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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 29, 1905)
XJBLB BIOItxMAW OKEGOMAN,. TUESDAY, AUGUST 29, 190o.
iMen Whose Work It Is to
. Awaken Minds of the
TOPICS OF CONSIDERATION
W. T. Harris, LL-. D., United States
Commissioner of Education, Ad
dresses the Conference on '
' Lines of Civilization.
EDUCATIONAL CONGRESS TODAY.
Auditorium, Lewis and Clark Fair,
entrance to Congress at Twenty-flfth-streot
gate. Session begins at 9 A. M.
Presiding. E. V. Llttleflold.
General topic, "Elementary and Sec
ondary Education, Including the Kin
dergarten." jAddross. "The Problems of Classifi
cation," Frank RIgler, Superintendent
or School?, Portland.
Djsousslon led by A. B. "Warner, Su
perintendent of Schools of Spokane.
Address, "Education In a Democ
rat," F. Louis Solden, City Superin
tendent of Schools, St. Louis.
Address, "The Relation of the Pa
cific Coast to Education in the Ori
ent," Benjamin Ide "Wheeler, presi
dent of the University of California.
'Men and women whose master minds
are devoted to the intellectual uplifting
of humanity and educational advancement
of the American nation, are guests of
Portland this "week. Yesterday forenoon
the auditorium at the Lewis and Clark
Exposition was occupied for three hours
by an audience of a high order of intelli
gence and culture, that was manifest In
many ways, to listen to the addresses
comprised in the programme for the first
day of the Educational Congress. Prob
lems of the American school, from thoso
presented In the remote rural district to
the institutions of higher education with
onormous endowments, are included in
the scope of the brightest mentalities of
the prosent day directing and executing
the .details of a system of free education
that Is not surpassed In any country on
Point Need of Efficiency.
Statistics presented by various speakers
might have been taken as criticism, but I
it w,as only pointing out the need for j
even more efficient and better organized
labor that the history of the future may
tell more eloquently of the intellectuality j
of the populace of the United States, for j
by comparison with England or Germany,
the percentage of illiteracy In this Coun
try seems appalling. Among speakers of
thellrst session were no less distinguished
students of school question than the Com
missioner of Education of the United
States, and Commissioner of Education of
New York, both of whom have attained
more than national fame as among the
foremost thinkers and writers on educa
There were fully 800 persons present in
the auditorium when Dr. J. R. Wilson, of
the Portland Academy, opened the session
with a brief address. In which he felici
tated Portland and Oregon upon the
presence of the eminent visitors. He de
clared that the people of Oregon owe
a debt of gratitude to State Superintend
ent of Public Instruction J. H. Ackerman
for getting a bill through the Legislature
that authorized the use of a portion of
the institute fund to defray expense? of
the congress. In this connection, he com
plimented A. L. Mills upon the service
rendered the cause of education by his
Influence in the matter as Speaker of the
House, -and thereupon introduced Mr.
Mills, who, as one of the vice-presidents
of the Exposition, had been delegated to
represent President Goode.
Welcomes the Visitors.
Mr. Mills warmly welcomed the visitors
to the Exposition, to Portland and to Ore
gon. He presented some school and
financial statistics, and declared that one
of the greatest of recent educational cam
paigns was in the eradication from the
public mind of wrong understanding of
W. N. Ferrln. president of Pacific Uni
versity, was then Introduced as presiding
officer of the day, and delivered a brief
speeoh touching upon the hope to accom
plish through co-operation Improvement
In educational work generally, and be
speaking at all times the united effort of
those whose life occupation Is that of
TV. T. Harris, LL. D.. United States
Commissioner of Education, was present--ed
as -the foremost writer and thinker of
the present time on matters of education,
and delivered an address that received
the closest attention of his auditors.
Address by Dr. Harris.
Dr. Harris said in part:
""Work of education Is the direct work
of helping Americans to help themselves.
"Symbols of the highest civilization are
the railroads, the newspapers and the
"Fifty years ago enterprising people of
Missouri conceived the idea of a rail
road from the Mississippi to the Pacific
Coast, which may be likened to the am
bitions for acquisition of new country
and new wealth that imbued Columbus
and navigators of the fifteenth century
in seeking a passage to India, then the
ideal land of wealth. In La Fayette -Park,'
St. Louie, upon completion of the Pacific
railroad, Thomas H. Benton said:
" 'There Is the West; there is India,
pointing to the Pacific
Richer Than India.
"Little was it thought then that this
coast would be richer than India has
ever been and that Its commerce would
exceed the commerce of Europe with In.
dia. Fifty years before Benton's addres-3
Lewis and Clark had made world history
by the explorations of Oregon, which we
celebrate this Summer. The Educational
Congress Is most happily conceived be
cause it celebrates one of the permanent
aspirations that had its origin In the
heart-hunger that lead people of Europe
out in search of the land of the golden
king, a search which finally led not to
kingdom but to democratic republics and
to pelf-governments of America.
""Man escapes from the too great pres
sure of tradition and too servile obedience
to the past by Immigrating to the border
land of opportunity, where he can do
for himself. If his Ideals are wise ones
and he has skill he should reap a nice
reward: if his ideals are unwise or his
practical skill very small he will reap
Doverty and all manner of misfortune.
But in both cases his life will be a reve
lation of himself as an individual, and
not a mere slavish execution of time
worn usage? and modes of doing.
"The field of .opportunity- JEidi. ua ta
free ourselves from the weight of the
past. But that servitude of the past
is only one kind of slavery. Present
needs and necessities furnish anothor
kind of slavery and the past helps free
us from the thraldom of the present, and
this is the lesson of our congress. .Edu
cation helps man to understand the past
and to bring it to aid of the .present.
All its discoveries, all its bitter experi
ences, all its great successes go to the
aid of man through education.
"Man's self-activity becomes fortunate
if he can profit by the observations and
thoughts and intentions of his fellowmen.
Great as he may be in ambition and in
the raw material of an individual career,
he will not succeed except insofar as it
reinforces his Individual might by the
aggregate might of civilization except
he reinforces the present by the past.
"Education has been and is the chosen
instrument of success, for it can in the
deftest manner give the new individual
the knowledge of the progress of mankind
in the conquest of nature by science and
art, the method of organizing people Into
free institutions by which they mutually
reinforce one another.
"Education changes the past from a
tyrant to a friendly auxiliary from an
oppressive burden of blind customs to an
illuminating theory which all may see,
each for himself
"Education gives man freedom because
it gives him insight the ability to see
and understand for himself both the past
and the present, and he can use them to
"Let us look far in the light of this
movement of civilization towards the
borderlands, and in the presence of this
great Exposition of resources and pro
ductions at the work before this con
gress which is laid out In the programme
of the five days coming.
"The pupils and the work in the dif
ferent grades are shown in the several
exhibits of the Exposition. The special
interests of the schools today center in
such problems as the substitution of the
well-graded schoql for the rural, un
graded, which exists In the sparsely set
tled districts. It is in process of being
supplanted by the graded schools: thug
the new device of transportation to the
central school of the village.- The make
shift teacher Is being replaced by the
professionally trained teacher, the grad.
uate of the normal school."
Andrew S. Draper, LL. D., New York
State Commissioner of Education, was
next introduced and delivered a most In
structive and interesting address on "Un
settled Questions in the Organization and
Administration of the Schools." The ad
dress was replete with epigrams and per
tinent points that were appreciated by
the congregated educators,- and presented
food for reflection on many phases of
ochool work. Some of these expressions
are reproduced In another column.
The lecture on "Adult Education and
the Extension of the Schoolhouse." to be
given by Dr. Henry Lelpziger. supervisor
of lectures in New York, will be illus
trated with about 75 stereoptlcon views,
designed to give an idea of .schoolhouse
activities In the City of New York. The
lecture is to begin at S In the evening
and is to be followed by an Informal reception.
Free moving picture exhibitions. Ne
braska Pavilion, Agricultural Palace.
EXCERPTS FROM ADDRESS OF ANDREW S. DRAPER,
LL. D., AT EDUCATIONAL CONFERENCE
There are certain fundamentals of the American educational system which.
It may well be said, are settled. They are settled by common thinking and
universal acceptance; by legislative sanction and Judicial determination. They
are looked upon as the necessary basis of our political system; as the e sen
Hal support, guardian and guide of & democratic tons ef government.
From the standpoint of school administration every American child is bred
in the. purple. He is to have everything, that the richest child in the world
can have in the way of Instruction if he will take It, and all of the fixed in
fluences, direct and indirect, censure him if he neglects to take it. Every boy
must inter from all he hears that he will be discredited unless 'he fellows an
exclusively intellectual pursuit, and every slrl must "believe that ner happiness
depends upon her becoming literary and .knowing about art and the opera, and
wearing silks and directing servants when the stlks are often elusive and always
Illusory and the servants are more eluMve and illusory still.
We have a continuous and pretty well articulated school system, from the
kindergarten to the university. Teachers and children are continually enjolaed
to be thinking of the next school above. A teacher -whose pupils do net pass
Is discredited. A child who dees net Pass is In peril of being eternally tost.
This may not be really so dreadful to the Individual teacher and the individual
chltd, though each thinks it Is.
It Is not a matter of the value of the higher learning to the world at large;
It Is a matter of the power and purpose of each individual to make It ef mast
use to . himself. The unambitious or the Incapable rich, who are not in danger
of doing much anyway, may very well go to college. If they can be kept from
ruining the colleges while there. The rich who have work and sand in them
will ordinarily soize upon college training while they enlarge the substance and
illustrate the point and power of It. The poor must balance values; they will
coolly calculate the worth of It to any plans which they may have, or they
will leave It to chance and take whatever the consequences mar be.
It is not true that good citizenship is gauged by the depth of culturing study
or familiarity with philosophical theory. It rests upon the balanced sense
which is the Joint product of decent breeding, ef familiarity with men and
things, and of the labor which shows in things accomplished, either manual or
intellectual, and in sweat upon the brow. The man who mends your shoes or
makes your clothes Is likely to average Just a safe and potential & citizen as
the one who tries to train your refractory -stomach, the one who fills you up
with economic theory, or the one who supplies theological dednctlons to your
If I Interpret the situation correctly, the common1 sentiment of the country fully
sympathizes with the old-line literary colleges. It feels that there Is a place for
them, and wishes thorn well. It has abundantly demonstrated Its decisive support
of unlvemlty training in il4 of the Industrie. But it demands that the elementary
tralnlng shall lead more decisively to the Industries and to buslnem, whether pcplls
are going to the advanced schools or are going to work; and that the work of the
lower schools shall be oafficlently concentrated and made sufficiently exact to cup
port the expectation that pupils nhall be able to read Intelligently; write legibly,
terform mathematical processes readily and correctly, and entertain oerieus notions
of real work whon they leave the schools.
The railroads are great educator. They educate us in much that Is good, and
also In much that is bad. They train us in promptness and in evasiveness. The
laws concerning them are not yet very well settled. They oierve no moral re
straints not fixed by law, and they are past masters in the art of changing and
evading the laws which they dislike.
The Nation la Just beginning to realize that the fundamental political principle
which holds all men and women equal before the law, with the now well-developed
National policy which provides free Instruction to the very limits of human knowl
edge to all who willy come and take it, involve an cxpenrc of unexpected magnitude
and present questions of unprecedented difficulty In organization and administration.
But there will be no turning back. More cheerfully than the people met any other
tax, more cheerfully than any other people ever met any tax not vital to the Na
tional defense and the saving of lite, the Americas people supply and will supply
the funds for universal and liberal education.
MRS. H. H. DE PEW.
MEN OF NATIONAL NOTE ARE ATTENDING THE
i. , I
PROMINENT SOCIETY WOMEN WHO ARE MAKING SEATTLE WEEK AT THE EXPOSITION NOTABLE
MISS CLAXA XJSWV6.
fH ' r
Features of Great Carnival
Which Will Be Given at
BETROTHAL OF COLUMBIA
Parades and Masquerades, a Ball In
the Auditorium and the "Storm
ing of the 3Ioon" Are In
cluded in Programme.
Admissions to' the Fair yesterday
were reported to be 1S.S14.
The Lewis and Clark Exposition la to
be the- scene oiVbrllllant festivities early
in September. These festivities will con
tinue for three days and will be known
as the "Festivities of King Nogero L"
Full announcement of the plans for tho
carnival were made yesterday from Ex
position headquarters. Exhibitors at the
Manufactures building are the promoters
of the afTalr, but the Exposition is lend
ing Its hearty co-operation and financial
King Nogero is to be the presiding
monarch of the festival. He is to be
a fun-loving Individual who will Insist
upon his subjects sharing in his fun. He
Is to be selected ty a committee from a
list of names submitted by the public.
He is to be betrothed to "Columbia,"
who is to-be selected In the same manner.
One hundred maids of honor are to be se
lected by voting contents In various cities
of the Northwest. Many cash prizes are
to be awarded at mask balls and parades,
to which all will be welcomed.
September 7 marks the opening of the
festival. The evening will see the arrival
of Columbia and her maids of honor. They
will appear In a cortege of royal barges
and will walk up the grand staircase to
the music of the Royal Minuet. The
party will then proceed to tho Trail,
where a mask carnival will take place
and prizes will be awarded In the mask
competition. On the second evening the
MRS. EDMUND BOWDEN, HOSTESS.
LEWIS AND CLARK EDUCATIONAL CONGRESS
betrothal of Nogero and Columbia will
take place on the Grand Terrace. The
betrothal will be followed by group
mask competition, a confetti battle, and
the "Storming of the Moon," a raro Are.
Tht; third evening will be the crowning
night of the festival, especially as it will
mark the coronation ceremonies and the
awarding and presentation of prizes. Tho
evening will conclude with a dress ball
at the Auditorium, which will be an In
In the parades and masquerades prizes
totalling more than 11200 arc to be given
away. The prize for the best float will
be 52J0. The second prize will be $150.
with a third prize of $75 and a fourth
of 126. In the mask competition the
first prize for groups will be HoO, the sec
ond will be 51G0. the third $75. the fourth
$50 and the fifth $25. In the Individual
competition the first prize will be $25.
the' second $15 and the third $10. These
.prizes will be awarded for the best comic
makeup, the best historic character, tho
flnost costume, the best character, the
most novel and original character, the
ugliest and the bost national character.
For couples there will be four prizes of
550, $3. $15 and $10. Awards will be made
for the most novel couple, the handsomest
and for the most comical of appearance.
Other -prize offers are to be added to the
HIGH PRAISE FOR FAIR
MINISTER JOHN BARRETT IS
Great Benefits Which Will Result to
Portland From tho Exposition
John Barrett, United States Minister
to Colombia, who has been, visiting Port
land for the past three weeks, departed
last night for "Washington via Seattle
and will proceed East over the Northern
route. Ho expects to sail for Bogota In
about two weeks to take up his new work
there. Last evening he expressed appre
ciation for tho courtesies extended to
him while in Oregon, and paid a glowing
tribute to the .Lewis and Clark Expos!
tlon- Mr. Barrett said: "Without com
plimenting, but simply making a state
ment of fact, I can say, after having seen
nearly all the great expositions of recent
years both at home and abroad, that
none have been more complete and sue
cessful within their limitations than this
one. Not only is this my Judgment but
it is the opinion of nearly all men and
women of unbiased mind with whom I
have talked. "We can be justly proud of
the Impression we have made upon peo
ple from the East and Central "West who
have come to Portland to see the ex
"It marks the graduation of Portland
from a city or town of swaddling clothes,
MRS. VT. B. JUDAH.
as It were. Into the habllaments and
characteristics of a cosmopolitan metrop
olis. Formerly to name Portland without
giving the state, meant Portland, Me.;
now everybody understands Portland to
be Portland. Or. It has been my experi
ence to visit most happily, the county
exhibits of Oregon In the agricultural
section and also to go carefully through
the corresponding displays in their re
spective buildings, of California, "Wash
ington, Idaho and Utah, and I must say
that It has been like a liberal education
to me on the resources of the Northwest.
If the exhibition had been larger It would
have been too large. It Is Ju3t the right
size, so that everybody can get over it
and see everything that is worth seeing.
"The Forestry building will be a monu
ment If left standing, that will attract
people from all over the country. There
Is nothing to compare with It In all the
world. Nearly all persons with whom I
have spoken also say that tho city should
take advantage of this opportunity to
make a permanent park out of the site
of the Exposition, particularly to Include
Guild's Lake and the Island on which the
Government building now stands.
"Grent credit is due to President Goode
and his directors, as well as to the mem
bers of the state commission for the sue
cess of tho Exposition, and It will al
ways be a source of pride to the people
of Portland that It has been carried
through so well and received such general
approval from all over the country."
Dr. Gladden Will Not Come.
Another preacher has added hl3 name
to the list of those who refuse to speak
at the Exposition Auditorium on Sunday
because of an open Trail. Bev. "Washing
ton Gladden. D. D., has not only re
sclnded his acceptance to conduct Sun
day services at the Exposition, but he
will probably not attend the Fair.
Dr. Gladden was to have spoken next
Sunday. No word having been heard
from him by the Exposition a query. was
directed by The Oregonlan yesterday to
his home at Columbus, O. His reply re
celved last evening, stated that for rea
sons satisfactory to the Exposition com
mittee and to himself he had decided not
to Dreach at tho Exposition. As to his
reason there can be no doubt, although It
13 not stated In the message. As ono or
those who made vigorous protest against
tho acceptance of a John D. Rockefeller
donation for foreign missionary work It
was ndt believed by many that Dr.
Gladden would- appear at the Fair with
an open Trail on Sundays.
"Whether or not services will be held at
tho Auditorium next Sunday has not yet
Beaverton Orphanage Wards.
Fifty bright-faced lads from the or
phanago at Beaverton saw the Lewis and
Clark Exposition yesterday. They were
admitted to the grounds free and In
charge of two sisters were taken to all
points of Interest In the great wonder
land. That their trip would bo complete
an Exposition attache provided them
some extra spending money and the lads
spent an afternoon they will be slow In
MBS. nHX A POSTER.
BEGINS AT FA
Musical Programme Forms
the Feature of the
RECEPTION IN AFTERNOON
Ladies of Portland Are the Guests
of the Hostesses of the Puget
Sound City at the "Wash
ORDER OF THE DAY, AUGUST 29.
0 A. M. Educational Conference.
9 A. M. to 12 M. Concert. Admin
istration Band, Transportation build
10 A. M. and hourly thereafter Free
moving pictures. Nebraska Pavilion,
10:30 A. M. to 12 M. Concert. Che
raawa Indian Band, Agricultural
11 A. JL Airship flight. Aeronautic
Concourse (weather permitting).
1:30 to 2:30 P. M. Concert, Tenth
Infantry Band, Transportation build
2:00 to 5 P. M. Concert. Adminis
tration Band. "Washington building.
2:30 P. il. Grand conoert. Royal
Hawaiian Band, bandstand. Gray
2:30 P. 31. Organ recital. Professor
F. W. Goodrich. Forestry building.
2:30 T. M. United States Life-Saving
exhibition on lake.
3:30 to 4:30 P. M. Concert. Tenth
Infantry Band. Government Terrace.
4:30 to 8 P. M. Concert. Chemawa
Indian Band, Transportation building
6:30 P. It. Grand operatic concert
on Rustic Steps.
7:30 P. M. Grand concert. Royal
Hawaiian Band, bandstand, Gray
8 P. M. Grand electrical illumina
tion. Further information may be ob
tained from the official dally pro
gramme. Seattle has the center of the stage In
the "Washington building at the Lewis and
Clark Exposition this week. Seattle week
opened yesterday, when a large delega
tion representing the first city of the
Sound arrived in Portland and proceeded
to take possession of the Imposing state
building, one of the very flnost structures
of the entire Exposition.
There are more than 200 Seattle citizens
In attendance already, and this number
promises to be supplemented each day of
the week. There will be a special pro
gramme every afternoon.
Yesterday's programme proved a pleas
ant affair. There was no spcechmaklng,
thp. n.ftnrnoon belnir irlven over to musi
cal numbers. Several talented Seattle mu
sicians participated. The selections
played by tho Seattle String Quartet
were particularly enjoyable, and these
players were encored many times. The
quartet Is composed of "W. R. Hedley,
John L. Gibbs, E. J. Castel and Le
Grande Carter. Several fine vocal solos
were rendered by Mrs. Clara Lewyn.
From 3 to 5 o'clock a reception was held
by the hostesses of the building to tho
ladies of Portland. Several hundred In
vited guests atended this affair, which
proved a thoroughly enjoyable function.
Buffet refreshments were served. Tho
reception took place In the balcony, which
was artlstlcaly decorated. Ferns, flowers
and streamers were Intertwined with flno
effect. Entering the balcony, the words
"Seattle "Welcomes You" was done in
colors against a background of ever
green. The hostesses who gave this
pleasant reception and who will preside
at the building all the week are: Mrs.
Edmund Bowden, Mrs. Ellsha P. Ferry.
Mrs. Will E. Humphrey. Mrs. George E.
Bragdon. Mrs. Thomas Burke, Mrs. J. E.
Chllberg, Mrs. Samuel LeRoy Crawford.
Mrs. Hartnell H. DePew, Mrs. W. A. Fos
ter, Mrs. "W. B. Judah, Mrs. George Klt
tlngcr, Mrs. N. H. Latimer, Mrs. Homer
Hill. Mrs. John B. McDougall and Mrs.
A. B. Stewart.
Today will be known as Alaska and
Commercial day of Seattle week. Tho
other days are: Wednesday, School and
College day; Thursday, King County day:
Friday, Club day, and Saturday, Patriots'
day. On the final evening a grand recep
tion will be held, to which many Invita
tions are being Issued.
Ualllo Ermtnle Rives Here.
Halllo Ermlnle Rives, the noted
authoress, was among Exposition visitors
yesterday. She is spending several days
In the city before going to her homo
In Virginia where she will wrlto her book
of Western life for which she has been
seeking local color on the Pacific Coast
during tho past two or. three months.
Miss Rives says she found the Coast and
the West generally a very Interesting
study and has picked up much valuable
material for her forthcoming book, which
promises to be among her very best, If
not her masterpiece-
Perhaps Plain Old Meat. Potatoes and Bread
May Bo Against Yon for a Time.
A change o the right kind of food can
lift one from a sick bed. A lady in Wel
den. 111., says: .
"Last Spring I became bedfast with
severe stomach trouble accompanied by
sick headache. I got worse and worso
until I became so low I could scarcely
retain any food at all. although I tried
every kind, i had become completely
discouraged, had given up all hope and
thought I was doomed to starve to death,
till one day my husband, trying to find
something I could retain, brought homo
"To. my surprise, the food agreed with
me. digested perfectly and without dis
tress. I began to gain strength at once,
my flesh (which had been flabby) grew
firmer, my health Improved in every
way and every day, and In a very few
weeks I gained 20 pounds In weight. I
liked Grape-Nuts so well that for four
months I ate no other food, and always
felt as well satisfied after eating as if I
had sat down to a fine banquet.
"I had no return of the miserable sick
stomach nor of the headaches, that I
used to have when I ate other food. I am
now a well woman, doing all my own
work again, and feel that life Is worth
"Grape-Nuts food has been a god-send
to my family: It surely saved my life and
my two little boys nave thriven on it
wonderfully." Name given by Postum
Co.. Battle Creek. Mich.
There's a reason.
Get the little book, "The Road to Well
villel" in each package.