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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 2, 1905)
THE MOKNESG OKEGONIAJS, MQNDAX, JANUARY 2, 190g.
LAND ABOUNDING IN. FRUIT
IT YIELDS GREAT PROFITS ON 'SMALL IN
VESTMENT OF CAPITAL, LABOR AND SKILL
AND OP BED APPLES" is be
coming as familiar a name for
Oregon as "Land of Bis Trees."
"Land of Salmon" or "Land of Wheat."
Almost every section of the state gives
rich returns to the horticulturist -who
carefully selects land well adapted to each
but It Is so great a factor In contributing
to the certainty of a 'crop and improving
its quality that this necessity is a price
Jess advantage when results are
In the extreme eastern part of Oregon
tho flats and benches of the Snake Blver
COST OF APPLE ORCHARD IN HOOD RIVER VALLEY. .
(By E. L. Smith. President State Board of Horticulture.)
Land ready for planting -SS
Eighteen trees at 10 cents each --
Digging holes and planting trees at 6 cents each...... -SS
Cuim-atlng with sprlngtooth harrow three times each way S2.S0
Cultivating with weed exterminator, twice each way 1.40
Hoeing about base of trees .-. LOO
Besetting trees -oQ
Total for one year. J7-"0 .
Total for first four years 20-80
Plowing and cultivating, second and third years -w
Grand total for five years (interest and taxes must be added to
rifth year, enough to pay expenses and yield small profit. '
Seventh year, profit per acre ir5
Tenth year onward, per acre. $300.00 to 600-w
Price of Apples In 1904.
Newton Pippins lts
Brother Jonathan LjO
Baldwin ...................... Lw-
Cost of cultivation, pruning, spraying, picking, packing and hauling to
market, per box ' 50
particular fruit, who cares for his orchard
with skill and industry, and packs his
fruit carefully, leaving out all that Is de
fective. There is hardly a limit to the
variety of fruits peculiar to the temperate
are dotted with Irrigated orchards, where
pears, apples, prunes, peaches, grapes- and
melons are found in luscious abundance.
The gold medal at the Chicago World's
Fair was won by a bunch of Snake Blver
APPLE ORCHARD NEAR GRANTS PASS, SOUTHERN OREGON
COST PER ACRE.
Land - J10O.O0
Plowing and preparing ground..... .. 3.00
Sixty-nine trees 2 years old at 124 cents each (this is a high esti
mate, as trees can be bought in large quantities at 6 to 7 cents
Digging holes, planting and laying out ground..'. 4.00
Cultivating and pruning seven years at $6 42.00
Boxes for apples up to seventh year SJ50
Packing and picking, 10 cents a box 6.90
Hauling to depot five miles. Viz a box 103
Production up to seventh year, 69 boxes of apples at $1.50 a box f. o.
b. cars $103.50
Net cost per acre at end of seven years 68.90
Production eighth year, 276 boxes at $1.50 414.00
Production ninth year and afterward, 10 boxes per tree, or 690
boxes per acre, at $1-50 1025.00
Deduct Annual cost of cultivation, spraying and pruning.. ..$ 10.00'
Cost of boxes, picking, packing and'haullng, 214 -cents box. 14S.S5 153.35
Net profit, subject to deduction of Interest on net cost -for
first seven years and taxes ?.... $876.65
Apples of market value should be planted in order to obtain, these; re
sults. Such are Spltzenbergs, Newtown pippins, red-cheek pippins, 'yel
low or golden pippins, Brother Johnathans and Bellflowers.
rone which canbe grown in this state. In
most sections the subject is closeljr re
lated to that of irrigation, for that is es
sential to success In Eastern Oregon and
contributes thereto in Southern Oregon,
Grapes. In the valleys of the Blue Sloun.
tains grow apples, pears, cherries, prunes
strawberries and raspberries perfect in
size, flavor, color and good keeplnc aual
itles. Baker County has produced a new
PEACH ORCHARD OF TEN ACRES OR MORE IN SOUTHERN
(By Max Pracht, Ashland, Or.)
Expenses Per Acre. " .
Land .....J J........... ..........';.$100.00
Clearing and grubbing.., 99.00
Plowing and. subsorting, first year. .". i 6.00
Laying out and digging holes '. 8.00
Trees and setting out, 160 per acre 20.00
Pruning and shaping, first year 1.00
Fencing, estimated at 16.00
Plowing, cultivating and pruning, four years 40.00
Replacing sickly or ill-shapen trees, second and third year. 3.00
Digging Dores, four years 4.00
Slack-llmlng. fifth year 4.00
Hand-thinning fruit, fifth year , LOO
Interest on annual cost at 10 per cent a year. 9L30
Total .. .1. .$323.30
Fifth year. 20 pounds per tree at 24 cents per pound on the tree
(price ranges up to 4 cents) .' $80.00
Fifth year, culls and scrubs for homo consumption 10.00
Sixth year, 40 pounds per tree 160.00
Seventh year, 60 pounds per tree . 240.00
Eighth year. SO pounds per tree 330.00
Period of profitable life, years 30
Annual production, per acre $320.00
Annual cost per acre, including Interest on first five years outlay.... 43.90
peach of rich flavor and large size, which
ripens late in October.
Hood Blver has gained world-wide fame
for producing the largest, soundest, best
colored, best flavored and best keeping
apples in America, and owing o care, in
selection and packing they command the
highest prices. Hood Blver also leads the
world for the size, flavor and abundance
of Its strawberries, which are. snipped in
refrigerator cars throughout the North
west , and as far East as Kansas, Ne
braska and Iowa. Hood Blver also grows
raspberries, cherries, blackberries, pears
and other fruit.
In the Willamette Valley fruit reaches
equal perfection In size, color and Savor,
though the moist climate, detracts from
the keeping properties of apples.. Not
only do, the apple, pear, prune, cherry,
peach, apricot, walnut, almond, chestnut,
all kinds of berries and bush fruits flour
ish there, but grapes do as well there as
In Germany, France or California, though
there are but few commercial vineyards
In the valley. These are on the red hills
of 'Washington County, and. In competi
tion with other states, have won the high
est medal at expositions for their wines,
which are said to Improve with age.
Fruitgrowing on a commercial scale In the
Willamette Valley has been confined
mainly to strawberries, prunes and apples,
and prunes have been the largest crop, but
of late years skilled horticulturists have
engagco In mora varied fruitgrowing.
Prunegrowlng Is one of the great indus
tries, and despite an occasional failure is
The Rogue and Umpaua t Valleys, In
Southern Oregon, are steadily gaining an
International fame for their fine apples.
the yield of which bqq been greatly ln-
COST PER ACRE OF VINE
YARD IN WILLAMETTE
(Br WUbw K. Newell, of DlUejr.)
Land , ....$ 50.00
Plowing, deep 2.50
Digging holes 15.00
800 vines at 4 cents each 32.00
Cultivating first season, eight
Hoeing twice. 3.00
Tleing to stakes and pinch
ing back laterals 4.00
Pruning In Winter, 2d year.. 2.50
Plowing, cultivating and boe-
- Ing; 2d year 20.00
Wire and posts for trellis, 3d
year ; 27.50
Setting posts and stretching
wire. 3d year 15.00
Pruning, cultivation, etc, 3d
year .. 25.00
After the third year the crop
should pay Its own way and the
vineyard should be In full bear
ing in the eighth or ninth year
and continue tor 50 to 100 years.
An average yield should be four
tons per acre, and, if it falls be
low that amount, there is some
thing seriously wrong with the
grower or his vineyard.
creased In some cases by irrigation. They
also grow peaches, pears, prunes, walnuts,
almonds, chestnuts, filberts, grapes and
watermelons without stint. The grapes of
inn Bogue Valley are pronounced equal to
those of Burgundy Valley, in' France, for
wine-making. The valleys of the belt
west of the .Coast Bange of Mountains
have the same advantages as the Willam
ette Valley for fruitgrowing.
Experiments with nutgrowlng trees have
been highly 'successful In all parts of Ore
gonV one orchard of eight-year-old wal
nutsk having paid $2 a tree. The growing
of berries as a by-product to larger fruit
Is also recommended, as they all do well
and come Into market at a time when
other crops are not ready.
Oregon's market for fruit Is rapidly
spreading, largely through correspond
ence of the State Board of Horticulture
with the boards of other states and with
American Consuls throughout Europe.
China and Japan. South America would
welcome Oregon apples, England and Ger
many receive them eagerly, and exports
of -fresh fruit to Asia and Australia have
more than quadrupled in , the last six
FRUIT CROP OF OREGON.
Short prune Crop Almost Offset by
Increase of Other Crops,
c; BUTT brought nearly two and
1 quarter million dollars to Oregon
In 1904, according to the report of G.
H. Lamberson, secretary of the State
PRUNE-GROWING IN THE WILLAMETTE VALLEY BY ACTUAL
EXPERIENCE. - .
" Coat and Profits on an Orchard of Twelve Acre.
Investment per acre: k
Land Teady for plow. 0.00
Plowing 15 Inches deep and harrowing
Young trees, 108 per acre, at 8 cents each , s.64
Planting trees, one acre per day LW
Cutting trees to height of 12 inches soon as planted ......... .30
Cultivation, five times in season, with -one horse and plow, three
acres per day, each cultivation 70 cents . 3.50
Interest at 6 per cent on $55.94 - .......... 3.35 -sa.w
Pruning every "three weeks from June 15 to August 1. one man
can prune 4 acres a day. each pruning 35 cents per acre $ l.o
Cultivation, five times In the season 3.50 -
Interest at 6 per cent on 3. ? s.33
Third year: - ...
Pruning and cultivation, same as second 4.5a -
Interest at 6 per cent on $7i31 44-$.S9
Pruning-to form tops of trees -W
Plowing and harrowing in Spring i- '
Harrowing seven times in season
Interest at 6 per cent on $32.22 .4.3 10.53
Taxes, $1 per acre per year
Total investment until orchard begins bearing $91.15
Fifth year: , , r
Cost of cultivation and pruning XVX
Cost of picking and hauling crop. "f cents per bushel 2.10
Cost of ........................ ....................... 1.00
Interest at S per cent on Investment $9L15 6.47 14.23
Crop, 30 bushels at 40 cents if-")
Net cost fifth year Z-g
Total Investment, end of filth year ; $33.37
The sixth, year the crop a little more than pays expenses, but with
the s areata year the orchard comes into full bearing and tho average of
the four succeeding years Is as follows:
Crop, 112 bushels at ) cents, sold fresh $44.80
Cultivating k 3.65
Annual pjoflV per acre on $337, 32.46 per cent $30.31
If crop is sold dried, the result would be:
Crop. 112 bushels (2240 pounds), dried, at 3 cents per pound, .
average price of four years 54-w
Already enumerated : iS-Jx
Curing, VA cents per pound , "3-3
Hauling to market L65 JAM
Profit, 42.63 per cent, on $53.37 $39-
This Is an illustration of the cost for an orchard to which a man does
not wish to give his entire time and -on which he does not wish to make
his home. An orchard of 30 acres would justify his'llving on It and mak
ing It his main business. Then he would Incur the following additional
expenses for Investment:
Team and harness 2Sr!5
Disc harrow .". jj5.B
Small tools , ,2000
Evaporator - 3,ooo.cp
Cost of bringing orchard to bearing 30 times. $93.37 : SMx
Five years' Interest on $2100 at 6 per cent
Total investment for 30 acres ; $o,53Lio
Crop. 112 bushels per acre at 34 cents per pound $2,520.00
Expenses, same as before, except curing and Interest ......JS32.SO
Curing at 1 cent per pound 672.00 L324.S0
Profit on 30-acro orchard. 2L65 per cent $L19-20
Board of Horticulture, despite the
ubortage in the prune crop. In fact,
the increase in the production of other
fruits was enough to make up $329.000
orchard having sold $20,000 worth of
apples and pears.
There is a large increase in the pro
ductlon of strawberries and grapes.
HOW A HOOD RIVER STRAWBERRY-GROWER MADE MONEY
ON SEVENTEEN ACRES OF LAND.
Wild land at $50 an acre $ S50.00
Clearing and preparing land ." S50.00
Plants for eight acres. 14.000 at $L50 per 1000 16S.00
Planting, two men eight days at $3 each 32.00
Total ... $1,900.00
Expenses First Year.
Cultivation $ 240.00
Picking and packing 620 crates at 60 cents 372.00
Interest on Investment at 8 per cent .'. 152.00
Total $ 764.00
Crop. 620 crates at $2.50 .'. $1,550.00
Profit, 4L37 per cent on" $1900 756.00
Expenses Second Year.
Cultivation $ 325.00
Picking and packing 975 crates at 60 cents : 5S5.00
Crop. 975 crates at $2.70 $2,6320
Profit, S2.66 per cent on $1900 1,570.50
This statement does not Include cost of buildings, but all that is need
ed besides a dwelling Is a cheaply constructed shed for packing. Nor does
It Include tools, those necessary being the ordinary stirring plow,- the
smoothing harrow, the horses hoe and hand hoe. For hauling tho berries
to the shipping station, a spring wagon should be used to prevent damage
to the fruit In transit.
The labor Is light and .healthful, women, children and even invalids
who have gone to Hood Blver for their health engaging In the cultivation,
picking and packing of berries.
While strawberry land In a high state of cultivation and set to bear
ing, plants lying near Hood Blver sells readily at from $300 to $373 per
acre; just as good land In the wild state, lying further out. may be bought
for from $35 to $150 par acre.
of the decrease of $590,000 In the pro
auction of prunes. It- has been a re
markably good year for apples, one
EXHIBIT OF LIGHTHOUSE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND LABOR.
"' ' " 1 ' " T ' " ' 1 ' ' ' "' "" 1111 - - - -i--- . . .
though it is impossible to give even
approximate figures, as they are
lumped with cherries, blackberries,
raspberries, currants nnrl cnniohaiiiKi
under the general head of small fruit!
It is known, hnwnvor i-Viot- t,A tltiu
ette Valley produced $50,000 worth of
grapes ana 4inat Hood Blver Valley
inuuubcu uuuul uu,uuu in strawber
Tho report follows:
Apples $ SS5.000
other small fruits... 710.000
totals $2,240,000 $2,501,000
Government Fish Commission Re
plenishes Oregon's Supply of-Trout
Trout planted 111.409
yilSTOBIA. Or.. Dec. 3L (Special.)
While tho State of Oregon seeks
protect the trout and other game fish that
inhabit Its streams, it has a v
absolutely nothing toward restocking the
wj agency or artificial
ptuy.ijid.uon. ivnatever nas been done
that line has hepn linilsp tn .11- .1
the united States Bureau of Fisheries.
During the months of May. June and
July of the present year this bureau ha3
planted a total of 211.934 young trout In
Oregon streams, while last year 111,499
were planted, and the Indications are the
ioi-k 01 resiocKing will be carried on ever
more extensively next spptnn Tk
eties of trout and the streams In which
xney nave peen planted this year are a;
Baker County Bock Creek. S000 rain
Clackamas Countv Clear
rainbow and 5069 Eastern brook; Deer
owv -n.ii5i.ern Drooitr Eajrle Creek
12.000 Eastern broolc.
Clatsop County Ncanlcum Creek. 9000
iaiuuuw ana ivfiM oiacK spotted.
Columbia County Clatskanle Blver
000 Eastern brook.
Coos County Jordan and Perkins Lakes,
jj.uuv .Lrfute oupenor.
Jackson County Roctia rti n
black spotted; Spring Lake, 10.000 Eastern
Lincoln County Spring Pond, 3000 rain
bow: Beaver Creek. 1500 rainbow; Ya-
quina iver. w,mj eastern bro&k.
Marion Countv Bntt Pnv inswi -r-i
ern brook; Little North Fork of Santiam.
Polk County Pond .near Falls City,
Umatilla County Umatilla Blver. 10.000
.eastern dtook; Aicivay ureck, 10,000 East
Union Countv Cathrlne Pr.ot tiwi i
bow; Grand Bonde Blver. SOOO rainbow;
oaao ureex, iv.wj .eastern orook.
Wasco County Sixteen-Mile Creek.
ramnow; J.ygn creek,
Yamhill County Meadow
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