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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
TIIE MOjInIKG OREGONIAN, TUESDAY, JULY -21, 1903.,
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YESTERDAY'S WEATHER Maximum tern
perature. 01; minimum temperature, 58; pre
TOD AT S WEATHER Increasing cloudiness,
probably followed by showers and cooler
weather; winds shifting to southerly.
.PORTLAND, TUESDAY, JULY 21, 1003
A GREAT SPIRITUAL SOVEREIGN
The death of the great spiritual sov
ereign and statesman of the Vatican at
the extraordinary age of 93 years Is, of
course, not an unexpected event, but
it is one that may be fraught with Im
portant and far-reaching political con
sequences. "When on February 20, 1878,
Cardinal Peccl assumed the papal chair,
he was 68 years of age, a time of life
when the world does not expect and
does not often obtain brilliant service
of any man. Nobody had a right to
anticipate that Pope Leo would survive
his 93d year four months, and few ex
pected that he would prove himself to be
the. greatest statesman and most astute
diplomatist that has stood at the head
of the Church of Rome for more than
200 years. There have been great
statesmen before among the popes,
like Gregory VII (Hildebrand), Ju
lius II, Sixtus V, and many
others. The popes who unflinchingly
defied such able Kings as Henry II,
John and Henry VIII In England; who
successfully resisted three of the ablest
Emperors of Germany in the Middle
Ages, were, of course, men of great
mental and moral force, but It is prob
able that history will place Pope Leo
XIII In the very first rank, of the
Roman pontiffs, because all that he has
wrought has been due to the power he
has exercised as a purely spiritual sov
ereign oVer the politics of Europe. His
great predecessors enjoyed temporal
power, and at their call the armies of
more than one great military power of
Europe stood ready to do battle In their
When Pope Leo succeeded Pius IX, a
hot-headed. Impetuous man, a peace
maker was needed, and Leo XIII has
been emphatically a peacemaker
through his diplomatic skill and patient
statesmanship. Under this great pope
In Germany the animosities of the Kul
turkampf have given way to a situa
tion where the government party In the
Reichstag is obliged to rely on the
Catholic or Center party to save it
from defeat by the Socialists. Bis
marck's anti-Catholic or Falk laws have
all been repealed save that excluding
Jesuits from residence in Germany, and
that is likely soon to be expunged. The
German Emperor openly courts the
good offices of the Vatican, and alto
gether the victory of Leo In Germany Is
as complete as when his great prede
cessor made Emperor Henry come to
Canosss. The Church of 'Rome under
Leo XIII has improved the conditions
of Catholics in other non-Catholic
countries, in Russia, in Great Britain
and In the United States. In France
Pope Leo has acted with extraordinary
prudence in urging all Catholics to
support the republic, and In avoiding
any open rupture with the French gov
ernment on the subject of the religious
In Italy, while the pope has never
consented to a formal renunciation of
its claims by the Holy See, neverthe
less his matchless prudence has ere
ated a condition of things that is al
most equivalent to a modus Vivendi, so
rare have become the occasions for con
flict between the Vatican and the Qulri
nai. On "both sides every pains is taken
to avoid everything that might revive
former hostilities. The difference be
tween Pius IX and Leo XIII was a dif
ference both of temperament and Intel
lect. Pius IX was a Bourbon, who in
politics learned nothing and forgot
nothing, while Leo was a man who
rode the wave of the modern political
movement which .Plus IX vainly sought
to stem, and instead of being a man
born out of his time he behaved like
on up-to-date statesman, who led his
great church- In both Europe "and the
United States in sympathy with mod
era society and government. In France
Pope Leo saw that the drift of the
French people was for a republic, and
he promptly cast his influence with
that form of government and refused to
tie his vagon to the settlngstar of
desiccated monarchlsm. In the United
States Pope Leo always approved of
the advanced Catholicism In politics of
Cardinal Gibbons and Archbishops Ire
land, Xeage and Spalding. The great
pope saw clearly that under our form
of Government his great church had
every possible opportunity for the en
joyment of vigorous life, liberty and
toleration, through our fundamental
laws which separated church and state
and exacted no religious tests for office.
When Bishop Ireland told the pope that
he thought It better for the patriotic
education of the Catholic children that
they should go to the free public schools
rather than exclusively to the parochial
schools, the pope directed that no Cath
olic parent should be made a subject of
ecclesiastical discipline if he chose to
send his child to the public school
rather than to the parochial schools.
When an .able statesman and diplo
mat of the quality of Pope Leo passes
out 6f the field of the world's politics,
it Is certain that his death will be
sensibly felt and expressed possibly In
some more or less Important changes
of politics. He has never consented to
accept the stipend voted by the Italian
Parliament; he has never permitted
faithful Catholics to take part In par
liamentary elections; he has never
ceased to protest against the act of
military invasion by which the pope's
temporal power was extinguished and
Rome was Incorporated with the Ital
ian monarchy. But there are members
of the College of Cardinals who are
less Inflexible than was Pope Leo. The
late Cardinal Parocchl was a Liberal
and a patriot, who believed it possible
to establish a modus Vivendi between
the papacy and the civil power, and In
1887 he presented a plan for an ad
justment of the relations between
church and state. He lost favor with
the pope by Inviting Queen Margherlta
to be present at a religious ceremony
over which he presided, and was re
moved from the position of vicar of
Rome, the highest which a member of
the sacred college can hold In Italy.
A large majority of the sacred college
are believed to uphold the irreconcilable
policy toward the Italian state which
Plus IX and Leo XIII have personified.
Theoretically, the College of Cardi
nals, when they meet' In conclave to
elect a successor to the dead pope, are
absolutely Independent of all extrane
ous Influence, but in practice It has
never risen entirely above the sway of
the Influence of the powers of Europe.
The Emperors of Germany and Austria
are allies bf the King of Italy, and they
will do what they can to obtain the
election of a pope who will be willing
to see the long-standing quarrel be
tween the Italian state and the Vatican
brought to an end by moderate con
cessions on both sides. France will
exert its influence In the same direc
tion through the French cardinals in
the college. The Italian cardinals, how
ever, form a considerable majority of
the college, and if united can determine
the choice of the next pope. The tem
poral power of the pope is gone, never
to return. The unity of Italy and the
territorial sovereignty of the pope In
Rome Is absolutely Incompatible, but
with the death of the temporal power
the spiritual sovereignty of the pope
has been vastly Increased. That Is, the
Influence of the Vatican has gained
rather than, lost ground In both Europe
and America since the death of the tern
poral power of the pope, who no longer
carries with him the political odium
that was charged against Plus IX by
the friends of Young Italy until the day
of his death.
A LESSON IN HEREDITY.
The annals of men of genius present
some curious problems for students in
heredity to solve. Charles 'Lamb was
the son of a butler; Cardinal Wolsey
was the son of a butcher; Sugden, a fa
mous English jurist, was the son of a
barber; Keats was the son of a livery
stable-keeper; Pope Sixtus V was the
son of a swineherd. The list Is capable
of large expansion. In our own coun
try, Hawthorne, our finest, most origi
nal literary artist, was descended on
.his father's side from sailor stock. His
grandfather was a sea captain, who put
down a mutiny at sea by his personal
strength and courage. Hawthorne was
a shy, silent, refined man, a dreamer,
and yet he came of a race of doers.
The famous artist Whistler, a man of
very rare genius, conceded to be the
finest etcher in Europe, was an Amerl
can born and bred, and was educated
at West Point Military Academy. His
ancestors on his father's side were all
soldiers. The founder of the family.
John Whistler, was born In Ireland In
1756, and served In Burgoyne's army
After the Revolution he eloped with the
daughter of Sir Edward Bishop to the
United States, enlisted In the American
Army and was wounded In the cam
paign of 1791 against the Indians of
Northwest Territory. His son William
was an Army officer In the War of
1812-14. William's son, Colonel J. G. N,
Whistler, was a graduate of West Point
served In Mexico and the Civil War.
Another son of William Whistler of
1812-14 fame, G. W. Whistler,
graduate of West Point, was a famous
civil and military engineer and a pro
fessor at West Point. G. W. Whistler
was the father of the artist Whistler,
who was educated at West Point, but
owing to some eccentricity of conduct
did not graduate. Edgar A Poe left
West Point and grasped fame, and so
did Matt Carpenter, the great lawyer of-
Wisconsin, andVhistler dies possessed
of a fame that would not have been his
had he stuck to the profession of arms
It is hard to And any trace of fine poetic
Imagination and introspective thinking
in Hawthorne s sailor progenitors, and
it is quite as hard to find any trace of
rare genius for art In the soldier an
cestors of the famous artist Whistler.
Between 191 and 1834 four of the
Whistler family were officers' In the
American Army. The fifth, after com
mencing the study of the military pro
fession and nearly finishing his course,
suddenly concluded to study art and
rose rapidly to distinction. While"
artists do not agree to many of his
theories concerning art, all concede that
he was an artist of rare and original
genius. Where shall we look for the -art
strain In the military progenitors of this
remarkable man? The question cannot
be answered anymore than you can ac
count for aSTy other man of genius by
his forbears. Very mediocre and ob
scure persons sometimes are the pa
rents of famous children, and as a rule
men and women, of genius seldom have
children that rise above mediocrity.
Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes said that
you would need to know all about both
sides of the family for at least 500 years
to explain anybody whose fame or the
lack of fame was worthy of reflection.
PASSING OP THE STEAMBOAT.
The-closing of the career of the old
steamer North Pacific, as" told in yes
terday's telegraph news, will seem to
many of the old-timers at Portland, as
well as at Puget Sound, like the. sever
ing of a link which bound the past to
the present Steamboats no longer play
the Important part that was once theirs
In the development of the country.
Railroads and electric lines have driven
them from the best routes, and the
public no longer feels the Interest in
them that was shown when they were
almost the sole means of communica
tion. The North Pacific was designed
by the late John Gates, of this city, a
man who won lasting fame by his many
steamboat Inventions and appliances.
The steamer was built in San Fran
cisco, and when she entered Puget
Sound enjoyed the distinction of being
the finest craft that had ever floated
on those waters. Her coming on Puget
Sound at a time when the ancient Eliza
Anderson was the best boat plying the
Inland sea was proportionately of much
greater importance than the advent of
the palatial Alaskan - and Olympian,
which the O. R. Sc. N. Co: brought out
from the East for the Puget Sound
trade a dozen years later.
It has been twenty years since these
fine side-wheelers reached the Pacific
Coast, and although one of them was
lost off Cape Blanco fourteen years ago.
the other Is. still lying idle in this city.
and the old North Pacific, in spite of
her age, has handled more business
since their arrival than has been han
dled by both of the big boats. Never
theless, the old craft's time had come.
When .the spat of her paddles In the
water and the rumble of her old walk
ing beam was first heard In the Cities
of Seattle and Tacoma she was a first
class steamer In ports too Insignificant
to have a class. When she steamed out
of those ports on her farewell trip last
week she was an ancient relic of a by
gone era, and the ports which first knew
her were splendid cities whose growth
has bordered on the marvelous.
The North Pacific outlived her useful
ness. The demands or advancing civi
lization called for faster and more eco
nomically operated boats, but her pass
lng as distinctively marks an era In the
commercial development of the Pacific
Northwest as was marked by the aban
donment of the emigrant wagon or the
pony express. Steamboat traffic will
continue to grow on Puget Sound and
the Columbia River. In time these
waters will float the finest Inland steam
ers In the world, but never again will
the steamboat be so prominent a factor
In business life of the cities and towns
along these waters. And yet the exit of
these old-timers cannot but cause a
pang of regret among other old-timers
who trod their decks "before the rail
road came." The North Pacific's career
extended over nearly a third of a cen
tury, a period which has probably wit
nessed greater changes than will ever
be recorded in a corresponding period
in the future for the Pacific Northwest.
Like the Lot Whitcomb, John H.
Couch, Multnomah and other pioneer
craft on the Columbia River, the North
Pacific will linger in the minds of the
pioneers of Seattle and Tacoma as a
very Important factor In the early com
mercial life of those cities. The genera
tion now reaching maturity. If they re-.
member her at all, will recall her only
as a "slow old tub of a steamboat"-
SCARCITY OF DWELLINGS.
In last Sunday's issue of The Orego-
nlan many persons advertised for houses
to rent. If the announcements were
made In September, when many families
move to Portland from the country to
get the benefit of the public schools, the
demand would be natural, but In dog
days," when "everybody Is out of town,"
this search for houses. Is significant.
Evidently these advertisers sought real
estate offices and tramped the streets
for "To Let" signs in vain. The. same
paper contains the previous day's rec
ord of building permits Issued for
twenty-one dwellings. With reversed
conditions of supply and demand It Is
pertinent, to Inquire whether Portland
has enough houses to meet present re
quirements. Of course, we all know the effect of
the painters' and the carpenters' strike
early In the season. Not one of the
hundreds who had bought lqts and
saved mortey for homes would under
take to build In the face of the uncer
tainty, and the several big concerns
which construct homes and sell them
on the installment plan called a halt
Today building operations are not more
forward than they would have been
the middle of May, if labor disturbances
had not occurred, and yet when every
house now building Is occupied, there
Is certain to be as strong a demand for
homes as ever. Let 1000 dwellings, to
cost between $1000 and $2500, convenient
to any car line, be started today, and
they will find prompt-paying tenants
before they are ready for occupancy.
One fact seems to have been over
looked by some men with means who
own vacant lots and have or can com
mand capital. Portland since 1897 has
been growing at the rate of 5000 people
a year. About 1000 dwellings are need
ed to house that number, making due
allowance for families of two and three,
and for the percentage who seek hotels.
boarding-houses and fight hmsekeeping
rooms. No landlord finds ground for
dissatisfaction over his income from
rents; still, while there has been much
building, the supply of attractive homes
is not equal to the normal demand.
Occasionally you hear "knockers
say: "But wait till the Lewis and
Clark Fair Is over, and then count the
empty houses." Who Is building houses
for the Lewis and Clark Fair? Every
brick now laid and every shingle put on
is In answer to genuine demand from
business and - professional men and
wage-earners of both sexes who have
steady employment and comfortable In
comes. A year from now there will be
a thousand more looking for homes; not
transients who may be attracted by the
Centennial, but permanent residents
Every section of country tributary to
Portland is prosperous; so also the
commercial, marine and manufactur
ing Interests. Nothing can stop Port
land's growth. The growth, may be
slow, but the town won't stand still
Enough houses for 110,000 population
are not enough for 115,000. Portland
needs more dwellings.
The widespread, activity and contin
ued profitableness of business is shown
in no other line more strongly than in
the Increase in railroad building, equip
ment and earnings. The United States
Steel Corporation is spending millions
n dollars In preparation for an In
creased demand upon its capacity, while.
working! Its enormous plants night and
day to' supply the present demand.
Trade reports on commercial conditions
at the close of the fiscal year show that
merchandizing kept pace with industrial
activities, the cleaning up ' of stocks
being exceedingly gratifying. No Im
pairment of the purchasing power of
the people Is indicated, but the contrary
Is fully established by the last fact
cited. The adjustment of labor differ
ences on a reasonable basis, with some
assurance of permanency, is all that Is
needed to complete a record of pros
perity for the current year that is phe
nomenal. THE LAST OF EARTH.
The last effort of Nature to maintain
life in a human frame worn out with
the attrition of the years or enfeebled
by disease is under all circumstances a
thing painful to behold. An utterly
hopeless warfare against Its own inex
orable decree is the contest which "by
reason of strength" is kept up In some
cases by Nature for hours, and even
days, before the physical forces suc
cumb and the thing we call life Is per
mitted to seek new environment. The
struggle Is pitiful enough when Its de
tails are confined to the chamber of
the dying over which love keeps tender
guard. But when the whole world is
In waiting, and, listening, hears every
gasp for breath, every half-uttered
word of mental wandering, every
broken exclamation of pain or fare
well, and when to all of this Is added
In grewsome detail a description of the
withered, cringing form and ghastly
visage of the dying man who parts so
hardly with his breath, the tension be
comes so great that horror may be said
to stand on tiptoe waiting for the end.
It Is thus that for many days the
world waited in the chamber of the
dying pope his long-deferred release
from suffering, and thus that the end
having come, his faithful adherents
find relief -from the long strain that his
illness has Imposed In expressions of
grief the keynote of which Is thank
fulness that It Is finished.
Eulogy has for many days past dealt
generously with the name of Pope Leo
XIII. None has been so poor In appre
ciation as to speak of him without the
reverence that Is the Just tribute of
honored age. All of his life a student,
he was a learned man. For many years
the head of the Church of Rome, his
word was law, and his law was un
questioned by Its millions of communi
cants. A statesman of acumen and a
man of .peace, yet withal his na
ture was kindly, sympathetic and gen
erous. With his dogmas the great
world outside of the Catholic Church
had nothing in common, nothing to do;
but he lived in an era of enlightenment
and toleration which would have been
impossible of Innocent HI, who was
equally learned and of a like devout na
During his late Illness, a remarkable
feature of which was the ascendency ot
his powerful will over age. physical
weakness and pain, the Interest of the
entire civilized world has been centered
upon him not in thq hope of his re
covery, for that from the first was con
sidered practically Impossible, but upon
the closing event which occurred at an
early hour yesterday morning. Rever
ently, because of his great age and his
exemplary life, the world of humanity
stands by the bier, of Leo XIII; sorrow
ing as for a personal loss, each Individ
ual of the Catholic Church weeps for
him. History but repeats Itself In his
death, and no new chord of human
sympathy or experience Is touched by
It It is simply the last bf earth for a
man who served according to his light
in an ecclesiastical sense his day and
Facsimiles of The Oregonian's an
nouncement of the death of Pope Plus
IX are printed In today's Issue. The
contrast between those meager reports
and the hundreds of columns that have
been printed concerning Leo Is most
striking and significant Then there
was no previous discussion of the pope's
Illness; only a brief Item that he was
sick, then the news of his death, then
the announcement of his succession. It
is not that there was less interest in the
subject than now. The contrast shows
the enormous gains made In newspaper
facilities in twenty-five years and the
difference In newspaper work then and
The statement that an American girl,
the daughter of a missionary, has be
come Empress of Corea, having first
been for some years an Inmate of the
Imperial harem and borne a son to the
Emperor, Is not calculated to shed lus
ter either upon the American name or
the missionary cause. Neither is It at
all flattering to our National vanity
that the son of thi3 American girl has
been proclaimed heir-apparent to the
throne of Corea. The story of Empress
Om is an unsavory one, and it is a pity
that It eVer leaked-out
Mr. Bryan declares tliat the Cleve
land boom, as It now stands. Is a com
edy, but If It should succeed It would
be a tragedy. As observed by the
Pittsburg Chronicle, "Mr. Bryan has
figured often enough In comedies and
tragedies to know these things when
he sees them." He has survived a sue
cession of them. There Is reason to
hope that Mr. Cleveland will possess
equal vitality, especially as he is sav
ing his breath for the time when he will
need It, while Mr. Bryan persists in
The pope lived In good health a life
of hard mental work and responsibility
until he was 93 years and 4 months old.
During his whole life he obeyed the
laws of health in his temperance In food
and drink; his dally exercise did not go
beyond a walk In his garden and an oc
caslonal carriage ride. Systematic arti
ficial athletics to acquire superior mus
cular development do not seem nec
essary to obtain, length of days on the
part of men who practice plain living
and high thinking.
The new Assistant Secretary of War,
General Robert Shaw Oliver, began his
military career as Second Lieutenant of
the Fifth Massachusetts Volunteer Cav
airy In September, 1SG4. This was the
colored regiment that under Colonel
Henry S. Russell served In the Twenty-
fifth Army Corps of the James.
No Portlander can truthfully say that
he has lacked the opportunity the past
week to express an opinion of the po
Aldrlch Is the father-in-law of John
D. Rockefeller. A fitting man for Vice
President, truly, If Hanna Is to run the
Senator Aldrlch, of Rhode Island, for
Vice-President? In selecting a man
can't TomPlatt look west of the Alle-
WHAT THEY THINK OF US.
Portland says that she Is on good ,terms
with the rest -of the' Btate now. So nice
. Rejoicing; Also In "Washington.
Forest Grove Times.
Portland has now passed to the front
and become the greatest lumber export
ing port in the world. As the business Is
constantly growing and the supply prac
tically unlimited, the pre-eminence of our
Oregon metropolis is assured for many
years, and we can all rejoice In her pros
perity. Anil Still Another.
The OregonJan seems to be up a stump
for a railroad running into Central Ore
gon, since the Harriman deal Is off. There
is a survey across the mountains Just
east of Springfield, which. If a road is
ever built will tap the very country The
Oregonian wants. What's the matter
with agitating this route?
Staid Old Tacoma la Scandalised.
Portland ought to organize a vigilance
committee to deal with the highwaymen
and burglars with which the city is- in
fested. A few hangings of murderous
highwaymen would possibly serve as a
deterrent to that species of crime, which
is altogether too rampant at present in all
the cities of the Pacific Northwest.
A Worthy Roast.
Portland has the proud ulstinction of
leading the world In the exportation of
lumber during the past six months. The
boast is a worthy one. The lumber Indus
try In Oregon has hardly started develop
ment millions of feet standing untouched.
Portland Is destined to be likewise hon
ored frequently during the next few
Even With an Annual Fasti.
The Guard would warn Eugene inhab
itants against a town down the Valley
known as Portland It has become unsafe
to visit the city. Thugs, murderers, rob
bers and gambling sharks infest the city.
The city detectives and police department
seem unable to act Do your shopping
In Eugene. In all earnestness Portland
will have to stop these things or her rep
utation will spoil the Lewis and Clark
Hnrrlmnn anil III Thinking? Cap,
Klamath Falls Express.
Again there is report that Harriman will
construct a railroad to Central Oregon. To
do so is not at all to his likinsr with the
.Columbia waterway for a starting point
but the determination of Portland to head
off the Inroad of some other line tending
towards San Francisco has evidently got
ten Mr. Harriman into serious thought
which will likely result in railroad build
ing that will ultimately divert the whole
of the trade of the Oregon country east
of the Cascades to Portland.
Not Wholly Complimentary.
Portland's policy is a narrow one. As A
B. Hammond's famous Interview said in
substance, she Is a hog and a fool. She
wants to hog every enterprise and Is a
fool for so doing. If she would encour
age industries and development In her ter
ritory, whereby the interior would'be built
up In population and wealth, her great
jobbing interests would prosper. Her com
mercial supremacy would be assured. Her
wealth and population would be increased.
Her natural destiny would be fulfilled.
You Do Us Proud, Itelghbor.
The Oregonian for a week or more past
has almost daily contained articles urging
tne building of the Columbia Southern
railroad Into this town. Now, once for all.
we wish to say that The Oregonian In Its
attitude towards this section of the state
has shown more advanced ideas and a
keener appreciation of the future of this
vicinity than all other business concerns
In the city of Portland combined. It has
sought eagerly for every Item of. news
concerning the extension of a railroad Into
this country. ,
Slow, Says Crook County.
A city's slowness -was never shown to a
better advantage than Is Portland's In this
Central Oregon railroad question. A vast
undeveloped region that- will some day
build a city, or possibly cities that will
vie with the present Portland In Impor
tance, Is retarded In Its development, sim
ply because the leading men of its natural
outlet, Portland, fall to show enough con
certed action to attract capital to our sec
tion. Show us another section of liko size
and Importance of resources that has lain
so long with no more development than
wo have had. We doubt if It can be done.
May Come From Any Direction.
We need a railroad. If Portland will not
throw out this life line a life line quite as
much for Portland as for Central Oregon
we will accept the railroad from any di
rection It may come. The railroad Is
more Important than is the direction of
its approach. For many reasons we would
prefer the extension of the Columbia
Southern. Next in preference would be the
Corvallis &. Eastern. But If we cannot get
either of those let a lino come In from
Ontario or Reno or any other old place.
Evidence of the fact that Portland Is
about past the stage of mumbling polite
phrases to Mr. Harriman and Is approach
ing the stage of action is supplied by the
Oregonian. There is, of course, no ques
tion as to the substantial profit of the en
terprise. If Portland will build the rail
road Central Oregon will do the rest.
Parent on the Altar.
Blue Mountain American.
Co-operation of the entire state Is urged
by the Lewis and Clark Fair Commission.
Residents of different sections are re
minded that the name of Oregon 13 in
volved, the parent Is on the altar, and all
the filial Impulses of man are appealed to
insupport of the enterprise inaugurated
by" Portland, but now gently placed upon
the shoulders of the state and Northwest
We will assist, co-operate. Sumpter Is not
lacking in public spirit. We do this to
avoid being as narrow and mean as Port
land and the Weetern Cascade farmer.
Sumpter has always been opposed in
whatever contention arose hero for min
ing Interests, by the people of Portland
and the Western Cascades. Whether for
forest reserve secluding mineral lands,
matters of tracis or Eddy laws avowedly
hurled at mining, the most implacable
enemy of this district has been Portland
and the Willamette farmer. So proverbial
has this position become that Sumpter
docs not regard herself In Oregon, save
when the state needs help. Then Sumpter
Is remembered, and Sumpter will respond
again, as usual.
Her Way In TncIclIngT Stairs.
St Paul Globe.
F. Norton Goddard, the watch-dog after
New iprK's policy evil, told, at a recent
dinner given in his honor at. the Savoy
Hotel, an odd story of a maid servant
"This maid," he said, "had just come
over from the old country, and she was
very green, jveryinmg sne am .pro
claimed her greenness. One of her habits
was always to come down stairs back
"I assure you It was a funny slcht to
see herNlcsccndlng a staircase slowly In
that way. Her hand grasped the balus
trade for safety, and every little while
she looked around to see how much far
ther she had to go.
" "Why do you- come down stairs back
wards, Kathleen?' someone asked her.
" 'Shure, sir,' she answered, 'that's the
way wo always came down stairs in the'
ship comln over. Isn't It the fashion In
THE ANTIDOTE TO MOSQUITOES.
New York Sun.
Child of the rains and the sun, the mos
quito sings her war cry louder than ever
and slays her tens of thousands. The
Chief Bughunter of New Jersey, the In
trepid man of science who was going to
eliminate this minstrel of the Summer,
has been pursued by her with a violence
that shows her sense of humor. His
home Is surrounded by detachments of
mosquitoes, who are sharpening their en
sanguined proboscides and sternly yelling.
"He counts not well who leaves us out."
Jerseymen recall the fate of Bishop Hatto
In the Mouse Tower and shudder. '
All the Oranges are besieged all day and
night by the main army. The ladles of
Montclalr, a commissary station on the
Mosquito route, are going about with Joss
sticks on their heads. Alas for those
lovely censers! The Jersey mosquito
dotes on smoke, and Is accustomed from
Infancy to all odors and malodors.
In Bayonne the culex crurlvelllcans, or
Leg-Pulling Mosquito, Is doing dreadful
execution. A genius of a bird. If we
were Jbuddhlsts we snouia Deueve mat
this was an Eastern reincarnation or
emanation of that mighty milker of pluto
crats. Dr. William Ralncy Harper, of
In short the great campaign against
this favorite singing bird has miscarried
absolutely. Thero are more Jersey can
aries. Long Island nightingales, and
Stiten Island larks than over. The kero
sene In the pool3 has killed some cows
and saddened some milk, but the Mos
quito is louder, deadlier, more strenuous
than ever before.
But there is balm for the victims. Why
rage and curse at these little pets?
When Boston people are on the edge of
sunstroke, they repeat this noble editorial
poem from their Transcript:
Forget self and solf-sufferlng In meditation
upon the mysterious chemistry of Nature,
which, by the utilization or caloric, trans
forms a little, yellow, uninteresting-, horny
kernel into a tiny stalk that grows llko the
fabulous vino ot Jack ot the Beanstalk, that
bedecks Itself with lance-llke leaves and wltn
glossy silken tassels, and which suddenly holds
out with Its many hands food for the multi
tude, scones of milky sweetness In their ado
lescent days and arsenals of practical prov
ender In their maturity.
So, when the Orange thrush Jabs you,
think how the corn Is growing. As the
lance punctuates you, console yourself
with visions of lance-llke leaves and
glossy silken tassels In the Corn Belt As
the mosquitoes charge with all their
dlvlltry and close your other eye. hold in
the hand of fancy asconc of milky sweet
ness. What says Omar?
For this same Heat that makes the Skeeter
Is Stalks and Inches to the Western Corn.
Let us meditate upon the mysterious
chemistry of Nature.
A "Haa-Bcen" Seed Xot Starve.
The sitting-rooms of the lodging-houses
from the time of opening to the time of
closing are never vacant. Shortly after
they are opened, the wanderers of the
night creep In to take stolen naps. They
are a pitiful crew the "banner carriers."
Night after night, at the closing hour of
the sitting-rooms, this troop of sorry
shadows steps into the street to wear
away long hours In the silence of their
undying memories. Some of these men sit
in the sheltering room all day after the
weary travel of the "flight before. I have
known men who had not slept In a bed
for a week. They are the "has-beens."
who have stepped down from the "com-
iorts 01 tneir own wunu 111 w mai uc
plorable condition In which men merely
wait around to die.
They start uptown, downtown, cross
town who cares where so long as time
Is killed, until the morning hour. Some
walk in couples, others walk alone, with
naucrht for company excepting their
past. Stops are made here and there, for
even at night charitable people are not
entirely unmindful of these uniting oe-
lngs. Thousands of loaves of bread are
dispensed after the sun has folded .hl3
golden wlng3 by several large bakeries,
and even coffee or some other warming
drink Is given. By night or by day, a
"has-been" need not starve,, out it is
claimed by some that that Is one of the
reasons for his being a "has-been. He
knows that he can always find fooa
somewhere and snatch a bit or sleep
now and then, but the one unfailing con
dition that brings a man to his senses is
hunger. It can bridge the awful chasm
between desperation and chance with
more precision than anything else I know
of, for it clings to one more Inexorably
than the gadfly clung to 10.
Cleveland the Best Man.
Many Democrats believe that the ex-
Presldent Is the most eminent of living
American statesmen, and would be by
all odds the strongest possible standard
bearer for the Democrats next year, and
In reality the only one who could beat Mr.
Roosevelt at the polls. It Is preposterous
to contend that Cleveland is unavailable
because Bryan Is, and for good reaspns.
Mr. Bryan has run ror tne presmency on
two successive occasions upon platforms
of his own preference, and both times he
was overwhelmingly defeated, the latter
time worse than the first, both at the poll3
and in the electoral college. His utter
unavailability has been abundantly prov
en by two crucial tests and even his own
state has relapsed into tne itepuDiican
Mri Cleveland, on the contrary, was
elected twice out of three times and when
defeated had a plurality; of the popular
vote. As a running record, this stanun
unprecedented, and It Is true, we think,
that Mr. Cleveland was never more popu-
lar with the American people than he Is
today. A Bryanite defection would not
be likely to militate much against him,
excepting In the hopelessly Republican
states, where it would not affect the gen
Again, Mr. Cleveland Is the only Demo
cratic President who has been elected and
seated for more than 40 years. Only a
few old men of the party remember any
other Democratic President. However,
nothing is plainer than that the Demo
crats cannot win next year unless they
put a strong and conservative man upon
a strong and conservative platform. And
this will be done If wisdom shall dominate
The Prayer of the Prcdaceou.
Now this is the prayer of the Bull and Bear
At the shrine of the God ot Gold.
"Where the shadow cast by a Christian splro
And the westering sun's effulgent fire
Down a narrow street unrolled:
"O Ixrd of the Merger and Trust and Pool,
Of Gammon and Greed and Sham!
Man cannot live by bread alone.'
So give ua our dally lamb.
ye need his fleece to keep us warm.
His fat when the nights are cool;
And. after all. he's an only child ' .
And twin brother to a fool.
"We won't do a thing to the fresh young sheep
But teach him to sambol and play;
"We'll feed him on only the best of 'shorts'
And beautiful 'lone baled hay.
"He shall not suffer the pangs of thirst.
This woolly stray from the flock,
For Innocence we love and. prize.
And always water our stock.
"The lion lies down with the lamb (Inside).
So why not the Bull and Bear?
"We will show him 'cover,' we'll take him In.
We've plenty of room to spare.
"His mint sauce let him bring with him.
The 'long green' that's nice with game.
And he shall Join our Browntnc Club
And learn what is in a name.
"Then, 'let us return to our mutton';
With current funds (which is Jam)
He shall have a plunge in our deepest pool.
And come out a steel spring lamb.
"O Slightly Alloyed Auriferous God.
Hear thy bumble beasts who prey!
The Knights of the, Golden Fleece are w
And we worship thee night and day."
. NOTE AND COMMENT..
The voting machine people are bank
rupt, and there will be lots of people to
say that It's a Judgment
'in view of the increasing number of
sheepmen, It is not Impossible that the
Wyoming cattlemen will offer a bounty
for their heads.
Yet another death in a bathtub. This
time it is a professor from the Univer
sity of Wisconsin. Soon- the bath will
rival the bed as the most deadly of all
Little Interest Is aroused In Chicago
by the announcement of a gigantic' plan
to build tunnels for the distribution of
goods throughout the city. In Chicago
they, are so accustomed to underground
ways of distributing the goods.
"The rummage sale," says Dr. Matthews
at the Chautaqua, "Is the last thing that
the devil invented." The truth of thi3
statement will be conceded by any woman
that has ever exchanged something she
didn't want for something that another
woman didn't want
It does seem as though a recent speaker
was right It was wrong, he decared,
for Christians to turn the church into
an Ice-cream parlor. It is evident that
their efforts would be far more appre
ciated were they to effect such a change
in a certain other locality.
The forbearance of some highwaymen
is really surprising. Here we have a
knight of the road that condescended to
hold up a man at Oregon City. No money
had the man, no watch, nothing. He had
no real excuse for being on the road at all,
taking up the time of busy men. And
then he had the audacity to offer his
superior a share In the "remains of his
lunch." Remains of his lunch. Indeed.
Lucky he was not converted Into re
mains himself. As It was, the highway
gentleman promptly kicked the ill-man
nered churl, and It Is to be hopecL-that
he kicked him soundly, for such a person
deserves nothing better than to be shot.
It will be a lesson to Oregon City people
to carry two. lunch baskets after this.
Remains of a lunch, indeed.
His Proper Place.
"How did' you leave the world?" asked
satan of the latest arrival.
"Well, you see, I was out In a boat, and
I thought I'd give the girls a scare, so
I started to rock ".
"Oft with him to the superheated
A Fool's Epitaph.
Up at Everett a man took two girls
out in a boat. The boat capsized, and
all three were drowned. It is thought
that he was not an expert sailor, as
when the boat was picked up the sheet
was found to be lashed. There could be
no better epitaph for a fool than this:
He lashed the sheet
. An Ininlnnry Interview.
,rWhat thinlyou of police affairs.
How go they on the present plan?
The Chief, how is he at his job?"
"He surely Is an honest man."
"The town seems very full of crooks.
Since he his easy rule began.
Don't training and experience count?'
"Hunt Is, I'm sure, an honest man."
"If burglars, hold-up men and thieves
Pay Jto attention to his ban.
Would you appoint another Chief?"
"It's known that Hunt's an honest
"Would you fire Hunt if you were robbed
And saw go free the robbers' clan?"
'I might feel sore, but. then. I'd think.
Well, Hunt Is sure an honest man."
The Lover's Guide.
In deep anxiety, a youth writes to the
Philadelphia Bulletin. It seems In a
recent letter from his best gird was In
closed a bunch of sweet peas, and just
what this might mean he was at a loss
to know. The wise and. kindly monitor
of the Bulletin, by some occult reason
ing, concludes the girl likes the writer
as a mend, dui not as a lover.
For the benefit of any Portland lads
that may find things In their love let
ters, the following carefully compiled
list of possible Inclosure and their mean
ings Is given:
A forget-me-not Tou missed one evening last
A fish Can I believe you?
A piece of soap You should not come straight
trom the machine-shop.
A crushed strawberry You have made a
An automobile Please go 'way and commit
A boiler plate Paw has bought new shoes.
A porterhouse steak Tho bulldog Is un
A wisp of hay You're an ass.
A fried egg Isn't your tootsle-wootsle a
good Mckle cookie? (It Is up to you to make
good on receipt of this message.)
If nothing is enclosed, beware. The letter
must he from paw or maw; for no true girl
could mall a letter without some sort of en
closure. Philadelphia's Ignominy.
Governor Pcnnypacker recently re
viewed the Pennsylvania state troops
from the secure seclusion of a wagon.
This is the first time on record that tho
reviewing officer has not been mounted
upon a prancing charger, and the change
disgusted the militia.
The bugles cry, the colors fly.
And Pennsylvania's pride step out;
Their hearts are high, 'tis do or die.
As rings the grandstand's swelling
Bright shines the sun, and every one
Feels martial ardor thrill his blood;
There Is no foe, but well they know
That should there be his name were
They reach the spot well, I'll be shot.
Each reels as though ho had a jag. on;
No fiery steed wheels on the mead.
Their chief Is riding in a wagon!
Hrheir stride abates, oh curse the fates
That led gay soldiers such a Jig!
Cheer a commander looks a gander.
With neck protruding from a rig!
Not riding any Is noble Penny,
He's wiser from a recent fall;
The press It bucked, and he was chucked.
So now he doesn't rldo at all.
PLEASANTRIES OF PARAGRAPHERS ;
Kitty Constance says she can't understand
what you could see In Charley Hcartwell.
Bertha Natunlly. I suppose you know that
Constance has been fishing for Charley the
last two years? Boston Transcript.
Knovlskl There goes a conscientious man.
If thero ever was one. Askovlch How did you
get next? Knovlskl He's a dentist, and the
other day when he pulled out the wrong tooth
for me be didn't ctarge anything for It. Chi
cago Dally News.
She Mrs. Boreton called today, and I thought
she'd never go. He But you are so amiable.
I suppose you never gave har tho slightest
hint that you wanted her to go. She Indeed,
I did not. If I had, she'd be here now. Town
Housekeeper I'll give you a good meal If
you'll light the fire in the stove for me.
Weary Willie All right, lady. Housekeeper
Very well. Here's a hatchet. Just chop some
of that wood out there . Weary Willie
Oh. see nere. lady. I thought It was a gas
stove you had! Good day! Philadelphia Press.
-.f. Mt .a