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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 18, 1905)
rHE MORNING OREGONIAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 18, 1905.
CONGRESS CONSIDERS INDUSTRIAL AND POLITICAL PROBLEMS
WELL UNDER If
Resolutions Body Acts Upon
Important Subject at
DISCUSS EXCLUSION TODAJ
Forest Reserve Law Revision, State
hood for New Jlexico, Depart
ment of Mines, Appropri
ations for Rivers.
COMMITTEE on resolutions.
Chairman, Fred TV. Fleming:, Mis
souri. Secretary. Eugene A. Hawkins,
Adjourned meeting: this morning at
9 o'clock In the Chapman Sohool, near
Resolutions recommended for adop
tion by Congress:
Use or waters of navigable rivers
more Important for Irrigation pur
poses than for navigation.
Immediate statehood for Territory
of New Moxlco.
Creation of Department of Mines and
additional Cabinet portfolio.
Construction of storage reservoirs
at headwaters of stroams.
Adequate Federal appropriations for
widening, deepening and extending
Proper maintenance of forest reserves.
The committee on .resolutions of. the
rrans-Mlsslsslppl Commercial Congress
met at the Chapman School building, near
the Fair grounds, at 2 o'clock, yesterday
afternoon, and at once proceeded to or
ganize by the election of Fred W. Flem
ing, of Kansas City, chairman, and Eu
gene A. Hawkins, of Galvseton, Tex., sec
retary. Every state was represented, and
actual business was the order from the
very first. Ex-Governor Prince, of New
Mexico, and others emphatically declared
that so far the Congress had been entirely
given over to speeches and addresses of
welcome and counter addresses of com
pliments, all very well in their way, but
entirely eliminating the- actual and im
portant business of the session. Ex-Gov-crnbr
Prince urged the committee to get
down to hard work at once and let the
whole world know what the congress Is
actually doing. This appeared to be the
sentiment of the entire membership, and
tinder the chairmanship of Mr. Fleming,
business was expedited.
For Modification of Forestry Laws.
Mr. Tannahill. of Idaho, Introduced a
resolution regarding forest reserves -which
aroused considerable discussion. Ex-Governor
Moore, of Washington, argued that
the present generation should reap the
advantages and that the hardy pioneer
should enloy all the benefits.
Mr. Craig, of California, asked In what
way the forest reserve act Intereferd with
raining, and Mr. Tannahill, of Idaho, ex
plained that the Government would not
sell the necessary timber, and that It
was, therefore, impossible, to prosecute
active mining In or adjacent to a forest
Ex-Governor Prince, of New Mexico, ad
dressed the committee briefly, stating that
much difficulty had been engendered by,
perhaps, the over-zealousnoss of Govern
ment officials In certain localities, "but,"
said he, "we of New Mexico have expe
rienced no difficulty In the application of
the law, but at the same time, I favor the
passage of a resolution advocating more
and extreme care on the part of officials
iw the operation of the law."
"the chairman then appointed Mr. Black,
of Washington; ex-Governor Prince, of
New Mexico, and Mr. Craig, of California,
and Mr. Tannahill, of Idaho, as a commit
tee to draff a resolution bearing on the
subject of forest reserves, and the com
mittee was Instructed to report at Its ear
The California delegation offered a reso
lution on the Irrigation proposition reading
Irrigation Versus Navigation.
"Resolved. That the use of the river
"waters of the Trans-Mississippi States are
of vastly greater value to greater numbers
when applied to irrigation than to navi
gation, and hence, when the demand of
irrigation requires such a volume ,of the
waters of any navigable stream as to ren
der It- less navigable, such conditions
should not be permitted to interfere In
any manner with the prosecution and op
eration of irrigation works."
Judge Samuel Kimble, of Kansas, chal
lenged the resolution as too drastic, but
Sclpio Craig, of California, championed it
in a very warm address, in which he said
irrigation -was worth more to the people
of the United States than all the naviga
tion In the world. The resolution was
unanimously adopted upon motion of Mr.
Statehood for New Mexico.
Ex-Governor Prince, of New Mexico, in
troduced the following resolution in re
gard to the admission of New Mexico as
a separate state:
"Whereas, The fundamental principle of
American republicanism is that of self
government, and no body of American
citizens should be deprived of that right
when It is possible to exercise it; there
fore, Resolved, That the people of New Mex
ico should no longer be deprived of self
government, and that territory should be
admitted without delay."
This resolution was adopted without de
mur, and ex-Governor Prince then Intro
duced the following- in reference to the
creation of a Department of Mines, the
bead of which should be a Cabinet officer:
Resolved. That the mining Industry of the
United States hao grown to such proportions
cad Importance, and is capable of such va.it
extension if fostered by the Government as
Is the agricultural industry, that we heartily
favor the establishment by act of Congress of
a National Department of Mines and Mining,
whose head shall be a Cabinet officer.
This resolution went over until near
the close of the meeting, when it was
adopted without dissent.
Ex-Governor Moore, of Washington,
moved that all resolutions on the Chi
nese boycott and exclusion be referred
to a committee. The chair appointed
Moore of Washington, Benjamin of
California and Kimble of Kansas as
Storage Reservoirs for Floodwaters.
Mr. Hill, of Colorado, offered the fol
lowing: "Resolved, That In the approprla-
ORATORS OE THE TRANS-MISSISSIPPI CONGRESS
iwauiv;(T jai i i wit 1 i m l n I'vy lit.vrv ta m i i . i T-r
Geo ,,.DCVE. t?o
tion made by our National Congress for
the construction of leveos and othor
improvements for the control of the
high waters of the Mississippi and
other rivers throughout the United
States needing such improvement, we
recommend that special Investigation
be given by Congress to the practica
bility of the construction of large
storage reservoirs at the headwaters
of such streams, so as to store the
water during their flood season, in or
der to relieve the threatened dangers
caused by them below, and to allow
their use later for the irrigation of the
land tributary to such stroams by the
canals and reservoirs taking and to
take water therefrom."
This resolution was. adopted by a
E. A. Hawkins Jr., and E. F. Harris,
of Texas, Introduced a resolution re
questing an adequate appropriation, by
the Federal Government for widening,
deepening and extending our harbors
so as to admit the largest modern
steamships, and specially providing
for the improvement of the port of
Galveston in accordance with the rec
ommendations of the United States
Board of Engineers, at a cost of $169.
000, tho balance of the money neces
sary to complete the work now under
This resolution was adopted by the
Mr. Black, of Washington, reported
the following substitute for the reso
lutions on forest reserve, and it was
adopted by a unanimous vote:
Resolved, That we Indorse and approve the
creation and maintenance of forest reserves
under Just and reasonable conditions. We,
however, urge that the utmobt caution be
had in the extension of present forest re
serves and that he extensions be had without
due regard to the condition and rights of the
communities affected, or to the location of
homesteads or any tracts, large or small,
which are capable of cultivation;
And be It further rosolved that we rge
the immediate repeal of all Jaws and orders
of the Interior Department limiting the use
of timber products to the state or territory
in which the same are cut.
Extreme Immigration Suggestion.
Mr. Black, of Washington moved
that it be the sense of the congress
that all foreigners be admitted from
all countries without restriction. The
motion was seconded and for the mo
ment took the breath away from every
member present. Only the wild yelling
of the crowd at the adjacent baseball
grounds, when McLaln swatted the
ball permeated the Chapman School
building. No decision was had and
upon motion of Mr. Topping:, of Mis
souri, the committee adjourned to meet
at 9 o'clock today, at which time it will
grapple with the Chlnoso question,
which appears to be the all-absorbing
theme, and will also probably complete
its labors and prepare to submit its
report to the Congress as a body.
THEME OF SESSION
Great Men Discuss Important
Question at Congress.
IMMIGRATION CHIEF TOPIC
Commercial Captains Advance Ideas
Take Form In Recom
mendations for Legislation
That Is Needed.
TOPICS OF SPEAKERS.
Subjects of addresses at yesterday's
session of "the Traas-MlsalssTppl Con
gress: Oriental Trade.
Columbia River Improvement.
Upbuilding of Merohant Marine.
Subjects for Today.
Mining and Creation ef Department
of Mines, in National Government.
The Chinese question was opened In the
Trans-Mississippi Congress by President
Wilcox, who led up to the subject by de
scribing the growth of American trade in
the Orient, especially In China and Japan,
In the last decade. The speaker treated
of wheat and flour and lumber exports. In
which the Pacific Northwest has been
most interested and in cotton and manu
factured shipments, which concerned other
parts of the United States. Mr. Wilcox's
paper was considered very able, and was
many times applauded.
The speaker said that the United States
in the exclusion law had given "to other
nations, our competitors for this trade
with China, such a weapon against us as
will prove our undoing If not quickly
destroyed," and that no matter whether
the Chinese government should approve
the boycott or not It "cannot force Its
merchants to buy American goods," and
"Australia will furnish the flour, India
the cotton. British Columbia the lumber
and Europe the balance of their require
ments." Situation Demands Immediate Action
The situation he said "must be met and
satisfied without delay," but the -United
States has been so "faithless" to its treaty
obligations and so "flagrant" in Its of
fenses "that it is doubtful if this will now
suffice to restore our proper trade rela
tions." "If admission of a limited number of
Chinese coolies Into this country becomes
necessary to pacify Chinese merchants, I
shall favor such action to such extent as
Chinese coolie labor can be employed with
in our domain without serious detriment
to our own American laborers.
"Such laborers," he asserted, "were
needed In clearing of lands, cultivation of
sugar beets, fruitralslng and hopgrowing
and common labor that will not pay the
wages which white labor demands. A
moderate number (of coolies) could be
easily assimilated and absorbed In the
Interests that require that sort of labor.
"Terrifying spectacles of race riot and
bloodshed, held up to us by newspapers
and politicians," Mr. Wilcox did not take
For an Immigration Commission.
Passing to immigration in general Mr.
Wilcox declared: "It Is high time that the
gateways to this country be closed against
the undesirable element of all nations.
The most pressing problem before the
American Nation today Is not Chinese ex
clusion, but exclusion of the undesirable
class of every nation and every clime from
the United States in the future. I believe
we should not only call on the President
to appoint an Immigration commission to
investigate and report to Congress, with
recommendations for a comprehensive law,
stringent and studied, to cover every un
desirable person from every country, but
we should see to It that' the members of
Congress give their time and effort to the
accomplishment of something that should
have been done a score of years ago."
John Barrett followed with a speech
that embraced ground similar to that cov
ered by Mr. Wilcox, but In a manner dis
tinctively his own. It Is not too much to
say that his address made a deeper im
pression on the congress than that of any
other speaker. His delivery was with
out notes, and his manner pleasing to
the highest degree. He showed a knowl
edge of the subject that repeatedly sur
prised his auditors. Many times he was
applauded, 'and at the end General Noble,
who presided, thanked him from tho
chair for his able exposition of trade con
ditions. "The golden rule." said Mr. Barrett,
"should govern the dealings of nations
with each other, the same as persons
The United States should first cast the
beam out of its own eye. and then It
would see clearly to cast the mote out
of the eye of other nations. For exam
ple, the United States before ridiculing
South American republics for their fre
quent revolutions might get rid of graft
in Its own borders an evil unknown
among these republics.
Make Yellow Peril Yellow Blessing".
The most startling of Mr. Barrett's ut
terance was: "T" he so-called yellow peril,
viewed in a practical light, can be de
scribed as a bogle. The yellow peril may
be made a yellow blessing."
This was one of eight propositions
treated by Mr. Barrett. The others were
First The most critical period in the h
tory of American-Asiatic commerce would
seem to be at hand, owing to the Chlneso
boycott. Invoked because of failure of Amcrl-
IIISTORY OF CONGRESSES.
"Where and rhen Trans-Mlsalsslppi
Congrees has made history and men who
have been president:
June. IKK). Galveston. W. M. Fish
back. Arkansas; May, 1601. Denver, B.
P. Ferry, Utah; October, 1891. Omaha,
C. S. Thomas, Colorado; February.
1S02. New Orleans. L- Bradford Prince.
New Mexico; April. 1803. Ogden. -W. S.
McConnell. Idaho; February. 1S94. San
Francisco. II. R. Whltmore, Missouri;
November. 1S1M. St. Louis. George Q.
Cannon. Utah; November, 1895. Omaha,
W. J. Bryan. Nebraska; July, 1S37. Salt
Lake. Hugh Craig. California; May,
1809. Wichita. E. O. Stanaril. MtMOurl;
April. 1900. Houston, J. R. G. Pitkin.
Louisiana; July. 1001. Cripple Creek.
Walter SGresham, Texas; August, 1002,
St. Pail. John Henry Smith. Utah:
Augnst. 1 1908, Seattle, John H. Klrby.
Texas; October, 1004, St- Louis. Richard
C. Kerens. Missouri; August. 1905. Port
land, Or., T. B. Wlleox, Oregon.
For Next Session and President.
Denver. New Orleans. Kansas City and
Salt Lake City are candidate for the
1900 scsalon. John W. Noble, of" St.
Louis, and H. D. Loveland, of San
Francisco, are most prominently men
tioned as presidential possibilities.
cans to carry out the golden rule; either
Europe or America Is to be the dominating
Influence In the foreign commerce of Asia.
Second Defenders and promoters of the boy
cott declare that China Is asking a new deal
and a square deal In her relations with the
foreign world; there Is no greater mistake
than to think of China aa a nation composed
exclusively of coolies.
Third The Chinese have a distinct racial
and national pride that we are prone to over
look; it Is only a question of time when
China, like Japan, will startle tho world with
her onward movement. ,
Believes Problem Will Settle Itself.
Fourth A cardinal fault of Europeans and
Americans In China Is their spirit of patron
age, their "holler than thou" attitude, their
unsympathetic, superior and haughty manner.
Fifth In discussing the poralble dangers of
Asiatic labor competition and Asiatic 1mm!
gratlon In America, It Is well to bear In mind
that the price of labor on the Anlatle Coast
has Increased 25 per cent In the last decade
and that It bids fair to Increase proportion
ately In the next decade; the awakening of
the Orient will keep laborers at home so that
the problem In America will settle Itself.
Sixth Exploit ChlnaVi resources, give It rail
roads, open Its rivers and provide the Chinese
masses with money and they will purchase as
much correspondingly as other people.
Seventh The remarkable growth and pres
ent value of American commerce on the Pa
cific demonstrates beyond question Its Impor
tance: It has; Increased 200 per cent la the
last ten yearn.
"Unreasoning Fears qf Unionism
F. B. Thurbcr, of New York, president
of the United States Export Association,
read a paper on "Future' Markets in the
Orient." As to Chinese exclusion Mr.
Thurber asserted that America should
not let "the unreasoning fears of Ameri
can trades unionism Insult the educated
Asiatics who come to trade with us or
to study with us, even If a few coolies do
get In under false pretenses. I believe
that yellow journalism, which seeks to
play on the prejudices and fears of organ
ized labor, is a greater peril than Eastern
or Western Immigration."
After describing with many figures the
growth of trade In the Orient, Mr. Thur
bcr adverted to the American railroad
problem In the course of his remarks
on transportation and declaimed against
conferring the rate-making power" to "an
Inexperienced political commission of five
men. when -CO skilled traffic managers,
who have devoted their lives to this bus
ness, cannot suit everybody." The speak
er took occasion to say that high hopes
of commercial growth from the Panama
Canal will not bo realized "until we get
an American merchant marine to use It.
Ten per cent of the amount we spend an
nually on our navy, spent In building up
an American merchant marine, would be
the best Investment the United States
Some National Policies Advocated.
The needs of the United States, Mr.
Thurber detailed as follows:
First To foster our transportation sys
tem both on sea and land. Help It, don't
Second TVe need to appreciate that this
Is the age of steam, electricity, machinery
and organization, and that untrammelrd
American Individualism controlling these
forces will produce better results than offi
cialism, socialism and communism. Yellow
journalism Is dally, weekly and monthly
teaching the contrary. Don't shy at "trusts."
whether of labor or capital. They represent
"organization." Control but don't crlppla
them. We are dependent upon them for
Third Our foreign policy should favor
"the open door." and to get this we should
make . reasonable concessions In our tariff
policy, through reciprocity or otherwise.
Fourth As minor means to this end. sys
tematize our consular service on a basla of
permanency, promotion and adequate com
pensation. We have superior talent in our
consular service as a Vbole. but it Is
dwarfed and discouraged by the lack of
these prime requisites.
Fifth Revise our treaties with Oriental
countries so that while protecting American
labor against "the yellow peril." It will glvo
both American labor and American capital
"the yellow opportunity" to supply S00 mil
lions of Asiatics with what they want to
buy and what we want to sell.
The merchant marine was the subject
of a paper by George W. Dickie, of San
Francisco. Mr. Dickie dwelt on the lam
entable features of the decline of the mer
chant marine. He said that all American
ships In foreign and interstate commerce
should be relieved of taxation, and that
the merchant marine should have addi
tional aid through National legislation.
"The state can foster shipping just as
effectively as the Nation, as the benefits
to be derived from large shipping interests
will center In the shlpownlng and ship
building states. For instance, to every
shin built and owned in the state in which
she Is enrolled the harbors of the stnte
ought to be free, and all shipping property
when engagod In interstate or foreign
commerce should be relieved of all stnte
or munlicpal taxes. Some states have
done this, to a limited extent, and these
states own whatever ocean trade this
country possesses today. Tho eyes of the
people of this country are being opened
to the Importance of naval power, both In
a military and commercial sense, also to
the future position we are destined to
occupy among the great nations, of the
world. One thing Is certain: We have en
tered on a course that Is to lend us. If not
Into deep water, at least on to deep wa
ter, and on deep water we will be much
safer In our own ships."
Idaho, committee permanent organiza
tion M. E. Lewis. Moscow. Resolutions,
George W. Tannahill. Lewlston: J. R.
Good, Boise. Executive committee. J. R.
Good, Boise. Vice-president, John B.
Colorado Resolutions. James F. Call
breath, Denver: George W. Schneider.
Denver. Permanent organization. J. B.
Melyille. Denver. Executive committee.
A. F. Francis, Cripple CreJfc. Vice-president.
Mitchell Benedict. Denver.
Missouri Permanent organization. E.
E. Yates. St. Louis; Colonel Frod W.
Fleming. Kansas City. Resolutions. H.
B. Topping. Kansas City. Vice-president,
General John W. Noble. St. Louis.
Nebraska Executive committee. C. B.
Anderson, Crete: J. H. Arends, Syracuse.
Resolutions. A. C. Smith. C. B. Porter.
Omaha. Vice-president, H. T. Clarke,
Minnesota Permanent organization.
John Kingsley. Pipestone. Executive
committee. John Kingsley, Pipestone.
Resolutions, W. R. Edwards. Tracey; H.
E. Hutphlngs, Tracey. Vice-president. H.
El Hutchings. St. Paul.
Utah Permanent organization, John R.
Barnes. Farmington. Resolutions. Jo
seph Stanford, Ogden. Executive com
mittee, George Romney, Salt Lake. Vice
president, William N. Williams. Salt
New Mexico Permanent organization.
L. B. Prince. Resolutions, L. B. Prince.
G. R. Engledow. Vice-president, G. R.
Iowa Permanent organization, Charles
L. Early. Resolutions. C. F. Saylor. Hen-"
ry Stone. Vice-president, J. L. Kammr.
Executive committee, Edward H. Hunter.
California Permanent organization.
John E. Baker. Resolutions. Sclpio Craig.
E. H. Benjlman. Vice-president. Benja
min F. Lynlp. Alturas.
Texas Resolutions committee. E. A.
Hawkins. Edward F. Harris. Galveston.
Vice-president. D. D. Peden, Houston.
Washington Permanent organizations.
John T. Welch, South Bend. Resolutions.
J. B. Lease, Centraiia: M. D. Walters.
Walla Walla. Executive committee. J.
R. Stevenson. Pomeroy. Vice-president.
Governor Albert E. Mead.
Kansas Resolutions committee. Sam
Kimble, J. B. Case. Executive commit
tee. E. E. Hoffman. Permanent organ
ization, A. J. White. Vice-president, John
Copyright, 1905. by Klser Photo Comptny.
PRESIDENT DAVID R. FRANCIS, OF THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE EXPOSITION, GOVERNOR CHAMBERLAIN AND LOCAL FAIR OFFICIALS.
FAVORS DEPER COLUMBIA
(Continued from First Page.)
In the United States, was roundly scored
at yesterday's session of the Trans-Mississippi
Congress, in the Exposition Audi
torium, by T. B. Wilcox, of Portland,
president; John Barrett. Minister to Co
lombia, and F. B. Thurber. of New York,
who declnred in prepared addresses. r
sponding to the vigorous antl-Chlnese ut
terances of Governor Chamberlain and
Governor Mead, the day preceding, that
unless the United States shall quit tho
policy, it will be shut out of tho markets
of China, and will thereby lose Its trade
foothold in the Orient.
Debate on the subject has not yet
broken forth: in fact, the congress has
not come to the debating stage, and may
not until 'tomorrow. The sessions of
yesterday, and the day before were de
voted to delivery of addresses and ap
pointment of several committees. Including
those on resolutions and permanent or
ganization, neither of which has reported.
Debate will begin on the report of tho
committee on resolutions, to which all
resolutions are referred without discus
sion. The committee, therefore. Is ex
pected to have a big fight over the ques
tion before it shall be brought up in tho
Congress. Yesterday afternoon, the com
mittee carefully shied off from the matter,
but may take it up this morning.
The day before, Governor Chamberlain
declared that exclusion should be made
even more rigid, and that it should shut
out Japanese also. Governor Mead; of
Washington, sided with him In positive
terms, and Governor Pardee, of Califor
nia, proclaimed himself opposed to Immi
gration, not only of low-grade Chinese,
but also of low-grade Europeans and Afri
cans. Their remarks were applauded not
nearly so loudly as the words of yester
day's speakers, showing unmistakably
that the congress favors a softened ex
clusion policy. In order to ward off tho
threatened Chinese boycott, and that
while It would make the exclusion bars
to Chinese lower. It would make those,
to Europeans and other Immigrants high
er, so as to shut out riff-raff of all na
tions. The speakers proclaimed the Immi
gration of mongrel humanity admitted at
New York to be as evil to this Nation as
that of laborer coolies at San Francisco,
and the congress commended their opinion
Upbuilding of the merchant marine was
ably treated by George W. Dickie, of San
Election of new officers and selection of
the next place of meeting will be disposed
of by the committee on permanent organ
ization, report from which the congress
Is accustomed to adopt In such matters.
The report will be forthcoming today or
tomorrow. Men frequently mentioned for
president are John W. Noble and D. R.
Francis, of St. Louis, and H. D. Loveland,
Two addresses on yesterday's pro
gramme were not delivered one by P. J.
Van Lobensels. of San Francisco, "Im
provement of Rivers": the other by B. C.
Wright, of San Francisco, "The W est tho
Best." They were the last on the pro
gramme, and when that time arrived,
the ears of the members were so weary
and their stomachs so empty that
they shut off the waiting gentlemen with
scant ceremony. Tho session had already
lasted more three hours, and when a pro
posal was made to hear the last two ad
dresses, loud shouts of opposition came
from several parts of the hall, and John
W. Noble, of St, Louis, in the chair, was
constrained to allow adjournment. This
was after somebody from Kansas had sug
gested that the addresses be read by tltlo
only and Mr. Von Lobensels had boiled
down his speech to the remark:
"Under the tender mercies of the War
Department, the Sacramento River has
been kept as a menace and a curse In
stead of a blessing and a boon."
Mr. Wright Indulged In a facetious "I
thank you. gentlemen, for your patience."
If the two gentlemen felt their feathers
ruffled, they wore heroic smiles just the