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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 24, 1905)
VOL. XLV. XO. 13,819.
PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAY, MARCH 24, 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
AGK 10 BAIKAL
Russians May Con-
POSITION VERY WEAK
Loss of Sungari Means
Loss of Harbin.
MAY BE GUT OFF FROM WEST
Vladivostok and Coast .'Prov
, inces All at Stake.
MEED .200,000 MORE MEN NOW
Linlevltch May Have to Abandon
Vladivostok-and Amur Province
-yf He Is Beaten on the
PORT SAID, March 34. Admiral Xe-
bojrutufTa fleet (which fornix the third
division of Admiral Rojestveiislcj-'H
Rublan Mvuudrou and ivhlch left Suds
Bay, Inland of Crete, Slarch 21), lias
ST. PETERSBURG, 2Inrch 24. Word
vra received here late last nlsht that
all of tbe noncombntnnti, Including
many women, it ere expelled front Vlad
ivostok yesterday, It being explained
that, If tbey did not leave, they might
be compelled to remain Jn the city for
a period of .year.
The -city Jitut .Mtipidle and ammuni
tion for a. period of two year.
ST. PETERSBURG. March 2t. (-1:43 :
A. The -possibility that. If the Rus
sian army should be unable to hold the
lower line or the Sungari River at
Chunchlatsii,. it may be compelled to
retreat not only to Harbin but also
further westward along the railroad,
abandoning to the Japanese .Northern
Manchuria and the Russian maritime
Amur provinces as well, Is the latest
startling news from the front.
The strategic weakness of Genera
Iilnlevitch's position as he falls back
northward Is made clear by the Gunshu
dispatches to the Associated Press, In
which It Is pointed out that, unless
Chunchiatsu and the Sungari lines, a
scant 100 miles below Harbin, can be
held. It will be difficult to maintain
a position farther back before Harbin,
where, with the front of the army par
alleling the railroad, the practicability
of a turning movement to completely
sever communications and Isolate tbe
army 5000 miles from home Is too se
rious for Russian consideration. In
view of this possibility the dispatch
alluded to suggests the advisability of
immediately providing Vladivostok
with war munitions and supplies for a
two years siege.
Will Be at Japan's Mercy.
The correspondent estimates the
number of reinforcements needed to
give General Linlevltch the requisite
superiority in force at 200,000.
That such a dispatch should have
been permitted to pass the censor at
the front Is significant and. If General
Linlevltch has communicated a similar
estimate of the situation direct to Em
peror Nicholas, it may account for His
Majesty's Increased disposition to lis
ten to peace counsels and open nego
tiations before the Japanese establish
themselves on Russian solL "With Man
churia entirely abandoned to the Jap
anese and Vladivostok left as Russia's
solitary sentinel on the Pacific, It is
realized that Russia will be practically
at Japan's mercy In the matter of peace
It can now be definitely stated that
the decision to appoint Grand Duke
Nicholas Nicholalcvltch to the su
preme command in the Far East was
reconsidered because the outlook at the
front does not warrant the risk of com
promising the prestige of a member of
the imperial family.
Military authorities here believe
that, unless General Linlevltch is suro
of bis ability to hold the lower Sungari
line, he would risk his whole army
by fortifying and concentrating It
there, as. if he should be defeated, his
line of retreat lies to two sides of a
triangle, the third side of which is open
to tne enemy's advance. At the general
staff the view that Genoral Linlevltch
may be compelled to abandon Harbin
and retire toward Lake Baikal; leaving
Vladivostok to its fate, is regarded as
almost unwarranted by anything that
is officially known there. It being
pointed out that Field Marshal Oyaroa
will have a long and laborious task to
bring up an army of 300,300 or 400,000
Meanwhile Russian Reinforcements are
arriving at Harbin at tho rate of 1203
mentper day. Nevertheless, it Is signifi
cant that there Is now a well-marked
peace party at tho Winter Palace.
May Be Cut Off From Base.
GUNSHU PASS. Manchuria. March 23
(108 Miles vNorth of Tie Pass.) The Japi
anese are following the Russian rear
guard, which Is moving north from San
topu at the rate of SVs miles a day.
On both flanks the Japanese are operating
a wide turning movement, but the
strength of the flanking forces has not
been definitely, ascertained.
At a number of places along the railroad
between Santopu and Gunshu Pass there
are broken hills, with steep sides and
gorges at the bottom, where stubborn re
sistance might be made, but It Is doubtful
whether General Linlevltch will make a
stand before he reaches the Sungari River
and -Cbantchlau. Unless he Is able to
hold the line of the river, the Russian po
sition will be so weak strategically that
he - may be compelled to retire back of
Harbin Into Siberia, owing to the fact
that, as they approach Harbin, the Rus
sian front parallels the railroad, render
ing the danger of a severan& of the sole
lino of communication constantly greater.
While the army Is still far. from Siberia,
and with the Chinese Eastern Railroad
behind It In perpendicular front, the dan
ger to the Siberian Railroad is only from
raiding parties and Chinese bandits, and
the comparatively few railroad guards are
sufficient to protect the bridges.
But once the army falls back behind the
Sungari River communication with the
far-away base will be terribly jeopardized,
not by the small number of guardB, but
by the army, which will be required to
protect the railroad. The prospect of the
Isolation of Vladivostok must also be met,
and it is urgently necessary to supply the
garrison with provisions and ammunition,
not for a few months, but for two years.
Two hundred thousand reinforcements
from Russia are now necessary to make
it possible for the Russians to meet the
Japanese on anything like even terms.
RUSSIAN FLEET IN INDIAN OCEAN
Steamer From Ceylon Sights Part of
PORT LOUIS. Island of Mauritius,
March 23 (5:5 P. M.) A steamer from
Colombo, Ceylon, which arrived here to
day, reports that during the night of
March 1G she met a Russian torpedoboat,
which was followed by a squadron of war
ships some distance behind. The steamer
was enable to make out tho number or
character of the chips.
(A dispatch from Antananarivo, capi
tal of the Island of Madagascar, March
17, announced that the Russian second
Pacific squadron had left Nossiba Island,
off the northwest coast of Madagascar,
during the afternoon of March 16, for
an unknown destination. If this dispatch
was correct, the steamer which has ar
rived at Port Louis from Ceylon could
not have met the Russian second Pacific
squadron (Rojestvensky's) during the
night of March 16. It is possible, how
ever, that tho vessels reported-.by the
steamer constituted a. flying division of
Rojestvensky'a squadron. The third di
vision of Rojestvensky's squadrcn left
Snda Bay. Island f Crete, -March 2L tor
2Port Said, and has hot yet been reported
to have arrived there.)
FLEET MAY BE NEAR COLOMBO
If Report Be True, Rojestvensky Has
LONDON. March 24. No further news
has been received here throwing light on
the movements of the Russian Second
Pacific squadron. The report from Port
Luis, Mauritius, that during the night of
March 16 a Russian torpedo-boat, pre
ceding a squadron of warships had been
sighted by a vessel arriving there from
Colombo, Ceylon, Is regarded as too
vague to afford basis for judgment, but.
if the fleet seen was Vlce-Admlral Ro
jestvensky's, it must already be within
some COO miles of Colombo, and henca
must have left Nossi Be much earlier
The Dally Mall's correspondent at Aden
reports that two German steamers left
Jibutll at midnight March 22, with pro
visions for the Russian squadron.
JAPANESE r?AVE MORE CAVALRY
Strengthened With Chinese Bandits
Bloody Massacre at Mukden.
GUNSHU PASS, March 23. General
Linlevltch. the new Commander-in-Chief
of the army, today received the members
of his stiff.
Reports persist of Japanese turning
movements on both flanks of the Russian
army. - Chlnse state that the Japanese
have recruited many Chinese bandits, and
that probably they are now ablo to count
a superiority In cavalry, as well as In in
fantry. The branch of the Russo-Chlnese Bank
has removed from IClrln to Harbin, after
an, attack on the bank office. In which
two of the guards were wounded with
Captured Japanese report a terrible af
fray In the streets of Mukden on March
10. when a big detachment of Russians,
the last to leave the dtp, were entrapped
by Chinese bandits and a few Japanese
soldiers, who clod the city gates and
blocked the narrow streets. According to
the report, which Is not confirmed, not a
Field Marshal Oyama has communicated
l to General Linlevltch the newa that the
entire Russian medical staff, which re
mained in Mukden after the evacuation.
Is uninjured and well.
CAUSES OF RUSSIA'S FAILURE
Liberal Propaganda Among Troops
Opposed to Japanese Devotion.
ST. PETERSBURG, March 21. (12-55 A.
M.) The Novoe Vremya today will pub
lish a remarkable dispatch from a corre
spondent in the field, who. with the bit
ter taste of defeat still on his palate, dis
cusses the causes of Russian reverses and
contrasts- the spirit with which Russia
and Japan are conducting the war, and,
with sorrow and dlsheartenment. ar
raigns the elements in Russia' who are
nourishing their propaganda on defeats
In the Par East, "scattering In the very
hour of deft at," according to the corre
spondent, "broadcast among the heart
sick soldiers, proclamations urging them
to cease fighting and surrender." The dis
"Not even the enemy has sent us such
proclamations, but has confined itself
to throwing Into our lines telegrams from
foreign agencies about disorders in Rus
sia. Put yourself la tbe place of the sol
diers and officers who. returned from
Mukden fatigued and heartsore from want
Concluded ca. Fourth P&ce.)
GETS NO DIRGE
Buffalo Bill Denounced
HIS WIFE IS BLAMELESS
Excessive Drinking the Cause
' of His Troubles.
MRS. CODY WAS TOO PATIENT
Judge Scott's Decision Leaves Fa
mous Showman Exposed as a
Drunkard Who 'Drove His
'Daughter to Grave.
SHERIDAN, Wyo.. March 23,-The 14s
trict Court here today refused the petition
of Colonel "William F. Cody, "Buffalo
Bill," for a divorce.
A decision was not expected before to
morrow at the earliest, but the courtroom
was filled with residents of Sheridan and
the surrounding country. After the read
ing of the depositions was finished today,
the attorneys for both sides announced
that they would submit tbe case without
After a short recess. Judge R. H. Scott
asked the attorneys for the defendant,
Wilcox and Halligan, of North Platte.
Neb., to amend their answer by strlklns
out those sections which dealt with
charges against . Jessie Isabcll, Cody's
conduct In Chicago and his early excesses
at Fort McPherson. When this was done
the court. found entirely in favor of the
defendant, Mrs. Louisa Cody. Judge Scott
delivered an opinion of considerable
length, renewing the evidence and giving
his conclusions. He said:
No Basis for Cody's Charges.
"The law of the state does not make in
compatibility a ground for divorce, but it
does read that extreme cruelty, rendering
intolerable the condition of either party
to -the Tnqrriego .contract, is sufficient
ground to allow the granting of a di
vorce, 4?Taenret causo t .actio p. jc thls.ca.-je -is-
'the charge of nolsonlng on December '2&
1900, pr some time prior thereto.- The
evidence wholly falls to support- this Is
sue, but shows the defendant was trying
to rescue thi Tlalntlff from a. state of in
toxication and administered, not poison
Dut remedies wmcn sne aecmea oenenaai
to him. His inability to speak on this oc
casion did not come from these remedies
but came from his excessive use of In
toxicating liquors at the banquet board,
and was humiliating to the defendant as
to the plaintiff.
"The unhapplncss caused by the actions
of the plaintiff is shown by the letter of
their daughter, Arta Thorpe, whose beau
tlful character shone, out from her un
happy home and the words of her letter
written Just before her death:
" 'Oh, papa; why did ho do It? My
heart is broken over It. Oh, why did he
do itr. "
Judge Scott also found that the charge
of unbecoming actions on the part of de
fendant towards the Colonel's guests was
not proved; that there was no evidence
that she had ever threatened her hus
band's life, and that, when attending the
funeral of her daughter Arta, at, Roches
ter, N. Y., in February, 19W, she offered
a permanent reconciliation, and no an
swer ever came to this. Judge Scott con.
Indulgent Wife and Mother.
"She was an overlnduigent mother and
wife, who always took pride in bis success
and always looked forward to his home
coming and made great preparations to
receive him. She entertained his guests
with cordiality. Sae did not use profane
language. The poisoning of his pet dogs
was accidental. She never spoke disre
spectfully of him to his friends or guests.
She always accompanied him to the depot
on his departure and was there to receive
him on his return. In her home she has
a large statue of him in the hall in her
bedroom she has his portrait done by a
famous painter on her stand, and she has
his photograph, and tho dishes she used
were souvenir ones stamped or etched
with his portrait. Such in brief is the
character and conduct of Mrs. Cody, ex
tending over a long period of her married
"In return for this wifely devotion, the
plaintiff has been cruel to her and heaped
Indignities upon her. Even if It were
true that tbe defendant hzu at times boon
impatient with him. and such impatience
had been considered as indignities," it is
also true that she has had much to con
tend with. j
"There are some allegations In the an-
' swer that are not sustained by the evi
dence. From the evidence It does not ap
pear that the plaintiff was addicted to
gambling so as to impair his business
abilities or trustworthiness. He did not
use intoxicating liquors in such quanti
ties as to interfere with the transaction
of his business."
Cody Will Continue Fight.
An exception to tbe ruling of the court
was noted by Judge H. R. Ridgley, attor
ney for Colonel Cody, and his request for
0) days for filing a motion for a rehearing
was granted. The motion will be argued
at the next term of court, and. In case
this Is denied. Cody's attorneys will.tako
the matter to the Supreme Court of
Trial of Dynamiter Rousseau.
NEW YORK, March 23. Gcssler Rous
seau, charged with having sent an in
fernal machine to the dock of the steam
ship Umbrla on May 9. 1503. was placed
on trial today before Recorder Goff and
a Jury- The Indictment charges the read
ying of dynamite to a company without
revealing Its nature and the sending of
the explosive to a structure where there
were human beings with Intent to de
stroy it and thereby endangering their
lives. Rousseau was arrested In Phila
delphia January 14 after the attempt
had been made to wreck the statue of
Frederick the Great at Washington. The
trial will continue tomorrow.
PRESIDENT TO JIVE OUTDO OES
Return to Natural Conditions During
His Hunting Trip.
COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo.. March 23.
Philip B. Stewart, who Is arranging the
details of President Roosevelt's hunting
trip In tho "White River country next
month, has received a letter from. Secre
tary Loeb stating that there has been no
Change In the President's plan to vialt
Mr. Stewart soya the President expects
to live entirely In the open, it the weather
during his visit to Colorado Is at all
"The President," continued Mr. Stewart.
"will spend his days in the saddle and his
nights in a sleeping bag wrapped in a
POLICY - HOLDERS WANT ALL
Protest Against Proposed Mutual
Plan of Equitable Directors.
NEW YORK, March 23. A committee
headed by John D. Crlmmins, and claim
ing to represent a large number of policy
holders In the Equitable Life Assurance
Society met today and expressed disap
proval of the four-year mutuallzatlon plan
adopted by the society's directors several
days ago, Tbe committee announced Its
Intention to work for the election of
tho Equl table's entire 62 directors by the
policy-holders. Instead of 2S, as proposed
by the directors.
Mr. Crlmmins has applied to the State
Superintendent of Insurance for a hear
ing on the subject and the hearing has
been set for Tuesday next at noon.
FROZEN TO DEATH IN jTr.TZZATfl)
Mother and Son Found in Mountains
DENVER. March 2L A Republican spe
cial from West Cllffe. Colo, says that tbe
body of Mrs. Henry Fall was found today
three miles from Junklns Park. She had
been frozen to death. A 13-year-old son
was lying beside her, frozen stiff, but still
alive. It 13 believed that he. too, will
Mother and son left Junklns Park to
walk to West Cllffe, and were overtaken
by a blizzard.
Only Heard Rumors of Bribery.
DENVER. March 23. Only one witness
was called, to the stand today by the
legislative commliee Investigating-. report
of bribery ot tnMnbers durfagihe Guhir-
natojlal. contest.' -Vhe -prjgrietor of a.
developed, that Ml he knewwas that
rumors were continually In circulation to
the effect that money was being spent
to Influenco the vote of members.
CONTENTS OFJEODAY'S PAPER
' The Weather.
TODATS Occasional rain; brisk squally
TESTEItDATS Maximum temperature, 31
deff.; minimum, 44. Precipitation. 0.03
The War In the Far East.
Czar a pain turn from peace party and will
continue war. Page 1.
Llnlevttch's army In perilous position.
Russian war correspondent contrasts two
armies. Pace 1.
Baltic fleet seen in Indian Ocean sailing
eastward. Page 1.
Loans arranged by both belligerents. Page 1.
Polish peasants throw bombs at ammunition
train. Page 5.
Drafting of horses resisted by peasants and
troops shoot many. Page 3.
Business panic in Southern Russia. Page 3.
Bombthrower in wait for Grand Duke
Alexis. Page 5.
Chamberlain openly quarrels with Balfour.
Germany angers Turkey 'by protesting
against buying arms In France. Page
Love feast between American naval officers
and Cubans. Page 7.
Disorderly debate In Italian Chamber.
Work on Celllo Canal only awaits deeds to
right of way. Page 2.
President hopes to stave off foreign Inter.
veation In Santo Domingo. Page 3.
United States refuses to aid foreign claim.
Ants against Panama. Page 3.
Confederate Brigadier will get Southern ap
polatroent. Page 8.
Philippines may be sold to Japan. Page 4.
Shaw and Allison considering tarlS re
vision.- Page 4.
Abundance of witnesses to testify against
beet trust, .rage o.
Divorce Is refused to Buffalo Bill. Page 1.
Senator Mitchell discharges his private sec
retary for testifying against him. Page 3.
Gaynor and Greene accuse Canadian Judge
of being In American employ. Page 3.
"Willamette Valley Development League la
organized et Ealexn. Page 1.
Branch road from Medford will tap Immense
belt of pine woods. Page 8.
Lottery for lands under the Twin Falls lrri
gatlon scheme in Idaho. Page C
Tamhlll proposes to enjoin collection of state
taxes on constitutional grounds. Page 0.
Fortbsnd and Vicinity.
Great Interest Is aroused in the Chapman re
vival meetings In Portland. Page 10.
Manager Head of the bureau to supply rooms
zor gncsis at ine j-air is arrested tor
mutilating the corporation's books. Page. 9"
Experts in handwriting foiled by an attor
ney. Page 12.
Crooked deal In the frront-rtreet bridge is
under Investigation. Page 11.
Commercial Club of St. Johns holds celebra
tion and banquet. Page 11.
Fire Chiefs will hold convention In Port
land In September. Page 11.
Many Intending exhibitors at the Fair noti
ced that space Is exhausted. Page 14.
Letter-Carriers" Convention may go to Min
neapolis because trunk lines refuse to
make rates. Page 9.
Jetty will take all the appropriation and
dredge Chinook will not be uid. Page 14.
"New Deaf Republicans declare they will
not nominate any -yellow dogs." Page 18.
Commercial and Maria e.
Encouraging report from iron and steel
trade. Page 15.
Bear raid helps stock marker. Page 13.
Good crop news causes break la wheat
prices- Page 15.
Heavy arrivals of wool at San Francisco.
Extra steamers required on Portland &
Asiatic line. Pag 14.
nineteenth Infantry will -come' from.' Van
couver on steamer Chat. R. Spencer.
Pogo.14. , .-; ... - .
Development of the Val
ley Is Its Object.
DELEGATES CO TO SALEM
Speeches Made Cover a Wide
Range of Subjects.
BANQUET IN THE EVENING
Resolution Adopted Asking State
Lezgue Officers to Call a General
Convention April 4 With All
OFFICERS OF 1ST. LEAGUE.
President. Colonel E. Hofer. of
Secretary, "Walter Lyon, of Inde
pendence. Treasurer. "Walter L. Toose, "Wood
burn. Committee on constitution and by
laws Frank Davey, of Salem; J. 'C
Hayter, ot Dallas; F. P. Nutting, ot
Albany: E. "W Haines, of Forest
GroTe; G. A. Hurley, of Independence.
SALEM, Or., March 23. (SpedaL)-Per
manent organization of the "Willamette
Valley Development League was effected
here today by delegates gathered from
all sections of "Western Oregon. Railroad
transportation, telephonic communication,
trolley lines and development of water
powers were among the principal sub
jects discussed, and a very profitable day's
work was closed with an evening of en
joyment when the delegates gathered
around the banquet tables In the "Willam
ette Hotel, partook .of tempting viands
and listened to toasts in which humor was
generously mingled with sober business
-TSe railroads came in foe a large share
of the attention of the convention though
the discussion upon this subject was prin
cipally of a very general nature. The rail
roads were commended for the work, they
have done In bringing settlers to Oregon,
but there was criticism of freight rates
and lack of railway .lines into parts of
the state not now reached by railroads.
Bingham Makes a Hit.
The climax of discussion of railroads
was reached when I. H. Bingham, of Cot
tage Grove, asserted that laws adverso
to the interest of the railroads cannot be
secured through the Legislature and re
sort to the initiative may be necessary.
This suggestion was greeted with applause
and cheers and' shouts of "Hit 'em hard-
Ike.' The showing made by Mr. Bing
ham is alleged not to be fair to the rallr
roads, however, for he told In his ad
dress of the raise In freight rates on
lumber from Interior points to San Fran
cisco hut did not say that the old rate had
Another lmnortant feature of the con
ventlon was the adoption late tonight of
a strong resolution asking the president
and secretary of the State Development
League to call a state convention April
4. The action of the president and secret
tarv in abandoning the convention that
had been called was severely criticized.
"Walter L. Tooze aroused -enthusiasm by
saying that If Portland does not want
the State League Convention held there.
"Woodburn will be glad to be chosen as
a meeting place, and will give the" dele
gates royal entertainment.
The "Willamette Valley League was or
ganized upon a plan which Includes repre
sentatives from all "Western Oregon Com
mercial Clubs, the management being un
der control of a board of directors com
posed of one member from each club.
The officers will be a president, secretary
, Salem's Cardial Welcome.
' At the brief forenoon session F. L. Stock
ton called, tbe assemblage to order, and
Hon. Frank Davey, on behalf of the 300
members of the Greater Salem Commer
cial Club, welcomed the visitors and dele-
sates. He said that Salem has always
been represented as being exceedingly
slow, but, notwithstanding this reputa
tion, the city has shown commendable en
terprise In many things.
Responding to the welcome. Secretary
Tom Richardson, of tne Portland Com
mercial Club, said that this convention
can do an immense amount of good in
nnltlng the efforts of the people of the
Willamette vaiiey in woric in wmcn they
have a common Interest. He commended
the railroads for the low rates they have
made in order to induce settlers to come
to this state, and said that, beyond ques
tion, the railroads are doing all they can
to build up the population of the terri
tory through which their lines run, but
said that the peoplo must insist upon the
railroads giving them -better transporta
tion facilities and freight rates that will
widen the market for their products.
Mr. Richardson said that thousands of
people from all parts of the country are
coming here this Summer, not to see the
Fair, but to see the country, and It Is the
duty ot the people to see that the visitors
have the best possible opportunity to view
the different sections of the state and
learn ot Its resources and advantages.
A committee on permanent organization
was appointed, .consisting of J. G. Gra
ham, of Marion; E. "W. Haines, -of "Wash
ington: J. H. Bingham, of Lane; J. S.
Cooper, of Polk, and E. C. Roberts, of
The meeting then adjourned until the
The afternoon session' was opened with
an address' by J. S. Cooper, ot McMlnn
ville, oh the -subject of "The Telephone' as
a Means of Development." E. -T. Judd,
of Turner; R. R. Ryan, of Salem; B. F.
Jones, of Toledo; Judge Scott, of Marion
County, and J. K. Sears, of McCoy. spoKe
on the same subject, the tenor of the
discussion being that the organization of
independent lines Is necessary In order to
compel the Bell Company to give good
service -at reasonable rates.
Value of Water .Powers.
"W. M. Kllllngsworth. of Portland, spoke
on the subject of "The Development of
."Water Powers." He said that Oregon has
not grown as fast as It should, nor as
fast as the State of Washington, and this
condition should not exist.
'Cheap power." he said. "Is the secret
of the everlasting success of Oregon."
and the accomplishment of this, he saw
In the utilization of the mountain streams
whose power Is inexhaustible. The devel
opment of these powera will place Oregon
in the front rank as a manufacturing
state. "We must not wait for a promoter
or a stock company to come and gain
control of our powers, but we must put
tne water to use ourselves In tbe maklnsr
of electric light, heat and power. The
water powers of the "Willamette Valley
are worth more than a 40-foot vein of
coal underlying the entire Valley would
Applause from the audience sreeted Mr.
Kllllngsworth's declaration that the state
should own all water powers. He esti
mated the total amount of water power
In the state at 1,000.000 horsepower, and
from this the state should eventually de
rive revenue enough to build all her roads
and trolley lines and pay the expenses
of her state government.
After comparing the jrrowth ot Oregon
with that of "Washington, he said that no
other state In tho Union shows so poor
a record In railroad development as Ore
gon, and he protested against the policy
Wheat a Valley Staple.
G. A. "Westgate. of Albany, spoke on the
subject of "Wheat as a Staple In Western
Oregon," and said tha. diversified farm
ing has been talked almost to excess. The
decadence of wheatgrowing has been due
chiefly to the smaller yield, but there Is
no reason why Oregon farms, if crops be
properly rotated, should not produce as
large yields of wheat as they did in the
Willamette Valley millers have been
compelled to ship In wheat from Eastern
Oregon to make flour for Valley consum
ers, and this, he thought, ought not to be
true, and will not be so long. Wheat Is
a product consumed in all homes, and It
should be the foundation of Willamette
Valley's agricultural Industries.
Hot Shot at Railroads.
J. H. Bingham, of Cottage Grove. poke
on "Transportation and " Our Manufac
tures." He applied his remarks particu
larly to Interior manufactures, which de
pend upon one line of railway transporta
tion, and have not the advantage of com
peting water lines.
Mr. Bingham denounced the methods of
fixing freight rates, and to show the Ir
regularity of some of the rates, said it
cost more to ship a carload ot nails from
Portland to Ashland than from Pennsyl
vania to Portland. He declared that the
people must take up the question of regu
lating freight rates, for It la certain that
no relief of that kind can be .secured from
the Legislature. "Ton might as well try
to turn water up hill aa to try to get
railroad regulation through the Oregon
Legislature. It looks as though wc ,shall
be forced to' resor&io the' Initiative and
propose laws directly that we can't -get
tnrougn tne Legislature. I nope we snail
not be compelled t6 resort to this method.
but I believe we shall not get relief until
we adopt radical means. For the present.
however, we've got the railroads, and
ty've got us."
Trolley Lines in Valley. .
G. A. Hurley, of Independence, spoke
on the subject of "Trolley Lines in the
Willamette Valley," asserting that these
lines are necessary In order to furnish
transportation for the various communl
ties, and to compel the railroad lines to
.give the people good sen-ice at reason
able rates. He cited the Oregon Water
Power Company's lines as an Illustration
of the fact that a trolley line will build
up the population of the territory which
it traverses. The chief advantage ot the
trolley line Is that It rfives quick service
and enables a farmer to visit the city
without spending the whole day on the
Walter L. Tooze. of Woodburn. spoke
on "The Influence Upon Our Develop
ment of a Proper Exhibit at the Lewis
and Clark Fair," showing that the peo
ple of the East will be here to see from
the exhibits what Oregon offers in the
way of opportunities, and that Oregon
must make a display that will compare
favorably with those of Washington and
California. If this he done, the vlsltore
at the Fair will be convinced of the
greatness of the resources of this state.
and they will come here to make their
homes, to Invest their capital and engage
In business or industry that will further
aid In the development of our resources.
Value of a Skilled Workman.
At the evening session President P. L.
Campbell, of the University of Oregon.
delivered an address upon the value of
higher education In the development of
the state. Among other things he said
that the unskilled laborer in this state
receives J1.50 to J2 a day for his labor,
which represents the value of his work.
A skilled workman will receive $2 to $3 a
day, while a man who has been given a
college or university education will re
ceive Jl, $6 and perhaps $10 a day.
This increased pay, the speaker said,
represents the increased value of the man
to the industry of the state. In this way
he figured that if a man's earning capa
city uas been Increased $2000 a year, ne i3
worth that much more to the state, and
since this Increased income is 5 per cent
upon an investment of $40,000, he asserted
that the man capable of earning the high
er salary represents an addition of that
amount to the wealth of the state.
In like manner. Mr. Campbell figured
when a college makes a $500 man worth
$1300 year. It Increases his earning pow
er $30,000 In the SO years he may hope to
work. If such a college turn out 50 grad
uates a year it adds $1,500,000 to their total
earnlnjr power, or a per cent upon an in
vestment of $30,000,000, which represents
the value of the men. He considered this
a good output for an institution that could
be run for $100,000 a year.
Other speakers at the evening session
were: jaayor waters, oi oaaem. wno
SDoke on "Municipal Administration"; C.
B. Moo res. of Salem, whose subject was
"Beautifying Our Homes in the Cities,'
and Judge J. H. Scott, of Salem, who
spoke on Good Roads as .Developers."
At the banquet Frank Davey presided
as toastmaster. and toasts were respond
ed to by President Campbell, of tne State
University: J. F. carrou. of Portland
W. E. Coman, ef the Southern Pacific
A. 3L. LaFollett.. of Brooks; E. W. Haz
zard. of Salem; E. W. Haines, of Forest
Grove; B. F. Jones, of Toledo; August
Huckesteln. ot Salem, and W. F. Decke-
bach. of Salem.
The following committee on plan of or
ganization was appointed, and reported
a plan of organization as statea aoove:
E. W. names, Jsorest urove; ts. r.
Jones, Toledo; E. C. Roberts. Albany;
Bennett Plerson, Marion; W. J. Hadley.
Turner: W. A. Messner. Independence;
William Gunnlngton. 3IcM!nnville; F. A.
Campbell, Monmouth; Frank Davey, Sa-
(Concluded ca Fourth Pise.)
Czar Rejects Minis
LISTENS TO VLADIMIR
Grand Duke Insists on
WINS OVER HIS SOVEREIGN
Nicholas Says He Will Wipe
Out Disgrace in Blood. -
TALK OF PEACE ENRAGES HIM
War and Marine Ministers Tell Hlrn
the Struggle Is Useless, but
He Changes to War
Party. ST. PETERSBURG, March 24. (2:50
A. M.) The correspondent of the Pub
lishers' Press called on one of the most
influential Ministers of the present
Russian Cabinet shortly before mid
night Thursday and discussed with him
the present status of the peace nego
tiations. After being assured that hia
Identity would be concealed, the Min
ister declared that the reports of peace
negotiations were hardly likely to he
borne out by the facts,' but lor this
circumstance he blamed the Grand
Ducal party and not either thes Russian
Ministry or the Czar. Safa. he: - ,
Vladimir Overrules Ministers.
''There was a conferencebetween-the
officers of the general naval arid mili
tary staffs and the Csar and his ad
visers yesterday, at whlchi the: entire"
question of war and peace was thor
oughly discussed. Eventually the Min
isters were called In, and the army
and navy experts, and the Ministry
agreed that it wa3 useless for the na
tion to continue the struggle and that
there was no good reason to postpone
seeking for peace on the best possible
"Finally-His Imperial Highness the
Grand Duke Vladimir was permitted
to discuss the subject and he ridiculed
the appeals ot the peace party.
" 'Russia is not beginning to flght,
he said, 'and there is no reason why
we should be cast down by a few re
verses. Our soldiers are true and will
uphold the traditions of the fatherland.
For one, I say continue the war.
"His remarks were echoed by others of
the Grand Ducal Cabinet, and it was plain
to be seen that His Majesty was -impressed
by their argument. He will con
sult further with hlo Ministers, but. If
the Czar 13 to settle the question, then it
will be war to the end and there will bo
no peace if Russia has to submit to any
Czar Angry at Talk of Peace.
"Hia Majesty finally made a strong ad
dress, in which he declared that no true
son of Russia could wish the nation to
grovel at her enemy's feet. He declared
that the mistakes of the past would be all
rectified in the future, and that the army
and navy, realizing full well the weight
of their responsibility, would from now
henceforth wipe out in "blood the disgrace
that had been placed upon them by offi
cers who failed to appreciate the weight
of their responsibilities!. His Majesty
stuck to his position and the discussion
finally took on a serious phase. One ot
the Ministers took it upon himself to try
to explain to the Czar that the prestige
of the nation abroad wa9 at stake, but
His Majesty Insisted that he was right.
"The Emperor Anally dismissed the con
ference In anger, and it seems certain
that. If he does not consent to a peace
movement, a Cabinet .crisis must result."
BANKERS FORCE PEACE MOVE
Fear for Security of Loans Has Over
come National Jealousy.
WASHINGTON, March 23. The sud
den growth of the sentiment In Rus
sian official circles in favor ot peace
is not at all surprising to the officials
here, because it is in line with tha
predictions ot the American Embassy
in St. Petersburg, when last heard from
on this subject. In fact, it was gath
ered that the real obstacle in the way
of beginning negotiation to this end
was to he found rather in the Jeal
ousies of European powers outside of
Russia than in the Czar's own court.
There has for some time been sub
stantial evidence that by the execution
of quiet pressure from the outside upon
the St. Petersburg government, it
might be induced to break th.a dead
lock In the situation, which results
from the reluctance ot each, belligerent
at a, matter of pride to making the first
overtures for reace. But Just at this
point the efforts of the real friends of
peace are said to have been negatived
by tbe fears or some European powers
that their direct Interests might, suffer
In a settlement which they did not ar
range. There is reason to believe now,
however, that the great financial in
terests of London, Berlin and Paris,
looking to their salvation and the secur
ity of their enormous Russian loans, hava
risen above National lines, and that to
the exertion of their powerful InStSeace is
due the promise of peace in the near fu