Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 23, 1905)
TOL. XLIV. 2sT0. 13,767.
PORTLA2SD, OREGON, MONDAY, JANUARY 23, 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTS-
RIOT IN RUSSIA
Revolution Is Follow
RED FLAG IS FLYING
"Down With Monarchy,"
Cry of Oppressed.
STRUGGLE FOR FREEDOM ON
Blood Spilled by Autocracy
Will Be Mightily Avenged. '
CZAR HAS GONE TC PETERHOF
Grand Duke Vladimir Is Left of All
the Imperial Family to Conduct
the War Sprung Up Within
ST. PETERSBURG. Jan. 2 (6 A. M.)
Into the last hours of Sunday tand the
.first of Monday were crowded some of the
jnoBt momentous and frightful events
which will ever be recorded In the pages
of Russia's history. "Within one hour
from the time this dispatch Is written Is
to begin, according to the strike leaders,
the rcat struggle for freedom. This is
the programme of the strikers as outlined
and decided upon at the meetings hold
late Sunday night.
Riot has given way to revolution. The
labor troubles which gave rise to the
awful outbreak are forgotten. The mobs
are led by political agitators. "Down
with the Monarchy!" is the slogan of the
hour, and the red flag flies over every.
bofrp Tf rebels.
.45. Petersburg' today is in tho throes of !
revolution, which is spreading with
every minute. There are those in official
dom who believe that the throne is In
The horrors of Sunday evening were ex
ceeded by far by those of tho night and
early morning. The most harrowing
slaughter occurred In the Vasslli Ostroff
quarter, where the destruction of the bar
ricades were accompanied by the killing
of thousands. These barricades were tel
egraph poles bound together with wire
entanglements, which were stretched
from curb to purb. It became evident
that If those operations were permitted
to continue, the whole city would bo
menaced, for then the rebels would have
a stronghold whence they could send their
forces into all parts of the city without
being in danger of having their communi
Message From the Leader.
The fortifying of that district was th
result of the realization by the strikers
that they must combine their forces.
They had long hesitated before adopting
a plan of concentration, but once decided
upon, they lost no time In carrying it out.
If anything was needed to carry them
on to the tireless activity, it came with
the Teceipt of a message bearing the sig
nature of "Father George," their beloved
leader. Gopon. "Whether this message
was really sent by Gopon made little dif
ference. It did its work, and shortly after
midnight every man was .at work complet
ing the fortifications of the quarter. It
also set at rest all disquieting rumors in
circulation about the fato of Gopon. One
report had him arrested, another wound
ed, a third killed. The officials at this
time claimed to have absolutely no knbwl-
edge of his whereabouts. Tho police
. would not admit that he had been arrest
ed, nor that he Is at liberty.
the most reliable report, the one which
emanates from a source which may be
trusted In. state that Gopon was wound
ed In the fight around the Putiloff works,
thaf- he was taken a prisoner, but liber
ated by a determined band of faithfuls.
and then spirited away to a place of
safety, whence he is now preparing plans
for the day.
The report of building fortifications in
the Vasslli Ostroff quarter left the au
thorities still undecided. They had not
proclaimed martial law, trusting in the
ability of the troops stationed In the
western part of Vasslllefskl Island to
prevent reinforcements from reaching the
men quartered in Vasslli Ostroff. but then
came the news that strikers were
moving from Kolplno. IS miles distant
from St. Petersburg, upon the capital,
and another rumor that the men In the
Vasslli Ostroff had seized a dynamite fac
tory and distributed its stock among their
Slaughter Is Put at Two Thousand.
Immediately the order went out to take
the quarter, no matter what the cost. At
1:30 this morning a mxed force of troops,
the larger portion "being made up of Cos
sacks. Hussars and Uhlans, moved upon
the quarter. They were met by thou
sands of strikers. The bloodshed which
followers stated by certain sources to
exceed in horror the worst clashes of
the French revolution. These Informants
insist that 20W were killed. Other con
servative agencies place the number of
killed at 500 and the wounded at 800.
It U impossible at this time to confirm
either of these reports, but considering
the numbers that met and the Importance
of the position fought for, the very worst
might have happened. One high officer
said at 7 o'clock this morning that he
barricades of the VawlU Ostroff quarter ;
had been destroyed.
.From an unusually reliable source,
comes the information that the Czar has
left Tsarkoe-Selo and gone to Peterhof
with his entire family and all the Grastf
Dukes and Grand Duchesses, with '-tite '.
exception of the Grand Duke Vladimir,
whovis personally conducting the military
operations. There Is' some reason to be
lieve, the story of the Czar's, departure
Strikers Attacked by Cossacks.
When the strikers heard late Sunday
olght the report that His Majesty was
jiot at the Winter Palace a strong troop
'made ready to move to Tsarkoe-Selo.
They marched a considerable distance be
fore their object was discovered. Then
Cossacks were sent after them, and after
a fight, which ended In the utter rout of.
the strikers, every approach to the Selo
- The big La Fern cigarette factory
whose workers refused to Join-tho .strlfcyj
ers, has been burned to the ground.
Amnnrr the dead la Father Sersrlus.
much-beloved priest of the Greek Ortho-J V
dor Church, who has been, much amoagy
the strikers and exposed thjmself- toniaay
dancers "in his attempt to prevent bloocl-
?oVnt 111, (Tooth cown rlw in tht first rp.
port- that Father Gopon had been killed.
. An night the work of constructing barA.
ricadcH has been continuing. Telegraph
'poles have been felled with axes and
burned and nearly all telephone wires,
with tho exception of those which are di
rectly guarded by the troops, are down.
The number of barricades now in the
. treets of St. Petersburg, with tho-excep-llon
of those in the Vasslli Ostroff quar
ter. Is estimated at 40.
Vasaliefskl Island is being watched
with anxiety by tho entire city. There
lurks the greatest dangers. The work
ers on the island are practically penned
In, troops barring and blocking the ap
proaches to every bridge leading into
St. Petersburg. The grave, the torrible
question of the hour is whether the men
on tho island will be able to make their
way Into the city. If they do the city
may become theirs.
SLEEPING THROUGH FATIGUE
Everything Quiet In Early Morning
at St. Petersburg.
ST. PETERSBURG. Jan. 23 (4:43 A. M.)
St. Petersburg is sleeping quietly at
this "hour, worn out by the excitement
of a lone day. Laborers and spectators
have long since left the streets and the
military and police have had little to
do for hours- beyond driving off occa
sional riotous bands of irresponsible
young roughs, bent on wlndowbreaklng
and marauding, and dispersing groups of
too demonstrative Socialists or Liberals
returning from protracted meetings
where their mjnds were fired with incen
Since midnight the Russian capital has
been as peaceful as it was the preceding
nighty but in the Palace Square and id
nil "W principal , streets, and onlng
places .through&uVihe town btvotatc fires
are gleaming and Infantrymen sleeping
near their stacked rifles or marching
hither and thither. Cavalrymen on wear
ied horses are patrolling the long thor
ouchfares. No further firing has been
heard and no more reports of collisions
have been received.
A renewal of rioting is not expected
until late In the morning, if at all today.
as the strmers, morougniy weaxiea ny
previous events, will be inclined to wait
until the military precautions have some
It Is impossible even now to estimate
at nil rlnselv the casualties of the day.
The exact number of deaths probably
never will be known. Ko Americans
CURSES ON LIPS
RiotersShot at Range
of Twenty Paces.
HIT AS THEY FLEE
Slaughter Begun Wih
TROOPS CHARGE . CROWD
Dispersed at.One Point Pop
ulace Meets at Another.
ORDER TO FIRE IS THEN GIVEN
Mangled Bodies of Persons of All
Ages Are Strewn Over. the Side
walk by the Murderous -Hail
ST. PETERSBURG. Jan. 2S-Thc most
harro wing scenes of the day occurred
around the palaces on the square. This
enormous place back of the Winter Pal
ace Is surrounded by gardens fronting
the Admiralty and bv a vast semi-circular
building containing the offices of the
general staff, the Ministry of Finance
and the Foreign Office. . In the corner of
the block Is cut an arched gateway sur
mounted by a bronze quadriga. The gate
way serves as i entrance to the Grand
Morskala, one of the most fashionable
streets In the city, which crosses the
Beyond the semi-circular building is a.
wide space leading to the Moika Canal
and beyond this stands an enormous
square bulldlnc. the headauHrters of the
JSt., .Petersburg military district. From-
thence Grand - Duke -laditCoiaa-issued
orders for the whole military preparations
directing the day's operations. In the
center of the square stands an enormous
granite column supporting a statue of
Victory, commemorating the defeat of the
Napoleonic Invasion, at which a veteran
guard of the uniform of the period of
Alexander I stands sentinel.
Crowds Gather Early.
"When the Associated Press correspond
ent arrived at the Palace Square early
this morning he found a considerable
crowd of demonstrators already lining the
railings of the Admiralty garden and tho
boulevard. The square itself presented
the appearance of a military encampment
SCENES OF THE MASSACRE OF WORKMEN'
Several companies of the D'avUvsky and
Proebrajensky- Guards had piled tbelr
arms, while the men were sitting around
campfires or stamping, on the snowAo
Beyond the infantry stood squadrons of
the Chevalier Guards and the Horse
Guards, without their lances, cuirasses or
the usual gay trappings. The men car
ried carbines- slung across their, shoul-
iders, and their stlrrDpsr'were covered with
felt or straw tyjkeep off the cold. All
the soldiers Wore bashllka, or hoods; to'
protect tfielr -ears from tho. keen, jsearch
ing' wind. . . ,
A field kltchfen steamed-merrily, dissem
inating the .fragrant odor of vlaadsMany
of "the merj wrestled br boxed. .cracking
jokes as one rollud on the snow. A whole
row of ambuJances drawn up'hearJhe
.nalace served ""rfs a rrlm reminder oft thu
''stern business on hand. Meanwhile .pack
ets were stationed at all the entrances of
the palace, uid a cavalry patrol iept
promenaders moving ajong the sidewalks.
Troops Roundly Cursed.
Sleigh traffic' continued uninterrupted
tin thetiuie came for the cavalry, to
ch;irpe Tire crowd of strikers In and
ootsldethh Admiralty gardens continued
to' grow- hourly, swelled by arrivals from
the Nevsky Prospect, which touches upon
the boulevard skirting the gardens.
The strikers manned and held a small
edifice at-the corner of the gardens and
poured out constant objugatlons and re
proaches at the troops. It was in vain
that the officers requested them to dis
perse. "We have come to present our homage
and grievances to the Emperor."
"Let the Emperor come out and hear
us; we do 'not wish to, do harm."
"Long life to Niches IP- If he only
llstens to our grievan'-'WLrVare sure he
will be Just and merely '. f
"We. qannot -longer' eiduro oar- suffer
ings Better die at once and end all.".
Such 'were the cries repeatedly - heard
from many srikers. Many strikers
brought their wives and children.
"You soldiers arc our brothers; you can
not -Jhoot those little ones," hey ex
.lai'Qod. But as the pickets and patrols
.ontfnucd dritlng off the demonstrators
taoy began to give way, and bitter Insults
and oaths. In which the Russian vocabu-.
lary Is particularly rich, became frequent.
"We are not Japanese; why brutalize
us? "Will you shame tho mother who bore
you. who was a Russian, like ourselves,"
were some of the cries that were beard.
Later such expressions as "scoundrels,"
"mercenaries." "dogs" and worse were
Students Rougnly Handled.
A long-haired student among tho crowd
hurled an Insulting epithet at an officer,
who sent a couple of men to arrest him.
The crowd tried to rescue the student,
but the latter was dragged and kicked
across- the sunlit square, his long hair
tossing in the air. The crowd broke into
hoots and hisses.
Then a young workman -Jeered at. a
'soldier, who arnMed.hls Hfi .buttAahd.
with the-neip'7f comrades; drrtgged the
workman, despite his piteous' pleadings,
to the lockup.
Every time the troops moved -the
crowds hissed them. Strikers also gath
ered at the entrance of the Grand Mor
skaia and on the avenue leading to the
Moika CanaL The crowd at the latter
place swelled to. huge proportions, block
ing the bridge across the canal.
The order came at 1:30 P. M. to clear
The Colonel commanding the Horse
Guards uttered a short, sharp, command.
The troopers drew their swords and ad
vanced at a quick trot, and then broke
(Concluded on Page Nine.)
HATE WITH HT
Czar Is No Longer the)
ONE REGIMENT IN REVOLT
Toops Refuse to Fire on De
WITTE MAY BECOME DICTATOR
Emperor's Crack Guards to the Num
ber of 50,000 Are" Eivoucked at
Night on the Main Streets
of St. Petersburg.
Following is the text ot a letter ad
driessed by Father Gopon to Emperor
Nicholas last night:
"Sovereign: I fear your Ministers hare
not told you the lull truth about the
situation. -The. whole people, trusting
In you, have resolved to appear at the,
"Winter Palace at 2 P. M.. In order to
Inform you of their needs. If. vacil
lating, you do not appear before the
people, the moral bond between you and
the people who trust la you will dljap
pear. because Innocent blood will flow
between you and the p5oplc.
"Appear tomorrow before your people
and receive our address of devotion In
a courageous spirit. I and the repre
sentatives of labor and my brave work
Ingmen and comrades guarantee the In
violability of your person."
ST. PETERSBURG. Jan. 22. This has
been a day of unspeakable horror in St.
Petersburg. The strikers of yesterday,
goadetf to desperation by a day of vio
lence, fury and bloodshed, are in a state
of open insurrection against the govern
ment. A condition almost bordering on
civil war exists In tho terror-stricken
The city is under martial law, with
Prince Vasllchlkoff as commander of over
60,t00 of . the Emperor's crack guards.
Troops are blvouackirur in the streets to
night and at various places on the Nevsky
Prospect, the main thoroughfare of the
IN ST. PETERSBURG
city. On the Island of Vasslli Ostroff and
In the out sections, infuriated men. have
thrown up barricades, which they are
holding. The Empress Dowager has
hastily sought safety at Tsarskoe-Selo,
where Emperor Nicholas II is living.
Minister or the Interior Sviatopolk
Mlrsky presented to His Majesty last
night the Invitation of the workmen to
appear at the "Winter Palace this after
noon and receive their petition, but the
Emperor's advisers had taken a decision
to show. a firm and resolute front, and
the Emperor's answer to the 100.00Q work
men trying to make their way to the Pal
ace Square today was a solid array of
troops, who met them, with rifle, bayonet
Priest Gopon -Escapes Volley.
The priest, Gopon, the leader and 'idol
of the men. In his golden vestments, hold
ing aloft. thecross-and marchlng at the
head :of thousands of workmen, through
the Narva Gate, miraculously escaped a
volley which laid low half a hundred per
sons. The figures of the total number
killed or wounded here, at the Moscow
Gate, at the various bridges and Islands,
and at the "Winter Palace vary. The best
estimate is SCO. although there are exag
gerated figures placing J the number as
high as 5000. Many men were accom
panied by their wives and children, and
in the confusion, which left no time for
discrimination, the latter shared the fate
of , the men.
The troops, with the exception ot a sin
gle regiment, which Is reported to have
thrown down its arms, remained loyal and
obeyed orders. But the blood which crim
soned the sn6w has fired the brains and
passions of the strikers and turned wom
en, as well as men, into wild- beasts, and
the cry of the infuriated populace is for
vengeance. The sympathy of the middle
classes is with the workmen.
Faith In Emperor Is Gone.
It Father Gopon, the master mind of
the movement, aimed at open revolution,
he managed the affair like a genius to
break the faith of the people In their
"Little Father." who. they were con
vinced, and whom Father Gopon had
taught them to believe, would right their
wrongs and redress their grievances.
Gorkj,. the Russian novelist, expresses
the opinion that today's work will break
this faith of the people In the Emperor.
He said this evening to the Associated
"Today inaugurated revolution in Rus
sia. The Emperor's prestige will be irre
vocably shattered by this shedding of In
nocent blood. He has alienated Himself
forever from his people. Gopon taught
the workmen to believe that an appeal
direct to the "Little Father" would-be
heeded. They have been undeceived.
"Gopon Is now convlncd that peaceful
means have failed, and that the. only
remedy Is !f orce. The first blood has been
shed, but more will follow. It Is now the
people against the oppressors, and the
battle will be fought to the bitter end."
Barred From River Bridges.
The military had a. firm grip on every
artery In the city. At daybreak guards,
regiments, .cavalry and Infantry, held
every bridge across the frozen Neva, the
network of canals which Interlaces the
city and the gates leading- from the indus-
'trial section, while In the Palace Square,
the storm center, were massed dragoons
of infantry and Cossacks of the Guards.
Barred from the bridges and gates, men,
women and children crossed the frozen
river and canals on the Ice by twos and
.threes, hurrying to the Palace Square.
where they were sure the Emperor would
be present to hear them. But the street
approaches to the square were cleared by
volleys and Cossack charges.
Men and women. Infuriated to frenzy by
the loss of loved ones, cursed the soldiers
(Concluded on Page Nine.)
Priest Unscathed by
Rain of Bullets.
SPARED BY SOLDIERS
At Head of Procession
of Workmen. !
TROOPS BAR HIS PASSAGE
Order to Halt Does Not Check
SHRIEKS FOLLOW A VOLLEY
Charging Cossacks Trample Dead and:
Wounded Ruthlessly Under Foot
and Scatter the Suppliants on
the Way to the Palace.
ST. PETERSBURG. Jan. 22. There waB
a very dramatic scene at the Narva Gate
when Father Gopon. in golden vestments,
bearing aloft an ikon and flanked by two
clergymen carrying religious banners, ap
proached at the head of a procession of,
SC00 workmen. Troops were drawn up
across the entrance. Several times an
officer called upon the procession to stop,
but Father Gopon did not falter. Then
an order was given to fire, first with blank
Two volleys rang out, but the line still
did not waver. Then, with seeming reluc
tancei an officer gave the command to load
with ball, and the next volley was fol
lowed by shrieks and cries of the.
Aa the Cossacks followed up the volley
with a charge the woritroen- fled before
them, leaving about 100- dead or vounded.
It was evident, that the soldiers delib
erately spared Father Gopon. One ot the
clergymen "at his side was wounded, but
Father Gopon escaped untouched and hid
behind a wall until the Cossacks passed,
and he was then spirited away by work
men. WORD FROM FATHER GEORGE
Priestly Leader Declares the Czar
Ordered the Murders.
ST. PETERSBURG. Jan. 23 (4 A. M.) It
has just been reported that Father Gopon
managed to escape from his guards, al
though severely wounded, and that he has
been spirited to a place of safety. "While'
this report cannot as yet be verified, a
mysterious proclamation, signed by the
revered leader, has been posted on dead
walls and telegraph poles. It says:
"Dear Associates, My Beloved "Working
Friends: After today we no longer have
an Emperor. The most Innocent of blood
rolls between him and those who up to
(Concluded on Page Nine.)
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPEE
TODAT'S Rain; southerly winds.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 66
deg-.; minimum, 40. Precipitation, 0.25 inch.
AVorkmen march to Czar's palace to plead!
their cause. Page 1.
Troops bar way and shoot down unarmed mea
when they refuse to disperse. Page I.
Barricades erected in streets are taken with!
great slaughter. Page 1.
Prlect leader escapes 'fusillade of bullets
Rumors of revolution In other portions of tha
empire. Pate 0.
Comment of English press. Page 9. '
M. Rouvler will probably head the new I"renchi
Ministry. Page 3.
Tlflls Is In state of siege; Turks are crossing
the border. Page 13.
Xote authorized by Secretary Hay explains
United' States' position In San Domingo.
Senate kill begin trial of Judge Swayne this
week. Page 3.
Chairman Mondell is opposed to Klamath Irri.
gatlon project. Page 3.
New England's demand, for tariff revision.
Frank H. Croker.dies from effects of injuries
in automobile race. Vgo 13.
iSodlea of American miners i Mexico are bein
brought home. Page 5.
t Northwest Legislatures.
Oregon Senate accuses House oiichtlng its.
measures, rage i.
Railroad commission bill will he paavi by the
wasningtoa egtiature. rage 4.
Seve York woman robbed of 135,000
Pasadena hotel. Page 4.
Colvllle man kills himself because his tru
love married another. Page -4.
Portland and Vicinity.
State societies will combine la work for Ore
gon. Page 8.
Steamer Geo. TV. Elder goen on the rocks near
Goble. and cargo Is ruined. Page 12.
"hamber of Commerce makes appeal to Chair
man Burton, of the rivers and harbors com
mittee for Celllo Canal provlMon. Page 14.
Spokane Flyer robbers now believed to be
local crooks. Page 12.
Dr. Chapman, former head of University of
Oregon, takes radical view of Christ ana
present-day conditions. Page 12.
?irst Congregational Church lifts heavy debt.
California's building: at the Lewis, and ClxrlC
Exposition will be erected at once.. ,Pxe t.