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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 2, 1905)
LIVESTOCK A MONEY-MAKER
RANGE CATTLE, SHEEP AND HORSES ARE FAST
GIVING- PLACE TO BLOODED STOCK IN OREGON
THE MOENING OREGOKIAN, MOlfDAT, XOfTJARY 2r lf05.
OREGON'S supremacy In the live
stock Industry has been proved he
yond dispute by 'the series of awards
won by her exhibits at the St. Louis Fair.
Beginning with the grand prize for grains
and grasses, she took first for a herd of
shorthorns and first for a shorthorn cow,
these being beef cattle, then she had the
champion cow In the dairy contest. She
followed this up" by taking first prize for
creamery butter, thus completing the
series from the feed to the product. Ore
gon Eamboulllet sheep and Oregon Angora
goats also took first prizes.
These victories were won while the ln-
UVESTOCK IN OREGON
UARY 1, 1905.
Hang horses 225.000
Range cattle 700,000
Totals 4,485.000 J24.S20.000
This does not Include horses and
cattle in Western Oregon, as it
is impossible to make even an es
timate. flustry in Oregon is in a state of transi
tion from the breeding of range stock to
be finished In the East to the breeding of
blooded stock to be finished at home. Not
that the breeding of cattle on the open
range, as that term is ordinarily under
stood, is destined to entirely disappear.
The reduction of the range, though
steady, is not as rapid as is commonly
supposed, for great areas are controlled
by certain stockmen who own the entire
available water supply, while other large
tracts of grazing land have been acquired
in fee. simple. These tracts will remain
devoted to grazing, at least during tho
lifetime of the owners, and to that extent
the encroachments of the farmer On tho
range will be checked.
Nevertheless there is a rteady change
from the open range to the Inclosed pas
ture and from the rough range cattle to
blooded stock. There Is a limit to the ex
tent to which this change can be effected
In Eastern Oregon, for it requires the
storage of a large supply of alfalfa hay
for Winter feed, and the places where this
can be grown east of the Cascades are
limited. But there Is no limit west of the
Cascades, where hardly any but blooded
cattle are grown. Western Oregon Is pe
culiarly adapted to raising clover and for-
ANGORA GOATS' IN OREGON.
Present number in State 160.000
Sheared in Spring of 1904 140,000
Total clip 450.000
Average price per pound 33c
Total value of clip 5150,750
age plants, roots and grain, which in feed
ing value equal to the corn of the Middle
States. The prize herd of shorthorns at
St. Louis was fed in the Wllllmette val
ley and, if more cattle were fed in the
same way it would make better beef and
command a aigher price. In both Eastern
and Western Oregon cattle are now fed
alfalfa, which with barley, is considered a
balanced ration that is, it develops the
DAIRY PRODUCTION OF OREGON IN 1904.
s Product Quantity.
Creamery butter, pounds 5,500.000
Dairy butter, pounds 3.000.000
Cheese, pounds 2.250,000
a Milk. . gallons .:26,6C6,e00
Cream other than that used for butter, gallons. ,- 320.000
Condensed milk, cases .", 166,660
largest amount of beef - and the best.
Shorthorns are most used for beef pur
poses. Herofords coming next and then
Aberdeen Angus, tho last-named being
used to breed up the range stock of East
ern Oregon. The Red Poll is used for
general purposes, the calves being sold for
It Is In dairying that Western Oregon
has so far excelled, the great Increase in
tho number of creameries, condensed milk
and cheese factories having given the in
dustry a great stimulus. Tho mild, damp
climate of that section keeps the grass
ever green and ever growing, hence cattle
are feeding In the fields at 'seasons when
ROTUNDA OF THE NATIONAL CAPITOL STACKED
FULL OF CANNED SALMON.
fri1 '.'Mninifiira-iiitiM.il fr
One of the greatest single chambers in the United States fs the rotnnOo.
under the dome of the Capitol at Washington. It Is JHJ feet In diameter and
110 feet high to the spring of the dome, and 70 feet high from that point "to
the center of the dome.
It contains 796.1S0 cubic feet to the spring of he dome, or a total of
1.049.510 cubic feet.
The entire pack of canned salmon on the Columbia River and Oregon
Coast streams in 1904 nils 708.477 cubic feet. If the cases were stacked up In
the rotunda of the Ks-UonaL Capitol, t'hey wonld all S9 per cent of the space
to the spring of the dome.
The nack was 463.700 cases, of which the standard measurement wm
they are being fed In the barns in the
Middle and Eastern States. For butter
making purposes Jerseys are most used,
as they do best in the climate and condi
tions throughout Oregon. Holstelns are
best adapted for condensed mllkf con
den.ed cream and cheese and are gener
ally "use in the Willamette Valley and
coast countries. The Ayrshlres are good
for milk and butter in any part of the
state, and Guernseys are also used for
DAIRYING- IN OREGON.
State Well Adapted to Industry,
Which Expands Rapidly.
DAIRYING is confined almost wholly
to the western part of Oregon. In
fact, only the Willamette Valley and cer
tain portions of the coast counties can
be truly called dairy regions, though a
small amount of dairying is carried on
In both Southern and Eastern Oregon.
Ever since dairying has been in vogue
In this state there has been a steady gain
in its extent until now It is one of our
leading industries. At present th'ere are
107 creameries, 66 cheese factories and
three condensed-milk factories in active
operation. During the last year there
has been a slight decrease in the number
of creameries and cheese factories, duo
to a strong tendency towards concentra
tion. As the shipping facilities for cream
permit, the larger plants are Increasing
their capacity. This tendency towards
concentration I believe to be for the good
of the state, because the product can be
manufactured at a lower cost and will
be of a better quality, owing to the use
WOOL CLIP OF OREGON.-1904
Eastern Oregon 17,500,000
Western Oregon 2,000,000
Consumed by Oregon mills. 2.500.000
Aggregate value of clip .-..$2,850,000
of the best scientific methods. Several
of the larger creameries are installing
pasteurizers and other apparatus neces
sary for the application of the. best meth
ods for handling milk and cream. The
three condensed-milk factories are doing
a thriving business on an investment of
about 225,000. Many thousands of dol
lars have been distributed among the
farmers supplying them with milk.
Increase In Production.
There has been an increase of about
$2,000,000 in the value of products over
1903. There has been an Increase of 20
per cent In the amount of butter and 12
per cent In the amount of cheese. Pre
vious to this year but a small amount
of condensed milk was manufactured.
The demand created by tho rapid gain
in population has nearly doubled tho
amount of milk and cream consumed.
The market for dairy products in this
state is all that can be asked for. Ore
gon makes no more butter than is con
sumed within her own borders. Tho
market price ranges from 5 to 7 cents
per pound higher than In Eastern mar
kets. There is a steady demand for
cheese of good quality. A large export
business is done with both Alaska and
California. The Alaskan trade Is done
during the Summer, when we are best
able to supply the products. A consider
able amount of butter and cheese is
shipped to California. This trade is done
by the coast counties because of their fa
cilities for shipping by water. All that
the Oregon producer has to do Is to make
a product of good quality. There is con
stant demand and a fancy price paid for
quality. One need but go to a few com
mission stores and see the poor quality
of a part of our Oregon butter and cheese
to learn why some producers have trou
ble in finding a market.
Although the Industry has reached
large proportions, there is much room
for further development. That .Oregon Is
peculiarly adapted to this Industry is
beyond question. Her general facilities
are surpassed by no other locality. The
admirable climate, with Its warm Win
ters and cool Summers, the large acre
age of pasture land, and the good mar
ket make everything favorable. The
easy production of feed and the low
price of land enable the Oregon farmer
to produce milk and cream at a much
lower figure than the farmer east of the
Rockies. In those states the Winters
are extremely cold and the Summers
very warm and dry. making the cost of
maintaining the dairy cow much greater
than In our own state. There are thou
sands of acres of land In Western Ore-
SALES OF OREGON LIVESTOCK
Range horses 20,000
Range cattle 75,000
Total '. 795,000
No figures are available as to
blooded cattle and horses.
gon near the railroads and steamboat
lines which can be profitably used for
pasturing cows. This land remains green
throughout nearly the entire year and
affords an abundance of feed.
The dairy resources of Eastern Oregon
are almost wholly undeveloped. Tho
Grand Rondo Valley and the Powder
River Valley offer special opportunities.
There all the native grasses grow luxu
riantly and all that Is needed Is good
Winter Dairying Pays.
The need of more Winter dairying can
not be emphasized too strongly. The
highest price for dairy products is paid
during this season. Through the use of
the silo, root and forage crops for the
provision of succulent feed, milk cows
can be kept in good milk flow at a nomi
With the opening of the Lewis and
Clark Fair the demand for all kinds of
dairy products will be great. Those wish
ing to take advantage of this opportunity
should begin atonce in order to be ready.
The dairymen have every reason to look
forward to a steady growth and an In
creased demand and good prices to re
ward them for their labors.
H. V. TARTAR.
Assistant Slate Ialry and Food Com
missioner. HIGH-BRED SHEEP.
Oregon Leads in Wool and Mohair
Horse Industry Recovers.
SHEEP are being bred up as generally
as cattle, Spanish merinos. Delaines
and Ramboulllets being used for fine
merino wool In the East, while in the
West Cotswolds and XJncolnshlres are
used for long wool, and Shropshlres, Dor
sets, Oxfordshires, Hampshlrcs and
Southdowns for short wool and mutton.
The merino breeds predominate In the
East, but many breeders from that sec
tion come west of the mountains to buy
the short-wool breeds, breed them for
one year and then sell off the lambs for
mutton. Some use Ramboulllet rams for
this purpose, as they not only produce fine
sheep, but have a fine quality of wool
The Angort goat industry Is growing
rapidly In Western Oregon, as the climate
Is favorable to the production of high
class mohair. It grows the year round,
making a long staple with no break.
The state has a good class of hogs.
mostly Berkshlres and Poland Chinas, and
whenever Portland has adequate packing
facilities the hog-ralslng Industry will
grow rapidly. Oregon xarmers say they
can breed, feed and produce bacon as
cheaply as any country. They can feed
wheat and barley instead of corn and by
selling hogs at 5 cents a pound can make
their wheat pay SO cents a busheL
The stock of horses has not fully re
covered from the great depression of 10
years ago, fevhen many breeders who had
made a good start- went out of business.
but many high-class stallions of all the
noted draft breeds have been brought to
the state In the -ast year. The range horse
is practically a thing of the past, for the
range men now use common range mares
with Imported stallions and produce good.
useful horses. Oregon has done more in
producing trotters than any other class of
horses and many noted horses on the
Eastern circuit are products of this state,
and Oregon now has a number of young'
sters which come from the best lines of
COLUMBIA RIVER PAPER, PULP AND SULPHITE MILLS f. w.
k ! mrm 1 1 SHUSH I I a3M .I e"
Streets, or 'Phone Main 689.
Seufert Bros. Company
The Dalles Fishery
Packers of the following
well-known brands of
The Dalles - - Oregon
MANUFACTURERS OF NEWS, MANILA, SULPHITE WRAPPINGS, BUILDING
WT TTlAMMOTH lumber mills H iff -
i SI J
for the past year turning out the finished product
from the log as it left the forest
We can give you on short notice any kind and
quantity of dimension
bridge, dwelling, ship, street or other structural pur
poses, and have on hand always a large stock of the most
select kinds of Fir, Spruce, Cedar and Hemlock lumber.
There is no other lumber that can compare in beauty
with the natural finish for inside work of Yellow Firquarter
sawn. The magnificent golden color gives life . to the sur
roundings and harmonizes with any other tint of wall or
furniture. F Now is the time to build! Prices are as low
as they possibly can go, and the tendency is upward. Com
mence your building before the rise. As 1905 is Centennial
Year, everybody will want to do everything in a short space of time.
For further information call on us at our offices in the Canter
bury Bldg., Rooms 4, 5 and 6, N. W. Cor. Third and Washington
THE BOOTH-KELLY LUMBER
OREGON FIR "
Railroad Material, Bridge and Mining
General Yard Stock
The location of our
AMMOTH lumber mills
have been running coa
tinuously day and night
or upper grade suitable for
1& NlMbd' 4 t1
mills is particularly advantageous for supplying
and long timbers on short notice
PAPER. CAPACITY, SIXTY TONS DAILY.
leadbetter, Proprietor :