VOL. XLV. 2s 0. 13,816. P.0BTLA2STD, OREGON, TUESDAY, MARCH 21, 1905. PRICE FIVE CENTS. SHOT BY A BOY Governor of Viborg Has Deadly Wound. AM EMEMY OF FINLAND He Had Incurred Hatred by tyrannous Energy. WOULD-BE ASSASSIN CAUGHT Three Shots Frorn One-Armed Boy of Fifteen Years Lay Low Governor, Whose Removal the Finns Vainly Sought. VIBORG, European Russia, March 20. Governor MlasoredofC was shot and seri ously -wounded today by a boy about 15 years old, who obtained an entrance to the Governor's office and fired three times at him, one bullet Inflicting a serious wound and the others slightly -wounding: tho Governor in the leg. The Governor's clerks and , secretary were unable to stop the -would-be assassin, who reached the street, where, however, he was arrested without a struggle. Tho Governor's" condition is critical. Assassin Had Been in Exile. The youth who shot the Governor has been identified as Malll Hjalmar Relnikke, who admits that he Is a revolutionist. He halls from Kurikke Parish in the north west part of Finland, but recently has been living in Stockholm, to avoid arrest on account of his known revolutionary ideas. He returned four days ago to Fin land by way of Tornea. and spent three days in "Viborg, but declines to reveal his stopping place. Governor MiasoredofC has been most en ergetic In the Russificatlon of Finland, and memorials have been sent to the Estates petitI6nlng for his removal on ac count of his alleged illegal methods and the general conditions in his province, which were pronounced to be intolerable. Audacity of the Boy. At 3 o'clock in the afternoon Relnikke gained access to the Governor's Cabinet and fired a shot from the threshold. Then advancing; he fired twice more, after which he jumped behind and urider the Governor's writing table. "With his pis tol he held up the clerks who were rush ing in, and managed to reach the street. Secretary Markoff, who followed him, summoned assistance, and the would-be assassin was captured. Relnikke, who lost one of his arms recently In a railway accident, when asked if his name was Relnikke replied: "The police of Helslngfors know me, my motive .and the Governor's record." The crime was committed with an auto matic pistol of the same type as the one with which Hohenthal assassinated Soln inen, the Procurator-General of Finland, on February 6. Viborg is a seaport town of Finland, capital of a government, on a deep inlet of the Gulf of Finland. 7i miles northwest of St. Petersburg. It has a citadel built on the site of the original town, which was founded by the Swedes in 1293. It has a college and a female school and an active export trade. Proposed Reforms for Finland. ST. PETERSBURG. March 2L (2:17 A. M.) The authorities here are drawing up a programme of administrative reforms for Finland, with a -view to re-establishing order and diminishing racial antago nisms. LITHUANIA DEMANDS EQUALITY Another Province Speaks on Reform, and Tolstoi Evolves Some Ideas. ST. PETERSBURG. March 20. Lithu ania, the last of the non-Russian pro vinces to formulate demands for restora tion of its ancient privileges, asks equal ity with the Russian Inhabitants In the matter of purchasing and leasing land, freedom of religion, recognition of the Lithuanian language in all public husl ness and in the courts, and that knowl edge of the language be made obligators' upon all Russian officials coming in con tact with the Lithuanian population. Count Tolstoi, in an interview, reiterates at length his view on the efficiency of the proposed governmental reforms. He says: "This striving for a renewal of the state Is Impossible until the people have within themselves the image of the living God. Civilisation has become savage. "When the war with Japan Is finished, there will he war with India for Thibet. Human happiness is only obtained when each In dividual will do his utmost, one in the workshop, another in the field and an other to compose sonatas. It only mat ters that each fulfils his duty creates pomethlnf. Positive rest will come of Itself. R( form is of little value when hu manity is savage." Troops to Suppress Riotous Jews. BORISOE, European Russia, March 20. Three squadrons of dragoons have started for Bercslna, where armed Jews are reported to have killed the Chief of Police and a number of his assistants. MAY POOL CONVENTION TRAFFIC Transcontinental Roads Propose an Agreement on Portland Business. CHICAGO. March 20. General pas senger agents of the Colorado and Pa cific, Coast railroads are in conference here for the purpose of reaching an understanding regarding tho convention business at Denver and Portland during the coining Summer and to arrange, if possible, for a pooling of the business No agreements have been arrived at. hut there are reports of progress indi cating that some sort of a polling ar rangement ultimately will be made. Owing to the Lewis and Clark Exposi tion at Portland this Summer, there will be many conventions in the West. The rates for these are fixed by the Trans-continental "Passenger Associa tion and the "Western Passenger Asso ciation, but the rivalry between the lines for this business always has been, keen. It i said to be the purpose of the proposed agreemont to limit the number of free tickets which each road shall give to delegations, possibly cut ting off this courtesy entirely, and to pool the business- by routing over the lines in as noarly equal proportlonsas possible. HAS HUNDREDS OF "WITNESSES But Government Has Not Selected . Grand Jury on Beef Trust. CHICAGO, March 20. Government in vestigation of tho beef trust began today. Judge Humphrey, of Springfield, admin istered the oath to tho venire men. The Government is represented by Assistant District Attorney F. J. Morrison and As sistant Attorney-General Oliver H. Pagln. Much Information bearing on the alleged violation of the Sherman anti-trust law is, said to be in the hands of the Federal prosecutor. The independent packers, headed by Schwarzs child & Sulzberger, have ar ranged to present evidence to the Gov ernment tending to show the manner in which the smaller packer . has been forced to follow tho dictation of the so called "Big Five." "Witnesses from Kansas City have assigned dates for their appearance at the grand Jury session. Several reported to the District Attorney's office today. Of the 300 subpenas issued. Clerk MacMlllan. of tho District Court, reported that all except four have been properly served. Attorney John S. Miller, appearing in the case for all the packers denies that any witnesses for the, Government have been spirited away, and are on "vacations," as has been reported. Because of the failure to secure 16 men who are. In the opinion of Judge Hum phrey, sufficiently removed in business af fairs from the packing Industry, the swearing in of the Jury was delayed until tomorrow. Only 15 out of the 23 were ac cepted for jury service. Sixteen being re quired to constitute a quorum, additional summons were issued. Eight witnesses have been subpenaed to appear before the investigators tomor row. TAKING EVIDENCE IN NEW YORK Searching Examination of Trust Agents Regarding Its Methods. NEW YORK, March 20. United States District Attorney H. I- Burnett has taken evidence here for a week past in connection with the so-called beef trust Investigation of the Federal grand Jury In Chicago. The list of witnesses has not been made public, but is reported to include the names of all the New York representatives of the big packing con cerns. The taking of testimony began last Monday and continued until Thurs day, when an adjournment was taken until next Thursday. The witnesses, it is said. were ques tioned In regard to tho methods of the companies in adjusting business east of Chicago, rebates to large dealers, and the alleged "blacklisting" In the credit systems employed by the firms. All Gen eral Burnett would say was that what was being done was "worth" while, at any rate. WAITING TO SEE THE PROTESTS Arrkeny and Piles Stand by Baker and Lindsley. OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash ington, March 20. The Washington Sena tors today called on the Attorney-General to find out wnatprotests had been made against the appointment of George H. Baker as Marshal and Joseph B. Lindsley as Attorney for the new Eastern Wash ington judicial district. They were told that the reports had not been received and were not now expected until Thurs da'. Senator Piles said this evening that he and Senator Ankeny would remain in Washington until the Marshal and Attor ney for the new district have been, ap pointed. Northwest Postal Changes. , OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash ington, March 20. Washington Postmas ters appointed: Chard. Garfield County, Laura L. Cady vice William J. Chard, re signed; Lamona, Lincoln County, Mollle O. Dixon vice C. F. Dixon, resigned. Washington, rural routes ordered estab lished April 15: Brush Prairie, Clark County, Route 1, population 910, houses 202; Kirkland, King County, Route 1, pop ulation 805, houses 179. Samuel O. Haughen has been appointed regular, William Adams substitute, car rier. Route 5, at Sherwood, Or. BASELESS HOPES OF MOOES. Think Kaiser Will Help the Sultan Against France. TANGIER, Morocco, March 20. The an nouncement that Emperor William will visit Tangier August 31, is causing great excitement among the natives. Even in fluential Moors express the belief that Germany will help the Sultan against the French and assert that the German Emperor's visit will be the death-blow to French Influence. BERLIN, March 20. Discussing the supposition abroad that Germany has designs on Morocco and is opposing the plans of France, the semi-official North German Gazette refers to Emperor Will iam's utterances at Vigo, Spain, in 1S01. during his meeting with King Alphonso, that Germany sought no territorial ad vantages in Morocco of any sort, but only desired a continuance of economic equality. "It Is not presumed here." the oaner adds, "that the Sultan Intends to enter into any engagement that would limit his cholceor interfere with his power in the future to treat equally traders of all countries within bis territories. More over, the situation in Morocco interferes with the world's traffic." EXTEA SESSION LN 0CTOBEB Allison Predicts President's Course and Favors Regulation xf Rate?. PES MOINES, March 20. Senator Al lison is authority for the statement that President Roosevelt will call Congress in extra session October L two months in advance of the regular session, for the purpose of considering the railroad-rate investigation. Senator Allison also ex pressed his own views relative to the rate question. He stands for empowering the commission to adjust rates, declaring that there are many abuses which are subject to correction. E IS JUSTIFIED Coroner's Jury Exoner ates Detective Day, AT THE SGHRAM IMQUEST Shot While 'Attempting to Make Escape, WHAT THE AUTOPSY SHOWS Physicians Declare That Wounded Man's Heart Was in Such, a Con dition That Shock Proved Fatal to Him. VERDICT OF iVKY. That L. Sehram dime to his d'-ath on Harch 19. 1900. at Good Samarium Hos pital, from exhaustion, dua to fatty de generation of the heart, caused by shock following the effects of a gunshot wound in the left lejr. the ald shot ha vine been fired by Joseph Day, a. detective in the employ of the City Police Depart ment, who was detailed to arrest the . eald Louis Bchram for passing forged checks, in an attempt to stop the said Bchram from making his escape after he had been arrested. And it Is the opinion of the jury that the action of the detective in this mat ter was Justifiable , A. H. STUART, GEORGE H. KEENE, PAT MURRAY. J. H. REAGAN. A. J. CRAIG. H. TV. PRETTTMAN, Headquarters Detective Joe Day was last night exonerated from blame for the shooting of Louis Schram, alias Schumer, the jury Impaneled by Acting Coroner A. L. Flnley bringing in a ver dict saying he -was Justified. Schram was a forger. He attempted to escape when placed under arrest last Friday night, refusing to halt when warned. He died Sunday night at Good Samari tan Hospital, and to determine the right of Day to shoot, the Inquest was held. What made a clear case for Detec tive Day, asldo from other testimony, was the findings of City Physician Zan, Assistant Slocum and Dr. Ray Matson, of tho Good Samaritan staff. They per formed the autopsy, and decided Schram came to his death from fatty degenera tion of the heart, following the sh.ock of the wound in his left leg. "L have never seen such a weak heart In a man of Sch rain's physical proportions," explained Dr. Zan. "The walls were very frail. I think had I amputated the limb immediately after the wound was received, he would have lived. This Is a question, however." Weiner Also Shot Schram. It developed, from testimony given by Detective Daniel Weiner, Day's trav eling mate, that the bullet that pierced Sch ram's right foot, finding' lodgment in tho shoe, was fired by "Weiner. m He used a 41-callber revolver, whllo Day fired a 38-caliber. "Weiner volunteered this information, as he explained he wished to share the responsibility for the affair. All of yesterday and until the close of the inquest last night. Detective Day was very nervous and kept much to himself. "When the verdict of the Cor oner's jury was made public, ho shook hands with each juryman, warmly thanking: each for the justification of his act. District Attorney Manning appeared for the state. Deputy City Attorney Fitzgerald was present on behalf of the city, but did not ask any questions, merely desiring to be present if need ed. Acting Coroner Pinley swore the witnesses. The inquest began promptly at 7:30 o'clock, six witnesses were ex amined and the case left with the jury in just one hour. At 8 o'clock the ver dict was reached. During the progress of the case it was shown hy Thomas F. Donahue, employed by the Holmes Coal & Ice Company, that Schram attempted to "pass a forged check for 57.55 at the bar of tho Pacific Hotel, Thursday afternoon. He was refused. He succeeded in passing the one for J 13.50 Thursday, however, the act cost ing him his life. Lehman Gives Testimony. District Attorney Manning first called "W. H. Lehman, one of the proprietors of the Pacific Hotel. He told of his bartender, Harry" A. Burbank. cashing the bogus check. He said, he went to the First National Bank, where he was Informed the paper was worthless. He and Burbank also related going to po lice headquarters and explaining the case to Captain Moore, who assigned Detec tives Day and "Weiner to It. and also narrated the locating of Schram at Eigh teenth and Savier. his arrest by Day, the attempted escape and final shooting. Both Lehman and Burbank were certain. they testified, that Day and "Weiner re peatedly warned Schram to halt before shooting; that Schram bolted from them: that he knocked Day Into the middle of the street and brushed Weiner aside: also that he cursed the officers when they began shooting, saying, 'Tou -guys couldn t hit anything." . Thomas F. Donahue, next called, told of the appearance at the offices of the Holmes Coal & Ice Company last Tues- j!ay, and of his saying he was an Eagle, was broke and wanted help. Before Don ahue got through with Schram, he said. ho found him to be ''crooked." Schram lied to him, ho swore, concerning Mrs. schram, nrst tciung mm sne was in Seattle, but later, being caught in his own trap, confessed to the falsehood. Donahue also saw Schram attempt to pass the check for 17.50. which ?was In payment for drinks, and later saw him make a quick exit from the place when two men came in. Witness said he as certained that Schram had passed a check on one of thorn, and wished to avoid meeting them. He said he advised Schram to settlo up accounts and leave the city, as he thought that the best way out of the trouble. Schram. denied his guilt. Detective Day on Stand. Detective Day was then .placed on the stand, and related in detail the move ments of all concerned in the affair from the time of the call of Lehman and Bur bank at police headquarters until Schram was conveyed to the hospital In a patrol wagon. Day explained, as has already been published, the meeting with Schram, bis request to be permitted to go home to see his wife, his break for liberty, the mad race along the streets and final shooting. He said he and De tective Weiner repeatedly warned Schram, to halt, but he cursed them instead. They ran him about 300 feet before firing, and he had attacked both before, said Day. District Attorney Manning took Day in charge, asking him what instructions, if any, he had been given by the Chief of Police regarding the use of firearms. "I don't remember of "receiving any special Intsructions," said Day. T guess the Chief leaves it to the judgment of the officer on the ground, as the officer alone khows the circumstances." Day was not asked concerning the in structions of tho police manual, supposed to be carried by all officers of the depart ment, which says revolvers are not to be used except In self-defense. Neither were any questions asked him or Weiner as to why there Is no record of the arrest of Schram at police headquarters, or why no formal complaint was ever made against Schram. Schram's body will bo shipped to Seat tle today, by request of Mrs. Addle Schram. his wife. Not until last night did she make her whereabouts known. She went to Seattle Immediately after the shooting, refusing to call upon her wounded husband at the hospital. Not a Member of Seattle Family. 8 BATTLE, March 20. Louis F. Schram, killed in Portland, does not belong to the well-known Schram family of this city. He was a teamster for a number of years and several months ago passed the civil servlco examination for patrolman In the Police Department, hut never got on the force. SAY AMOUNT IS EXORBITANT -America and Britain Hold Out Against Paying Samoan Claim. LONDON, March 20. The Associated Press understands that there are no pros pects of an early settlement of Germany's Sam'oah claims. A tentative offer of $40,000 has been declined. Germany's claim of $130,000, when divided between the United States and Great Britain, is conceded to be not worth haggling over, but the two irovernmentH Rtand together on TrlnHnl Non the refusal to settle. The claim for $120,000 Includes moral damage, and the American and British experts to whom the accounts were sub mitted report that the claim represents ten times the actual losses. Germany has been Informed that the two governments are anxious to settle, and would be will ing to pay any reasonable sum, as other claims are awaiting" the result of this set tlement, but they consider that ,560,000 each is exorbitant. CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPER The Weather. TODAY'S Occasional rain: brisk, squally south to southwest winds. TESTERDATS Maximum temperature, 64 dee.; minimum 48. Total precipitation, 0.3S Inch. The War in tho Par East. Xewa of crushing blow to Ruestan army being withheld. Page 2. War party in Russia, caricatures Roosevelt and tries to draff France and Germany Into war. Page 2. Lialeritch inspects newly-arrived troops. Page 2. Foreign. Governor of Viborg Province seriously wounded by boy terrorist. Page 1. France awaits action of courts before sending fleet to Venezuela. Pace 3. National. Horace G. Burt offered presidency of Panama Canal Commission. Page B. - Preamt Canal Commission a failure.- Page 8. Cherokee Indians win suit for millions In Court xf Claims. Page 5. Domestic Terrible explosion in shoe factory at Brockton, Mass., causes over 60 deaths. Page 1. Chicago judge says woman has right to kill husband In self -defense. Page 1. Chicago Council takes away franchise of big gest street railway. Page 3. Pacific Coast. 11 Dunn and J. A. Cross ley, Lebanon bank robbers, taken to the Oregon Penitentiary for five years. Page 4. Two masked men take 210,000 payroll of Pa cific Coast Oil Company near Berkeley, Cat. Page i. Rush of settlers to Twin Fall irrigation tract, near' Shoshone. Idaho. Page 4. Haunted by murdered man's eyes, E. R. Bodlne, converted at Oakland, confesses crime. Page 4. Portland aad Vicinity. Coroner's jury exonerates Detective Day for shooting escaping prisoner. Page X. - Health Board officers may be changed at elec tion. Pare 12. Lodge of Elks sued for property acquired as result of foreclosure of mortgage. Page 10. All of the concessions for the Trail have prac tically been sold. Page 14. Neither Sheriff nor Chief of Police will make member of Sailors Union a special police man. Page. S. Big golf contest is arranged for Pacific Coast Vn"Waverly links. Page 12. Fred T. Merrill announces his candidacy for Mayor. Page 8. Japanese stabbed by countryman In a brawl will die. Pare 8. Monster wave .strikes steamer F. A. KUhum, almost swamping her. Page 8. Failure of sufficient patronage at the Colum bia Theater causes the manager to announce that with the end of the week the season of the stock company will end. Page 7. Commercial ase Marise. Slow demand for hops. Page 13. Stock market given good gap port. Page 13. General selling weakens -wheat prices at Chi cago. Pare IS. San Franc laco suffers from scarcity of oranges. Page IX . ' Troops brought-up on transport Boford landed. Pas 12, . FACTORY ATOMS Bursting Boiler Spreads Death and Ruin. FLAMES FINISH THE WORK At least Sixty Persons Killed at Brockton, Mass. THEIR BODIES ARE CREMATED Shoe Factory Swarming With People Ripped Asunder by Exploding Boiler and Burned With Other Buildings. BROCKTON. Mass., March 21. 2 A. 1L) At this hour the remains of 53 per sons have been recovered from the ruins o" the Grover & Co. factory. Seven bodies have been Identified, but only threo or four positively. Fifty-three persona are known to be still missing, the names of 31 of whom have been ob tained. Many others are reported miss ing, but It la considered possible that some of them are at their homes in nearby towns. At this hour 253 survivors have been accounted for. The estimates of the dead range from 60 to SO, and of the injured from. 50 to 100. There have been no deaths at the hospitals; but four persons are on the danger list. BROCKTON, Mass., March 30. at least 60 persons were killed early today hy tho explosion of a. boiler in a large shoe manufacturing establishment in the Campbell district conducted hy the RB. Q rover Company. The explosion was Im mediately followed by a flash of flame which consumed the factory, .a. Ion?, four story structure, as If it were a house of cards, and Incinerated an unknown num ber of men and women who were unable to extricate themselves front the mass of tangled wreckage formed by tho ter rific upheaval In the boiler-room. More than 60 of the employes in the building were maimed, burned or bruised by the time they reached safe ground. Some had jumped from the roof, some from windows and others had been Injured in the mad rush to escape the doomed factory, all parts of which emitted the heat of an Inferno, driving back the band of heroic rescuers who in a few minutes performed gallant service. The fire extended from the factory to seven other buildings in the vicinity and destroyed them. One of these buildings was a three-story wooden block, the other being cottages of small value and a blacksmith shop. The wooden dwellings near the engine-room were practically de molished by the flying boiler, but none of their occupants were seriously in jured. The total financial loss Is esti mated at 5250,000, 00,000 of which falls on the K. B. Grover Company. Number of Dead Uncertain. It may never be known Just how many persons - perished in the wreckage. No one knows exactly how many persons were In the factory. The number has been estimated at 400, hut Treasurer Charles O. Nelson sold tonight he doubted whether there were bo many at work. Two hundred and fifty survivors have been accounted for, and at midnight the remains of 50 bodies had been recovered from the ruins, the search being con tinued all night. Fragments of human frames which might possibly belong to bodies other than thoso removed have also been found. Few of the remains have been Identified. The head in nearly every Instance Is missing and, except in rare Instances, It was Impossible even to distinguish the sex. Chief of Police Boyd en at a late hour tonight expressed the opinion that some of the employes had not reached the factory at the time of the explosion, and that undoubtedly a number of those living In nearby places who were Injured had gone home without reporting- their In juries. He thought that many of those unaccounted for, more than 1C0 in number, were among these. There is no trace of the -body of David "W. Rockwell, engineer of the plant, and it Is supposed that he perished at his post. An inspection of the wrecked boiler by the State Boiler Inspector showed that there was a sufficient supply of water in it. The cause of the explosion is not known. List of the -Dead and Missing. The work of Identifying' those killed progressed slowly Owing- to the gen erally unrecognizable remains of tho victims. The list of identified dead follows: J. Bay Cole, Harry BT. Hall, Jereona Mayo, aged CO; George Smith, Emma B. Pray, Florence A. Dunham,' bookkeeper, aged 10; Samuel A. Tlley, foreman, stitchlng-room; Ernest Carlson, 39, former City Councilman; Nellie Lcary, llieo Serena Shaw Burrow, 20; Marion Tufts, Miss Fitzgerald. James X. Bell. At midnight a list of missing was given out at the Campello police sta tion. There Is pood reason to believe that all were killed, as every effort made to locate them has failed. The list follows: Andrew Johnson. John Lundell, Jennie Styles. Alrooran Hallett, Miss Georgle Emerson, MUs Mary Fitzpatrick, George Burmese, Barnabas Iys wis, David "W. Rockwell, engineer; Hancah Xindberg. Sadie Hickey. J. Victor Turner. Ar thur Pray. Alderman George A. Monk. Beceie Chandler, of "Whitman; A. F. Kelson. Bror Lundell, Samuel Lovejoy. Mra. Stella Kelley. Mrs. Clara.' Atwood, Richard Soriggins, Mamie QCobb11t itaai Leonard, TV. K. Arjwtrosjk Kate Kelly. Louis Hickey. Granville Hoppln, Miss Burgess. Linus Bcrle, Mlas "Willie V. Hurt!, John N. Sullivan. Hive Reduced to Slaughter-Pen. The explosion, which was followed by such a sacrifice of life and entailed, appalling- instances of human suffering, oc curred shortly after the operatives had settled down to work for the day. "With out warning, suddenly tho air vibrated with the roar of an explosion. At the same moment the large wooden frame of the factory, a four-story structure, quivered and then the rear portion of it collapsed. This section of the great build ing had been transformed Into a mass of Iron and wood wreckage. In tho midst of which human beings were pinioned. In another moment firo had broken out in the debris and death by fire and suffoca tion became .tho fate of scores of the operatives. When the boiler exploded It passed upward- almost perpendicularly, tearing a passage a3 it went and .killing many on the way. After rising high In the air It descended half the distance and then, swerving northerly, cut Its way like some huge projectile through a dwelling-house 50 feet away, piercing another dwelling further alopg. Scenes of horror followed the wrenching- apart of the factory building. In the rear the three upper floors, weighted as they were with heavy machinery, col lapsed with a crash that was beard for blocks. Men and women working in de partments of this section, who were busy at their machines, had time but to turn in an attempt to flee after the first dull roar, when the flooring sank beneath them and" they were carried to the ground floor, crushed and bruised amid the mass of debris. Many fell Into a veritable fiery furnace. Flames Burst Out Among Ruins. In the sections of the factory which re mained standing the operatives were panic-stricken as they sought to escape. Many fled down the stairways and reached the street. Others ran to the windows, the fire-escapes in many instances having been torn away by the explosion. In des peration many jumped, from the second and third-story windows to the ground and were dangerously injured. The crush on the stairways resulted In numerous minor Injuries. Scarcely had the rear portion of the structure collapsed when a tongue of flame started up from the boiler-pit and, reaching out as it ascended, communi cated with the splinters of the wreckage and Immediately afterward with the standing wails. Soon .the entire story was In flames. Instant death was the fate of many who went down with the floors that collapsed. A large number of men and wpmen who were working la tho building were alive after the floors and walls fell. From these unfortunates cries of agony and terror went up. Almost all had been caught between broken timbers, lighter wooden wreckage and heavy pieces of machinery... A few persons succeeded In extricating themselves from the wreck age, but more were roasted to death. Rescued at Risk of More Lives. By this time nearby citizens had ar rived to assist the employes who es caped la tho rescue of their fellows. This task became momentarily more dif ficult and perilous, for the heat from the fire was almost unbearable. By the use of long pieces of timber rescuers were able to ral3e parts of the wreckage and thereby release some of the imprisoned men and women, and then, by rushing into the smoke, pull them from the ruins. Then it was that acts of sacrifice and heroism were seen. One man whose legs -were caught under an iron beam cried to the rescuers that they could not extricate him and to help the girls behind him. Stretching: out his arms, he lifted several girls, one by one, and passed them to the rescuers:- Then the fire had him and he died. A woman who was entangled In a shoe machine cried out that she was dying, and commanded the rescuers to attend the others, who might live. She begged to be shot. Soon the flames en veloped her. Among the first to arrive on the scene was Rev. James O'Hourke, curate at St. Margaret's Roman Catho lic Church, neat the fire.- At the risk of hi3 life he removed seven persons from the ruins "before the fire had reached them and was returning: for the eighth when he fainted. Father O'Rourke administered the last rites of the church to many Catholics. Dying Encourage the Living. Many persons rushed into the ruins and pulled out the Injured at the im minent risk of 'their own lives. Im prisoned operatives, too far away for rescue and who knew that their lives would last but a few minutes, spoke words of encouragement to those who seemed nearer escape. Some prayed aloud; others pleaded with the rescuers to say "good-bye" to relatives. Tho spectacle unnerved many who were trying: vainly to get to the vic tims, and some turned away sick and fainting. Members of the Fire Depart ment with ladders aided greatly in the work of rescue, but their time, for work was short, for within a brief interval fire closed over the wreckage and the cries of the imprisoned were hushed. In the meantime the fire was spread ing- from the Grover factory. It leaped across Calxnar street to a three-story brick, block at the corner of Main street owned by Charles F. Dahlburg and oc cupied by a hardware store, and then to a wooden lodging-house, a dwell ing-house and small buildings, all of which were destroyed. From the rear of the factory the flames stretched across Denton street to two dwellin houses. By this time the entire Fire Department and all the police reserves were on the scene, but with the high wind blowing the flames could not be checked and soon reached the wooden dwellings. These buildings were prac tically ruined, but at this point the fire was stopped. Boiler Srnaushcs Two Houses. The house to the north of the factory, through which the exploded boiler crashed, was owned and occupied by David "W- Rockwell, the engineer in charge of the toiler, who was among the killed. The house was demolished. the root being ripped off and two walls tCoafludid on Fifth-Page.) KILL THE BRUT Right of Woman At tacked by Husband. JUDGE DEFINES THE LAW Dismisses, Charge of Murder "Against-a Wife. HE SAYS SHE WAS JUSTIFIED Plain Definition of American Idea of Woman's Rights Given by Judge Kerstens of Chicago, Lawyers Agreeing. CHICAGO, March 20. (Special.) "A woman, when married, does not become the chattel or slave of her husband," said Judge Kersten today, when, he int-tructed. the jury in his court to return a verdict acquitting her of the murder on New Year'3 night last of her husband, Harry C. Hopkins, who was the owner of a printing establishment. She had passed the evening at the house of a friend and, while there, he renewed old quarrels with her. "When they reached their home Hopkins, ac cording to the evidence, continued his abuse. The evidence sustained the de fense and, when Daniel Donahoa, her at toray, moved that the court instruct for an acquittal, Assistant State's Attorney Newcomer admitted that the state could not oppose the motion. May Kilt In Self-Defense. Judge Kersten said in his decision: "A woman has the same rights that her husband has and her husband la bound to preserve her rights to thesame degree that she is bound to preserve his, and, if the woman is unfortunate enough to marry a brute who considers It a recreation and pastime to misuse her, maltreat her and beat her, she has a right, if assaulted to use such force as is necessary to protect herself, even to the point of killing her assailant. "Now, the evidence in thla case clearly establishes the fact that the deceased was in the habit of maltreating, abusing and beating this woman. It clearly es tablishes that on the night in question he made a brutal and vicious assault on her, and she had a right under the circum stances. If she honestly believed she was In great danger of losing: her' life or of receiving great bodily harm, to use such force as was necessary to protect her self, and what was necessary under, the circumstances no person on earth could tell except herself. Would Have Been Killed Herself. "I believe from all the evidence nr all the circumstances that have been In troduced here that .the woman acted conscientiously to begin with, and that, if she had not protected herself In the man ner she did, she probably would nb be here today. 1 think the justification Is perfect In this case and the act she committed was done under circumstances which Justified it. This motion to Instruct the jury to find the defendant not guilty la granted." TREES TO FORCE INTERVENTION Russia's Scheme to Escape From Further Mauling by Japan. SPECIAL CABLE. ST. PETERSBURG, March 20.-One of the highest authorities in the Russian em pire discussed the war in the Far East with the correspondent of the Associated Press last, night, and after considerable persuasion declared that he believed that the end of the war would be in sight, were it not that the Czar and his advisers were endeavoring to force European interven tion. For obvious reasons he declined to be quoted, but finally he consented to give out an Interview. After reviewing the progress of the war and the tconstant succession of defeats dealt out to the Russians, he said: - "The trouble has been that our higher officers have been behind the times and that they have failed to take advantage of their opportunities. However, now that Russia; is defeated and her power on sea and land shattered, there comes a well-night unanimous demand from all classes to end the war. This has had con siderable influence on His Majesty, but behind it all he recalls the fact that the United States, Germany and Great Britain all agreed that the Integrity of China must be preserved, and therefore the ad visers of the Czar have persuaded him to continue the conflict until the powers decide to intervene and thus help Russia out. This means that the officials hope that Japan will be prevented either from taking an indemnity or retaining control of any portion of Manchuria. Russia fol lowed the same tactics after the last war and she can always be depended on to carry out her plans, regardless of what the effect may be on Internal affairs." - It is rumored here that, in order to pla cate the people of Finland, the Russian government has decided to restore some of the ancient principles of self-government, giving such autonomy as existed under Alexander J. Al lee's Offer Has No Effect DOVER, Del.. March 20. Senator Al ice's proposition to resign In favor of Colonel H. A. Dup'ont, in event of the regular Republicans consenting to the election of J. E. Addlcks Senator for the full term, had no effect oh the Sen atorial deadlock. On the contrary, it only served to draw the factional lines closer. The ballot resulted; Addlcks. 15, Sauls bury 3, Henry A. Dupont 9, Hughes (Dem.) 8, Coleman Dupont 7; total vote 62; necessary to & choice' 27.