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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 11, 1905)
VOL. XLV.-XO. 13,939.
PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAjl, AUGUST 11, 1905.
PItlCE FIVE CENTS.
TERMS OF PEACE
Russia Must Pay Entire
Cost of War.'
MOST GIVE UP SAKHALIN
Naval Strength in Eastern
Waters to Be Limited.
TERMS CONSIDERED HARD
Envoys of Nicholas Think Them In
admissible, but Send Them to
CzarWltte Will Give
JArAVS TERMS OF IEACE.
Reimbursement of coot ef war.
Cession of Sakhalin.
Cession of Russian leases of Llao
tung Peninsula, comprising Port Ar
thur and Dalny.
Evacuation of Manchuria, retroces
sion to China of privilege there and
recognition of open door.
Cession of Chinese Eastern Railway
Recognition ef Japanese protectorate
Fishing rights In Siberia north of
Relinquishment of Interned Russian
Limitation of Russian naval strength
in Far East.
PORTSMOUTH, X. H,. Aug. lO.-Relm-bursemont
of .the expenses sustained in
the prosecution of the war and the ces
sion of the Island of Sakhalin constitute
the main features of the peace conditions
banded by Baron Komura to Mr. Witte
at" the conclusion of the morning session
of he envoys in the goneral stores build
ing of the Portsmouth, Navy-yard. The
word "Indemnity" was carefully avoided,
the term applied being "reimbursement"
for the cost of the war. No sum is fixed,
the amount being distinctly withheld for
mutual adjustment between the two "coun
tries after the Japanese expenditures
bave been ascertained.
These are the two all-Important condi
tions and these the Russian envoys find
absolutely unacceptable. It can be stated,
however, that these two principal condi
tions did not come as a surprise to the
Russian plenipotentiaries. The friendly
fashion in which Baron Komura ex
plained the conditions before handing
them to M. Witte and avoided expression
of the word "Indemnity" in the presenta
tion of Japan's bill for the cost of the
war without fixing a sum leaves the way
open for negotiations and constitutes the
main hope that a final agreement is pos
sible. Certainly the danger of a sudden
rupture, no matter what the ultimate re
sult, is precluded by today's developments.
The other terms are substantially what
the world expected and with one or -two
exceptions could probably be entertained
as a basis of negotiations. They Include
Summary of Other Terms.
The cession of the Russian leases to
the Llaotung Peninsula, comprising Port
Arthur and Dalny.
The evacuation 'of the entire province
of Manchuria, the retrocession to China
of any privileges Russia may have in the
province and the recognition by Russia
if the principle of the "open door."
The .cession to Japan of the Chinese
Eastern Railway below Harbin, the main
line through Northern Manchuria to
Vladivostok to remain Russian property.
The recognition of the Japanese protec
torate over Corea.
The grant of fishing rights in Siberia
northward from Vladivostok.
The relinquishment to Japan of the
Russian warships interned in neutral
Finally, a limitation in the naval
strength of Russia in Far Eastern waters.
Russians Think Terms Hard.
As a whole these terms are regarded as
exceedingly hard In the eyes of the Rus
sians. In addition to the principal condi
tions, which cannot be accopted under
Mr. Witte's Instructions, those relating
to Russian naval power in the Far East
and the granting of fishing rights upon
the Russian littoral are considered parti
cularly offensive to the amour proper of
their country and of such a humiliating
character as to be Inadmissible.
The Japanese, on the contrary, as Baron
Komura announcod at the conference to
day, consider them moderate, contending
that they only represent fair compensa
tion for the expenses of the war and the
victories they have achieved on land and
sea, their sole purpose bolng to attain
the objects for which they have fought,
the spoils claimed being only such as
they are legitimately entitled to as the
result of their military and naval suc
cesses. Await Czar's Opinion.
The Russian plenipotentiaries, as soon
as the Japanese .terms were in their
hands, called five expert delegates at
tached to the mission, and spent the whole
afternoon in the consideration -of the
terms. Meantime the conditions had been
placed in cipher and cabled to the Czar
with Mr. Witte's personal explanations.
It is hoped that a reply will be received
from the Emperor, in which caso Mr.
Witte expects to have the Russian re
sponse ready by Saturday, but It is not
unlikely that, Saturday being the first
anniversary of the birth of the Czarevitch,
the presentation of the reply will bo de
ferred until Monday. Meantime the en
voys will not meet unless some unex
pected necessity for a conference should
The Japanese plenipotentiaries manifest
not the slightest annoyance at the pros
poet of a few days delay. They realize
how Important the issue is and are per
fectly willing to give their Russian col
leagues time for consideration.
At Dinner "With Pelrco.
Mr. Witte and Baron Rose, had ac
cepted an invitation to dine with Assist
ant Secretary of State Polrce, and, in
spite of their arduous labors at the Navy
yard today, they kept the engagement.
At 9 o'clock, upon their return to their
quarters In the hotel, they plunged again
Into the work and the lights in their
rooms burned until long after midnight.
Much excltoment prevailed about the
hotel, the corridors of which were
thronged with Summer guests and news
paper correspondents, all discussing and
speculating upon the terms, while off the
corridors dozens of tolegraph instruments
were clicking off dispatches to all quar
ters of the globe. The Russian and Jap
anese plenipotentiaries denied themselves
to callers, no statements were issued, and
only to a few wore Japan's conditions
Japanese Ask Secrecy.
The Associated Press learns from a
most authoritative source that the de
cision taken by the peace conference to
keep in absolute seclusion the delibera
tions of the plenipotentiaries was pro
posed by the Japanese representatives.
The Russians had no speolal intention in
maintaining secrecy, but, thinking they
had not the right of opposing the desire
of the Japanese, they have consented to
Later it was ascertained that an
agreement was reached today by which
the next meeting of the conference was
formally adjourned until Monday. Mr.
Witte, in the course of his remarks at
the meeting of the plenipotentiaries, re
viewed at length the events leading up
to tho war.
RUSSIA MUST YIELD, SATS HE
Japanese Professor Predicts Success
of Pence Conference.
PORTSMOUTH. N. H., Aug. 10. Fljlro
Takasugi, professor of English at the
Imperial University of Tokto, who has
Justconcluded a post-graduate course at
Harvard and is to return this month,
had a lengthy conference last night with
Mr. Sato, who has been the spokesman
so far for the Japanese peace mission.
After the conference, Mr. Takasugi gave
utterance to most optimistic views as to
the outcome of the negotiations.
"The Portsmouth conference will end
in a treaty of peace," he said. "The con
ference 'inaybelong drawn' out, but Rus
sia must in the end accede to the terms
of Japan. She cannot do otherwise Rus
sia has fought until she can fight no
longer. Japan has gained an impregnable
position and can dictate terms. There
is no escape for the Muscovite.
"Of course I do not know absolutely
what Japan's terms will, be, but I think
I can tell very nearly what my coun
try's representatives are likely to ask.
"One condition will be the immediate
evacuation of Manchuria, Another will
be the cession of the Island of Sakhalin.
Vladivostok will also be demanded.
"Certainly an indemnity will be asked.
A defeated nation is always forced to pay
an indomnlty at the end of the war. I
do not know the amount, but I am con
vinced that it will be at the very least
$1,003,000,00). This may be reduced, how
ever, if peace can be brought about in
no other way.
"It Is to be expected that the Russian
onvoys will protest against such terms.
They may almost refuse to continue the
negotiations, but Baron Komura and Min
ister Takahlra will not be deceived by
suoh tactics. They will be Immovable
and in the end Russia's representatives
will give what is asked.
"The Russian people will undoubtedly
look on the terms of peace as dishonorable
and there will be much dissatisfaction.
The Czar will quiet this by a proclama
tion establishing a representative assem
bly. This will be simply a travesty on
representative government, and, after two
or three year's, even this solace will be
taken away from the people. It will, how
ever, have served its purpose."
STRAIGHT SHOT AT SIR. SATO
One of Witte's Suite Accuses Japa
nese of Misstating Pacts.
PORTSMOUTH, N. H., Aug. 10. With
regard to the frequent interviews with
Mr. Sato and the other Japanese dele
gates which are appearing in the
press, a prominent personage belong
ing to Mr. Witte's suite made the fol
"Throughout the war tho Japanese
have made all the efforts In their pow
er to win the press to their side. They
have proceeded in a fashion quite com
prehensible from this recent interview,
but less so from that 6f the public
which has swallowed what they have
been pleased to furnish. Of course,
the people of all countries, in America
as well as in Russia, are readily; sus
ceptible to a propaganda of ideas, no
matter how false they may be. -For
Instance, the papers of the last few
days have contained an interview with
Mr. Sato, In which he says that Russia
must pay a war Indemnity because she
is at tho end of her resources, and that
the Russian representatives, although
making wry faces, will have to pay,
even if the word indomnlty is not used.
'It is not possible to suppose that
Mr. Sato willfully misstates facts, and
the rnpst charitable view is that he is
badly informed. He probably does not
know that Russia in all her history
never paid a war Indemnity. She did
not even pay an Indemnity to Napoleon,
when in 1S12 with his army he invaded
Russia and entored Moscow. It is
therefore difficult to -suppose that Rus
sia will pay an Indemnity- to the Jap
anese when the chief of their army.
Marshal Oyama, who, notwithstanding
the respect due him, is not Napoleon
the Great, up to tho present, after a
year and a "half, not only has not cn-
ICoaciuaea oa Page Sa
Men of Anthracite Regions
Pour Forth in Thousands
to Greet Him.
HE INSTILLS SELF-RESPECT
Welcomed by Catholic Abstinence
Union and Mlneworkers' Union,
Ho Speaks for Sobriety,
WILKESBARRE, Pa.. Aug. 10. The
President of the United States, who
came here today and made an address to
the delegates attending the annual con
vention of the Catholic Abstinence Union
of America and the members of the
United Mlneworkers of America, was
given a most enthusiastic recoption. In
faot the entire trip through New Jer
sey and Pennsylvania to this city was a
series of ovations. Every station along
the line from Jersey City was decorated
with flags and bunting and the crowds at
the stations cheered the President heart
ily. But his greatest ovation was In
the Wyoming Valley, where he spent
four very busy hours. The entire valley
took on a holiday aspect. Mr. Roose
velt ws In good humor and enjoyed the
day as much as the most enthusiastic
total abstainer or mlneworker.
Wllkesbarre was dressed for the ocqjj
slon. There was scarcely a building' m
the business portion of the city or a
house along the route over which the
President drove that did not display the
national colors. The greatest crowd that
the city ever had within its confines was
present, and it is estimated that the vis
itors numbered upward of 35,O00.
Speakers on the Common.
"me President arrived at 3 o'clock and
was driven directly to the speakers' stand
on the common. Besides the President,
those who spoke were Cardinal Gibbons.
Mayor Kirdcndale, of this city: John,
Mltcholl, president of the Mlneworkers,
and Father Curran. Cardinal Gibbons
and Mr. Mltcholl, as "well as Mayor Weav
er, of Philadelphia, who was on the
speakers platform but did not spoak.
-aere then given an enthusiastic greeting.
After the exercises on the rivor com
mon had ended, the President was driven
about the city, then to the Wyoming
monument and from there to Pittston,
about 11 miles north of bore, whore he
boarded his special train and left for
Chautauqua at 7:3) P. M.
On the- trip from Jersey City o this
city only a few stops were made, at
each of which the President made brief
The Catholic Total Abstinence delegates
transacted but little bustness this fore
noon, and at noon the W.O00 uniformed
cadet soldiers of the two regiments of
the order paraded. This parade ended in
time for the regiments to line up the
streets and keop back the great crowds.
Great Shout Greets Him.
The Presldont arrived here at 2:5S P. M.
Before the train came to a full stop a
great shout went up from the enormous
crowd assembled at the station, which
increased into a roar as the Presldont
stepped from the train. The crowd was
so great that thellcc had much diffi
culty in -keeping the enthusiastic multi
tude behind the ropes that had been
stretched about the station. The Presi
dent was met by the local reception com
mittee, which Included Father Curran
and John Mitchell. The streets along the
route to the speakers' stand- were lined
with a solid mass of people. Many of
them had been standing at favorite places
The President's reception as ho was
driven ovor the route was a tremendous
one. The President appeared to be ex
tremely pleased at the demonstration and
kept bowing to the right and left. The
crowd at the speakers' stand was greater
than that which greeted the President at
the station, and the demonstration was so
noisy that it took several minutes to
quiet the enthusiasm and permit the ex
ercises to begin.
Father Gurran's Welcome.
Rev. Father J. J. Curran. of Wllkes
barre, delivered tho address of welcome
on behalf of the Catholic Total Abstlnenco
This is the 2 rat instance that a President
of the United States has ever visited our
city, but Wllkesbarre could well afford to
have waited a hundred years for the visit of
a President such as T have with us today,
for ef him, more than of any ether citizen
since the immortal "Washington, can it bo
truly said that he ts "first In war, first in
peace and first in the hearts of his country
men." Theodore Roosevelt is net only on
the crest ot the wave of social aad political
reform: he Is the very force that set that
wave in motion, and wilt keep It gslng unit!
it shall have swept the country from ocean
to ocean and restored the equilibrium that
has been so badly disarranged by corrupted
aad corrupting citizens. The Catholic Total
Abstinence Union ef America Is with him
In his patriotic and Christian onslaught
against social and political enemies of our
country. In behalf ef lov.feu Catholic total
abstainers of our National Union, X bid wel
come to President Roosevelt. God bless him
and spare him to his family aad country tor
many yearn to come.
In welcoming the President on behalf of
the United Mlneworkers of America, John
Mitchell, president of that organization,
Visit Marks an Epoch.
The visit of President Rooeevelt to the coal
fields ot Pennsylvania as the gui-st ef Che tem
perance societies and the United Mine Workers
of America marks an epoch In the civic, so
cial and indue trial history of thla common
wealth. This occasion I one of peculiar
significance to the men for whom I have the
honor to speak; it Is one that will be long
remembered by them. Imprinted Indelibly
upon the hearts of the miners In the recollec
tion of the long contest they had and the
great hardships they endured In the year 1902;
& brought to a happy termination by
the Intervention and mediation ot our distin
It Is a pleasure to ear that, largely as a re
sult of his efforts, and mainly as a conse
quence, ot his action, the conditions of life
and labor among the anthracite coal mine
workers have been materially Improved, and
the entire people of this community have en
Joyed an era of prosperity unprecedented In
the history of the hard-coal regions.
Hitter Anfagonlsme Dissipated.
It fat equally Important to ay that many ef
the bitter antagonUxns and prejudices of for
mer years, both between the miners- and their
employers, and oven among the mlneworkers
themselves, bare been slowly but surely dls
rlpated and the prospect of permanent and
honorable industrial peace grows brighter day
In the pursuit of its ideals - trades-unionism
has juielfled its existence by good works and
high purposes. Slowly and gradually it has
programed toward the fulfillment of lu mis
sion. It bu elevated the standard of living
ef American workman and conferred upon him
higher wages and more leisure. It has In
creased efficiency, diminished accident avert
ed disease, kept the children in school, aad
improved the relations between employer and
employed. It has conferred benefits, made
racrlnces and. unfortunately, committed many
We believe It nnt tin reason able to ask that
we be Judged not by our faults but rather by
Great Men Favor Unionism.
After quoting Abraham Lincoln. Wen
dell Phillips and W. E. Gladstone's en
dorsements of trades unions, Mr. Mltcholl
And so we might go on with endless 'Indorse
ments from the great men ef the world whese
hearts beat In sympathy with their struggling
fellow-turn. But we need not depead alone
upon the utterances ot the immortal dead.
We have with us as our bonorpd guest this
day a man whose name and deeds will live as
long as the Republic shall endure, one who
has on Innumerable occasions spoken In no
uncertain terms 'In defense of the right ot
the workmen to organize, and has to far sub
scribed to the constitution and principles ot
modern trade unions as himself to aeeept
honorary membership In one of them.
President Roosevelt then addressed the
vast assemblage as follows:
Address by the President.
I am particularly glad to speak to this
audience of miners and their wives and
children, and especially to speak under the
auspice of this great temperance society.
In our country the happiness ot all the rest
of our people depends most of- all upon the
welfare of the wane-worker and the welfare
of the farmer. If we car secure the welfare
of these two ciaM-AN?"' can be reasonably
certain that the community as a whole will
prosper. And we must never forget that
the chief factor In securing the welfare alike
of wage-worker and of farmer, as of every
body else, must be the man himself.
The 'only effective way 'o help anybody
Is to help him help himself. .There are ex
ceptional times when any one of us needs
outsid help, and then It should be given
freely; but normally each one of us must
depend upon his own exertions for his own
success. Something can be done by wise
legislation and by wise and honest adminis
tration of the laws; that ts, something can
be done by our actloa taken Is our eolleetive
capacity through the state and the nation.
Something more can be dose 1 combina
tion and organization among ourselves In
our private capacities as citizens, so leag
as this combination or organization Is man
aged with wisdom and Integrity, with In
sistence upon the rights of those benefited
and yet with Just regard for the rights ef
Value of Personal Qualities.
But In the last analysis the factor moat
influential In determining any man's success
must ever be the sum ot that man's own
qualities, of his knowledge, foresight, thrift,
and courage. Whatever tends to Increase
his self-respect, whatever tends to help him
overcome the temptations wltn which all of
us tre surrounded. Is of benefit not only to
htm but to th Whole ovrcmua-'ty. .
No one society can 'do more to help tho
wage-worker than such a temperance so
ciety a that which I am now addressing.
It Is ef Incalculable consequence to the man
himself that he should be sober and tem
perate, and it ts of even more consequence
to his wife and his children; for It J a
hard and cruel fact that In this life ot
ours the sins of the man are often visited
most heavily upon those whese welfare
should be his one special care.
For the drunkard, for the man who loses
his Job because he cannot control or will not
control his desire for liquor and far vicious
pleasure, we have a feeling of anger and
contempt mixed with our pity; but for his
unfortunate wife and little ones we feel
only pity, and that ot the deepest and tea
Everything possible should be done to en
courage the growth of that spirit of self
respect, self-restraint, self-reliance, whleh. If
It only grows enough Is certain to make all
those In whom It shows Itself move steadily
upward toward the highest standard of
American citizenship. It Is a proud and re
sponsible privilege to be citizens of this great
self-governing nation; aad each of us needs
to keep steadily before his eyes the fact that
he Is wholly unfit to take part In the work
of governing others unless he can first gov
ern himself. Me must stand up manfully
for his own rights; he must respect the
rights of others; he must obey the law. aad
he must try to live up to those rules of
righteousness which are above and behind
Justice of Arbitration.
This applies Just as much to the man of
great wealth as to the man of small means;
to the capitalist as to the wage-worker. And
as one practical point, let roe urge that in
the event ef any difficulty, especially if tt
is what Is known as a labor trouble, both,
sides show themselves willing to meet, will
ing to consult, and anxious each to treat
the other reasonably and fairly, each to look
at the other's side of the case and to do
the other Justice. If only this course could
be generally followed, the chance of indus
trial disaster would be minimized.
Now. my fri-nds. I want to read you an
extract from a letter I have Just received
from a Catholic priest whom I know well
and whom I know to be as staunch a friend
ef the laboring man as there is to be found
In this country. Now and then not too
often it is a good thing for all of us to
hear bat Is not perhaps altogether palat
able, provided only that the person who
tells the truth is our genulno friend, knows
what he is talking about (even though he
may not see all sides of the case), and tella
us what he has to say, not with a desire
to hurt our feelings, but with the transpar
ent purpose to do us good. With this fore
word, here Is a part of the lettler:
Wis Words of a Priest.
"I would humbly recommend that you
lend your entire weight to the cause which
the Catholic Total Abstinence Union of
America represents, and especially so lrr its
relation to the working classes of this coun
try, for whom it is doing so much good.
Tou know that the temperance movement I
a potent auxiliary to the institutions of our
country in building up a better manhood and
a truer Christianity among our citizens. It
played a very important part in the two
coal strikes of 1900 and 1002, respectively,
by keeping the men sober, and thus remov
ing the danger of riotous and unbecoming
conduct. There is one discouraging feature
connected with the upward tendency of the
wage scale among the workmen of this coun
try. The higher the wages, the more money
they spend In saloons. The shorter the
hours, the more they are Inclined to absent
themselves from home. An apparent dis
regard for family ties Is growing among the
poorer classes which wltl eventually lead to
a disregard for the blessings our country af
fords them. Hence, with an Increase of
wages a corresponding movement for bet
ter manhood, nobler citizenship, and truer
Christianity should be set on foot. The
dignity of labor should be maintained, whtch
can be done only through the love that a
man should have for his work, and through
the intelligence which he puts Into It. A
steady hand and sober mind are necessary
for "this. Hence, the necessity ot the tem
perance cause and of the efforts which or
ganized abstainers are putting Into the
Virtue Sometimes Own Reward.
Now, in what is here written this priest
does not mean that the tendency is to grow
worse; but he means that with shorter
hours and Increased wages there Is a ten
dency to go wrong which must be offset by
movements such as this great temperance
movement and similar efforts for social and
civic betterment, or else the increase In
leisure and money will, prove a curse In
stead of a blessing. I strive never to tell
.(Concluded on Page 4.)
SPOKANE RATE IS
Washington Railroad Commis
sioners Hear Many Com
plaints at Colfax.
CITY GIVEN BEST OF IT
Shippers From Neighboring Towns
Are Forced to Pay Double Price
on Goods Sent to the
COLFAX, Wash., Aug. lOt (Special.)
The State Railroad Commission met here
today to consult with patrons of the rail
roads in regard to complaints against the
roads. Chairman Falrchild, Commissioner
McMillan and Secretary Lysons were
here. Commissioner Lawrence Is In the
The board met a number of shippers of
Colfax and neighboring towns. Many
complaints were made" against the rail
roads for giving Spokane a better rate to
neighboring towns than Is given from
these towns to Spokane. This rate has
long been in effect and is called the
"wholesalers' " rate. It Is about half as
much from Spokane to neighboring points
as from these points to Spokane.
The board took a good deal of testi
mony and promised an immediate Inves
tigation. Should this rate be changed. It
will be a body blow to Spokane's whole
Miller Pays Double Price.
J. T. Lobaugh, a miller of Pullman,
brought up the matter by a letter to the
board some time ago, in which he told
of being charged 11 cents per 100 pounds
for shipping some mill rolls from Pull
man to Spokane for repairs, and but 25
cents for their return to Pullman. He
a0 charged that the rate on flour from
Pullman to Spokane is doublo that from
Spokane to Pullman, and that his homo
flour trade Is being Injured by Spokane
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
YESTERDAY'S- -Maximum temperature. 70
dec.; minimum. 55.
TODjyVS Pair and slightly warmer., North
The Peace Conference.
Japan presents terms and Witte sends them
to Czar. Page 1.
Russian envoys consider terms harsh, but
will continue negotiations. Page I.
Conterenee adjourns to Monday to await
Russian reply- Page 1.
Japanese authority says Russia cannot avoid
accepting terms. Page 1.
Jananese fleet will seize Siberian seal fish
eries. Pago 1.
Riga In state of revolt and under martial
law. Page 5.
Bulgarian bomb-makers help Russian rebels
Page 5. ''
Proclamation ef national assembly delayed
British and French sailors fraternize at
Portsmouth. Pago I.
France accuses Germany ot bad faith in Mo.
roccan affair. Page 1.
Secretary Taft speaks on relations of gov
ernment and church In Philippines.
Moore answers attacks on Weather Bureau.
President speaks to miners at Wllkesbarre.
James Hamilton Lewis says Chicago saloon
keepers offered him big bribe. Page L
Mayorvef Milwaukee denounces grand Jury.
Zelglers Arctic expedition rescued. Page 4.
Railroads refuse to consider arbitration with
operators. Page 3.
New Orleans mourns Archbishop Chapelle.
Increase of yellow fever coses. Page 3.
Portland defeats Los Angeles 4 to 2. Page 7.
Pacific Coast League scores Portland. 4. Los
Aagles 2; Seattle 6, San Francisco 4;
Tacoma -1. Oakland 8. Page 7.
Frank Gotrh. of Iowa, defeats Duncan Mc
Millan la three straight falls at Spokau.
Britt and Battling Nelson 4lgn for 25-round
fight before the Colma Athletic Club.
Tiverton defeats Sweet Marls at Buffalo.
Complaint made to Washington Railroad
Commission of special rates given Spo
kane. Page 1-
Meyorhauser negotiating for big timber tract
on Southern Oregon border. Page 6.
Salmon run is on In the Columbia. Pago S
Insane Lewi County farmer chokes himself
to death with handkerchief at asylum.
Threshing engine starts destructive fire In
Wasco County. Page 6.
J Commercial and Marine.
Ten-cent advance in sugar. Pace 15.
Attempt to break hop market falls. Page 1.'
Advance in local butter quotation. Page in.
Favorable conditions In metal trade. Page 15.
Government estimate of Winter wheat crop
Crop report cau-3 break In Chicago wheat.
Stock maaket affected by crop report and
peace talk. Page 15.
Reorganizing San Francisco dairy board.
Port of Portland changes drydock rules
Lewls and Clark Exposition.
Admissions, 17,47. Page 10.
Civics congress planned for Exposition.
Manufacturers of Portland will have day at
the Fair. Page 10.
Portland and Vicinity.
Pacific Coast Bar Association Is formed.
Detectives fall to take clew la robbery.
Pag a 9.
State Irrigation Association names reception
committee for National Congress. Page 10
Mayor Lane decides to discipline detectives
and police. Page 16.
Two fireman hurt en routo to fire. Page 11.
Senator Heyburn of Idaho declares he has
no quarrel with the administration. Page,
Detectives arrest four men and two women
. on suspicion. Paga 1L
competition, while ho cannot ship flour to
Codd & McKenzie. owners of the Colfax
electric light plant, submitted a long
written statement showing that since 1C01
they have bee nunable to obtain Roslyn
coal, which, they declare, is beat for
steam purposes, because the Union Pa
cific and O. R. & N. refuse to give a
Joint rate on Roslyn coal to points on
the O. R. & N., and that they are com
pelled to buy Wyoming coal, mined and
shipped by these roads at $7.50 per ton.
Investigation Is Promised.
The commissioners- tnanked these men
for this Information and declared it a
marked violation of existing laws, and
promised to Investigate at once. The
Joint-rate provision of the commission
bill expressly provides for such cases a3
this, and Chairman Falrchild declared the
abuse can and will be remedied.
Wilson Johnston complained that rail
roads In this state will not permit hogs
to be loaded in double-decked cars, but
permits hogs thus loaded in Omaha to be
snipped through this state at but $10 more
per carload than. Is charged Eastern
Washington shippers to Portland and Pu
get Sound points. The board asked Dr.
Johnston to mako a written statement of
this matter and promised to take imme
diate action on it.
Chairman Falrchild. of the commission,
made a long speech. In which he declared
that the board must have the entire con
fidence of the public and its hearty co
operation, "otherwise the commission will
be a failure. He declared there are many
abuses which can and will be remedied if
proper steps are taken.
Xo Action on Grain Hates.
No action was taken on grain rates.
The meeting was entirely Informal, but
much interest was shown, and many
heavy shippers made the acquaintance of
the members of the commission, who in
vited them to come before the board at
any time there was any complaint. The
commissioners left tonight for Spokane,
where they will spend two days before
proceeding to Deadwood, S. D., where
they will meet the National Association
of Railroad Commissioners and return
with them for a tour of Washington and
TO HE 01 ANOTHER
BRITISH AND FRENCH TARS
MAKE STRANGE SCENES.
While Admirals Are Dined In Lon
don, Crews Sing nnd Drink
Together at Portsmouth.
PORTSMOUTH, England. Aug. 10.
Scenes "unprecedented in a British naval
port were witnessed here toOay. The
French sailors for hours fraternized with
tlx British tars, the Bailors of the two
nations parading streets arm in arm,
singing the French and British national
LONDON, Aug. 10. VIce-Admlral Call
lard, Commander-in-Chief of the French
fleet, and eight of his officers arrived In
London this afternoon. Everywhere the
heartiest cheers greeted the visitors. At
the Guild Hall, which was reached about
1 o'clock, the Lord Mayor and Aldermen
in full state robes, welcomed the guests.
Eight hundred sat down to luncheon. Tho
toasts were full of cordiality.
After luncheon, the procession was re
formed and proceeded to the French Em
bassy, where Admiral Calllard gave a re
ception to members of the French colony..
GERMANY SHOWS BAD FAITH
Franco Donounces Loan to Morocco
as Violating Agreement.
PARIS, Aug. 10. The statement that
German bankers have advanced a per
sonal loan of $2,500,000 to the Sultan of
Morocco, although not confirmed officially.
Is arousing Indignant comment, coming
after assurances that the status quo was
to remain unaffected until the holdflng of
the International conference. It la point
ed out that the legality of the loan Is
contestable, the position of tho Sultan
since the last international conference
being similar to that of the Khedive of
Egypt (who reigned from 1S03 to 1S79) at
the period when tho powora Intervened
for the regulation of Egyptian finances In
order to prevent the personal extrava
gances of the Khedive.
Meanwhile Germany has not yet replied
to the last French note regarding the con
ference. This delay Is believed to bo due
to Germany's submitting the French
proposals to the Sultan before responding
According to semi-official advices; the
Sultan is showing more and more a
marked opposition to tho proposed con
ference and to any consideration of Mo
Russia Will Grant Concessions.
ST. PETERSBURG, Aug. 10. As the re
sult of the conference between Mr. Meyer,
the American ambassador, and the min
isters of finance and foreign affairs, there
is reason to believe that an understand
ing will be reached whereby the discrim
inating duties impjosed by Russia on
American machinery and tools and man
ufactures of steel and iron wiil soon be
Starvation Causes Bread Riots.
SEVILLE, Spain. Aug. 10. The condi
tion of the farming community in this
province is becoming desperate. Thou
sands of laborers without bread or other
food have been reduced to eating roots
of wild plants. Bread riots are reported
to have occurred at many places. The
local authorities aTe unable to cope with
the distress and are appealing to tho
central government for help.
American Cliff-Climber Killed.
PARIS, Aug; 13. Allen White, an
American, 18 years old, was killed to
day by a fall from the cliffs. He was
caught in the tide while walking- on
the beach and attempted to climb up
the rocks. He reached the summit of
the cliffs, but lost his hold and fell
100 feet. Death was Instantaneous.
Plague and Smallpox In Chile.
NEW YORK. Aug. 10. There are eight
cases of plague In Taltal, Province of Ata
cama. cables the Herald correspondent at
Valparaiso. Chile. The epidemic of small
pox In Valparaiso Is unchanged. Nearly
550 deaths have been recorded during the
last seven days.
He Could Make $100,000 by
Looking After Interests
TURNS DEAF EAR TO BRIBER
Chicago's New Corporation Counsel
Yields Not to Wiles of Tempter,
Who Wishes to Keep Bars
Open. Alter Hours.
CHICAGO, Aug. 10. (Special.) 1 have
been told that there would bo at least
$100,000 in it for me. if I looked after tha
Interests of tho saloonkeepers who vish
to keep their places open attar hours,"
So said Corporation Counsel James
Hamilton Lewis today in a general talk
concerning the difficulties attending the
proper administration of his office. Ha
Intimates that he was within touch of a
veritable gold mine, if ho listened to tha
whispers of men who wanted him to use
his Influence with Mayor Dunne, and that
fortune awaited him at any minute his
"pull" should be brought to play.
Just who tho men were who suggested
the $100,000 graft. Mc Lewis declined vtc
say. He also gave no details as to how
the money was to be raised by the sa
loonkeepers. It was rumored that possi
bly the gamblers Interested In the float
ing poolroom, tho City of Traverse, had
hinted at a possibility of revenue from
Laughed at Suggestion.
But Colbnol Lewis laughed at all sug
gestions of possible graft. He declared
he had forgotten that he ever had been
attorney for the DeForrest Wireless Tele
graph Company, which originally fur
nished race results to the City of Trav
erse, until he received a letter from Rvv.
W. H. Head, of the Asbury Methodist
Church, attacking- him for his opinion r
gardlng the limit of power of the polica
In stopping the gambling operations on
According to Colonel Lewis, the Cor
poration Counsel has a more strenuous
tlmo than the Mnyor ot Chicago, and he Is
battling every day to keep away sug
gestions that money could be us-d for his
Ho Had to Bo Obtuse.
"Several men have been to call on me,
and have told me I could make at least
$100,000, or a, fortune anyway, to aid In
stopping any raids on saloons which keep
open later than the law allows," said the
"These men said I could use my influ
ence as other men had done. I had t"
be obtuse, and pretend not to understand
what they were drlvlrur at. If I thought
they were serious. It would have meant
kicking off their ears, but It was a gen
eral hint that money could be maJ-3
through protection of the saloonkeepers."
MOORE PAYS GOOD WAGES
HEAD OF WEATHER BUREAU
Defends Management of Mbun
Weather Station From Attacks
of Eastern Papers.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 10,-Profassor Wil
lis L. Moore. Chief of the United States
Weather Bureau, today Issued a signed
statement denying allegations of graft It
the management of the Weather Bureau
station, in the Bluo Ridge Mountains,
near Bluo Mountain, disclaiming the ex
istence of any Irregularities In the ad
ministration of his office, and offering full
opportunity for the Investigation of any
specific charges by any person.
The articles aitneking Mr. Moore said
he paid unskilled laborers at the Mount
Weather station $3 a day, whilo wages
in Washington are only $1.50 and in tha
vicinity of Mount Weather only 75 cents
to $L He denied that $S a day has been
paid to unskilled labor, and refers to the
payrolls as proof. He says that men In
the vicinity of Mount Weather work from
sunrise to sunset for 50 cents a day and
board, or 75 cents without board, and con
demns such conditions. Ho says that,
with the approval of Secretary Wilson,
he established a wage ot $3 a day for
stonemasons. $2.50 for carpenters and $1.J
for common laborers, and established th
eight-hour day. He continues:
These wages are not high, and surely they
are not extravagant. Had we been employ
ing theso people In places where the cost o
living was high, the wages would have been
greater. If this Is evidence of extravagance
and bad management, it may as well be told
now that the wage scale of each and every
class of skilled and unskilled labor In tho
Weather Bureau has been materially in
creased during the past eight years by Sec
retary Wilson on my recommendation.
I believe that, wherever Government offi
cials lu any measure have been recreant o
their trusts, their records should be Inquired
into and they be held to strict accountabil
ity, and I also believe that the greatest ene
mies of graft are the representatives ot th
Amorlcan press, who should be given tre
access to the files and records of every pub
lic office. y
NEARLY 2,000,000 COME
Vast Floods of Immigrants From
Europe In Three Years.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 10. Acting Secre
tary Murray, of the Department of Com
merce and Labor, today received a report
from Collector Stranahan. of New York,
showing during tho last three fiscal
years ended June 30, 1905, from the ports
of Europe 1.932,934 steerage passengers
embarked for New York, of whom -123
died on tho voyage, or about 22 deaths per