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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 19, 1914)
VOL. L.IV. XO. 16,792.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER "!, 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
ON ENTIRE LIE
Attack and Counter-Attack
FoIIqy Every Hour.
GERMAN ASSAULT INTREPID
Resolution Approaching Des
peration Displayed in
BAYONET IS MUCH USED
Famous British Regiments Suf
fer Heavily, but Perform
ON" THE BATTLE FRONT, Sept.
18 (by way of Paris). The gigantic
battle, or more properly battles, con
tinued day and night along the en
fire front from Noyon to the fron
tier. The fighting does not consist of
one sustained and combined move
ment, but in reality is several com
bats proceeding incessantly at the
strongest points of the Germans' de
fending line along the river Aisne.
Attacks Pollow Rapidly.
Each encounter, however, influences
the execution of the general idea of
the Commander-in-Chief of the allied
armies. Attacks and counter attacks
follow one another in rapid succession
every hour out of the 24.
In the night of September 15-16 the
Germans attempted a formidable
movement in the Western sphere, "out
Iwere met by the French and British
Iwith courage that was marvelous
against overwhelming odds. The Ger
mans returned to the attack no fewer
than 10 times with remarkable tenac
ity and intrepidity, but were unable
to break through the firm line pre
sented by the allies' infantry.
Tight Before Dawn Violent.
The fight just before daybreak was
the most violent of all. The Germans
appeared to throw into the charge
all that remained of their energy, but
were rolled back with enormous losses.
Before retiring behind their big guns
they sacrificed many of their number,
displaying resolution which ap
proached desperation. A vigorous
counter attack from the allies ensued,
Huring which a small extent of ground
Last night was relatively calm along
the front, but today the fighting be
came more furious than ever. During
the darkness operations are rendered
difficult owing to the reluctance of
the opposing commanders to use
searchlights, which might expose their
Bayonet Used, Carnage Terrifying.
' After this stage of the fight was
concluded, the Germans appeared to
retire about seven miles. During the
combat the adversaries in many in
stances came to hand-to-hand clashes
and the bayonet was extensively used.
The carnage was terrifying, but the
troops of both armies appear to have
been hardened to such , scenes and
fought with great coolness.
The allies' aviators apparently dis
covered today the placements of some
big German guns, notwithstanding the
cleverness with which they are hidden
beneath an earthen covering strewn
with the branches of trees. The allies'
Artillery opened a concentrated fire
on a certain portion of the line and
the heavy German artillery shortly
afterward lapsed into silence at that
spot, although it is not known whether
they were rendered impotent or were
merely effecting a change of position
owing to their former emplacements
having become untenable.
Germans Resist Obstinately.
It is impossible to learn from any
cne portion of the line what is oc
curring at other places, but an incli-
nation to recede slightly seemed evi
dent on the German side, although
they offered the most obstinate 're
sistance and fought as though made
of iron. The allies at the same time
idoggedly pursued the small advantage
(Concluded on Page 7.)
PARIS, Sept. 18. The French and
German governments are arranging
through Washington for the exchange
f prisoner of war. It la understood
that James W. Gerard, the American
Ambassador to Germany, has cabled
Germany's adhesion to - the plan.
PARIS, Sept. 18. In a dispatch from
Odessa, the correspondent of the Havas
Agency saya the government press
bureau at Constantinople has forbidden
the use of the word Petrograd, the new
authoritative name for St. Petersburg,
and ordered Turkish, newspapers to
call the Russian capital St. Petersburg.
CAPETOWN, Union of South Africa,
Sept. 18. A force of 250 Germans, with
three Maxim guns, attacked the British
post at Nakob Thursday. The garrison
consisted of seven policemen, who
fought until their ammunition was ex
hausted. Those' who had not been
killed were taken prisoners.
PARIS, Sept. 18. It fa announced at
the Russian capital, according to a
dispatch to the Havas News Agency
from Petrograd, that the Germans who
were campaigning In the Ivlelce Prov
ince of Russian Poland, on learning of
the Austrian, defeat from Krasnlkto
Mascoff, retreated rapidly to the south
ward with the intention of rallying the
LONDON, Sept. 18. A Renter dis
patch from Paris says M. Mlllerand, the
French Minister of War. has decided
to send the 1914 class of troops into
camp. In order to give them the most
practical and rapid instructions.
LONDON, Sept. 18. The Paris corre
spondent of the Exchange Telegraph
Company sayai "All accounts received
In Paris agree that the famous Prus
sian Guards corps, the elite of the em
pire and the especial pride of the Ger
man Emperor, has been practically
blotted out in the battles which have
been waged along the Meuae, Marne and
LONDON, Sept. IS. An announce
ment Issued by the official press bureau
tonight says i "There has been some ac
tivity on the part of the allied cavalry,
but without at the present time any
definite results. -
LONDON, Sept. 18 The war office
has received from headquarters at the
front, under date of September 15, the
names of 12 officers killed, S4 wounded
and 7 missing.
ROME, via Paris, Sept. 18 Reports
from Russian aourcea emphasise the
magnitude of the Austrian defeat. The
number . of cannon captured by the
Russians is now placed at 10O0.
LONDON, Sept. 1. The Daily Tele
graph's Rome correspondent says he
learns from authentic sonrce that eight
German army . corps have left . France
and Belgium for the Russian frontier.
ROME, via Paris, Sept. 10. It 1 re
ported here that the telegraph and
telephone wires out of Pola, the great
naval port and arsenal of Austria, sit
uated on the Bay of Porto delle Rose,
on the Istrla peninsula, have been cut
and that bombs have been thrown Into
the barracks. Report has It also that
mines have been discovered in the
canal leading to the arsenal, which
were not laid by the Austrian au
LONDON, Sept. 19. Renter's Antwerp
correspondent saya that another Ger
man aeroplane dropped a projectile in
Antwerp yesterday, which severely
wounded a cltlsen. The nature of the
projectile was 'not ascertained, accord
ing to the correspondent. , -
VACATION CUT DEFEATED
Question of Pay for City Employes
on Holidays Being Considered. '
A proposal of Commissioner Brew
ster to cut down the length of vaca
tions for "city employes three -days was
defeated by the Council yesterday.
when the proposed Brewster vacation
ordinance was indefinitely postponed.
The measure had been opposed bitterly
by city employes.
The question of pay for employes on
legal holidays will be considered by a
committee comprising Commissioners
Brewster and Bigelow. The committee
will designate what holidays employes
are to have off on full pay and those
on which tHe employes must work.
GERMANS RAZE TERMONDE
Destruction of Another Belgian City
LONDON, Sept. 19. Reuter'a Antwerp
correspondent, telegraphing Friday,
"The Germans today completed the
destruction of the town of Termonde
(Dendermonde), 16 miles southwest of
Ghent. The communal offices were
bombarded and are in ruins. The church
still stands, though its tower is dam
aged. The hospital was more or less
spared, but all other public buildings
and houses were destroyed."
PRINCE EAGER FOR BATTLE
Lord Kitchener, However. Bars
King's Son From Active Service.
LONDON, Sept. 18. The Prince of
Wales was eager to go to the front.
according to a statement issued to
night by the official press. bureau, and
tried to get Lord Kitchener's consent to
As he had not completed his military
training. Lord Kitchener submitted to
the King "that for the present it is
undesirable that His Royal Highness
should proceed on active service."
Foreign-Built Ships Coming In.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 18. Twenty -four
foreign built vessels, with a total
tonnage of 100.820, have been admitted
to American registry under the new
shipping law, and. customs collectors
are acting on registers for 27 additional
sii$s of 106,360 aggregate tonnage.
WAR'S VIVID TALE
IS FULL OF THRILLS
How American Consul
Saved Ghent Told.
KANSAN HALTS GREAT ARMY
German General Explains
Charges of Cruelty.
ZEPPELIN ORDERS OPEN
American Correspondent, Wined and
Dined by Von Boehn, Unearths
"Atrocity Business" Views of
Kaiser's Invading: Army. -
BT E. ALEXANDER POWELL.
(By Cable to the Chicago Tribune)
HEADQUARTERS IN THE FIELD
OP THE NINTH IMPERIAL. ARMT,
Chateau Latere, near Renalx. Belgium,
Sept. 9. (Delayed.) Three weeks ago
the government of Belgium requested
me to place before the American peo
ple a list of specific and authentic
atrocities committed by the German
armies upon "Belgian non-combatants.
Today Gen. von Boehn, commanding
the Ninth Imperial field army, acting
mouthpiece of the German general
staff, has asked roe to place before the
American people the German version
of the incidents In question.
So far as I am aware, I am the only
correspondent in the present war who
nas motored for an entire day through
the ranks of the advancing German
army, who has dined as a guest of the
German army commander and his staff,
and who has had the progress of the
army on the march s arrested in order
to obtain photographs of the German
Consul Saves Ghent.
This unusual experience came about
In a curious and roundabout way.
After an encounter in the streets of
Ghent last Tuesday between' a Ger
man military automobile and a Bel
gian armored car, in which two Ger
man soldiers were wounded, as de
scribed In dispatches, American Vice
Consul Van Hee persuaded the Burg
omaster to accompany him immediate
ly to the headquarters of General von
Boehn to explain the circumstances
and ask that the city should not be
held responsible for the unfortunate
In the course of the conversation
with Mr. Van Hee, General von Boehn
remarked that copies of papers con
taining articles written by Alexander
Powell criticising- the German treat
ment of the Belgian civil population
had come to his attention and said he
regretted he could not have an oppor-
(Concluded on Page 6.)
) INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 62
degrees; minimum, 5 degrees.
TODAY'S Rain, southerly winds.
Great fortitude shown by wounded In
French hospitals. Page 4.
Adventurers from America organizing field
force to aid Britons. Page 2.
Uhlans carefree in enemy's country. Page Z
Vivid tale told of reasons for cruelty on
part of German arcny Page 1.
Austrian Ambassador says Hussian accounts
of victories are mostly mythical. Page 1.
Great Britain silent regarding move for
- peace. Page 6.
Fighting between Germans and allies fierce
and general along whole line. Page 1.
United States asks Great Britain to explain
Carden Incident, page s.
Talk of compromise on harbor bill heard In
Senate. Page 8.
Democrats In Congress concerned ever war
tax bill. Page 8.
Time not ripe for trade campaign In South
America, says Redfleld. Page 5.
Tax on brokers decided on by ways -and
means Democrats. Page u.
Coast League results Oakland 5, Los An.
genes 4; San Francisco 2, Missions 0.
Christy Mathewson says Giants strong on
Paper, but pitchers are weakening. Page
Princeton boy defeats National tennis cham
pion in 52-tima struggle. Page 12.
Judge McCredle favors cutting length of
Coast League season. Page 12.
. Pacific Northwest.
Steamer Leg-ett reported to have sunk in
gale of; Oregon coast. Page 1.
R. A. Booth speaks o( early pioneer days at
meeting of settlers at Morrow County
Fair. Put 7.
R. A. Booth delivers address atHeppner.
Commercial and Marine.
Oregon prune crop Is being safely harvested.
Wheat higher at Chicago en renewed buy
ing by Europe. Page 17.
New Tork bankers favor organization of
gold pool. Page 17.
Shlo routes changed to care for early Fall
rush. Page It. . . .
Portland and vicinity.
Court considers bid of W. H. Dean for
Northwestern Telephone securities. Page
Women's fight on Democrats opens. Page 13.
Perjury charges cn Van Brakle die. Page 17.
Bar to test Judge Cleeton's status. Page 13.
Candidates ready for round of fairs. Page 16.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 17.
RUSSIANS CHECK ADVANCE
Petrograd Reports German Advance
t In East Prussia Stopped.
PETROGRAD, Sept. 18. The follow
ing communication was issued today by
the chief of the general staff:
"On the front In Eastern Prussia the
armies of General Rennenkampff defi
nitely stopped on September 17 the of
fensive movement of the Germans. At
several points the Germans are falling
back and shifting to new positions.
"On the Austrian front the pursuit
of the enemy continues. The Russians
are approaching the defensive positions
of Scnawa, Jarostau and Przemysl (Ga.
Ucia)." . . . . .
PERCHERONS ARE WANTED
France May Remove Prohibition on
.Shipment for America.
BORDEAUX, Sept- 18. An American
horse exporting firm of Sioux Falls,
S. D.. Is trying with the aid of John W.
Garrett. Minister to Argentina, who is
now with the French government here,
to have France remove the prohibition
of shipment to the United States of
Percherons, for which the French army
has no need.
It is expected that the government
will allow the shipment.
SHIPWRECKED IN A SEA OF PLENTY.
J iij SikU. I.. I .?J H..IMSS
-. t-A-i, '
IS REPORTED SUNK
Japanese Cruiser Hit
Vessel Is Rumor.
WIRELESS MESSAGE COMES
Disaster Off Oregon Coast In
37 PASSENGERS; 25 CREW
Unidentified' Cruiser Relays Wireless
to Port of Portland That Sue
"Sank 60 Males South."
All Reports Vague.
SKATTLB, Wash., Sept. 18. In con
nection with the report of the sinking
of the steam schooner Francis U. Leg
grett, S. Takahashl, ' Japanese Consul
here, staid tonight he had been notified
tsrongh the Marconi wireleaa station
that a vessel had been snnk off the
Columbia River, and through the same
agency had heard ruwn that the
sinking of the vessel had come about
through a collision with the Japanese
cruiser Idsumo. t
Consul Takahashl has been endeav
oring to get Into communication with
the Idsumo, but at a late hour tonight
had been unable to reach the cruiser by
wireleaa. lie says he does not know Its
"Leggett sank at 3:15 P. M 60 miles
This message received by the Port of
Portland, last night. Indicated a sea
disaster off the mouth of the Columbia.
The news was received by an un
identified cruiser off the Columbia
River and relayed to a Marconi wire
The steam schooner Leggett sailed
from Portland September 12 for
Hoquiam to load lumber for California.
She left Hoquiam Thursday at 10 A. M,
carrying 37 passengers.
The brief word received in Portland
Indicated the steamer had met disaster
just off the Columbia after sailing from
Hoquiam. although the reference to "60
miles south" Is vague.
EX; S EG UNDO OFF TO LEX1 AID
Astoria Learns Steamer Is Sunk
Daring Heavy Gale.
ASTORIA, Or., Sept. 18. (Special.)
The steamer Francis II- Leggett, en
route from Grays Harbpr for San Fran
cisco, sank during the' gale at 8:15 this
afternoon, 60 miles south of the Co
That was the word that was flashed
ashore this evening to the local agent
(Concluded on Page 7.)
1 7 - aaaaole
Friday's War Moves
For Ave days the -British and French
armies have been trying to dislodge
the Germans from the strong line of
defenses which they have constructed
on the battle front Btretching from the
Oise to the Meuse rivers. There have
been attacks and counter attacks, but
in the words of the official communi
cation "there has been no change In
The allies say they have made slight
progress at some points against the
German right wing north of the River
Aisne and to have repulsed counter at
tacks there and between Oraonne and
Rhelms, while tney say in the center
and on the right the Germans are
acting purely on the defensive, having
"dug themselves Into entrenchments."
The German official reports are
almost Identical with those of the
allies. They say no decision has yet
been reached but that the allies' power
of resistance is weakening, that a
French attempt to- break their right
has failed, that in the center the Ger
mans are gaining ground slowly and
that sallies on Verdun have been re
pulsed. It would seem from all this that the
commanding generals have not yet
found the weak points In their oppo
nents dispositions, and that each Is
withholding his determined blow for
the right moment.
The Germans, having reached selected
positions, which they have strongly for
tified, would appear to have the advan
tage, according to military critics, but
for the fact that they must defend the
whole of their front to make good their
retirement, should an attack by them
fall or a smashing blow from the allies
break their line, while the Anglo
French forces are declared to be free to
mass at any point.
It Is not certain where General JoiTre
will direct his assault. While the armies
forming his left are pressing the Ger
man right It is believed probable Gen
eral Joffre Is making arrangements for
an attempt to cut through the German
front somewhere north of Verdun and
thus drive the armies of the German
Crown Prince, the Duke of Wuerttem
burg. General Von Ilausen, General Von
Buelow and General Von Kluck west
ward, sever their communications with
the Rhine through Luxemburg and com
pel them to rely on lines running into
Belgium, which are menaced by an
Anglo-French force operating on the
border, as well as by a Belgian army.
The Germans are reported to be
prepared, however, " to offer tremen
dous resistance to such a move. They
are not only In strong positions where
reinforcements of men, munitions and
provisions can reach them easily, but
they have additional defended posi
tions to fall back on if necessary. Fur
thermore, they are said to be strength,
ening their positions along the River
Sambre from Maubeuge to Naraur and
along the Meuse from Glvet to Namur,
so that nothing, evidently. Is being left
It Is even reported that the Ger
mans are concentrating transport
trains on the Luxemberg frontier to
enable them to move troops eastward
should they so desire. This leads some
of the military observers to believe
the Germans have decided to remain
on the defensive in the west, while,
they are sending their main army east
to confront the Russians. Apparently
they are concentrating their western
armies for, with the exception of occa
sional Uhlan troops. Northwestern
France seems nearly clear of Germans.
The Calais and Boulogne routes to
Paris have been reopened.
Reports recelvea from Petrograd say
that the Russian pursuit of the Aus
trian! continues and that the Russians
have gained Important successes over
the Austrian rearguard. Convoys of
two army corps, with 30 guns and am
munition and &000 prisoners, are said
to have been captured. The whole1 of
the Austro-Russlan border between
YusevofT and Annapol Is reported to
be overrun by Cossacks, who are lead
ing the Russian advance.
The Russian army now in Gallcia
will be left there to complete its work,
for, according to a Rome dispatch, an
army of 900,000 Russians Is marching
into Central Poland, followed by an
other army of 2,000.000, while a third
army, also aggregating ' 2,000.000, is
coming from more distant regions and
will reach the front In October.
There already are said to be 1,000.000
Russians in Galicia and 600,000 in Bast
Prussia. While these numbers are
enormous, they are considered proba
bly a fair estimate of what Russia soon
will have available for her war. It Is
said she will soon have 7,000,000 men
on the move.
While continuing the offensive In
Gallcia, Russia is standing on the de
fensive on the East Prussian frontier,
her army having been driven back by
the Germans. This army, however. Is
said to be intact.
No progress was made yesterday to
ward peace. President Wilson has not
pursued the informal suggestion of the
German Imperial Chancellor that the
United States obtain a statement of the
terms of peace of tbe allies.
Meanwhile Great Britain rather put
a damper on the movement in a state
ment to the effect that no direct pro
posals had been received from either
Germany or Austria, consequently there
was nothing to be said on the subject.
The statement lacked nothing of of
ficial authenticity. It was made by
the British Ambassador, sir Edward
Grey, in a cable to Sir Cecil-Spring-Rlce,
the British Ambassador to the
This virtual demand that preliminary
peace overtures should come. If at all.
dlreotly from the nations Involved, was
taken to indicate that Great Britain
does not now seriously contemplate
a peace move. Insistence that Germany
or Austria should assume an attitude
tantamount to "suing for peace" la
recognized as putting an end for tbe
Immediate present at least to all possi
bilities In-that direction.
BIG LOSS DECLARED FALSE
End Sought From Defensive
COSSACKS NOT DREADED
Dr. Dumba Tells Americans Only
Result of Russian Attack Is Oc
cupation of Flat Area of
Xo Strategic Value.
KEW TORK. Sept. 18. Dr. Konstan
tln Dumba, 'Austrian Ambassador to the
United States, today Issued the follow
"I am compelled to protest most em
phatically against tbe falsa reports
sent via London from Rome, Milan,
Geneva, Copenhagen and St. Petersburg
about the Austrian campaign In Rus
sian Poland and Gallcia. To quote
some of these reports purport. ng to
come from official sources:
" 'The Austrlans lost since the battles
of Lemberg 350,000 dead and wounded
and 100.000 prisoners.' I read this in
credible Ho at least 20 times in big
headlines, repeated even In the same
paper several times.
Stories Declares! Ali-.
"But we hear that immediately after
wards 'the Austrian Generals Dankl
and Auffenberg. who had to retreat
from Russian Poland, succeded In
uniting and rallying for a new fight.'
I do not think that anybody endowed
with a little common -sense can for one
moment believe that an army of 1.000.
000, having Jost 450,000 men, should be
able immediately to rally for a new
"According to 'official' St. Petersburg
news, 'the Austrlans. while receding and
hotly pursued to Lemberg, had already
lost about 200,000 men. There was
hardly anybody "left to tell the tale.
The steel forts of the first-class
fortresses of Nlchallowsk had beeu
silenced and stormed wtlh Incredible
bravery by the Russians.' (In reality
Nlchailowsk Is a small village with 807
inhabitants where the Austrian troops
had erected provisional field trenches.)
Heavy Guns Mythical.
"The reports spoke of COO Austrian
field guns and 1000 heavy guns cap
tured. (Nobody knows the where
abouts of these mythical 1000 heavy
guns, as no Austrian fortress had been
taken.) Then again, 'the backbone of
the Austrian army in Gallcia was utter
ly broken after the fall of Lemberg: It
practically no longer existed, so that
the dreaded Cossacks had the choice
between a rush to Budapest to Join
hands with the Serbs and the an
nounced onslaught on Berlin via Bres
lau.' "Some days later we hear from
Vienna that the Austrian troops made
a firm stand In Grodsk. southwest of
Lemberg. and. after a five days' battle,
took 10,000 Russian prisoners and cap
tured many guns.
"St Petersburg cables that vho two
Austrian Generals, Dankl and A-iffen-berg.
are entrapped between the
fortress of Przemysl and Cracow, and
that their surrender is shortly oxpe.:te.l
(evidently by the reporter alone)
Austrlans on Defensive.
"What In reality happened Is this:
The Austro-Hungarlan troops had
from the beginning to wage In East
ern Galicia a defensive war against
great odds. After repeated engage
ments they fell back on their strong
line of defense under the protection
of the first-class fortress of PrzemysL
The advance of our northern and cen
tral army to Lublin and to the River
Bug, although finally checked and re
pulsed, achieved Its end to arrest the
progress of a huge Russian army in
the direction of Thorn and Breslau
and to relieve the enormous pressure
brought' to bear by Rennenkampffs
army on two or three German army
corps left to defend Eastern Prussia.
Here the Russian invasion recently
resulted in defeat and disaster.
"As to the central Russian army,
with the fortress of Brest Lltowsk
to lean on. its onslaught on the Prus
sian provinces of Silesia and Posen
is far from Imminent, as the Polish
territory on the left bank of the Vis
tula occupied by German troops must -be
Russians Hold Gallcia Only.
"The only tangible result of the
Russian victories announced to CX
world with the eloquence of mounte
banks Is the occupation of Eastera
Galicia, a flat, open country without
any strgetical positions which had
to be given up to the enemy, as every
body knew in Austria.
"The general staff of the dual mon
archy, on the other hand, announced,
as a. result of four weeks' fighting, the
capture of 41.000 Russian prisoners
and 400 guns, figures which prima
facie bear the color of truth.
"The news coming, especially from
Rome (often In the shape of ficticious
cables from St Petersburg), insists on
the outbreak of panic and prevalence
of famine in Vienna. Both tales are
absolutely false and of pure fiction.
As to the panic, there is not the slight
est reason for It, and nobody is fright
ened by the Cossacks, notwithstand
ing the picturesque and melodramatic
.Concluded on Page .