German
concession on the Shan-Tung Peninsula.
. Considerable suspicion has been
aroused, among the Chinese officials by
the supposed intentions of Japan be
cause ot the precedent of the Antung
Mukden Railway, which became ulti
mately a permanent broad-gauge line
Road Is for Artillery. '
Reports received at the capital from
Lung-Kow say that the Japanese landed
the railway material from the trans
ports which brought the Japanese to
the Chinese coast.
Ekl Hioki, the Japanese Minister at
Pekln, admitted to the Chinese Min
ister a few days ago the necessity pf
the Japanese constructing such a rail-.
way, the Minister explaining that siege
artillery could nor, be transported over
me i;mnese roaas.
The Foreign Office replied that the
government hoped the Japanese would
respect the sovereignty of China.
Chinese Would Boycott Japan.
Reports received here from Canton
say that the Chinese there desire to
Institute a boycott against Japanese
goods, but that the government, which
already has suppressed a newspaper
for writing anti-Japanese articles, is
capable of preventing the boycott.
There have been extensive move
ments of Chinese troops in the coast
provinces but the war department an
nounces they are designed against pos
sible revolutionary outbreaks and to
prevent anti-foreign demonstrations.
From the province of Shan-Tung it
is reported that the Chinese are as
sociating all foreigners with Japanese
because they learn that the British,
(Concluded on Page 2.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 81
degrees: minimum. B-i degrees.
TODAY'S Rain; cooler; southerly winds.
Germans mowed down by unseen British.
says elr Joan r rencn. Pass X.
Japanese army carries and constructs own
railway In Chma. Face 1.
Fierce battle reported raging near Breslau.
Britain and France not o recognize V18
oi snips - unless gooa xaitn is proveo.
Hundreds of thousands in distress In Vienna
Captive Germans aid French In caring tor
wounded prisoners. Fcge S.
Passage of war tax bill today by House as
sured. Page X
American Red Cross surgeons and nurses
reach England. Page 2.
German right making vigorous fight, met
by allies - witli fresh reinforcements.
Jews In Austria appeal for aid for distressed
coreligionists. Page 2.
Russian advance reported before Cracow.
Germans deny British cruisers sunk by sub
marine fired single shot. Page 4.
Offending wireless station to be olosed today,
despite injunction suit. Page 4.
McAdoo Includes state banks In his "antl
hoarding" crusade. Page 6,
Turkish diplomat to leave United States.
War will not delay Panama-Pacific expo
sition. Page 3.
William becomes world's champion pacer
by defeating Directum 1. Page id.
Portland to seek to hold swimming try
outs for men to be sent to fair. Pags 16.
Coast League results: 'Missions 4. Portland
2; L0OB Angeles 10. ban francisco o;
Venice 8, Oakland 0. Page 16.
Pendleton's big show wins warm praise.
College women tax dormitory room. Page 1.
Josephine County's most successful lair
comes to close at Grants Pass. Pags .
Knights Templars hold annual session at
Ashland. Page o.
Statements show Portland bankers liberal
with borrowers. Page 7.
Four large fruit agencies approve plan for
organising to keep up prices of apples.
Commercial and Marine.
Five bodies of Leggett disaster claimed.
Good hop prices In Oregon are predicted by
brewer. Pace zi.
Wheat lower at Chicago under fear of
Canadian competltioni Page 21.
Dealings In bonds are on large scale.
Portland and Vicinity.
Morbid crowd watches Mrs. Marsh's trial
start. Page 21.
C. M. Hurlburt, candidate for Legislature,
ordered by Republicans to withdraw.
Conference hears effort to divide Methodist
Church. Page 17.
Robert J. Snow sues for 875,000 for arrest
on forgery charges. Page 8.
Disappearance of young fiance makes list
of missing persona total five. Page 15.
"Shepherd of Hills" at Helllg story of
mountain ioik. iage 11.
Dr. Loveland rebukes Christian Church and
warring monarcha. Page IT.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 21.
ESCAPED PRISONER LOYAL
Bourtzeff Returning to Russia to
Fight Without Amnesty Offer.
LONDON, Sept. 24. A dispatch to the
Evening Star from Copenhagen says
that Vladimir Bourtzeff, the Russian
revolutionist, has reached Stockholm on
hia way to Russia to offer his services
to the Russian government.
Bourtzeff once escaped from Siberia,
where he had been sent because of his
revolutionary activities, but though
political amnesty has not been granted
him, the correspondent says, he does
not fear arrest.
BLAMING IT ON MAItS.
e. .- a see, ...............
GERMANS MOWED BY
UNSEEN BRITISH FOE
Enemy Less Efficient,
Says Sir John French.
ARTILLERY EXCELS, HOWEYER
Use of Prisoners as Shield Is
Among Violations Charged.
KAISER'S ARMY IS MIXED
All Classes on Battle Line; Material
for Siege of Paris Is Now 'Used
as Teuton Defense Allies
LONDON, Sept. 24. The official press
bureau tonight Issued a report from
Field Marshal Sir John French's head
quarters, supplementing the dispatch
of September 22 on the British opera
Hons In France.' The text follows:
"The enemy Is still maintaining Itself
along the -whole front, and In order to
do eo is throwing Into the fight de
tachmenta composed of units from very
different formations the active army,
reserve and Landwehr as is shown by
the uniforms of the prisoners recently
Germans Virtually Besieged.
"Our progress, although slow on ac
count of the etrength of the defensive
positions against which we 'are press
ing, has in certain directions been con
tinuous. but the present battle will last
for some days more before a decision
is reached, since it now approximates
somewhat to siege warfare.
"The Germans are making use ot
searchlights. This fact, coupled with
their great strength in heavy artillery.
leads to the supposition that they are
employing material which may have
been collected for the siege of Paris.
Feeling; Is One of Victory.
"The nature of tbe general situation
after the operations of the lSth."l9th
and 20th cannot better be sum
marized than as expressed recently by
a neighboring French commander to
bis corps: 'Having repulsed repeated
and violent counter attacks made by
the enemy, we have a feeling that we
have been victorious.'
"So far as the British are concerned,
the course of events during these three
days can be described in a few words.
During Friday, 18th. artillery fire was
kept up Intermittently by both sides
during daylight. At night the Germans
counter-attached certain portions of our
line, supporting the advance of their
infantry, as always, by a heavy bom
bardment. But the strokes were not
(Concluded on Page 6.)
Thursday's War Moves ll
HEAVY artillery continues to play a
leading part in the battle of the
Aisne, which now has been in progress
nearly a fortnight. With the greatest
stubbornness the opposing forces con
tinue to hammer away at each other
from their well-entrenched and strongly-fortified
positions, but. up to the
present, without reaching a decision.
Almost without a lulL great shells
are being hurled across the rivers, val
leys and plains stretching from the
River Oise in the west to the Meuse
in the east, and thence southward along
the whole Franco-German border, while
the lighter guns play on the infantry
lying in the trenches awaiting an op
portunity to deliver attacks and coun
ter attacks with, as the -French official
communication says, "alternate retire
ment on certain points and advance on
The battle line has stretched out far
ther to the westward, the French left
wing having made some progress in
the direction of Noye, which lies to the
northwest of Noyon. The latter place
a few days ago was the allies' extreme
left. A detachment has occupied Pe
ronne, which is still further north.
A report from German headquarters.
dated September 23, says; however, that
the efforts of the French to encircle
the German right have had no result.
The French also say they have made
an advance to the northwest of Berry-au-Bac,
which is about the point where
the German line crosses the Aisne, con
tinulng southeast - to Brlmont, which
ha3 been the center of many vigorous
Along the rest of the line, although
there have been fierce engagements in
which both sides claim victory, the sit
uation is unchanged except that, ac
cording to German reports, the Ger
man troops have recaptured Varennes,
Department of Meuse, which the
French took a few days ago.
The French account of the battle
compares it with Mukden. In the lat
ter case the tide of battle was turned
by the arrival on the Russian right of
Nogi's army from Port Arthur, which
it had Just captured, and the Russian
left was almost enveloped when Gen
eral Kuropatkln withdrew the great
bulk of his army northward, leaving
the rearguard to fall Into the hands of
The Austrian general staff Issues a
denial of the reports of Russian vic
tories and the defeat of General Dankl's
army. The Austrian force, the report
says. has. been concentrated in a new
position for several days, but "have
waited in vain for any serious Rus
From other sources, however, it is
reported that the Russians have sur
rounded Przemysl and have got be
tween that fortress and Cracow. It
may be some days before another big
battle takes place here, as one. Aus
trian army is behind the forts of
Przemysl and the other Is making Its
way to the remaining fortress of Cra
cow, while the Russians are taking
the smaller towns in Gallcia under
their wing. (
A reports, which lacks official con
firmation, says that General Rennen
kampff, who withdrew over the East
Prussian frontier when the German
reinforcements arrived, has himself re
ceived more men and has again taken
the offensive and compelled the Ger
mans, in their turn, to withdraw.
It is considered probable that the tall
of Jaroslau and the Isolation of
Przemysl have compelled the Germans
to look more closely to the protection
of their line drawn from Thorn to
Kalicz, which guards Posen., as the
Russians now are able to release a
lacge number of men for the invasion
of that part of Germany.
The Servian and Montenegrin armies,
composed largely of veterans of the
Balkan battlefields, are before Sara
jevo, capital of Bosnia, flushed with
victory and preparing to take this
latest acquisition of the dual monarchy,
the possession of which by Austria has
been a thorn- In the side of the South
In the operations here the Invaders
look forward to a hearty welcome from
the greater part of the population, who
belong to the same race as they do.
This war. while in Bosnia and Gall
cia it Is uniting races long separated
by artificial boundaries, is also draw
ing together the races and sects of all
the countries engaged.
In Germany the Socialists are fight
ing In line with their greatest ene
mies, the militarists. In Russia revo
lutionists are fighting or returning
home to fight for -the Emperor. Great
Britain is receiving support from all
sections of the empire and the Irish
and the Welsh have now decided to
organize an army made up entirely of
their nationals. Irrespective of the men
who have Joined Kitchener's armies.
GERMAN TRICK COSTS SHIP
British Angered by Cap Trafalgar's
Fire Shoot In Broadside.
MONTEVIDEO. Sept. 24. Details of
the sinking of the German steamer Cap
Trafalgar by the British auxiliary
cruiser Carmania ' several dayl ago
were related by the sailors of tbe
British, vessel, which arrived here to
day. The. battle took place at a point
300 miles off Rio Janeiro and lasted
two hours. The Cap Trafalgar lowered
her flag as If to surrender, whereupon
a yawl tilled with sailors put out from
the Carmania to take possession of the
The Cap Trafalgar, however, sud
denly opened fire on the yawl, which
sank, the sailors in the boat perishing.
The Carmania, whose officers were an
gered by the act of the Cap Trafalgar,
opened fire and sank the German ves
sel. The British boat then continued
on her voyage.
In announcing the sinking of the Cap
Trafalgar, the official press bureau at
London on September 20 added that the
Carmania lot niae men killed and that
26 others were wounded. The survivors
of the German ship,
rescued by a collier.
it is said, were
CITY GUT BY REBELS
Track West of Vera
Cruz Torn Out.
BRIDGES ARE BEING BURNED
Activity Charged to General
Aguilar With 6000 Men.
TELEGRAPH WIRES DOWN
News Not Available of What Is
Transpiring In Capital, to Which
Large Number of Americans
VERA CRUZ. Sept. 24. All, the tele
graph and telephone wires and the one
railroad line linking the capital and
Vera Cruz were cut today. Brigadier
General Funston. in command of tie
United States forces here, and W. W.
Canada, the American Consul, have been
unable to ascertain the reason of sev
ering of communications and of what
is transpiring In Mexico City, to which
place a large number of Americana
who fled during the revolution have
A force of men under Hlgeno Aguilar.
an aged ex-federal General, began tear
ing out the railroad north of Esperanza
about 100 miles west of Vera Cruz to
day and at the same time cut the land
Railroad Agent Sends News.
The first Intimation that these things
were being done came from the rail
road agent at Esperanza, who sent a
message to Orizaba, in the south, say
ing: "People are burning the bridges
and tearing out the rails." A few) min
utes later communication ceased. The
agent at the station east of Esperanza
said it was understood there that the
work of destruction was being done
by Aguilar's men. ' -
A train which left the capital early
today was unable to pass a cut and
was compelled to return to Mexico City.
The train that left here for the capital
is returning from Orizaba, having been
unable to get by.
Retention of Troops Advised.
On account of the change in the sit
uation Consul Canada has recommend
ed to the State Department tbe advisa
bility of retaining the American troops
In Vera Cruz until conditions are more
normal. Seven American transports
are now here loading Army supplies in
anticipation of evacuation of Vera Cru
by the Americans.
It is said that one of General Villa's
agents was in Vera Cruz recently can
vassing the fugitives here. It is bald
that promises were held out to some
of them that If they Joined, Villa their
old ranks would be recognized. '
Aguilar's Men Number 60OO.
It is said that Hlgenio Aguilar has
about JS000 men in his force, the greater
part of them old army men. whose of
ficers have held them together. Asso
ciated with Aguilar are Generals Ar
gunendo and Andrew Almazan.
It Is reported here that General Villa
recently attempted to buy ammunition
In the United States, but failed to con
tract for more than 2.000.000 rounds.
Caxraasa'a Men Move Kortb,
After the destruction of much of the
read, in order to make sure that troop .
trains would not crowd him from either .
direction, . General Aguilar sent two
light locomotives over the undisturbed
portion of the track under full heads
He then made up a trainload ot
troops and started them southward to
ward Orizaba, whence two troop trains
loaded with followers of General Car
ranza already had moved toward the
north. Five hundred men of the forces
Just beyond the American lines also
have been sent north to support the
WASHINGTON STILL IS HOPEFUL
President, Hovever, Will Frown on
Further Fighting in Mexico.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 24. Hope that
Generals Carranza and Villa would ad
just their differences peaceably aud
avoid a second revolution was ex
pressed by high administration offi
President Wilson has made It plain
to both men through his personal rep
resentative, Paul Fuller, that the United
States will look with disfavor on con
tinuance of fighting in Mexico. There
was confidence among high officials
that the advice recently given would
not go unheeded.
In the meantime the Washington
Government will take no steps to in
terfere in the quarrel and will await
patiently the course of developments.
For the present no change will be
made in the plan of, evacuating Vera
Cruz, though no date has been fixed.
Settlement to Be Attempted.
In the course of the day, official dis
patches revealed that the Brazilian
Minister and American Consul Silll
man were in conference with General
Carranza, while George C Carothers.
American consular agent, was await
ing the arrival at Juarez of General
Obregon, with whom he expected to
discuss the situation and later confer
' General Carranza informed the
Amerlqn consular representatives that
' Concluded on Page 2.)