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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 28, 1905)
PORTLAND, OREGON, 3IONDAY, AUGUST 28, 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
ENVOYS AGREE ON
' II PDSTPONERAENT
Takahira Calls on Witte
Late Hour and Holds
WAIT ON WORD FROM TOKIO
Peace Negotiations Have Reached
Such a Stage That Matters Are
Referred to Japanese and
PORTSMOUTH, N. H., Aug. 27. The
life of the peace conference today wems
to hang by a thread, but the thread will
not be broken tomorrow. At 10 o'clock
tonight, after a conference lastintr three
quarters of an hour between Mr. Taka
hira and Mr. Wltte. in the latter's room
in the hotel annex, the announcement of
a postponement was made.
Mr. Wltte explained to the Associated
Press .that Mr. Takahira had told him
that no new Instructions had reached him
from Tokio. and fearing: none might be
received before the meeting scheduled for
tomorrow afternoon, he had suggested
the propriety of postponing the meeting
until Tuosday. To this. Mr. Witte said
he had readily assented. Mr. Takahira
made the following statement to the As
"Inasmuch as this conference was in
ltiated by the friendly office .of your
President, after consultation we felt that
we should be cautious about terminating
Pressed as to whether he regarded the
situation as hopeless, Mr. Takahira said:
"No, not hopeless; but almost hope-
This in itself, from one who has spoken
always in the most guarded fashion, is
sufficient to show the desperateness of
the situation. The real crisis In negotia
tions is at hand. If It can be tided over
a few days without rupture a basis of
peace acceptable to both sides may come
very suddenly. But to save the situa
tion now Japan must speak. If nn Tugs
day she has nothing to offer all is over.
Witte's Hands Are Tied.
Mr, Wltte, even if he would, is power
less to take a new stop. His hands are
tied. He now occupies the role of an
imperial messenger, who transmits his
master's orders to Baron Komura, and
Baron Komura turns thorn ovor to Toklo
for the response. Thp conferqnce-room.
nas ceasea to De a place for negotiations
it is simply the place whore the Emnor.
ors of the warring countries exehant?
their communications by the hands of
I'pon the principle of indemnity or re
jmoursemont of -frals de guerre" under
any disguise. Emperor Nicholas has given
the Japanese Emperor his last nH ir.
Witte accepts it as final, and in writing
jesieraay inrormed the Japanese plenl
potenUaries that Russia would have noth
ing further to say UDon tho .ihAf
Russia would cede half of Sakhalin
pay the cost of the maintenance of the
Russian prisoners, but thnt -a-na Qn
Emperor Nicholas had given the same
r,ponse to the President through Am
Tie Russians generally seem not dis
pleased with the situation Thv
liee Japan has been diplomatically
ma.ieux-ered into a oornor from which,
if she now persists in lier attAmnt in
exact tribute with the alternative of a
corunuance of the war. she cannot ex
trlcate herself ' before the public dnin
ion of the world. Japan here and in
-curope, tney say. appoaled far i-n,
pathy, on the ground that Russia had
compelled ner to take up arms to pro
tect ner life.
Willing to Cede All Points.
The fortune of war had gone in her
jaor ad Russia, recognizing that she
i.aa oeen beaten and preferring- nor,
to the continuation of the war. had
agreed to cede on every point Involved
in the quarrel. She was win in. t ,i
low Japan full swing in Corea, she
muiDS to get out of Manchuria
hag: and baggage, and commit 'nerself
to the recognition of China's integrity
and the policy of the open door. But
Japan insisting on tribute, because
Russia refused, prolongs the carnage
In that act they contend Japan would
change the purpose and character of
the war, which would cease to be
longer one of principle., but degenerate
into a war for the exaction of money.
There is no doubt that the Japanese
are worried over the aspect of the
situation and they do not propose to
be placed in this position if it can
be helped. With the sentiment exist
ing in Japan demanding reimburse
ment for the expenses of the war. a
money payment beyond what would
be obtained for the maintenance of tho.
Russian prisoners and the Phinnc
Eastern Railroad could not be fore
gone. But if redemption hv t?,..,i
cculd be upon purely a commini
I basis. RussIr might agree to IU Logic
points in tnis direction for the ultimate
compromise, if there is to be one.
Appeal or the President.
Whether the President "has renw.i
Ihis efforts cannot be ascertained here.
Inis iormer suggestion for a comprom
ise ailed. Ho made his appeal simul
taneously to both the Czar and the Em-
Iperor of Japan. He proposed the "in-
lleirnity-Sakhalln" combination, but
lot in the fcrm' in which it was re
sented by Baron Komura at Wednes
Instead of setting the price (1.200.-
300,000 yen, the estimated cost of the
rar), the President suggested that if
m agreement could not be reached,
the fixing: of the price should be left
to a. board or commlcilon. Xha Jana.-
neso insisted on Inserting the sum. and
thus made it impossible, in view of
the Russian declaration, not to accept
Emperor Nicholas refused to go fur
ther in addition to the concessions al
ready made, than to agree to the cos
sion of half of Sakhalin. According
to a high Russian authority, who has
been in a position to see. President
Roosevelt's communication proposing a
compromise, quite clearly showed that
the President consldored that Japan's
victories gave her the right to ask for
an indemnity, in fact if not In name,
and was also entitled to Sakhalin, and
that her military occupation of Sak
halin rave her the rlsrht to the Island
The President's friends, however, sai'
that when the full text of his proposal
is before the world, all criticism must
cease. It is well, therefore, again to
repeat the statement telegraphed last
night, which comes from one in lull
possession of the entire action taKon
by President Koosevolt.
Fairness of the Proposal.
"If the civilized world could knew at
this time the precise nature of the pro
posals made to Russia and Japan by
Prcsldont Roosevelt, it would" seem that
the force of public opinion of the groat
neutral portion of the world would induce
uit; juunijioiunuunes ana tneir govern
ments to pause and consider seriously the
results before breaking upflnally the
present conference without an acree
ment. Indeed, they might scarcolv dare.
in the face of the world's opinion, refuse
to accept in principle, at least, the sug
gestions offered by the President."
Assistant Secretary Pelrce. after the
announcement of the decision to adjourn
over until Tuesday, saw both Mr. Wltte
and Mr. Takahira and then sent a long
cipher message to the Prosldent. Al
though the public tonight was led to
believe that the meeting was definitely
aujuuniua until Auesoay, tne Associated
Press learned late tonight that, accord
ing to the joint understanding between
Mr. Wltte and Mr. Takahira. it was
agreed tliat there would be no meeting
until Japan's response to what may be
regarded as Russia's ultimatum arrived
The meeting, therefore, may not be held
until v ednesday pr Thursday.
Toklo must now decide, and judging
from the tone of the Japanese press, the
government must face a great deal of op
position at home if it yields further. Mr.
Placon acted as Interpreter for Mr. Wltte
and Mr. Takahira at this interview to
Interview "Excites Everybody.
After the interview Mr. Wltte called
Mr.. De Martens and Mr. Pokotlloff in
conference. The interview between Mr.
Itte and Mr. Takahira was the sensa
tlon of the day. Everybody had been
at high tension. On all sides the report
nad been spread that tomorrow would
witness the final break-up and that to
morrow night the hotel would be de
The Russian attaches, who know Mr
Witte's position, talked of making tholr
pour parendre conge calls and wore dis
cusshlg the date of the steamer sailings
otc men suddenly at 9 o'clock the rumor
got abroad that Mr. Wltte and Mr. Taka
hira were in private conversation. Fifty
correspondents noieagured the door of
Mr. Witte's room.
When It was over Mr. Witte om or trod
and pretended to be greatly astonished
at the crowd of Journalists. He appeared
to be In very good humor and cracked
several jokes In French, which most of
these present 'did not comprehend, and
then briefly made the announcement
Japanese Cabinet In .Session.
TOKIO, Aug. 28. (7:45 A. M.l-A sne
dally summoned council of the Cabinnt
and elder statesmen is now in session,
discussing the last and final passes of the
peace conference at Portsmouth. .
Komura at tlio Telephone.
PORTSMOUTH, N. H.. Aue. 2R.
Shortly after midnight. Baron Komura
was called to the telephone at the Hotel
Wntworth, and talked for 15 minutes in
Japanese to some one.
DEMAND ALL OF SAKHALIN
.Tnpanese Papers Say Other Terms
Should Not He Entertained.
TOKIO, Aug. 27. The proposal that
Sakhalin be divided between Russia and
Japan is meeting strong popular opposi
tion here, and It is freely predicted that
aceptance of IU will result In demonstra
tions against the government. The Nichl
"Peace under such elrcumRtn
be Imperfect Peace must bo
Since the island was seized at the point
of the sword, there Is no room to enter
tain the proposal for a partial surrender
of it. Should our government deide to
conclude peace in the presence of so many
obstacles to effecting a lastintr ncare. thn
result would only be a temporary cessa
tion of hostilities. -for which we would
noid our authorities responsible and un
hesitatingly blame them. Japan shall ad
here to her demands with reference to
the payment of indemnitv anil thi .
sion of territory."
The Hochl Shlmbun nrnrmmocj mimriu
that the proposal to divide Sakhalin. was
maae. ana says tne proposal verges on
the absurd. The Malnlchl savsr
"If the reported proposal to rilvlrio Knv.
halln is true, it Is a most wave and kh-
ous danger to our country. It will be im
possible to entertain it, as it would only
serve to soty the. seeds of further, dangers
and complications. Let us stop the peace
negotiations If the proposals are soriously
Rumor of New Appeal.
PORTSMOUTH. N. H.. Auc. 2S.:5n A.
M.) There is a persistent report that
President Roosevelt him mnifa a on.
peal to the Emperor of Japan.
MEXICAN LABORERS KILLED
Blown Up by the Premature Dis
charge of Dynamite.
MAZATLAN. Mex.. Aue. .27 TwAnti-
Mexican laborers were killed nnH nnm
ber lnlured bv th prematura Arnlncinn
of a quantity of dynamite at the port
wonts, at jvianzaniuo. none it is said
that the explosion was the result of care
lessness on thenar of unmp nf th lnknr
ers, the families of those killed have been
indemnified by Cojonel Edgar K. Smoot,
tne contractor in cnier or tne Manzanillo
'ARE TOO CRANKY
Indiana Grocer Fails With Res
taurant Conducted "As
Christ Would Run It."
TINWARE, AND NO CHICKEN
Weslcynn Conference Delegates Do
Not Take Kindly to Plan of
Paying What They Thought
Meals Were Worth.
INDIANAPOLIS. Ind.. Aug. 27. (Spe
cial.) 'Christ even could not run a res
taurant satisfactory to a lot of cranky
preachers." savs A. x. Xnrtnn rh
mous Marion grocer, who operates stores
as Christ would run them." He essayed
to run a lunch counter at the Wesleyan
conference at Ealrvlew "as Christ would
run it," but has Abandoned the project.
because the preachers wore such persist
ent and constant kickers.
Between the preachers and the labor
unions, Mr. Norton, who Is sincere In his
efforts, doubts very much whether the
faon of Man could continue In business In
this degenerate age.
Norton has been In business In Marlon
for several years, and is known through
out the state as. the man who "mrr hu
business as Christ would do," and In the
grocerj' business he has been very sue
ccssful. He opened a store several years
ago, sold goods for cash only, refused to
aenvcr to the homes of his customers
paid his employes every night, and cut
prices on everything he handled.
Norton was so successful that he opened
another grocerj on the same plan, and
tnis was followed In less than a rear hv
another, making three under his manage
ment, an doing a good business. .
3Ierchunts Combine Against Him.
Norton then attempted to branch out
into other towns, but the merchants com-
bined against him, and he was unable to
rent a storeroom In which to earrv on
his business. In one place h nurrhaeMi
the stock of goods of a merchant, but the
lease on Uie building expired in a few
months, and the owner, under pressure
rrom other merchants, refused to lease
the building to him. He was forced to
take his stock away from the town.
At another place the labor unions start
ed a boycott against him. on tho mntinrl
mat he was disorganizing trade, and they.
wiin tne aia or the local merchants, soon
destroyed his business. In Marlon, haw
ever, where he first put his peculiar ideas
into practice, he secured a firm hold, and
is still carrying on the grocery business
as ne believed 'Christ, would conduct lt-
Just before the Wesleyan annual meet
ing opened he secured the privileges for
tne dtning-hall and opened the place four
aays ago. He refused, to make anv chanr
for the meals served in the hall, but left
it to each Individual's conscience -us to
what he should pay. or whether he should
pay anything at all. He wild the waiters
gooa salaries and served everything beau
tifully, but the tableware was all of tin.
oven to the cups in which coffee and tea
wore served, and after the first dav
began to shew the result of wear.
Tinware Causes Complaint.
The people who patronized the hall com
plained more of the tinware than of the
meals, and seme of them went fo hnta
and other eating-houses after the juxrwi
day. The ministers In attendance at th
conference were among those who regis'
tered the loudest nnd innmct
the most grievous thing of which they
complained being the absence of fried
The two days that Norton was In chare
more was plenty of ham. beef and mm
ton. but not once was chicken on th WH
of fare. When the objections were urged
Norton positively refused to serve chick
en, giving as a reason that It was so
nlgn that he could not afford to talc
what would be voluntarily paid for it by
those who ate at the hall. He was ursed
to change his methods by charirfnir a
stipulated price for meals, but this he re
fused to do, saying that the people in at
tendance were religious neoole. and that
It would be unbecoming in him to nhan.
don the plan which he had begun.
Many of his boarders withdrew to ho
tels, and yesterday Norton closed the hall
and dismissed the waiters and -cooks, and
retired from the task of running the hall
as Christ would do.
FRONT GREATLY EXTENDED
Made Possible by the Use of
rUTVSHTT P1CQ ronv,.-l ....
. v .w, uuuuiiuiA, wm,.-
Intolllgonce of the constitutional grants
by the government has been received by
me army, ana general information relat
ing to Portsmouth affairs continue to
reaoh here from three to ten days late.
Since the Japanese nmnnniiiFwi
Russian center about 23 or an miiM Au
gust 10, which resulted in retaliatory' sklr-
o""'K s weu as tne cnecKmating of a
wide mnvpmpni nf (vnsfriornVtn
troops throughout three days, nothing im-
jrjruiui nas occurred. uurlng the long
quiet there have been reinforcements to
both Sides. Civine the thrntor- nf nmr
much-changed appearance. The'front has
ixrcii grcauy exienaea, maae possible by
the Use Of Wirelfft Iflrmnh nn1 Kr.-ti.-
of the unexampled size of the armies the
cnaracter oi tne tmrd stage of the war,
whether It be active hostilities, demoraliz
ation or the garrisoning of contested terri
tory, will be complicated.
The relative positions of the two armies
Is comparable to that of a year ago. and
the country facing the Japanese Is almost
identical with that which confrontpd them
at Llao Yang.
The acquisition of the railway and the
rivers by the Japanese at Mukden, to
gether with their Fcngwangchang com
munications and General Kamlmura'n
nf niramuolcallnn and dafcnjca.
running from the Head of navigation on
the lalu River across to Kaiyuan. with
out occupation of the Changpalshan
mountain region, makes control of the ad
tainlstration of South Manchuria as com
plete as that achieved In the north bv
similar organization, and In the rapid
consolidation of these connections the des
tiny of Manchuria is clearly fixed, re
pard I ess of other influences.
The Associated Press correspondent re
cently traversed 2w miles of the old Im
perlal hunting reserve on the east flank.
which was opened to settlement several
j-cars ago. Heavy crops of beans, mil
let. maize, indigo and hemp are under
cultivation mere now. Tnis comprises
region extensively scouted by the Jap
anese, who appear bold and active pend
Ing the negotiations. The people complain
oi norsemievcs and robbers.
There is great apprehension through
out of the demonstrations in the United
States-for Mr. Witte. After an enormous
rainr&u during the past ten days it Is be
llcved mat the rainy season Is closed.
Destroy Russian Guard Stations.
. TOKIO. Aug. 27. (2:30 P. M.)-Rear-Ad-
mirai ivaioa has reported to the Navy
Department that a division sent by him
to the mouth of the River Amur hnm.
bardod and destroyed two Russian guard
stations. Zharcf and Lazareba. which
were situated south of the embouchere
or me Amur, and which had been recent
BIG GRAFT IT BREMERTON
SENSATIONAL CHARGES AGAINST
PUGET SOUND NAVY-YARD.
Affidavits Filed With Secretary Bon
apnrte Show an Extraordinary
State of Corruption.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 27. (Special
Sensational charges of graft in the naw-
yard at Puget Sound have been brought
to the attention of Secretary Bonaparte.
tnrough a report of Special Acent R. H
Plckerell, who has been conducting an
investigation at that point for several
weeks. It is charged In the report that
certain employes of the yard have been
smuggling government supplies from the
yard and that one of the government
launches has been used for months to
carry the goods and material from Brem-
orton to "fences." from which thev are
sold; that employes are compelled to live
In certain boarding-houses, where they
are charged exorbitant rates, and they
do not move for fear' of being laid oft;
mat alien contract labor Is employed at
the yard and that a number of fugitives
from Justice are employed there.
These charges are backed up by af
fi da vita, which show that corruption
rivaling that exposed in the Postofflce
Department exists at the navy-yard. It
cannot be learned against whom the
charges are made, but it is declared that
wnen captain Burrell. the new com
mandant of the yard, arrives to relieve
Admiral Barclay, he will order a thor
ough .examination of all employes .under
suspicion. Secretary Bonaparte will or
der an Investigation of the charges.
Panic Threatened at Shanghai.
SHANGHAI. Aur. 27. The- nhlni Pnr.
elsn Board has appointed a political
mlssloner to assist Chinese merchants
hers to dispose of the enormous quantity
oi American goods contracted for before
tne boycott was announced, honlnsr thus
to avert a nnanciai panic.
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature.
de?.; minimum, HZ dtg-
TODAY'S Cloudy, with probable showers;
reuta to tret wlnda.
Japanese have meeting delayed until word
eeraes from Toklo. Pace 1.
Matters are taken entirely out et the hands
ef the plenipotentiaries. Page 1.
Ronw aays Prerldent Roeserelt ha made
aaether effort to bring peae'e. Page 1.
Interparliamentary congress is Catherine at
Brussels. Page 4.
Terraee collapses on crowded Metropolitan
Theater stage In Berlin. Page !.
Democrats In Cengre?s demand investigation
or Panama canal commission. Page 2.
Kew manager Tli Panama Railroad throws
Hp a bettor-paying job. page
Chances for General Leonard Wood becoming
Chief of Staff ef the Army. Page 3.
United States leads the world In number of
women school teachers. Page 3.
Affidavits ef big graft at Puget Sound Navy-
yard made to Secretary of War. Page 1.
Secretary Shaw insists that Governor Cum-
mlas Is misinformed on French treaties
speecK. Page 13.
Pushcart men threaten to add to the strike
enthusiasm or ew; York. Page 1.
Chicago loses big damage suit to railroad
for cars lost id strike. Page 1.
Effort to run restaurant on "Christ plan" la
a failure. Page 1. .
Massachusetts women to be asked leading
questions in race suicide investigation.
Change In weather results in many deaths
from yellow fever. Page 1.
Xegre who attacks white woman with ax is
lynched In Ntorth Carolina. Page 3.
Extraordinary dust storm at Pendleton does
great amount ef damage. Page 4.
Imperial sanction will probably be given Jap
anese day at the Lewis and Clark Fair.
Old sweetheart of Marshal S. E. CUy, of
Pin. 'tt'o.t. .... J I-j
Pacific Coast scares: Los Angeles 2. Port
land 0; Oakland S-7, Seattle 50; Tacoma
S-ie, San Francisco 1-2. Pago 13.
Nelson and Britt will probably select Eddie
uraney as referee. Page 13.
Angels, by taking sixth game from the
Giants, win the series. Page 13.
Lewis and Clark Exposition.
Admissions, 12.002. Page S. v
Dr. Draper speaks at Exposition Auditorium.
Norse singers throw their very eouls into
song. Page 0.
Portland and Vicinity.
Noted educatorswJll attend Exposition Con-
gre. .rage ft.
Chinese envoy declares China will not bo
satisfied until her- people are granted same
rights as European immigrants. Page 14.
President Benjamin Ide Wheeler, of the
university, tells-of the opportunities for
young men. Page 9.
Flre-flghters suffer from lack of pressure la
TO GO ON STRIKE
Complain That New York Po
licemen Rob and Mis-7'
UNDERTAKER IS LEADER
Xobody Seems to Understand "VVhnt
They Expect to Do, but Striking
Is Diversion With Sonic
Dwellers In lilg City.
NEW YORK, Aug. 27.-(SpeciaI
Something new in the strike line
promised in New York City.
The pushcart men are going out.
Exactly who they are striking against,
or what they expect to accomplish. Is
not clear, but they are determined to tie
up the street peddler Industry.
. There are. In round numbers. S00O push
cart men In Xew York City. Seven thou
sand belong to the United Citizens Ped
dlers Association. The membership is
composed principally, in fact almost en
tirely, of Hebrews, Greeks and Italians.
The bulk of the members are not nat
uralized, and in consequence they are not
treated with much respect by the ruling
authorities, because they cannot vote.
Police Always Bother Them.
They complain that the police help
themselves to fruit end never pay for
It, compel them to "move on" without
reason, that they are arrested contin
ually, and If they stand In the street,
the proprietor of the store demands $10
a. month rent, under penalty of a club
bing by the policeman on the beat.
The peerless leader and president of the
United Citizens Peddlers Association is
Sigmund Schwartz, who Is an undertaker
at 107 Forsyth street.
He Is proud of the fact that he Is the
first undertaker who has ever piloted
a strike In New York City. He thought
up the Idea himself,, and Indrfced his fol
lowers to accept It. In discussing the
matter he said:
"I have appointed a committee of
io wan upon .Mayor McClellan, out of
courtesy, and upon Charles F. Murphy
Decausc he runs the city.
This committee will explain our griev
ances. and ask that they be remedied
Our principal grievance is that the police
snouia pe compelled to leave us alone.
They make us move on too frequently.
Moss 3Icctlng and a Strike.
'If Mr. Murphy refuses, to aid us, we
..-m -.n -
" .u.ii a iuu33 meeting ana order a
strike for three days. That ought to
bring the city to terms."
Undertaker Schwartz was asked how a
strike would do this.
. aiiiw.-, uu repiieu. "would tie up
tne pushcart Industry of the city, andl
people wno wanted to buy from nush
carts would be unable to do so. Naturally
they would complain, and the sm?at
oi indignation that would follow would
show Mr. Murphy that Tammany Hall
could not trifle with public sentiment.
Murphy Is shrewd. Ho knows the slens
pf the times."
Despite the high hopes of the under
taker. It might be added that New York
is in no way aroused over the prospect
ot a pushcart strike. In fact. It comes
Just at the right moment, for the Kosher
oakers have settled their differences, and
tne local strike stage was empty for- the
And that would never do. for New Yorir
without a strike .would not be the New
aork one is used to.
C Come With Regularity.
T1-- 1 t ... . .
e iiive certain striKes which owur
with a fixed regularity as Fourth nf
July and New Years, and if they were
not pulled off with regularity, neoole
would undoubtedly complain.
J.ne last wek in March and the flrt
in April is dedicated to the Italian in
borers working on great public Improve
ments such as the subway, the Pennsvi
vanla tunnel and the like.
Their pay Is H.25 a day. and regularly
each March they strike for J1.30. After
two weeks they return at the old flcure?
and contentedly labor until March rolls
Around the 15th of April the sweat-shoo
tailors go out. No human being has ever
been able to discover exactly what they
Vast meetings are held on the East Side
and orators, amid thunderous .cheers, tell
tne workers they ore the victims of most
horrible oppression. There are demon
strations on the streets, "scabs" are
beaten by zealous union men. who in
turn are thrashed by the police, and it
Is one long round of Joyous glittering ex
citement for even one.
Then They Go Back to Work.
Public Interest in the slaves of the
needle is thoroughly aroused, and thn
newspapers are full of the day's happen
ings. About May 10 all mention of the
tailors cease. If you are Interested enough
to inquire, you will And that the tailors,
men and women, have gone back to
At the old scale? Of course. The strike
was really only an annual holiday. It's
a way they have of amusing themselves
on the East Side.
A good part of May and all of June is
'dedicated to two other clothing organiza
tions the capmakers and the kneepants-
makers. AH of these workers slcn con
tracts 'for a year, but religiously riot an
nually for a few weeks, see the pictures
of their "leaders" In the papers, and eo
back to work under the old scale.
The strike of the Kosher bakers Is an
other, religious festival. The trouble this
year wasn't a fight for more money, hut
for recognition of the union. It always is.
.Nearly all the Hebrew bakeries In town
cmnlav unloa men. but the nreaanca of
the few nonunion shops gave an excuse
to Leader Kurtz and his lieutenants to
attain some midsummer prominence.
An Agreeable Excitement.
The union bakers, who had no expressed
grievance, walked out because other em
ployers In the city had nonunion help,
and the excitement they caused Interest
ed New Yorkers, and was - particularly
agreeable at a time when practically all
the theaters are closed.
The Kosher bakers have settled their
strike. How? By simply walking back to
work. Thero are just as many union
shops as there were before, and Just as
many nonunion ones. "Wages' are un
changed, and so are hours, which Is ex
actly what was expected from the first.
These are all the fixed strike festivals
In New York at present. It was formerly
the custom to have a tle-un of all the
building industries in May. but the em-
pioers, not being as considerate as the
clothing manufacturers and the bakers.
rebelled, and after Sam Parks had been
sent to prison, the workmen decided to
keep busy all the year around.
In every one of these strikes some one
person attains prominence, but then, un
fortunately, you never hear of him or her
again. For the Information of those who
remember the "heroes" and "heronies" eH
these labor revolts, the following Informa
tion may be Interesting:
Kurtz Again Baking Bread.
Sam Kurtz, the "boy leader of
Kosher bread strikers." Is baking breed
in an Eldredge-street bakery, where he
was employed before the strike began
Itachael Debokfsky, the "girl heroine
of the Ghetto" Rachael was the leader of
the women during the sweatshop strike
last Spring Is now married to a saloon
keeper and lives In Hoboken,
adc faiegelbaum, "the Cicero of the
Capmakers." has a cigar store on the
But the saddest news of jail concerns
George Pepper, the chief of the train
men during the strike which tied up the
Subway and the "L," last Winter.
George was arrested the other day for
walking on the grass In Central Park.
His fall is regarded as worse than that
ot the former girl heroine who now lives
Strike That Puzzles All.
All the labor leaders In town look with
envy upon President Schwartz, of the
For he has evolved a strike that nobody
understands, aimed against conditions
that nobody comprehends, for the men
who own the pushcarts are the men who
There Is no possibility of defeat, for at
any time the owners of the pushcarts can
icu uicuiseives mat tneir demands are
granted, order themselves back to work.
and achieve a great victory.
Furthermore, the peddlers can sneer at
other organizations, with their pitiful,
hackneyed, played-out "girl heroines,"
"boy leaders." etc.
For they have an undertaker as leader.
And it is something novel, and will un
doubtedly Interest the public
'AH bf which explains why the neddlers
ore the happiest men In New York today.
DEATH LIST LARGE
CHANGE IX WEATHER BAD FOR
xiiree en-Known Merchants Are
Among New Cases Reported
at New Orleans.
NEW. ORLEANS. Aug. 2S.-FolIowing
is tneamciai report to 6 F. M. Sunday:
New cases. 31; total to date. 1743; deaths.
jjHfaj. lsJI new" roc'. 12; total, 402; re
malning under treatment. 119.
The 'report shows the smallest number
ot new cases since August 6. and tho
largest number of deaths on anv Anv
since tne lever made its appearance. The
unusual numoer ot deatns is attributed
In a measure to the chahsre In tho n-ah.
er, last night being cool and pleasant. In
great, contrast to the weather of the pre
Three well-known merchants aro nmnnc
the new cases. Only two names that can
oe traced to Italian orlzin nr nmnno- t,
oi. ui tne aeatns. eient ar Ttnitnnc
The principal news from outsfHo tr-ri
tory wa3 the announcement from Natchez
of the discovery of six cases there and
of the attempt to blnrne New Orleans for
them. This Is resrarde'd as rathni- innr.n
In view of the fact that of all of the tight
quarantine against New Orleans. Natchez
has maintained the tlehtMt. nnt
allowing its own people to return there if
tney naa Deen near New Orleans.
CaseS Discovered at Natchez.
VICKSBURG. Miss.. Ann- 7 Phvl
clans of the Natchez Rnnr.t nf TToin.
at noon today examined and .pronounced
ua yenow i evr tlie .llfn;n nf twi.
patients, a white woman nnrl n necm
man. Examining further tiv nmrmng
convalescent irom yellow fever were
found In the northeast nr1 of tntvn
tOtrotner with IT susntnlnus onano nf
sickness. 13 ox which are undoubtedly
yellow fever. The Infection is traced
to a neirro woman who inmn tt-nm
New Orleans on July 19.
Strict Quarantine at CaIro?.
CAIRO. III.. Au-r. 27. The mililn..rnnm
at Central Station, where quarantine per
mits are Issued, gave strong evidence to
day that Cairo has a rleld nunmntino i
existence as regards through passengers,
who were detained at the head
because thev were not snnnH -oHtv, re
mits, and a guard was placed over them
until they could be sent on their way. A
number of arrests' were made in each
case of persons who were trying- to evade
NORWAY TO BE RECOGNIZED
Sweden Hns Withdrawn Her Notice
to the Powers.
"WASHINGTON. Autr. 27. rKnfini
President Roosevelt Is exnectpd tn
nlze the Independence of Norway within a
few days. Pending arrangement for
separation, Sweden served notice that
the recognition of Norway would be re
garded a3 an unfriendly act. This notice
has now been withdrawn, firpnr "Britain
France and Germany are ready to grant
recognition and the President will prob
a.bly toUow suit.
BIG DAMAGE SUIT
Verdict for the Pennsylvania
Gives New Zeal to
ECHO OF STRIKE OF 1894-
Change of Venue Was Granted After
the Claim for Burned Freight
Cars Had Been Pending
CHICAGO. Aug. 27.-(Speeial.) With
the City of Chicago loser in the suit
brought by the Pennsylvania Railroad
Company to recover damages for freight
cars burned In the great strike of 1SW.
city officials now look for activity amon?
counsel for other roads, which still havo
claims aggregating a large sum against
the local government. The largest single
claim yet unsettled is that of the Illinois
Central railroad, the amount being In the
neighborhood of $40,000.
The only determining Influence, accord
ing to Assistant Corporation Counsel T.
J. Sutherland, who has charge of the
cases for the city, will be the fact tht
the higher courts still must pass on the
merits of the latest verdict.
This was Saturday's judgment, rendered
by a jury In DuPage County, which voted
the Pennsylvania road $100,000 though it
sued for more than four times that
amount. Mr. Sutherland professed per
fect confidence In his ability to cat tbl
verdict reversed. He says he has a strong
case -for defense.
Pending for Eleven Years.
The Pennsylvania case ld been pend
ing nearly 11 years, when a change ef
venue was taken. desnltf tho fat tw
the city submitted 200 affidavits tending
to show no prejudice, and the railroad
company only 14 to the opposite effect.
Judge Frederick Smith sent the case to
DuPage County, and the railroad at once
retained as counsel to astfktt George Wll
lard. the corporation's regular attorney;
Judge George Brown, of Wheaton. and
L. C. Cooper, of Glenellyn. The ease was
on trial for four months, and cot l5nP
Before the change of venue other eases
had been tried In Chicago, and In the
majority of Instances the city was win
ner. In 1SCS. the Pennsylvania started
suit In the Federal Court for 510,000 dam
ages. Judge Kohteoat and a jury heard
the evidence and the verdict was fr
J2700 for the plaintiff, which wag no mere
than enough to pay the stenographers.
The city, however, .wished a favornMa
ruling In the higher court and appealed,
City tost a Test Case.
The city also lost -a small case In the
state court.' but did so only to test the
constitutionality of the city statute which
says the municipality Is liable for three
quarters of the damages caused by a mob.
The lower court decided against the cn-
stltutionallty of the local law, but the
Supreme Court called it valid.
The city won two cases In the local
courts, ono brought by Armour & Co.. for
the loss of cars by fire In the American
Railway Union strike, and- the other by
Nelson Morris & Co., on the same
grounds. The amounts were small, but
the city won, Mr. Sutherland defending In
both instances. It was a subject of com
ment that at the hearing of these two
cases lawyers employed by the Pennsyl
vania road took part In the proceedings,
and that the railroad company within a
short time asked for a change of venue.
Mr. Sutherland's hopes for getting the
latest verdict reversed are based on errors
In tho records, yet he declared it his
opinion that the municipality had proved
beyond a doubt that the railroad made
no effort to prevent the fire, and may
have welcomed it.
NQUIRY ON RAGE SUICIDE
MASSACHUSETTS WOMEN TO BE
ASKED LEADING QUESTIONS.
State Census Will Endeavor to xs-
certaln the Reason for tho
BOSTON. Mass., Aug. . 27. (Special.) As
a supplementary part of the state census
now being compiled, Chief Pidgin has un
dertaken a special inquiry to determine, if
possible, some facts relating to race sui
cide. Every married woman In the state
will be asked questions by enumerators
calculated to show whether the so-called
race suicide is an actual or merely an
apparent outgrowth of present conditions.
Mr. Pidgin has a theory that the aver
age birth period is three years, and the
inquiry will be mainly directed to deter
mine this point. The questions will be as
to the age of women at marrlaKe. the
number of children born since, with the
dates, and the number of children born
by the mother and grandmother of tho
woman being questioned.
The occupation of married women will
also be inquired Into to see if this has'
any influence on the birth rate.
Heavy Imports to Mexico.
MEXICO CITY. Ausr. 27. Thf
changes in the tariff which go into effect
the first of September hnvp hnri tho r
'feet of making large increases in Imports.
ine railways are doing all that Is possible
to expedite the delivery of goods affected
ay ma new tariir