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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 17, 1914)
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PORTLAND, OREGON. THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER
17. 1914. pkipf! pivp ppytb
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Roads Torn by Deadly
PURSUIT MADE IMPOSSIBLE
Countryside Through Which
Armies Pass Is Picture
WASTE OF WAR IS PITIFUL
Richard Harding Davis De
scribes Second Day of Bat
tle at Soissons.
BY RICHARD HARDING DAVIS
Copyri-rht. by the Wheeler Syndicate.
NEW YORK, Sept. 16, by cable
irom funs, dated Sunday, Sept. 13.
(Delayed by Censor.) The struggle
lor the possession of Soissons lasted
two days. The second day's battle,
which I witnessed, ended with the
city in the possession of the French
It was part of the 6even days of
continuous fighting that began Sep-
leinoer h at Meaux. Tlipn the,
left wing, consisting of the army of
ueneral von Kluck, was within 10
miles of Paris. But the French and
English, instead of meeting the ad
vance with a defense, themselves at
tacked steadily all of last week. At
the rate of 10 miles a day they have
been driving: the Germans back across
the Aisne and the Marne and so have
Artillery Tire Desolating.
"When this retrograde movement of
the Germans began those' who could
not see the nature of the fighting
believed that the German line of com
munication, the one from Aix-la-Chap-pelle
through Belgium, had proved too
long and that the left wing was vol
untarily retiring to meet the new line
of communication ' through Luxem
The fields of battle beyond Meaux,
through which today it was necessary
for me to pass to reach the fight at
Soissons, showed no evidence of lei
surely withdrawal, but on both sides
evidence of most desperate fighting
and of artillery fire that was wid&
spread and desolating. That of the
Germans, intended to destroy the road
from Meaux and to cover their re
treat, showed markmanship so accur
ate and execution so terrible as while
it lasted to make pursuit impossible.
Road Piled With Shattered Trees.
The battlefield stretched from the
hills three miles north of Meaux for
four miles along the road and a mile
to either side. The road is lined with
poplars, three feet across and as hih
as a five-story building. For the four
miles the road was piled with the
branches of these trees. The trees
themselves were split as by lightning
or torn in half as with your hands
you could tear apart a loaf of bread.
Through some solid shell had passed,
leaving clean holes. Others looked as
though drunken woodsmen with axes
from roots to topmost branches had
slashed them in crazy fury. Some
feliells had broken solid trunks in two
as a hurricane snaps a mast.
That no human being could survive
sucli a bombardment I saw many
grewsome proofs. In one place for a
mile the load was lined with those
wicker baskets in which the Germans
earry their ammunition. These were
filled with shells unexploded and be
hind the trenches were hundreds-more
of these baskets, some as larsre as
lobster pots or umbrella stands, for
the shells of the siege guns, and
others, each of three compartments,
for shrapnel. In gutters along the
road and in the wheat fields on either
side the brass shells flashed in the
sunshine like tiny mirrors.
The four miles of countryside over
which for four days both armies had
ploughed the earth with these shells
was the picture of complete desola
tion. The route of the German army
was marked by knapsacks and ac
coutrements scattered over the fields
on either hand as far as you could
(Concluded OA Fas T.J
LOXDOX, Sept. 17. The German
rlg-at wing la now encircled "T the
allies according to at Amlena dispatch-
to the Dally Ken,
LOSDOS, Sept. 16. The admiralty
announces that submarine 13-9 Lieutenant-Commander
Horton, baa re
turned safely after having; torpedoed a
German cruiser six mllea south of Heli
roland. It Is believed the cruiser was
the He-la, the sinking- of which by a
aubmarlne was offlclally reported from
PARIS, via London, Sept. 18. The
Petit Journal prints a teles-rats-, from
Berlin, via Copenhagen, saying the Ger
man Emperor will proceed to East
Pruasla and assume chief command
against the Russians.
ROME, Sept. 16. Despite the ener
getic measures by the Government,
demonstrations In opposition to Italy's
attitude of neutrality continued In the
larger towna today. The -police belna
Insufficient, troops are being; employed
extensively to repress the demonstra
tors and protect foreign embassies.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 16. The Jap
anese Embassy was informed today by
the State Department," which Inquired
about 50 Japanese supposed to have
been In Germany at the outbreak; of the
war, that 12 of those named are not
now In Germany. Among them wu
Tamakl Mlura, greatest of the Japaneae
opera singers, a member of the Im
perial Theater Company atToklo. '
ROME, Sept. 16, via Paris Dispatches
received in Rome from Servla say the
occupation of Vlshegrad Is causing- ex
traordinary excitement throughout
Bosnia, where the Servians are being
welcomed aa liberators. The dispatches
also say that Servian cavalry already
Is approaching Rogatlca, with a view
to opening the way for the army to
proceed to Sarajevo, 28 mllea aoutheaat
LONDON, Sept. 18. Renter's Parle
correspondent aaya 800 flremen left
Parta today to carry out under the di
rection of the army medical service
such sanitary measures on the recent
battlefields as will free the capital and
the region roundabout from all danger
of Infectious diseases.
COPENHAGEN, via London, Sept. 17.
"rurrm von nuaeiDnrg, who has
been directing the German forces in
East Prussia, has been urgently sum
moned from East Prussia to take com
mand of a dlvlalon in the western area,
according; to a message received here
NOTED HUNGARIANS HELD
Max Xordau, Author Detained by
France, Sconts Disarmament Idea.
BORDEAUX. Sept. 16. Max Nordau.
the author and physician, and Count
Michael Karolyl, president of the Hun
garian Independent party, are among
the foreigners who are being tempora
rily detained here.
Nordau, although born In Budapest,
has lived 34 years in France and does
not disguise his sympathy with the
French army. In a conversation with
Paul Berthelot, the writer. Nordau said
"We fight expecting a happy era for
Europe. Total disarmament Is a chi
mera, but partial disarmament may be
EXPLOSIVE BULLETS FOUND
Red Cross Find ' Quantities Left by
Austrlans, Say Russians.
PETEOGRAD, Sept. 17. The general
headquarters of the Red Cross an
nounces that it has been Informed by
telegraph by its representative with
the First Russian regiment at the front
that when Austrian fortifications have
been captured quantities of explosive
bullets,- packed in special parcels and
labeled, have been found. It Is also
charged that explosive missiles have
been used by the Austrlans.
The general headquarters of the Red
Cross has been requested by its repre
sentatives to send into the field a com
mission to investigate the charge.
WOUNDED FILL HOSPITALS
Xumber Arriving In Vienna Up to
Monday Estimated at 60,000.
LONDON. Sept. 17. A dispatch to
the Daily Telegraph from Rome says:
"Sixty thousand wounded arrived in
Vienna up to Monday night. Since
the hospitals had all been filled last
week, huts for the wounded were
erected. Food, physicians and medical
equipment are insufficient.
"In Dalmatia the food situation is
most serious and bread is being doled
out by the military authorities."
AMBROSE B1ERCE MISSING
Newspaper Writer, in Mexico Since
December, Object of Search.
WASHINGTON, "Sept. ' 16. (Special.)
Ambrose Bierce, widely known as an
author and newspaper writer, has been
missing in Mexico since last December
and friends have requested the State
Department to begin a search for him.
Mr. Bierce has lived in Washington
for several years. x
His secretary, Miss Carrie Christen
son, an English instructor, will arrive
here tomorrow from San Francisco to
direct plans for conducting the search.
Airmen Battle Viciously.
LONDON. Sept. 17. The correspond
ent of the Times at Havre, after giv
ing, vivid description of the battle of
the Aisne, says:
"While this battle was proceeding a
most exciting battle of aeroplanes, Ger
man and English, occurred hig-h in the
air. It was a great struggle, the ma
chines darting hither and thither till
finally the German, wounded, fell to
ON 110-MILE LINE
Paris Says Reinforce
ments Have Come.
STRONG ORGANIZATION SHOWN
Capture of Many Prisoners on
Previous Retreat Reported.
BERLIN NOT CAST DOWN
German General Staff Declares No
Victories Have Been Won. by
Enemy and Decisive Result
Is Improbable Soon.
PARIS, Sept. 16 It la officially an
nounced here that the Germans are
fighting a strong defensive battle along
their front from Noyon. 65 miles north
east of Paris, to a point north of Ver
dun. The line thus runs nearly east and
west. The battle line, according to this
report, is 110 miles long.
Germans Make Stand.
The official communication says:
"During the days of September 14
and 15 the rearguard of the enemy was
overtaken by our pursuing force and
oblige to turn and face us. Rein
forced by large armies, the Germans
waged a defensive battle along their
entire front, on which certain of their
positions show strong organization. This
front is bounded by the region of Noy
on, the plains to the north of Vic-sur-Aisne
and Soissons, Laon, the heights
to the north and to the west of Rheims
and a line which runs thenca to the
north of Ville-sur-Tourb, to the west of
the Argonne region, and which is con
tinued thence beyond the Argonne by
another line, which passes north of
Varennes, a point that has been evac
uated by the enemy, and reaches the
River Mouse in the neighborhood of
the Forest of Forges, which is north
Stragglers Added to Prisoners.
"During, the pursuit of the enemy
executed by our troops after the battle
of the Marne. the Germans abandoned
numerous prisoners to our hands. To
these men there has been 'added a large
multitude of stragglers, who were hid
den in the forests. '
"No exact accounting of these pris
oners, or of the war material captured
by us so far has been possible. It is
for this reason that the Minister of
War, who does , not want to give out
figures which might be considered fan
tastic, refrains from announcing the
details of these captures."
Another official communication ls-
(Concluded on Page 2.)
OF D?rW5L c
1IDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 1
aeg-rees- minimum, bu decrees.
TODAY'S Unsettled weather with occa
sional rain; southerly winds.
Richard Hardlnr Davis describes desperats
flshtlns as Qermans retreat. Face 1.
Wilson refuses to pass on Kaiser's complaint
, that allies use dumdum bullets. Pace i
Be! Kino commission's report allealne- atroci
ties by Germans submitted to president
wuson. face 1.
Associated Press correspondent says Ger
mans not cullty of cruelties. Pace 8.
Gsrmana making strong resistance en line
iju miles long, race 1.
Solssona again In hands of French. Pace 3.
British Ambassador to Austria aaya war with
Russia was once almost -prevented.
Austrlans say thay are preparing to return
to attack on. Russians. Pass
John Redmond pledgee Ireland'a aid to Km
plre In wsr. Page 4.
Democrats aree on special war tax list.
Sir IJonel Card en forced to leave Mexico by
Carranza. Pace 4.
Colorado miners accept President Wolson's
peace plan, pace .
Coast "League results Los Angeles ft, Oak
land 1; San Francisco 6, Missions 0.
Kores refuses to wear Giant uniform at sal
ary of S1UO0. Pace 8.
Federals ask truce of organised ball and
chance at world's championship. Page .
Portland pololata defeat Lewistoa players
at tjpokane. Pace 8.
C X. 1-aj-rabeo, millionaire philanthropist.
drops dead in Belllngham, Wash. Pace 14.
Commercial and Marine.
Oreg-on hop market' opens up with heavy
buying. Page IB.
Reports of German-Austrian vlotorlee send
wheat tip at Chicago. Page 19.
Dock Commission to ask consignees to keep
municipal dock clear, owing to need of
space. Page 13.
Portland and Vicinity.
New shows at movlng-ploture theaters show
notables In photoplays. Page 15.
Commissioners shelve measure aimed at
"Painless" Parker's street dental work.
Dean W. T. Sumner of Chicago elected
Episcopal Blsnop for Oregon. Page 1.
Welfare Commission to adopt cannery rules.
Dinner dance at Commercial Club Is crest
success. Page 9.
Ex-Senator Bourne eager to see Mr, Booth
elected. Page 18.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 18.
Milwaukee would enter Portland. Pace 13.
CHICAGO GAINS 806,668
School Census Shows Inhabitants
. Xumber 2,437,526.
CHICAGO, Sept. 16.- The population
of Chicago is 2,437,526, according to the
biennial school census made public to
day. This is an increase of '252,243
over the Federal census taken in 1910.
Of the number 806,668 were born of
American fathers, 876,288 were born of
7he Germans lead, the foreign-born
citizens with 399,977; the Poles are sec
ond with 231,346, and the Russians third
TURKS AT BULGARIAN LINE
Prussian Cavalry Officer Expected
to Be in Command.
PARIS, Sept 16. A dispatch to the
Havas Agency from. Petrograd says:
"It is announced that the Turks have
concentrated a large army on the Bul
garian frontier and that General Liman
Van Sanders, a Prussian cavalry offi
cer -.who trained the Turkish army, is
expected to take command."
HELP THE OREGON FARMER AND
Bt EFND CORriln ARGENT. nf
WOOL AfMUTTOri IliAofffi
COTTON GQbqs IN JAPAN
CH EMICALS AiWQYS IM GERMAnv
PERFUMES-. N .FRANSSE .
rvl ITAI V
I t ' 1 I I !
Charges Against Ger
MANY MASSACRES ALLEGED
Commission Says Murder Was
Accompanied by Torture.
DESTRUCTION IS PICTURED
Allegations Divided Into Groups and
Are Declared Supported by Evi
dence Individual In
WASHINGTON. Sept. 16. A resume
of the findings of the Belgian commis
sion of Inquiry appointed by the King
of the Belgians to investigate the al
leged atrocities committed by German
troops, by the Belgian legation here.
was made public today after the report
had been presented to President Wll
The findings were grouped under the
headings of "the atrocities at Llnsmeau
and OrsmaeL" "the massacre of Aer
schot" and "the destruction of Lou-
vain." The summary follows:
"German cavalry occupying the ' vil
lage of Llnsmeau were attacked by
some Belgian troops and two gen
darmes. A German officer was killed
by the Belgian soldiers during the
fighting and subsequently buried at the
request of the Belgian officer In com
Peasants' Skulls Fractured.
"None of the civilians had taken pa
In the fight: nevertheless, the village
was Invaded at dusk by a strong force
of German cavalry, artillery and ma
chine guns. In spite of the formal
assurances given by the Burgomaster
that none of the civilians bad taken
part in the fight, two fartnB and six
outlying houses were destroyed by
gunfire and reduced to ashes. All the
male population were then ' compelled
to come forward and .hand over what
ever arms they possessed. No recent
ly discharged firearms were found.
"Nevertheless the Invaders divided
these peasants into three groups: those
in one group were bound and 11 of
them placed in a ditch, where they af
terward were found dead, their skulls
fractured by the butts of rifles.
Houses Looted la Night.
"In the night of August 10 German
cavalry entered Velm in great num
bers. The inhabitants were isi.n
"Without provocation the Germans
nred on Mr. Deglirameq's house and
broke Into it. Tehy destroyed furniture
(Concluded on Pah, 3.
Wednesdays War Moves
HE German and allied armies
again are facing each other on a
long, slightly curved line stretching
from Noyon in the west to the Argonne
Forest on the east and thence across
the Mens to the southeast, in the
direction of the German fortress of
That the Germans Intend to give
battle on this line, with the River
Aisne in front of their right, the hills
of Rheims facing their center, and
the mountains and forest of Argonne
on their left, there seems little doubt.
They went back steadily before, the
French and English armies, fighting
only rearguard actions until their
right, in command of General von
Kluck, got across the Aisne.
They then turned and delivered sev
eral founter attacks, which, however,
according to the British official re
port, were repulsed. These counter
attacks doubtless were delivered in the
hope of giving the troops of the right
wing, exhausted by the long advance
followed by a retreat almost as long,
the opportunity of resting and pre
paring positions from which they could
resist attacks from the allies, and In
which they could await reinforcements
before taking up the offensive again.
Th Germans are In the hilly country
around Noyon, on the plateau north
of Vic-sur-Alsne and Soissons and
north of Rheims, where they are dig
ging strong entrenchments and re
ceiving reinforcements. Even here this
right wing, which has up. to the pres
ent borne the brunt of the fighting in
the advance and the retreat, is not
altogether . safe, for the -French army
operating from Amiens clings to its
flank, while the British and French
forces continue to press in front.
It is essential, however, that they
should hold their positions, for they
cover the lines of retreat to the north,
which would be the only way out if
defeat should be their lot. Both sides
have suffered heavily.
The German center, which in the last
few days has come more into line with
the two wings, now stretches from the
heights north of Rheims to the western
foothills of the Argonne Ridge, dipping
a little south to touch Ville-sur-Tourbe,
Just northeast of Camp de Chalons. This
is all high, rough ground, in many
places covered by forest, which may by
this time have been destroyed.
The German left has been driven
back a little farther than the center
and holds the ground from west of the
Argonne hills north of Varennes,
which the French have reoccupied. to
the ileuse, which it crosses at Con
senvoye, and thence southeastward to
The crossing of the Meuse. which the
Germans have selected at Consenvoye,
is Just out of range of the fortress
guns of Verdun, so that as far as the
battle now pending is concerned they
have not to reckon with this strong
hold, except as it offers support to the
French in case the allies are compelled
The Germans on this line cover as
many lines of retreat as possible, in
cluding those to Namur, Glvet, Mez
leres, Sedan and Stenay, and should
soon be ready, if they have not already
begun, to give battle, or, if the often
sive comes from the other side, to de
fend their positions.
, it is Deueved General Jpf fre, the
French commander-in-chief, retains the
initiative, having received .reinforce
ments to relieve his overworked
troops, but whether he will try again
to envelop the German right or to
break up the Crown Prince's army on
the left remains to be seen. It is
known that the German right has been
considerably reinforced, so that it
would be more difficult than before to
work around that wing, while the Ger
man left and center, which also have
seen a lot of hard fighting and held
their positions until the retirement of
the right compelled them also to fall
back, doubtless have been stiffened
despite the fact that many troops have
been sent to the eastern frontier.
Neither side has attempted to make
any estimate of the losses in killed
wounded and captured during the bat
tle of the Marne, but they must have
been enormous and will doubtless be
blow to all the countries concerned
when they are disclosed. Many Ger
man prisoners have . fallen into the
hands of the British and so great a
number of prisoners and stragglers
have been taken by the French that
the Minister of War refuses to make
an estimate, for fear of being accused
of exaggeration. It is the number of
dead and wounded scattered through
the field from the Marne to the Aisne
that It is feared will be staggering.
"The losses In Galicla and Poland.
where fighting has been going on in
cessantly for more than three weeks,
are even greater than those in. France,
and. according to official reports, the
Russians are still following the Aus
trian and German forces In the hope of
striking another blow before they can
One report from Petrograd says that
the Russians have severed communica
tions between Cracow and Przemysl.
the two fortresses for which the Aus
trlans and their German allies are
heading, and have begun an advance to
sever communications between Galicla
Meantime the Russian General. Ren-
nenkampff, who, according to Russian
reports. Invaded East Prussia to com
pel the Germans to withdraw troops
from the west and thus relieve pres
sure on the allies, is having some -dif
ficulty in extrlcaiing his army from a
difficult position, lit has been com
pelled to fall back to fortresses on his
own frontier, where he is waiting for
the Germans under General von Hin-
denburg. whom some reports say the
German Emperor has Joined.
The opinion is held that the Germans
plan some bold stroke against Rennen
kampff before the troops which have
been engaged in Galicia can reach him.
It is pointed out, however, that it
would be a bold stroke indeed for the
Germans to attack the Russian forts
on the frontier or invade a country
that within a 'few weeks will be a
marsh and later a snow-covered wilder
REV. W. T. SUMNER
IS ELECTED BISHOP
Chicago Man Chosen
SESSION PASSES MIDNIGHT
High and Low Churchmen
Unite on Choice of Head.
FOURTH CHOICE IS FINAL
New Leader Active In Keform Work
In Chicago Slums and Directs
Activities of Vice Commission
and City School Board.
After deliberating and balloting all
day and evening the clergy and lay
delegates of the Episcopal Diocese of
Oregon, assembled in Trinity parish
house. Nineteenth street, near Wash
ington, elected the Very Rev. Walter T.
Sumner, of Chicago, to succeed the lata
Bishop Charles Scadding as bishop of
the Diocese of Oregon. The result was
reached about 12:30 o'clock this morn
Insr. Three times the clergy delegates of
the diocese of Oregon elected a bishop
and three times the lay delegates re
fused to indorse the selection, thus nul
lifying the election.
At midnight no election had resulted
and the delegates were still In session.
Name Meets Hearty Favor.
Then the name of the Very Reverend
Walter T. Sumner, who had been nom
inated in the afternoon, was again
suggested and it met with Immediate
and almost universal favor.
On the first ballot following the
clergy elected the Rev. Mr. Sumner by
a vote of 21 out of 28, the seven votes
being scattered between the field, with
the Right Reverend Charles a Burc-Jv,
of New York, receiving four.
The . laity overwhelmingly Indorsed
the selection made by the clergy by
giving him their first majority, 13 to
2. As only 11 votes were necessary to
accomplish ' an election; the Rev. Mr.
Sumner was declared elected subject to
the consent of the standing committees
and the bishops over the United States.
Following the election both boJIes
made the choice unanimous by mo
tion. evr Head Slam Worker.
The Rev. Walter T. Sumner has for
eight years been dean of the Chicago
cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul, lo
cated in the heart of the slum district
of West Chicago. He is also superin
tendent of the city missions. He is a
graduate of Dartmouth College and of
the Western Theological Seminary in
The bishop-elect, who will be 49
years old December 5. is unmarried. He
served as chairman of the Vice Com
mission of Chicago in forming one of
its famous reports, and was a member
of the Chicago School Board until the
resignation of his favorite, Mrs. Ella
Flagg Young, from the city superln
tendency. He has been West several
times on Chautauqua tours, lecturing
on white slavery and kindred topics.
The Rev. Frederick K. Howard, a for
mer classmate, who first nominated the
bishop-elect at the afternoon session.
styles him as a civic and social worker
of the first rank and as a man who
declines to accept the title of high
churchman or low churchman, being an
all-around" man. In this sense the
chosen bishop was a compromise candi
On the fourth ballot taken in the
afternoon the clergy selected the
Right Rev. Sheldon Munson Oris
wold, bishop of Kansas, subject to
the confirmation of the laity.
Shortly before 6 o'clock the lay dele
gates reported that tney stood 8 !-i votes
for confirmation of the election and
eight votes against confirmation. As
11 votes were necessary for confirma
tion, the action of the laity, in effect.
vetoed the election made by the clergy.
Maay Candidates Named.
On motion, the convention then ad
journed until 8 o'clock, when nomina
tions were again made and the for
mality of balloting was resumed. -
The fourth ballot at the night ses
sion resulted in the selection of a dark
horse. Rev. C If. Young, of Chicago.
but by a vote of 10 "yes" and 6 "no,"
returned shortly a'fter 11 o'clock, the
lay delegates again refused to confirm
the election, and balloting was resumed
by the clergy.
The clergy again-chose Rev. Mr.
Griswold, who had prevrously been
turned down by the laity, giving htm 16
votes or the necessary majority. The
lay delegates again refused to accept
the election' by giving only eight votes
out of 15 for confirmation, thus lack
ing three full votes of the required ma
At the morning session Dr. - John
Henry Hopkins, of the Christ Church
of the Redeemer, in Chicago, was nom
inated by Rector G. F. Rosenmuller, of
Astoria, and Bishop Griswold, of Salina.
Kan-, was nominated by Dean H- M.
Ramsey, of St. Stephen's Pro-Cathedral.'
Following the noon recess, four more
candidates were nominated. Rev. W. A.
Breck presented the name of the Right
Reverend William C. Robertson, of
Chattanooga, Tenn., Rev. T. F. Bowen
nominated the Rev. Edward Lambs
Parsons of Berkeley. Cal.. Rev. Fred
rick K. Howard nominated .the very
tCuucludcd on Page It.)