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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. XLIII. NO. 13,345.
PORTLAND. OREGON, ' FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1903.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
STANDARD WHISKEY FOR GENTLEMEN
PURE, MELLOW AND DELICIOUS
ROTHCHILD BROS., Portland, Oregon, Sole Agents
FROM 10c TO $5.00
THE ONLY PROPER WAY TO KEEP YOUR VACATION PICTURES
BLUMAUER-FRANK DRUG CO.
1 142 FOURTH STREET.
Assets, $359,395,537.72. Surplus for Policyholders, $75,127,496.77
"STRONGEST IIS THE WORLD"
Rates no higher than other coiiiiaiiie ,
Zj. SAMUEL, Manager, 30G Oregoninn Building, Portland, Oregon.
There's Life ond Strength In Every Drop .
. BEVERAGE OR A MEDICINE
Tor .U r All Drnrxltt.
BlUMAUER & HOCH, Sole Distributers, Wholesale Liquor and Cigar Dealers
fMSXd KETSCHA3T, Ptm.
ssan ako wlshixstor streets, pobtuko, oreki
European Plan: .... $1.00, $1.50, $2.00 per Diy
COST ONE MILLION DOLLARS.
HEADQUARTERS FOR TOURISTS AND COMMERCIAL TRAVELERS
Special rates made to families and single gentlemen. The manage'
merit will be pleased at all times to show rooms and give prices. A mod
dern Turkish bath establishment In the hotel. H. C. BOWERS, Mgr,
Tonight and all this -week and Saturday
"The Great Novelty Melodrama,"
Buried at Sea
PRICES, ICe, 25c,
DOIN'T YOU THINK
It Is about time you had those eyes looked after? Do they hurt
you? Do you see good and easy and without strain? If you don't
you better not delay. Consult our Optician. It will pay you.
Glasses save the eyes if properly fitted and we fit them properly.
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MARYLAND FOR ROOSEVELT
Republicans Hold' State Convention
and Name a Stnte Ticket.
BALTIMORE, Sept. 17. The Republican
Slate convention met today and nomin
ated the following ticket:
Governor, Stevens A. Williams; Attorney-General,
Georgo Whitelock; State
Comptroller, L. E. P. Donnis.
The platform Indorsed the administra
tion of President Roosevelt and favors his
renominatlon In 1&Q4.
C "W. EXOWLEB, Xssw
Is our standing advertisement.
You may see this ad.'in a thou
sand of Portland's finest homes.
EXCLUSIVE CARPET HO"SE.
SO-SS THIRD STREET,
Opposite Chamber of Commerce.
$3 PER DAY
Next -week, commencing Sunday night,
THE MORDANT-HUMPHREY COM
YOUNG MRS. WINTHROP
A beautful society play, and Nat C.
A GOLD MINE
3Gct 40c, COc
Cor. 1'lilril nnd WnhIngton St.
BIG BUILDING COLLAPSES
Tvro Men Are Injured and Contrac
tor Is Held for Negligence
NEW YORK, Sept. 17. A five-story brick
building, under course of construction
at the corner of Madison and Rutgers
streets, collapsed today. Carmelo Lacrop
pey was Internally Injured and Joseph Le
vins skull was fractured. Their condition
is serious. Benjamin Rubensteln, the con
tractor who Tvas erectinsr the buildinx
Frank Bacher. his ceneral foreman, and
two sub-foremen were arrested, charged
t wun criminal negligence. v 1
OUT Of CABINET
KING ACCEPTS: IT
Ritchie and Hamilton
DIVIDED ON PROTECTION
British Colonial Secretary
Quits to Promote Cause,
HIS LETTER TO THE PREMIER
Policy of Preferential Tariff Can
Best Be Nurtured by Private Cit
izens Balfour in Reply Favors
. Scheme in a. Measure.
1SCS Buckingham (C).
lSGS-Granville (L.). Kimberlcy (L.)
1874 Carnarvon (C.) Sir Michael
18S0 Kimberley (L.), Derby (L.).
1885 Colonel F. A. Stanley (C.).
18SG Granville (L.).
18SC E. Stanhope (C), Knutsford
1892 Rlpon (L.).
1894 Rlpon (L.).
1895- J. Chamberlain (C).
1902 J. Chamberlain (CO.
C, Conservative Ministry- L, Lib
eral Ministry. Mr. - Chamberlain
himself Is a Liberal Unionist.
LONDON, Sept. 17. Official announce
ment of ,hc resignations of Mr1. Chamber
lain and two other members of the Cabi
net was made tonight at Downing street
in the following communication:
"The following Ministers have tendered
their resignations, which have been ac
cepted by the King: Right Hon.-Joseph
Chamberlain, Secretary for the Colonies;
Right Hon. C. T.- Ritchie, Chancellor of
the Exchequer, and Lord George Hamil
ton, Secretary for India. The accompany
ing correspondence passed between the
Premier, Right Hon. A. J. Balfour, and
Mr. Chamberlain." .
Then follows Mr. Chamberlain's letter
dated Birmingham, September 9, com
mencing "My Dear Balfour," In which he
sets forth his reason for resignation. An
extremely interesting feature of the letter
is the following statement concerning a
"For the present, at any rate, a prefer
ential tariff agreement with our colonies.
Involving any new duty however small on
articles of food hitherto untaxed, even if
accompanied by a reduction of taxation
on either articles of food equally univer
sal in their competition, would be accept
able to the majority of the constituencies.
However much -we may regret - the de
cision; however mistaken we may think It,
no good government In a democratic coun
try can Ignore it., -
No Hope of Success at Present.
"I feel, therefore, that as an Immediate
practical policy, the question of preference
to the colonies cannot be pressed with
any hopo of success at the present time,
although there Is a very strong feeling in
favor of the other branch of fiscal reform
which would give fuller discretion to the
government in negotiating with foreign
countries for a freer exchange of com
modities, and which would enable our rep
resentatives to retaliate if no concession
Were made to our just demands.
"If, as I believe, you share these views.
LORD GEORGE) HAMILTON.
Secretary to India,
it seems to me-that you will be absolute
ly justified in adopting them as the policy
of your government, although it will
necessarily Involve, some changes In its
constitution. .As Secretary for the Colo
nies during the last eight years, -i" have
been In a special sense the representative
of the policy of a closer union, .which I
firmly- believe to be equally necessary. In
the interests of the colonies and our
selves. I believe It is possible today, and
may be Impossible tomorrow, to make ar
rangements for such a union. I have had
unexampled, opportunities of . watching
events and appreciating the feelings of our
kinsmen beyond the seas. I stand, - there
fore, in a different position to any of my
colleagues, and I think I should justly be
blamed if I remained in office and thus
formally accepted the exclusion from my
political programme of bo important a
Best 'Promote the Cause as Citizen.
"I think, that with absolute loyalty to
our government, and with no fear of em
barrassing it in any way, I can best pro
mote the cause I have laid outside, and I
cannot but hope that In a perfectly inde- J
pendent position, my arguments may best I
be received with less prejudice than when'
they attach to those of a party leader. I
Aecordlnclv. I would suggest you limit the I
present policy of the government to an !
assertion of our (freedom in the casorof all
commercial relations -with foreign'Scoun
trles, and that you should agree to my
tendering my resignation of my present
office to His Majesty, and devoting my
self to the work of explaining and popu
larizing these principles of .imperial union
which experience has convinced me are
essential to our future welfare and pros
perity. Yours very sincerely,
The first portion of this letter refers
to Mr." Chamberlain's first speech on the
subject at Birmingham, and Mr. Balfour's
reply to the corn deputation. Mr. Cham
berlain says neither of them was Intended
to provoke a purely party controversy.
He points out the unyielding opposition of
the Liberal party, which, scouted out the
Idea that a system generally accepted in
1S4G could possibly require modification in
1903. Meanwhile the advocates of the re
consideration were at a great disadvan
tage owing to the admitted differences of
opinion inside the party. The political or
ganization of the party was paralyzed.
Mr. Chamberlain declares an unscrupulous
use has been made of the old cry of the
"dear loaf," and that serious prejudice
has been created. In the rest of .the let
ter he goes briefly over the same ground
regarding protection, as did Mr. Balfour
In his recent statement.
Balfour in Reply.
'Mr. Balfour, in a letter to Mr. Chamber
lain, dated September 16, explains he did
not reply earlier because he knew he
would soon have an opportunity of talk
I Ing over the 'important Issues with which
the letter deals., "Therefore this reply,"
he says, "rather embodies the results of
our conversations than adds anything new
Mr. Balfour continues: "Agreeing, as I
do, with you that the time has come when
change should be made in the fiscal
canons by whicn we nouna ourselves in
our commercial dealings with other gov
ernments, it seems paradoxical, Indeed,
that you should leave the Cabinet at the
same time that others of my colleagues
are leaving it who disagree on the very
point with us both. Yet, I cannot but ad
mit that there 'is some force In your ar
guments In support of that course, based
as they are upon your special and per
sonal relation with that portion of the
controversy which deals with colonial
preference. You have done, more than any
man living or dead to bring home to the
citizens oX the Empire the consciousness
of imperial obligation and interdepend
ence between the various fragments into
which the Empire is geographically di
vided. "I believe you to be right in holding
that this Interdependence should find ex
pression in our commercial, as well as our
political and military, relations. I believe
with you that a closer fiscal union be
tween the mother country and the colo
nies would benefit the trade both, and
if such closer union could be established
on fitting terms advantages to both
parties would Increase with years and as
the colonies grew in wealth and popula
tion. Only Difference Between Them.
"If there has ever been any difference
between us in connection with this matter
it has only been with regard to tho prac
ticability of the proposal which would
seem to require, on the part of the colo
nies, a limitation in the all-around devel
opment of a protective policy, and on tho
part of this country the establishment of
a preference in favor of important colo
nial products. On tho first of these re
quirements I say nothing; but if tho sec
ond Involves, as it most certainly does,
(Concluded on Second Page.)
RESIGN AS MEMBERS OF
Li IS AT FAULT
Lieu Land Selections at
Bottom -of Frauds.
RICHARDS IS FOR REFORM
Measure Is a Boon to . Specu
lator, Instead of Settled
FULTON'S CHARGES AT HAND
Commissioner Says He Gave Out No
Tips on. Withdrawals Hitchcock
Silent Unless Accusations Arc
EVILS OF THE LIEU LAND LAW.
The lieu land law ought to be re
modeled on an equitable basis. In
deed, I am almost in favor of Its
complete repeal, but that would
hardly bo fair. The law should be
so amended as to restrict lieu selec
tions to lands of equal area, and of
approximately equal value to those
given back to the Government in
forest reserves. The law was osten
sibly framed for tho benefit of bona
flde settlers, but a study of. the map
of forest reserves established in tho
post four or Ave years leads to the
conclusion that they wero created
primarily In tho Interest of land
grant railroads and wagon road
companies. Statement by Land
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington," Sept. 17. No one in Washington
stands ready to 'deny the general charge
made by Senator Fulton, in the Oregonian
of September 12, that some official, or
officials, of the Interior Department have
been giving out advance Information to
land speculators In' Oregon and other
states which has enabled them to settle
upon thousands of acres of public lands
which were soon thereafter embodied in
great temporary withdrawals made for
forest reserve purposes. Unless the Sen-T
ator makes his charges specific, names the
men who have made speculative entries,
designates tho land that has been so en
tered, or points out the leaks through
which speculators have obtained ad
vance information, his allegations will
not. be given serious consideration by
tho Secretary of tho Interior. Mr.
Hitchcock is alfcay from Washington,
but were he here ,he would not
reply to the general statement of the
Oregon Senator. His subordinates like
wise decline to make reply, and say no
denial will be entered until specific in
stances of fraudulent entry, or the Im
proper exposure of departmental secrets,
Richards Defends His Office.
Land" Commissioner Richards is more
frank. "I have not a doubt," said he to
day aftec.readlng the recent arraignment
of Senator Fulton, "that many speculative-entries
have been made. In Oregon,
In localities referred to by tho Senator.
But I do not hesitate to say that no man,
in Oregon or any other state, secured from
this office any advance information which
would enable him to tell what lands we
proposed withdrawing. This Is one thing
we havo carefully guarded. There may
be leaks In the Interior Department or
elsewhere. I don't undertake to speak for
other offices, but there arc no leaks here.
Commissioner Richards went on to ex
plain that the temporary withdrawals are
madcto head off the very abuses of which
Senator Fulton complains.
Continuing he said: "They are made to
prevent speculative entries. But in the
making withdrawals pass through three
different bureaus before action is taken
by tho Secretary of the Interior. The
original outline of temporary withdrawals
is usually prepared by the Bureau of
Forestry, on suggestion of Its field repre
sentatives. Their recommendations go to
THE BRITISH CABINET.
of the Exchequer.
the Geological Survey, and In turn pass
through the General Land Office for recommendation.-
Before -the Forestry Bu
reau acts it sends men into tho country
where it is thought forest reserves should
be created, and later representatives of
the land office visit these areas."
Field Men May Have Given Tips.
- Commissioner Richards says it is quite
possible that some of tho field represen
tatives of the Government may have become-
the tools of land speculators, and
for a consideration made known the
'character of their recommendations, upon
which withdrawals were subsequently
made. Tho land speculators, he says, are
shrewd, cunning men, and no doubt they,
at times, have learned from . tho field
agents tho very facts they were after,
and never paid a cent for their Informa
"But after all," he says, "the fact that
many acres of worthless, or other land,
entered by speculators, have been brought
into a temporary withdrawal, 4oes not
chango their, status; does not give the
entryman any privilege of lieu selection.
No special rights accrue to him, unless
his land is brought within a forest reser
vation, and you may be very sure that
we will go slowly In creating reserves,
especially from withdrawals that embody
lands which have been entered under sus
picious circumstances. Whenever we find,
in going over the records, that a bunch of
entries have been made In any locality
just before a withdrawal has been or
dered, we will exercise the utmost care
to determine whether those entries were
made In good faith. Every suspicious cir
cumstance will be examined into and the
Government will be given the benefit of
Will "Weed Out Speculative Entries
" wo are not going to include In any
new reserve any lands 'we think were en
tered for speculation. There is no hurry
about creating new reserves. In Oregon
the lands we want are now covered by
withdrawals, and further speculative en
tries cannot be made. We will take our
time and weed out all lands that are not
valuable for forest reserve purposes, and
all lands in private ownership that are
not especially desired as a part of a re
serve. We are not going to repeat the
errors of past years, and create wholesale
lieu base, nor give to land-grant rail
roads and wagon roads an opportunity
to make millions of dollars out of new
lieu selections. Of course any new
serve mat is created will contain some
private lands, but it will be mostly land
that was entered some time before the
temporary withdrawals . were made."
It was suggested to the Commissioner
that, according to common report, specu
lators had settled upon a large strip of
land along the outer boundaries of the
Blue Mountain withdrawal. "If we find
that to be so we .will draw the reserve
line just inside of those entries," was the
Lieu Land Law Is WroiiK.
Commissioner Richards recognizes that
the lieu land selection law is at the bot
tom of these forest reserve frauds, and he
strongly advocates the modification of
- "The lieu land law ought to be remod
eled on an equitable plan." said he today
"Indeed, I am almost in favor of its com
plete repeal, but that would hardly be
fair. The law should be so amended as
to restrict lieu selections to lands of
equal area, and of approximately equal
value to those given back to the Gov
ernment in for.est reserves. The lieu land
law was ostensibly framed for the bene
fit of bonafide settlers, whose lands were
included within forest reserves, and who
were thereby shut off from schools
neighbors, and other advantages. Such
settlers should always enjoy tho right
of equitable exchange, but a study of
tho map of forest reserves established
in the past J. our or five years leads to the
conclusion that they were created prl
marily In the interest of land grant rail
roads and wagon-road companies."
INDIAN' LANDS TO BE RECLAIMED.
Government Lets a Contrr.ct for a
Cnnnl on Yakima Reservation.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, Sept. 17. The Indian office today
closed a contract with Nelson Rich, of
Prosser, Wash., for the construction of
a four-mile irrigation canal on the Yaki
ma Indian reservation, by which It is pro
posed to reclaim about 20,0000 acres of
sago brush land. The cost of the canal
and headwords'is to be $25,600.
There are 50,000 acres of desirable land
on the Yakima reservation that can be
reclaimed at a minlmun cost, and at the
time it was intended, by act of Congress,
to -authorize the Yakima Irrigation Com
pany to construct all necessary canals for
the reclamation of the entire tract. The
failure of Congress to authorize this pro
ject induced the department to enter into
a contract for the reclamation of a part
of this tract, and If the experiment proves
a success efforts will be made to secure
a sufficient-appropriation to reclaim the
remaining 30,000 acres.
Under this contract Rich will be re
quired, as far as practicable, to employ
the Yakima Indians on construction work.
Most of the lands to be irrigated, It Is
said, have been allotted, or are now con
trolled, by reservation Indians.
TURKS SLAY ALL
Ten. Thousand Lives Are
Taken at Kastoria,
TOWN REDUCED TO RUINS
Massacre Exceeds Anything
So Far in Macedonia.
PRESS URGES BULGARIA TO ACT
Immediate Mobilization of the Army
Is Held Necessary, as America's
Experience Proves Only Force
Will Avail Against Turkey.
NEW PLAN OF TOWERS.
The continued atrocities of Turkey
In Macedonia thoroughly alarm tho
powers, and a proposition to havo
Russia and Austria occupy the coun
try with military forces is being re
ceived with great favor. Great Brit
ain favors the plan If the other pow
ers agree; Italy has given Us ap
proval, and Franco Is expected to
fall In line.
There is little doubt that the awful
massacre at Kastoria will cause Bul
garia to take decisive action, and if
war Is to be averted, the powers
must act without delay.
SOFIA, Bulgaria, Sept. 17. The Foreign
Office here has received Information that
the Turks have destroyed the town of
Kastoria, 36 milessouth of Monastir, and
have massacred the population.
The report of the massacre comes from
sources admitting of little doubt, though
the details are lacking. It was received
with the gravest concern by the officials
The population of Kastoria numbers
about 10,000 persons, and the massacre of
such a number In one place,. If the re
port be true, exceeds anything which has
occurred in Macedonia. At the present
critical moment, when popular feeling is
intense, the effect of the report of such
a stupendous slaughter may be most
The press Is nssumlng a belicose tone.
The Dnevik tonight complains that tho
government's partial mobilization of three
divisions Is utterly inadequate, and urges
the immediate mobilization of the whole
Bulgarian army, pointing out that the
experience of other nations, France, the
United States and Austria, 'has proved
it is always necessary to display strength
when, dealing with Turkey. Tho paper
advises the government to act now "at
a favorable moment when tho people of
Europe are evidencing encouragement of
The government, .while steadily pro
ceeding with the partial mobilization plan,
is endeavoring to avoid unnecessarily ex
citing thb people, and consequently has
(Concluded on Second Page.)
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPER.
Chamberlain. Ritchie and Hamilton resign
from British Cabinet on account of protec
tion Issue. Pace 1.
Turks slay 10.000 people at Kastoria, and re
duco the town to ruins. Pago 1.
Russian-Austrian occupation of Macedonia to
end hostilities is being received with favor.
Page 1. ,
Land Commissioner Richards says lieu land
law Is largely responsible for the many
frauds. Pace 1.
Government lets contract for canal to reclaim
land on Yakima Indian reservation.
Pago 1. ..
Oregon makes a bid for tho 1904 Irrigation
Congress. Page 2.
Crisis in Sir Thomas LIpton's condition will
h3 reached today. Pago 2.
New York Is swept by another severe gale,
and shipping suffcra heavily. Page 3.
President Roosevelt delivers address at dedi
cation of Antletam battlefield monument.
Page 5. - '
Curtis Jett, the Kentucky feudist,. is. ready to
confess. Page 2.
Pacific Coast League games: Seattle 9, Port
land 1; Los Angeles 10, Oakland 3; Sacra
mento 4. San Francisco 3. Page 14.
Pacific National League games: Seattle 11,
Salt Lake 1; Spokane G, Butte 3. Page 14.
Preliminary contests In Multnomah Club's
athletic tournament. Page 14.
Portland djy at the State Fair Is a record
breaker Tor attendance. Page 4.
Timber applicants must He or lose their en
tries. Pace 4.
S. P. Donkel, rancher, is murdered and body
hidden on the Deschutes River in Crook
County. Page 4.
Commercial and Marine.
Prune market not yet opened. Page 13.
Chicago wheat easier on better weather. Page
Steel the feature o the stock market. Paga
San Francisco produce quotations. Page 13.
Conference at The Dalles falls to settle rate
war. Page 12.
Big steamship Vermont chartered to carry
mixed cargo to South Africa. Page 12.
Secretary Martin, of National Livestock As
sociation, denounces Hitchcock and booms
Portland as a packing center. Page 10.
Alaska Packers' Association Is slow to fix
opening prices. Page 12.
City authorities will not allow new gambling
house to osen. Page 8.
Portland rider will try slide for life. Page 8.
Mabel Hlt .will meet an angry husband In
San Francisco. Page 10.
Crlttenton Home affairs near a crisis. Pago
Northern Pacific has settled nearly all claims
for Injuries in Elks tralnwreck. Page 8.
John Davis finishes evidence In damage suit
against his mother-in-law. Page 14.
. - . v. .4.