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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 26, 1905)
VOL. XLTV. NO. 13,770.
PORTLAND, OEEGON, THURSDAY, JANUARY 26, 1905.
PRICE FIVE GENTS.
BOMBS IK REPLY
. of Socialist
TERROR IN POLAND
Police Slay Leader of
THEYATTAGK WITH FUR Y
Throw Bombs Into Buildings
and Among Police,
OFHCERS BLOWN TO PIECES
Wholesale Destruction Follows Wan
ton Murder, and Fight Continues
on Streets for Four Days
One Hundred Killed.
BERLIN. Jan. 25. A dispatch from
Xodz, Russian Poland, to the Frankfurter
Zeitung, a very conservative and thor
oughly reliablo organ, states that some
days ago a Socialist leader was shot dead
In that city by. the police on the street,
although the man could easily have been
Brrested without trouble.
Immediately after the killing the execu
tive committee of the Socialist party held
& secret session, at-which it was decided
to take vengeance for the murder. All
-members of the party who could be
reached at short notice were gathered to
gether and informed of the resolution.
From tho meeting place the Reds pro
ceeded through various streets, dynamit
ing everything in sight They threw bombjj,
into tho prison yard, into vodka raliJtmS,
into the liallway of the Town Hall and
through the windows of various munici
pal buildings, and finally moved against
the barracks and bureau of tho police. A
determined attack was made on these
Bombs were thrown among groups of
policemen gathered for the defense. Many
of the police were killed instantly. Others
were frightfully mutilated.
Hostilities continued for four days. Fre-.
quent clashes occurred during this period,
the police using their rifles freely and
Wiling many. It is estimated that more
than 100 deaths occurred. The number of
deaths Is stated to be very great, and the
fighting stiil continues.
SHOOTING DOWN THE FINNS.
Cossacks Wound Thirty Who Wel
cbmed Exiles Home.
HELSINGFORS, Jan. 25. Although the
crowds on the streets were smaller to
night, there was severe fighting, Cossacks
and police firing their revolvers. Some
80 persons were wounded, of whom nine
were taken to the hospital. Three are
severely wounded. Two youths had their
scalps cut and a third was struck in the
stomach by a bullet. The demonstration
A big demonstration was held upon the
urrlval of Finns who had been expelled
from the country and who recently were
given permission to return.
COSSACKS DISPERSE RIOTERS.
Only Disturbance of Peace During the
Day in Moscow.
MOSCOW, Jan. 23 (7 P. M.). A squadron
of Cossacks this evening dispersed about
$000 workmen who were growing obstrep
erous across the Moskva. Xo fatalities
ere reported. This was the only event of
tho kind during tho day.
Reports that a mob was plundering and
wrecking shops In the Trevskaia are un
true. The merchants have sent an appeal
to the Emperor to avoid bloodshed!
STRIKERS GAIN CONCESSIONS.
Governor of Reval Calms Them, and
Employers Yield Something.
RBVAL, Jan. 25. A crowd of strikers
today marched in procession to the Gov
ernor's residence. The Governor ad
dressed them in a few words and allayed
The strikers then chose a deputation to
present their demands to their employers,
who were gathered In the Governor's
rooms. The demands Include eight hours
ns a day's work and an increase of wages.
It Is reported that the results of the in
terview were satisfactory.
TRANQUIL BUT IN FEAR.
Moscow Dreads Outbreak of Strikers,
and Demands State of Siege.
MOSCOW. Jan. 25 (5 P. M.). There is
complete tranquillity within the boun
daries of this city, but the people are
keeping indoors, owing to the official
warning. The strike is spreading grad
ually, but thus far is confined to the
smaller mills. The larger Industrial con
cerns are being guarded In order to pre
vent the men employed there from being
Intimidated, but It is the belief that the
strike will become general.
There are no troops in sight in the city
proper. Probably there will be no papers
tomorrow. The citizens are alarmed at
he prospect of an. irruption of hundred
of thousands of. workmen, and demand
the proclamation of a state of siege. The
Moscow garrison is no more than 20,000,
but the authorities consider that this Is
sufficient for present needs, and evidently
are determined to avoid bloodshed If pos
sible. They declare they .have the situa
tion -well in band.
General TrepofTs appointment to the
Governor-Generalship of St. Petersburg
was a complete surprise here. It is ru
mored that Minister of the Interior Svla-topolk-Mirsky
may be appointed Governor-General
FINNISH CAPITAL IN LINE.
Ten Thousand Persons Demonstrate
for Liberty and the Constitution.
HELSINGFORS, Finland, Jan. 25. The
demonstrations here last night continued
from 7 o'clock till midnight, about 10,000
persons, principally workmen, participat
ing. There is no strike here and the
demonstrations are essentially political
Proclamations have been distributed
declaring that "Finland's people, espe
cially proletarians, join their Junior Rus
sian brethren in their gigantic struggle."
There were numerous revolutionary
speeches and the houses of two Senators
who had failed to- stand firm against the
policy of Russlfication were mobbed, as
was also the office of the newspaper Usl
Soumetar, the windows of which were
smashed. In front of the Diet House
crowds cheered for the revival of the
Finnish constitution, as has been peti
tioned by the Diet. The windows of sevr
eral restaurants were smashed.
The Cossacks were called out, but did
not charge, nor did the police Interfere
with the procession.
CONDEMNS THE MASSACRE.
Municipal Council of St. Petersburg
Speaks Out With Emphasis.
ST. PETERSBURG, Jan. 25. At today's
session of the Municipal Council a reso
lution was moved strongly protesting
against the firing by troops upon defense
less workmen on January 22 and declaring
that the Council revolted against such
ruthlessness, which undermines the pil
lars of civil order, and considered It to bo
its duty to vote 51250 for the victims'
The president prohibited discussion of
tho resolution, but an amendment voting
the money without question as to whether
the victims wore Innocent or guilty was
permitted and adopted by a large major
ity. OPPOSED TO SHOOTING.
Moscow Employers Intercede With
Government for Their Men.
MOSCOW, Jan. 25. A meeting- of em
ployes here tonight decided to send the
following telegram to the government:
"Representatives of Moscow industries
havcmet and discussed the situation aris-
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPER
TODAY'S ;Probably fair; variable wind, moat.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. M
deg-.; minimum. 41. Precipitation. 0.21 Inch.
The Outbreak In Russia.
Socialists at Lodz take fearful "vengeance on
police for murder of leader. Page 1.
Students' demonstration In Moscow broken up
by troops and much blood shed. Page 1.
Cosnacks shoot down Finns at Helslngfors.
Strike spreads to "Risa and other Baltic cities.
Governor TrepofT issues proclamation o fieri nc
concessions to strikers. Page 1.
Zemstvos demand representative OTernment.
Public bodies In Russia denounce SJ. Peters,
burs' massacre. Page 1.
Hull fishermen testify before North Sea Com
mission. Page 3.
Prince Bltel Frederick of Germany seriously
111. Page 3.
Riots and bloodshed expected at Hungarian
election today. Page 6.
Liberals suffer crushing defeat in Ontario elec
tion after holding office 32 years. Page 12.
Argument on Smoot Investigation begins to-.
day. Page 2.
Senators condemn attempt to cut General
Mllcrf pay. Page 2.
House passes appropriation bills and hears
speech on tariff. Page 2.
Appropriation for Celllo Canal won by Orego-
nlan's arguments; other Oregon river and
harbor appropriations. Page 1.
Bill to remove abuses In lieu-land selections.
Interstate Commerce Commission says rebatos
hare been stopped. Page 6.
Worst billiard since 18SS sweeps Atlantic
coast and Middle West. Page 1.
Congress asked to Investigate charges of cor
ruption against Consular Judge Goodnow. of
Shanghai. Page 12.
Ladrones suffer heavily in battle .with Philip
pine scouts. Page 12.
Mayor Schmltz. of San Frnaclsco. summarily
removes Police Commissioner Hutton.
Governor Mead signs the Lewis and Clark Fair
bill. Page 5.
ES-Cfi-shlf r C. B. Wade is released on ball at
Pendleton. Page 12.
Proceeding In Salem Senate and House.
The Washington Legislature provides for Joint
conference on fishing legislation. Page G.
Foster shows slight gain In ballots for United
State Senator; members are growing rest
less. Page S.
Commercial and Marine.
"Weekly review of local produce and Jobbing
markets. Pace 13.
Weakness of stocks at New York, due to Rus
sian crisis. Page 13.
Chicago wheat closes firm on good support.
Sharp advance in barley at San Francisco.
Wallowa County wool clip contracted for.
Steam coaster Inaugurates rate war. Page 12.
Schooner Mahukona In perilous position Just
inside Columbia River. Page 12.
Portland and Vicinity.
Union Pacific Company will aid In advertising
the Lewis and Clark Exposition. Page S.
Attorney arrested at Los Angeles for land-title
frauds has a Portland record. Page 8.
Passage of Library bill In House at Salem
causes natlsfactlon to educators and those
Interested In library work. Page 8.
Plans of Portland Consolidated Railway Com
pany show many proposed Improvements for
the coming year. Page 9.
Returns expected on large scale in land-frauds
Investigation' at close of present session.
County Assessors adjourn session and so to
. S&la to urge ev tax laws. Xaxe 7.
WOK BY OREGON
Struggle Was -Hard for
WILL SPEND $300,000
Continuing Contract May Be
Made Next Year.
OREGON FARES WELL IN BILL
Ample Provisions Made for Columbia
Jetties, Channel to Sea, Upper
Willamette, Channel to Van
couver and Other Work.
BIVER AND HARBOR IUNDS FOB
OREGONIAN NBW8 BUREAU. Wash
ington, J. C, Jan. 25. The river and
harbor bill, which was finally agreed
upon far the Hour committee today,
carries tbe followlrg Items:
Mouth of Columbia....
Columbia and Willam
ette below Portland.,
Columbia, between Van
couver and mouth of
Willamette above Port
land Columbia at Cascades.
Upper Columbia and
Harbors along Oregon
coast, maintenance ..
Grand total, $1,345,000.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, "Wash
ington, Jan. 25. In view of tho unprece
dented paring down of river and harbor
isppropriatlomclV yKr,'hna' In face o"
the efforts of Republican leaders in Con
gress to enforce the most rigid economy,
the Columbia River has been exception
ally well cared for In the river and harbor
bill just completed by the House commit
tee. While the appropriations are not as
large as asked for, they average up well
alongside those made for other sections
of tho country; in fact. Chairman Burton
admitted today that he thought the Pa
cific Northwest had received more liberal
treatment than any other part of the
The appropriation which is most grati
fying to friends of the Columbia River
Is that which insures the building of The
Ialles-Celilo Canal. Mr. Burton, backed
by almost tbe entire committee, stood out
against this project more persistently
than against any other proposition
brought before him, and It was only un
der intense pressure that he yielded.
Continuing Contract 'Next Year.
It was the hope and Intent of the friends
of this project to have It made a contin
uing contract. Could this have been done,
the canal would have passed beyond the
jurisdiction of the river and harbor com
mittee and would have received an an
nual appropriation In the sundry civil
bill, m amounts sufficient to pay for
work as It progressed, until completed.
But on this point Mr. Burton was un
yielding. Nevertheless, the final action
of the committee is in tbe nature of a
compromise, for while an immediate ap
propriation of $50,000 is made, the Army
Engineers are authorized to make con
tracts for $250,000, which Is equivalent to
an appropriation of $300,000. The $250,000
not carried by this bill will be incorpora
ted in the sundry civil bill next session, In
plenty of time, according to the engineers,
to meet payments.
There is strong hope that by the time
this money is expended Congress will be
willing to make the Celllo Canal a con
tinuing contract, so that it need not again
be considered in the river and harbor
It will be noted that the amount allowed
for the Celllo Canal Is $30,000 greater than
that announced in these dispatches yester
day. It will likewise be noted that the
committee, after its persistent opposition,
has actually given the Celllo Canal proj
ect CO per cent of the amount asked for
by the Arms Engineers, a very high per
centage, in view of all the circumstances.
Sums for Other Oregon Work.
Three other Columbia River appropria
tions are spilt up like that for the Celilo
CanaL Three hundred thousand dollars
is made immediately available for the
mouth of the Columbia, and the engi
neers are authorized to make contracts
for $300,000 additional, this last sum to be
carried in the next sundry civil bill. Like
wise, for Improving the channel from
Portland to the sea, $100,000 Is appropria
ted In the river and- harbor bill, and'
$125,000 additional will be carried in the
next sundry civil bilL For dredging a 20
foot channel between Vancouver and the
mouth of the "Willamette. $30,000 in cash Is
appropriated and another $30,000 will be
provided next year in the sundry civil
For Harbors in Washington.
The following amounts are allowed
Tacoma Harbor, dredging- Puyallup
-waterway, $40,000 cash; $200,000 in sun
dry civil bill.
Lakes Union and Washington Canal,
$125,000 for dredging at Ballard and au
thorization of new survey to determine J
whether a one-lock canal can he sub
stituted lor tho . two-lock project.
Grays Harbor, $30,000.
Inner Grays Harbor. $30,000.
Cowlitz and Lewis rivers. $10,000.
Puget Sound and tributaries, $30,000.
. Swlnomlsh Slough, J500C.
Okanogan and Fend d'Oreille, $15,000.
Stretches Riffle, $65,000.
Bellingham Bay, $35,000.
Everett Harbor, new survey.
To Whom Credit Belongs.
When It became known that an ap
propriation was actually going to be
made for the Celllo Canal there was a
grand rush on the part of several mem
bers who have been slumbering to
share the honors of this distinct tri
umph. Credit for securing: the adoption
of this project was properly given in
yesterday's dispatch to The Oregonian.
The facts do not justify any change In
that statement. As a matter of fact,
with the exception of Senator Fulton,
Representative Jones end Representa
tive Williamson, the men supposed to
be interested In this project long: since
abandoned hope of getting any appro
priation whatever and left the entire
burden on the shoulders of that trio,
who labored unceasingly to the end.
It will be noted. In looking over the
items of the bill, that several well
known projects have been passed over,
such, for instance, as Yaquiha, Tilla
mook and Coos bays, Siuslaw River, the
Clatskanle and Yamhill and Olympla
Harbor. The lump appropriation of
$10,000 for harbors along the Oregon
coast is intended to be expended In
maintaining improvements heretofore
made at most of these points, though no
new work will be done.
Won't Buy Willamette Locks.
The committee turned down the prop
osition to buy the Portland General
Electric Company's canal and locks at
Wllamette Falls; it also turned. down
Representative Hermann's proposition'
to construct a dredge for use on bars
along. the Oregon coast. These projects
wll have to wait until some future
time, when there'is a larger surplus In
the treasury and less demand for
GOOD WORK OF THE OREGONIAN
Chief Factor in Securing Appropria
tion for Celllo Canal.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington. Jan. 25. Senator Fulton is de
lighted to learn that his efforts in be
half of the Celilo canal were not In
vain. Speaking of the victory tonight,
"It is useless to say I am extremely
gratified over what apears to be the
outcome of our labors before the rivers
and harbors committee, directed to se
curing some appropriations that would
at least stand for evidence of the in
tention of the Government to complete
that great and necessary work.
"I wish to say, hdwever. that with
out th splendid work that has been
done by Th.,' Oregonian oufeffc,rta
here would have been 7frultle3aTTlae
presentation of tho situation made by
The Oregonian was laid before the
committee and, while I have always
had a high appreciation of the stand
ing; and influence of The Oregonian
not only at home but abroad, I can
truthfully say that I never before rec
ognized what a powerful factor it has
been and is in advancing the .Interests
of the Northwest.
T?he high standing of Tho Orego
nian as a newspaper throughout the
East gives it instant hearing: and rec
ognition before committees of Con
gress. I am satisfied that the able
statements made by Tho Oregonian
of the importance and necessity to the
Northwest of the canal and locks at
Celllo exercised greater influence than
any other one factor In securing the
"Of course, the work "done by the
Washington and Idaho delegations
contributed largely to the result, and I
do not wish to underestimate or be
understood as failing to appreciate the
assistance they rendered? Nor can I
sufficiently express my appreciation
for the splendid work of- Congressman
SOUNDED A PROMPT ALARM.
Ex-Congressman Moody Tells How
Oregonian ArousedPublic Spirit.
THE DALLES. Or.feJan. 25. (Spe
cial.) Expressions of -satisfaction over
the Inclusion of the Celllo canal pro
ject In the rivers onjyharbqrs bill have
been universal here today. "Upon .the
visit of Cjoalrman B.urton and bs 'com
mittee to The Dalles some three years
since, for the purpose of viewing the
obstructions in the Columbia, the peo
ple of this; section have had firm faith
in the ultimate, opening: of the river.
The subse'jfrient acts of Congress and
the fulfillment of its right of way con
ditions, by. the state have strength
ened this sentiment into positive cer
tainty, particularly since actual work
has been begun on the rapid. That
the project was 'threatened with In
definite delay and no appropriation
aroused universal indignation through
out Eastern Oregon, which feeling- now
is turned into grateful satisfaction.
. Ex-Congressman Moody, rejoicing
over the press announcement .from
Washington today, said: "This act of
the rivers 'and harbors committee seals
and insures the completion of the Co
lilo canal project. In my Judgment an
appropriation at this critical point in
the life of the improvement will bind
Congress to continue the work and to
appropriate as required sufficient sums
speedily to complete the undertaking.
"For practically ten years prior to
1902 there had been on the statute
books of the United States a law au
thorizing the construction of a boat
railway around the obstructions in toe
Col um ola River between , The Dalles
and Celilo. but for want of an appro
priation np "progress beyond securing:
a partial right of way was ever made.
The original draft of the rivers and
harbors bill of that year provided for
the repeal of the boat railway act
without offering a substitute, and the
covering Iqto the United States Treas
ury of the $520,000 standing- to Its
credit. Before this bill was reported
to the House, an amendment was se
cured substituting for the boat rail
way project a canal project, providing
It was found feasible and could In toe
judgment of a specially appointed
board of Government engineers be con
structed .for approximately $4,000,003.
This board reported favorably but rec
ommended that no work should be
begun until a right of way for the
.(Concluded c Third Para.),
Atlantic Cofcst Feels Its
THE WORST SINCE 1888
Railroads, Steamers and
SHIPWRECKS LINE THE COAST
Whole Country From Missouri River
to Atlantic Ocean Smitten by
the Worst Blizzard for
TEMPERATURE IN LEADING
Portland. Or. (minimum) 41 above
St. Louis eiielow
Lexington. Kj. 6 below
Boston 0 above
Baltimore 21 above
Wisconsin cities 15 to 25 below
Kansas City . 11 below
Des Moines 14 below
Omaha ......IT below
Cincinnati 1 below
St. Paul 16 below
Minnedosa. Man. 32 below
Devil's Lake. N. D ...... 2S below
Moorbead. Minn. 27 below
Huron. S. D ....37 below
New York 10 above
NEW YORK. Jan. 25. Not since the
blizzard of 1SSS, by which all storms are
estimated as great or small, has New
York been so completely snow-bound as It
is tonight. The city Itself Is lying under
a foot of snow that In many places has
been banked by the wind to a height of
several feet. Surface travel early in the
day was abandoned, overhead transit was
Irregular and slow, and it remained for
the underground roads to carry home, so
far as they could reach within the city
limits.- (he hundreds of thousands of
workers from the down-town districts.
The entire coast line from the Delaware
capes north has been In the grasp of a
storm which, because of the heavy fall of
snow, the intensity of cold and the force
of the gale, has exceeded In severity any
thing experienced. In years.
Inland from Maine throughout the New
England States and the Middle Atlantic
States all reports Indicate a most com
plete Winter tie-up. Far Into the west
there Is snow and a remarkably low tem
perature. Trains and Steamers Stop.
Everywhere railroad traffic is delayed;
reports of disasters to shipping are com
ing In, and with tho rapidly falling ther
mometer much suffering must ensue. So
severe was the storm In this city that
even during the day hours several persons
were frozen to death or died from exhaus
tion. Tonight the. hospitals, police sta
tions and the houses of refuge are crowded
to their capacity.
More than once police reserves were
called out to take care of the crowds that
were struggling around the entrance to
some belated ferryboat, which was seen
to attempt another trip. Long before
sundown the homeward-bound workers
learned that trolleys everywhere through
out Manhattan had been abandoned, that
cable cars were stalled in many places,
and that for those who lived In the sub
urbs nothing remained but to take up
quarters somewhere near. at hand if they
hoped to return to work the following
Soon after 7 o'clock tonight a bulletin
was posted In the New York Central sta
tion saying that no more trains were ex
pected to arrjve tonight. This notice re
ferred to both local and express trains.
On the New Haven system very few
trains were dispatched, and those which
arrived were from four to eight hours
behind schedule time. The Boston ex
press, due to arrive at 4:15 PJ M., was
reported stalled In a snowbank at Rye.
This was the condition that prevailed on
all roads entering New York.
Vessels Run for Refuge.
Not a vessel of any kind has sailed from
or arrived at this port In more than 24
hours, and at the port of Boston only one
arrival .was reported, and that a coast
wise steamer. Two trans-Atlantic liners,
the Ryndam, carrying the mails, and the
Nord American, have been unable to leave
their piers. Seven other steamers, all
scheduled to leave their piers during the
day, ore still in port.
At Sandy Hook and Quarantine the gale
blew CO miles an hour, and a number of
vessels are reported at anchor there. The
Atlantic Transport Line steamer Menom
Inee, from London; the Holland-American
Line steamer Rotterdam and the Fabre
Line steamer Germanla. all of which have
been reported by wireless, are la Sandy
Hook Bay. A dozen or more steamers
now overdue have not been heard from.
Not a Sound steamer left tonight. Not
only was there some fear of the storm,
but little freight had been delivered to
these boats and passengers canceled their
Has Lasted Thirty Hours.
This city, always susceptible to abnormal
weather conditions, is facing a condition
unequaled since that March day years
ago when it was cut on! from tbe rest of
the world by a record snowfall. The pres
ent storm began yesterday, afternoon in
a gentle way. As night came, the wind
Increased and by midnight it was blowing
half a gale and drifting hard. At noon it
was 40 miles an hour, and with it came a.
heavy fall of snow and a temperature that
fell rapidly. The thermometer then regis
tered about 15 degrees. Tonight the mer
cury went to about 10 degrees at mid
night, and the wind at that hour was
blowing 48 miles an hour. Less snow was
falling than during the day, but it was
still piling high. Outside of Brooklyn and
Long Island City all traffic on Long Isl
and was suspended.
EXTREME COLD THROUGH WEST
Lake Region and Central, Valleys
Have Snow, Frost and Wind.
CHICAGO. Jan. 25. Practically every
town In. the Mississippi region andhe
Lake region had its weather troubles to
day. In some places it was extremely
cold; in others it was less so,' but was
snowing heavily, and In a great many oth
ers It was both cold and. snowing.
In this city the mercury, which was
about 2 below zero last night, mounted this
morning to 20 above. Then came the
snow, and a gale from the north.
The wind died somewhat tonight and
the snow ceased, but the mercury Is fall
ing, and It Is predicted that it will be
from 5 to 10 degrees below zero before
In Kansas and . Western Missouri the
weather was the coldest recorded in the
last few years. All through the Ohio
"Valley the weather was the coldest of the
Winter, ranging from 8 above to 2 below.
Reports from the South show that the
most severe weather of the Winter Is pre
vailing In that section. " Mobile had a
temperature of 26 and New Orleans 30,
and In both places the mercury is still
falling. At Mobile a cold northwest wind
drove so much water out of the slips that
many ships were left aground.
The extent 'of the cold wave can be
estimated' by the statement that with the
exception of Helena. Mont., and some
points in the State of Texas, there was
not tonight a city between the Rocky
Mountains and the Alleghenles that re
ported a temperature as high as the
freezing point, and In all places the mer
cury Is falling tonight, with the proba
bility Of it being 10 to 12 degrees lower
IN THE ATLANTIC STATES.
Bitterly Cold Wind Sweeps Snow and
BOSTON, Jan. 25. The snowstorm
which began in this city last night, as
sumed severe proportions today, tho snow
fall being accompanied by a high north
erly gale and low temperature. The ther
mometer registered nine above zero. The
official speed trial of the new cruiser
Maryland was postponed on account of
BALTIMORE, Jan. 25. Snow ha3 been
falling steadily here since yesterday aft
ernoon, and the -weather 4s intensely cold,
the thermometer marking 21 degrees
above. Dispatches from various counties
of Maryland and West Virginia report
the heaviest snow of the Winter.
PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 25. The storm
which began in this city and, surround
ing country last night, continued today
without any sign of abating. The' snow
fall registered seven Inches, and street
car travel is badly crippled.
WILMINGTON, Dela.. Jan. 25. Busi
ness here today was generally suspended
and the public schools weer closed on
account of a heavy enow storm.
CUMBERLAND, Md.. Jan. 25. Tho
heaviest snow storm of the season pre
vails here. At Terra, Ala., the tempera
ture Is 4 deg. belpw.
POUGHKEEPSIE, N. Y., Jan. 25. Up
to noon today nearly 20 inches of snow
had fallen In the Hudson Valley. Trolley
lines generally have suspended operations.
MIDDLE WEST FROZEN UP.
Railroads Snowed Up, Rivers Frozen,
Blizzards Raging Everywhere.
CEDAR RAPIDS, la., Jan. 25. A pas
senger train on the Decorah division of
the Rock Island Railway has been stalled
in a snowdrift near Independence since
last night. The passengers spent the
night In the coaches, but were rescued
today and taken to Independence In bob
sleds. The coaches were kept warm and
the passengers suffered little Inconven
ience. LACROSSE, Wis., Jan. 25. Wisconsin
Is experiencing severe cold, the tempera
ture ranging from, 12 to 25 below.
CHICAGO, Jon. 25. A severe snow
storm, accompanied by a stiff wind, pre
vailed here today. Tonight a fall of 20
degrees in temperature is predicted, six
degrees below being looked for.
KANSAS CITY, Mc, Jan. 25. Intense
cold weather continued today in the
Southwest. At Kansas City It was 11 de
grees below. In Kansas, the coldest point
was at Concordia, with 16 below. At Mus
kogee, I. T... one degree below zero, the
coldest In several years In the Indian
Territory, was recorded.
CINCINNATI, Jan. 25. Officially the
temperature today was one below zero,
although several degrees colder was re
ported in the outlying sections. Similar
temperatures were recorded throughout
the state and adjoining states. Middles
boro, Ky., experienced the coldest weath
er In six years, the mercury reaching
12 below. t
TOPEKA. Kan., Jan. 24. Unusually
cold weather prevails throughout Kansas.
There Is but little wind, and for this
reason the cattlemen are enabled to pre
vent any serious damage among their
ST. PAUL, Jan. 25. The extreme cold
weather continues, the mercury today
again registering 16 degrees below
zero, and Minnedosa, in Manitoba, re
ported 32 degrees below zero. At Devil's
Lake, N. D.. It was 28 below; at Moore
head, Minn.. 27 below, and at Huron.
S. D., 37 below.
SOUTH NO LONGER SUNNY.
Temperature Below Zero, Ohio River
Frozen, People Frost-BItten.
LOUISVILLE. Jan. 25. The country
south of the Ohio River wae today in the
grasp of a cold wave. The Ohio River
Is frozen over from bank to bank for the
first time In five years.
ST. LOUIS, Jan. 25. The coldest weath
er of the season was experienced here
today. The thermometer fell to six below.
One man was fatally frozen, and many
others were severely frostbitten. For the
first time In three years the river Is com
pletely blocked with ice.
LEXINGTON, Ky.. Jan. 25. The Blue
Grass country and Central Kentucky to
day was In tho grasp of the. worst bliz
zard since 1901. A fall of " 33 degrees
in temperature in 24 hours sent tbe mer
cury to six below.
OIL ON WAVES
Trepoff Tries to Pac
ify Workmen. .
MEASURES OF RELIEF
Tells Them to Return to
Work and Trust Czar.
STRIKES IN MANY CITIES
Demand for Free Government
Comes From All Sides,
BUTCHERY WILL BE AVOIDED
Appeals Continue to Come From
'Zemstvos and Other Bodies Say
ing Popular Representation Is
Russia's Only Remedy.
Cotrary to expectation, the first move
of the newly-appointed Governor-General
of St. Petersburg Is pacific In
character. It takes the form of a proc
lamation, jointly signed by General
Trepoff and M. Kokovseff, the Minister
of Finance, telling the strikers that
they have been led into trouble by evil
disposed persons and that their best
Interests will be served by peaceful
representations to the government.
The workmen are also assured that the
Emperor has ordered the framing- of
certain laws for their benefit and the
creation of a system of state insurance
that will protect them from want In
case of sickness or disability.
The fears of serlou3 trouble in Mos
cow yesterday were not realized The
only authenticated Intance of anything
approaching- violence there was in the
dispersal of a crowd of about 3000
workmen by Cossacks. So far as is
known, there were no casualties.
From Finland anti-Russian demon
strations ore reported, a collision be
tween a crowd of 10,000 persons and
troops and police resulting in the
wounding of about 30 Finns. In Fin
land the agitation has nothing to do
wfth the labor question, but is purely
political in character.
Political, educational and mercantile
bodies in Russia are adopting decla
rations In favor of an elective, repre
sentative legislative body and de
nouncing misrule under the autocracy.
ST. PETERSBURG, Jan. 26 (2:15 A. M.)
Governor-General Trepoff and Minister
of Finance Kokovseff issued a proclama
tion last night, which reveals the gov
ernment's plan for breaking the strike,
not only here but throughout Russia. The.
proclamation Is conceived In a paternal
tone and points out that honest work
men who want to better their condition
should have brought their demands to the
government Instead of being misled by
agitators Into afllllatlng with a movement
which is not confined to economic aspira
tions. It invites them to return to work,
promising them, In the Emperor's name,
a revision of the general laws so as to
restrict the hours of labor, the institu
tion of a plan for state insurance and
otherwise to meet their demands so far
as the law will permit and guarantees
them protection against interference by
This document will be followed either by
an Imperial manifesto along the same
lines In the hope of preventing the
spread of the strike, or by specific proc
lamations by the local authorities where
ever strike? are in progress. By prom
ising to yield the question of the hours
of labor, which are now legally 11 in
Russia, the authorities believe they will
meet the main grievance of the workmen.
This, together with the guarantee of
protection, the authorities hope, will in
duce those strikers who are indifferent to
political demands, and which class thex
declare constitute a great bulk of the
men, to resume work.
It Is certain many strikers were forced
out against their wishes, but the general
effect of the proclamation Is still proble-matical-
Strlke Spreads With Riots.
Though the strike has been spreading to
various towns, the situation tonight, whila
disquieting, ii not acute anywhere. The
great demonstration, with an accompani
ment of bloodshed, which was antici
pated at Moscow yesterday, did not oc
cur, and the strike In the ancient capital
has not spread rapidly, only about 20,000
workmen being out. according to the
latest reports. Cossacks charged and
dispersed a crowd of 3000 workmen, and
reports were circulated In St. Petersburg
that many were killed, but advices direct
from Moscow at midnight deny this, the
best Information being that only a few
blank volleys were fired.
The Moscow military has received
orders to avoid a repetition of Sunday's
tragedy here and not use ball cartridges
unless they are driven to do so by the
In several Baltic province towns there
have been considerable disorders, espe
cially In Riga, where the military are In
complete possession. In the streets of
Helslngfors there was last evening a Te-
JtConcluded on Third Page.)