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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 30, 1914)
VOL. I-IV. NO. 16,6TO.
PORTLAND. OREGON, THURSDAY, APRIL 30, 1914.
PRICK FIVE CENTS.
Mediators to Broaden
Scope of. Efforts.
CARRANZA GIYES HIS ASSENT
"Elimination of Huerta" May
v, . Not Be Raised.
ARMISTICE IS DISCUSSED
tJnlted States Expected to Assent bnt
Will Stipulate Any Untoward
Act Toward Americans
j . Will Violate Terms.
WASHINGTON. April 29. The scope
f mediation plans for tho settlement
of the Mexican crisis was suddenly
broadeuded tonight so as to Include the
entire range of Mexican affairs not
alone the critical Issue between the
United States and the Huerta regime,
but also the conflict between the ele
ments of Northern and Southern Mexico
which have rent the-republic.
"This signal enlargement of the
mediation programme followed the re
ceipt, late In the day, of a formal ac
ceptance by General Carranza. chief of
the constitutionalist forces, of the prin
ciple of mediation, as proposed by the
Ambassador from Brazil and the Min
isters from Argentina and Chile.
Armistice Confidently Expected.
Already the United States and Gen
eral Huerta formally had accepted the
good offices of these South American
envoys and now as a. further step Gen
eral Carranza has been brought into
the deliberations, so as to draw every
element and faction within the range
of- any settlement which may be at
tained. Earlier In the day the mediators
made another decisive move in asking
the United States and General Huerta
to agree to an armistice by which all
agreusive military movements 'would
be suspended pending the outcome of
the negotiations. The mediators con
fidently expect both sides to accept
' the armistice proposal.
, Stipulation to Be Made.
A separate proposal for an armistice
s between Huerta and Carranza will
also be made, and with Its acceptance
all of the warring elements through
out Mexico, as well as the American
forces, . would maintain a military
status quo. The American Government
In Its formal reply to the armistice pro
posal will stipulat- expressly that any
untoward act toward Americans will
be regarded as an infraction of the
The South American envoys were In
session throughout the day. They sus
pended their night session, however,
desiring a respite from 'their almost
continuous meetings during the last
three days and nights.
Up to the time of their adjournment
they had progressed steadily on their
plans and foresaw a definite statement
within the next few days of their con
Word of General Carranza's accept
ance of the tender of good offices look
ing toward mediation came late in the
day in a telegram to the three South
American envoys, who informed Secre
Envoys Broaden Scope.
It had generally been supposed that
the intermediaries would confine their
efforts to a settlement of the differ
ences arising between the United
States and the Huerta government as
a result of the arrest of American ma
rines at Tamplco and the seizure of
Vera Cruz. But it developed that while
they prepared to concentrate their at
tention on avoiding hostilities between
General Huerta and the United States,
the envoys were endeavoring to in
elude In the scope of their mediation
the constitutionalists, so that all ele
ments might be brought into harmony
for a pacific settlement.
In this connection it was recalled
that the American Government's reply
to the tender of good offices made this
"This Government hopes most earn
estly that you may find those who
speak .for the several elements of the
Mexican people willing and ready to
discuss terms of satisfactory and, there
fore, permanent settlement."
President Wilson and Secretary
Bryan were pleased at the entry of
General Carranza and the constitution
alista in the peace plans, their hopes of
a broad and satisfactory adjustment of
the present crisis being raised to a
degree of confidence which they have
not hitherto fel
Acgrcuive Acta to Cease.
The American Government had not
yet made formal reply tonight to the
first proposal of the intermediaries
for an armistice, but it is understood
one will be made within the, next 21
hours. The United States had no ob
jection to the request for an armistice,
for, while the term usually Implies a
suspension of hostilities during a state
of war which the United States does
not recognize as existing there had
been a decision by the Washington
Administration to permit no acts of ag
gression by the Army and Navy at
Vera Crua while the mediation was be
ing carried on. In formulating an
agreement to suspend hostilities the
(Concluded on Page 2.)
HTJGH HOG AX, FOUNDED ET SKA,
IS XjEAKIXG BADLT.
Two Women Rescued by JMfesavers
After Passing Night on Boat
Wrecked on -. Spit.
FLORENCE, Or., April 29. (Special.)
With a crew of seven men refusing
to leave until the last chance of saving
the vessel is gone, the sailing schooner
Hugh Hogan, which went ashore on the
south spit near Florence yesterday, lay
in the breakers tonight while the life
saving crew stood by unable to reach
her. She is pounding heavily in the
sea and straining badly and leaking.
Little progress was made during the
day in Jettisoning the deck load on
account of the rough sea which at
high tide continually broke over the
ship. Fears are entertained she is
taking on sand through the opening of
seams and will setlte too deep to be
removed. The loss of cargo and dam
age to the vessel is estimated at $40,000.
The wives of Captain Hill and Sec
ond Slate Simons were taken from the
vessel this morning by the Umpqua
llfesavlng crew of Florence. The
women refused to leave the ship during
the night, when the fury of the break
ers made attempts of the lifesavers to
reach the boat almost impossible.
The Taquina llfesavlng crew of New
port reached the scene late last night,
but was forced .to lay outside over
night. Anchors and lines were taken
out by the crew this afternoon and
an attempt made to pull the Hugh
Hogan off at high water, but all efforts
were unsuccessful on account of the
wind and heavy sea.
The Hugh Hogan, carrying 350.000
feet of lumber, bound for San Fran
cisco, was being towed to sea from
Florence when the tug lost her while
crossing the bar. Fears were enter
tained last night that all the nine per
sons on board might have perished.
ILLINOIS DECISION IS CITED
Favorable Industrial Court Ruling
Held Applicable to Oregon.
SALEM, Or., April 29, (Special.)
Secretary Hinsdale, of the State Indus
trial Accident Commission, said to
day that the compensation act of Ore
gon is similar in many respects to that
of Illinois, which has Just been de
clared constitutional by the Supreme
Court of that state.
"The plaintiff in the test suit in that
state," said Mr. Hinsdale, "alleged that
it was unconstitutional to change the
theories of contrlbutary negligence, as
sumption of inks and fellow-servant,
theories which have long done service
to employers in their effort to escape
costs because of the death and Injury
to employes. The court held that the
Legislature had the right not only to
odlfy such rules, but it could abol
ish them entirely.
RATE INCREASE OPPOSED
Shippers- Contend Railroads Ought
to Grant Reduction.
WASHINGTON, April 29. Vigorous
objections were used by shippers before
the Interstate Commerce Commission
today to the proposed D per cent In
crease in freight rates by Eastern
railroads. Generally it was main
tained by counsel that the roads
through, modern methods of handling
and transporting freight, were able to
perform the service more cheaply than
formerly and that instead of increas
ing rates, they ought to make a reduc
tion. Ituch C. Butler, of Chicago, repre
senting lake-and-rail shippers, asserted
that constant increase of lake-and-
rail rates gradually - but surely was
driving traffic from the natural water
routes of the Great. Lakes - to all-rail
DEPOT MOVES AT NIGHT
Ma pie wood Objects to location
Picked by Company.
SALEM, Or., April 29. (Special.)
Three hundred residents of Maplewood,
Multnomah County, in a complaint to
the State Railroad Commission today
charge that the Oregon Electric, in
straightening a crook in its track, gave
the town a "crooked deal.
They say that one Sunday morning,
not long ago, just after the milkman
had made his rounds, they awakened
to find their station moved 1000 feet
south from its original and proper lo
cation. The new station, is is al
leged. Is inaccessible, is surrounded by
private property, is too far away from
the town, and, in fact, has not a single
redeeming feature. Stumps, ocks and
clods, according to the complaint, are
the landmarks of the environment.
PERFECT SPELLERS GROW
Supervisory District No. 1 'Boasts of
84 Pupils Instead of 18.
COTTAGE GROVE. Or.. April 29.
(Special.) Nearly five times as many
perfect spellers in April as In Decern
ber is the boast of Supervisory Dis
trict No. 1. The grades for the coun
ty spelling contest in December showed
that the perfect spellers in the district
numbered 18, while the count for the
final contest, recently held, shows that
81 pupils received perfect grades.
Of the 84 who spelled perfectly In
the last contest 7 have perfect scores
for each of the contests. They are
Wendell Cochran, Vergie Jones, Edith
Hickey. Ada Adams, Rita Ridings, Hil-
oretn JNoita and Marie Itldings.
JAPANESE CRUISERS COMING
Naval . Training . Vessels Wrlll Pay
Visit to Portland.
. SEATTLE, Wash., April 29. The Jap
anese training cruisers Asama and
Azuma. now at Honolulu, will arrive
in Seattle June 28 and remain until
The ships will visit San Francisco,
Tacoma, . Portland and Vancouver. B.
REBELS TO CEASE
Official Pledge Made
FULL PROTECTION PROMISED
British Mining Company Told
- It Can Work Property-
MUCH CONFIDENCE FELT
Constitutional Forces Talk, of Taking
of Capital and Regard Ulti
mate Triumph of Their
Cause as Certain.
CHIHUAHUA. Mexico, April 29. No
property belonging to foreigners In ter
ritory held. Dy the constitutionalists will
be confiscated in the future, accord
ing to a statement issued today by the
Carranza ' administration. The state
ment also declared none had been con
fiscated in the past, with the exception
of that belonging to Spaniards.
It was pointed out that this always
has been the policy of the constitution
alists and that in the few cases where
seizures had been made under a mis
apprehension restitution had been
Protection la Promised.
The statement was made in connec
tion with an Investigation by General
Carranza into representations received
from George C. Carothers, special rep
resentative of the United States De
partment of State at El Paso, regard
ing the Avlno Mining Company, owned
by British capitalists and. situated In
the State of Durango. The constitu
tionalist Governor of Durango advised
General Carranza that there was no
foundation for the rumor that the
Avlno property had been confiscated
and that every protection had been
given the company to allow it to con
Complaints concerning the seizure of
foreign, property have received prompt
attention and it was said today that
in each case investigated it had been
shown seizure bad. been made before
it had been ascertained that the prop
erty belonged to foreigners.
Capture of Capital Desired.
Recent constitutionalist successes,
notably - the capture of Monterey and
the further defeats said to have been
inflicted on the retreating federals in
engagements between Monterey and
Saltillo by the rebel forces, have in
duced a widespread feeling among the
heads of the constitutionalist army that
Mexico City soon will be in their hands.
It is asserted by them that the re
establishment of the embargo on arms
(Concluded on Page 2.)
INDEX OF TODAYS NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature 08.6
degrees; minimum. 39.5 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; northwesterly winds.
Rebels promise to cease confiscation of
property. Pass 1.
Two attacks by Americans reported In Mex
ico, but disbelieved by officials. Page 1.
Home rule compromise seems nearer than
ever. Page 3.
Administration forces win tolls fight In Sen
ate commute. Page 5.
Hobson explains why battleship Oregon Is
outdated. Page 7.
Federal report says lumbermen's "combines"
violate anti-trust law. Page 1.
Brush with Mexico has nhown preparedness
of American Navy. Page 2.
Nine more killed In Colorado strike battles.
Page 1. -
California Railway - Commission arraigns
Pullman sleeping car practices. Fag i.
Vincent Astor and Helen-Huntington to be
married today. Page 6.
Militia charge strikers near Walsenburg.
Colo.; surgeon Is killed. Page 2.
Coast league results: Portland 4. San Fran
cisco 3; Oakland 8, Sacramento 1; Venice
; 9. Los Angeles 6. Page 8.
Northwestern League results: Portland .
Tacoma 1: Spokane 5. Seattle O; Van
couver 1 .Tacoma o. Page 8.
Western Trl-State League results: Walla
Walla 7, Baker 3; Pendleton 3. North
Yakima 1. Page 8.
University of Oregon sends three track stars
to Berkeley meet. Page 9.
Pernoll. who helped Seals defeat Beavers.
learned game under McCreaio. Page 9.
Well attended meeting of Sunday school
workers ends at Albany. Page 6.
Life-savers rescue two women, but crew re
fuses to leave Ill-fated schooner Hugh
Hogan. Pago 1.
Commercial and Marine.
Mohair mills buy supplies In South Aisterlca.
Wheat lower at Chicago on prediction of
favorable Government report. Page XI.
Advance In stock market checked by selling.
Port Commission ' trying to stop practice of
littering up river bed. Page 18.
Portland and Vicinity.
A. E. Clark advises . joint protectorate In
Mexico to Ad Club. Page -O.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 21.
Grocers may . fight closing ordinance.
Page 13. '
Minimum wage case will be appealed to Su
preme Court of United States. Page ZZ.
Thousand buyers gather at Alblna'a pub
lic market opening. Page 20.
Three unrecognizable bodies found In debris
of Tuesday night's fire. Page 2".
C. A. Johns announces opposition to bond
issues. Page 13. -
SECOND DECISION IS GIVEN
State Supreme Court Upholds Mini
mum Wage l aw.
SALEM, Or., April 29. (Special.)
The Supreme Court today for the sec
ond time held tnat the minimum wage
law is constitutional. This, opinion.
written by Chief Justice McBrlde, was
in the case of Elmira Simpson against
Edwin O'Hara, Bertha Moores and Am-
edee Smith, members of the commis
sion, and affirms the decree of the
Multnomah Circuit Court.
Notwithstanding the decision favor
able to the measure in the case of
Stettler against the commission, the
plaintiff was not satisfied, evidently
desiring to get a more comprehensive
ruling as to the act being an alleged
violation of the Fourteenth Amend
ment to the Federal Constitution,
which provides that the privileges and
immunities of citizens may not be
abridged by the states.
MANY A FAMILY PHAETON IS JUST A LITTLE BIT LATE.
TARGET OF REPORT
Agreements for Boost
ing Prices Found.
LOBBYING INFLUENCE EYIDENT
Exemption From Trust Law
Opposed by Commissioner.
NEW WAYS "oN' -3 FU G ES'
At tempts to Curtail Ontput Alleged.
Intrigues to Aid Industry Dur
Ins Tariff Preparation Also
WASHINGTON.- April 29. Lumber
manufacturers- associations through
combination and agreement have In
creased the' price of lumber and en
deavored through lobbying to Influ
ence legislation, according to a partial
report on the lumber industry made
public today by the Commissioner of
Corporations. The report opposes any
effort to exempt lumber associations
from the operation of the Sherman
This partial report Is part four of
the findings in a complete investiga
tion of the lumber Industry, and deals
only with combinations to restrict
trade or raise lumber prices.
Price Agreements Found.
After reciting that price agreements
among lumber manufacturers exist in
practically every region of lumber pro
duction, it sums up the findings as fol
lows: "While some of the avowed purposes
of the lumber associations are to foster
practices that are beneficial to both
producer and consumer, the chief pur
pose apparently has been to advance
"Wholesale prices of lumber have
been raised by associated activities of
Output Curtailment Alleged.
"In the earlier years many of the
associations openly attempted to cur
tall the output and to fix the whole
sale price. Later, because of fear of
the law. they disavowed such purpose,
but the practices they professed to
abandon were by subterfuges continued
through the same groups of man.
"The National Lumbermen's Associ
ation has been active in its effort to
shape legislation. In 1909 it maintained
an aggressive lobby in Washington to
defeat a reduction of the tariff on lum
ber." Lumber prices, according to the re
port, had advanced from 80 to 200 per
cent between 1897 and 1907.
"During this period and since." said
(Concluded on Page 7)
IS MEXICO REPORT
LANDING OF MARINES AT SA
I.IXA CRUZ DISCREDITED.
Naval Authorities Say There Is No
War Vessel at Manzanillo and
Other Story Disbelieved.
MEXICO CITr. April 29. The port of
Manzanillo, on the Pacific Coast, was
bombarded yesterday oy an American
warship, according to a telegram re
ceived here today by General Aurellano
Blanquet, Mexican Minister of War,
from General Jose Maria Mler.
According to General Mler's message
the warship entered Manzanillo harbor
at 4 P. M.. April 2S. At 4:30 the teleg
raphers left their posts, carrying their
instruments with them, and at 5 o'clock
the bombardment was begun.
The telegram says the wharves and
adjoining buildings were destroyed.
MEXICO CITT. April 23. A dis
patch from Oaxaca says American ma
rines landed at Salina Crus today
after the American commander had
threatened to open fire on the port in
case the Mexican officials offered re
sistance. SAN FRANCISCO. April 29. The
South Dakota, the first of the big
cruisers to go south, reached Mazatlan,
much farther up the coast, only today.
The gunboat Annapolis Is the only war
vessel reported at Salina Cruz, and she
carries no marines.
"There is not a warship at Man
zanillo," Captain Frank M. Bennett.
commanding the Mare Island Navy
Yard, said tonight, when told of the
reported bombardment there. "There
could have been no bombardment. I
do not think there Is anything to the
report that marines were landed at Sa
WASHINGTON. April 29. Secretary
Daniels said tonight he did not believe
the Mexico City report that Manzan
illo had been bombarded by an Amcr
lean warship or that marines had been
landed at Salina Cruz. He said he was
in constant communication with Rear-
Admiral - Howard, whose last report
was that all was quiet on the Pacific
MAN MEMBER 50 YEARS
Oddfellows of Albany Lodge Give
Jewel to II. II. Rutherford.
ALBANY, Or.. April 29. (Special.)
A jewel typifying continuous member
ship In the Independent Order of Odd
fellows for ' half a century was pre
sented tonight to R. II Rutherford, now
a resident of Salem, but a member of
the Albany lodge of the order. Mr.
Rutherford is one of the oldest Odd
fellows in the state in point of service.
He Joined the order February 20. 1863.
Jewels typifying 40 years" member
ship were presented to Dr. J. L. Hill
and Conrad Meyer, both of Albany,
and emblems indicative of 35 years'
membership by J. D. Stedman, of Al
bany, and W. H. Warner, of Newberg.
Those receiving Jewels for 30 years'
continuous membership were B. F.
Kirk, of Albany; W. fi. Baker, of Al
bany; Frank Tharp, of Albany; F. G.
Burkhart. of Harrisburg; J. M. Cor
nelius. of Albany: W. E. Gillette, of
Dexter, Or.; P. C. Andersen, of Al
bany, and J. D. Burkhart, of Albany.
G. W. Wright, of Albany, and E. C
Steelmacher, of Wells, received veter
ans' Jewels for 25 years' membership.
BRIDE-TO-BE TRAVELS FAR
Trip of 2000 Miles Taken Alone to
Meet Man of Choice.
A journey by Miss Knna Louise
Seaton from her home in Peoria, 111.,
ended yesterday at the marriage altar,
when she was married to L. Eugene
Robinson, professor of architecture at
tho Oregon Agricultural College. The
marriage ceremony was performed by
Dr. John JL Boyd, of the First Pres
bytcrlan Church. After a short honey
moon trip, the couple will return to
Corvallis to make their home.
Professor Robinson is a University
of Pennsylvania man. His home is at
Bloomlngton. III., at which place he
met bis wife during their college days.
The marriage yesterday' was the result
of that romance begun half a dozen
Miss Seaton made the trip across the
country alone, but was attended at the
wedding by friends from her home
WOMEN GRILL CANDIDATES
Research Club Plans Examination
of Hood River Office-Seekers.
HOOD RIVER, Or.. April 29 (Spe
cial.) Local candidates will be grilled
and an investigation as to their abil
itles or deficiencies will be made Frl
day afternoon by the members of the
West Side Woman's Political Research
The organization has a strong influ
ence among the women voters of the
county, 808 of whom have registered
to date, and candidates are making ev
ery effort to Incur the commendation
of Woman's Research Club.
JUNIORS OUTWIT SENIORS
"Flank Day" Picnic of Agricultural
College Students Is Success.
OREGON AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE,
Corvallis, April 29 (Special.) Yester
day was "Junior Flunk day." This an
nual picnic on the part of the juniors,
and attendant "rough-house" with the
seniors, was marked by more than
usual excitement, and the juniors finally
succeeded In holding their ptcnio un
molested by the seniors.
Attempts on the part of the members
of the 1914 class to frustrate the plans
of the juniors led to a good-natured
tussle which lasted from Sunday night
until 8 o'clock Monday morning.
NINE MORE KILLED
If! COLORADO FIGHT
Forbes Camp Virtually
Destroyed by Fire.
SURGEON IS SLAIN ON FIELO
Militia Doctor Shot While At
tending Wounded Man. .
GUARDSMEN CHANGE BASE
Men Relieved by Regulars Hasten
to Districts More Beet Un
certainty Adds to Tension
DENVER. April 29. -Colorado's seven
months' industrial wsr claimed today
a toll of at least nine. lives. This was
the verified record at 6 o'clock tonight,
divide as follows:
At Forbes, seven mino 'guards and
one striker dead, with two other strik
ere believed to have been killed.
At Walaenburg one officer of the
militia hospital corps killed, one officer
and two enlisted men wounded.
The Forbes camp was a scene of
desolation, virtually all the mine build
ings having been destroyed by fire.
Guard. Reply With Spirit.
Here it was the work of only a few"
fleeting hours. It was about C:30 A. M.
that the strikers opened their attack in
force. With the women and children
of the camp barricaded in the mine
stope. the guards, under the personal
direction of Superintendent Nichol. re
sponded spiritedly. About 10 o'clock;
the firing ceased and the camp's assail
ants disappeared as mysteriously as
they came, some toward Trinidad and
others over the hills in the direction of
Berwind and Tabasco.
According to Superintendent Nichol.
three strikers were seen to tumble
down the" hillside.
. Major Shot Aldlns; Comrade.
Fighting that practically encircled
the town continued for five hours.
Major Lester, of the hospital corps, met
his death, shot through the left breast,
while dressing the wounds of a com
rade within 150 yards of the strikers
position. Firing ceased shortly after 3
With two troops of United States
cavalry in the Freeraont County fields,
and citizen volunteers and militia on
guard In Boulder County, state offi
cials gave their attention tonight to
preparing for sudden outbreaks in
Las Animas and Huerfano counties,
where Federal troops were not expect
ed to arrive before tomorrow.
Uncertainty Strongly Kelt.
The militia detachment, relieved by
Federal soldiers in Fremont County,
was hastening to Colonel Verdeckburg"s
assistance at Walsenburg.
"Where and what will be the nest,
outbreak?" was the question oftenJ
asked today on the streets of Denver
when citizens stopped to converse, and
never answered. There was apparent
a feeling of uncertainty and intense
anxiety over what tho night's develop
ments might be.
The strain of the last ten days was
noticeable in the voice and manner of
Governor Amnions as he sat in his of
fice today receiving reports of the con
flicts and conferring with his advisers.
Members of the Legislature continued
to reach the capital for informal con
ferences preparatory to the convening
ot the special session on May 4. but as
yet no tangible programme has been
GENERAL STKIKE THREATENED
Mine workers Announce Plan If Fed
eral Probe Is Not Ordered.
PITTSBURGH. Kan.. April 29. Un
less President Wilson takes Immediate
steps to investigate the strike situa
tion In the Trinidad. Colo., strike dis
trict, the district convention of the
United Mlneworkers of America, in
session here, will ask that a general
strike of mlneworkers throughout the
country be called.
This statement was contained in res
olutions adopted by the convention to
day, with instructions that they be tel
egraphed to Washington. The reso
lution also states the convention would,
in the event of the President's refusal,
ask John P. White, as president of the
United Mlneworkers of America, to
use his influence to have a general
strike of all bodies' affiliated with the
American Federation of Labor called.
MEN "AFRAID TO STOP FIRING"
Mlneworkers Secretary Tries to
Get Strikers to Lay Down A-i!ls."
DENVER, April 29. When the news
dispatches of the Forbes battle were
shown here, Jchn R. Lawson, of the
United Mlneworkers of America, said:
"I am trying to get our people to lay
down their arms. The men in the hills
are in a peculiar position. They are
afraid to stop firing, thinking the mi
litia may pull off another Ludlow.
"I have sent couriers into the hills
around Walsenburg and Forbes urging
the strikers to cease hostilities and to
be careful to not fire on the United