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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 2, 1905)
THE MOBNESG OREGONIAN, MONDAY, JANUARY 2, 1905.
- - t .
EXHIBITS TO BE KEPT IN CONSTANT MOTION gassr "umra
"TIT8 the successJul merchant keeps the
j the trade or his customers from
year to year by always having the
latest materials and fashions In his es
tablishment, so. In an analogous manner,
the promoters of all expositions can hope
to attract visitors to their own enter
prise only by presenting an entirely new
Idea for the world to-Investigate. At Chi
cago It was the marine effects, at Buf
falo the electrical display, and at St.
Louis energy and Immensity that drew
the pilgrims of progress toward these
At Portland this year the -world will
not be disappointed In the search for
something new, as motion and segrega
tion have been chosen by the directors
A WEATHER TALE OF TWO
Bally temperature of July. 1904,
a typical Summer month, in Port
land and New Tork compared.
(Dog. Fah.) (Deg. Fah.)
K g SS S g-1 g
S ? s S ?
: s j . o
73 56 64 S3 69 76
76 52 64 75 63 69
82 61 72 74 00 67
72 58 65 80 63 72
77 57 67 90 71 80
S3 57 70 85 71 7J
75 58 66 79 71 75
79 56 68 76 65 70
87 . 61 74 79 66 72
91 62 76 71 67 C3
81 61 71 82 68 75
67 54 60 82 68 75
70 43 56 75 64 70
62 50 56 SO 62 71
63 52 58 81 63 73
57 52 54 84 69 76
69 51 60 84 69 76
76 56 65 88 63 78
87 58 72 93 72 2
95 64 SO 84 74 79
94 65 SO 87 68 78
74 8 66 iS 67 72
73 55 64 74 66 70
84 55 70 67 64 66
100 62 SI 75 64 70
74 59 66 80 70 75
67 56 62 SO 66 73
69 54 63 SO 67 74
69 52 60 79 66 72
79 56 68 77 65 71
96 63 SO S5 70 78
77.6 56.6167.01 SoTilCT.O Tzl
consider their" decision not to erect a Fine
Arts building, and a site for' that pur
pose was. selected on Gray Boulevard,
fronting on the lake.
MINES IN OPERATION.
as the lodestones that will bring the
"Let some one pound a nail and a
crowd will gather to see what he is do
ing," said Henry E. Dosch, director of
exhibits, and forthwith made moving ex
hibits, or tho processes of manufacture,
the "open sesame" by which exhibitors
could obtain space.
All Life and Action.
Mines that are being operated, walls
that are built up before the eyes of the
onlooker. Jocomotlves with wheels re
volving at the rate of 50, miles an hour,
food that Is cooked In the visitor's
sight, and incubators turning out chick
ens at stated hours are what he will see
not the inactive objects themselves.
The classification will be more thor
ough and complete than any ever before
attempted. Domestic, European and Ori
ental exhibitors will all occupy dlfforcnt
buildings, for the first time In the history
of exposition building. .
The states will have all their exhibits
In their own buildings, and. If they have
none, space in an Exposition building
will be at their disposal. The segrega
tion extends to the kind of exhibits In
each building, as groups have been
formed separating one variety from an
other. Stampede for Space.
There could be no better augury of the
success of on exposition than an active
demand for exhibit space. "Within a few
days after Colonel Dosch opened his
books In St. Louis for allotments the space
applied for reached such an aggregate
that Pacific Coast firms began to fear
they would be left out, and a stampede
began in Portland as great as that in
St, Louis. It soon became evident that
an additional building would be necessary
to house all the desirable exhibits of
fered, and it was decided to set aside tho
Liberal Arts building for European ex
hibits and to erect a new Liberal Arts
building, to be called the Manufactures
building. Even then some of the largest.
exhibitors, rather than run the risk of
being cramped, began to consider the ad
visability of erecting buildings of their
own. The number of works of art of
fered also caused the directors to re-
Visitors Will See How Ore Is Dug and
THE TVest has recognized the fact that
It has an Exposition for the first time,
and in the Mines building will show the
leading Industry of this section of the
country, from the operation of a claim to
the finished product just from the hands .
of the manufacturer.
Although still six months remain be
fore the Exposition will open, the en
tire floor space of 20,003 square feet
has been allotted. In one section will
be exhibited all the rough ores. In an
other the minerals of states, while
lapidaries, mine machinery, manufac
turers, clay companies and all other
kindred industries will have different
Oregon, "Washington, Idaho. Mon
tana, North Dakota, "Wyoming and Utah
have applied for space for mineral dis
plays, and will be separated from the
Government's Great Display. .
The most Interesting: exhibit -In the
building will be that of -the United
States Geloglcal Survey, which will be
transferred entire from St. Louis. This
is the largest ever made by the Gov
ernment. Models of coal mines, hoist
ing machinery, concentrators, mills
and crushers will be in operation at
Outside the building several large
companies have been granted spaces
for operating live exhibits, two of these
being among the most remarkable at
tempts to show actual working models
that have ever been made. One Is to
be a model quartz mine, from which
mules will draw ore at all times of the
day, while miners wield the pick and
shovel In Its depths. The other, even
more surprising, will show the manner
of erecting a sanitary chimney.- Ma
sons will work on this dally, and a
foot in height will be added for every
day of the Exposition.
Mine in Full Blast.
"Tho mine wJH be under the direc
tion of the Colorado Mining Associa
tion, and from Its Aladdln-llke depths
every kind of metal that is mined in
the state, as well as coal, will be taken.
The shaft, fitted up with ladders and
a windlass, will bo SO feet deep, while
the tunnel running under the roadway
that passes the building, will extend
200 feet from the side of the Mines
building. Crushers- will be employed
In breaking the ore Into fragments,
and with the milling and amalgama
tion will be done under the eyes of
the visitor. Tho tunnel and shaft will
be well timbered so as to prevent cav
ing:, and new ore will be sent into the
mine dally to keep the supply constant.
Situated a short distance from the
mine will be the chimney. The cement
walls are hollow, with vertical parti
tions dividing the empty space Into sec
tions. The arrangement adds lightness
and durability, and makes a more sani
tary walL This exhibit will open on
the first day of the Exposition, and
work on It will stop on the last.
Besides these outside allotments the
Allls-Chalmers Company will erect a
special pavilion, measuring 100x150
feet, for a representative exhibit of
mining machinery, while the Acety
lene Gas Company has been granted a
space 30 feet square for its own building.
MACHINERY IN MOTION.
Whirr of Wheels Will Be Heard In
MACHINERY, electricity and transpor
tation displays will occupy the same
building at the Fair, on account of the
similarity of the three divisions of indus
try. Here the opportunity for exhibits of tho
sensational order has been seized, and tho
machinery department especially will re
sound to the whirr of belts and wheels
and the song of the saw. The lumber In
dustry of tho Northwest will be empha
sized especially by several large firms of
this part of the country. A board mill.
In which logs will be transformed into
building material, will be a conspicuous
feature of this department, while the ap
pliances for hauling logs and timber from
the time when It Is cut until it is read'
for commerco will be shown.
A car plant, engines for generating light
and power, a belting department and
plants for various purposes will occupy
one-third of the surface.
Novelties in Electricity.
The olectrlcal display will be partici
pated in by all the large companies.' A
telephone section will be Installed and all
TURRETS, ORIENTAL BUILDING.
dredges; and In fact all the apparatus
known o fishermen, will be In evidence.
The oyster and the lobster will not be
overlooked. It is" probable there will also
be practical illustrations of the method of
artificial propagation of. fishes, particu
larly of salmon, showing the various ope
rations from the extraction of the eggs
to the liberation of the small fish.
Bureau of American Republics.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, "Wash
ington, Dec 3L The Bureau of American
Republics is not able to present an In
tensely attractive exhibit. This bureau.
established for the purpose o maintaining
closer relations between the several re
publics of the "Western Hemisphere, will
utilize its allotted space for the. cllsplay
of maps and models of the Panama Canal,
tho projected Intercontinental Railway,
proposing to connect North and South
America by rail, and limited displays of
the chief products of the various coun
tries which this proposed road will pene
trate. Perhaps the most striking feature
of this exhibit will be a copy of the fa
mous pnlnflng of The Hague Conference,
executed by M. Toche, the celebrated art
ist, under commission from the Govern
ment of France.
the lines on the Exposition grounds can
be controlled by the companies exhibiting,
if necessary. A telegraph exhibit, electric
novelties and dynamos will be Installed
in this fcection.
The transportation section has been sub
divided into groups for locomotives, cars,
carriages, road wagons, harness, automo
biles and other land vehicles, the location
of the Fair on the banks of a lake mak
ing a special group for water transporta
On raised tracks in the center of the lo
comotive department an engine will bo
ANGORA GOATS IN OREGON. I
Present number in State 160.000 I
CV.awv In Rnrlnr nf 1VLI UfttfVt f
Total clip 450.000
Average price per pound 33Vc
Total value of clip J150.750
placed, which will be kept running dur
ing exhibition hours. Operated by air, the
great drivewheels will revolve at the rate
of 50 miles an hour, and the locomotive
will. appear Just as It does Inactual use,
except that It will be stationary. The
drivewheels will bo raised so that they
can get no purchase on the track.
The exhibits made outside the Trans
portation building will be as important in
character and cover nearly as much
ground as those inside the regular build
ing. The Studebaker "Vehicle Company has
TWO VIEWS OF ORI
3 Upper One, North End Show
ing Apse Lower One,
BUILT EX THE BCBRKT.T, COXSTRUCXIOX CO.
been granted. 25,000 square feet of space
on which to erect a building of its own
that will "on as pretentious as many of tho
smaller Exposition buildings. '
In the machinery department three out
side grants have been made for special
pavilions, two of the companies being rep
resented In Portland and throughout the
United States. One of these has been
allotted 36,000 square feet alone, while an
other has 10.200 square feet and a third
5000 square feet.
SEE CHICKENS HATCHED.
One of Many Things to Draw Crowds
to Agricultural. Palace.
IN THE Agriculture building visitors
will find mors objects of human Inter
est than in any other structure on the
Exhibitors showing special brands or
prepared foods will have them- cooked
upon their own spaces, and tho public
will be invited to watch that preparation
and assist In the consumption of the food
that Is cooked. In the next group the
hatching of chickens will be shown to
the general public for tho first time In
the history of expositions. Mr. Dosch
has required that all exhibitors make
their incubators operative, and at stated
hours crowds will be Invited to como and
see chickens break their shells.
The building has been divided into
groups as follows: Agricultural exhibits
of Oregon and all other states; wine, to
bacco, food. Implements, dairy, creams
and creameries and horticulture.
Tho threshers and binders In the Im
plement section will be kept running at
all hours of the day, and the boxing of
various kinds of goods will be made a
THREE EXHIBITS IN ONE.
Liberal Arts and Industries Include
Some Unique Displays.
THREE Exposition divisions have been
rolled Into one In the Liberal Arts,
Manufactures and Varied Industries build
ing, as the demand for .space by foreign
countries forced the erection of a new
building for Liberal Arts.
This will be the show building above all
others, according to the director of ex
hibits, as hardly a. display within Its walls
will bo a "still" exhibit. "Wheels, print
ing presses, bookblnderies. cutlery manu
facturing machines, and a hundred other
moving exhibits will greet the eyes of the
visitor in a bewildering confusion when
he enters the doors.
Hero, too, the classification has been
carried out with exactitude, and, when
one exhibit in a certain class has been
found, the others will .bo within sight.
Hardware, liquor, prepared food, ceramic
art, graphic art, diamond and turquoise
work. Jewelry, furniture, -musical instru
ments and music, cutlery, bookbinding,
printing, ropemaklng and perfumery have
all been given recognition, and special
groups for each formed, outside of which
no work of this kind will be permitted.
One section Is devoted to heaters, and
every variety of stove that was ever invented-will
be found here.
The most unique display in, the building
will be one of diamond-cutting. It la es
timated that this exhibit alone will be
worth from $300,000 to $300,000, and special
guards will bo provided by the firm to
kctp the sightseer from approaching too
closely the priceless articles.
Tho display will be tho first of Its kind
at an exposition, as diamond-cutting has
heretofore been conducted behind barred
and guarded doors. The rough diamond
will dbangc to tho finished product of
commerce under the skillful hands of ex
pert gemcutters. One necklace which will
be brought to Portland Is valued at 3250,
000. It was In the St. Louis exhibit.
In the gallery of the Liberal Arts build
ing the entire educational exhibit will bf
Fish, Alive. and
Government Will Show Them
and How They Are Caught.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, "Wash
ington. Bee. 3L Ranged around the
wall of the separate buildings provided
for the fisheries exhibit will bo a series
of aquaria, filled with running water, in
which will be kept specimens of the more
important food and game fish of tie
Aside from this live exhibit, the Bureau
of Fisheries will have numerous contriv
ances on display, showing artificial means
of propagation and methods resorted to
to catch fish for market. ' There will be a
working model of a Columbia-River sal
mon wheel, a representation of the bed
of Clackamas River, showing the rack,
traps and pens used for catching and re
taining salmon for the purpose of ob
taining eggs for hatching purposes, mod
els of tho" Fish Commission steamers Al
batross and Fish Hawk, which for years
have been engaged in the study of fish
eries of our own coasts, of Alaska, and
lately of Hawaii. Porto Rico and the Phil
ippines. Various forms of fish nets, trawls.
Lewis and Glark
. , Exposition -
AT PORTLAND, OREGON
Will Be Open Continuously
From June -1, 1905,. to October 15, 1905
One Hundred and:Thirty-Scven Days
Library of Congress.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington. Dec 31. The exhibit of the Li
brary of Congress has been planned to 11"
lustrate the manner In which Uncle Sam
preserves copies of every copyrighted
book, pamphlet map and paper that is
published In the United States, not to
mention thousands of rare volumes' from
abroad. The central figure of the Library
exhlblt will be a cross-section model ef"
the Library Building In "Washington,
showing not only the magnificent ex
terior, but the arrangement of. the tete- f
rior, and tho manner of storing and
handling Its extensive contents. The ex
hibit will be brightened by colored photo
graphs showing numerous views of the
Library Building. The frieze of the space
allotted, for the Library exhibit will ba
made- up of reproductions of famous
paintings in the Congressional Library In
"Washington and the Boston Public Li
brary. Small collections of rare books,
newspapers, old and historic manuscripts,
etc., will fill the remaining space.
Smithsonian and National Museum.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, "Wash
ington, Dec SL The Smithsonian. Insti
tution and National Museum will send to
Portland a portion of its exhibit at St,
Louis. Including an elaborate collection,
of minerals from all parts of the worldV
and fine samples of the taxidermist's
Strange Sights Seen on Trail
DUSKY PEOPLES OF MANY CLIMES AND
NOVEL INVENTIONS ON EXHIBITION.
NO exposition ,ln these days would be
complete which did not offer visitors-
amusements as cosmopolitan
as the great collection of works of art
and Industry gathered In Its exhibit build
ings. Such were offered at Chicago in
1S33. on the Midway, and at St Louis in
1304, on the Pike, and these features of
those, great displays will have their coun
terpart at Portland on the Trail. This
name, tho happy suggestion of Robertus
Love, has been given to the causeway
and bridge which connect the main ex
hibition building with the Government
buildings on the peninsula. This depart
ment has been put In charge of John A.
"Wakefield, director of concessions and
admissions, who has unrivaled experience
as secretary of the Omaha Exposition,
manager of an Important concession at
tho Pan-American Exposition, and chief
of the department of concessions at the
"World's Fair, at St. Louis.
The first concession was let to Klser
Bros., of Portland, for making the offi
cial photographs of the Exposition. They
have associated with them men experi
enced in scenic photography.
Great Hotel by the Lake.
To Mrs. Jennie F. McCurdy, of Buffalo,
N. T., was given a concession for the
American Inn, on the plan of the Inside
Inn. which sho conducted at the St. Louis
riur, bu sue una ossoqiaiea jroruana cap
italists with her. The hotel will stand
at the west end of the Lake Esplanade
and will cost about $125,000. It will be
three stories high and have 600 rooms
and a laundry. The rates are fixed by
the concession contract, and range from
$1 to $5 a day per person for rooms, 50
cents each for breakfast and luncheon
and ?1 for dinner.
An infant incubator on the most scien
tific plan will be seen in operation. A
typical Chinese village. Inhabited by ISO
to 250 Chinese, will bo Installed, consist
ing of theater, josshouse, teahoueo, res
taurant and bazaars all representing the
various styles of building construction In
China. There will be booths in which
various Chinese articles will be made and
Filipino Villages Secured.
Provision has been made for an exten
sive Filipino exhibit, consisting of a series
of villages, embracing about 150' natives
of all ages. The tribes represented will
be the Igorrotes, Vlsayans, Negritos.
Moros and Bogobos. The villages of
typical dwellings, made by the natives
of tho same materials and In the same
manner as those in which they live In
their wild state, will portray their man
ner of lire. There will be displays of
their weapons, Implements, utensils and
simple articles of manufacture. A Fili
pino restaurant will serve typical foods
and drinks of the Islands.
Two great novelties have been offered
and will no doubt be installed. One of
these Is a system of distributing the finest
orchestra and band music In Its full beau
ty and. perfection to many different sta
tlons in much the same manner as wo
now have electric light service la placa
of turning on light we shall turn on
music The system embraces the gen
eration and distribution of music elec
trically from central stations. It is said
to be the most remarkable invention In
electricity since the Bell telephone. It
has been reduced to practice at Holyoke.
Mass., where a complete dynamo may ba
seen and heard producing and distribut
ing music '
The other invention announced for ex
hibit Is a telephone in which you may see
the person to whom you are talking, no
matter how distant. This is .the Invention
of J. B. Fowler, of Portland, which has
already been x described at length, in The
Oregonlan, September 16 last.
People of Many Nations.
A considerable number of important
concessions aro under consideration.
There will be an Oriental exhibit, in
which natives of Mediterranean and Asi
atic countries will appear In native dress
WOOL CLIP OF OREGON, 1904
Eastern Oregon J.7.500,000
"Western Oregon 2,000,000
Consumed, by Oregon mills. 2,500,000
Aggregate value of clip ....$2,850,000
and give entertainments typical of their
respective countries; a naval exhibit, in
which miniature battleships, cruisers,
gunboats and torpedoboats will engage
In sea fights, and a wild animal show, in
which the Rocky Mountain animals will
form a conspicuous part.
An aerial railway 13 proposed to con
nect the main exhibit buildings with the
peninsula, the cars traveling on cables
stretched across the lake. The miniature
railway will be utilized In some parts ot
the grounds. The Haunted Swing and a
Haunted Castle are other attractions un
der consideration. Mr. "Wakefield expects
to have a big circle swing and a tempi
of mirth. The "Old Plantation" is to ba
one of the features and a great elec
trical -display is proposed under tha
name of "The Land of the Midnight
Sun." "Old HeldelBerg' Is a variation
of the German concessions of other ex
positions that will bo very picturesque
if the plans are carried out.
For transportation in the grounds,
ther will be a good equipment of roller
chairs, automobiles and whatever new
modes of travel may be available.
Advantage will be taken of the ex
ceptional opportunity which the 220
acres of lake afford for pleasure boat
ing. There will bo log-rolling matches,
swimming contests, boat racing, water
polo and flrewdrks. In the big fleet of
pleasure boats, numbering more than.
5,0, will be many of fantastic design,
such as dragon boats, swan boats, pea
cock boats, Venetian gondolas and
swift electric launches There will also
be plenty of rowboato.
3CATN ARCHWAY, OMENTAL BUILDING.