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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 18, 1914)
' ' . W
VOL,. L.IV. NO.
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1914. iTurr pTrr rrvre
TERMS BE LEARNED
Chancellor Talks With
EMPEROR IS NOT MENTIONED
Herr von Bethmann-Holweg's
l Action Is Informal.
MESSAGE SENT TO WILSON
Suggestion Made That United States
Take Steps to Ascertain Condi
tions on Which Allies Will
Slake Permanent Peace.'
LONDON. Sept 18. Austria is de
sirous of peace, according to a Rome
dispatch, to the Daily Telegrraph. whioh
represents Internal conditions, partic
ularly In Bosnia, Croatia and Dalmatla,
WASHINGTON, KeDt. 17. Germany
has suggested informally that the
United States should undertake to
elicit from Great Britain, France and
Russia a statement of the terms un
der which the allies would make peace.
The suggestion was made by the
Imperial Chancellor Von Bethmann
Hollweg, to Ambassador Gerard, at
Berlin, as a result of an inquiry sent
by the American Government to learn
whether Emperor "William was desir
ous of discussing peace, as Count Von
Bernstorff, the German Ambassador,
and Oscar Strauss recently had re
ported. Reply Made by Chancellor.
No reply was made by Emperor Wil
liam himself, nor did the Imperial
Chancellor Indicate whether or not he
epoke on behalf of his monarch. Am
bassador Gerard cabled President Wil
son the Chancellor's- remarks from
recollection, which was substantially
Germany was appreciative of the
American Government's Interest and
offer of services in trying to make
peace. Germany did not want war,
but had It forced on her. Even If she
defeats France, she must likewise van
quish both Great Britain and Russia,
as all three have made an agreement
not to make peace except by common
consent. Similarly England has an
nounced through Premier Asqulth and
her diplomatists and newspapers that
ahe Intended to fight to the limit of
Only Lasting; Peace Desired.
In view of that determination on the
part of Great Britain the United
States sought to get proposals of peace
from the allies Germany could accept
only .a lasting peace, one that would
make her people secure against future
attacks. To accept mediation now
would, be interpreted by the allies as
a sign of weakness on the part of Ger
many and would be misunderstood by
the German people, who, having made
great sacrifices, had the right to de-.
mand guarantees of security.
The foregoing Is all that Ambassa
dor Gerard communicated as to his
conversation. He added only the brief
comment that he, himself, thought the
way might possibly be opened to
Message Regarded as Incidental.
President Wilson did not regard the
message, however, as bringing any
thing tangible. He referred to the
Chancellor's conversation as non-committal
and incidental to the acknowl
edgment of the American Government's
inquiry. The President indicated tfiat
he rather expected a reply to the In
quiry to be sent eventually from the
Emperor himself, though he realizes
that the Imperial Chancellor may have
consulted his monarch by telegraph
before talking informally with the
President Wilson took no action as
a result of the message, waiting to
hear from Ambassador Gerard whether
anything of a more formal character
could be obtained by him which the
United States might communicate to
Great Britain. France and Russia.
Diplomats IVot Officially Informed.
It was understood tonight that
neither the British nor French Am
bassadors who are in Washington were
informed officially or unofficially by
JSl-ci etary Bryan of the conversation
between the Imperial German Chan
cellor and Ambassador Gerard.
Germany's position is that she will
give her opinion on the terms of peace
when she has received a definite state
ment from the allies of their proposals.
The' statement that Germany did not
want war but had it forced on her, as
well as the declaration that she wanted
a lasting peace, is almost identical
with the remarks which Sir Edward
Orey made to Ambassador Page in
London last week. The British Foreign
Secretary said England wanted no
temporary truce, but a permanent peace
and one that would safeguard her
against sudden attacks.
President May Walt Awhile.
The general belief in well informed
circles tonight was that the President
after waiting a few days for more in
formation from Berlin would probably
instruct the American ambassadors at
London, Paris and Petrograd to com
municate to the governments at those
points what the Imperial German Chan
cellor had said to Ambassador Gerard.
It was believed the ambassadors would
he asked to reiterate the wish of the
American Government to be of service
(Concluded on Pas 2.)
ROME, via London, Sept. 17. The
Trtbana states that the German head
quarters' staff has adopted a new plan
of campaign, which consists of main
taining the defensive against the allies
In the west, while undertaking an of
fensive movement against the Russians,
in which 12 German army corps will
LOSDOS, Sept. 17. According to a
report from Vienna, the correspondent
says. Emperor Francis Joseph has left
the Austrian capital for an unannounced
PARIS, Sept. 17. A dispatch to the
Havas Agency from Rennea says 1200
prisoners arrived there yesterday and
were sent to Brest. Among them were
ZO Alsatians, who were released on
signing an agreement to Join the for
eign legion of the French army.
ROME, Sept. 17. A report received
here from Petrograd says many de
serters are arriving at Russian head
quarters, mostly Slavs and Bohemians.
ROME, Sept. 17. A dispatch to the
Messagero, from Trent, - Austro-Hun-gary,
saysi "The authorities encourage
the peasants to participate in the war
by spreading reports that Austria is
victorious. Large numbers of wounded
are returning to their homes daily."
4UEENSTOWK, hept. 17. The Holland-America
Line steamship Ryndam,
which sailed from New York Septem
ber 8 for Rotterdam, was seized by a
British warship and brought Into Cork
TOKIO, Sept. 17. It Is reported here
that the German cruiser Emdea has
sunk five British steamers off the coast
of India. The passengers of the vessels
are aald to have been saved.
LONDOX, Sept. 17. A dispatch to the
Exchange Telegraph Company from
Bordeaux saysi "A telegram received
hero from Delemont, Switzerland, re
ports that violent fighting Is taking
place In Alsace, where the French are
SOFIA, Bulgaria, Sept. 17, via London.
Noel Bukston, chairman of the Bal
kan committee, has arrived at Sofia.
His visit Is being much commented on
in Bulgaria, where It is believed he Is
charged with a political mission.
PETROGRAD, Sept. 17 The Minister
of Finance has prohibited the exporta
tion of manganese except to the allied
LOVDOV, Sept. IS. A dispatch to the
Renter Telegram Company from Petro
grad says the Russians have reoccupled
Sandomiera, Russian Poland, 57 miles
southeast of Radom, and continue their
pursuit of the Austrian.
LOJfDOX, Sept. 17. "Before the bom
bardment of Termonde Wednesday
night," says Renter Ostend corre
spondent, "the Germans notified the
few remaining Inhabitants. Several
large facorles were destroyed In the
bombardment. The newspapers here
announce the immediate call to the
colors of the 1914 class of reserves."
RIO JANEIRO, Sept. 17. The Bra
zilian government has decided that the
merchantmen of the belligerent nations
which entered Brazilian ports because
of the war must be detained until the
conflict la over.
LONDOTV, Sept. 18, 4t4 A. M. An
Atbena dispatch to the Times saya that
according to latest reports the Servians
have been obliged to evacuate Semlln.
PARIS, Sept. 18. A Marseilles dis
patch to the Havas Agency saysi. "A
French crew brought Into port yester
day a cargo boat that had just been
captured In the Mediterranean. " The
ship flew the Roumanian flag when
captured, but in reality It is a German
ROME, Sept. 17. Dispatches received
here from Montenegro declare that the
cold Is so Intense in the mountains of
Boanla and Herzegovina that the Mon
tenegrin troops march during the night
at low altitudes and rest during the
dsy. They are reported to be gradually
approaching Sarajevo, Bosnia, and Mot.
tar, capital of Herzegovina, 47 miles
southwest of Sarajevo.
FLEET DISASTER REPORTED
Petrograd Says German "Warships
Fired on Each Other.
LONDON, Sept. 18 Telegraphing to
the Times,, its Petrograd correspondent
"Reports of disaster to the German
fleet in the Baltic have been confirmed
by dispatches received here which de
clare that German warships fired upon
each other. All rumors of engagements
with the Russian, fleet in the Baltic,
however, are untrue.
"The information reaching Petrograd
is that numerous flotillas, attended by
cruisers, while engaged in hunting
down passenger steamers, mistook their
own for the enemy's ships and engaged
in a lively battle. The number of ves
sels crippled is unknown, but several
cruisers entered Kiel badly mauled and
riddled and carrying many wounded."
JAPAN SHOWS FRIENDSHIP
Foreign Minister Scores Sentiment
Against United Stages.
TOKIO. Serjt. 17 A rn,hi. i
stratlon of friendship toward the United
States was made tonight at a dinner
given by the Japanese Association,
which was attended by Takaaki Kato,
the JaDanese Foreie-n Mintut. .
George W. Guthrie, the United States
Viscount Kentaro Kaneko, president
of the association, in a speech, scored
those Dersons who. he fmld wta -..
to estrange the United States and Japan.
-japan not onjy wm not attack the
Philippines." said Viscount Kaneko.
"but she never had any idea of disturb
ing the tranaulllitv of th tr,-i
waters of the Philippines."
ACROSS SIX RIVERS
Briton Describes Prog,
ress of Allies.
HEAVY HOWITZERS IN ACTION
Long-Range Artillery Duel Is
Fought Along Aisne.
CAVALRY TAKE BRAISNE
Movement Effected In Co-operation
With Sixth French Corps Trans
ports Seriously Handicapped
by Heavy Rains.
LONDON, Sept 17. An account of
the operations of the British army in
France and of the French armies in
Immediate touch with It during the
period from September 10 to-13. writ
ten by an officer attached to Field
Marshal Sir John French's staff, was
Issued tonight by the official press
bureau. The account follows:
"Since Thursday. September 10. the
British army made steady progress in
Its endeavor to drive hack the enemy
in co-operation with the French. The
country across which it had to force its
way and will have to continue to do so
is undulating and covered with patches
of thick wood.
Six Rivera Crosa Territory.
"Within the area which faced the
British before the advance commenced,
right on to Laon, the chief feature of
tactical importance is the fact that
there are six rivers running across the
direction of the advance, at all of
which it was possible that the Ger
mans might make resistance. These
are, in order from the south, the Marne,
Ourcq, Vesle. Aisne. AUetLe and Olse.
"The enemy held the line of the
Marne. Vi ch was crossed by our forces
on September 9, as a pure rear-guard
operation. Our passage of the O-rcq,
which here runs almost due east and
west, was not contested. The Vesle
was only lightly held, while resistance
along the Aisne, both against the
French and British, has been and still
is of a determined character.
Direction of Advance Changed.
"On Friday, September 11. but little
opposition was mei with along any
part of our front and the direction of
the advance was. for the purpose of
co-operating with our allies, turned
slightly to the northeast. The day was
spent in rushing forward and gather
ing in various hostile detachments. By
nightfall our forces have reached a
(Concluded on Page 2.)
, ... t .... w . : . . '
aaessssaseee as seaea
1 INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 66
degrees; minimum, 61 decrees.
TODAY'S Unsettled weather, with rain;
winds mostly southerly.
Germans making determined resistance to
allies along entire Una. Pegs 1.
Herr von Bethmann-Holweg suggests to Am
bassador Gerard that United States as
certain allies' peace terms. Fsse L.
Kitchener" saya constant stream o rein
forcements la wanted. Page 2.
Retreating Austrians In Galicla harried by
pursuers. Page B.
British army officer tells of advance against
Gennut Fact 1.
Brokers protest proposed special war tax on
their business. .Page 2.
Rural Britons llttla Interested In war. Page 8.
Germans reported at Marshall Islands.
Lemberg in panio as Russians approach.
Canada bars aircraft near principal cities.
Germans attack railway In South Africa.
Filibuster against rivers and harbors bill
temporarily checked. Page 8.
Democratic: Congress extravagant, despite
party pledges. Page 6.
Great Britain apologises for criticism.
Coast League results Venice 7, Portland 2;
Los Angeles 13-3, Oakland 6-1; Missions
San Francisco 1. Page 14.
Bezdek works varsity earlles. Page 14.
Idaho football squad light and coach will
rely on speed. Page 14.
Sun shines on 18.000 merrymakers at Fron
tier Days show In Walla Walla. Page t.
Columbia and Snake River waterways con
vention at Spokane predicts navigable
Columbia from mouth to Brltlah Colum
bia. Page 7.
Agricultural College head, in talk at Mult
nomah Fair, urges farmers to organise.
.Commercial and Marine.
Chinese Interpreter arrested and immigra
tion scandal looms. Page 10.
Campaign In Alaska salmon is short and
sharp. Page 13.
Foreign exchange down In New York.
Portland and Vicinity.
Catholics to ask for bids on S250.00O church.
scnooi ana nouse at Seventeenth and
' Couch streets next week. Page 18.
Two hundred business men and others appeal
w uommiBsioners to oar uae ot boycott
banners. . Page 7.
Alameda Park and Beaumont to ret tem
porary schools. Page 15.
Scaddlng House, at Third and Gllsan streets.
is aeaicatea. .fage 8.
Mount Scott delegation makes protest to
Council against vaoclnatlon order.
Police capture Italian bunco man. who eon.
leases, ana three suspects. Page 18.
Dean Sumner. Episcopal bishop-elect of Or.
gon. Dares ideals in address. Page 18.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 18.
aooa Kiver to have exhibit at Land Show.
Army of aspiranta seek Probate Court ap-
LIEGE EXPECTING BATTLE
Germans Warn People to Ieave and
Important Events Probable.
LONDON. Sept. 18. 4:11 A. M. The
correspondent of the Dally Mail at Os
tend says there Is llttladouht that
there are three army corps,'ibout 150,
000 men. in Belgium, and conveys a
report which he has received that the
German military authorities - have ad
vised the civil population of Liege to
leave that town.
German Dirigibles Safe.
LONDON, Sept. 17. Router's corre
spondent at Amsterdam sends the fol
lowing: "The official dispatch from Berlin re
ceived here says the German dirigible
airships have fulfilled all expectations.
None of them has been destroyed or
captured by the enemy, though some of
them have been damaged."
NOW WE'LL ALL DIG UP.
AND FIGHT GOES DN
on Whole Line.
COUNTER ATTACKS ARE MADE
Battle of Aisne Rages, With
FRENCH PROGRESS SLOW
Paris Declares Enemy Has Given
Way Slightly at Certain Points
on French Left Center and
Right Are Unchanged.
PARIS, Sept. 17. "What promises to
be known in history as the battle of
the Aisne is still in progress north
east of Paris. Enough is known to
indicate that the Germans have taken
a strong stand. It is believed certain
positions have been fortified with
heavy guns, and that what began as a
rearguard action may develop into one
of the most important engagements of
It is also known that the German
line has not been broken. There have
been some counter attacks by German
forces, but these could not be con
strued as constituting a forward move
French Left Wing Resisted.
The text of the official communlca
tion is as follows:
"First On our left wing the resist'
ance of the enemy on the heights to
the- north of the River Aisne has con
tlnued in spite of the fact that the
enemy gave back slightly at certain
"Second In the center between Ber-ry-au-Bac,
on the Aisne and the Ar
gonne, the situation shows no change.
The enemy continues to fortify himself
along the lines previously indicated.
Between the Argonne and the Mouse,
the Germans are entrenching them
selves in the vicinity of Montfaucon. In
the Woevre district, we have com in
contact wita several detachments . of
the enemy between Stain and Thia
Allies' Progress Slow.
"Third On our right wing, in Lor
ralne and the Vosges. there had been no
-Summing np, the battle is being
continued along the entire front be
tween the River Olse and the River
Mouse. The Germans occupy positions
organized for defense and armed with
"Our progress is necessarily slow,
but our troops are animated by a spirit
of offensive action and they are giv-
(Concluded nn Page 2.)
Thursday's War Moves
ANOTHER great battle, even more
vital for the countries concerned
than those which have preceded it. is
now in progress on a line extending
from the region of Noyon, on the River
Olse. northwest of Paris, to the River
Meuse, north of Verdun.
ine front is somewhat shorter than
was the case in the battle of the Marne.
but this will result only In a more
fiercely contested battle, with masses
of troops throwing themselves at each
other and every available Diece of ar
tUlery concentrated in the determined
effort of the armies to break through
ine Germans, who & fortnight ago
nao. to abandon their first swift endea
vor to destroy the armies of France
and Ureat Britain and cantura Pari.
have now fortified themselves on the
mountains north of the River Alan.
through the plains of Champagne and
in too Argonne Mountains, through
wnich the Meuse flows. They are In
stronger positions than they were for
me Datue of the Marne and have been
strongly reinforced with fresh troops
from the north and east. They have
attempted some counter attacks against
the allied troops, which. Hushed with
victory, have been trying to preven
mem from intrenching themselves.
According to British and French of
flclal reports these attacks have been
repulsed and the Germans compelled to
give way at certain points, but th
German general staff declares Just th
opposite result haa been attained.
It is certain, however, that the hilly
country north of the Aisne offers good
ground for such tactics. It would ap
pear that these western wings of the
two armies, the German right and the
allies left, are again to bear a heavy
part in the lighting. On the armies
of General von Kluck and General von
Buelow depend the safety of the res
of the German army, should retreat be
decided on or forced on them. Besides
holding the front they have to be pre
pared td withstand another attempt on
the part of the allies to outflank them.
Behind them are splendid lines of rail
way running in all directions, which
facilitate the movement of troops from
St. Quentin. Guise and Mesleres. In
this respect, therefore, they are well
The allies, on the other hand. can.
and it is believed they are bringing in
new troops through Rouen and Amiens
to threaten the German flank. In fact,
nearly the whole of Northwest France
now is open to the allies, the Germans
having withdrawn most of their scat
tered troops eastward toward the Olse,
rrMcn troops, wno also occupy
a valuable center of occupation a
Solssons the engineers having closely
followed the army and repaired the
railways are being reinforced and on
the whole, both as to position and
strength of forces, the opposing armies
appear evenly matched except for the
advantage of the allies in having an
army to threaten Von Kiuck'a flank.
The situation along the rest of the
line is much the same. In the center.
between Rheims and the Argonne. the
uermans continue to fortify them
selves, while between Argonne and the
Meuse they are Intrenching themselves
The Germans are preparing for every
eventuality and are maintaining a force
superior to the Belgian army in Bel
gium to cover the retirement of the
main army should that become neces
ay. xney are reported to be
strengthening the fortifications on the
Rhine, where, if necessary, they could
continue a long defensive.
All reports both from Petrograd and
such Independent sources as Rome and
Bucharest tend to confirm or paint in
gloomier colors the critical position of
me Austrian armies In Galicla. These
armies, which set out to arrest the ad
vance of the main Russian army in
Uermany, have had the tables turned
on tnem by the Russian Generals. Rus
BKy and Brusslloff. and are threatened
with envelopment. Having abandoned
Lemberg, they are now leavinu
frsemysi behind them and retreating
It is said by Russian corresDondents
mat the Austrians have lost all disci
pline, the aim of the men being to get
across tne Carpathians. If this Is true,
tneir commanders are likely to have
difficulty in leading them over 200
miles to Cracow, where they might find
support rrom newly formed German
corps which have assembled there. Be
sides they are in danger from the Rus
sian army coming from the north.
From East Prussia nothing new haa
come today except a report that the
Russian General. Rennenkampff. has
frustrated the attempt to outflank him
and that he has taken up positions in
line with the fortresses on the Russian
Blue of the border.
In Belgium there has been a continu
ation of skirmishes which have been
a feature of the war since the Germans
advanced into France, with advances
and withdrawals as daily occurrencea
For example, the Germans yesterday
outtupitju lermonae, only to leave It
In Italy the agitation for the partici
pation of the country in the war seems
to be on the increase. Italy's position
Is described as one of "armed neutral
ity to prevent the war from causing
her damage and to shape the new slt
nation in conformity with her inter
ests." Roumania is In much the same posi
tion. She does not want to go to war,
but at the same time does not want to
lose any share of the spoils that might
fall to her.
According to announcement from
Washington Germany has suggested
informally that the United States
should undertake to elicit from Great
Britain. France and Russia a state
ment of the terms under which the
allies would make peace. The sugges
tion came through the American Am
bassador at Berlin and was made by
the German Imperial Chancellor In re
ply to the inquiry of the American
FRONTIER DAYS Oil
III RORST OF GLORY
Sun Shines Bright for
1 8,000 Merrymakers.
THRILLS ARE NOT LACKING
Indians in Gorgeous Garb Give
Touch of Color.
GEORGE WEIR BEST ROPER
Walla Walla Show Described by Ad
dison Bennett as "Best Ever" In
All Departments and Specials "
Bring Additional Thousands.
BT ADDISON BENNETT.
WALLA WALLA. Wash.. Sept. 17.
(Special.) A glorious day. a glorious
day's sport. Last night the wife of
Jupiter Pluvius turned on the faucet
of the kitchen sink, and before Mr.
Pluvius could turn it off there was
quite a downpour of moisture, and
something of a drizzle until early this
morning. Then it began to clear, and
by the time the grand entry was made
on the grounds where the Frontier
Days Is holding forth the glorious sun
shine overspread the land In its fullest
For the first hour, it Is true, the
track was a trifle heavy, but in an
hour It had dried sufficiently to make
the going good and there was no sigu
of dust, so all conditions were per
fect and the actors and actresses who
took part in the performances caught
the spirit of the day and the acts went
off under the best auspices.
Management la Praised.
It is understood that Tom Drumheller
Is the master mind and the guiding
hand of Frontier Days. I suppose his
staff also is entitled to praise. But
to Tom let the credit be given for stag
ing one of the best first days that any
stunt of the kind ever enjoyed. It
is true the weather conditions of last
night kept a large number of people
away, but in spite of that there must
have been 18,000 people on the ground.
Since last year seven additional
stands have been erected, so I think
20,000 people could be accommodated
on the grounds without over-crowding
and every seat is a good one with the
whole arena in full view.
Star Performers Present.
Some of the best riders, ropers, bull
doggers and all-round Wild West per
formers in the country are here, such
as John and Fred Spain. Dell and
Bertha Blancet, Jason Stanley, Lucille
Muihall. Prairie Rose Henderson, Tex
McLeod and the Weir brothers, with a
hundred or so leaesr or greater lights.
Indians, Nes Perces, Yaklmas and
Umatillas, nearly 200 In all. and arrayed
in the most gorgeous attires I ever saw
upon the red man, are here with their
squaws and papooses. Indeed, the In
dian show alone was worth more than
the price ot admission, their parade and
dances calling lusty rounds of cheers
from the multitude.
Races Furnlih Thrills.
Some of the best races ever pulled
off at an affair of the kind took place,
many close and hair-raising finishes
bringing the vast audience to its feet
as one man. Perhaps the event, if it
could be called such, was the appear
ance in the arena of a six-horse stage
coach, one of the old Concords that
long, long ago used to come across the
Blue Mountains with the Walla Walla
mall, and on the box was the vener
able Felix Warren, who Is one of the
few living stagecoach drivers of the
The coach showed the stress of years.
the thoroughbraces were broken down
by the weight of years, but Felix
Warren sat as erect, as firm and as
proud as he did 40 years ago, when
the arrival of his stage was the event
of the day in Walla Walla.
Fancy Riding Pleases.
In the steer roping and tying con
test, George Weir made the excellent
time of 21 seconds. In the bucking
contest for women riders. Handsome
Rose Henderson sat the saddle like a
sphinx, cool. calm, unafraid, though
the horse cavorted as only few buck
The relay races were hotly contested.
The racing of the elk herd around the
track was exciting, the dozen buffalo
ran and charged, charged and ran, like
scared but brave wolves, the chariot
race was close, the Roman race bet
ter than the average and the fancy
riding and roping of men and women
Lucille Muihall. champion cowgirl
roper of the world, had hard luck with
her first throw, but roped and tied
in one minute and 45 seconds. Charles
Weir was second, time 33 1-5 seconds.
Stagecoach Tips Over.
Tex McLeod and Homer Wilson
created sensations in fancy roping; Miss
Henderson and Bertha Bianchett rode
wild horses straight up; E. D. Hale's
stagecoach tipped over in the race.
Braden Gerklng won the first day's
pony express race; John Spain made the
best time in the chariot race.
In the bucking-horse contest, B. E.
Daniels was thrown by Monkey-wrench:
Ernest Brown was thrown by Dutch
Jake: Clarence Plant made a great
ride on Blueblazes, but his saddle
girth broke; Allan Drumheller. Jackson
Sundown. Glen Harrison and Canutt all
ma.ae gooa naes.
At the close of the programme
(Concluded on Page 4.)