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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING QREQONIAN, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1S03.
Entered at tne Postofflce at Portland. Oregon,
as teeond-class matter.
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tising, subscription, , or to any business matter
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tation. Mo stamps should be Inclosed for this
Eastern Business Office. 43, 44. 45, 47, 48. 49
Tribune Bulldlnir. New York City; 510-11-12
Tribune Building. Chicago: the S. C. Beckwlth
Special Agency. Eastern representative.
For sale In San Francisco by L. E. Lee. Pal
ace Hotel news stand: Goldsmith Bros.. 230
Sutter .street: F. W. Pitts. 1003 Market street;
J. K. Cooper Co.. 740 Market street, near the
Palace Hotel; Foster & Orear, Ferry news
etand; Frank Scott, 80 Ellis street, and N.
. Wheatley, 813 Mission street.
For sale In Los Angeles by B. F. Gardner,
250 South Spring street, and Oliver & Haines,
205 South Spring street.
For sale in Kansas City. ilo.. by Rlcksecker
Cigar Co., Ninth and Walnut streets.
For sale in Chicago by the P. O. News Co.,
217 Dearborn etreef. Charles MacDonald. 63
Washington street, and the Auditorium Annex
For sale In Minneapolis by M. J. Kavanagh.
60 South Third street.
For sale In Omaha by Barkalow Bros., 1612
Farnam street: Megeath Stationery Co., 1303
Farnant street; McLaughlin Bros., 210 -S. 14th
For sale in Ogden by W. G. Kind. 114 2Uh
street: James H. CrockwelL 212 25th street;
F. R. Godard and C. H. Myers.
For sale In Salt Lake by the Salt Lake News
Co., 77 West Second South street.
For sale In Washington, D. C, by the Ebbett
House news stand.
For sale In Denver. Colo., bv Hamilton &
Xendrlck. D06-912 Seventeenth street: Louthan
& Jackson Book & Stationery Co., Fifteenth
and Lawrence streets.
YESTERDAY'S WEATHER Maximum tem
perature. 75; minimum temperature, 00: pre
TODAY'S WEATHER Partly cloudy and oc
casionally threatening; cooler; westerly winds.
PORTLAND, SATURDAY, SEPT. 10.
SO DICTATION OR INTERFERENCE.
Employers must be free to employ their
work people at wages mutually satisfactory.
without interference or dictation on the part
of individuals or organisations not directly
parties to such contracts.
In these words does the National As
sociation -of Manufacturers record its
Minn tn thf xi'nllrlner deleerate and
www. ....... Vr o I
his propensity to butt in where lie has
not been invited, and where he has no
concern. It Is easy for the fair-minded
man to sympathize with this declara
tion. Nothing can be more galling to
an independent, self-respecting business
man, who is capable of running his own
business If let alone, than to nave a
committee or a business agent, with
whom he neither has nor desires an ac
quaintance, intrude Itself upon the rela
tions between himself and his employes.
He Js apt to tell them that he has no
business with them, and they have no
business with him. If he gets mad, he
Is excusable. If he puts them off his
premises, they have no right to com
plain. This Is all perfectly satisfactory, with
possibly one trifling detail. It should
be explained, perhaps, in what way the
National Association of Manufacturers,
Its president, Mr. Parry, or its pro.
moter, Colonel Kahlo, become parties
to a -contract concerning wages' be
tween, for example, the Inman-PoXilsen
Company and its hands. If the honest
man's gorge rises at the presence here
of the president of the National Cigar-
makers or International Bartenders,
how Is It to remain unmoved at the
proposal of somebody from New York
City or Detroit to organize the manu
facturers of Portland into a branch of
the National union, with annual dues,
chapel rules and all the other parapher
nalia of Industrial organization?
In other words, the manufacturers de
clare that what is sauce for the goose
is poison for the gander. There is no
objection, they say, to labor organiza
tions as such. It is only when they un
dertake to better their condition that
organized worklhgmen are to be con
demned. And, inasmuch as unions that
try to. get wages raised or protect each
other from injury are pronounced lm
proper, we shall expect to see the Na
tional Manufacturers' Association re
rain from any concerted action op
posed to higher wages or In mutual pro
tectlon of Its membership. Its members
will pay $50 a year merely for social and
spiritual edification, for the promotion
of Sunday school picnics and the study
Charles Francis Adams, who as Mas
sachusetts' Railroad Commissioner
thirty years ago advised the state to
purchase and operate a railroad for the
restraining effect It might have on pri
vate monopoly, has written a letter
condemning public ownership in un
measured terms. Mr. Adams is a whim
sical man, .and turns intellectual and
industrial somersaults with great neat.
nesB and dispatch. English municipal
tramways, in the matter of service.
charges, etc., are preferred to private
tramways in England. "What is called
municipal trading in England Is extend
ing rapidly in face of. the most strenu
ous opposition of private monopoly in
terests. Toronto is a good illustration
of successful experiment in the matter
of municipal ownership. Municipal
governments now build and maintain
roadways and streets, and why should
they not build and maintain street rail-
ways? It would seem entirely lust
either that the public should build and
maintain both roads and street rail-
ways or turn over both to private con
struction and maintenance.
There is no reason why government
cannot conduct public business as effi
ciently as a railway corporation, -whose
business is run by salaried agents.
There are kinds of business that natur
ally drift through public regulation and
control to public ownership. In the
matter of our postoffice business It Is
undeniable that It costs a good deal of
money, but it Is better for the public to
pay the deficit out of its own pocket
than to have the postoffice business per
formed by a private corporation that
would make It pay a dividend by pinch
ing and vexing the public. So in the
matter of the anthracite coal mining
monopoly; if these mines were owned
ana operaiea oy tne uovernment, a
prime necessity of fuel would not be
"held up" In production far into Win
ter because of a labor quarrel. Private
ownership that dejeinrcs a dividend bv
pinching and persecuting the public Is
of no advantage to the public The
public would rather run their mails at
a loss, and their coal mines at a loss,
than suffer the pains and penalties that
might be Imposed by the private car
riage of the mails or the private owner-
snip or a coal mining monopoly.' The
general public might as well pay a defi
cit as to submit to perennial extortion.
CHAMBERLAIN HAS A FUTURE.
Mr. Chamberlain retires, but not with
discredit. He has taken the manly
course, the logical and the wise.
whirligig of time will bring him up
again, mayhap as a greater even than
Secretary for the Colonies. "What he
has done is only an Indication of what
he can do.
It Is not to the derogation of Mr.
Chamberlain's achievement that his po
sition is essentially wrong and unpop
ular. To be one of these unfortunate
things is sufficient to damn most un
dertakings. But to be both and yet
make such Impression as Mr. Chamber
lain has made upon his political envi
ronment, hostile to him and his theo
ries, is to demonstrate an order of abil
ity which must be reckoned with.
Why Mr. Chamberlain Is wrong, It Is
unnecessary to repeat. His agitation is
not economic, but political. He seeks
to solidify the empire by cultivating the
colonies. Now the vitality of an organ
ism's outlying members depends upon
the vigor of the center of power. To
get the circulation into the hands and
feet -we stimulate the heart; and the
heart of the British Empire Is Great
Britain. There it is that power must
dwell If the empire Is to cohere. It Is
fatal to fortify the colonies and enfeeble
the seat of authority. Everything that"!
adds to the greatness of the colonies at
the expense of the United Kingdom
hastens the day, not of greater Imperial
strength, but of dissolution. The great
er Britain is, the closer will the colonies
cling, the feebler she grows, . whether
from political dissension, military de
cline, overtaxation or Industrial de
pression, the brighter will grow the
dreams of Independence for Australia,
for Canada, for South Africa-
Is It possible that, after all, Mr.
Chamberlain Is shrewdly Interpreting a
feeling throughout Great Britain that
British" power is waning, and that
something must be done to rehabilitate
Its ancient prestige? Is it all imaginh.
tlon or something tangible, which impels
commissions of inquiry Into the Inroads
made upon British trade and produc
tlon by France, by Germany, by the
United States? And if the unrest and
dread cannot be explained away, what
else can they signify but that British
ascendency is seriously menaced?
Certainly it Is anything but reassur
ing that the only considerable political
enterprise proposed for amelioration of
British industry and conservation of
British power Is one so transparently a
forlorn hope as the employment of some
or other form of protection. Certain it
is that almost every day we see some
British association or other handiner
down its opinion on the cause of Brit
ish difficulties and the remedy for Brit
ish decline. If these difficulties are as
conceived, and if this decline Is real.
then the sun of the British Empire
has departed a hair's breadth from the
zenith toward the "West. Then the long
and solemn journey has begun that will
end some day as did the story of Nine
veh, of Tyre, of Venice and of Spain,
Then we may be sure that in the wild
Teachings after some path to vanishing
greatness, some deliverer from the com
ing darkness, the nation will some time
turn to the man who goes out today, a
vanquished bu not discredited Secre
tary for the Colonies.
"What we are to look for now is an
enfeebled and embarrassed administra
tion, and most probably a Liberal vie
tory next year. But a Liberal victory
will not alter circumstances or allay
the dread of industrial competition
abroad and industrial weakness at
home. Mr. Chamberlain, possibly, is
not, after all, a cause, but only a symp
THE BALKAN WAR. CLOUD.
The Sultan Is reported to have Issued
an irade directing the fortifications of
Adrianople, Chataldja, the Bosphorus
and Erzeroum to be put In order. This
order implies that Turkey expects war
ultimately with Bulgaria and Russia.
Adrianople Is on the railway from the.
Bulgarian frontier to Constantinople, a
little more than one hundred miles from
that city. An advance from Bulgaria
toward Constantinople would be obliged
to take Adrianople, which is a large
city, for it could not afford to leave
such a city and its garrison In the
hands of the Turks occupying the
railway. Adrianople would have to be
taken before a Russian army landing at
Midia, on the Black Sea, could attack
the Turkish lines with advantage.
Chataldja, on the railway, twenty-five
miles west of Constantinople, is the
first of the advanced line of the de
fenses of Constantinople that stretches
irom xerKos, on tne -tsiacK sea, to a
point on the Sea of Marmora.
whether the Russian Black Sea
squadron could force a passage through
the Bosphorus to Constantinople, or
into the Sea of Marmora, is doubtful
unless the batteries are manned by for
eign artillerists. The fortifying of
Erzeroum is to provide against a Rus
sian Invasion of Armenia, These prep
arations mean that intervention in the
affairs of Macedonia on the part of
Russia and Bulgaria will be resisted by
the Sultan. The common sense solu
tion of the present situation in Macedo
nia and Bulgaria would be the per
emptory extinction by the powers of
Europe of the Sultan's rule in any of
the Balkan states. But there Is no
hope of this common-sense solution, be
cause all the powers are so selfishly
jealous of each other that they cannot
agree upon a course of action, and be
cause they cannot agree probably the
Turks will be permitted to "pacify"
"Macedonia about as a butcher pacifies
a lamb by cutting its throat Mace-
donia will obtain the tranquillity of
death, for the Sultan will "create a
solitude and call it peace."
Europe has not greatly changed in
Its inhuman selfishness since Russia,
Prussia and Austria divided the gar
ments of the kingdom of Poland among
them. The powers would expel Turkey
from Europe tomorrow If they could
agree upon a working plan of cam
paign. What to do with these Balkan
provinces and hbw to arrange for their
future government without offending
Russia or Austria or Italy or Germany
would be difficult questions to answer.
Neither Great Britain nor France prob
ably would be contumacious; France
seeks no territory in that quarter, and
would be willing to see Russia have
her way in regard to Slav peoples of
the Balkan states; Great Britain has
no quarrel with Russia In Europe,
whatever may "be the hostile prospect
hi Nrrth China. Germany J.s disposed
to resist the encroachmeAts of Russia,
and for this reason would be likely to
favor the Sultan as long as public sentl-
ment in his own country will permit It.
Turkey in Europe is a good buffer
against Russia's advance, but If Tur
key In Europe became, chiefly political
dependencies of Russia, Austria would
join hands with Germany to resist the
practical occupation of the Balkan
states by Russia, and Italy would help
The present situation ought to be
solved by the expulsion of the Turkish
government from Europe, and the crea
tion of a great confederacy of Balkan
states from the Gulf of Salonica to the
Black Sea. Albania Is Inhabited by a
race of robbers who are Mohammedan
in religion. Italy should be given Al
bania, with the understanding that
these robbers were not expected to
change their religion; they would be
obliged to abandon their brigandage or
endure expatriation. The Albanians
should be treated as the British gov
ernment, after the Jacobite rebellion of
1745, treated the Highland clans in Scot
land. They destroyed the tribal or clan
government. They forbade the wearing
of the distinctive Highland dress, and
they disarmed the mo3t, turbulent clans.'
In other words, the Highlander was
henceforth governed by municipal law
and British statutes, and not by the
authority ofhis hereditary chief. The
Albanian, who is, like the old-time
Scotch - Highlander, a . mountaineer,
flghteV, and brigand,'-needs the same
kind of stern discipline to fit him for
civilization. Turkey never dared apply
coercive measures to Albania, but Italy
would enjoy pacifying Albania with a
THINGS MIGHT" BE "WORSE.
"We shall certainly not admit that the
trusts are slowly but surely disinte
grating and losing their power, or that
the cost of living Is on the decrease.
That would be too much of a jolt. As
Mr. Chamberlain would say, the coun
try Is not ready, for It,
And yet there are some facts which
are Irreconcilable with any other con
clusion. For example, -in the State of
New Jersey, where the trust thrives, as
on its native heath, no fewer than for
ty-four corporations have been placed
in the hands of receivers since the first
of the year." The authorized capital of
these fortyfour corporations aggre
gates $80,340,000. Their liabilities are
$17,27233.51, and their assets are esti
mated at $1,564,684.28. But there is little
doubt that this is an overestimatlon,
because land and personal property, In
some Instances, are entered among the
assets at a -valuation ridiculously large.
The state authorities are' loth to admit
that the corporation business is falling
off, but it Is, markedly. Nineteen hun
dred and one was the banner year. Fil
ing fees in the office of the Corporation
Clerk for the twelve months beginning
the new century amounted to $887,439.87.
The following year they fell to $465,-
089.33. Up to September 1, this year,
they have amounted to $228,892.62.
There has been a gradual decline since
the month of May. In that month the
fees amounted to $58,208.65. Last month
they amounted to only $10,626.25. From
Its miscellaneous corporation tax New
Jersey last year received $1,968,208.37.
New Jersey's corporation business is of
vital importance to her, and it is with
keen regret that the state officers notice
a marked shrinkage In the Income from
On" the other hand, Dun's Review
gives it out cold that the cost of living
is on the decrease. Its latest investiga
tion shows that prices of commodiies,
proportioned to consumption, decreased
during July and are lower than they
were a year ago. The figures are as
Dairy and garden..... 11,800
Other Roods ,2G0
Totals $07,891 $99.65 $100,177
The decline in prices for -July was 1.5,
and 2 2 for the year. It Is but natural
to assume that tne prices win show a
further decline for some monr..-. ...
Is lower than at any time since the
trust put the clinches on the market
In November, 190L The abundant corn
crop promises to keep meat prices down
for the coming year at least. Clothing
is higher, owing to the Increased cost of
raw materials, but in almost every
other line the cost of living Is reduced,
and the wage-earner has an opportu
nlty to realize -something upon the ad
vance In wages, which has been almost
universal within the last year. A re
ductlon of 2.2 per cent in thecost of
living Is not, it is true, any great
achievement, but It Is In the right di
rection. Reports, show that railway
trainmen have had their wages in
creased almost 20 per cent within the
last two years, and skilled workmen in
every line have secured advances run
.ning from 5 to 15 per cent, so that the
laborer, as the Washington Post figures
it out, is receiving his share of the gen
eral nrosDerltv of the country.
If the grasp of the trusts is weaken
ing and the cost of living is decreasing,
one might argue plausibly that the way
to help the common people Is to smash
the trusts. On the other hand. Senator
Beverldge. might hold that the trusts
are the cause of the reduced prices. A
wise Democrat, of course, would deny
both propositions in their entirety. It
would be necessary for him to shudder
at the increasing menace of the trusts
and the higher and higher cost of liv
ing. . Perhaps one reason for the hard
lines upon which some of the trusts
seem to have fallen may be found
in the better wages labor Is .receiv
ing and the lower prices on staple prod
ucts. These are probably due more to
the good old law of supply and demand
than to Republican wisdom In provid
lng good crops, or to the linguistic
activity of Mr. Bryan. One trust that
stands in sore need of a few hard swats
Is the packers' combination, for which
Secretary Martin, of the Livestock As
sociation, seems to be girding on his
spurs and lariat. Oregon wishes him
good luck, and will Join in the yell of
victory as soon as it is in order.
A NEEDED LESSON.
hopgrowers of Oregon
The hopgrowers of Oregon have
learned that a few bales of moldy hops
will cause the entire product of their
yards to be graded down. They, there
fore, issue orders to their pickers to
skip any moldy hills that may be
the rows, and put only the clean hops
in the boxes. The exactions of trade
are strict in this matter as they should
be and effectually prr ventmy attempt
to smuggle In an Inferior grade where
the contract calls for clean hops. If the
same rule could be made, or was made.
to apply to the small potatoes that are
placed In the bottom of the sack, the
wormy apples, peaches and pears and
Inferior berries that? form the lower, or
perhaps .the, middle, . layer of fruit in j
boxes, It would quickly improve the
iiuallty of. fruit offered in our local
This Is not suggested as a matter of
moral reform, but as a material benefit
Jo all concerned. No one is made hon
est by compulsion, but vendors can be
made to observe the simple regulations
of honesty by a cIose.gradlng of the
stock that they place In market. The
revolt two or three years ago of con-
'pumers against stained, moldy, dlrfcy
berry-boxes that had seen from two to
five seasons' serviqe in the berry patch
and crate was speedily effective; as a
rule, berries have been brought to mar
ket this season In fresh, clean boxes and
have borne a correspondingly good
' But the small potatoes; of which there
seems to have been a good .many to
the hill this year, are still sold on the
recommendation of the half peck of fine
ones that are placed In the top of the
sack, while scrubby pears, green
peaches and scabby apples are smug
gled upon the buyer, on the fair promise
of the fine-looking fruit at the top of
the box. This practice applies so gen
erally to the products placed In our
local markets that, in order really to
enjoy the best that the state produces,
our people must go asjar East as Den
ver, and possibly, on to Chicago. The
time is ripe for a revolt of consumers in
this city, who, under present condi
tions, pay first-class prices for second
rrade prodifcts and sort out and cast
away that which Is unfit to eat as they
are preparing them for the table. The
remedy Is In their own hands. The
retail grocer who finds inferior articles
returned to him will speedily pass the
hint on to the commission merchant,
and he to the packer and shippers, with
the result that culls from the orchard
and vegetable garden will be fed to
stock and the -people who pay for first-
class' produce will get It. As a rule,
those who will not be imposed upon do
not have to be. Hopbuyers have dem
onstrated this fact fully; so also have
heatbuyers, and those who handle
fruit In carload lots In farther markets.
Local buyers can do the same If they
SPORT AND SPORTSMAN.
"Is it not strange," says the Milwau
kee Sentinel, "that a language so com
prehensive as the English does not con
tain one single word that can aptly ap
ply to one who, possessed of a love for
sports, still retains his standing as a
citizen, a man, and his own self-re
spect?" It would be strange if no such
word existed, but while the term sports
man remains in the tongue therfe is no
need to lament over an imaginary' de
ficiency. There can be no higher praise
than to sa.y that a man is a sportsman.
It signifies that he "plays the game" in
all circumstances, and will never trans
gress the written or unwritten laws
that should govern his actions, whether,
he play the game of war or of love, of
commerce or of science.
The Seritinel regrets that the simple
word "sport", should be synonymous
with "tough," and that its application
to' a self-respecting man is an insult.
'Sport" In this application is a bastard
word, and may very fittingly be left to
those equally well described as "tough,"
the term sportsman being reserved for
those worthy of It
"Sport," illegitimate as it Is, was not
in Its handicapped youth applied to the
classes It now designates. It was meant
to replace the word sportsman, but with
inevitable tendency to degrade
In their associations, It was'
dragged into the colloquial mire. The
same misfortune has overtaken many
other words. "Gentleman," "defamed,"
as Tennyson says, "by every charlatan
and soiled by all Ignoble use." no
longer slgnmes anything more than a
person of the male sex, and it is curious
to note In this connection that "man"
and'gentleman" are changing places
The movement Is due to some extent,
of course, to a consideration for the
feelings of others. Thus a shopgirl has
become a saleslady, and a negro Is
Words have their ups and downs, just
like the people that use them. The
aristocrat of the Century Dictionary
may In a few decades be branded as
slang, and some of the words that Dr.
Johnson scorned are used today by per
sons of the finest taste. We cannot
prevent the movement, but we can at
least prevent the true-blue "sportsman'
from being confounded with the flashy
The Polk County exhibit at the State
Fair was justly admired, not only for the
varied and .excellent products of which
It was comprised, but for the taste, care
and industry shown In Its collection and
arrangement? Mrs. F. A. Wolf and her
daughter, Miss Belle Wolf, who col
lected and arranged the exhibit, were
entitled to and received many compll
ments' for their work, besides the sub
stantlal first premium In the county
competitive exhibit of $350. The success
of Mrs. Wolf, by the way, shows the
value of experience In collecting and
arranging an exhibit For the past
thirty years, It is said, she has been an
attendant upon and worker In the State
Fair. This, means that she has seen
from year to year tfie very best that
the state has had to offer, or, more
strictly speaking, the best that has been
offered for exhibition and competition
She has, moreover, developed great In
dustry In drumming up agricultural
products for exhibition and fine taste
in' arranging them. It may not be out
of place to say here that one woman
thus equipped with knowledge and ex
perience would be of greater value on
a board of fair managers than half
dozen women or. men who, with the
best intentions in the world, hav
everything about fairs to learn.
Among the Clouds, In closing the
Mount Washington season with .Its last
number, makes personal appeal
every reader. In whatever state he may
reside, "to urge upon his Representa
tlve In Congress the Importance
speedy action on the bill to establish
forest reserve in the White Mountains.
Nothing- velse can save the forests on the
north slopo of the Presidential range from
destruction. If the bill does not pass this
"Winter, the most beautiful parts of th
range will be disfigured, to remain"- so for
years. Evidence of a public demand for the
bill will so far toward securing Its speedy
report. Let the lovers of our mountains
watch the progress of the bill and press
with all their earnestness for Its Immediate
passage. If they would preserve our scenic
beauties Intact. Let the appeal come from
even state, that Congress may know it Is
not a sectional matter, but one In which the
people of the whole country are Interested.
New Zealand, for such a small hen
in the world's farmyard, cackles very
loudly over her legislative eggs.
Sir Thomas Llpton may be considered
as almost a naturalized citizen, now
that he has had appendicitis-
SPIRIT OF THE NORTHWEST PRESS
Attached to Nobody.
Walla "Walla. Union.
One would imagine that the Portland
Oregonlan is quite attached to Secretary
Hitchcock. Still, there Is no accounting
Not Incredible, but n ScRrvy.L.Ie.
Portland being on the Columbia River
route, takes courage from. the. growth of
commerce at New Orleans. It is almost
incredible, but true, that the Portland In
fluence has been exerted against the im
provement of the upper Columbia whlle
Congress has been urged to expend every'
available cent between Portland and the
AH Other Conflicts Faded.
Pilot Rock Record.
The Mayor of Portland Is In hot water,
as every other Mayor of that city in re
cent years has been, hlayor "Williams in
his younger days took! an Important part
in the reconstruction of the South after
the war of the rebellion, but he found
all this as child's play as compared with
'the settlement of the gambling problem
and social evil which persistently and
brazenly defy- the laws enacted for their
suppression or municipal control.
Good Way Not to Get On.
Why does Congressman Williamson, lam-
bast Secretary Hitchcock on his forest re
serve policy and then express surprisa that
his recommendations for land - office or
other appointments receive no attention?
Congressman Williamson would not grant
many favors to a man who should ridi
cule him. It is true that our statesmen
should be made of sterner stuff, but they
are not. If this forest reserve policy Is
a pet hobby of the Administration, as is
alleged, the hostile criticism of Con
gressmen will not win the appointments
that are so precious.
Strictly on the Fence
The Oregonlan is experiencing some dif
ficulty since the Knowles episode In main
taining neutral ground between the Ore
gon delegation and the Administration.
The observing reader discovers between
the lines a secret gratification over a lit
tle difference of opinion between the Pres
ident and the Oregon delegation which re
sulted in the appointment to an Eastern
Oregon land office a man not recom
mended. The Oregonlan Is filling its col
umns with comment on the affair and
et dare3 not takes sides openly. The
Oregonlan is in a very peculiar political
position just now.
Trcnnon in a Teacher.
Yesterday a teacher was heard to in
struct one of her pupils to call Mount
Tacoma, "Mount Rainier." While It
would be easy to make a technical de
fense for the teacher, It would be fair to
tell pupils the truth about It Mount Ta
coma was Mount Tacoma for generations
before Vancouver chose- to name It after
one "Regnler," the title having since de
generated to the Seattle form. Olympia
hag a lodge of Good Templars organized
In the '50a. It Is Tacoma lodge. The
designation was chosen In honofof Mount
Tacoma. By a trick that was both small
and scurvy! Seattle made the authorities
at Washington. D. C, think that "Rain
ier" was the choice of the people. It Is
not the choice of the people of Tacoma,
and they never will give, countenance to
The True Villain Found at Last.
Special Agent Greene, who has frcquent-
ljbeen a visitor at this place, has be
come a hero. He has met and conquered
the Oregon Congressional delegation. Tho
latter foolishly recommended an Oregon
lan for appointment as Register of the
Land Office at La Grande. Greene didn't
Jike the man proposed and recommended
a candidate of his own, who was appoint
ed. Greene Is the highest type of the
busybody. He Is entirely Incapable of see
ing both sides of any question. Some
people in this vicinity believe that he Is
responsible for the reserve policy of the
Interior Department in this region. It Is
supposed that the Inspector had a heart-
to-heart talk with some cattlemen. If the
Oregon delegation to Congress does not
at least reach for the hair of Mr. Greene
it is no good.
Don't Walt Too Long.
Walla Walla Union.
A year is not so very much after all to
advertise a National fair In, and It be
hooves the Lewis and Clark promoters
to hurry. Practically no effortx has yet
been made to rouse interest in the Fair
back East, and now, when an inquiry of
any kind comes from east of the Rockies
to the Fair management it stirs up won
der that the fame of the Exposition should
have reached so far. The Louisiana Pur
chase Exposition -has had already nearly f
two years' aavertising, ana tnis m aaai
tion to the fact that Missouri and St
Louis are bywords all over the United
States, while Oregon and Portland are
comparatively unknown quantities. It will
be necessary back East to educate the
masses where Portland is before any ade
quate idea of the magnitude of a fair she
might hold could be imparted.
Sure Proof of Hlfili Chnracter.
Cottage Grove Nugget.
It woujd seem from present indications
that Secretary Hitchcock is determined to
thrust upon the State of Oregon every in
sult within his power, simply because of
some petty differences existing between,
himself and Hon. Binger Hermann. .Not
only has he used his personal influence to
prevent the appointment of Land Office
officials recommended by both Senators
and Representatives, but seems determined
to make the people angry by throwing Into
the forest reserve the best lands In the
state. Already he has succeeded In plac
ing about one-fifth the area of the state
in the reserve, and for no other reason
than that he has been informed that the
citizens of the state do not want It Just
why an officer should use his high official
position In the manner that Secretary
Hitchcock is using his Is more than the
average citizen can understand. When
such men as Mitchell, Fulton and Her
mann recommend a man for office there is
reason to believe he Is worthy, regardless
of Hitchcock or any other man.
Fecandity of: the DourIux Fir.
We of Oregon, who have lived on the
western slope of the Cascade Range for
over 40 years, have seen forests spring up
and completely cover tho ground within
that time. We have seen the yellow fir
attain a thickness of 24 inches in les3
time than that We have seen fields con
sumed by the forest, and what was once
plow land Is now a jungle. We have seen
land logged 20 years ago. We see that
land today more heavily timbered than
before. The Bureau, of Forestry says:
"We are looking far Into the future. We
are taking steps now that will benefit
Oregon in the distant future. The people
don't understand." That is the whole
trouble. We are subject to the dreams of
a theorist, a man with a long pipe and a
little lamp. There is nothing practical in
their theory. If they were men of experl
ence, men close to nature, who understood
her laws and teachings, they would know
that a tree reaches its ago limit just the
same as an animal, and that when that
limit is reached the tree dies of old age
and falls, to rot on the ground. They
would Lnow that the old fir growth in
Western Oregon has attained to Its full
size, and much of it is dying of old age.
They would know that it is the part of
wisdom to have that old timber removed
and give the young growth a better chance
to thrive. They would know that the old,
decayed 'timber off the ground is a lire
trap for the standing timber; and they
would know many other things that they
never heard of.
OUT WITH CHAMBERLAIN.
S. B. H. In New York Commercial.
I 'suppose there were plenty of people.
who, like myself, felt long ago something
like a tnrlii wnen tney reaa tne woru
"Chancellor of the Exchequer"; and when
they knew that behind this mystic title
there was the Intensely interesting per
sonality of Gladstone or of Disraeli.
Nobody could profess to be similarly
moved at the mention of the title now.
Gladstone lent to the great office the bril
liancy of stupendous financial genius;
Disraeli gave It the even greater glamor
of one of the most romantic careers in
the great volume of successful and daz
zling adventurers. Mr. Ritchie is simply a
"city" man of business who deals with the
budget of an empire with the same so
brietv of manner and of phrase as If he
were presiding over the annual meeting
01 me union name
And yet Ritchie is an Interesting per
sonality lifter his own fashion. In- some
respects. Indeed, he la one ot tne potent
influences of the House of Commons; arid
this Is the more remarkable because it la
difficult to say what it is exactly that
gives him influence. He s not a, gooa
ntuiv Via ta n Viarf nnp.iker: he
lujs no commanding knowledge. Up to the
time ha entered Parliament he was
Scotch jute merchant, and possibly he
has never been a half a month in his life
outside the narrow bounds of these Isles.
Nor has he any advantage of birth or
family connection. He is one of the few
exceptions in the present government of
a man who is .entirely outside of the social
ranks of tha Cecils or the other great
houses. Nor is Ritchie's position to bH
attrlbuted to personal popularity among
his own political frlend3 and associates.
Indeed, there is a section of the younger
Tories, which, I believe, pretty cordially
detests him; he Is regarded as an inter
loner on sacred oreserves.
And yet there he Is, holding one of tho
three or four great offices in the govern
ment; stepping from one great position to
another: and now In charge of the finance
of the nation. This is but a small part
of his record as a Minister. Few people
outside the House of Commons know it.
for Mr. Ritchie Is not a man to attract
public attention; but there Is no man In
the House who has passed so many and
such large measures. It was Ritchie who
created the London County Council; It
was Ritchie who amended the factories
act; it was Ritchie who passed the licens
ing act which has recently produced so
much turmoil among the publicans. All
these measures were highly contentious;
affected powerful interests; were vigorous
ly opposed; and not a single one of them
had a clause that did not bristle with dif
ficulties. And yet Mr. Ritchie carried
them through. It Is this success in carry
Ing measures which accounts for the dis-
like of him in certain quarters in his own
party. He Is regarded as a wolf In sheep's
clothlnK: In other words, as a Radical
anxious and successfully carrying Radical
legislation, while a Minister in a Con
I must say at once that I do not believe
there Is the least ground for charging
Mr. Ritchie with radicalism; he belongs.
It is true, to tha democratic section ot the
Tdrj party, but he Is not in the least a
Radical. The reasons of his success are
that he Is very adroit watches how things
are going with consummate skill, knows
when to be pliant and wneiwrr do od
stinate. and has great force of character.
It Is this force of character which baffles
his enemies, and enables him to withstand
many attacks. The broad shoulders; the
raw-boned strength, .the features massive
and pronounced, the heavy and virile
stride, and the quiet self-control all these
things mark the typical Scotchman. In
deed, that sums It up; Mr. Ritchie Is a
success because he 13 so tnorougniy
What to Tax.
"Mew York. Times
Mr. Chamberlain is having his wsrk laid
.out for him when he opens his campaign
for preferential duties In Scotland next
month. The canny Scot is looKing preiiy
closely at the, specific Industries to he
affected by the radical changes proposea
by tho Colonial Secretary and will not be
content with vague generalities. An
annlvsls of the Imports of the United
Kingdom, published in Free Trade, the or
gan of the anti-Chamberlain section of
his own party, is receiving special atten
tion. It gives the following results
1. Fnnfl 44. S
2. Liquor v
3. Raw materials for use in Industry
a rvurioiv mnnnfnctured materials for
use In Industry 3.4
,5. "Whollyi manufactured materials ana
.plant for uso In Industry 8.0
Ttnmotlo nnnllnnres and nersonaL
T. T.iixnrles ................. 5.4
Miscellaneous .... -
Here it will be seen that about So per
cent of all the imports are either food
products or materials In various stages
for use In Industry. Scotland is essential
ly an . exporting country. It people will
not patiently submit to a tax on either
the food on which depends the cost 01
livinrr and hence the rate of wages or
on materials of manufacture. When Mr.
Chamberlain comes to talk to them he
will be forced to nam explicitly the
basis of his proposed taxes and to show
what advantages jfhe people of Scotland
can expect to derive from the system that
will more than
balance the burden of
A Hint for Hitchcock.
Mr. Hitchcock ought not to treat his
suspected employes with too much tender
consideration. He should not allow them
to handle moneys, properties, and keep on
rendering decisions until the doors of the
penitentiary close upon them or they are
forced out of office. Where he has not the
power of removal, as in the case of the
Dawes Commission, he should be prompt
to recommend to his chief the suspension
and In some cases, perhaps, the arrest dur
ing investigation of all members against
whom the nroof of venality is strong and
the presumption great.
THE CLEVELAND BOOM.
Tho Indorsement of Cleveland by the Chi
cago Chronicle may mark the beginning of
a formidable anti-Bryan spntimcnt tnrougn
the "West, which might end Bryanlsm before
the meeting of the Democratic National
convention hut for the two-thirds rule of
that body. Pittsburg Gazette.
The Chicago Chronicle declares that Gro
ver Cleveland, If nominated, would poll
every Democratic vote In the country. We
don't believe It. But that he would poll
more votes. Democrats. Independents and
disaffected Republicans, than any other
Democrat named for the nomination Is un
doubtedly true, and the popular recognition
of this truUi may result In his nomination,
desDlte thet reluctance of politicians, who
would prefer a standard-bearer who would
yield more readily to their Influence. Troy
(X. T.) Press.
The Chronicle Is the first metropolitan ally
In the V.'est to Join the Cleveland move
ment, and It Is highly significant. Illinois Is
one of the doubtful states over which the
two nartles flght strenuously in every cam
palgn, and Its part In the Democratic con
vention will be exceedingly influential. With
a big paper like the Chronicle waging
flght for Grover Cleveland all the Demo
cratic forces In the state will be put to
work either with or against the Cleveland
forces and a general hot time may be ex
pected before the Issue Is fairly settled.
Mr. Cleveland Is not a destructionlst. He
has the courage of all his convictions, but
not one of them Is wild-eyed. He does not
Include among the list of criminals the men
who have carried American brands Into all
the markets of the world. He Is the antith
esis of the peerless leader William Jennings
Bryan. Should he be for the fourth time
nominated for the Presidency ho would not
undertake to perform any mtraclos. Inci
dentally, he would permit spectacularlsm to
go by default. Many enterprises which
would have otherwise been carried forward
are being held In abeyance for gpod and
sufficient reasons. Tho election of Grovor
Cleveland would reassure, the world of busl-
ns Rrooklv" Easle.
K0TE AND COMMENT.
Everf a Chinese hates to pay graft to the
Curtlss Jett Is beginning to learn that
the law Is serious.
Where Rockefeller scores over the plumb
ers is that he never strikes.
Charity and-the tinkling cymbal are not
unallied at the Qrittenton Home.
Dentist Davis probably sighs "for a gas
that Would insure painless divorce.
The Cactus remains in a desert, unre
lieved. even by the green of a faro table.
Although the Eagles' convention is over,
the Irrigation Congress keeps up the good
The , electrical' -workers may find amuse
ment In Indorsing Hearst, but they know
hqw to switch.
Joe Chamberlain will probably need the
uU output or the family factories to nail
all the compaign lies.
The girl returning from a vacation
doesn't know whether to be sorry it's over
or glad that she's back.
"I always said that one head was better
than two," said Mrs. Cabbage, of Colfax,
as sho applied for a divorce.
Nevada is so thickly populated with In
dustrious citizens that it can well afford
to dispense with the thriftless Chinese of
It would be asking too much of Mabel
Hlte to love such a piker as Ellis Ham
lin, who was able, to make $20,000 last
Ten thousand more, of their compatriots
having been massacred the Bulgarians
have grown so impatient that it will not
require much to provoke them into taking
"Isn't that grand!" exclaimed tho Mu
sical Enthusiast as the great organist
thundered out the "Pilgrim's Chorus."
"Oh, it's not an altogether unpleasant
noise," responded the Coldly Critical
We always thought says the editor of
the Clackamas Chronicle, that the men
framing the Declaration of Independence
had plenty of horse sense. When they
put in that piece about the pursuit of
liberty they knew no one ever catches up
with 1, and the chase keeps them from
bothering the Government' too much.
The ordnance survey map of England is
just being completed, after 11S years' work.
at a ccst of $2,500,000 In the last ten years.
Every tree, fire plug, and so focth. Is
shown in the map, and even the number
of steps to each house is shown. The
government should now enact a law mak
ing it illegal for a householder to alter
the appearance of his property, otherwise
themap will be out of date in 21 hours.
There are modes and modes in beginning
newspaper stories. Sporting Life of Lon
don, in telling of the big race for the
Prince of Wales' Plate and Danny Maher's
return to the track, begins thuo:
St Boreas-was bending his bow this morn
ing to a high tension, and the north wind
whispering round the towers of the Minster
packed away tho rain clouds, allowing a
gleam or two of sunshine to enhance ,the yel
lows, crimsons, grays and scarlets and royal
blues of the Autumn sunflower, phlox, Mi
chaelmas daisies, and geraniums and lobelias
that b'loom In the old-fashioned gardens of
the old-fashioned city.
More Clinmberlnin Correspondence.
The following correspondence has been
obtained with great effort by The Oregon-
lan's representative in London:
My Dear Balfour The country will have
nothing to do with the preferential tariff.
However much you and I may regret the
blunders of the people, however clearly wo
may see that I would lead them in the
right direction, in a country where voting
is allowed It is not practicable to disre
gard the wishes of the people. I have
,,jj . J .m
lUKreiuie uctiutu. m u.itu
once begin to educate the people. Yours
SIv Dear Chamberlain I have no set
tled convictions as to the advisability of
answering your letter, and do so from a
sense of courtesy. As to the effect of
your resignation my mind is open, al
though, as you have severed your con
nection with the government I am com
pelled to accept it. It is indeed a phe
nomenal occurrence that you should leave
the Cabinet because you think my posi
tion is not sufficiently advanced, and that
Ritchie should separate from me because
1 am too radical. What am I to make of
this? My mind is open to conviction
either way. I believe when you are talk
ing to me that your views are right, but
strive as I may I can obtain no settled
convictions on the matter. Yours very
sincerely. A. J. BALFOUR.
P. S. May I say with whatgratitlcati;n
I learn that Austen Chamberlain is to re
main in the Cabinet? I can hardly bear
to Imagine the government without an
eyeglass. ( A. J. B.
PLEASANTRIES OF PAUAGRAPHEKS
He You're getting your hat ruined. She-
Well. It's an old hat. and I do hate to wet
my new umbrella. Detroit Free Press.
Naggsby How did the contest In optimism
result last night? Waggsby Gaggster won tho
prize by laughing most heartily at one of his
own Jokes. Baltimore American.
First Explorer We must hurry back. Sec
ond Explorer But the North Pole Is ours If
we keep on. "But If we don't get back new.
we'll be too late for the "lecture season. '
Ida Charley Lighter has gone so far out In
the suri that I fear he will drown. May On.
he'll keep afloat. Ida But he hasn't a lire-
preserver, .nay ?0, Dut ne nas a curit-uivcu
cigarette In his mouth. Boston post.
"Oh, you needn't talk," said the Indignant
wife. "What would you De toaay ir it wcro
not for my money? Answer tnat, win ycui"
"Tnat's an easy one," replied the heartless
wretch. "I'd be a bachelor.' Cincinnati iriD-
My husband doesn't gamble now. as he used
to." "Reformed, has he? Yes, he doesn t
go to the racetrack at all any more. His worst
dissipation now Is swimming. I thlnK. At any
rate, he says he only goes to the poolrooms. '
'Br'er Williams," said Brother Dickey, "jcu
all time talkln 'bout wantln' ter go ter glery
In a chariot of lire. How'd you like ter try
It in de middle cr August?" "Br'er DiJf, '
replied Brother Williams, "w'en I made d.r.i
remarks we wuz deep In December, en as
white snow wuz all over de groun'l" Atlanta
Our airship having attained an unusual alti
tude, we arc both Interested and ent-rtalncd
by the strange sounds floating to us from tne
circumambient other. presume," says one
of the strancers, who hns all along bored us
by his attempt at being witty, "1 presume that
faint ding-donging we hear is rrom the gougs
of the milk wagons hurrying down the n liky
way." "No," t-ays the captain rather gruff
ly. "That's Saturn's rings." Judse.
"Yes. sir; before we accept your donation
we want to ask you a serious question." "uo
ahead. What Is it?" "We want to know hew
you acquired It." "Acquired what?" "Ycur
money." "But whnt Difference does that
make?" "It makes Just this difference. It
you acaulrcd It by what la Known as ques
tionable means. It Isn't nearly large enough.
If It was made In a legitimate pursuit it la
tTnnnt." Cleveland Plain Dealer.