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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 24, 1905)
VOL. XLIV. ISO. 13,768.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, JANUARY 24, 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Sailors and Soldiers
SACKING WHOLE CITY
Sailors at Sevastopol
Mutiny in Mass.
SOLDIERS WQfi'T SHOOT
One Regiment After Another
ADMIRALTY WORKS ABLAZE
Eight Thousand Enraged Sailors Sack
Officers' Quarters, and Regi
ment After Regiment of
Soldiers Joins Them.
KIEFF, Jan. 21 Details of the burning
of the admiralty yards at Sevastopol
have arrived here, showing that it was
the result of a mutiny of 8000 sailors, such
as never before occurred in Russia.
All Saturday there had been considera
ble talk all over the city that the sailors
in the Sevastopol barracks had grown
restive and that numerous instances of
insubordination had- occurred. Shortly
after the noon hour Monday the doors of
the barracks were thrown open and sev
eral thousand sailors forced their way
out into the street. Like a band of sav
ages, they threw themselves upon every
thing in the vicinity that could be turned
Into weapons. They tore the Iron rail
ings from the ground, broke the doors
off their hinges and smashed them into
.ilts, took up hc debris and armed them-
Moat of the sailors had secured broken
pieces of the iron railing, and brandishing
them In the air, they fell into line and
advanced to the officers quarters. In the
twinkling of an eye the building was
practically demolished and then the muti
neers made for their victims. Several
officers tried to check the advance of the
sailors. It was in vain, for those who
Ftood in the way of the mob were borne
down and trampled under foot.
Beat Captain to a Pulp.
One squad of mutineers rushed to the
rooms of a Captain, who is said to have
been particularly disliked. The officer
was seized and thrown to the floor. They
beat in his skull, and his face was man
gled beyond recognition, and then they
wrecked his rooms and took every weap
on they could find. Meanwhile, those on
the outside had set Are to the building,
which, being old and mainly constructed
of wood, was burned to the ground.
From there the mutineers rushed wildly
through the streets, setting up the cry of:
"The revolution has begun!"
In their march through the city they
were Joined by hundreds ot workmen and
roughs, who took up the slogan, carry
ing It from one part of the town to the
One detachment of sailors had separated
from the crowd and made straight for
the naval quarters. There were fully 3003
men In that crowd, and preparations were
immediately made inside the building to
meet possible attack. Admiral Tschuch
nln, w ho was just stepping into the street,
paw the men approaching. He immedi
ately went back into the building and
telephoned for a detachment of infantry
Soldiers Refuse to Shoot..
A noncommissioned officer was
placed at the head of the squad and in
structed to fire upon the sailors. He
refused, saying that among" the muti
neers was his brother. The noncom
missioned officer was Immediately ar
rested, and an officer took charge of
the detachment. The body of infantry
and the rioting sailors met in the vi
cinity of naval headquarters. The offi
cer in charge of the soldiers,gave the
order to tire.
Every man in the squad raised his
rifle and fired into the air. Immediate
ly the men were ordered back to the
barracks and placed under arrest, but
they resisted their superiors and a riot
followed. Little is known of the re
sult of this occurrence, but it is ru
mored that a number of soldiers were
shot down and that several officers lost
A second detachment of infantry had
meanwhile been ordered out to take the
place of its riotous comrades ahd sub
due the sailors, who were wrecking
everything in their path. Again the
two bodies met, this time in the area of
headquarters building. The officers
commanding the infantry shouted to
the sailors to halt and throw away their
weapons. In response the sailors
jeered and began to throw stones at
the windows of the headquarters build
ing. Immediately the command was
given to Are. At the word fire every
rifle went up and a volley crashed
against the roofs of the neighboring
Will Shoot at Officers.
Amidst the cheers of the sailors, the
detachment was marched back to the
barracks and General Voletsky or
dered out the famous Blelstocker
JB.erfmat. Xhe men jwerc marched out
into the barracks yard, where their
Colonel harangued them,' telling them
that the safety of "their country wras
at stake .and that 4t had become their
solemn duty tp shoot down every man,
. mntivr -urTint hi eaiiinir. who dis
obeyed orders. At this, defiant shouUM
broke from a hundred throats:
"If we 'are to shoot" .yelled some,
"we. will make you officers our tar
gcts." In the meantime the rioting sailors
had .made their way to thorvast com
plex of "buildings forming the"ol&Ad-J?
mlralty yards of Sevastopol. At 50
points, at once.' fire was set ,to these
structures. The tlames spread rapidly,
and the advices received here from Se
vastopol say that, while several of the
most " 'important buildings have boon
saved, it is "feared that the majority of
the structures will be destroyed.
The latest advices state that the
sailors are still running amuck in th
city, wrecking shops and being Joined
by large numbers of civilians.
MARCHING ON ST. PETERSBURG
Strikers From the Suburbs " Strike
Terror Into Aristocrats.
ST. PETERSBURG. Jan. 24. 12:30
A. M.) Theclty of St. Petersburg is In a
state of anarchy. While the principal
streets are quiet at this hour, barring
minor clashes and outbreaks, "hell" has
broken loose in the suburbs. There
Hooligans have taken up the work left
undone by the strikers and are wrecking
and pillaging all shops which they find
without the protection of barricades.
Between 9 o'clock last night and this
hour some terrible events have occurred.
Bombs have been thrown, soldiors and
strikers have been torn limb from limb by
dynamite charges, and, according to re
ports which it is Impossible to verify at
this time, one regiment at least has mu
tinied and fired upon another which re
mained loyal to the Czar.
Small Riots Are Frequent.
Small-sized riots have occurred within
the last few hours in the neighborhood of
the Palace Square, but they were mainly
due to the unrullness of small bands of
roughs, who are being as quickly sup
pressed as they come out into the open
and whose doings cannot be in any way
Identified with the strike movement. .
The workingmen seem to have com
pletely disappeared from that portion of
the city which, under strict orders issued
by the -police, is inaccessible to foreign
newspaper correspondents. Most of the
information so far obtained comes from
the various news agencies whose repre
sentatives are given far more freedom.
The several headquarters where Father
Gopon could usually be found are deserted.
The leaders, the Publishers Press cor
respondent has been Informed, are as
sembling at secret places, planning the
next move. The opinion prevails that the
worst will happen between this hour and
hard from totnc unknown souce turn j
Father popon will issue on the morrow a
proclamation calling for armed resistance.
Bomb Slays Soldiers.
The most dramatic scene of the night
occurred between 9 and 11 o'clock, when a
squad of soldiers met a crowd at two
street corners and ordered it to move on.
It refused to do so and an officer with a
-battalion of infantry appeared to enforce
the command. Suddenly a round object
came flying through the air and. falling
to the ground in the very midst of tho sol
diers, exploded with a deafening report.
When the dense smoke which followed the
explosion had cleared away, more than
ten soldiers were lying in their own blood,
mangled in a horrible manner. Nearby
lay the bodies of several strikers, who had
paid the penalty of the crime.
Soldiers Shoot One Another.
Among the events reported by local
news agencies Is one that a small body of
strikers moving upon Tsarko-Selo was
overtaken by two regiments marching to
that place In response to an order to rein
force the local guards. The strikers weTe
ordered by an officer to disperse, and.
upon their refusal to do so. the command
to fire was given. At this point the re
port is incomplete. It assorts that a con
flict ensued between one regiment, which
was willing to flre. and the other, which
refused to obey the order. Then the re-
(Conduded on Fage 5.)
Strikes Are Spreading
MOSCOW IN TURMOiu
Workmen force Clos
ing of Factories
OTHER CITIES TAKE FEVER
Great Locomotive Works
" KharkofT Will Close.
LIBERALS AID THE STRIKERS
Railroads May Also Be Involved' and
Peace With Japan Forced by Gen
eral Strike Panic Caused by
Darkness at St. Petersburg.
ST. PETERSBURG, Jan. 21, 3:25 A.
3L A report has trained currency that
the atrlkerw Intend to ntonn the mar
ket in Vasalll Ontroff and seize the
At Kolplno, 1" miles up the river, a
body of Trorkmen, it ho had wtnrtrtl for
St. Peternburrc to Join the striker,
smn stopped and fired upon by sol
diers. Accounts as to the number of killed
aid Yvounded conflict.
ST. PETERSBURG, Jan. 23. The
general strike! n Moscow is "Vroceedlnj;
on exactly the same lines ns the St.
Petersburg: strike. The proclamation
.and methods are Identical.
I.OXDOIV, Jan. 23 A dispatch from
aioncovr to Reuters' .Telegram Com
pany wijh :
... JThe Dejmty Prefect- ! bwurda?.
-proclamation wrarntns ifir pu'blJry lu
view of the strike, to avoid assem
blings and processions; otherwise the
same severe measures will be ndopted
as at St. Petersburg.
ST. PETERSBURG, Jan. 23. The
most startling feature in the situation
tonight is the news that several fac
tories in Moscow have closed and, that
the workmen in the old capital of Rus
sia are repeating the tactics of their
fellow-workmen of the new capital,
marching from shp to shop and mill
to nfill. demanding that the establish
ments be shut down. The wholes city
is reported to be In a state of great
excitement over the news of the blood
shed which has precipitated immedi
ately the strike that had been sched
uled for "Wednesday.
Moscow has more workmen and less
troops than St. Petersburg, and besides
is just now the heart of the Liberal
movement, and the danger of bloodier
occurrences than have been witnessed
here are proportionately greater. A
rising at Moscow is also likely to have
great results industrially and politi
cally than that of St. Petersburg.
According- to private reports, the
workmen in several other cities, not
ably Kharkoff, where large locomotive
works are located, already have cdm
leted plans for a general suspension of
work. Moreover, -reports are current
that the workmen, who otherwise
would soon be forced back into the
shops or starve, have received- assur
ance of financial 'Support from the)
sources which hitherto have furnished
the sinews of war to tho Liberal and
revolutionary agitation, but have npt
before been In touch with the labor
Strike May Force Peacer
. If . the strike becomes general all
over Russia, and especially If the rail
roads are drawn in,- it might Immedi
ately force, the.' nation to make peace
The situation appears gravo ' from
every standpoint, but the authorities,
although, apparently somewhat bewil
dered, declare their purpose to stand
firm, maintaining that-it is their first
duty to preserve order, scouUtrg jthe
idea of actual revolution. Seemlngry
the Ministers "are most cjujeerned over
the effect of U. .present situation
abroad, where, they declare, exagger
ated reports create a false impression.
May Appoint Commission.
A What. Ifanv. stens have. bern .talcerr
torel!eve the general situation, howI
ever, has not been yet disclosed;. buSt
tnere are extremely significant- reportw.
tonight that Emperor Nicholas,
making the decision at the extraordi
nary meeting of the Council of the Em
pire at Tsarskoe-Selo today, to declare
St. Petersburg In a state of siege, an
nounced that he had resolved to issue
a manifesto to the people with a view
of calming them, promising to create
a mixed commission of workmen and
officials to investigate and decide the
questions of the demands of the strik
ers, especially the one affecting hours
of labor, which Russian law fixe3 at 11.
The representatives of the workmen,
according to. this report, are not to be
appointed, but to be selected by the
laboring men themselves. This would
be the first concession to the represent
According' to reports, the Emperor
will endeavor to investigate yester
day's events in St. Petersburg.
The military everywhere today had
a firm grip on the situation, and the
police used every precaution, such as
forbidding the use of petroleum and
requiring the people to remain In
doors. Darkness Causes Panic.
The tension, which was somewhat
relaxed in the morning, continued to
increase during the day. Conditions ap
peared to be ominous, when, shortly
after dark, the workmen in two elec
tric light plants walked out, refusing
triple pay to remain, and plunging
half the city Into utter darkness, including-
fho Nevsky Prospect, which is
in the fashionable residence quarter.
TheJ wstor supply also was cut off,
and a veritable panic ensued. Tales
that dynamite was in the possession
of the strikers and that it was the
purpose to sack and burn the town
had been In circulation, and many peo
ple were terror-stricken.
Reserve troops were called out to
J jCovplviei c JPa-ze ,5.) "" ' ."
GREAT MASSACRES OF "RISTORY.
The bloodlewt massacre of modern
times was that of St. Bartholomew in
France. Seventy thousand Huguenots
were killed August 24. 1572.
Sixty-are thousand Croatians were
slain by the Turks in 1592.
At tho takmg of Ismallta by the Rus
sians la 1790 20,000 men, women and
children were killed.
Massacres of the last century follow:
Whites In Santo Domingo. "March 29.
French In Madrid, May 2. 1S0S.
Masnacre at Sclo, Greek Archipelago,
April 2. 1822.
Janissaries at Constantinople, June 14,
Christians at Aleppo, October 13, lSy
Christians at Damascus, July 8-11,
French missionaries at Tientsin, June
When Jerusalem was destroyed In the
year 70. It Is sold that 100.000 Jews
In the City of Alexandria in the year
215 thousands of citizens were massacred
by order of the Emperor Caracalla, be
cause he had been Insulted on a visit
In Thesialonica. 7(00 persons were In
vited into the circus and put to the
sword by order of Theodoslus In the
THE W IATEK PALACE. ULSWM. W TH E WOTS IN ST. PETERSBURG.
IT HERD AT ALL
Stoessel's Laurels Torn
From His Brow
BY A RUSSIAN ADMIRAL
One of Port Arthur's Defenders
Galls Him incapable.
pPlTULATlON A DISGRACE
He Says Kandratenko Was Life of De
fense Japanese Could Have
Taken Fortress by Surprise
at Beginning of the War.
TOKIO, Jan. 23. A Russian Admiral
who has just joined the prisoners from
Port Arthur now in Japan has given to
the correspondent of the Associated Press
an extended statement covering the de
fense and surrender of the fortress. He
characterizes the surrender before the
garrison had reached its extremity as a
disgrace, bitterly criticises General Stoes
sel and lauds Major-General Kondratenko,
commander of the Seventh East Siberian
Rifle Brigade, as the true hero of the de
fense of Port Arthur.
The Admiral says that Vice-Admiral
Makharoff, who commanded the Russian
squadron at Port Arthur, and who went
down with the battleship Petropavlovsk
on April 13. dictated the policy of Inac
tivity on the part of the squadron, taking
the ground that it would be hopeless,
owing to the inferiority of the Russian
naval strength, to engage the fleet of
Vlce-Admiral Togo, and that it would be
unwise to divide the force defending Port
Arthur by running ships to Vladivostok
or to neutral ports. The Admiral ad
mits that bitter friction existed between
the amy and navy and intimates that
there is a possibility of inquiry Into this
matter by court-martial. He Insists that
the Russians destroyed their warships at
Port Arthur beyond any possibility of sal
vage by the Japanese. The statement Is
doulff Have Been Taken With Ease..
' THe. fuMl'JapaiiSe naval attaV.k oh Jt
Arthur was an absolute surprise to both
the Russian army and navy. I admired
the manner in which the Japanese han
dled their ships and the remarkable way
in which they concealed their movements,
but they erred on the side of caution. If
in . this first attack they bad launched1" all
their torpedo-boat flotilla 'against the
Russian ships, which were in a condition
of unpreparedness. Instead of sending in
only a few vessels, they could have exe
cuted a disastrous coup demain by de
stroying practically every ship in the har
bor. Had a similarly bold policy been
carried out, the Japanese could have
landed a force to the west of the fortlned
lines and captured the fortress practically
without opposition. The forts had not
then been completed, and the majority of
the guns had not been mounted. The
garrison manning the entire line of over
ten miles numbered barely 3000 men.
There was friction between the army and
the navy as the result of orders received
from St. Petersburg.
Why Fleet Did Not Fight.
"These orders came to General Stoessel
and Intimated that "the navy should
emerge and fight the Japanese. It' would
have been useless to emerge without a
definite object in view. We knew that
we must fight immediately after we left
the harbor, for Togo's fleet awaited us.
Then, after fighting, our badly damaged
vessels would have, been forced to run
to neutral harbors and there disarm.
while our vessels escaping damage or re
ceiving only slight damage would have
been compelled to run the long distance to
Vladivostok after fighting a second en
gagement with Vice-Admiral Kamlmura's
squadron in the TsugaruStraits.
"The meaning of this was obvious. Somo
of our ships, perhaps a majority of them,
might have been able to reach Vladlvo
stock In a more or Ies3 damaged condi
tion, but what could they have done
there? Therefore the heads of our naval
force at Port Arthur, notwithstanding the
orders from St. Petersburg, deemed it
prudent not to divide the defending force,
which action would relieve Togo of the
necessity of keeping the majority of his
fleet off Port Arthur In order to protect
the Japanese transport service.
Fleet Inferior to Togo's.
"It may be argued that it was always
possible for us to give Togo successful
battle, but In that we knew our own in
feriority. The cause of that Inferiority
dates beyond the present war. The ships
of the Russian squadron at Port Arthur
were the results of endless experiments
with all kinds of naval architecture and
armament, and there was no attempt at
uniformity. The squadron was composed
of all builds, equipments, and speeds. We
were terribly handicapped in the matter
of speed, for the maximum speed of the
squadron was that of its slowest unit,
which was under 13 knots. In every case
the Japanese naval guns outranged ours
by over 1000 yards.
"These facts show practically it would
have "been a hopeless attempt to give
Togo successful battle, and that the only
thing left was to endeavor to strengthen
Vladivostok- with some of our under
manncd ships,, so that tho Vladivostok
squadron could prey on Japanese com
merce and to hold the rest of the squad
ron at Port Arthur for the purpose of
assisting in the defense Of the fortress as.
well as to keep Togo's fleet from engag
ing in other enterprises.
"The gun equipment of the fortress was
completed by the removal from the ves
sels and the mounting in the fortified po
sitions of our now useless naval guns.
This policy was decided upon by the
lamented Makharoff, our best Admiral,
with the approval of all his officers.
"General Stoessel, who was in absolute
command of the fortress, vigorously op
posed the naval policy. He maintained
that, despite the unpreparedness of the
fortress. Port Arthur could easily be de
fended by troops armed only with rifles.
He opposed the Idea that artillery was
necessary, but this resulted in causing
friction between him and the command
ers of the fortress artillery.
Stoessel Was Incapable.
"I am sorry to say that from the first
General Stoessel proved to be Incapable.
Though in full command, he never vis
ited the fighting positions during the life
time of General Kondratenko. Kondraten
ko -was not only the life of the defense
but he possessed in a large measure the
quality of a peacemaker. He Intervened
in all cases ot trouble, and always elo
quently pleaded the cause of the Em
peror and the necessity for; defense, and
these he placed above private differences.
His ceaseless energy, patience and cour
age won the confidence ofthe fctehej; offl-
fcer of oth-the 1 "ii fJTi'ijpfrf rTu
wise won the confidence of the VirfrSfion
soldiers. Fortunately fojv lbe,defense he
was able In large measure to direct lis
policy. Stoessel left much to him, and the
officers of the navy recognized in him
the one man capable of fusing the discor
dant elements. By day and by night
General Kondratenko visited every por
tion of the position and constantly risked
his life. He was our inspiration. No Rus
sian need be ashamed of the defense made
by the garrison while Kondratenko lived.
"The harbor of Port Arthur, which
has been described as wonderful, is a
deathtrap for any fleet. If the Japan
ese had succeeded in blocking the en
trance, it would have taken at least 60
days to remove the obstacles, and that
with the most powerful explosives.
"It Is difficult for a Russian officer to
talk about the end. It was worse than
a mistake It was a disgrace. The for
tress could easily have held out for
another month, as it had food and am
munition sufficient for that period, and,
if Kondratenko had remained alive. It
would have held out for months longer.
In Kondratenko the garrison not only
lost a leader, but the one man who had
the ability and the power, through his
tremendous earnestness, to control Sto
essel. "For nearly two weeks it was known
among the officers that Stoessel and his
chief of staff, Relss. who was Incompe
tent, were preparing to surrender.
Through Stoessel's servants the sol
diers became aware of what was com
ing, and. brave as they are, the knowl
edge destroyed their enthusiasm.
"At a council of war held three days
(Conclude! on Page 12)
HIS POWER GONE
Czar Forced to Yield
to Grand Dukes.
HIS ABODE A SECRET
Yacht Ready to Carry
Him to Copenhagen.
REFORM PARTY CRUSHED
Mailed Fists of Vladimir and
Sergius Rule Russia.
CZAR NOW GIVES NO ORDERS
Disorders in St. Petersburg Reach
Climax In Creation of Dual Dic
tatorship Amcng the
LIBAU, Russia, Jan. 2i.The imperial
yacht Standard Is expected here to con
vey the Czar and his family to Copen
hagen. Reports from St. Petersburg say that
the actual government is no longer in
the hands of the Czar. This statement
Is made with deliberation and with a full,
knowledge of the day's doings. The
Grand Ducal coterie, always powerful, but
until very recently held In check by the
people's pathetic faith In the power of the
"Little White Father," is in absolute
Grand Duke Vladimir commands the
troops, and every order, .whether it be
one of leniency or stern, repression. Is
isauwi -by- yikatttmtTiymm
seated" 0 he in cbntropf th a lxi t e rnai
From an excellent source comes the
(Concluded oh Sage 12.)
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPER
TODAY'S WEATHER Rain; brisk and prob
ably hi&h southerly winds.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 48
degrees: minimum temperature, 42 degrees;
precipitation, L38 Inches.
The Outbreak in Rtmsia.
Strikers marching on St. Petersburg flred
on by soldiers. Page 1.
Plan of strikers to storm market and seize
provisions. Page 1.
General strike in Moscow and other cities
may lead to new outbreak and force
peace with Japan. Page 1.
Grand Dukes take away Czar's power and
he may flee to Copenhagen. Page 1.
Soldiers at St. Petersburg refuse to flre on
strikers and another regiment fires on
them. Page 1.
Sailors at Sevastopol mutiny, burn Admiral
ty works, attack officers, and soldiers re
fuse to flre on them. Page 1.
The War In the Far East,
Russian Admiral denounces General Stoes
sel as incapable and surrender as a dis
grace. Page 1.
Stoessel's last proclamation announcing sur
render. Page 1.
New French Cabinet formed by Itouvier.
Tacit agreement reached to shelve race
Issue In South. Page 3.
Senator Smoot severely cross-examined on
attitude of Mormon Church to law.
Oregon delegation confident of appropriation
for Celilo CanaL Page 2.
Democratic Senators nrotest against treaty
with Santo Domingo. Page 2.
Ia Follette nominated for Senator from
"Wisconsin. Page 6.
Bryan urges Democrats to support Roosevelt
on railroad issue. Page 6.
Saloonmen are barred from membership in
Mineworkers" Union. Page 6.
John Hoch. tho Chicago Bluebeard, is said
to have had 13 wives. Page 6.
J. C. Ryan, who promoted fake footrace at
Salem, sentenced to three years In peni
tentiary. Page 9.
Sensational testimony in Seamann divorce
trial at Oregon City. Page 3.
Pacific Coast lgislatnrei.
Proceedings of the Oregon Legislature.
Ballot for Senator in legislature at Olympia.
Page 3. "
California State Senate passes Lewis and
Clark appropriation bill unanimously.
Commercial and Marine.
St, Petersburg revolt disturbs all financial
markets. Page 13.
Disabled- steamer Geo. W. Elder turned over
to underwriters. Page 12.
Steamers chartered to load contraband at
San Francisco. Page 12. '
Steamer Telegraph will run as excursion
boat during Fair. Page 12.
Portland and Vicinity.
Report on new scale of teachers' salaries
made to Board of Education. Page 9.
Secretary of Federal grand Jury, missing
for three days, found. Page 7.
Officer of labor unions organize association.
Chief of Police orders barmaids out of sa
loons In North End district. Page 14.
Trafllc officials will confer with Jobbers.
Congress may vote balance of "S33.000 left
from St. Louis Fair appropriation to Gov
ernment exhibit a? Portland. Page T.