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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 12, 1905)
VOL. XLV.-T0. 13,940.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 12, 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
i VITAL ISSUE!
President's Speech at
WARNING IS GIVEN TRUSTS
Turns to Them After .Talking
on Monroe Doctrine.
DRASTIC LAW MAY PASS
Big Corporations' Illegal Schemes to
Escape Punishment Santo Do
mingo's Dishonest Creditors
Try to Defeat Treaty.
CHAUTAUQUA, N. T., Aug. 11 Presi
dent Roosevelt today delivered a most
vigorous and significant spoeoh at the
Chautauqua Assembly, dealing with the
Monroe dectrino and the relations of
the Government to trusts and corpora
tions. On the former subject he made
plain his views that in order to maintain
the Monroe dectrine it is necessary that
tho United States must use its Influ
ence to cause the other American re
publics to live up to their obligations, and
applied this principle at length to the
case of Santo Domingo. He said plainly
that some claimants against that re
public, whose claims were not Just, were
using their influence to kill or nullify tho
treaty In the Senate. In regard to trusts,"
Ijo accused them of defying or obstructing
the law and warned them that. If they
persisted in fhls policy, they might pro
voke more drastic legislation than he
himself would prefer. Ho insisted on the
Tieed of laws providing closer suDor
Tvlslon of interstate corporations.
Given Chautauqua Salute.
"Let us give President Roosevelt the
Chautauqua salute at its best."
With these words, Bishop John H. Vin
cent today closed his brief introduction
of the President to the Chautauqua As
sembly. Instantly,., .10,000 white handker
chiefs fluttered in the air over the heads
of the vast audience In the great ampi
thcater. It was an inspiring sight and,
as President Roosevelt stepped forward
smiling, the audience rose as one person
and cheered. The President began his
address at 11:05.
President Roosevelt arrived here at 8:45
A. II. on a special car over tho Chau
tuqua traction line. The Presidential train
arrived at Lakewood at 2:05 A. M., over
the Brie Railroad and was placed upon a
siding. The trip from Bast Waverly, the
last previous stop, was without special
Incident. During the night, after the ar
rival of the train at Lakewood, one of the
Secret Service officers was robbed of a
valuable watch while asleep.
At 7 o'clock President Roosevelt ap
peared on tho platform of his car for a
breath of fresh air. The rain, which had
been falling for several hours, was then
coming down in torrents, and the hills
about Lakewood reverberated with almost
continuous rolls of thunder. The Chau
tauqua committee, composed of Bishop
John H. "Vincent, Dr. George T. Vincent,
Ira Miller and J. C Neville, waited upon
President Roosevolt at 7:30. After an ex
change of greetings, the President was
escorfed to a private car on the trolley
line and the short trip to the assembly
grounds was begun. As early as 8 o'clock
fully 10,000 persons had assembled
at the camp theater to secure' seats..
The route over which the President was
to come to the grounds had not been
made public, and only a few hundred peo
ple greeted him when the car arrived at
the road gate. The party at once entered
.carriages and were escorted to the Hlg
glns Hall, where a breakfast was given
by the Chautauqua trustees.
Young America Recognized.
The breakfast was served in tho depart
ment of domestic science, the waiters
being young women of well-known Chau
tauqua families. At 9:30 the President
and party were taken for a 30-mlnute
drive through the Chautauqua grounds,
eecorted by a guard of honor from the 13
separate companies. As the President
alighted from his carriage he discovered
a. bright 2-year-old child waving an
American flag in the arms of his father.
"Ah," said the President, "here Is a
little Chautauquan who is going to grow
into a good American citizen."
To the delight of the father and mother,
the President chucked the young Amer
ican under the chin.
Through a line of 800 boys and girls the
President was escorted to the assembly
amphitheater, his way being strewn with
flowers. Bishop Vincent introduced, him
to the great audience in a few simple
sentences. The President was given an
oration. He spoke as follows:
Defines Monroe Doctrine.
Today I wl6h to speak to you on onS fea
ture of our National foreign policy and one
feature of our National domestic policy.
The Monroe Doctrine Is not a part of in
ternational law. But It Ik the fundamental
feature of our entire foreign policy so far
as the "Western Hemisphere is concerned,
and It has more- and more been meeting
with recognition abroad. The reason why
It Is meeting with this recognition is be
cause we have not allowed it to become fos
silized, but have adapted our construction
of It to meet tho growing, changing needs
of this hemisphere. Fosslllzatlon, of course,
means death, whether to an individual, a
government, or a doctrine.
It Is out of tho question to claim a right
and yet shirk the responsibility for exer
cising that right. "When we announce a
policy such as the Monroe .Doctrine ' w
thereby commit ourselves to -accepting th
consequences, of the policy, and these con
sequences from time to time alter.
t us look for a moment at 'what the
Monroe Doctrine really Is. it forbids the
territorial encroachment of non-American
powers on American soil. Its purpose !
partly to secure this Nation against reelnc
great military powers obtain new foothold
in the "Western Hemisphere, and partly to
secui to our fellow-republics south of us
the chance to develop along their own line
without being oppressed or conquered by
non-American powers. As we have grown
more and more powerful our advocacy of
this doctrine has been received with mer
and more respect; but what has tended
most to give the doctrine standing- among
the nations is our growing willingness to
show that we not only mean what we say
and are prepared to back it up, but that
we mean to recognize our obligations to
foreign peoples no less than to insist upon
our own rights.
now to Maintain Monrorlsm.
"We cannot permanently adhere to the
Monroe Doctrine unless we succeed In mak
ing it evident in the first place that we do
not Intend to treat It in any shape or way
as an excuse for aggrandizement on our
part at the expense of the republics to the
south of us; second, thai we do not Intend
to permit It to be used hy any of those re
publics as a shield to protect that republic
from the consequences of its own misdeeds
against foreign nations; third, that, inas
much as by this doctrine we prevent other
nations from interfering on this side of the
water, we shall ourselves in good faith try
to help those of our Bister republics, which
need such help, upward toward peace and
As regards the first point we must recog
nize the fact that in some South American
countries there has been much suspicion lest
we should interpret the Monroe Doctrine In
some way inimical to their interests. Now
let it be understood once for all that no
Just and orderly government on this conti
nent has anything to fear from us. There
are certain of the republics south of us
which have already reached such a point of
stability, order, and prosperity that they
arc themselxcs, although as yet hardly con
sciously, among the guarantors of this doc
trine. No stable and growing American re?
public wishes to see some great non-American
military power acquire territory in it
Will Not Crab Territory.
It is the Interest of all of us en this con
tinent that no euch event should occur, and
in addition to our own Republic there are
now already republics in the regions south
of us which have reached a point of pros
perity and power that enables them to bo
considerable factors in maintaining this doc
trine which Is so much to the advantage of
all of us. It must be understood that undor
no circumstances will the United States uee,
the Monroe Doctrine as a cloak for terri
torial aggrossJon. Should any of our neigh
bors, no matter how turbulent, how dlsrc
gardful of our rights, finally get Into such a
position that tho utmost limits of our for
bearance are reached, all the people south
of us may rest assured that no action will
ever be taken save what Is absolutely de
manded by our self-respect; that this action
will not take the form of territorial aggran
dizement on our part, and that it will only
be taken at all with the most extreme re
luctance and not without having exhausted
everj effort to avert It.
As to the second point. If a republic to the
south of us commits a tort against a foreign
nation, such, for instance, as wrongful ac
tion against the persons of citizens of that
nation, then the Monroe Dectrine does not
forco us to interfere to prevent punishment
of the tort, save to see that the punishment
does not Ulrectly or indirectly assume tho
form of territorial occupation of the offend
ing country. The case is more difficult when
the trouble cornea from the failure to meet
contractual obligations. Our own Govern
ment has always refused to enforce such
contractual obligations on behalf 'of its citi
zens by the appeal to arms. It Is much to
be wished that all foreign government
would take the same view. But at present
this country Would certainly not be wllllntf
to go to war to prevent a foreign govern
ment from- collecting a Just debt or to book
up some one of our !ter republics In a re
fusal to pay Just debts; and the alternative
may in any case prove to be that we shall
ourselves undertake to brlnsr about some
arrangement by which so much as is possiblo
of the Just obligations shall be paid. Per
sonally I should always prefer to see thl
country step In and put through auch fcn
arrangement rather than let any foreign'
country undertake it.
I do not want to see any foreign power
take possession permanently or temporarily
of the custom-houses of an American repub
lic in order to enforce Its obligations, and
the alternative may at any time bo that wc
"shall be forced to do so ourselves.
Ethics Among Nation.
Finally, and what is In my view really
the njost Important thing of all. it is our
duty, so far as we are able, to try to help
upward our weaker brothers. Just as there
has been & gradual growth of the ethical
element In the relations of one Individual to
another, so that with all the faults of our
Christian civilization it yet remains true
that we are, no matter how slowly, more
and more coming to recognize the duty of
bearing one another's burdens, rlmllarly I
believe that the ethical element is by de
grees entering into the dealings of one na
tion with another.
Under strain of emotion caused by sudden
disaster this feeling is very evident A
famine or a plague In "one country brings
much pympathy and some assistance from
other countries. Moreover, we are now be
ginning to recognlzo that weaker peoples
have a claim upon us, even when the appeal
Is made, not to our emotions by some sudden
calamity, but to our consciences by a long
continuing condition of affairs.
I do not mean to eay that nations have
more than begun to approach the proper re
lationship one to another, and I fully recog
nize the folly of proceeding upon the as
sumption that this ideal condition can now
be realized in full for. in order to proceed
upon such an assumption, we would first
require some method of forcing recalcitrant
nations to do their duty, as well as of see
ing that they are protected in their rights.
In the Interest of Justice, It is as neces-
(Concluded on Page 4.)
STRONG POINTS OF ROOSEVELTS SPEECH.
Tho Monroe Doctrine,
No Just and orderly government on this continent baa anything to fear from us.
Undor no olrcumstances will the United States use the Monroe Doctrine as a
cloak for territorial aggression.
If a republic to the south of us commits a tort against a 'foreign nation, the
Monroe Doctrine does not force us to interfere to prevent punishment.
This country would certainly not be willing to go to war to prevent a foreign
government from collecting a Just debt. I
f do not want to see any foreign power take possession of the custom-houses
of an American republic and tho alternative may be that wo shall "be forced
Io do so ourelvcs. x
The ethical element is by degrees entering Into tho dealings of one nation
with another. t
If It meets the views of the Senate, we shall ourselves thoroughly examine
all claims (against Santo Domingo) and see that none that are improper are
Some of the creditors who do not 'dare expose their claims to honest scrutiny
are endeavoring to stir up opposition to the treaty both, in Santo Domingo and
here, trusting that it may be possible to secure either the rejection of the
treaty or else Its amendment in such fashion as to be tantamount to rejection.
If the arrangement is terminated, chaos will follow; and If chaos follows this
Government may be involved in serious difficulties with foreign governments
over the Island, or may be forced to intervene in the island.
The Corporations. ,
8ome corporations, and very wealthy ones at that, exhaust every effort
which can be suggested by the highest ability, or secured by the most lavish
expenditure of money, to defeat the purposes of the laws on the statute books.
Many of these combinations by secret methods and by pretraot'ed litiga
tion are still unwjsely seeking to avoid the consequences of their illegal action.
It has become our conviction that in some cases, such as that of at least
certain of the beef packers recently Indicted in Chicago, it is impossible longer
to show leniency. -
Further legislation may bo more drastic than I would prefer. Jf so. It must
be distinctly understood that it will be because of the stubborn determination of
some of the great combinations In striving to prevent the enforcement of the
lar as it stands, by every device, legal and Illegal.
Either they will have to submit to reasonable supervision and regulation by
the National authorities, or else they will ultimately have to submit to govern
mental action of a far more drastic type.
I believe that all corporations engaged in Interstate commerce should be
under the supervision of the National Government.
Tho only way effectively to meet this attitude on their part is to give to
the executive department of the Government a more direct and therefore
more efficient supervision and control of their management. Our Ideal must be
the effort to combine all proper freedom forMridlvldual effort with some guar
antee that the effort Is nojt exercised in contravention of the eternal and "immu
table principles of Justice.
YIELD TO F
Major Dashes, at His Wife's
Scoffing Nephew in the
HIS STORY OF WEDDED LIFE
Recital of Scries of Intrigues Be
tween AVlfe nnd Other 3Icn.
Roosevclt's Nephew Among
Her Alleged 1orers.
VoOSTER, O., Aug. 1L (Special.)
Sorrow was turned to fury in Major Tag
gart's heart so quickly by a laugh this
afternoon that a physical onceufftor be
twoon him and C. R. Vosc, his wife's
nephew, who is an Assistant Army Sur
geon, was narrowly averted. Taggart, in
reciting how his family was spirited away
from him at Fort Loavonworth, was
moved to tears. Instantly the Major
sprang at the ma: who had offended
him, and for a minuteJudge, 'lawyers and
newspaper men had to restrain the wit
ness. Vose was reprimanded by the
Major Taggart occupied the stand the
on tiro day, and laid bare the secrets of
his married life, bringing in tho names
of a Colonel of the United States Army,
numerous Captains and XJcutenants and
Ho was forced to warn bis wife, ho
said,' against associating with Clinton
Spencer, of Chicago. He often had words
with his wife regarding her association
with .Captain Bash, and Anally he se
cured from her, he said, a promise to
have nothing more to do with him, when
later, he testified, she came home at 2
o'clock In the morning, being escorted to
the door by Captain Bash, and he shook
and slapped his wife to make her tell
whore she had been.
Colonel Miner's Falling.
VAt Fort Leavenworth, the witness said
Mrs. Taggart, after a dinnor one ovonlng,
told Miss Berry and the witness how
Colonel A. C Miner, Tag part's superior
officer, had made her leg sore from the
knee up by rubbing his leg against hers
under the table, how another woman had
the same experience with Miner, and
that the woman at the post all nicknamed
him "the Leg-Feeler."
"Colonel Miner afterward offered" her a
rose and asked to come and see her somo
time , when I was away," said TaggartC
"I asked my wife about tho truth of tho
story. She admitted the truth, but said:
The old fool was drunk. I then threat
ened to take a gun and blow his brains
Mrs. Taggart laughed heartily at this
"After some further conversation we
agreed to say nothing more about it and
protect Mr. Minor and the family," said
"I saw my wife and Colonel Minor walk
ing in the street together. "1 thought the
Colonel acted in a most frivolous manner
and that a man of that character de
served to be killed."
Captain Bash Found Out.
Major Taggart said he knew Captain
Bash both in the States and in Manila.
He said: "I told Mrs. Taggart that, as
I loft the house one day one of the
servants said to me: 'Why don't you
stay at home in the afternoons? The
third time the servant said: 'If you
would come home at 3 o'clock, you
would find things that are not right,
that a man came to my, house after I
wont away and left bo fore I came
"About ten days after this I saw
Bash at my front door. He came in his
carriage as we were starting for a
drive. Mrsl Taggart and one of the
children went with Captain Bash. Miss
Shields, the other child and I went in
the other carriage. Wc went to tho
band concert, and after that to the of
"When I went home Bash's carriage
was at the gate." Some, words passed
and I ordered Bash to leave and not
come back. Mrs. Taggart snid, if she
had been Mr. Bash, she'd have given ma
a good thrashing- for. talking as I did.
We became very angry and I forbade
her having anything' to do with Cap
tain Bash. She became hysterical. She
promised me afterward to keep away
Good Night at 3 A. M.
"Again, early In August, I came home
late from theoffice. Mrs. Taggart had
gone driving-. I retired about 1 o'clock.
About 3 A. M. I was awakened by a
knocking- on the front door. I heard
Mr. Bash say goodnlgh't. She admitted
It was she. I questioned her about
where she had been. She refused to
say. I shook her nnd slapped her on the
left cheek with the tips ofmy fingers.
She said she had been driving. I told
her I npw believed what I heard about
her relations with Bash. She once more
promised never to go with Bash again.
Drunk and Fled Upstairs.
He then detailed the story of how
Lieutenant Fortescue brought Mrs.
Taggart home Intoxicated at 1:30 on
the morning; of July 1, 1903. She re
fused to give an account of herself and
started to run up stairs, when he
grabbed her and pulled both of her
skirts off. She Jerked away and ho
pulled the sleeves off her waist. Lieu
tenant Fortescue is said to be a
nephew of President Roosevelt. '
Major Tassart said he had especially
forbidden his wife to associate with
Clinton J. Spencer, of Highland Park,
I1L, as no woman had a reputation after
being- seen with Spencer.
The courtroom was crowded to suffo
cation all - of tho day, a majority of
those present being women, who craned
their necks and stretched their ears not
to mlsj -a" syllable of the salacious testimony.
Mrs. Taggart Gains n Point.
WOOSTER. Or., Aug. 11. At the
opening- of court today in the Taggart
divorce case. Judge Easton, citing- au
thority of the Ohio Supreme Court,
ruled out the testimony of Detectives
Mabo and Morris, by whom the plaintiff
expected to. show misbehavior on Mrs.
Taggarfs part The ground was that
the young man In question, son of a
Wooster clergyman, had not been
named in the pleadings.
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
TESTERDATS Maximum temperature, SO
dog.; minimum, 3S.
TODAT'S Fait. "cth-st winds,-
The Prace Conference. .
Wllte positively rejects two of Japanese con
- dltiens. Page 1.
Russian reply to be considered Monday.
Japanese delegate says Japan wilt not yield
a point from terms offered. Page 4.
Russian opinion united against terms.
Witte scores a point on credentials. Page 4.
Heavy vote expected on referendum In Nor
way. Page 4.
Story of Flala'a expedition In Arctic. Pago 2.
President Roosevelt makes vigorous speech
on Monroe Doctrine and trusts. Page 1.
Government Irrigation scheme on Upper Co
lumbia. Page 0.
Taft explains Government policy to Fili
pinos. Page 3.
Roosevelt tells China boycott Is violation of
treaty. Page 3.
Governor Folk fears to leave Missouri lejt
gambling revive. Page 1.
Senator Bailey defends Southern statesmen.
Major Taggart testifies in his divorce suit.
Many firemen terribly burned in New York.
Government surgeon at New Orleans takes
yellow fever. Page 6.
Hani man arranges with engineer for build
ing Oregon roads. Page 3.
Perham gives telegraphers' version of strike.
Los Angeles defeats Portland. Pago 11.
George Luders wins Junior singles at Vic
toria, B. C.. regatta. Page 11.
Pacific Coast League scores: Iki s Angeles 5.
Portland 3; San Francisco 8, Seattle 3:
Tacoma 3, Oakland L. Page 11.
Gus Ruhlln knocks out Jim McCormlck In
ISth round of poor exhibition. Page 11.
Mystery of Aberdeen factory building Is ex
plained. Page 5.
Benton's offer to turn state's evidence In
land-fraud cases Is refused by Govern
ment officials. Page 4-
Democrats figuring" on successor to Judge
Bean, should he be promoted. Page 5.
Forest fires choke miners In Mulien, Idaho,
mine. Page S.
Toppenlsh. Wash-, School , Clerk accused of
using school money. Page 5.
Woman entombed in Montana glacier two
hours. Pago- 5.
Commercial aad Marino.
Hopbuyers turn their attention to Washing
ton. Page 13.
Russian crop news stimulates Chicago wheat
prices. Page 18
Active grain speculation ax San Francisco.
Irregular strength of stocks at New York.
Favorable reports by mercantile agencies.
Two steamships chartered to load barley at
Portland; for Japan. Page 11..
Lewis and Clark Kx posit a.
Admissions. 10.107. Page 12.
Oakland. Berkeley and Alameda day at
Fair. Page 12.
Sunday-school children of First Presbyter
ian Church received no badges. Page 12-
Portland and Vicinity. ,
Mayor Lane demands Investigation of De
tectives Kerrigan. Snow and Hartman.
and hearing will be today. Page 1.
Plana arranged for Irrigation Congress.
Dr. Hope asks Bishop Morris for hearing In
Lloyd controversy, but It Is denied on the
ground that be and other protestors acted
within the law. Page S.
Exposition will bring witnesses from Seattle
to prosecute men arrested at the Fair.
Chief Grltxmacher saves Detective Day from
whipping- Page 7.
Erickson c&ae a test and music goes on In
resorts. Page S.
Spencer by affidavit denies District Attorney
Manning's sworn statement. Pace 14.
Wholesale removals made by Mayor Lane.
D ETEGTiVES ON
THE CHILL NOW
They Must Face the Police
Commission to. Answer
THREE MEN ARE INVOLVED
Kerrigan and Snow Must Explain
Lapse In Mitchell. Case and
Hnrtman Junket to Chicago
When Ordered Back.
DETECTIVES FACE TRIALS.
Scandals and allegations of .startling
misconduct on the part Of Detectives
Kerrigan and Snow have been offi
cially brought to tho attention of tho
Board of Commissioners by Mayor
Lane ana at a meeting to be held
this afternoon the officers will have
to explain why they neglected to bring
witnesses into the Municipal Court to
prosecute Francis Mitchell, charged
with larceny In a dwelling.
"Why I was gone to Chicago for two
weeks without leave of absence from
the Chief, and why I failed to com
municate with him during that time,"
will be the theme on which Detective
Hartmnn will talk before the Police
Patrolman Peterson will be tried on.
a charge of brutality.
Detectives Kerrigan and Snow; of the
headquarters staff, will have to explain
their conduct in the case of Francis
Mitchell to Mayor Lane and tho Police
Commissioners at a session to be held
this afternoon in the City HalL Detec
tive Lewis Hartman will also be pres
ent to tell why he spent two weeks in
the East without communicating- to tha
department, or having- leave of ab
sence. Mayor Lane stated yesterday that
Detectives Kerrigan and Snow would
Detective Frank Snow.
Photo by Davis.
have to clear themselves of the charge
of neglecting to produce witnesses in
the Francis Mltcnell case, when It was
called In the Municipal Court Thursday,
for the third time.
Arrest of Mitchell.
Mitchell was arrested by Detectives
Kerrigan and Snow and by them
charged with larceny In a dwelling.
This occurred Monday, and that night
the prisoner secured a spoon which he
used In an effort to tunnel out of his
cell. He nonrly succeeded, but was de
tected by a policeman. He had previ
ously escaped from the City Jail at Ta
coma, where he "was serving a term of
60 days on the rockpile.
A ladlos' gold watch was found con-
cealed in Mitchell's sock when he was
searched at police headquarters. That
it was stolen, is thought to be certain.
However, the direct count against him
was the theft of a watch and $15 in
money from, the room of Leroy. Berry,
in the Ross House.
Mitchell was taken -into, the Munici
Dctectlvo John Xerrigaa.
pal Court three times by Deputy Dis
trict Attorney Haney, the third time
being discharged by Judge Cameron
for lack of evidence. Detectives Ker
rigan and Snow -failed for three days
to bring- Berry Into court, and the
prosecution was compelled to dismiss.
There is still a chargo of vagrancy
In their own defense," Kerrigan and
Snow state that they did their best to
convict Mitchell, but that Berry, the
complaining witness, could not be
found. They state that he Is working
on a river steamer, and Chat although
word was left for him to appear in
court against the man alleged to havo
robbed him, he failed to do so. Thi3 will
be the defense set up by the detectives
when they appear before the police
Detective Hartmnn's Excuse.
Deteutive Hartman is the member of
tho staff who was sent to Chicago after
a prisoner, was wired the first day out
that the man had been released on
habeas corpus proceedings and to re
turn to Portland. A telegram was sent
him at Arlington, Or., in care of tne
train conductor, but Chief Grits
mucher received no reply. Two weeks
passed without a word from Hartman,
although Mrs. Hartman received occa
Detective Hartraan's defense 13 that
he never received the telegram sent
him in care of the conductor, and that
he did not-wire from Chicago for fear
his message would be read and his ef
forts to recapture his man be rujned.
He also declares he wrote a letter to
the Chief, but" the latter never re
Patrolman Ben Peterson will oIbo
have a trial this afternoon. He is
charged with brutality, it being alleged
that he slapped a man on North Third
street without any provocation. Peter
son is a new officer.
FEARS LIO W COME OFF
FOLK MAY ABANDON TRIP TO
Gamblers, Bookmakers and Sunday
Law Violators Might Brcut
Out in His Absence.
JEFFERSON CITY, Aug. 11. (Spe
cial.) Although all arrangements havo
been made for a two weeks' trip to
Portland and other points of interest
in the West for Governor and Mrs.
Folk and the Governor's military staff,
to begin September 10, it Is improbablo
that the chief executive will be one
of the party, notwithstanding he has
been led to look with pleasurable an
ticipations upon such a tour.
Two weeks Is a long term, of ab
sence for a Democratic Governor with
a Republican Lieutenant-Governor in
charge of the executive branch of gov
ernment and a stato full of scheming
politicians to Invent and execute a
troublesome coup. With the state
closed tight on Sunday, gambling and
horse racing- stopped, there Is held to
be danger In the Governor's leaving
the saloon elements, alone for two
ADMIRAL BEMHAM IS DEAD
Hero or RIo Janeiro nnd Member of
Schley Inquiry Court.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 11. The death
of Rear-Admirat Andrew E. K. Ben
ham, retired, at Lake Mohopae. N. Y.,
was reported to the Navy Department
today. He was a member of the Schley
Court of Inquiry.
Andrew Elllcott Kennedy Bonham was
born In New York, April 10 1S82, and
married Emma H. Seaman in 1863. He
was appointed to the Navy from New
York in 1847 and in the succeeding four
years served in the East India squadron
and assisted iry the capture of a piratical
Chinese junk, in which action he was
slightly wounded. He served In the home
squadron in 1S51-2 and at the Naval
Academy in the following year, being
promoted to be passed midshipman in
June. 1S53. He was commissioned lieu
tenant in 1S55. lieutenant-commander in
1S62, captain in 1S75, commodore in 1SS3,
rear-admiral in February. 18C0.
During the Civil War Admiral Benham
served in the South Atlantic and West
ern Gulf blockading squadrons and took
part In the battle of Port Royal and oth
er engagements. He was In command of
one of tho divisions In the Naval display
near New York In April. 1S93.
The event which 'contributed most re
cently to Admiral Benham's fame was
his action during the Naval revolt of Ad
miral Mello at Rio Janeiro In 1KM. He
was in command of the American squad
ron there and, when Mello's fleet fired
on American merchant vessels, compelled
it to desist by threatening to shoot and
to raise the blockade of the city. He
was a member of the Court of Inquiry into
the conduct of Admiral W. S. Schley at
Santiago and was a prize commissioner
at Savannah, Go., in 1SSS. He was re
tired in April. ISM.
FOUR DEATHS FROM HEAT
Combination of Humidity Kills Ghl
cagoans on Streets.
CHICAGO, Aug. 1L Four persons died
In this city as a result of the heat and
23 others were prostrated. The mercury
did not rise above 90 on tho street level,
but the high humidity made the day ex
Eighty-seven degrees was the maximum
recorded by the Weather Burrau. No
relief Is promised for tomorrow or the
Negro Burned at Stake.
SULPHUR SPRINGS, Tex..' Au 11.
In the public Courthouse Square, chained
to a stake and surrounded by an immense
crowd of excited Tcxans, James Williams,
a negro, was burned at the stake today.
Officers made little attempt to save him
from the mob. Williams attempted a
criminal assault on the 14-year-old daugh
ter of a widow living near Sulphur
Springs. The attempted crime was com
mitted this morning at a house near
where the widow lived. An hour later
the town was notified and roused, and
armed horsemen went in pursuit. In
every direction they sought their quarry
until Anally one posse overtook him and
brought him back.
Refuses to Give Up
Money or Territory.
PEAG PROSPECT IS BLACK
Witte Will Deliver Reply to
JAPANESE WILL NOT YIELD
One of Their Delegates Snys Komura
Would Be Murdered on Return
If He Conceded Either
HERLW, Ausr. 12. The I.oknl Anxel
KerVi correspondent at Portsmouth, N.
11., cable that he nuked Mr. AVItte If
the Jnpnnene temin presented d bajila
for continuing: the ncRotlntlonfi and Mr.
AVItte answered: "Ccrtnlnly."
PORTSMOUTH, N. H.. Aug. 11. Rus
sla's reply to the Japanese terms of peace
will be delivered by Air. Witte to Baron
Komura at 9:30 o'clock tomorrow. Tha
reply Is written, there being two texts
one In French, the other In English. Upon
the two crucial points. Indemnity and tho
cession of the Island of Sakhalin, the re
ply Is an absolute nonpossumus. Other
points are accepted as a basis for discus
sion, while others are accepted condi
tionally. The reply is rather long, because. In
enumerating the conditions on which dis
cussion I3 admitted and those on which
consideration Is declined, reasons and ar
guments are given. The Japanese pleni
potentiaries are expected to ask for an
Immediate adjournment to examine and
prepare their reply. Mr. Witte will prob
ably Intimate that. the Russian plenipo
tentiaries expect the Japuncse to display
as much expedition as they, "tho Rus
sians, have shown in the preparation of
Jheir response." Monday, therefore, is ex
pected to be the day on which the real
discussion of the negotiations will begin.
Neither side wants to indulge in diplo
matic sparring; The tlmo for fencing Is
over and less than a week must decide
whether a basis of peace is possible.
The tactics of . tho Japanese are In
scrutable. They have shown throughout
the war their ability to guard their se
crets, military, naval and diplomatic, and
now not tho remotest clue comes from
behind their closed doors as to whether
they are prepared to make substantial
concessions Silence and secrecy arc their
watchwords. But, should the conditions
as submitted constitute their last word,
hope of peace may be regarded as hav
ing, disappeared, If the feeling reflected
In Russian circles Is a true criterion.
And that no substantial concessions on
the main issues will be made is the be
lief both in Russian and Japanese circles.
Pessimism In Both Camps.
Tonight in the inner camps of both
plenipotentiaries the deepest pessimism
reigns. Mr. Witte, It Is positively known,
believes tho prospects of an agreement
are so remote as to be practically nlll.
He has no desire to prolong the agony
and. Instead of fencing when the envoys
come together after tho Jnpunose have
had the opportunity to examine the re
ply, there is strong reason to believe he
will not only welcome but will Insist upon
an Immediate discussion of all the pro
posed bases. So pessimistic is he that he
has already been talking to his colleagues
of his plans when the rupture come. Be
fore sailing for home he contemplates a
brief visit to Chicago.
That the- Japanese terms, in so far aa
they touch the main points, will not be
withdrawn or materially modified Is the
opinion of the most competent Japanese
authority on the ground who will talk
for publication, namely. Mr. Julel Kara
pel Matsumoto. a member of the Japanese
Parliament, who is hero as financial emis
sary of Japan, and who I& In close com
munication with Baron Komura and Mr.
Takahlra. The reasons ho assigns are
Would Kill Komura for Yielding.
"The conditions In their broad out
lines." said he to the Associated Press
correspondent tonight, "have been sub
stantially known to us in Japan, and tha
Russians will be very much mistaken if
they Imagine the Japanese will not insist
upon the two chief points the Indemnity
and the cession of Sakhalin. The surren
der of either Is Impossible. If Baron Ko
mura should yield on these points, public
feeling in Japan would be so strong that
he would be murdered upon his return to
Japan. Wo must be reimbursed for the
cost of the war, and wo have national
claims to Sakhalin which we have never
"About 200 years ago the Island waa
explored by a Japanese, Juzo Konda. who
occupied and. called it Karafuto. the name
bestowed upon It by the aboriginal Ino
race, who at that time also Inhabited the
.Island of Hokkaido. Finally it was dis
covered by a Russian Captain, who oc
cupied it in the name of Russia. Japan
protested, and a long, desultory negotia
tion followed. But Japan then was weak.
She had neither army nor navy, nor In
ternal organization. Indeed, she was al
most on the verge of revolution. Japan
could not resist, and the upshot of the
whole matter was that Russia one day
ended the controversy by announcing that
she would take Sakhalin and give Japan
(Concluded, on Paga 41