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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL,. XL.V.-NO. 13,944.
'PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY, AUGUST 17, 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Floods of Oratory to Be
DEMANDS RATIONAL GENIUS
Congress in Session.
CHIEF MEETING OF FAIR
Important Topics for Each Session
of Congress, in Which Lead
ing Themes Will Be In
VJtOG 3AMME COMMERCIAL. CON
Music. Tenth United States Infan
Call f states and reports of delega
tions. John W. Noble, ef St. Louie,
Address, "The Columbia River,"
Major TV. C. Langfltt. Corps ef United
States Engineers, V. S. A.
Addresses, "Oriental Trade," Theo
dore B. Wilcox, of Portland, and John
Barrett, American Minister of Unltod
States to Colombia.
Address, "Future Markets In the
Orient." F. B. Thurbor, New York.
City, president of the United States
Address. "Merchant Marine," George
W. Dickie, of San Francisco.
Address, "Improvement of Rivers,"
P J. Van Lobentels. San Francisco.
Address. "The West the Best," B. C.
Wright, San Francisco.
Representing: all states and terrl
tories west of the Mississippi River,
Including- Hawaii and the Philippines,
the Trans-Mississippi Commercial Con
gress met yesterday morning: In six
teenth annual assembly, for a session
of four days, in the -auditorium at the
Fair, presided over by President Dheo-'
dore B. Wilcox, of Portland; and after
p. number of welcoming speeches and
responses, adjourned at noon, to meet
again this morning.
The Congress contains captains of in
dustry and masters of commerce from
the entire Western two-thirds area of
the United States men of brains and
fame and force gathered to deliberate
on topics of National and common
wealth concern, and to bring: results of
their discussions to the doors of the
FORMING IMMIGRATION' CON
GRESS. Steps were taken for the 'formation
of an Immigration Congress to held 1
Its initial session in September at
Denver, at a meeting of the Colorado
delegation to the Trans-Mlsslssippl
Congress, yesterday afternoon. The
movement Is under the auspices, of
the Colorado State Commercial Asso
ciation, which will request the Trans
Ml8slsslppl Congress to appoint dele
gates to the Immigration Congress.
The Governors of all the states em
braced in the arid region will be espe
cially urged to attend.
The purpose of the congress will
be to Induce people to settle the
West. It is hoped to draw into con
cert the railroads, commercial organi
zations and all other agencies work
ing for the settlement of the vast
areas of land In the Western country.
National Congress at Washington, or
other departments of government, or
wherpver else they may serve the pub
Yesterday's attendance of delegates
was large and energetic, and today's
is expected to be even more so. Fig
ures of National prominence will be
among the speakers, and they will
treat of such-subjects as Oriental trade.
Immigration and Chinese ex
elusion; the merchant -marine; rivers
and harbors, irrigation and govern
ment reclamation projects: government
regulation of railroads and rates, crea
tion of a mining department of the
The Chinese immigration question
will bring forth difference of opinion,
As to irrigation, Oregon and Washing
ton are very impatient with the slow
progress of reclamation work by the
National Government, and inclined to
censure the .Reclamation Service for
the dela while other states, notably
California, ftdaho and Colorado, where
projects are under way, will be dispos
ed to squelch such a movement. A dc
termlned effort will be made by mining
states for a "resolution calling on Con
gress to establish a Department of
Mining. Enlarged powers for the In
terstate Commerce Commission will be
urged by a strong element, for Gov
ernment control of the railroads and
interstate commerce rail rates. The
Columbia will adopt vigorous resolu
tions in behalf of large Congressional
appropriations for the Columbia- River.
This morning each state delegation
will nominate for the committee on
resolutions two men, for the executive
committee one, for the committee on
permanent organization one, and for
honorary vice-president one. A new
president and other new officers will
be recommended for election tomorrow
by the committee on permanent organ-
ization. David R. Francis, of St
Louis, president of the Louisiana Pur
chase Exposition, seems likely of elec
tion for president. Another man prom
inently mentioned is H. D. Loveland,
of San Francisco, ProsWewt of tn
Pacific Coast Jobbers and Manufac
Chinese Exclusion Live Subject.
That the subject of Chinese exclusion will
precipitate a lively debate in the Trans
Mississippi Congross is manifest and in
dications are that no topic will let 'loose
such strong winds of oratory. The sub
ject will be injected Into discussion I
Oriental commerce, by the Chinese boy
cott, which, in the interest of American
trade In China, the Congress deslros t
have warded off.
Two elements of the Congress will be
in conflict in this matter, that which
would amend the exclusion laws for lew
restricted admission of Chinese, especially
merehants, and even of a limited num
ber of laborers, in the Interest of com
merce with the Celestial Empire; and
that which demands continuance of strict
exclusion, for protection "of America from
an Inrush of the yellow horde. The latter
element is jocularly referred to by the
other as "peddling out political buncombe
for consumption of such Interests as cen
ter in labor unions."
First to tap the subject yesterday was
Governor Chamberlain, of Oregon, who
declared in positive words that the re
striction on Chinese should be Increased
rather than lessened and that it should
be extended so as to shut out Japanese.
After him came Governor Mead, of Wash
ington, and Governor Pardee, of Califor
nia, who proclaimed themselves op
posed to admission of Chinese, in equally
stern language. This morning the other
side will have an inning when Theodore
B. Wilcox, President of the Congress,
will present an address reviewing com
mercial conditions and portraying the im
portance of promoting trade relatione with
China and the Orient. He will make some
strong recommendations as to the neces
sity for devoting attention to the exist
ing immigration laws.
Decided Views of Three Governors.
The three Governors pitched into the
subject without gloves and were roundly
applauded. Chamberlain asserted that the
boycott was not so much threatened by
Chinese as trumped up -by "men in this
country who have personal interests to
subserve" and who are "directly inter
ested in exporting products to Chinese
ports." Such men, he remarked, were
a small minority of the people of the
Pacific States. Governor Pardee sakl
that the Pacific States did not want
wholesale immigration from Asia and
sounded an alarm to Eastern States
against riff-raff immigration from Europe
and Africa. Governor Mead announced
that Governor Chamberlain's ideas on the
subject were like his own and that he
and the Oregon Executive had arrived at
a common basis of understanding recently
when visiting Celilo together.
Governor Chamberlain boldly declared
that as Chinese and Japanese cannot "in
termarry and assimilate with our own
peoples" their immigration should be re
stricted. Said he:
I feel that the btst interests f the crest ma
jority ef the people of the United States de
mand a rigid enforcement of the present law
restricting the immigration of Chinese labor
en, and if any amendment to that law is
made it should be for even greater restric
tion than now exist?. Not only that; the rea
sons -whteb demand the exclusion ef the cheap
labor of China from oar shores demand the
rtctrlctlon of Japanese laborers as well, and
ef all Oriental countries that send to our nbers ,
a cIaps ef people Inferior to our own and who.
under the taws of the Almighty himself, can
not intermarry and assimilate with our own
peoples without their degradation art the ew-
ering of the standard of civilization. Our
friends from the Kaet and from the South
cannot fully appreciate the evils that will be
wrought to ur jocial and -our Industrial sys
tem by the unrestricted Immigration ef the
cheap laborers of Oriental countries. They
are not home builder; they cannot assimilate
with us; they can live and accumulate money
f6r transfer to the Orient upon a wage which
our people cannot exist upon, and eteps ought
to bo taken here and now to sound a warnlar
against the enactment of nnr laws which shall
make it Twrder for the tolling maroes of this
country to earn their dally bread.
I do not feel that in an address of welcome
I ehould dwell at length upon any of these
pubjects which demand and will doubtless
receive your areful consideration. I content
myelf with calling attention to them, and
in conclusion permit me to express the hope
that your stay among us mar be both profit
able and plcamnt, and that when you return
to your several homes you may cherish none
but piearant recollections of our city aad of
our people. Wo are glad to have you with
u. and we bid you welcome.
Governor Pardee drew from his audi
ence a loud burst of appiauso by exclaim
"While this nation and this Coast
doesn't want undesirable immigration
from Asia, neither does it want unde
sirable immigration from Africa nor Eu
rope. The race issue on this coast is great
but let us not forget the equal danger
for the Eastern States from Europe and
Africa. Let us make no mistake about
Concluded on Page 3.)
EUiruS P. JENNINGS, Chairman Executive Committee.
Impressive Showing oLBulIe
tin Issued by Census
NATIVE WHITES DECREASE
New Immigrants so Prolific That! in
North Atlantic States They
Offset General Tendency.
Steady Decline in West.
FACTS ABOUT BIRTH-RATE.
Children under 10 years, eacthind of
the population in 1S09; one-fourth of
population in 1BO0.
Proportion ef children to women in
creased between year ISoG aad 1S68;
has decreased ever since.
Children under 5 to 1000 women be
tween IS and -JO years, 084 la year 1609;
474 i year 1000.
Birth rale In Oregon increased from
year ISM to 2SG9; decreased ever sJooe.
Ratio of children to leW native wait
women la year 1000 was 462; to 1000
ferelga-bern white wemea, 719.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 16. "That there
has been a persistent decline of the birth
rate in the United States since IS, is
the conclusion reached in a bulletin is
sued by the Census Bureau. The bulletin
was prepared by Prof. Waltor F. Wil
cox, of Cornell University, and It is ex
plained that, although an analysis made
offers many suggestions as to the probable
tendencies in the birth-rate of the United
States, it is primarily not a study in
birth-rates but a study in the proportion
of children to the total population, or
total number of women of child-bearing
he result of the study shows that at
the beginning of the nineteenth century,
the children under ten year of age con
stituted one-third and at the end less
than one-fourth, of the total population.
The decrease in this proportion began as
early as the decade 1S18 to 129 and con
tinued uninterruptedly, though at vary
ing rates in each successive decade. Be
tween 1S50 and 1SC0, the proportion of
children to women between 15 and 49 years,
the child-bearing age, increased, but since
1S80 it has constantly decreased. It is
stated that the decrcare has been unequal
from decade to decade, but that, if the
computation is made upon the basis of
20-ynar periods, it has been regular. n
1S0O the number of children under five
years of age to 1000 women 15 to 49 years
of age was 654; in 1900 it was only 471.
The proportion of children to potential
mothers in 1900 was only three-fourths
as large as In 1S80.
Due to Influx of Foreigners.
No attempt is made by the author of the
bulletin to determine the probable cause
of this decline. An extended argument
by General Francis E. Walker is given,
suggesting that it is largely due to the
influx of foreigners and the resultant
shock to the population Inetlnct of the
natives. But Professor Wilcox does not
express a definite opinion, claiming that
the vital statistics of the country are
not sufficiently developed to afford a
sound basis of Judgment. He notes, how
ever, that there has been a similar morked
decline in the birth-rate of Australia,
where there has been no such torrent of
immigration. Considered sectlonally. it
is found that in the North and West
there has been a more or loss regular de
cline, while in the South the change has
been less regular and the decline less
Steady Decrease In Oregon.
Tn the general decrease between 183 and
1903, not a single state of the North At
lantic division took part. In seven other
states also there was no decrease. In
only six states, Maryland. Michigan. Ohio,
Illinois, Kentucky and Indiana, did the
proportion decrease, and in only Dela
ware, District of Columbia, Wisconsin.
OFFICERS TRANS-MISSISSIPPI COMMERCIAL CONGRESS
Minnesota. Iowa, Oregon and Colorado,
did It follow the tendency of the country
as a whole that is, increase from 1S50 to
ISae, and decrease in the four succeeding
In 11!0 for the United States as a whole
the proportion of children wan only two
thirds as great in cities as in the country
districts. In the North Atlantic division,
however, it was almost as great in the
cities as in the country. In the southern
divisions it is hardly more than half "as
large In' the cities as in the country,
while in the Far West the difference is
Intermediate In amount.
Xew Immigrants Prolific.
This." it is explained, x"is probably due
in large measure to the fact that the Irar
migrant population who have been swarm-
(Concluded on Page 4.)
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 6S
dep.; minimum 31. Precipitation. 0.06 of
TODAY'S-OoudyO.' partly cloudy, probably
preceded by showers; westerly winds.
Agreement reachen dlpoal of railroads.
. Page 8. '
CrUls will come next Monday. Page 3.
Prebable basis of compromise. Page 3.
Defenses of Vladivostok ready for siege.
Norway may yet became a republic Page 4.
Starving peasants la Andalunia raid coun
try and government orders relief. Page 4.
Wltte's conference with American Jew. oa
treatment of Russian Jews. Page 3.
President ha conference with Insurance
men on Federal control. Page 2.
Commissioner Keep reports on Printing Of
fice scandal. Page 4.
Cenras Bureau shows steady decline in
' American birth-rate. Page 1.
Interstate Commission to report on railroads.
Hltl talks on effect of Chinese boycott on
Northwest wheat market. Page 3.
National Reciprocity Conference meets, In
Chicago. Page 1.
Twelve men killed by rocksllde In quarry.
Many persons Injured by great sterm la St.
Louis. Page 4.
Government report on yeltow fever out
break. Page 3.
Woman claims fortune said to have been
stolen by rich men. Page L.
Pacific Coast League scores: San Francisco
2. Portland 0; Tacoxna 2. Oakland 1; Se
attle, rain. Page 7.
Columbia River counties of Oregon with the
exception of Umatilla show big falling oft
In wheat yield. Tage 1.
Millionaire W. II. Talbot, of San Francisco,
eaters sensational cross-complaint In di
vorce suit. Page 0.
Salmon pack on the Columbia only 73 per
cent that of last year. Page C
Nltro-glycerln house explodes at Point Isa
bella. Cat; foreman killed. Chinese filled
with glass silvers. Page 8.
A. G. McKamey, settler near Mount Hood,
supposed to have committed suicide.
Tea free libraries purchased for smaller
towns of Oregon. Page 6.
Commercial and Marine.
Grain ship reptortfd taken for Portland load
ing. Page 15.
Hp sertspostpone deliveries. Page 13.
Chicago wncat,'etroug on foreign crop re
ports. Page 13.
Stock market spotty and uneven. Page 15.
Ad'vance in hops at San Francisco. Page 13.
New traffic and towboat Under construction.
Marine news of the day. Page 7.
Jwls and Clark Exposition.
Admissions, 23, Si 9. Page 10.
Elks have great parade" and day at Expo
sition. Page 10.
Today Is San Francisco day at Fair. Page 10.
Portland and Vicinity.
Oriental trade and Asiatic immigration big
question of the Trans-MIssIsslppl Con
gress. Page 1.
Trans-Mlssisslppl Congress begins Its ses
slon. Page 11-
Civll Service Board alarmed at Devlin's po
sition as to paying Weldlers salary.
Betterment of cities theme of Civic Con
ference. Page 14.
Poisoning of Mrs. Van Dran still shrouded in
mystery. Page 14.
Council slaps Mayor by overriding box or
dinance veto and by sustaining Plumbing
Inspector. Page 10. i
Proprietors of Tuxedo saloon musistand
trlaL Page, 14.
St. Paul railway officials wire that telegra
phers strike. has been adjusted. Page 5.
First test ef child-labor law will follow ar
rest. Page 14.
Coin and agent go and Woodlawn citizens
mourn disappearance. Page 14.
Annexed territory goes on tax roll. Page 11.
Industrial chiefs of the Trans-MlsslsslppI
Congress. Page 11.
TUEO. B. WTLCOX, President.
fl MILLION SHORT
Wheat Output Is Curtailed by
Unfavorable Weather of
Winter and Spring.
UMATILLA THE EXCEPTION
Hot Spell Continued Over a Month,
'Without the Usual Molstnrc
Iiadcn Breezes From Snow
IONE." Or., Aug. 16. (Staff correspon
dence.) The river counties of Oregon ex
cept Umatilla, which does not prop
erly belong In the same tier as Morrow,
Gilliam. Sherman and Wasco, will this
year turn off a wheat crop approximately
1,000.000 bushels smaller than that of last
year. Unfortunately climatic conditions
last Winter and Spring, and even this
Summer, were the prime factors in this
shrinkage, but an unusually large amount
of land In Summer fallow contributed to
Wasco County is perhaps harder put
than hor neighbors. Even the most con
servative men in touch with the" situation
are predicting a decrease of 30 to 35 per
cent, as compared with last year's yield.
while others who are in opposition to the
usually Informed, place the crop at only
60 per cent of that of last year. There
are. of course, a few good yields, as Is
always the case, but the average Is not
up to that of a year ago, and there was
not enough new acreage to offset that
which was in crop last year, but was idle
or cut for hay this year.
Much "Wheat Frozen Out.
Wasco, of course, is not a Spring-wheat
county, but there was considerable Win
ter wheat frozen out and the efforts to
get a crop by rcseedlng were not very
successful. In many cases the attempt
was abandoned and the field turned over
to Summer fallow, and in others the
growth was cut for hay.
Wasco and her neighboring counties suf
fered over a month of withering, hot
weather, untempered by any moisture
such as usually blows In from the snow
in the mountains. In former seasons
the wheat has not Infrequently been sub
jected to weather as hot as that which
prevailed this year, but it has neer lasted
more than a few days and its effect haa
been nullified to a degree by the moisture
due to the melting of snow In the mount
ains and plenty of water in the streams.
Sherman County fell short of her best
yield last year, and this year on an In
creased acreage thero will be a smaller
output than there was last year. It must
bo remembered, however, that the amount
cut for hay would account for a consid
erable difference of opinion as to the ex
tent of the decrease, the estimates vary
lng from 10 per cent to 35 per cent less
than tho 1C0I crop. In spite of the hot
weather the wheat now coming In from
Columbia Southern points Is of excellent
quality and tests remarkably heavy.
Gilliam County, on account of hav
ing railroad connection with a new and
most promising wheat section, has
managed to Increase her acreage so
that the yield this year will not fall as
far shoijt of that of 1904 as was notice
able in Wasco and Sherman counties.
Out near Condon, the terminus of the
O. R. & N. branch from Arlington, soma
very good yields are .reported, and the
same is true of the Mayville country,
lying farther south.
Much Xew Acreage.
There Is so much new acreage at the
southern terminus of this line that has
never been cropped before that It 13 a
difficult matter to base estimates for
this year on the yield of former years.
Some authorities who should be in a
position to know, say that this new
acreage will be sufficient to offset the
loss from unfavorable weather, and
pull tho total for the county up to last
year's proportions. Others who are
less optimistic note that early orders
for sacks are being cut down, and that
.the total number booked is less than
i was a year ago.
Too much dependence cannot be
placed on the sack test this year, as
dealers will not take back those which
are not used, as they have been doing
in former seasons. This system for
determining the size of the crop will
this year, at least, have the merit of
being conservative, for with sacks at
present prices, there will be no dispo
sition on the part of growers to pur
chase any more than they need.
Short Crop in Morrow.
Morrow County has quite a reputa
tion for success in growing wheat
without moisture, but this year the
crop Is much short of last year's big
yield. In the vicinity of Lexington and
Hcppner the output will compare fa
vorably with that of last year, but at
lone, Douglas and Cecil the receipts
will be much smaller. At the latter
station there is always a certain
amount of Gilliam County wheat re
ceived, and as it is figured 'in by the.
statisticians of both counties, accur
acy In determining the production of
each is not always easy to secure.
The falling off in the output of Mor
row County this year will not be due
entirely to the light yield per acre, but
In part to a smaller acreage, the big
yield last year was due to an unusually
large acreage, which this year Is again
In Summer fallow. There is some new
land well to the south, that is this
year showing Its first crop, but the area
Is not large.
Quality of Wheat Is Good.
The quality pf the wheat in Morrow,
and In fact, in alLof the river coun
ties, is excellent. Although consider
able wheat Is now ready for market,
there is very little selling, and nine
tenths of the farmers are displaying a
very independent attitude regarding
the matter, at the same time express
ing great confidence In their ability to
secure higher prices later in the sea
son. Tho crop of the four counties i3
probably 1,000,000 bushels smaller than
that of last year, but even at present
prices it would place In circulation
among the comparatively scant popu
lation about $2.,500,000, thus insuring
the people against any great degree of
financial hardship. E. W. W.
GUIS LUGE FORTUNE
ROMANTIC STORY OF NEVADA
Years After He Is 3Iurdercd, Wife
Finds Will Bequeathing Prop
erty Rich 3Ien Stole.
MILWAUKEE. Wis., Aug. 15. Mrs.
Frank G. Curtis, wife of a Milwaukee
automobile dealer. In substantiation of
a claim to a shore in a 51.5OO.00O estate,
tells a strange story in which a con
spiracy figures. Involving several multi
millionaires. She claims that her father, John Mur
phy, who was a poor prospector In Nev
ada In the enrlv sixties, amassed a for
tune and tvas later killed from ambush
near Carson. Some time before his death
he had deserted his wife and two daugh
ters, lenvlne them In Chicago. They were
Ignorant of the fact that he had died
possessed of considoraDie property unui
it icno revnnlmi to them bv papers found
in a strong box In possession of a former
bodyguard of Murphy.
Among the papers. It Is said, Is a will
bequeathing the estate to the daughters.
It Is charged that a number of interested
parties, some of whom are known na
tionally, have kept the facts from be
Soldiers Desert hy Wholesale.
ST. PAUL. Aug. 16. A wholesale deser
tion of privates from Fort Snelllng was
reported today, when It was announced
that about 50 privates had quietly left the
post without permission, because they did
not wlsn to woric on tne new niie range.
T. FRANCIS. Secretary.
PUIS TO DUE
Reciprocity Conference Con
siders How to Overcome
DUAL TARIFF ITS SLOGAN
Representatives of Every State and
Every Interest Meet to Act on
Removal of Restrictions on
- American Commerce.
CHICAGO. Aug. 16. For th purpose ot
considering means of improving recipro
cal trade arrangements with foreign
countries, amendments of the Dtogtey
Tariff to aid in that purpose. mmI
changes in the Interstate Commerce Law.
the National Reciprocity Conference
opened today in the Illinois Theater. It
comprises 600 representatives of every
section and even' interest, from the great
farming and stockralslng States of the
West to the manufacturing States of the
East. Foreign Consuls representing in
Chicago nearly every country in ttie
world attended in force.
The keynote was sounded by Senatfr
Cullora In an address recommending thnt
the Conference, Instead of further advo
cating reciprocity, of which he held out
no hope should agitate for a maximum
and minimum tariff. He suggested that
the maximum tariff should apply to tfce
products of countries which discriminate
against the United States and the mini
mum to those which made trade conces
sions to us. The name "dual tariff was
suggested for his policy by Alvln 11. Saw
ders, the Chairman of the executive com
mittee, and was promptly taken up by
others as a good campaign slogan.
Condition Which Confronts Us.
Th rnnferfnee was called to order at
10:15 o'clock this morning by A. D. Sun
ders, of Chicago. He sall:
The ratahlfehment of falrr trad rehtM
with foreign nations is a matter that affects
directly the pnxperlty of every farrow, atactt
g rower and exporter in the ITnrted Sn.
rn hv oa? the Eurovsen KOermU rr
tightening the colls intended to urttrii
the 'American export traoe in asriewlttwai
products and manufactured good. We ace to
day face to face with a new prohibitive Ger
man tariff designed to keep out every pewnd
of American breadstuffs and provtawng. e
tallatlon has been tried Rt tremendous cost
to our producers and manufacturers and to a
The cflmmlttce of arraneemente has endeav
ored to make this conference absolutely non
partisan. Moreover, we have no pet.ptaa of
bringing about the desired iraae. "UV d-
tliwtly disclaim any attack upon the protec
tive tariff principle, or upon any partleulac
w helteve that our great basic Industry.
agriculture, the backbone of all or prosper
ity, cannot be safely .neglected runner, ana
that Its welfare at th! Juncture can be as
sured by suitable Congressional action with
out detriment to any other legitimate Ameri
can Industry. It Is Idle to say that nothing
can be done. Where there U a will there la
Retaliation or Concession.
ait- Snndors nominated as temporary
fhnirmnn of the Convention John E.
"Wilder, President of the Illinois Manu
facturers Association. Governor Charles
E. Deneen, of Illinois, was introduced Dy
Zklr. "Wilder and said:
it hu not encaied the notice of the Amer
ican people that several of the nations of Con
tinental Europe are raising discriminating anu
itrohibitlre tariffs against the products ot our
fields and factories. They call us "the Amer
ican peril." and seek to quarantine against u.
"What are we to do about it: nan we re--t
to the law of the talon, or meet prof
fered concessions with concessions? Ib It too
.rmoh tn sav that the Nation hopes that out
of this conference will come suggestions and.
recommendations which will meet with the
approval of our President and Congress ami
lead to the enactment or laws anu tne nego
tiation and ratification of treaties which will
not alone enable us to retain the foreign
commerce we already have, but to enlarge It?
Mayor Edward F. Dunne welcomed the
delegates in behalf of the city. Governor
J. H. Mickey, of Nebraska, addressed the
Convention. He declared that the conflicts
which the citizenship of America will
wage during the coming decade will not
be fought upon the fields of battle, but
rather in the commercial arenas that it
will be a conflict of diplomacy, which
will determine whether or not American
products of the farm and factory are to
receive the same concessions abroad as
are guaranteed to the most favored na
tion. W. E. Dean, of St. Paul, addressed the
Conference at some length, stating that a
delegation had come from Minnesota be
cause of the fact that their State Is now
being protected under the present tariff,
Xo Ship Subsidy, Says Harris.
Senator William A. Harris, of Kansas,
The prosperity of this great country must be
four-sided before it can be permanent. Ag
riculture and mlntng are two sides of the
great temple, and manufacturing and com
merce constitute the other two sldee. "We
talk about stimulating commerce by injecting
with a syringe subsidy provisions to stimu
late the building of steamshlpa That la an
absolute quack prescription. "What we want
to do la to nyike It profitable for other na
tloce, and then veeels will be found without
number calling under the American flag la
every eea. Mr. McKlnley said the period of
excluslveness is past. One nation cannot ex
pect another to continue to buy of it unleaa
the opposite process is resorted to.
F. J. Hagenbarth. of Idaho, represent
ee National Livestock Association,
gave a brief history of the attempt of
the woolgrowers to secure a hearing
before the Senate committee in- 1.893,
and stated that the failure of that com
mittee to secure a hearing and a grad
ual reduction of the tariff on wool had
resulted In the total destruction of the
S. H. Cowan, of Texas, declared that,
if the gentlemen of the conventlonqprere
not willing to surrender politics in the
interest of business, they might better
have stayed away.
Upon the opening of the afternoon
session, permanent officers of the con
ference were recommended as follows:
Permanent chairman, Hon. S. D. Pack
ard. Iowa: first vice-chairman. William
C. Maybury. Michigan; second vlce
chairmnn. I. T. Prior, Texas; third vice
chairman. Andrew G. Webster, Massa
chusetts; secretary, W. R. Corwine,
(Concludttd. tin Paxr IU ,