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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 1, 1914)
VILLA MOVES NEXT
TO TAKE - SALTILLO
Force of 15,000 Men to Be
i Mobilized Against Rebel
V, Garrison of 10,000.
TAMPICO IS PART OF PLAN
Attackers Said to Have 30 Field
Guns, but Ammunition Is Short.
Zacatecas Already Com
pletely Bottled Vp.
CHIHUAHUA, April 30. General Vil
la has taken Immediate steps to mob
ilize his entire force, estimated at 16,
O00 men, around Saltillo. In the fore
front undoubtedly will be Monclovia
Ilerrera's brigade of 1300 men. Mon
clovio Herrera, with his brother Luis,
Js credited with being the most effect
ive "fighting man" in Northern Mexico
with the exception of Villa. It was re
ported at one time that Carranza con
templated replacing Villa in the su
preme rebel command by General Mon-c-lovlo
Many of the troops counted on to
tke part in the movement against Sal
tillo already are in the field. General
Fernando Cos already has 4000 men
'aerating south of Saltillo. .
Soldier Dominated by "Generals."
Villa expects to put 15 brigades into
the field. This distribution of his com
mand does not follow the United States
or foreign qualifications. Some of the
brigades number only 300 men, but
each is definitely identified with some
particudlar "General." whose care for
his troops and fighting qualities have
so endeared him to his men that the
real objectives of the revolutionary
movement have been subordinated In
the minds of the common soldiers to
the fact that they fight at the com
mand and live under the protection of
the General in whose "gente" they
The federal garrison at Saltillo orig
inally consisted of 2800 men, but the
fugitives from the remnants of Velas
co's Torreon army and the fleeing gar
rison of Monterey have Increased that
force to. 10,000.
Zacatecas Already Bottled I'p.
Th present federal line of defense
runs through Zacatecas. Saltillo and
Tampico. Zacatecas already is invest
ed by General Is'atera, who is said to
have the federal garrison effectively
bottled up. Rebel army officers are
confident that Tampico will fall soon.
General Velasco now is in Mexico
City and the identity of the commander
(( the federal forces at Saltillo is un
known here. San Pedro ja expected to
be the rebel base for the operations
against Saltillo. The railroad line from
that point now has been opened to
Hipoloto. It is estimated that the rebel
forces have 30 field guns, but it is re
ported the supply of , ammunition for
this branch of the service is light. The
supply of rifle amunition at the dispo
sition of the rebels is estimated by
foreign army officers at 400 rounds to
REFUGEES AUK REPORTED SAFE
Consuls Account for American Resi
dents, Including Oregon Man.
WASHINGTON. April 30. Among
refugees reported by Consul Canada as
having arrived safe at Vera Cruz are
a colony from the Alvarado construc
tion camp of Pittsburg, located at Mac.
lnczo. State of Oaxaca, who completed
their Journey from Alvarado in a fish
ing schooner. In the party were P. W.
Weber, wife and four children, of St.
Louis; R. H. Grimshaw. wife, daughter
Mary and sons, of Johns" Island, S. C;
Kugene Kniggs, of Yorktown. Tex.;
Henry Bren wals, of Coos County, Ore
gon; Frank Adams, negro servant, and
Mr. and Mrs. Walter Schwachow.
The following arrived from Oaxaca
by way of Mexico City: Dr. and Mrs.
H. A. Monday, of Terrell. Mex.; Mr. and
Mrs. A. E. Place, of Boston: Mr. and
Mrs. William Fernandez, of Browns
ville, Tex. They reported that 27 other
Americans were on a train bound to
I'uerto Mexico. L. O. Cook and J. K.
Bnyder, of Tierra Blanca, also arrived
on the same train.
Consul Canada further reported that
these Americans were making safe
progress out of the country: Guy P.
Merian. wU'e and three children. Mr.
and Mrs. W. F. Dinkins and Mrs. H. C.
Dinkins have left Mexico City for Puer
to Mexico. The Bon of Ralph Smith,
of Jacksonville. Kla.. has arrived at
Vera Cruz and is said to have left for
the United States. Mrs. L. L. Lamar
Is reported to be in Jalapa. Carlos La
mar has arrived in Vera Cruz. Mr. and
Mrs. S. M. Emery. C. N. Grigsby, W. F.
Kunz, Charles Dupaw, Claudia Hag
gard. R. W. Lee, Mr. and Mrs. W. L.
Walker, Mr. and Mrs. William A.
Parker, Mrs. Betty Parker. Hal Bren
nan, F. E. Townsend. W. A. Wayland
and Jay Fry.
Consul-General Bucklin at Guayte
mj la was today instructed by the State
Department to furnish food, transpor
tation across the country and ship pass
age to New Orleans for 160 American
refugees now on their way to San Jose
de Guaytemala from Salinas Crux, on
the Mexican Pacific Coast.
Consul Manna at Monterey reported
that order had been restored there since
the occupation of Monterey by the reb
els and that business was being re
umed. No Americans were killed. Guy
Sawyer received 'slight wounds, from
Twhtch he is recovering.
' Consul Canada advises that Burton
'"Wilson, who was taken off Charge
O'Shaughnessy's train at Lavilla and
Bent back, is reported safe in Mexico
City. The district of Durango has been
canvassed by Consul Ham m for Ameri
cans and ho reported there are 60 in
Purango, 14 in Torreon and 16 others
scattered. Ninety-one Americans, com
prising the entire Mormon colony at
Bavlspe. have arrived safely at Doug
las. Ariz.. Consul Slmpich at Nogales
loss in Mexico Given as 1 6 Killed
and 70 'Wounded.
WASHINGTON, April 30. The latest
reports received by the Navy Depart
ment of the number of, American
casualties at the occupation of Vera
Cruz is as follows:
Killed 11 sailors, four marines, one
service, unidentitied. Total. 1.
Wounded Two naval officers. 51
sailors. 14 marines, three service, un
identified. Total. 70.
Arizona Militia Relieved.
YUMA. Ariz., April 30. The Arizona
militia which has been doing border
patrol duty and which was recalled at
the order of Governor Hunt, was re
placed today by Company D of the
Twelfth United States Infantry, along
the Laguna dam and irrigation gates
THREE SOUTH AMERICAN DIPLOMATS WHO ASti AOTINCr AS
MEDIATION IS LIKED
Argentine Press Raises Idea of
T. R. IS LISTED FOR WAR
La Razon Says Colonel's Partisans
Were Belligerent but Wilson Saw
Importance or Historic Mo
ment and Seized It.
BUENOS AY RES. Argentina. April 30.
Commenting on the mediation now
proceeding between the United States
and Mexico, La Razon today says:
"The acceptance by the United
States of the mediation signifies a great
step taken by President Wilson and
the Democratic party towards Pan
Americanism." The newspaper adds:
"We believe the partisans of Theo
dore Roosevelt desired war and that
President Wilson saw the importance
of the historic moment and thus rati
The newspapers of Buenos Ayres
continue to comment favorably on
what they described as the "evident
desire of Washington to show a spirit
of fairness in its relations with the
republics of South and Central Amer
ica." Referring to the convening of the
Colombian Congress to consider the
new treaty with the United States for
a settlement of the Panama dispute,
La Nacion says:
"This treaty will result in re-establishing
on a lasting basis the friendly
relations of the two countriiu. ah
South America will rejoice at the con
clusion of an amicable and equitable
solution of the Panama difficulty.
"The proceedings at Bogota, together
with President Wilson's acceptance of
mediation in the Mexican difficulty by
Argentina, Brazil and Chile, are Con
vincing proofs of the spirit of concilia
tion and fairness which the Washing
ton Government evidently is desirous
of showing in its relations with nelgh-
La Prenza says: The mediation of
the Mexican difficulty makes It in
cumbent on the Argentine people to
observe complete neutrality and to co
operate, by an attitude of perfect im
partiality, in this noble work of peace."
HUERTA AGREES TO PLAN
fContlTmert From First Pag.)
as the , Constitutionalist president of
On whether or not General Carranza
accepts any proposal for an armistice
as between himself and General
Huerta depends the limitation, for the
present, of the field of the din1nmt
Should Carranza refuse to accept any
armistice with Huerta the work. It is
realized, would be confined solelv to
settling the differences between the
United States and Mexico, although the
diplomats have not given up the Idea
of solving the whole problem of the
pacification of Mexico and. its Interna
Administration officials who read
Carranza's note accepting1 the good of
fices noted the ambiguous language in
his anawer, but were inclined to be
UNITED STATES AND
Top Uft Ruinulo 8. Xaun, Sllnlater
from Argentina. Bottom tLeft)
Ur, Domlclo de Cuia, .Imbuudor
From II mill) (Rlg-ht) Srnor Don Ed
uardo Sunrca, Minister Front Cnlle.
optimlstio In the hope that technicali
ties would soon be brushed aside and a
clearer understanding obtained of iust
what was Intended by the constitution
Oil Wells Are Considered.
Various conjectural reports continued
to circulate as to the work of the
mediators. One of these, as to a neutral
zone around Tampico, was later said
not to have been considered by the
mediators. Another referred to a tem
porary provisional commission in Mex
ico in case Huerta retired. There was
nothing authoritative as to this, but it
was believed in some quarters that
Huerta now realized that his strength
and authority had waned until It could
not last much longer.
Further conferences were held today
at the State Department' on the sug
gested establishment of a neutral zone
about Tampico. so that neither federal
nor constitutional operations would de
stroy the- valuable foreign-owned oil
properties there. It was said that this
proposal already had been submitted to
the two factions.
These oil wells, it was pointed out.
If once set afire, are under Buch strong
pressure that they could not be ex
tinguished and hundreds of millions of
barrels of oil would be lost.
TREATY IS HELD BACK
COLOMBIAN PACT TO AWAIT SET
TLEMENT WITH MEXICO.
Opposition In Senate to Payment of
925,000.000 for Canal Rights Be
WASHINGTON. April 30 All efforts
to obtain immediate ratification by the
Senate of the treaty with Colombia
providing for the payment of $25,000,
000 by the United States to end the
ten-year dispute over the secession of
Panama and which gives that coun
try's warships the free use of the Pan
ama Canal, practically has been aban
doned by the Administration, pending
the settlement of the difficulties with
Secretary Bryan, it is understood to
night, does not contemplate sending the
treaty, which has already been signed
by representatives of the Colombian
State Department, to the Senate at the
present time. Many Senators declare
that opposition to ratification is so
strong that the upper houses- ap
approval could hardly be obtained at
Although the sentiment in the Senate
on the new peace treaties being negoti
ated by Secretary Bryan is not so well
defined, it is believed that they also
will be held in abeyance.
AMERICAN SUICIDE ABROAD
Henry C. Fitzgerald Ends Life in
LONDON-, April 30. Henry C. Fitz
gerald, an American who had ' lived
abroad for ten years and waa known
as "Major." shot himself at Charing
Cross Hotel today and died shortly af
terward. Fitzgerald, who was 50 years old and
always lived well, passed the last year
In France. He arrived in London on
Tuesday and registered at the hotel,
together with an English friend. Will
iam Merant, who today declared that
he thought Fitzgerald's suicide was
the result of money matters. The. an
tecedents and claims to the rank of
Major of Fitzgerald are unknown.
COLOHEL AYRE WED
Wealthy Oregon Bachelor Mar
ries In Vancouver, Wash.
OLD LOVE IS REKINDLED
Romance of Trip Through India
Capped In Ceremony In Office of
Judge It. H. Back, Where Party
Is Sent by Charles A. Johns.
VANCOUVER. Wash.. April 30
(Special.) Colonel W. . Ayre, one of
the most wealthy sheepmen of the
State of Oregon. 63 years old, a bache
lor and a capitalist, was In the city
for 30 minutes today, but when he re
turned he had a wife, who before she
was married to him by Judge R. H
Back. of the Superior Court of Clarke
County, was Mrs. M. Orra Eckerson. of
Salem. N. Y. Mr. Ayre. when on a trip
to India, first met his wife, who was
alpo on a trip around the world.
Charles A. Johns, attorney of Port
land, and candidate for Governor, es
sayed the task of guiding; the happy
couple to get a license.
When Mr. Johns entered the office
of the County Clerk he sidled up to
the counter and whispered to W. s. T.
Derr, County Clerk, the Information
that he wanted a marriage license.
"I am sorry," returned Mr. Derr,
"but unless you want to start divorce
proceedings I can be of no assistance
to you. We do not Issue licenses in
this office. I thought you were a mar
"So I am. but the license Is for my
friends," replied Mr. Johns, crestfallen.
And the party left the office and later
found the proper place. Mrs. Ella 8.
Butler, Deputy Auditor. handed a
blank to Mr. Johns to fill out and he
took his pen and began, but when he
read the questions he found that it was
Mr. Ayre who should fill out the blank.
Tre ceremony was performed bji
Judge R. It Back, of the Superior
Court, who went to Portland on the
same ferry with the bridal party. Mrs.
Edwin Bullls, mother of the bride,
CARRANZA ORDERS ATTACK
( Continued From First Pare.)
funds by war taxes and confiscation.
George C. Carothers, special agent
here of the State Department. Is work
ing day and night, but concerning the
Important affairs passing through him
ho la about as voluble as the sphynx.
Telegrams are known to be flying be
tween Washington and Chihuahua, and
Carothers and Roberto V. Pesquelra,
Carranza's confidential agent here, are
In frequent conference. The latter
holds dally and nightly conferences
with his chief by telegraph.
Chiefs to Go to Torreon.
Villa's present Itinerary probably will
be arranged so that he can accompany
Carranza into Torreon next Sunday
when he is to review the troops. It is
understood that he wile visit Monterey
also to congratulate his forces there on
the capture of the city. It is Said that
the rebel capital will move to Torreon
with the first chief, and that after the
expected capture of Saltillo, Salubrios
City will have the honor.
Jb'- Musquis has been authorized by
General Carranza to proceed to Ciudad
Porfirio Diaz (Pledras Negras). Laredo
and other cities recently taken by the
rebels to install civil officers. Work
of repairing railroads will be pushed
with great energy, it is stated.
A letter to General Felipe Angeles,
chief of the rebel artillery, from Gen
eral Mass, the federal commandant at
Saltillo. and signed by a number of
other generals and lesser officers, ask
ing Angeles to join the fedtrals
against the United States, was re
ceived here today. Angeles' reply was
also was given out to the effect that
he would not compound Huerta's
crimes by joining him.
Villa Denies Breach.
In a letter addressed to the Asso
ciated Press and signed by General
Villa, the latter asserts that the best
of feeling exists between himself and
Carranza. The letter follows:
"To the Associated Press It is ab
solutely false as statements In the
newspapers have maintained that there
exists bad feeling between the supreme
chief of the Constitutionalists and my
self. Between us there exists the
greatest cordiality and good feeling,
and I, for my part, will always tender
the chief the respect and subordination
which I have always shown in all my
acts. ' FRANCISCO VILLA."
The letter is dated April 29.
REFUGEES ARE IX QUANDARY
Purported. Telegram From Bryan
Puzzles Americans on Border.
NOGALES, Ariz.. April 30. Between
being advised by mineowners that Sec
retary of State Bryan had sanctioned
the return of Americans to Mexico and
being warned by United States Consuls
that they should not return under any
circumstances, Americans on the Amer
ican border today professed to be in a
About 400 Americans recently were
ordered out of the copper mining camp
at Cananea and forced to take refuge
at N'aco, Ariz., after they had been sub
jected to a hostile demonstration by
rebel leaders A Cananea. In spite of
this fact, copper mine operators today
exhibited telegrams purporting to come
from Secretary Bryan and saying there
was no objection to Americans return
ing to Cananea. ,
Most of the Americans were driven
to the American side penniless, and
they desired to return to their Mexican
homes if they could do so safely. When
they appealed to consular agents they
were told to remain out of Mexico
despite all assurances to the contrary.
Telegrams also were sent to Secretary
Bryan asking him whether the State
Department had sanctioned the return
of any Americans and advising him
against their return. Consul Frederick
Simpick at Nogales and Consular Agent
C. L. Montague at Naco, said they had
no instructions other than to help
Americans out of the Southern republic
WOMA.V IX PERILOUS POSITION
American Hides in Basement of
Home While 'Snipers Use Roor.
ST. LOUIS, April 30. The story of
how Mexican "snipers" at Vera Cruz,
during the battle with American
marines and bluejackets, fired from the
roof of a house while an American
woman and her two children huddled
In the basement of the same building
was told by Mrs. Eman B. Beck. wif
of the president of a Mexico City bank
ing company. Mrs. Beck, with a party
m.4v i, 1914,
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of refugees from Mexico, passed
througrh St. Louis on her way to
A few weeks ago Mrs. Beck and her
two daughters left Mexico City for
Vera Cruz and in the latter city took
up a temporary residence at 18 Con
stituencion street, a few blocks from
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"When the fighting began," said Mrs.
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hours, while 'snipers' led by a citizen
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hauled a machine gun to the roof of
our house. It was a terrible period
for us, as we knew not at what moment
they might vent their hostility on us."
Fishing: Sclrooner Seeks Shelter.
NEWPORT, Or, April 30 (Special.)
The halibut fisning- schooner Deco
ra h. Captain Robert Voeth. put Into
this harbor at 5 P. M. today for shel
ter from a heavy northwester with
6000 pounds of halibut on board, as the
result of less than one day's fishing.
Captain Voeth ' reports ftshlng good,
but very rough weather and sea.
Disease laid to Manicure Shops.
NEW YORK. April 30. Manicure
shops and the,' operators are responsi
ble in a great degree for the spread of
felons and other forms of Infection of
the hand, according to statements made
today by Dr. Edward Wallace Lee be
fore the convention of the Medical
Society of the State of New York.
LOSS OF APPETITE
Most Successfully Treated by Taking
Loss of appetite is accompanied by
loss of vitality, which is serious. .
It is common in the Spring because
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