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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 21, 1904)
THE MORNING OREGOXIAN, MONDAY, OYEMjBEE 21. 1904.
Dry-l Towns' Revenues
Are Much Reduced.
10SS IN SALOON LICENSES
Provision Will Have to
Made for Higher Levies,
EIGHT rMILLS AT M'MLNNVILLE
Advance In Rates on Water and In
crease In Licenses on Business
Will Be Resorted To in
Enforcement of prohibition in towns
ieretofore "wet" will greatly curtail mu
nicipal revenue and will necessitate higher
tax levies. In several towns existing
charters do not allow the extra levies
reeded jto make up for the loss of reve
nue from saloons, such being the case
in Corvallls and Marshfleld and other Coos
Bay towns. Abolition of saloons in Mc
MlnnvIlle" will make necessary an extra
3-mill levy, making the total 8 mills.
Other towns plan to raise water rents and
COOS TOWNS FEEL HAflD HIT.
Funds of Municipalities Are Derived
Mostly From Saloons.
MARSHFIELD, Or., Nov. 20. (Special.)
The city governments of the-six impor
tant towns of Coos County derive their
revenue almost entirely .from saloon
ilcensea The "wet" element asserts that
this revenue is Indispensable; that Coos
Say has received a blow from prohibition
that will bankrupt the towns and Impose
-burdens of taxation where they cannot be
In Coos County are 30 saloons, each pay
ing a license of $400 to the towns in which
situated. These saloons are distributed as
follows: Marshfleld, 11; North Bend, 6;
Coquille, 4; Myrtle Point, 3; Bandon, 3;
Empire, 2, and Beaver Hill. L.
Coquille, Myrtle Point and Bandon are
run almost entirely by the revenue from
saloon licenses and the fines for misde
meanors. About their only expenses are
a day marshal, who gets 560 per month.
and a night watchman, $50. These towns
have not availed themselves 'of the state
law which permits a levy of 5 mills on
the assessed valuation. But even this 5
mills will not entirely meet expenses
when saloon licenses cease. Coquille is
preparing to Taise water rents and license
touslness-houses to make up the $1600 lost
from saloons. No doubt the three south
ern towns will find a way out, as they
exe strongly prohibition.
With Marshfleld the problem is different.
Its assessed valuation In 1902 -was $350,780.
wmcu has increased little In the past
two years, iiarsnneia has already taxed
Itself to the limit of 5 mills. It already
has a floating Indebtedness of $12,000 In
outstanding warrants. It will lose $4400
toy the discontinuance of saloon licenses
ana this deficit must be made up by
licensing business-houses and in other
North Bend and Empire And themselves
Similarly situated. The Bay towns com
plain bitterly of the unfairness of the law
and of the injustice done them by the
rural districts . They say they are ner-
fectly willing to have local option, but
mey ooject to county prohibition.
Coos County is divided into two districts.
norm ana south, and separated bv tho
watershed between Isthmus and Beaver
Inlets. South of this line the county is
strongly proniDition, and as strongly op
posed to it on the north. But the south
nas tne greater number of votes, and
seven years ago was able to move the
county seat from Empire to Coquille. It
as now aoie to force prohibition on to the
entire county, notwithstanding the Bav
towns went more than two to one against
it. It Is also said that the southern end
of the county gets about nine-tenths of
aii tne money raised bv taxation ni
though the greater part of the wealth is
on tne coos Bay side.
The sentiment of the two communities
reneciea m the following flnirocj
Marshfleld, North Bend and Emtilr a-
265 votes for prohibition and 611 against
it Coquille, Myrtle Point and Bandon'
cast 642 votes for prohibition and only 2S5
against it. Nearly all the rural rHstr-loto
In the .north end of the "county also went
wet" and nearly all in the south went
Tiry. mis difference of opinion has
given rise to talk about dividing the
county. But conservative heads noinf mt
that the county can be divided only by a
majority vote. If the Bay towns could
get a majority vote to dlr-lfl the,
they could also get a majority vote to
proniomon and a division of thi
county will not be necessary. i
timated that of the $3,600,000 on the
assesment roll, far more than half of
ii was opposed to prohibition. It is
also believed that the Bay cities will
increase largely In population in' the
next few years. These factors it i.
said, will reverse the county's position
It Is claimed that the Hauor traffic is
essential to the prestige and prosperity
of seaport towns. Sailors will drink,
and It Is said their vessels will shun
ports where there are no saloons. It
is pointed out that the men on tho
" "o'ci cujiBs uroppea some $500 or
$600 in Marshfleld saloons In the short
lime tne vessel was in the harbor here
a few days ago. It is argued that log
gers, miners and sailors will spend
their money .for drink, and that if Coos
Bay does not glvethem the opportunity
xney wm go somewnere else.
.fronibitiomsts point out that the
question is a moral one and not com
wercuu. aney noici mat saloons are
not -creators of wealth, but distributors.
una mac not one ooiiar or the license
money paid by the saloons is brought
Into the county by them; but that they
send out of the county many times the
sum they pay for-license. It is asserted
that the license money comes primarily
from the people anyway, and that it
will be no greater burden to pay in
The proposition is put forth that
with prohibition in force in Coos Coun
ty not one pound less butter will "be
made, not a foot less lumber will be
sawed, not a ton less coal will be mined
for shipment abroad. These industries
are the creators of wealth, and it is
from these producers the merchants
get their trade. If the merchants now
.engaged la business here move away
on account of prohibition, the indus
tries will not stop, but other mer
chants will movein, say prohibitionists.
It Is pointed out also that the -same
arguments are now made for the sa
loon were advanced a year or two ago
for gambling. Gambling Jn Marshfleld
was stopped and the town continued
to prosper. Prohibitionists say that It
la lust as wronjf for other seaport
.towns to place temptation in the wayjnlm.
of sailors, miners and loggers as for
Coos Bay to do so.
Prohibitionists do not claim that law
spill entirely suppress the liquor
traffic any more than law wholly
stopped polygamy In Utah. But it Is
expected that when the traffic Is no
longer made respectable people who
engage. in It will lose caste. It is not
held that prohibition will do away with
the consumption of liquor, .but that the
temptation to drink wjli be lessened.
The. Indictment that the law- does not
give precinct local option is met by
the counter charge that it is the prin
ciple, not the name, that is an issue,
and that county prohibition Is the only
measure that -can .he effective.
HIGH TAX FOR M'MlNNVlLLE.
Lose of Liquor Revenue to Be Made
Up by Increased Levy.
M'MlNNVlLLE. Or.. Nov. 20. Special.)
Prohibition will entail extra taxes which
will be borne almost entirely by taxpay
ers in the Incorporated towns. City Coun
cils are already figuring on the Increase
that will be necessary In the next tax
levy. In Yamhill County are 15 licensed
saloons, located in seven incorporated
towns, as follows: McMlnnvIlle, 5; Sheri
dan. 4; North Yamhill. 2; Carlton, Amity,
Wlllamlna and Ira Fayette, each one. Each
of these saloons pays an annual license of
$400, making a total of $6000 for city treas
uries. Except for McMlnnvIlle, saloon
licenses bring in the principal revenue, of
In McMlnnvIlle the saloons annually
contribute $2000 to the city fund. City
taxes amount to $3450, and the city water
and light plant brings In approximately
$5400 annually, making a total annual In
come of $13,850. Owing to the fact that the
city has no regular system of books. It Is
Impossible accurately to estimate the ex
penses of the municipality, other than to
state that there is an annual deficit of
about $2000. The city is now bonded for
$20,000, and has a floating indebtedness of
The last tax levy Jn the city was 6 mills.
The city charter permits a maximum levy
of 10 mills, which will perhaps be reached
In the next levy for city purposes. The
price of water and lights has been raised
within the last year, and another rise is
contemplated to assist In . providing for
the loss of revenue from saloon licenses.
Prohibitionists maintain that If they are
granted a "dry" county in name they will
see that It Is "dry" in fact. Realizing
that the eyes of Oregon are on the coun
ties where prohibition is to be tried, the
leaders of the thirstless crowd declare
that erstwhile "booze" emporiums and
drugstores shall be vigilantly watched and
the law enforced to the letter, whether
"blind pigs" will operate remains to be
seen. So also does the question of a club
organization for convivial purposes. It is
thought by. many that McMlnnvIlle could
maintain such an organization, thereby
permitting the regular drinkers to have
their dram without paying a license.
HIGHER LEVY FOR CORVALLIS
Five-Mill Tax Not Sufficient With
out Saloon Licenses.
CORVALLIS. Or.. Nov. 20. (Spe
cial.) Four licensed saloons will be
put out of business by prohibition in
Benton County. These four are In Cor
vallls. Each pays a license of $500 per
year into the general fund of the city
and the other revenue for that fund
Is derived principally from a 5-mill tax.
The tax last year yielded $3,866.85,
which, with the saloon revenue, made
an aggregate Income, aside from other
small licenses, of $5,566.85.
The 5 -mill levy is the limit allowed
under the charter. To raise sufficient
revenue without saloon licenses would
require an adddltlonal tax of some
thing less than 3 mills.
The annual fixed charges in city ex
penses are: interest on warrant in
debtedness. $1200: electric light, $1020;
officers salaries, $1680, and water, $o00;
total. $4400. The City Council has had
under consideration for "a month a plan
for revision of the city charter, and it
is supposed that If found necessary.
provision will be made for power to
levy an additional tax; In fact, this
has seemed necessary, on account of
small annual deficit for the past two
years, entailed by construction of sew
ers, before which time tho city had an
Indebtedness of only about $000.
Local opinion is somewhat divided as
to how far traffic In liquor will oe
stopped by the new measure. The fact
that the Linn County precinct. Just
across the Willamette from Corvallls,
went dry- shuts off any plan for a sa
loon near Corvallls. The majority of
156 by which the measure carried the
town shows a strong public sentiment
back of It, and it Is figured by most
people that there will be a pretty strict
enforcement. The adoption of the
measure has revived talk of a men's
club, for which plans have been dls
cussed Intermittently for some time
BOY PICKED UP DEAD DETTOK
Earl Hinds Says His Father Gave Him
Money to Buy Beer.-
Taken to the Police Station in i
state of beastly Intoxication. 14-year
old Earl Hinds, of 508 East Ash street.
Btlll found a lucid moment last" night
In which he explained to the officers
that his father had sent him after beer
and that he drank it on the way noma
Officer Endicott found the boy in
helpless condition at Third and Ash
streets last night, at 7 o'clock. He was
brought to the station and held under
a chame of drunkenness, but this was
for the purpose of keeping him pending
an Inquiry into his case.
Judge Hogue has recently held that
In cases of child crimes the parents are
more to blame than the offenders, and
It is probable that a thorough Invest!
cation will be made of this case.
The boy stated to tho oflicers that his
father frequently gave him liquor, and
from the easy manner In which he
showed his acquaintance with the,
lower levels of life, his ability to chew
and smoke tobacco and his general no
tions of morality, 14-year-old Earl
Hinds aDDarently has not had all the
teachings which morality requires.
Action will be taken on his case
XEADEE OFMOB WAPJJED.
Nearo Murderers Saved by Police
Picket, Who Is Lodge Man.
LEXINGTON, Ky., Nov. 2a "William
Moore, a laboring man, was killed tonight
by three negroes who attacked the white
man in a saloon without provocation. Jim
Garfield and Ed Taylor, two of the ne
groes, were caught and lodged in jalL At
midnight a crowd that had been gather
ing -on the outskirts of the city became
formidable and their Intention to attack
the Jail to secure the negroes segmed cer
tain. Policemen were stationed in and
around the jail.
Al 1 o'clock the mob, 300 strpng, moved
on the jail. "When within two squares
of the prison a police picket hailed the
leader: "Is there an Oddfellow In 'this
crowd?" The crowd halted and tho
leader stepped forward.
In a hurried conversation the policeman
told him that 40 officers were In and
around the jail and that an' attack meant
.wholesale bloodshed, The leader re
turned to his fellows who were armed
with firearms of all descriptions and
within five minutes the mob had disap
Mexican Police Search for Pat Crowe
MEXICO CITY, Nov. 20. Pat Crowe
for whose capture Cuflahy, the Omaha
packer. Is reported to have offered a re
ward of $25,000 as the kidnaper of his
little son. la thought to -be in this city
and the police are endeavoring to locate
IS IN NEED OF FUNDS
Cardinal Gibbons Appeals for
the Catholic University.
PLEDGES PERSONAL WEALTH
Present Financial Condition of the
institution at Washington and
What Is Hoped to Be Ac- "
"WASHINGTON, Nov. 20. In accord
ance with an "understanding reached at
the recent meeting of the board of trustees
of the Catholic University, Cardinal Gib
bons today gave to the press the following
official letter, addressed to the Catholic
"Baltimore. Nov. 17. Bight. Rev. Dear
Sir The board of trustees of 4he Catholic
University of America, at Its meeting
April 14. unanimously adopted the follow
Resolved. That His Emlnince, the
chancellor of the Catholic University of
America, be required to write and to send
to the hierarchy of the United Stages,
one month before the first Sunday of Ad
vent, 1901. a letter of thanks for the in
terest taken In the collection of the uni
versity In 1903, and asking them to kindly
keep up their generous solicitude for this
worthy object by recommending it to the
reverend clergy and tho laity of their re
In pursuance of this action of the
trustees. I desire to state that the con
tributions received from 75 dioceses
amounted to $105,051. This generous re
sponse of our clergy and people to the ex
press wish of the sovereign pontiff Is an
evidence both of cheerful obedience to the
holy see and of generous devotion to their
past orders. It Is gratifying and encour
aging to the trustees that so widespread
an interest in the United States should be
manifested in the welfare of the univer
sity which exercises the highest form of
Catholic learning, is the most important
undertaking of the hierarchy. In view of
the general good. In the name of the
trustees, as well as in my own, I tender
you, your clergy and your people grateful
acknowledgement for the share you have
.taken in the furtherance of this great
"With the collection and with donations
from various sources, the receipts of t'ae
university for last year, apart from. Its
regular Income, amounted to $150,809. Of
these funds $68,743 was employed in the
payment of debts, $50,000 was invested.
and the remainder was used to meet cur
rent expenses. As a result, there was no
deficit last year, nor is there at present
any floating debt.
"The amount donated by the Knights
of Columbus, and not included in the re
ceipts mentioned, was $50,000. This was
also Invested, making a total Investment
of $100,000. The funds were placed for In
vestment In the hands of the finance com
mittee appointed last year and composed
of gentlemen who enjoy the highest rep
utation for Integrity and business ability.
The entire amount, therefore, resulting
from the collection, is absolutely free
from the complications and risks to which.
as you doubtless have learned through
the press, the general endowment of the
university has recently been exposed.
"Regarding the actual situation, I deem
It my duty to Inform you that tho funds
hitherto handled by the treasurer of the
university aggregates SSSLOOO. The dis
posal of these funds in no way Involves
the property of the university, its lands.
buildings or equipment. The funds them
selves are protected by securities, which
it is confidently believed will in any equit
able settlement insure the university
against serious loss.
"On the other hand, pending the final
adjustment of all claims now In litigation.
the university Is in a large measure de
prived of the revenues which have hereto
fore been available for Its work. This 13
the more regretable at the present time.
when the university should be
strengthened and developed as to attract
our Catholic young men and withdraw
them from non-Catholic institutions
"With the utmost economy as now prac
ticed in every department the Income is
not sufficient for the necessary expenses.
'The foregoing statement will naturally
suggest a variety of reflections; but what
is really needed Just now is practical sym
pathy and generous co-operation. This. I
am happy to say, has been shown by the
trustees and by friends of the university.
The amounts which they have guaranteed,
together with the next annual collection
which it is hoped will equal, if not exceed,
that of last year, will enable us to in
vest a considerable amount after our cur
rent expenses are paid. Moreover, a. sys
tem of financial administration has al
ready been adopted that for the future
will render the management of the funds
"With the assistance of the hierarchy
In the manner Indicated by the holy fath
er, we feel confident that the university
win oe piacea on a sound financial basis.
In justice to those who, as individuals, or
as associations, have endowed the unl
versity, we should see that Its work is
continued. Our Catholic people, I sin
cerely believe, will aid liberally in bup
porting an institution founded by the
American episcopate for the common
good of the clergy and laity in all our
dioceses. To our non-Catholic fellow-cit
izens, our united efforts in behalf of the
university under any circumstances will
plainly show that we have at heart the
best Interests of education, and that we
are not to be thwarted by difficulties.
"As I am prepared to do all In my
power to build up tho university and de
termined to guarantee It against all loss,
even at the sacrifice of all I possess.
feel assured that you and your clergy will
aid this sacred cause by an earnest appeal
to the generosity of the people under your
charge, and by personal sympathy for the
work to which this collection is applied
"The holy father, in his letter on the
subject last year, directed that this an
nual collection be taken up on the first
Sunday of Advent, or on the first con
venlent Sunday thereafter.
JAMES GIBBONS, Cardinal.
"Chancellor of the Catholic University
JN HAECIIS DALY'S O.TJABTEES
Judge Parker Engages Swell Suite at
NEW YORK, Nov. 20. Ex-Judge Al
ton B. Parker and Mrs. Parker will
spend the Winter in Now York City at
the Hotel Netherlands. - He has en
gaged the suite formerly occupied by
me iate juarcus JJaiy. xne apart
ments are. considered to be the most
expensive in the hoteL Judge and
Mrs. Parker will arrive, in- New York
Surprised at the Outcome.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 20. (Special.)
without a trace of disappointment in
his remarks, ex-Senator Henry G. Da
vis, of West Virginia, late Democratic
nominee for Vlco-Presldent, in an inter
view here today discussed the recent
election. Of the attitude of the Brest
dent he saldr
"President Roosevelt's declaration
that he would not again be a candidate
raised him greatly in my estimation.
It Is the safety-valve of tho future.
think it was the wisest thing he has
You can say that I am entirely con
tented" he replied, when askea to give
message to the people. "I was con-
iderably surprised at the outcome of
the voting, for I had believed that there
was an undercurrent which would be
with us. "We has encouragement of j
that kind in "West Virginia, where the
reports from those who took occasion
to talk with the voters were very as
suring. But not all of those who said
they were going to vote with us did so."
TT.T.TWOIS PLOWING HATCHES.
Unique institutions That Have Made
Good Farmers and Housekeepers.
Hundreds of proficient young housekeep
ers got their first lessqns in the art from
the competitive drill of two plowing
matches near Chicago. One of these In-
tltutlons has just held its 27th annual
match, and the other, the offspring of the
former, is now ten years old, and has Just
had a successful meeting. The first one'
is the Wheatland plowing, match, located
in neauand Township, will County, and
the other is the Big Bock Plowing Match
Association, located In Big Bock Town
ship, Kane Cuonty.
Both of these organizations were started
by the pioneers of their respective coun
tiescountry gentlemen .of the old school.
The work was undertaken in each case for
the purpose of encouraging boys and men
to turn a furrow with such a degree of
proficiency as to class it among the ac
complishments of an artisan. Some of the
best plowmen of the great agricultural
fields of the West and Northwest got their
first lessons in plowing in one or the other
of these Illinois institutions, the like of
which there is said to be nothing in this
The matches were hardly started before
the women took a hand. They established
In connection 'With the matches a fair at
which were exhibited products of the nee
dle and tho kitchen. On the same day
cash prizes were awarded for the best
plowing with walking, sulky or gang
plows, to men and boys, and to young
women for the best work In sewing and
embroidery and in cooking, baking and
The men provided for the prizes in the
plowing matches by raising the money
among them, and the women(accumulated
a fund by cooking and baking for a din
ner to be served on the grounds. Over
$5000 has been paid in prizes "by the elder
organization, and in like proportion by
the younger match. In order to show the
high standard that was set for the plow
men It Is only necessary to state that the
land is marked off with the precision that
a tailor uses in cutting a garment. The
plowman. In order to be perfect, must turn
the land in a given time, and the last
furrow must exactly complete the land
without a break. To use the expression
of one of the old-time Big Bock plowers.
"the furrow must be so straight that you
may stand at one end and see a mouse
Jump across it at the other end." The
work is judged and scored by the best-
known plowmen, without knowing who
has done the work.
With the same degree of proficiency the
women havo continued their efforts until
a small army of drilled housekeepers has
been produced in both counties. In
"period of time, now over a quarter of .a
century, pace has been kept, step by
step, with modern creations of both the
needle and the kitchen.
In all the time during which these
unique institutions have survived without
a jangle of any kind the young men and
the young women have gone to other
homes. Both sexes have found the train
Ing that the plowing match stirred up
to be the most valuable asset carried
away to distant lands. The graduates of
these near Chicago tilling and housekeep
ing schools have not only taught many
but they have raised families of their
own, who have gone forth and taught
others. The great Middle west has nad
the advantage of their skill.
WOMEN SHOPPERS AND THE TIP
The Bargain-Hunter's Bent for Econ
omy Is Sincere.
The shopping woman, especially the ele
gantly dressed woman of leisure, accord
ing to the matron of one of the popular
Chicago waiting-rooms, is the poorest
tipper in the world. The matron to
whom she turns for stationery, pens.
books, needles, pins and thread, or whom
she asks to watch her things while she
goes here and there upon an errand, or
the maid whom she asks to assist with
some refractory part of her dress seldom
receives even 'a dime from her for this
kind of service. If she is 111, however. It
Is a-dlfferent story- She is then inclined
to pay generously for the most trifling
"She seems to be so frightened if she
is the least bit 111 downtown." said one
of the matrons, "that she Is ready to
estimate even the most trifling service
and if she has but little money with her
at the time It is not uncommon for her
to send a check to the maid afterward.
If it wasn't for the things we are able
to do for those who are HI the tips In a
place of this kind would be few and far
between. Most of the women say, 'How
perfectly lovely,' when we get out hair
pins or hatpins or any little tning tney
happen to want, and they exclaim In ad
miration at the generosity on the part
of the management which supplies the
things, but if we brush them or help them
to sew or pin things together they take
It as one and the same thing with the
pins and needles and lay It all to the
loveliness of the 'slore."
Result of Immature Meddling.
Salem Capital Journal-
Oregon had a fairly good local option
law, as all men knew who had lived in
other states.. Oregon nan Detter coaui
tions and less liquor traffic than most
states in the Union.
But the professional agitators who find
ready-made audiences that cannot get
away in the churches, saw an opportun
ity to get Jobs in Oregon, wnere tne
people seemed unsophisticated and easy
So the howlers, like Tufts and Mahoney
and others, proceeded to make a pro
gramme of about all that the good people
would stand for. That programme was
sprung last June, and was worked out In
The result id that the good old local
option law was overthrown, and many
towns have been opened to the licensed
saloon "that never before would grant, a
All this is the result of half-baked
theorists welL meaning, tho' they be be
ing allowed to prostitute a good cause for
Tin-Plate Plants to Start Up
PITTSBURG. Nov. 20. The American
Sheet & Tin-Plate Company, announces
that the Star Works, an eight-mill plant
in this city, will be DUt in full operation on
Tuesday. According to plans now under
discussion, 84 idle tinplate mills of the
big company will, it is said, resume oper
ations "before the close of the -first week
Backed by the Rock Island.
SALT LAKE CITY, Utah. Nov. 20. The
Tribune claims to have authority for the
statement that the Rock Island Is back of
the Colorado, Wyoming & Idaho Railroad,
recently Incorporated at Denver. The
road will run from Colby, Kan., a station
on the Rock Island, to Boise, Idaho, pass
ing across Southern Wyoming.
Fushlma Vlsjts the World's Fair.
ST. LOUIS, Nov. 30. Prince Fushlma
spent most of the day In retirement at the
Buckingham Club. In the afternoon he
visited the World's Fair, viewed the Jap
anese exhibits and ether parts it the
grounds. In the evening he, attended the
"Howm m gettla' cm. wW foomh 'ritfeaetlc.
Lou?" "I feeroetf to wM up tb oeata,
to srM WMor -" ottfc' wUr.
OFFER TO GOCKRELL
Missouri Senator Given Choice
of Two Positions.
PRESIDENT SENT HIM WORD
He May Go on the Isthmian Canal
Commission or Take Place on In
terstate Commerce Commis
sion, If He Should Prefer.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 20. The President
has' offered Senator Cockrell. of Missouri,
the Isthmian Canal Commlssionershlp,
made vacant by the resignation of Colonel
Hecker, of Michigan, and has also told
him that if he feels that his health will
not permit him to take this place the
President desires to offer him a position
on the Interstate Commerce Commission.
Cockrell Declines to Talk.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., Nov. 20.-Speaking
with the Associated Press over the long
distance telephone from his home at
Warrensburg this evening. Senator Fran'
els M. Cockrell declined to say whether
or not he had been offered the Isthmian
Canal Commlsslonership by President
Roosevelt or whether he would accept
such an appointment if tendered him. He
would not, he said, in any event take any
action until he reaches Washington, No
"I have already said all I care to at
this time upon this subject." said Sen
ator cocKreii. . He declined to say
whether or not the Canal Commissioner-
ship would be an agreeable appointment.
Yesterday in an Interview with the Asso
ciated Press, Senator Cockrell said:
"If .tendered any position by the Presi
dent, I should treat it with the greatest
Best Results Obtained in China and
WASHINGTON, Nov. 20. The report of
the Commission on International Ex
change regarding its work in the past
year has been submitted to Secretary Hay
and given by him to the public. The work
covers investigations In connection with
the reform of the monetary system of,
China and the establishment of a new
monetary system In the Republic of Pan
ama. There are submitted also some data
showing a tendency toward greater stabll
ity In the price of silver bullion, appar
ently as a result of the direct action of
governments with which the Commission
conferred last year, especially of the Bri
tish government in connection with the
currency of India. This has tended, it is
asserted, to produce greater stability of
exchange, and thus to diminish" one of
the obstacles to trade between the gold
countries and the silver-using countries.
The report Is signed by the three Com'
mlssloners Hugh H. Hanna, Charles A.
Conana and Jeremiah W. Jenk3 but the
greatest emphasis Is laid upon the spe
cial mission of Professor Jenks to China
to present to the Imperial Government a
report on the work done In Europe in 1903,
and to give any further assistance desired
by the Chinese government in compliance
with Its request to the United States.
The result of these investigations and
discussions' was that many ideas regard
ing conditions in China, and what was
practicable for China were secured; that
In many cases misconceptions regarding
the nature of the reform and of the plans
under discussion were removed, and that
the experience secured and the knowledge
gained enabled the commission to under
stand much more readily the attitude of
the higher Chinese officials toward their
old system and the proposed new sys
On hlB return to Pekln the subject was
taken up for detailed discussion with the
Imperial Government. As a result of the
treaties with Great Britain, the united
States-and Japan, it has been the inten
tion of thR Chinese government to estab
lish a uniform monetary system, and for
the purpose of .working out plan3 for that
system, as well as lor meeting tne united
States Commissioner a commission has
been appointed, consisting o'f the mem
bers of the boards of revenue and several
Mr. Conger, the Minister of the United
States, in his letter to the State Depart
I have the honor to report that
Professor Jenks left Pekin for home
October 27. His task was a very dlffi
cult one. and at first the prospects
were rather discouraging, but by pa
tlence. persistence and clever presenta
tion of his unsurpassed knowledge of
the subject he has made great progress.
He has practically brought the Chinese
government to believe that his plan Is
the correct one and ought, it possinie,
to be adopted; yet, they greatly fear
that so radical a change in their Jinan
cial system cannot at present be car
ried out by a Government which has so
little real power over Its separate
provinces. However, they have prom
ised to at once consult, the leading
Viceroys and Governors and see what
can be done; but whether or not ro
fessor Jenks' plan Is adopted, his in
Rtrtietion and advice will aid the Chi
nese government greatly in its. efforts
to adopt a uniform currency as re
quired hy the recent treaties, and his
further assistance is most likely to be
solicited by them.
"More important still, of course, is
the official statement from the Chinese
irovernment tlself. Prince Ching,
"President of the Grand Coun
n wdft represents officially the
phinsm ffnTOrnment. in 'response to
fnr definite statement of his
opinion .to be presented to the United
States, wrote to Mr. Jenks on the eve
of his departure from Pekln, saying In
Pa"'fihiTin. is lust now considering the
matter of deciding upon a "new coinage
.., anA ts deliberating as to the
establishment of a national bank, aud
it Is most necessary mat it onuiuu iU1
low your plans and that all those
measures which need most urgently to
nvn tin -lust now In accordance
with those plans should at once be put
into execution.' " ,
The Commission feels, therefore, that
there is every reason to oeueve mat ujo
mieinn fnr -which It was established, to
co-operate with the Chinese and Mexican
governments in establishing sound mone
tary systems which will fix the rate of
exchange between the greatest of the
oUvfr-iismtr countries and the gold-stand-
nrfl countries, has been In great part
Some attention is given in the report
to the recommendation of the commis-
Rimv -which was indorsed by most of the
European commissions in the Summer of
1S03, that purchases or suver aciuauy re
quired for coinage purposes should be
made with as much regularity as possible.
It is declared that any step contributing
toward stability In the price of silver
bullion would In itself tend to diminish
the fluctuations of exchange and that
is gratifying to report that the policy
comparative regularity of purchases
the government of British India- and other
governments has borne I rait-
Attention is called to the fact that since
April last the -variatloo in the price
silver at London has beea witMn tk Hm
its of 2 peace $er ounce, while ht JMt
the variatlone were-ron Umm pence.
U volnted out that the prtac et toilMen
Juts reacted ugoq tbetxcsee feetwem
the gold countries and the silver-using
countries and that the result of this sta
bility of exchange has been that in the
Philippines the transition from the silver
to the gold standard has been facilitated
and in silver-using countries complaints
have been 'much less acute than before
regarding interruptions to trade with gold
ODELL AND PRESIDENT CONFER
Governor Cummins lelieves in Extra
Session of Congress.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 20. Governor
Odell. of New York, arrived in Washing
ton tonight and had a conference with the
President. On leaving the White House.
the Governor said he talked with the
President on several matters, the post
mastership of New York City being
touched on Incidentally. He declared he
had no candidate for either United States
Senator or postmaster.
Governor Cummins, of Iowa, and Gov
ernor "Vansant, of Minnesota, arrived here
tonight. Governor Cummins said his visit
was In connection with a dispute which
had arisen between the Shlloh Park Com
mission and the Iowa State Commission In
reference to the location of monuments.
he Governor will call on the President
tomorrow. He said that he thought an
extra session of Congress should be con
voked for revision of the tariff alone and
that this matter should be disassociated
from every other question.
Governor vansant said he was here to
interview Secretary Shaw on a personal
matter. He said he would see President
.Kooseveit tomorrow and oerhans would
have something to say regarding his visit
alter that Interview.
ROCKHILL TO SUCCEED CONGER
Ex-Asslstnt Secretary of State Con
vers ant With People.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 3) Rnortnl 1
The Statement is mado tnnlirht- on hli-h
aumonty that William M. Rockhill will
De aDDOintea .Minister to CThinn- mio.
cessor to Edwin H. Conger, soon after
-iiarcn 4. This change has been in con
templation for some time.
Mr. Rockhill has had much 5rnHnr
In Chinese diplomatic matters, and is eon-
ersant with the np.inlB nnil tho bnmioM
He was formerly Assistant Secretary of
state, ana is now unlet or tne Bureau of
Rough Riders Will See Old Chief.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 2a President
Roosevelt, according to his present inten
tions, will visit "Port Worth. Tpt In th
Spring on the occasion of the reunion of
mo jjirst volunteer cavalry (Rough
Riders). He has given assurance that
unless something unforeseen haoDens. he
will make the trio. With the noaslhle per
ception of an address to his comrades, it
is stated mat tne Tesiaent will make no
speeches, either going or returning.
Taft Visits in Louisiana.
NEW ORLEANS, Nov. 2a Secretary of
War Taft and his party were taken to
Reserve plantation for a glimpse of the
sugar Industry of Louisiana. Tonight he
was the guest of a dinner party given by
Archbishop Chapelle. The party wlir
leave Monday on the Dolphin. In order to
obtain a daylight view of the river mouth
and the Jetties.
HEE UJ CINCINNATI.
Strong Breeze Spreds Flames With
CINCINNATI, Nov. 20. Fire caused
a loss today In the central part of the
city, on the south side ot Fourth, be
tween Walnut and Main streets, and
also on Main near Fourth, approximat
ins 5700.000. It started about noon in
an abandoned building in the rear ot
Poimsford Stationery Company.- A-j
strong breeze caused the flames to i
spread rapidly, and it required several
hours to get the fire under control, and
early in the afternoon a general confla
gration was apprehended.
Several five-story buildings were
damaged, the heaviest losses on build
ings being sustained by the McMacken
estate, estimated at $75,000. The heav
iest losss on stocks follows:
The Rudolph-Wurlltzer Company, pianos;
$200,000; Insurance. $220,000.
The PounsfonT Stationery Company; $60,000.
F. A. Schwalll & Sons, manufacturers of
glassware and bottler supplies ; $55000.
Queen City window mass worits; $w,uoo.
The Lo ring-Andrews Company, Jewelry; $45,-
Loss Estimate Is Reduced.
ST. LOUIS, Nov. 20. The loss from fire
in the Missouri building last evening was
IS tZ iri.-
3. rye comBUMuuu.
two cup miiic
rn&2 hot ; Mm
Doctors of the St
"The acaater Specialist
of Ferthriid. who care
oaly, wh new
after effects. Our charges will be as low as possible for censcientloa,
skillful and successful service. Consult us before consenting to any
surgical procedure upon Important blood, vessels an organs.
sFxciAt, HOXX TKKATaUBNT, If, you cannot call write us. Always, ia
lne tea 2 -cent stamps for reply.
3t. Louis ffi" Dispensary
Car. Secaaa a4 YaanMtf Street. Pertiaaa, Or.
not so great as at first supposed- Ac
cording to President David, ot the Mis
souri Commission, the loss sustained by
the state" will amount to only 8,066. In
spection has proved that but ten paint
ings of Missourl s former Governors and
Supreme Justices are so badly burned that,
they cannot be replaced.
The mammoth relief mate showing the
topography of Missouri was not damaged.
All the furniture on the first floor was
saved, while that on the second floor wa"3
Fire Destroys Coal Steamer..
SANDUSKY,' O., Nor. 20. The coal
steamer Philip Mlnch, on Its way from
Fairport to Sandusky, O., was burned to
the water's edge east of Marblehead at
midnight; last night
HARRIS ON MEMORIAL WINDOW
Presented to Indianapolis Church by
INDIANAPOLIS. Tnrl.. nv. Ml Tlr. W-
L. Haines, pastor of the First Presbyte
rian Church, trvin V riellvArori tho nrtriraca
dedicating the memorial window presented
iu mo cauren oy Airs, iiary lxird narri
son, in memory of her husband, the late
Benlamin TTnrrlmn ar.Pnclil.n) rt tho.
United States. In " conformity with the
expressed wish of Mrs. Harrison, the
dedication ceremonies were informal..
TEE DAY'S DEATH ROLL.
Albert E. Troy.
DENVER. Nov. 20. Albert E. Troy, a
well-known newspaper man. died sudden
ly here today, the result of an attack of
grip. Mn Troy was news. editor of the
Post. -A widow survives him.
In Memory . of Senator Hoar.
BOSTON, Nov. 2a Under the auspices
of the Ancient Order of Hibernians of
Suffold County, memorial services for the
late United States Senator George Frisbie
Hoar were held In Fanueil Hall- tonight.
Hugh S. Thompson.
NEW YORK. Nov. 20. Hugh S. Thomp
son, ex-Governor of South Carolina, died
tonight, aged 63 years.
Remarriage of " Respondents.
PARIS, Nov. 20. The Minister of Jus
tice has Issued a circular Instructing the
Judicial authorities to interpret in the
most liberal pdsslble sense the laws relat
ing to the remarriage of respondents in
divorce suits, which hitherto have always
been most rigorously applied.
The law forbidding the marriage of a
respondent and a corespondent remains in
Torce, but the instructions are not to re
fuse permission In the event of the first
husband being dead.
Marie How did Mr. Scribbler take your re
fusal when he proposed I Louise In shorthand.
He la going to use It in his next novel. Phila
A soft, fine grained skin
is a valned possession.
Pears' Soap gives title to
- - Established hrrjSg. , -
J Isn't it just barely passible cof-
fee hurts you? Try
10 days in its place
' AND MAKE SURE
Get the little book. "The Road to "Well
s' ville," in each pkg.
ftnlve tha breakfast biU-of-
nroblem. Five minutes and
ar readv for the eriddle the
? aalf-rislnfr. Anvons can make
good pancakes, muffins or gems by following"
tha recipes on tha, package.
mtriuc an ecenomieal breakfasnitioa that is rocda.Il the
vear round because one never taras of the whsaL. com. 23
To two cups Falcon Paneeke Ftatr add eeoegh RuHcertraier te.
ta&ka & comperaurciy thin busk, or use me sags F&nc&Ke t-ioor.
cna &i5peennii tugv or sjrs, r sg; asm .
ie after buxIbc. j-1
Pancake Flbttr at tha
SHANNON C MOTT COMPANY,
Wmrs Fweaa Fn Feeds
Sfs rlemee, 2a.
Louis 1 Dispensary
IN DISEASES OF MEN
BLOOD POISON, RUPTURE, KID
NEY AND URINARY DISEASES
and all diseases and weaknesses ot men. due to in
heritance, habits, excesses, or the result o specific
Every man who Is afflicted owes it ta himself and
bia posterity to get cured safely and pdsltlvely, with
out leaving- any blight Or weakness in his system.
We make no misleading statements or unbusiness
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their patronage. The many years of pur successful.,
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ITXDKR A2TV CONDITIONS and If we And you are
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