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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. XLV. 2s 0. 13,816.
P.0BTLA2STD, OREGON, TUESDAY, MARCH 21, 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
SHOT BY A BOY
Governor of Viborg Has
AM EMEMY OF FINLAND
He Had Incurred Hatred by
WOULD-BE ASSASSIN CAUGHT
Three Shots Frorn One-Armed Boy of
Fifteen Years Lay Low Governor,
Whose Removal the Finns
VIBORG, European Russia, March 20.
Governor MlasoredofC was shot and seri
ously -wounded today by a boy about 15
years old, who obtained an entrance to
the Governor's office and fired three times
at him, one bullet Inflicting a serious
wound and the others slightly -wounding:
tho Governor in the leg.
The Governor's clerks and , secretary
were unable to stop the -would-be assassin,
who reached the street, where, however,
he was arrested without a struggle.
Tho Governor's" condition is critical.
Assassin Had Been in Exile.
The youth who shot the Governor has
been identified as Malll Hjalmar Relnikke,
who admits that he Is a revolutionist. He
halls from Kurikke Parish in the north
west part of Finland, but recently has
been living in Stockholm, to avoid arrest
on account of his known revolutionary
ideas. He returned four days ago to Fin
land by way of Tornea. and spent three
days in "Viborg, but declines to reveal his
Governor MiasoredofC has been most en
ergetic In the Russificatlon of Finland,
and memorials have been sent to the
Estates petitI6nlng for his removal on ac
count of his alleged illegal methods and
the general conditions in his province,
which were pronounced to be intolerable.
Audacity of the Boy.
At 3 o'clock in the afternoon Relnikke
gained access to the Governor's Cabinet
and fired a shot from the threshold. Then
advancing; he fired twice more, after
which he jumped behind and urider the
Governor's writing table. "With his pis
tol he held up the clerks who were rush
ing in, and managed to reach the street.
Secretary Markoff, who followed him,
summoned assistance, and the would-be
assassin was captured. Relnikke, who
lost one of his arms recently In a railway
accident, when asked if his name was
"The police of Helslngfors know me, my
motive .and the Governor's record."
The crime was committed with an auto
matic pistol of the same type as the one
with which Hohenthal assassinated Soln
inen, the Procurator-General of Finland,
on February 6.
Viborg is a seaport town of Finland,
capital of a government, on a deep inlet
of the Gulf of Finland. 7i miles northwest
of St. Petersburg. It has a citadel built
on the site of the original town, which
was founded by the Swedes in 1293. It
has a college and a female school and
an active export trade.
Proposed Reforms for Finland.
ST. PETERSBURG. March 2L (2:17 A.
M.) The authorities here are drawing up
a programme of administrative reforms
for Finland, with a -view to re-establishing
order and diminishing racial antago
nisms. LITHUANIA DEMANDS EQUALITY
Another Province Speaks on Reform,
and Tolstoi Evolves Some Ideas.
ST. PETERSBURG. March 20. Lithu
ania, the last of the non-Russian pro
vinces to formulate demands for restora
tion of its ancient privileges, asks equal
ity with the Russian Inhabitants In the
matter of purchasing and leasing land,
freedom of religion, recognition of the
Lithuanian language in all public husl
ness and in the courts, and that knowl
edge of the language be made obligators'
upon all Russian officials coming in con
tact with the Lithuanian population.
Count Tolstoi, in an interview, reiterates
at length his view on the efficiency of the
proposed governmental reforms. He says:
"This striving for a renewal of the state
Is Impossible until the people have within
themselves the image of the living God.
Civilisation has become savage. "When
the war with Japan Is finished, there will
he war with India for Thibet. Human
happiness is only obtained when each In
dividual will do his utmost, one in the
workshop, another in the field and an
other to compose sonatas. It only mat
ters that each fulfils his duty creates
pomethlnf. Positive rest will come of
Itself. R( form is of little value when hu
manity is savage."
Troops to Suppress Riotous Jews.
BORISOE, European Russia, March
20. Three squadrons of dragoons have
started for Bercslna, where armed Jews
are reported to have killed the Chief of
Police and a number of his assistants.
MAY POOL CONVENTION TRAFFIC
Transcontinental Roads Propose an
Agreement on Portland Business.
CHICAGO. March 20. General pas
senger agents of the Colorado and Pa
cific, Coast railroads are in conference
here for the purpose of reaching an
understanding regarding tho convention
business at Denver and Portland during
the coining Summer and to arrange, if
possible, for a pooling of the business
No agreements have been arrived at.
hut there are reports of progress indi
cating that some sort of a polling ar
rangement ultimately will be made.
Owing to the Lewis and Clark Exposi
tion at Portland this Summer, there
will be many conventions in the West.
The rates for these are fixed by the
Trans-continental "Passenger Associa
tion and the "Western Passenger Asso
ciation, but the rivalry between the
lines for this business always has been,
keen. It i said to be the purpose of
the proposed agreemont to limit the
number of free tickets which each road
shall give to delegations, possibly cut
ting off this courtesy entirely, and to
pool the business- by routing over the
lines in as noarly equal proportlonsas
HAS HUNDREDS OF "WITNESSES
But Government Has Not Selected
. Grand Jury on Beef Trust.
CHICAGO, March 20. Government in
vestigation of tho beef trust began today.
Judge Humphrey, of Springfield, admin
istered the oath to tho venire men. The
Government is represented by Assistant
District Attorney F. J. Morrison and As
sistant Attorney-General Oliver H. Pagln.
Much Information bearing on the alleged
violation of the Sherman anti-trust law is,
said to be in the hands of the Federal
The independent packers, headed by
Schwarzs child & Sulzberger, have ar
ranged to present evidence to the Gov
ernment tending to show the manner in
which the smaller packer . has been
forced to follow tho dictation of the so
called "Big Five."
"Witnesses from Kansas City have
assigned dates for their appearance at the
grand Jury session. Several reported to
the District Attorney's office today. Of
the 300 subpenas issued. Clerk MacMlllan.
of tho District Court, reported that all
except four have been properly served.
Attorney John S. Miller, appearing in the
case for all the packers denies that any
witnesses for the, Government have been
spirited away, and are on "vacations,"
as has been reported.
Because of the failure to secure 16 men
who are. In the opinion of Judge Hum
phrey, sufficiently removed in business af
fairs from the packing Industry, the
swearing in of the Jury was delayed until
tomorrow. Only 15 out of the 23 were ac
cepted for jury service. Sixteen being re
quired to constitute a quorum, additional
summons were issued.
Eight witnesses have been subpenaed to
appear before the investigators tomor
row. TAKING EVIDENCE IN NEW YORK
Searching Examination of Trust
Agents Regarding Its Methods.
NEW YORK, March 20. United States
District Attorney H. I- Burnett has
taken evidence here for a week past in
connection with the so-called beef trust
Investigation of the Federal grand Jury
In Chicago. The list of witnesses has
not been made public, but is reported to
include the names of all the New York
representatives of the big packing con
cerns. The taking of testimony began
last Monday and continued until Thurs
day, when an adjournment was taken
until next Thursday.
The witnesses, it is said. were ques
tioned In regard to tho methods of the
companies in adjusting business east of
Chicago, rebates to large dealers, and
the alleged "blacklisting" In the credit
systems employed by the firms. All Gen
eral Burnett would say was that what
was being done was "worth" while, at any
WAITING TO SEE THE PROTESTS
Arrkeny and Piles Stand by Baker
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, March 20. The Washington Sena
tors today called on the Attorney-General
to find out wnatprotests had been made
against the appointment of George H.
Baker as Marshal and Joseph B. Lindsley
as Attorney for the new Eastern Wash
ington judicial district. They were told
that the reports had not been received
and were not now expected until Thurs
da'. Senator Piles said this evening that he
and Senator Ankeny would remain in
Washington until the Marshal and Attor
ney for the new district have been, ap
pointed. Northwest Postal Changes. ,
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, March 20. Washington Postmas
ters appointed: Chard. Garfield County,
Laura L. Cady vice William J. Chard, re
signed; Lamona, Lincoln County, Mollle
O. Dixon vice C. F. Dixon, resigned.
Washington, rural routes ordered estab
lished April 15: Brush Prairie, Clark
County, Route 1, population 910, houses
202; Kirkland, King County, Route 1, pop
ulation 805, houses 179.
Samuel O. Haughen has been appointed
regular, William Adams substitute, car
rier. Route 5, at Sherwood, Or.
BASELESS HOPES OF MOOES.
Think Kaiser Will Help the Sultan
TANGIER, Morocco, March 20. The an
nouncement that Emperor William will
visit Tangier August 31, is causing great
excitement among the natives. Even in
fluential Moors express the belief that
Germany will help the Sultan against
the French and assert that the German
Emperor's visit will be the death-blow to
BERLIN, March 20. Discussing the
supposition abroad that Germany has
designs on Morocco and is opposing the
plans of France, the semi-official North
German Gazette refers to Emperor Will
iam's utterances at Vigo, Spain, in 1S01.
during his meeting with King Alphonso,
that Germany sought no territorial ad
vantages in Morocco of any sort, but only
desired a continuance of economic
"It Is not presumed here." the oaner
adds, "that the Sultan Intends to enter
into any engagement that would limit
his cholceor interfere with his power in
the future to treat equally traders of all
countries within bis territories. More
over, the situation in Morocco interferes
with the world's traffic."
EXTEA SESSION LN 0CTOBEB
Allison Predicts President's Course
and Favors Regulation xf Rate?.
PES MOINES, March 20. Senator Al
lison is authority for the statement that
President Roosevelt will call Congress in
extra session October L two months in
advance of the regular session, for the
purpose of considering the railroad-rate
investigation. Senator Allison also ex
pressed his own views relative to the rate
question. He stands for empowering the
commission to adjust rates, declaring that
there are many abuses which are subject
E IS JUSTIFIED
Coroner's Jury Exoner
ates Detective Day,
AT THE SGHRAM IMQUEST
Shot While 'Attempting to
WHAT THE AUTOPSY SHOWS
Physicians Declare That Wounded
Man's Heart Was in Such, a Con
dition That Shock Proved
Fatal to Him.
VERDICT OF iVKY.
That L. Sehram dime to his d'-ath on
Harch 19. 1900. at Good Samarium Hos
pital, from exhaustion, dua to fatty de
generation of the heart, caused by shock
following the effects of a gunshot wound
in the left lejr. the ald shot ha vine
been fired by Joseph Day, a. detective
in the employ of the City Police Depart
ment, who was detailed to arrest the
. eald Louis Bchram for passing forged
checks, in an attempt to stop the said
Bchram from making his escape after
he had been arrested.
And it Is the opinion of the jury that
the action of the detective in this mat
ter was Justifiable
, A. H. STUART,
GEORGE H. KEENE,
J. H. REAGAN.
A. J. CRAIG.
H. TV. PRETTTMAN,
Headquarters Detective Joe Day was
last night exonerated from blame for
the shooting of Louis Schram, alias
Schumer, the jury Impaneled by Acting
Coroner A. L. Flnley bringing in a ver
dict saying he -was Justified. Schram
was a forger. He attempted to escape
when placed under arrest last Friday
night, refusing to halt when warned.
He died Sunday night at Good Samari
tan Hospital, and to determine the
right of Day to shoot, the Inquest was
What made a clear case for Detec
tive Day, asldo from other testimony,
was the findings of City Physician Zan,
Assistant Slocum and Dr. Ray Matson,
of tho Good Samaritan staff. They per
formed the autopsy, and decided Schram
came to his death from fatty degenera
tion of the heart, following the sh.ock
of the wound in his left leg.
"L have never seen such a weak
heart In a man of Sch rain's physical
proportions," explained Dr. Zan. "The
walls were very frail. I think had I
amputated the limb immediately after
the wound was received, he would have
lived. This Is a question, however."
Weiner Also Shot Schram.
It developed, from testimony given
by Detective Daniel Weiner, Day's trav
eling mate, that the bullet that pierced
Sch ram's right foot, finding' lodgment
in tho shoe, was fired by "Weiner. m He
used a 41-callber revolver, whllo Day
fired a 38-caliber. "Weiner volunteered
this information, as he explained he
wished to share the responsibility for
All of yesterday and until the close
of the inquest last night. Detective Day
was very nervous and kept much to
himself. "When the verdict of the Cor
oner's jury was made public, ho shook
hands with each juryman, warmly
thanking: each for the justification of
District Attorney Manning appeared
for the state. Deputy City Attorney
Fitzgerald was present on behalf of
the city, but did not ask any questions,
merely desiring to be present if need
ed. Acting Coroner Pinley swore the
witnesses. The inquest began promptly
at 7:30 o'clock, six witnesses were ex
amined and the case left with the jury
in just one hour. At 8 o'clock the ver
dict was reached.
During the progress of the case it was
shown hy Thomas F. Donahue, employed
by the Holmes Coal & Ice Company, that
Schram attempted to "pass a forged check
for 57.55 at the bar of tho Pacific Hotel,
Thursday afternoon. He was refused.
He succeeded in passing the one for
J 13.50 Thursday, however, the act cost
ing him his life.
Lehman Gives Testimony.
District Attorney Manning first called
"W. H. Lehman, one of the proprietors
of the Pacific Hotel. He told of his
bartender, Harry" A. Burbank. cashing
the bogus check. He said, he went to
the First National Bank, where he was
Informed the paper was worthless. He
and Burbank also related going to po
lice headquarters and explaining the case
to Captain Moore, who assigned Detec
tives Day and "Weiner to It. and also
narrated the locating of Schram at Eigh
teenth and Savier. his arrest by Day,
the attempted escape and final shooting.
Both Lehman and Burbank were certain.
they testified, that Day and "Weiner re
peatedly warned Schram to halt before
shooting; that Schram bolted from them:
that he knocked Day Into the middle of
the street and brushed Weiner aside: also
that he cursed the officers when they
began shooting, saying, 'Tou -guys
couldn t hit anything." .
Thomas F. Donahue, next called, told
of the appearance at the offices of the
Holmes Coal & Ice Company last Tues-
j!ay, and of his saying he was an Eagle,
was broke and wanted help. Before Don
ahue got through with Schram, he said.
ho found him to be ''crooked." Schram
lied to him, ho swore, concerning Mrs.
schram, nrst tciung mm sne was in
Seattle, but later, being caught in his
own trap, confessed to the falsehood.
Donahue also saw Schram attempt to
pass the check for 17.50. which ?was In
payment for drinks, and later saw him
make a quick exit from the place when
two men came in. Witness said he as
certained that Schram had passed a
check on one of thorn, and wished to
avoid meeting them. He said he advised
Schram to settlo up accounts and leave
the city, as he thought that the best
way out of the trouble. Schram. denied
Detective Day on Stand.
Detective Day was then .placed on the
stand, and related in detail the move
ments of all concerned in the affair from
the time of the call of Lehman and Bur
bank at police headquarters until
Schram was conveyed to the hospital In
a patrol wagon. Day explained, as has
already been published, the meeting with
Schram, bis request to be permitted to
go home to see his wife, his break for
liberty, the mad race along the streets
and final shooting. He said he and De
tective Weiner repeatedly warned Schram,
to halt, but he cursed them instead. They
ran him about 300 feet before firing, and
he had attacked both before, said Day.
District Attorney Manning took Day in
charge, asking him what instructions, if
any, he had been given by the Chief of
Police regarding the use of firearms.
"I don't remember of "receiving any
special Intsructions," said Day. T guess
the Chief leaves it to the judgment of the
officer on the ground, as the officer alone
khows the circumstances."
Day was not asked concerning the in
structions of tho police manual, supposed
to be carried by all officers of the depart
ment, which says revolvers are not to
be used except In self-defense. Neither
were any questions asked him or Weiner
as to why there Is no record of the arrest
of Schram at police headquarters, or
why no formal complaint was ever made
Schram's body will bo shipped to Seat
tle today, by request of Mrs. Addle
Schram. his wife. Not until last night
did she make her whereabouts known.
She went to Seattle Immediately after
the shooting, refusing to call upon her
wounded husband at the hospital.
Not a Member of Seattle Family.
8 BATTLE, March 20. Louis F. Schram,
killed in Portland, does not belong to the
well-known Schram family of this city.
He was a teamster for a number of years
and several months ago passed the civil
servlco examination for patrolman In the
Police Department, hut never got on the
SAY AMOUNT IS EXORBITANT
-America and Britain Hold Out
Against Paying Samoan Claim.
LONDON, March 20. The Associated
Press understands that there are no pros
pects of an early settlement of Germany's
Sam'oah claims. A tentative offer of $40,000
has been declined. Germany's claim of
$130,000, when divided between the United
States and Great Britain, is conceded to
be not worth haggling over, but the two
irovernmentH Rtand together on TrlnHnl
Non the refusal to settle.
The claim for $120,000 Includes moral
damage, and the American and British
experts to whom the accounts were sub
mitted report that the claim represents
ten times the actual losses. Germany has
been Informed that the two governments
are anxious to settle, and would be will
ing to pay any reasonable sum, as other
claims are awaiting" the result of this set
tlement, but they consider that ,560,000
each is exorbitant.
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPER
TODAY'S Occasional rain: brisk, squally
south to southwest winds.
TESTERDATS Maximum temperature, 64
dee.; minimum 48. Total precipitation, 0.3S
The War in tho Par East.
Xewa of crushing blow to Ruestan army being
withheld. Page 2.
War party in Russia, caricatures Roosevelt and
tries to draff France and Germany Into
war. Page 2.
Lialeritch inspects newly-arrived troops.
Governor of Viborg Province seriously wounded
by boy terrorist. Page 1.
France awaits action of courts before sending
fleet to Venezuela. Pace 3.
Horace G. Burt offered presidency of Panama
Canal Commission. Page B. -
Preamt Canal Commission a failure.- Page 8.
Cherokee Indians win suit for millions In Court
xf Claims. Page 5.
Terrible explosion in shoe factory at Brockton,
Mass., causes over 60 deaths. Page 1.
Chicago judge says woman has right to kill
husband In self -defense. Page 1.
Chicago Council takes away franchise of big
gest street railway. Page 3.
11 Dunn and J. A. Cross ley, Lebanon bank
robbers, taken to the Oregon Penitentiary
for five years. Page 4.
Two masked men take 210,000 payroll of Pa
cific Coast Oil Company near Berkeley, Cat.
Rush of settlers to Twin Fall irrigation tract,
near' Shoshone. Idaho. Page 4.
Haunted by murdered man's eyes, E. R.
Bodlne, converted at Oakland, confesses
crime. Page 4.
Portland aad Vicinity.
Coroner's jury exonerates Detective Day for
shooting escaping prisoner. Page X. -
Health Board officers may be changed at elec
tion. Pare 12.
Lodge of Elks sued for property acquired as
result of foreclosure of mortgage. Page 10.
All of the concessions for the Trail have prac
tically been sold. Page 14.
Neither Sheriff nor Chief of Police will make
member of Sailors Union a special police
man. Page. S.
Big golf contest is arranged for Pacific Coast
Vn"Waverly links. Page 12.
Fred T. Merrill announces his candidacy for
Mayor. Page 8.
Japanese stabbed by countryman In a brawl
will die. Pare 8.
Monster wave .strikes steamer F. A. KUhum,
almost swamping her. Page 8.
Failure of sufficient patronage at the Colum
bia Theater causes the manager to announce
that with the end of the week the season
of the stock company will end. Page 7.
Commercial ase Marise.
Slow demand for hops. Page 13.
Stock market given good gap port. Page 13.
General selling weakens -wheat prices at Chi
cago. Pare IS.
San Franc laco suffers from scarcity of oranges.
Page IX . '
Troops brought-up on transport Boford landed.
Pas 12, .
Bursting Boiler Spreads
Death and Ruin.
FLAMES FINISH THE WORK
At least Sixty Persons Killed
at Brockton, Mass.
THEIR BODIES ARE CREMATED
Shoe Factory Swarming With People
Ripped Asunder by Exploding
Boiler and Burned With
BROCKTON. Mass., March 21. 2 A.
1L) At this hour the remains of 53 per
sons have been recovered from the ruins
o" the Grover & Co. factory. Seven
bodies have been Identified, but only
threo or four positively. Fifty-three
persona are known to be still missing,
the names of 31 of whom have been ob
tained. Many others are reported miss
ing, but It la considered possible that
some of them are at their homes in
At this hour 253 survivors have been
accounted for. The estimates of the
dead range from 60 to SO, and of the
injured from. 50 to 100.
There have been no deaths at the
hospitals; but four persons are on the
BROCKTON, Mass., March 30. at least
60 persons were killed early today hy
tho explosion of a. boiler in a large shoe
manufacturing establishment in the
Campbell district conducted hy the RB.
Q rover Company. The explosion was Im
mediately followed by a flash of flame
which consumed the factory, .a. Ion?, four
story structure, as If it were a house of
cards, and Incinerated an unknown num
ber of men and women who were unable
to extricate themselves front the mass
of tangled wreckage formed by tho ter
rific upheaval In the boiler-room. More
than 60 of the employes in the building
were maimed, burned or bruised by the
time they reached safe ground. Some
had jumped from the roof, some from
windows and others had been Injured
in the mad rush to escape the doomed
factory, all parts of which emitted the
heat of an Inferno, driving back the
band of heroic rescuers who in a few
minutes performed gallant service.
The fire extended from the factory to
seven other buildings in the vicinity and
destroyed them. One of these buildings
was a three-story wooden block, the
other being cottages of small value and
a blacksmith shop. The wooden dwellings
near the engine-room were practically de
molished by the flying boiler, but none
of their occupants were seriously in
jured. The total financial loss Is esti
mated at 5250,000, 00,000 of which falls
on the K. B. Grover Company.
Number of Dead Uncertain.
It may never be known Just how many
persons - perished in the wreckage. No
one knows exactly how many persons
were In the factory. The number has
been estimated at 400, hut Treasurer
Charles O. Nelson sold tonight he doubted
whether there were bo many at work.
Two hundred and fifty survivors have
been accounted for, and at midnight the
remains of 50 bodies had been recovered
from the ruins, the search being con
tinued all night. Fragments of human
frames which might possibly belong to
bodies other than thoso removed have
also been found. Few of the remains
have been Identified. The head in nearly
every Instance Is missing and, except in
rare Instances, It was Impossible even
to distinguish the sex.
Chief of Police Boyd en at a late hour
tonight expressed the opinion that some
of the employes had not reached the
factory at the time of the explosion, and
that undoubtedly a number of those living
In nearby places who were Injured had
gone home without reporting- their In
juries. He thought that many of those
unaccounted for, more than 1C0 in number,
were among these.
There is no trace of the -body of David
"W. Rockwell, engineer of the plant, and
it Is supposed that he perished at his
An inspection of the wrecked boiler by
the State Boiler Inspector showed that
there was a sufficient supply of water in
it. The cause of the explosion is not
List of the -Dead and Missing.
The work of Identifying' those killed
progressed slowly Owing- to the gen
erally unrecognizable remains of tho
The list of identified dead follows:
J. Bay Cole, Harry BT. Hall, Jereona Mayo,
aged CO; George Smith, Emma B. Pray,
Florence A. Dunham,' bookkeeper, aged 10;
Samuel A. Tlley, foreman, stitchlng-room;
Ernest Carlson, 39, former City Councilman;
Nellie Lcary, llieo Serena Shaw Burrow, 20;
Marion Tufts, Miss Fitzgerald. James X. Bell.
At midnight a list of missing was
given out at the Campello police sta
tion. There Is pood reason to believe
that all were killed, as every effort
made to locate them has failed. The list
Andrew Johnson. John Lundell, Jennie Styles.
Alrooran Hallett, Miss Georgle Emerson, MUs
Mary Fitzpatrick, George Burmese, Barnabas
Iys wis, David "W. Rockwell, engineer; Hancah
Xindberg. Sadie Hickey. J. Victor Turner. Ar
thur Pray. Alderman George A. Monk. Beceie
Chandler, of "Whitman; A. F. Kelson. Bror
Lundell, Samuel Lovejoy. Mra. Stella Kelley.
Mrs. Clara.' Atwood, Richard Soriggins, Mamie
QCobb11t itaai Leonard, TV. K. Arjwtrosjk
Kate Kelly. Louis Hickey. Granville Hoppln,
Miss Burgess. Linus Bcrle, Mlas "Willie V.
Hurt!, John N. Sullivan.
Hive Reduced to Slaughter-Pen.
The explosion, which was followed by
such a sacrifice of life and entailed, appalling-
instances of human suffering, oc
curred shortly after the operatives had
settled down to work for the day. "With
out warning, suddenly tho air vibrated
with the roar of an explosion. At the
same moment the large wooden frame
of the factory, a four-story structure,
quivered and then the rear portion of it
collapsed. This section of the great build
ing had been transformed Into a mass of
Iron and wood wreckage. In tho midst
of which human beings were pinioned. In
another moment firo had broken out in
the debris and death by fire and suffoca
tion became .tho fate of scores of the
When the boiler exploded It passed upward-
almost perpendicularly, tearing a
passage a3 it went and .killing many on
the way. After rising high In the air
It descended half the distance and then,
swerving northerly, cut Its way like some
huge projectile through a dwelling-house
50 feet away, piercing another dwelling
Scenes of horror followed the wrenching-
apart of the factory building. In the
rear the three upper floors, weighted as
they were with heavy machinery, col
lapsed with a crash that was beard for
blocks. Men and women working in de
partments of this section, who were busy
at their machines, had time but to turn
in an attempt to flee after the first dull
roar, when the flooring sank beneath
them and" they were carried to the ground
floor, crushed and bruised amid the mass
of debris. Many fell Into a veritable fiery
Flames Burst Out Among Ruins.
In the sections of the factory which re
mained standing the operatives were
panic-stricken as they sought to escape.
Many fled down the stairways and reached
the street. Others ran to the windows,
the fire-escapes in many instances having
been torn away by the explosion. In des
peration many jumped, from the second
and third-story windows to the ground
and were dangerously injured. The crush
on the stairways resulted In numerous
Scarcely had the rear portion of the
structure collapsed when a tongue of
flame started up from the boiler-pit and,
reaching out as it ascended, communi
cated with the splinters of the wreckage
and Immediately afterward with the
standing wails. Soon .the entire story was
Instant death was the fate of many who
went down with the floors that collapsed.
A large number of men and wpmen who
were working la tho building were alive
after the floors and walls fell. From
these unfortunates cries of agony and
terror went up. Almost all had been
caught between broken timbers, lighter
wooden wreckage and heavy pieces of
machinery... A few persons succeeded In
extricating themselves from the wreck
age, but more were roasted to death.
Rescued at Risk of More Lives.
By this time nearby citizens had ar
rived to assist the employes who es
caped la tho rescue of their fellows.
This task became momentarily more dif
ficult and perilous, for the heat from the
fire was almost unbearable. By the use
of long pieces of timber rescuers were
able to ral3e parts of the wreckage and
thereby release some of the imprisoned
men and women, and then, by rushing
into the smoke, pull them from the ruins.
Then it was that acts of sacrifice and
heroism were seen. One man whose
legs -were caught under an iron beam
cried to the rescuers that they could
not extricate him and to help the girls
behind him. Stretching: out his arms,
he lifted several girls, one by one, and
passed them to the rescuers:- Then the
fire had him and he died.
A woman who was entangled In a
shoe machine cried out that she was
dying, and commanded the rescuers to
attend the others, who might live. She
begged to be shot. Soon the flames en
Among the first to arrive on the
scene was Rev. James O'Hourke,
curate at St. Margaret's Roman Catho
lic Church, neat the fire.- At the risk
of hi3 life he removed seven persons
from the ruins "before the fire had
reached them and was returning: for
the eighth when he fainted. Father
O'Rourke administered the last rites
of the church to many Catholics.
Dying Encourage the Living.
Many persons rushed into the ruins
and pulled out the Injured at the im
minent risk of 'their own lives. Im
prisoned operatives, too far away for
rescue and who knew that their lives
would last but a few minutes, spoke
words of encouragement to those who
seemed nearer escape. Some prayed
aloud; others pleaded with the rescuers
to say "good-bye" to relatives.
Tho spectacle unnerved many who
were trying: vainly to get to the vic
tims, and some turned away sick and
fainting. Members of the Fire Depart
ment with ladders aided greatly in the
work of rescue, but their time, for work
was short, for within a brief interval
fire closed over the wreckage and the
cries of the imprisoned were hushed.
In the meantime the fire was spread
ing- from the Grover factory. It leaped
across Calxnar street to a three-story
brick, block at the corner of Main street
owned by Charles F. Dahlburg and oc
cupied by a hardware store, and then
to a wooden lodging-house, a dwell
ing-house and small buildings, all of
which were destroyed. From the rear
of the factory the flames stretched
across Denton street to two dwellin
houses. By this time the entire Fire
Department and all the police reserves
were on the scene, but with the high
wind blowing the flames could not be
checked and soon reached the wooden
dwellings. These buildings were prac
tically ruined, but at this point the fire
Boiler Srnaushcs Two Houses.
The house to the north of the factory,
through which the exploded boiler
crashed, was owned and occupied by
David "W- Rockwell, the engineer in
charge of the toiler, who was among
the killed. The house was demolished.
the root being ripped off and two walls
tCoafludid on Fifth-Page.)
KILL THE BRUT
Right of Woman At
tacked by Husband.
JUDGE DEFINES THE LAW
Dismisses, Charge of Murder
HE SAYS SHE WAS JUSTIFIED
Plain Definition of American Idea
of Woman's Rights Given by
Judge Kerstens of Chicago,
CHICAGO, March 20. (Special.) "A
woman, when married, does not become
the chattel or slave of her husband," said
Judge Kersten today, when, he int-tructed.
the jury in his court to return a verdict
acquitting her of the murder on New
Year'3 night last of her husband, Harry
C. Hopkins, who was the owner of a
She had passed the evening at the
house of a friend and, while there, he
renewed old quarrels with her. "When
they reached their home Hopkins, ac
cording to the evidence, continued his
abuse. The evidence sustained the de
fense and, when Daniel Donahoa, her at
toray, moved that the court instruct for
an acquittal, Assistant State's Attorney
Newcomer admitted that the state could
not oppose the motion.
May Kilt In Self-Defense.
Judge Kersten said in his decision:
"A woman has the same rights that
her husband has and her husband la
bound to preserve her rights to thesame
degree that she is bound to preserve his,
and, if the woman is unfortunate enough
to marry a brute who considers It a
recreation and pastime to misuse her,
maltreat her and beat her, she has a
right, if assaulted to use such force
as is necessary to protect herself, even
to the point of killing her assailant.
"Now, the evidence in thla case clearly
establishes the fact that the deceased
was in the habit of maltreating, abusing
and beating this woman. It clearly es
tablishes that on the night in question he
made a brutal and vicious assault on her,
and she had a right under the circum
stances. If she honestly believed she was
In great danger of losing: her' life or of
receiving great bodily harm, to use such
force as was necessary to protect her
self, and what was necessary under, the
circumstances no person on earth could
tell except herself.
Would Have Been Killed Herself.
"I believe from all the evidence nr
all the circumstances that have been In
troduced here that .the woman acted
conscientiously to begin with, and that, if
she had not protected herself In the man
ner she did, she probably would nb be
1 think the justification Is perfect In
this case and the act she committed
was done under circumstances which
Justified it. This motion to Instruct the
jury to find the defendant not guilty la
TREES TO FORCE INTERVENTION
Russia's Scheme to Escape From
Further Mauling by Japan.
ST. PETERSBURG, March 20.-One of
the highest authorities in the Russian em
pire discussed the war in the Far East
with the correspondent of the Associated
Press last, night, and after considerable
persuasion declared that he believed that
the end of the war would be in sight, were
it not that the Czar and his advisers were
endeavoring to force European interven
tion. For obvious reasons he declined to
be quoted, but finally he consented to give
out an Interview.
After reviewing the progress of the war
and the tconstant succession of defeats
dealt out to the Russians, he said: -
"The trouble has been that our higher
officers have been behind the times and
that they have failed to take advantage
of their opportunities. However, now
that Russia; is defeated and her power on
sea and land shattered, there comes a
well-night unanimous demand from all
classes to end the war. This has had con
siderable influence on His Majesty, but
behind it all he recalls the fact that the
United States, Germany and Great Britain
all agreed that the Integrity of China
must be preserved, and therefore the ad
visers of the Czar have persuaded him
to continue the conflict until the powers
decide to intervene and thus help Russia
out. This means that the officials hope
that Japan will be prevented either from
taking an indemnity or retaining control
of any portion of Manchuria. Russia fol
lowed the same tactics after the last war
and she can always be depended on to
carry out her plans, regardless of what
the effect may be on Internal affairs." -
It is rumored here that, in order to pla
cate the people of Finland, the Russian
government has decided to restore some
of the ancient principles of self-government,
giving such autonomy as existed
under Alexander J.
Al lee's Offer Has No Effect
DOVER, Del.. March 20. Senator Al
ice's proposition to resign In favor of
Colonel H. A. Dup'ont, in event of the
regular Republicans consenting to the
election of J. E. Addlcks Senator for
the full term, had no effect oh the Sen
atorial deadlock. On the contrary, it only
served to draw the factional lines closer.
The ballot resulted; Addlcks. 15, Sauls
bury 3, Henry A. Dupont 9, Hughes
(Dem.) 8, Coleman Dupont 7; total vote
62; necessary to & choice' 27.