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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 23, 1905)
THE MOHMIMO ORKGOSIAI?. THUBSDAT, MARCH 23, 1903.
Entered at the Postoface at Portland. Or..
' as second-clan matter.
INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE.
(By II all or Express.)
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Dally without Sunday, six months S.80
Dally without Sunday, three months .... 1-95
Dally without Sunday, per month -- 65
Eunday, per year ...................... 2.00
Eunday. six months ................... 1-00
Sunday, three months 60
Ually -without Sunday, per week....... .15
Dally per wek. Sunday Included -20
THE "WEEKLY OREGOXAN.
(Issued Every Thursday.)
Weekly, per year ..................... 1-60
Weekly, six months .75
Weekly, three months 50
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PORTLAND, THURSDAY, STARCH 23, 1805.
UNCLE SAM AND VENEZUELA.
Our "present contention -with Vene
xuela, of -which we hear so much
.through the news reports of the day,
has arisen from the operations In that
country of the New York & Bermudez
Asphalt Company, which alleges that
It is about to he despoiled of its rights
by the Venezuelan government. The
company has a highly valuable "con
cession" from Venezuela, for which It
asserts It paid a. large sum; hut it
. Jill... . U 4tA
.country is now repudiating Its agroe
znent, and the United States is asked
-to Interpose, for protection of the prop
erty of its citizens. Attorney-General
Moody, It is announced, has furnished
an opinion In the case, to the effect
that the proceedings in the Venezuelan
courts, supported by the Castro govern
ment. Involving the asphalt company's
properties, have been so "Irregular" as
to amount practically to a denial of
justice. Judged by our standards
doubtless It Is so. Tet Is this a reason
why the United States should take up
Look at It. Certain Americans, fully
aware of the character of the govern
ment of Venezuela, went to that coun
try and got certain asphalt concessions,
jio doubt of great value. But now it Is
denied that thetreasury of the Venezue
lan government received any money In
payment. Very probably the officials
put It In their pockets. More than like
ly It was a transaction of bribery be
tween the company's agents and the
officials. Besides, it Is alleged that as
some part of the consideration the com
pany promised to make improvements
and to develop certain territory not In
the asphalt district; and, according to
the .statement of Venezuela, this has
not been done. Hence the Venezuelan
government Is disposed io treat the con
tract as forfeit and null, and the com
pany flies to the United States for the
"big stick." If this is the true
stale and statement of the case
we should keep the big stick at
jfaome and not Interfere at all unless
it shall appear that refusal or failure
of Venezuela to carry out Its agree
ment with the powers following The
Hague award would bring European
fleets upon the scene. In that event
we should have great Interest In the
affairs, fate and destiny of Venezuela:
for we shouldn't be willing to see any
European power take possession of that
Important country. Here Is the Monroe
Doctrine looming up at once-7-ln danger
This company, through extortions fa
miliar to -monopolies, has made enor
mous sums on asphalt, used, so largely
during recent years in the United
States. Now it calls upon the Govern
ment to protect its monopoly by send
ing Its warships to the scene. The un
fortunate feature of the whole case Is
that our Government not to protect
this monopoly and to enforce Its claims,
but in order to keep European nations,
pressing- on other matters, out of Vene
zuela will have to send a naval force
there. Nothing, however, could be
more repulsive than such necessity, in
such circumstances. But our action
ought to be put on the proper-ground.
If we Interpose at all it should be on
behalf of the Monroe Doctrine, not for
protection of this monopolistic asphalt
company. Speculators ought to be
taught the lesson that they can't do
this sort of thing with success. It is
not a question of protecting American
citizens in a foreign country, for which
pur Government is ready and should be
ready always to contend. What is
presented in this case is the question
whether speculators, seeking chances
abroad, and making contracts for gain
to themselves, with governments known
to be irresponsible and corrupt, are to
relS on the United States to protect
. them and to enforce their claims. When
men go to foreign countries for benefit
of their own pocketbooks. It would be
to the Interest of our taxpayers, and
' of International ethics, too. to .leave
- ,. these men tb. abide the result of their
peculation. Yet at. this time we may
now have to interfere, to keep other
nations out of Venezuela and save the
STATE AND CHURCH IX FRANCE.
It was Impossible that France should
always maintain the relations that have
existed during the last one hundred
years between herself and the church
that Is, the Church of Rome. In the
former time she could not maintain
longer the relations that had existed
for ten centuries between church and
state down to the Revolution. For the
Revolution was a protest both against
the principles of feudalism, political
and social, and the relations of church
and state; and it broke up both en
tirely. Then came the patchwork of
Napoleon's concordat, which allowed
the church, that had been utterly de
stroyed by the Revolution, to renew Its
existence on restricted terms, under
protection of the state, with its patron
age and control. Such arrangement,
while It was the best perhaps that could
have been effected at the beginning of
the last century. Is, however, so greatly
at variance with the modern-time spir
it, that it is a wonder that it has lasted
till now. However, It Is clear that it Is
now about to be terminated. The situa
tion has become utterly abnormal, both
to the government and its supporters,
including a majority of Catholics living
under the concordat. France cannot do
other therefore than move on to com
The single, all-Important question
throughout the Christian world, from
the day when Christianity was recog
nized by the state, has been the relation
between two utterly distinct powers, the
spiritual and the temporal, each claim
ing its share of control over the indi
vidual man. It is evident that this
relation could take only three forms:
The temporal authority may control the
spiritual, the spiritual authority may
control the temporal, or they may en
deavor to run equal and parallel. In
general Byzantium represented the first
of these three relations, Rome the eec
pnd; the effort to establish the third Is
represented by a series of concordats.
which mark in successive Ft ages the
failure of both the other plans. The
survival in some form or other of each
or all of these three Ideas in Christen
dom (except in America), is the stum
bling block of contemporary life. In
the nature of things men ought no
longer to consider the relations of
church and state. But this by no means
Implies that government can be indif
ferent to religion.
The English mind and habit are too
conservative and too slow to do things
by leaps, or at once in the downright
way; so disestablishment has been slow
In England and Is not yet fully accom
plished. But "they do these things bet
ter" at least otherwise "In France";
and the government now apparently
has a strong majority for dissolution
or abrogation of the Napoleonic con
cordat; that Is for complete and final
separation of church and state- The
churoh Itself Roman or Galilean
probably will not be averse to the
change. The spirit of the time. In
France, has passed far and away be
yond the principles of the concordat.
America holds the torch of light and
leading In the world for separation of
church and state; for America Is the
great exponent of the principles of the
As a contribution to the enlighten
ment of the President of the State Sen
ate, The Oregonlan submits the follow
ing comment made by Hon. George
Mayger, member for Columbia, in the
current issue of the Rainier Gazette:
"One normal school for this state is plenty.
The Idea of appropriating 52S.O00 for the Drain
Normal, which last year graduated only two
scholars, is preposterous."
"But you voted for the bill, Mr. Mayger," the
reporter reminded him.
"Certainly, sir; but it was a rank hold-up.
legislation which I had promised my constit
uents was endangered of being snowed under
by the normal school machine, unless I prom
lead to support their appropriation. Talk about
your machines," continued Mr. Mayger, "the
normal' school machine is the most powerful
tttlltical combination in th Legislature, and
they hold you up In broad daylight, and unless
you promise them assistance, there are 23 to
00 members who are on the outlook to get the
scalp of whatever legislation you may favor;
and they pretty nearly do that. too. You may
say for me that I am positively opposed to
more than one normal school under state pa
tron&ge and control."
All this shows how strangely a good
man may be mistaken. He must be
mistaken, since we find the following
In the March 9 letter of President Kuy
kendall in reply to the Yamhill refer
I am morally certain that there was no such
oomblnatlon. I am very sure that no member
of the Senate will claim that he was com-'
pelled to do the bidding of the normal school
people or imperil his legislation. During the
whole session. I did not near of any intimation
of an attempt to coerce anyone by a threat to
throw the normal vote against a man or a
This is reproduced for the instruc
tion of the member from Columbia,
since he is Imbued with the fancy that
he was hit, or In constant danger
of being hit by the mythical normal
6chool machine. Representative May
ger made a most satisfactory and use
ful representative.. Laboring under a
delusion that the Legislature was In the
grip of the normal schools, he steered
his legislative bark away from every
Flying Dutchman that hove in sight
from Polk, or Umatilla, or Douglas, or
Jackson, or Lane, or Benton Counties;
and he sailed safely into port with a
fine cargo of fish on other legislation.
He suffered from a veto or two, but
that Is irrelevant. The point is that
there was and Is no normal school ma
chine, or graft. Perhaps, too, there are
now no normal schools, though we may
anticipate events a little.
Tim STATE U NTYKRS 1 TY.
President Campbell, of the University
of Oregon, is quoted as havlnff said
that if the people, through the referen
dum, annul the appropriation for the
state Institutions, the State University
can continue its work, but not as effect
ively as it could have done with an
other building and with an extension of
Its general equipment.
.This is no doubt true, and the contin
gent fact as stated will be a matter cf
sincere regret in educational circles. If
the appropriation is held up with those
of the normals, however, it may per
haps result In the greatest good for the
greatest number the legitimate aim of
all law. That it will seriously cripple
the University of Oregon Is not to be
feared. The statement of President
Campbell Is clear upon this point. That
It will check the development of wise
and generous plans for the growth of
that institution cannot be doubted by
any one who has taken the trouble to
visit and give personal attention to Its
But this check, .though embarrass
ing, must of very necessity be but tem-
porary. A university that takes charge
of students. In the name of the state,
trains, educates and sends them out to
take their places in-an age of special-
izatlon In Industry, of keen competi
tion in professional life, and of exacting
requirements In the applied sciences,
cannot afford to fall behind on the
ways and means proposition. State
pride, if nothing else, forbids this.
There Is a strong sentiment through
out the state In favor of the State Uni
versity. This sentiment is in the very
nature of things based upon Intelli
gence that looks to results and stands
ready to supply the means. Further. It
is supported by civic pride, without
which a state makes slow and unsatis
factory advancement In any line. The
University of Oregon stands for the
state's estimate of Its 'own needs, pos
sibilities and powers In the work that
it has undertaken, or It stands for noth
ing. Private or sectarian colleges can
afford to crag along short on equip
ment, begging their way. Not so the
university for the support and useful
ness of which the name of the state Is
The appropriation dilemma is all the
old story of the chastisement and hu
miliation that befell good dog Tray,
transferred from the primer to the uni
versity curriculum. Illustrating in sim
ple, effective way the penalty of being
found in bad company.
riNANClAX. WONDER OF THE AGE.
The last issue of the New York Spec
tator contained one of the most re
markable financial statements ever pre
sented to the public. It was an elabor
ate table showing In detail the busi
ness of the American life insurance
companies for 1904, and the standing of
ninety of the principal companies at
the close of the last calendar year. The
totals shown by this statement are of
such vast proportions that It Is difficult
for the mind to grasp their full mean
ing or the bearing they must have on
industrial and financial conditions
throughout the country. The compa
nies mentioned by the Spectator had in
force at the close of business December
31. 1904, policies calling for the ultimate
payment of $12,537,538,793. Of this
amount, more than $2,467,000,000 of new
Insurance was written last year. Dur
ing the year policy-holders paid jn pre
miums to the value of ?4SS,1S9,303, and
Income from other sources brought the
total receipts for the year up to 559S,
952,745. an Increase of approximately
547,000,000 over the year previous. Policy-holders
and. their beneficiaries were
paid 5247,000,000, and the assets of the
companies on January 1 amounted to
the enormous sum of 52,506,956,999.
There is apparently nothing alarm
ing in these almost fabulous figures, as
it Is quite plain that the companies are
paying out under their contracts only
about one-tenth of their assets annual
ly, and the increase in the surplus re
serve is healthy. There are features,
however. In connection with the matter
which are quite portentous, for of the
total amount of assets shown on Janu
ary 1, 51,254,000,000, or more than one
half of the total. Is held by three big
New York companies. The largest of
these companies In 1S94 had assets of
5202,000.000, and in the comparatively
short space of ten years has Increased
them to 5440,000.000.
The assets of this company are pre
sumably good. They include stock In
four of the big banks of New York, in
six trust companies and In mortgage
companies, also investments in railroad
stocks and bonds. Two of these largest
companies hold more than a third In
terest in two of the greatest banks In
New York, and the financial power thus
granted through tho control of such
vast sums is greater than Is held by
any other organization on earth. But
the question arises as to the limit to
which this marvelous expansion may
run. Suppose the topllner of the Insur
ance world doubled Its assets in ten
years? Is it not reasonable to suppose
that the 5440.000.000 of 1904 will be in
creased to 5SSO.000.000 In 1914, and the
power of control In the great financial
institutions be Increased correspond
ingly? If all details of the investment of
these enormous resources were avail
able for policy-holders, and if the
money were not used for exploitation of
personal schemes of the trustees of
these assets, suspicion would never be
aroused; but there have recently been
murmurs not altogether calculated to
Inspire confidence. These suspicions
have at least been strengthened by the
actions of a prodigal spendthrift who
was at the head of one of the largest
companies, and there is a growing be
lief that the policy-holders should be
given more Information as to the part
their funds are playing In the explolta
.tlon of either "high" or "low" finance
enterprises. A little more publicity re
gardlng expense 'accounts would also
afford a clearer definition as tp what
is regarded as necessary current ex
penses, and what should go Into the
surplus reserve fund.
PUBLIC ROADS IN OREGON.
That the two days' session of the
Southern Oregon district convention of
the Oregon Good Roads Association
should have drawn so large and repre
sentatlve a gathering at Grant's Pass Is
not only of great present Interest to
the state, but Is a presage that pub
lic opinion is at last making Itself
heard on this most Important matter.
The townsman is Interested in good
roads Into the country. To the dweller
in the farmhouse, that he and his Xam
lly should be able to come and go freely
at all seasons of the year is vital.
The papers read at the recent conven
tlon show the practical bearing of the
questions raised. That "bad roads are
an indirect tax on agriculture and hor
ticulture" is now generally admitted.
But that the average cost -throughout
the Nation of 25 cents per ton for every
mile of farm products hauled by road
to market Is three times as great
as the cost of hauling over good
roads, and four times as great as the
cost of hauling over the best roads In
foreign countries, is bringing the cost
of bad roads very close to all of us.
If 25 cents per ton be the cost of haul
in? over the average road in the Uni
ted States, how much more it Is In Ore
gon is a question that can only be
answered by him who knows how long
an Oregon mile is In Winter time, with
no bottom to the road less than knee
deep to the horses. Winter hauling In
Western Oregon comes so near to being
an impossibility that the term an "In
direct tax" partakes of sarcasm to any
one whose hard lot it is to try the ex
periment for himself.
Then the "economy of good roads"
smiles pleasantly at us. Like angels'
visits the good roads are few and far
between. We admit it alt. In excuse
all ;OregonIans plead only, in the words
Of on.e of.' the agents of the office of
public roads inquiries, "our long famil
iarity with bad roads, and the Indlffer- i
ence of those in charge of highway
affairs." In other Words, our "evil com
munications have corrupted or good
However, the convention was in
structed on the "Methods and machin-1
ery used In roadbullding" in modern
fashion. Then followed the one pivot
on which all turns. How shall good
roads be paid for? Naturally there are
two questions: What Is a good road?
and what district requires a good road?
A positively good road Is one laid out
by a competent engineer or surveyor.
avoiding bad hills and right-angled cor
ners, making the nearest practicable
route, and well built with permanent
materials. It seems that Mr. Abbott,
special agent of the National Govern
ment 'for the Pacific and Rocky Moun
tain section, estimates the cost of a
good road. In this sense, at 51000 a mile.
So, with a sigh, we will put the posi
tively good road aside as too good for
Oregon. Then the comparatively good
road must be our IdeaL It is a satis
faction to notice that, so far as pub
lished reports go, the financial side of
the Oregon road system now In force
was not denounced as either extrava
gant or unpractical. Therefore the con
vention showed Its wisdom In seeking
instruction how to build a reasonably
good road under the direction of our ex
isting officers, with the sanction of the
County Courts, and the help they are
permitted to give from the county
treasuries. The calling of district road
meetings and their authorizing special
taxes for special improvements is also
If every county authority would see
to it that a limited distance of road be
substantially improved annually, the
residue of the road mileage under their
control being maintained, but without
extra expense being devoted to It, the
county funds would not materially suf
fer, and almost insensibly a vast im
provement would be apparent.
The question of the use of convict
labor on the roads does not seem to
have been discussed. Governor Cham
berlain's message to the Legislature
strikes the safe note. Employ the con
vict labor on roads radiating from the
penitentiary and within distances per
mitting the return of the workers there
each night, but do not risk them at long
distances from headquarters.
It Is to be hoped that other conven
tions may be held In due succession in
other districts of the state, until the
leaven of ambition for better roads and
more of them shall have been set work
ing in the whole lump.
The cheap, off-grade flour which the
Minneapolis mills have been sendlnsr to
the Orient has apparently failed to
meet the requirements of the Japanese.
The Eastern mixture which passed for
flour sold in the Oriental markets for
prices materially lower than could be
made by Pacific Coast millers. Despite
this fact, the Japanese Importers are
placing heavy orders with Portland
millers for good flour, to be shipped In
May and June. The abnormally low
and discriminatory freijtbt rate made
by the Great Northern gave the Min
neapolis millers a slight foothold in the
lar East, but the quality of the flour
and the prestige of" the Portland and
other Pacific Coast mills will prevent
the Eastern men from Becurir.sr a ner-
manent trade In a field from which they
are barred by geographical restrictions.
Heavy rains are reported, throughout
Oregon and Eastern Washington, the
downpour in the Horse Heaven coun
try and other light land districts being
unusually heavy. This is most pleasing
news, as some complaints have alreadv
been made of Insufficient moisture. Fa
vorable weather for the past sixty days
has resulted in a large acreage of
Spring grain, which was 6 own early
enough to get a start from two to four
weeks earlier than usual. This grain
will need more rain later In the season,
.but the soaking Just experienced will
work wonders In giving It a good stand.
The union labor war goes merrily on,
the latest returns showing the union
sailors to have a sllcht advantnep. a
jury has decided that a union sailor, at
tacked toy a union longshoreman, has a
right to carry a revolver, for the nur-
pose of protecting his life. The man
with a gun. after beinir dlschared
was rearrested, charged with striking
a longshoreman with a stone, but as
the stone was probably used for the
same purpose as the gun namely, to
discourage the advances of unionism of
tne longshore variety no serious pen
alty will follow.
It is along distance and, a hard march
from Mukden to Harbin. It Is h.irvi
pursuit, therefore, for the Japanese to
rollow the Russians, who have the rail
road to help them, which they destrov
as they retire. Harbin is 320 miles north
of Mukden and 370 miles west of VlnH
vostok. It 1s no easy thing for a great
army to pursue, over such distances,
and to carry Its supplies. To -do battle
and to sacrifice men In the battle. Is
an easy thing, by comparison.
Tacoma has never been more fullv de
scribed than in the anniversary number
wnicn nas just been Issued by the New
Herald of that city. A large number of
excellent photographs are reproduced in
a manner that does great credit to the
engravers and the printers, and the
general appearance of the issue renders
it as admirable for souvenir purposes
as Its contents make It valuable for ref
Two of the gentlemen who robbed
the bank at Lebanon, thirty days aero
are in the penitentiary, and will re
main there for seven years, unless thev
have good luck. Linn County justice
is reasonably swift, and it gets there,
"Revivalists" are now to shake the
whole population of Portland over the
perilous edge of hell, for some weeks.
Most people will keep their senses.
Some will not.
The Standard Oil Company will with
draw from Kansas. This will be a
happy solution to a -vexed problem, if
it will do likewise In the bther states,
Perhaps the 30,000 Venezuelans who
propose to land at New Orleans have
never heard of General Andrew Jack
son of glorious memory.
Missouri gives 535,000 more for the
Lewis and Clark Fair. That shows
what Missouri thinks of world's fair
The Japs are In no hurry to follow
the Russians on to Moscow. It is- a
war that will' be ended. short of Mos
cow. . .
NOTE AND COMMENT: . '
A college baseball team is coming over
here from Japan this season. That's ;
when the Russians will have a chance to
Seattle has a "Raffles." That's all very
well, but he was caught by Tacoma.
To any new college in search of a heart
ening yell, we recommend the slogan of
Colonel Lamcdo, of Caracas "Carababo,
Bombona. y Ayacucho."
Louisville papcra received yesterday
contain advertisements of BocK beer. "Oh,
to be In Kentucky, now that bock Is
there," as Browning might have sung.
Germany and France snuggling up. .
"Live wire!" says the French Cable
Company to Castro of Venezuela.
When the Czar hears tliat a new Island
has risen In Japanese waters, he will
protest that Nature is not maintaining
Chief No Shirt has srone East. He
should beware lest the con man steal the
shirt off his back.
Just what the diaphragm Is we do not
know. Whatever It is. however. It
must kiss. Itself goodbye and go. The
new style of waist and tho diaphragm do
not agree, so the Dressmakers' Protective
Association, through the hlerophantlc
mouth of Miss Elizabeth White, has Is
sued a decree of banishment against the
unfortunate diaphragm. That the decree
will be obeyed by women there is no
doubt. When the waistline can be ship
ped from under the shoulders to some
where about the knees, as the Empire
fashion waxes or wanes, what difficulty
Is there in eliminating the diaphragm?
Miss White has been giving demonstra
tions of diaphragm chasing with living
models at the Dressmakers' annual ex
hibition. Her tip to fat women Is to
sleep "fiat on her face," with two pillows
under her chin and her toes, which must
be kept wiggling all the time she's
awake, touching tho foot of the bed. This,
she says, has a simply murderous effect
upon the region of the diaphragm and
also lengthens the front of the neck con
siderably, as one may well believe. Is it1
though, so bad to be fat that a woman
would thus place herself upon a rack, and
Is this' diaphragm thing absolutely in
compatible with the "new figure?"
Some days ago we referred to a para
graph in Harper's Weekly concerning the
use of "Eta." and "Ptsg." as abbrevia
tions for Pittsburg which is noW offi
cially rendered "Pittsburgh" by the Penn
sylvania Railroad. At the same time an
Indignant protest against the use of "San
Fran" and " 'Frisco" was in part re
printed from the San Francisco Post.
Now comes a similar protest against the
abbreviation of Oregon. C. T. D. sends
some vcrse3 on the subject from Turner,
and there Is nothing that can be added
to what Is said therein. Who would speak
of "Where rolls the Oreg.," or of "Where
rolls the Or."? Of course, some excuse
must be made for the busy man register
ing at a hotel or the stenographer ad
dressing a sheaf of letters, although some
purists kick at even that privilege. Soma
time ago the illustrious Edward BOk, of
tho Ladles' Home Journal, publicly con
demned a correspondent who thus ad
Curl I Pub. Co..
Anyway, her are the verses from Tur
ner, and the Civic Improvement League
might take up the idea they contain:
Do sot abbreviate
The moat beautiful nam
Of oar beautiful etats.
Famed in eon?.
"Where Rolls the Oregon."
Not the "Or.." the "O.," the "O-g-n."
Sin not again.
And there are others
"Oreg-." and "Ore."
Name them no more.
But Oregon, fall Oregon.
Famous alike in song and story.
From valley, dell to mountain hoary.
Of all the beauteous sisterhood, most fair.
Happy are they that dwelleth there.
Lone may that happiness be thine and mine
And when our sands of life are cone,
A peaceful grave In Oregon.
Touchln' on and appertainln' to most
of the published pictures of him, we hope
General Llnlevich can prove an alibi.
Oyama's wife and daughter are both
graduates of "Vassar. Maybe that's why
the general prefers camp cooking.
If all tho candidates for the mayoralty
vote for themselves, the election will
come out a tie one vote for every as
March doesn't know Its own mind.
Congregational ministers won't take
Rockefeller's money. In the words of
the slapstick man. they don't think It's
Been revlvaled yet?
"Pop!" - '
No answer. 1 ' v
"Oh. pop!" -' ' '
"HUh!" ' v' -H
"Well, what Is It?"
"What are cowboys?"
"Men that herd wild cattle."
"Can they hear them far?"
"The wild cattle."
"They don't hear them."
"Then they Just hear-a noise like wild
"No, no, no! They sea them see a herd
"Tho cowboyi do?"
"Why do they call them cowfeoys?"
"Because there are so many- cows" among
"Among the boys?" s
"No. among the cattle."'
- "Well, what?"
"Are there any boy cows?"
A Better Job.
A certain distinguished minister, who
is unusually plain in physical appearance.
tells this story on himself: He was vis
Itin at a country house, and was being
shown round the place by his host's little
daughter, a pretty and precocious child
of 6. She was somewhat shy at first, but
Gradually grew accustomed to her dls
tingulshed visitor,, finally asking him.
with serious race:
"Did God make all things?1 ' .
"Yes. mr dear."
"Did he make you?"
"Yes. he made me, my child."
"And did he make me, too?"
. "Well, he must have got a good deal
better at-It since ne maae.you4".
New Version of the Bible
Scriptures Soon to Appear in Colloquial
English, With New Meaning for Old Texts
NEW version of the Bible Is
J nearly completed and will be
published in England and the United
The title of this new work, "The
Corrected English New Testament."
does not convey the full extent of the
task which its editors have set them
selves. They claim that the scriptures
now appear in the "king's English" for
the first time.
Bearinc in mind that the New Tes
tament writings have to religious
readers a documentary as well as a
literary aspect, their aim has been to
give throughout a close translation.
But they claim also to have taken !
greater pulns than their predecessors,
working on similar lines to produce a
work that shall be essentially Eng-
nsn, and not only everywnere intelli
gible and unequivocal in meaning, but
also In Its literary form as attractive
as possible to the mass of readers.
The work Is put forward in all rev
erence for the spirit of the authorized
version, of which It is a revision, but i
regard for the letter has nowhere de
terred the translators from correcting-
tne many admitted defects of that
version as a true representation of the
Greek original. A New Testament so
prepared, and made as plain and devoid
of ambiguity in every sentence aa
care can make It, has appeared to
rnem to be a serious need among the
general mass of Bible readers.
The promoter and general editor of
the work fs Mr. Samuel Lloyd, a life
governor of the British and Foreign
Bible Society, and he is bringing out
nis version as an Illustration of what
he considers should be done by the so
ciety to this end.
Mr, Lloyd's association with the
promotion of Bible knowledge has been
lifelong. More than 50 years ago he
emulated George Borrow in smugfrllnsr
Bibles into Spain, a feat which he ac-
compllsncd by enclosing a large num
ber of copies in the hollow balance
weights of some machinery his firm
was consigning- there.
The work has already won the ap
proval of so high an authority as the
,blshop of Durham, who has written a
preface to it In which he says that it
appears to remedy in countless in
stances the serious lack of English
felicity of the revised version.
A tentative edition of the nresent
work was prepared some time ago by
Canon Glrdlestone and circulated
among prominent scholars, some 20 or
30 of whom have voluntarily contrib
uted suggestions. In the final revision
Mr. Lloyd has had the assistance of
tne Rev. E. E. Cunnington and Mr. W.
H. Garbutt, the latter of whom gave
a Daily Mall representative some In
teresting details showing the scope of
"We have not striven after any
purely literary graces," he explained
and any literary merit will, of
course, have to bo credited first to the
original. But we have certainly stud
led euphony, and while having- always
in mind the plain man and woman, we
havo endeavored never to be undigni
fied. We hope we have produced a
Testament which may be read In
church without shocking the most 'de
vout worshiper and without sending
any one to sleep one which may be
mystic without unnecessary mystifica
tion. "It is a curious fact that a great
many of tbe texts expressing: popular
pious feeling are Instances of the In
accuracy of the authorized version. It
has pained us to alter them, but truth
is greater than sentiment. Everybody
knows now that Agrippa 'did not say
ho was 'almost persuaded." and that
Felix did not tremble,' at all events
"Again, It has not been pleasant to
show people that in "talking of 'falling
asleep In Jesus' they are not quoting
the actual words of the New Testa
ment. Again, how many thousands of
persons have been misled by the time
honored expression the order of Mel
chlsedec'? But scholars are now
agreed that there was no 'order' of
priests In the modern sense.
"To give some idea of the revision, the
-word 'publican,' which is misleading to the
popular mind, becomes 'collector.' 'Law
PLAN FOR NEW STATE IN SOOTH
Washington Dispatch to Philadelphia
It Is reported that at the next session of
Congress a bill will be presented to form
a new state out of Eastern Tennessee,
Southeastern Kentucky and Southwestern
Virginia. The hill. It is said, will be
pushed by Representatives Brownlow, of
Tennessee; Slemp, or Virginia, and Ed
wards, of Kentucky.
AH three of these men represent the
territory Included in the boundaries of
tho proposed new state. The region Is
the old stronghold f the Southern loy
alists during the Civil "War, and Is Re
publican in sentiment. It furnishes prac
tically the entire Republican representa
tion in Congress from the South. The
region has always been out of sympa
thy with the other sections of the three
states, and partisan consideration would
be counted, on to push It through Con
gress. The scheme. It Is said, contem
plates the location of the capital at
Representative Slemp, when asked to
night about the bill, said that there was
a strong sentiment for It In the three
districts affected. It originated, he said,
in a speech made by himself two years
ago in which he spoke of such a state In
a. semi-humorous vein, with no Idea that
the Idea would be taken seriously. He
was surprised to And that It was, how
ever, and since then such an agitation In
favor of It had been developed that no
and Messrs. Brownlow and Edwards were
obliged to. take cognizance of It- He
had spoken of the proposed bill to the
President, and Mr. Roosevelt had spoken
The bill. It it became a law. would
carve a Republican state out of the solid
South. "Whatever basis there Is for hope
that the three states affected will con
sent to the bill is the fact that the sec
tion has long been a source of trouble
,to the majority to whose sentiments it
Is distinctly hostile. On one occasion the
Tennessee part of It came near electing a
Governor, H. Clay Evans, and It Is firmly
believed in Eastern Tennessee that he
actually was elected, and was only count
ed out by fraud. The Virginia section was
ilah one's backbone, and the Kentucky
section has given endless trouble to the
Democratic leaders. The state would
contain 45 counties, and how has a popu
lation of between 700,000 and S00.00O.
Oregon vs. California.
Ontario (Calif.) Record.
A camper west of-town, who has driven
from Oregon, says that state Is the
largest In tho Union. He has driven for
weeks in tho rain, and can't be made to
believe that he has arrived, in Southern
California, the "land of eternal sun
shine." Sumroerland (Calif.) Advance,
A few days ago a gentleman from Med
ford. Or., announced his Intention of re
turning to that rain-swept country to
get his feet dry. It has really looked
the past few days as if his kick against
Summerland was legitimate. But then he
hasn't yet received "the storm returns
from the "Northern Italy," as he calls
that' underwater country.
yer' la changed Into teacher of law,
and 'penny' becomes 'shilling;' as being
nearer the real value. A further Idea may
be gained from the sentence In the au
thorized version, 'The effectual fervent
prayer of a righteous man availeth much-
The revised version makes this The sup
plication of a righteous man availeth
much In Its working. In the corrected
English version wc say, 'Mighty In Its
working Is the prayer of a righteous
Some Verses Compared'.
Brood of ' Vipers,
who warned you to
flee from the wrath
O. generation of
vipers, who hath
warned you to flee
from the wrath to
come? (Matt, liL. 7).
say. thou fool, shall say. Moreh! he will
be In danger of hell
be In danger of the
are. (Matt, v., 22).
neii or Are.
If thy rijcht eye en
snare thee,, pluck it
The foxes have
holes, and the birds
of the air have
"Why eateth your
master with the col
lectors and outcasts?
And as they could
not, for the crowd.
if thy rlEht eye of
fend thee, pluck It
out. (Matt, v., 20).
J.ne xoxes have
holes, and the birds
of the air have
nest. (Matt. -rtiL.
Why eateth -rour
Master with public
ans and sinners?
(Matt. ix.. II).
And when thev
could not come nigh
unto mm for the
bring him to Jesus.
press, they uncov- i they stripped off tha
erea me root wnere 1 roonng waere He
He was. and when I was; and when they
they had broken it
bad torn It away,
they let down the
bed. wherein the pal
sled man Was lying.
No one jeweth a
patch of -undressed
cloth on an old gar
ment: else the filling
takfth from It, the
new from the old.
and a worse rent Is
bond of his tongue
was loosed, and he
4egan to speak plain
ly. When Zachariah
saw him, he was
Why beholdest thou
the splinter w'ich Is
in thy brother's eye?
On the morrow he
took out two ahlll
lncs. and gave them
to the host.
up they let down the
bed wherein the sick
of the palsy lay.
(Mark li., 4).
No man also sew
eth a piece of new
cloth on an old gar
ment; else the new
piece that filled it
up taketh away
from the old. and
the rent is made
worse. (Mark li.. 21).
The string of his
tongue was loosed,
and he spake plain.
(Mark viL. 35).
saw him, he was
troubled. (Luke 1..
thou the mote that
is in thy brother's
eye? (Luke vL. 41).
On the morrow,
when he departed,
he took out two
pence and gave thern
io me nasi. ii.UKe
Occupy till I come.
(Luke xlx.. 13).
My fleih is meat,
indeed, and' My
blood is drink in
deed. (John vi.. 55).
The cock shall not
crow till thou bast
denied Me thrice.
Trade ye till I
My flesh is true
food, and My blood
Is true drink.
The cock will not
crow until thou hast
Lo, now thou speak
est plainly and speak
est no similitude.
Jesus, the ?azar
ene, the .king of tho
Men of Ephesus.
-what man Indeed is
ignorant that tho
city of the Epheslani
is temple'guardian of
the great Diana and
of the lma.ee which
fell down from
(John xlt. 38). 1
Lo. now speakest
Thou plainly and
speakest no proverb.
(John xvL. 20).
Jesus of Nazareth,
the king of the Jews.
(John xlx.. 19).
Ye men of Ephe
sus, what man Is
there that knoweth
not bow that tho
city of the Ephesians
Is a worshiper of the
great goddess Diana
and of the image
which fell down
from Jupiter? (Acts
And as he reasoned
Judgment to come.
(Acts xxlv., 25).
Then Agrippa said
unto -Paul. Almost
thou peraaadest me
to be a Christian.
(Acts xxvi., 28).
God, who at sun
dry times tond to.
spake unto the fath
ers by the prophets
hath In these last
days spoken unto us
by His Son. whom
He hath appointed
heir of all things, by
whom also he made
the worlds, who, be
ing the brightness of
His glory and the
express image of
His person, and up
holding all things by
the wor.d of His pow
er, when Ho had by
Himself purged our
sins, sat down on the
right hand of the
Majesty on high.
(Hebrews L, 1).
And as he - dis
control, and thejudg
ment to com; Felix
Then Agrippa said
to Paul. Wilth but
little porananon thou,
wouldst make ma a
God. having spc
In 'the -Tx?disr2 in
time past. in. many
portions and In many
ways to the lathers,
hath at the end of
these days spoken to
us by a Son. whom
He appointed heir of
all things, through
whom also He made
the world: who. be
ing the effulgence of
His glory, and the
very Image of His
being; and upholding
all things by tho
word of His power,
when He had mads
purification of sin.
sat down on the
right hand of the
Majesty on high.
OBJECTIONS TO A SEA-LEVEL CANAL
Brigadier-General Peter C. Halns con
tributes an article to the North Amer
ican Review entitled "The Panama canal
some objections to a sea-level project."
There is no question, says General Hains,
of the superior merit of a sea-level canal
over one with locks; but a sea-level canal,
in the ordinary sense of the term, would
be Impracticable, since the difference in
the level of the two oceans at the ends
of the canal would necessitate the con
struction of one lock. Is the construction
of a canal with one lock worth the ad
ditional 5100,000,000 It would cost and the
ten years' delay it would Involve? Be
sides, a lock canal could be changed, into
a sea-level canal if the future demands
of commerce require. The argument in
favor of a sea-level canal, based oh the
steady Increase In the length of ships,
loses Its force when it is considered that
the locks can be Increased In size It It
becomes necessary. It Is a significant
fact that three boards or commissions
the commission appointed when the Com
pagnle TJnlverselle du Canal Inter
oceanlque failed, the commission author
ized by the Nouvelle Panama -Compagnle,
and the Isthmian canal commission com
prising among their members no less than
31 engineers, reported In favor of a canal
with locks. Says General Halns:
It is confidently believed that a sea-level
canal at Panama will never become necessary,
that a canal will locks will furnish all the
facilities' for vessehi of tho largest tonnage- and
greatest draft that will ever come into use;
but in view of the uncertain possibilities of
future commercial conditions, the canal may
be built with a view to its ultimate conversion
If the necessity ebould ever arise. This can,
be done without Increasing the first cost. In
fact,' the first cost may be somewhat reduced
Retaining walls In the Culebra cut were rec
ommended by the Isthmian canal commission;
but If the canal be built -with a view to lu
possible conversion Into a sea-level canal, theea
walls should be omitted, as they would Inter
fere with that conversion. The coat of these
masonry walls was estimated at about $9,000,
000. Their necesoity was not fully demon
strated, but In the Interests of safety from
caving slopes It was thought best to build
them. The saving of 53.000.000 by omitting
them would go a. long way toward defraying
the extra cost of the sea-level canal, if It ever
became advisable. The technical commission
did not think such retaining walls necessary,
and did not recommend them; from .which it
will be seen that engineers, who may agree as
to their utility, are not Of one mind as to
How They Does It.
RockvHIe (Ind.) Clipper.
Men who work with their brain does it
by making other men work for them with
Wisdom for Tradesmen.-
Oh. tradesman, in thine hour of e o e.
If on th!a paper you should c c c.
Take our advice and now be y y y;
Go straight ahead and advert I t'U
Ton II find the project or som;u. u
Keglect can offer no ex q, q q..
Be wise at once, prolong.you"r'd a a a,
X silent business soon do k-kk