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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. XLIIL NO. 13,295.
PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNE SD AY, JULY 22, 1903.
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CLOUDBURST IN ARIZONA
Cannes Flood In. Vicinity of Prescott
bnt X0 L088 of Life.
PRESCOTT. Ariz., July 2L A storm
which occurred late this afternoon as
sumed the proportions of a cloudburst
west of Prescott causing Immense floods
In Granite and Miller creeks. The two
streams unite at the southern edge of the
city. The property loss along the creeks
is heavy, but no lives- were lost. Hail
fell to the depth of several Inches on
the Sierra Prleta Mountains, 'west of Pres
cott The storm was accompanied by
the heaviest thunder and most vivid light
ning seen here this season.
Prince and Princess Not Invited.
OYSTER' BAT, July 2L The reported
Imitation to the Prince and Princess of
"Wales to visit this country and to be the
guests of the President, It can be said, is
without foundation in fact. It Is said to
be quite unlikely that any such visit, is
in contemplation by the Prince and
Princess of "Wales.
XX. Xc TO . &PlSlPriJlM
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when the rooms are cov
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Carpets and Rugs
EXCLUSIVE CARPET HOUSE
SO-SS THIRD STREET "
Opposite CIi amber of Cmwrco
GREEN RIVER HOT SPRINGS
The Health Resort of the West
correctly andpromptly filled.
Cor. Tliird and WasMnston Sts.
NATIONAL PURE FOOD LAW
Need of It Declared by Lrivr to Food
ST. PAUL-, July aThe convention of
the National Association of -Dairy and
Food Commissioners convened here to
day. President J. W. BaileyU-of Oregon,
presiding. President Bailey said:
"A National pure food bill must be pre
pared by the Commissioners; those which
have been introduced in Congress having
failed." It was very important, -he said,
to have a uniform law for all states. At
the present time manufacturers make one
brand of goods for a state where the laws
are las, a better brand for states which
are more strict
Jadsment Asralnat Watson.
WASHINGTON, July 2L The petition
of the Commissioners of the District of
Columbia for judgment in the suit insti
tuted to recover $10,IS3 from James M. A.
Watson, Jr.. an ex-clerk, was -granted
by the 'District Supreme Court today.
Watson Js now In Jail on the charge of
embezzlement of- $73,000 from the District
1P1N IS SN
Politicians Busy Around
GOTTFS RECORD ATTACKED
His Brother Said to-Be a Con
KAISER WANTS HIM CHOSEN
He and Rampolla Combine Forces
Svampa Opposed Because He
Rides an Auto Ambassadors
Make an Active Canvass.
The conclave of cardinals wilt meet
about August 1 to elect a new pope.
A vigorous campaign Is being made
by the adherents of the various candi
dates, these including the foreign am
bassadors to the Vatican.
- Kaiser William Is supporting Cardinal
Gotti In the hspethat he will give the
triple alliance a protectorate over the
Gotti has been made the subjectof
attack on the ground that hts brother
Is an ex-convict.
Svampa is supported by those who
desire & short-lived pope, but is op
posed because he rides in an automo
bile. Archbishop Merry del Val,- whose
mother Is English, has been elected
ecretary of the conclave.
(Copyright, 1003, by.W. R. Hearst By Mar
quis de Castellans.)
ROME, July 2L The conclave of cardi
nals to elect the successor of Pope Leo
XIII will meet about August 1. Cardinal
Oreglla, who has taken the reins of pon
tifical power. Is taking active charge of
the details. The campaign for the succes
sion is proceeding vigorously. The cardi
nals, of course, are not taking an open
parti 'and deplore the anvasslng at this
time, but their adherents are very active.
The opponents of Gottl's candidature, in
an effort to defeat the man favored by the
triple alliance, are circulating a little
credited, story that Gottl's brother has
been In prison in Genoa for the past five
years for wounding a man with' intent to
commit robbery and murder.
Interested agents are actively engaged
in looking into the records of the various
candidates for the papacy, just as is done
in political campaigns In France and the
Kaiser Is For GbttL
The Kaiser is reported to be furious at
the efforts to defeat Gotti, because he
hopes to obtain a protectorate over the
Christians in the Orient for the triple al
liance In case of that cardinal's election.
Baron von Rotenhelm, the German Am
bassador to the Vatican, has used every
Influence to prevent the publication of the
rumor about Gottl's brother.
Foreign observers In. Rome are unable
to understand how the career of any rela
tive of Gotti or the fact that Gotti comes
of a humble family can be twisted Into
Insuperable obstacles to the cardinal's
election, although it is a fact that none
but cardinals of noble Italian families
have been elected to the papacy in the last
200 years. In many ways the unfair at
tack on Gotti is strengthening his chances.
All the 19 Anbassadors accredited to the
Vatican were busy today in forwarding
the Interests of the various candidates,
and the great religious orders are also
exercising much influence;.
Dcnl Between Gotti and Rampolla.
It Is said the friends of Gotti and Ram
polla have arrived at an understanding by
which the tetter's adherents will vote for
Gotti, In return 'for which, in the event of
his elevation, he make Rampolla the pre
fect of the propaganda.
A curious fact Is that the paralysis from
wblch Cardinal Svampa suffers helps his
candidacy, as most of the members of the
Sacred College are believed to prefer a
short-lived pope. Svampa is a republican
and a federalist. He Is the only cardinal
who uses an automobile. All the older
Italian cardinals, when visiting, drive in
funeral carriages. Sohie of the. venerable
cardinals, as a result, fear that Svampa,
If elected pope, would cease to be a the
oretical prisoner In the Vatican and might
go motoring over Italy. At present
Svampa makes his official and pastoral
visits in an automobile.
v Gibbons "Will Arrive Thursday.
The first outside cardinal to arrive
Rome is Frisco, of Naples, an adhe
of Rampolla. Cardinal Gibbons, who Us
an interesting figure among churchmen at
this time, Is expected to arrive from Paris
The pope being dead, etiquette no longer
prohibits the cardinals from meeting and
discussing the election. The first official
act of the cardinals today -was the ap-
(polntmcnt of Archbishop Merry del Val
to be eecretary of the conclave. This ac
tion Is significant for he is a half-foreigner,
his mother being an Englishwom
an. Monslgnore del Val represented Leo
at Queen Victoria's jubilee.
RAMPOLLA DODGES ISSUE.
Avoids Test Vote on Election, of Sec
retary. to Conclave.
ROME. July 21. Cardinal Oreslia's re
quest to Cardinal Rampolla that the laUj
ter ehould remain at the Vatican is con
sidered a most diplomatic move, ' being
perhaps the first step to an agreement
between them, and might entirely change
all therophesies hitherto made concern
ing the issue of the conclave. Indeed,
some profess, to see a result of this in
this morning's, skirmish at the first meet-
lng of the congregation of cardinals over
the appointment of a secretary of the con
After the discussion of several candi
dates, among whom Mgr. Gaspari was
known to be' Cardinal Rampolla's protege,
some suggested Mgr. Merry del Val. He
was immediately supported by the whole
anti-Rampolla element merely to test
the strength of the ex-secretary of state,
but this strategy was unsuccessful, as
Cardinal Oreglla made it manifest that
he was not personally interested in the
matter, while Cardinal Rampolla swung
his followers to the support of Merry del
Val and thus avoided a measure of his
strength at this juncture.
CONDITIONS ARB CHANGED.
Leo's Reign Has Extinguished Party
Lines Formerly Existing:.
ROME, July 2L According to a state
ment coming from a high ecclesiastic, ar
rangements . at the Vatican are being
pressed forward which will enable the
conclave of cardinals to begin sitting Au
gust 1. However, it is now thought the
sessions may last considerably longer
than at first expected even long enough
to permit Cardinal Moran, of Sydney, N.
S. W., to arrive in time to take part in
An Ambassador accredited to the Vati
can says the question of Pope Leo's suc
cessor is a peculiarly open one at the
present moment The personality of the
candidates plays a much more important
part than in any preceding conclave, since
the conditions prevailing in the past are
now entirely changed. Formerly the sa
cred college was divided Into seven dis
tinct parties. There was, first that com
posed of the cardinals who were members
of the great Roman families, nearly every
ono of whom was represented In the col
lege. These always exerted very power
ful influences in the election of a pope.
At the present time there Is only one
cion of a great Roman house among the
cardinals, namely, Cardinal Battlsta Cas
all del Drago, who, from the standpoint of
the election of a pontiff, Is relatively un
important Then there were parties com
posed of cardinals appointed by the same
pope, who usually ranged themselves into
In addition to the members of the sacred
college appointed by the pope who had
$hen just passed away, there were usually
considerable numbers chosen by his pred
ecessor, and even a few nominated by the
pope preceding him. In consequence of
Leo XIII's long reign, these parties have
entirely disappeared. In the present con
clave there will be only one cardinal. Car
dinal Oreglla, who was not appointed by
Pope Leo, As a result of these changes,
the approaching conclave will be much
more under the Influence of Individual
candidates than in the past rendering It
Impossible to forecast the election wllh
any degree of certainty. It is considered
highly probable that the new pope will
be a man at present not thought of and
not talked about
' The Trlbuna to.day published an Inter
view with Cardinal Svampa, Archbishop
of Bolcgna, who, the paper says, has
quite recovered from his stroke of paraly
sis. The Cardinal 13 quoted as saying:
"I 'believe that the conclave will be
very short as were the last two. At the
utmost I think It may take one week,
as now there do not exist In the sacred
college the marked political differences of
other times; "T.aerefore it will be possible
to arrive' at art understanding more- eas
ily ahd quicker."
FIRST MEETING OF CARDINALS.
Oreglla Makes Temporary Appoint
ment to Succeed Volponi.
ROME, July 2L The government of the
Catholic Church has been officially . as
sumed by Cardinal Oreglla as dean of the
sacred college and as dean of the cardi
nal bishops. He will be assisted by the
deans of the other two orders of cardinals,
Cardinal Macchl, of the cardinal deacons,
and Cardinal Rampolla for the cardinal
priests, the last, however, merely as a
substitute for Cardinal Nettlo, the patri
arch of Lisbon, who, when he arrives, will
take over hl3 own duties.
The cardinals present in Rome met
this morning, under Cardinal Oreglla, in
a preparatory congregation, held in the
(Concluded on Second Page.
C0NTEXTS OF TODAY'S PAPER.
Active campaign on behalf of rival candidates
for pope. Page 1.
Ceremonies in connection with the death of
Pope Leo. Page 1.
Venezuelan rebels driven to their last retreat
after desperate battle at Soledad. Page 2.
Russia withdraws droands on China, but pre
pares for war. Page 5.
King Edward welcomed to Ireland. Page 2.
British government will split on tariff Issue.
Friends of Beavers say Government is afraid
to arrest him; but officials explain. Page 3.
Another bad day on stock: market. Page 13.
Accused murderer escorted-to Jail by military,
who frighten off hostile cattlemen. Page 1.
Elks' convention In Baltimore elects officers.
Indictments for arson and briber' in Breathitt
County, Kentucky. Page 3.
Engineer Hammond reports on the portage
railway survey. Page 4.
Mysterious disease is killing cattle near Mo-
Ialla, in Clackamas County. Page 4.
J. E. Miles, of Colvllle, Wash., accidentally
kills his young wife. Page 4."'
Jiathan Falk, of "Boise", Idaho, taken very ill
while on & vacation trip. Page 4.
Music is & special feature of the successful
Southern Oregon Chautauqua. Page 4.
Commercial and Marine.
Growing hops in this state show improvement
Oregon and Eastern crop reports. Page 13.
Slump In United States Steel stocks at New
Tork. Page 13. ' .
Wheat arm and higher at Chicago. Page 13.
San Francisco produce quotations. Page 13.
German ship Emlle will return with general
cargo. Page 14.
China liner Indrasamha arrives at Astoria.
Shamrock HI again beats Shamrock I. Page
Cup-defender's race spoiled by calm and fog.
Portland Browns rise to fifth place in Pacific
Coast League. Page It
Finals in tennis tournament will be played oft
today. Page 11.
Scores of Pacific National League: Salt Lake
15, San Francisco 7; Seattle S, Tacorsa 4;
Helena 4, Los Angeles 4; no game Spokane
Butte. Page 11.
Scores of Pacific Coast League: Portland 11.
Sacramento 4; Oakland C Seattle 3; no
game SanJFranclsco-Los Angeles. Page It
Portland and Vicinity.
Examination of claims of Indian war vefera.ru
practically completed. Page 10
Coulee Clty-Adrlan branch of Northern Pacific
will be completed August 15. Page 10.
Coroner Flnley criticises laxity of physicians.
who cover up details of violent deaths.
Police search in San Francisco for suspects
in Caiof murder case. Page 12.
Gladdle Dunn, 2 years old, killed by street
car before mother's eyes. Page 14.
Harriman lines will probably tap Central Ore
gon by Oregon sort Lisa branch. Page 8.
Silence of Mourning in
x Holy City.
CEREMONIES AT VATICAN
Cardinal Oreglia Certifies
That Pope Is Dead.
EMBALMING BODY FOR BURIAL
Bells of Four Hundred Churches Toll
the Funeral Knell Ceremony of
Funeral Will Extend: Over Nine
Days, Ending "With Conclave.
The formal verification of Pope Leo's
death was made yesterday by Cardinal
Oreglla, the cardinal camerlengo.
The body was then embalmed and
prepared for burial.
The funeral ceremonies will extend
through the next nine days, the public
being allowed to view the body in St.
Peter's on Friday.
The tomb where the body will finally
rest In St. Peter's is being prepared.
ROME, July 2t The body of Leo XIII
lies tonight In the hall of the throne-room,
a few steps from the room in which his
death took place. The same vestment
the comauro hood, the rochet and the
white gown which were put on yesterday
cover the form, which rests In semi-state,
surrounded by the lighted candles, the
noble guard and Franciscan penitentiaries.
Tomorrow morning the diplomatic body,
the high dignitaries and the Roman aris
tocracy will enter the hall to pay their
tributes of respect to all that remains of
the pope, who won the respect and affec
tion of the world. In the afternoon the
body will be arrayed in all the glory of
the pontifical robes, the mitre replacing
the hood, and at sunset it will be taken
into' the chapel of the"Sacrament of "St
Peter, where for three days the public
will be given an opportunity of paying a
last farewell. The interment will occur
Embalming the Body,
Today wa3 notable for the Impressive
ceremonial of the recognition of the death
of the pope, which occurred In the morn-"'
ing In the chamber in which he died.
Thereafter only those were admitted who
were concerned .In the embalming of the
body, an operation which occupied six
hours. Meantime the authorities of the
Vatican proceeded with the preparations
for the funeral and the conclave and the
acknowledgement of the condolences that
had- been received. Among the latter was
a notable message from the German Em
peror. Throughout the day the Vatican was
surrounded by crowds, which Increased
toward night Several hundred entered
St Peter's at vespers and joined In pray
ers for the departed. Among these were
many Italian officers, whose troops short
ly after sunset were marched from the
Vatican back to their barracks. At no
time had their services been needed. It
Is not the custom In Italy to wear the
conventional emblems of mourning, and
hence the-crowd which, In consequence of
the closing of many places of business,
wandered the streets tonight had more
the appearance of an aimless holiday
making throng than one sorrowing for the
death of the pope. Into nearly all the
churches, however, hundreds not often
seen in places of devotion flocked to ves
pers to say a hurried prayer. Afterward
they loitered outside, reading the deep,
black-edged proclamations of Cardinal
Resplghl. the vicar of Rome, concerning
the funeral arrangements, the meeting
of the conclave, and the church cere
monials. Four Hundred Bells Toll.
The quiet evening was broken, by a
chorus, such as the world has seldom
heard. On the stroke of eight bells all
of Rome's 4G0 churches commenced to toll
bells for the passing of the soul of Leo
XIII. In from the seven hills and from
every quarter of.the city which contained
churches came the constant clang, until
all was as one vast reverberation. The
harsh Jingle of the smaller chapel bell's
striking quickly and more often was not
drowned by the solemn strokes that came
In mournful measure from the great dome
of St Peter's. It was as If a great fire
raged, and every bell In Romo were vie
lng with every other in anxiety to warn
he populace. Except In this common
motive and common sorrow. It was an
amazing discord, which continued an
hour, and which will recur nightly until
the obsequies arc over.
Soldiers Gnard the Door.
Nowhere about the esplanade was there
the slightest outward sign of mourning,
neither on the church front nor on the
column's of doors of the Vatican. As the
equipages drove up . with distinguished
prelates, the heavy , iron chains continued
to keep back the crowd, leaving a small
aisle for the arriving carriages. Back of
the chains were massed a crowd of curi
ous sightseers. The presence of the Ital
ian soldiery was kept noticeably in the
background. At the foot of the stone
steps stood an officer of Italian Grenadiers
In fatigue uniform and cap, with a small
detachment of troops, so broken Into
squads that they did not have the appear.
ance of being in martial array. "With
them were the Vatican and municipal
soldiers in somber uniforms, with broad
chapeaus, some tipped with little blue
The ponderous bronze doors of the Vati
can were closed, presenting a front which
might have withstood an army. The only
means of ingress was a small opening
which Had been cut through the solid
bronze bas reliefs. Behind this tiny en
trance, only wide enough to admit a single
person, stood a Swiss guard with fixed
bayonet As the cardinals and diplomats
came up, they went to the tiny door,
knocked and were admitted. Outside those
favored few, the exclusion was. absolute.
Leo's Last Resting: Place.
Inside the magnificent church of St
Peter could be heard the sound of the
hammer and chisel already preparing
Leo's temporary tomb. A massive wood
en platform had been rolled Into the
basilica, reaching half way to the celling
to the left of the nave. Around this
rough staging stood a crowd watching
half a dozen workmen preparing the niche
in which, Leo's coffin will soon rest. High
above the niche they had driven into the
solid masonry three enormous steel'hooks
from which the tackle will be operated to
hoist the coffin Into place. The resting
placo for the casket is a marble slab
about 15 feet above the pavement form
ing the upper casement of one of the mas
sive doors. On either side are great mar
ble cuplds, while the light comes dimly
from above through two domes surround
ed by exquisite mosaics, one showing the
apostles and saints and the other an an
Two workmen pounded and called out
their commands In strange contrast with
the solemn surroundings. The interior of
the church was as yet undraped with
mourning. The massive crimson hang
ings had been removed, bringing out the
ghastly whiteness of the marble nave.
Only the usual masses were said during
the morning, as the ceremonials in con
nection with the death of the pope have
yet tobe arranged.
Scene of the Funeral.
"Within the right nave still another
preparation for the pope's obsequies were
going on. This was the preparation of
the chapel of the Holy Sacrament for -receiving
the body after Its removal from
the Vatican. Cardinal Resplghl, the vicar
of Rome, had given orders for these ar
rangements. Although Cardinal Oreglla
has supreme command of the interests of
the church, it is Cardinal Resplghl who
has been given Immediate charge of the
personal affairs relating to the dead pope.
Accordingly the "beautiful chapel was in
vaded by sweepers and cleaners, who
poured buckets of water on the mosaic
pavement and began scouring It.
The front of the chapel Is to be cut off
from the main church by a massive
trestle, through which the faithful can
look upon the altar within. This Is of
solid brass, with heroic brass kneeling
angels. Before the altar Is a very narrow
space, where Leo's coffin will be depos
ited when it comes from the Vatican.
This space Is so small that the foot of
the casket will extend to the Iron trelllsi
The purpose of this arrangement is- to
carry. onttKefs!tSlstt ceremony; bywnlch
the actuo'l loot f the'de-atrT)ontlfl:
extend through the Iron barriers, to per
mit the kneeling faithful to approach and
kiss the last remnant of former papal au
thority through it
DEATH IS ANNOUNCED.
Cardinal Oreslla Formally Verities
Fact of Leo's Demise.
ROME, July 2L This morning began
the first of those grandiose and unique
ceremonies which follow the demise of a
pope, and, although private, it was con
ducted with great pomp and was most
Impressive. All the cardinals present in
Rome, numbering 29, assembled at the
apostolic palace to view the remains of
the late Leo XIII and officially to pro
nounce him dead. Cardinal Oreglla, dean
of the Sacred College and camerlengo of
the Holy Roman Catholic church, had
to put aside his cardinal's robes as a
sign of deep mourning, and was gowned
entirely in violet. The other cardinals
wore crimson robes .with violet collars In
dicative of mourning.
"Within the death chamber the body lay
with a white veil over the face, on ' tho
bed, surrounded by Franciscan peniten
tiaries, while outside the noble guard
maintained a solemn vigil. Tho profound
silence was only broken by the chanting
of prayers for the dead. Into this solemn
presence came the mourning procession
of cardinals, who, kneeling, silently
prayed. Then the prelates reverently
looked on while Cardinal Oreglla ap
proached the remains.
His Face Still Lifelike.
For this morning's function the pope's
bedroom had been transformed Into a kind
of mortuary chapel, with the altar at ono
end, having In the center a crucifix sur
rounded by six lighted candles. Four can
dles stood at the bed corners.
The white veil was then removed from
the dead man's face, revealing the cameo
like features of the departed pope, ren
dered sharper and more, transparent by
death. So lifelike was the body that
those present half expected Leo to raise
his hand In tho familiar gesture of bless
ing. A moment of breathless silence ensued,
and then the cardinal camerlengo, taking
the asphersorlum, sprinkled the late pon
tiff with holy water and said In a firm
voice "Gloachlno' (the Christian name of
the deceased holy father). "When there
was no' answer the same word was re
peated three times, louder and louder,
after which, turning to the kneeling car
dinals, the camrelengo solemnly an
nounced: Formally Declared Dead.
"Papa vere mortus est" (The pope 13
really dead). ,
As the words were uttered there arose
from the kneeling cardinals a sigh, a trib
ute paid to the late pontiff by these
hprincely heads of the church.
After this, in voices trembling with
emotion, the ranking cardinals recited
the "De Profundls," gave absolution and
sprinkled the body with holy water.
Following, the ceremony of the recogni
tion of tho death of the pope by the Sa
cred College came another, shorter, but
no less significant and symbolic On
Leo's finger was the famous fisherman's
ring, which the camerlengo, with a whis
pered prayer, drew gently off, and which
later will be broken In the presence of
the cardinals, reset and presented to the
new pope when he is elected.
The ring Is of very great antiquity. It
Is even said to have belonged to St Peter
himself. It is a stone of little value,
Concluded on Page CO
I Ml E
Army Escorts McLoud
to Basin Jail. -
CATTLEMEN IN AMBUSH
They Retreat When They See
Sheriff Is Ready.
BATTLE SCARCELY AVERTED
Rnnse "War Extends Into Oregon an
Montana Many Sheep Slnugh
tered or Poisoned Forest
Reserves the Cause.
James McLoud. tho accused murderer
of Benjamin Mlnnlck, the sheepman,
was escorted to Jail at Basin, "Wyo.,
yesterday by Sheriff Fenton, 40 militia
men and 50 armed sheepmen.
The cattlemen" had prepared an am
bush for the party, but, oa finding it
ready for them, withdrew and left It
The war In Wyoming Is due to the
restriction of the range by the Inroads
of settlers, and the creation of. foreat
reserves, as In Oregon and other states
In Montana 1200 sheep of one owner
have been poisoned, and near Antelope,
Or.. 20 sheep have been shot down by
BUTTE, Mont, July 21. A special to
theMlner from Cheyenne, "Wyo., says a
bloody battle was. narrowly averted in tha
mountains, six miles north of Thermop
olis, today, when Sheriff Fenton trans
ferred Jim "McLoud. the alleged murderer
of Ben Mlnnlck, from the City JpU at
Thermopolls to the County Jail at Basin
Sheriff Fenton left Thermopolls at 6
o'clock with hig prisoner under escort ot
the Basin Light Artillery of 40 men and 5C
picked deputies. Scouts had been sent out
at sunrise, and they had reported that a
large force of cattlemen and the friends
of McLoud were camped on the trail near
Cottonwood Creek, and, from prepara
tions being made, they Intended to hold
up the Sheriff and his party and deliver
Consequently, when Fenton left Ther
mopolls, he went prepared and expecting
a battle. Scouts rode on ahead, and also
In the rear and on either flank, but. when
the cattlemen saw that the soldiers were
alert for battle, they quietly slipped away
and by making a detour entered Thermop
olls. "With them was Tom O'Day, the no
torious character, who Is alleged to have
been mixed up In the killing of Mlnnlck,
and for whom Sheriff Fenton has a war
rant. McLoud was at once placed In the cell
formerly occupied by "Walters, tho con
demned murderer, who was shot to death
by a mob Sunday morning, and a strong
guard placed about the jail.
HUNDREDS OF SHEEP KILLED.
Poison Scattered 011 Montana Ransca
With Deadly Effect.
BUTTE, Mont., July 21. A Miner special
from Billings says:
"Word comes from Columbus of a heavy
loss sustained a few days ago by a well
known sheopman named Grimes. From
the report It Is learned that some one
scattered poison on the range about 13
miles south of Columbus, where Grimes
sheep were ranging, and the sheep ate ol
it Over 1200 head are known to have
died as. a result, and others were made so
sick that?,'thelr death Is looked for. An
other sheepman Is said to have lost ovez
There Is no. clew to the miscreant
CATTLEMEN CROWDED OCT.
"War is Resnlt of Forest Reserves
and Increase In Small Ranches.
HELENA, Mont, July 21. (Special.)
The range war in Northern "Wyoming is
a natural outgrowth of tho settlement of
the country by small ranchers and the In
clusion of large areas In forest reserves,
both of which tend to crowd tho range
cattlemen and sheepmen to tho wall.
What Is left naturally becomes a matter
of dispute between the latter two. and aa
the cattlemen were there first, they natur
ally look upon the sheepmen as intruders.
The cattlemen are particularly severe
upon the sheepmen for another potent
reason. Range that is once gone over
by a" band of sheep remains unproductive,
for years. The cattle, on the other hand,
can range 'upon the same lam year after
years, as they do not pull upr the grass by
the roots and devour the whole plant, aa
do the sheep. ,
It Is only a few months since that an
earnest protest was sent to President
Roosevelt by ' the cattlemen of the Big
Horn country. Buffalo Bill, otherwise
"William F. Cody, one ' of the largest
stockmen, personally carried this appeal
to Washington, and predicted to the presi
dent that, if the sheepmen were not re
stricted, bloodshed would result.
The experience of "Wyoming In this re
spect Is not different from that of Colo
rado, whose Routt County stockmen's
wars are matters of recent history. The
same is true of Montana; stockmen are
gradually being forced out of the state
across the Canadian border, and only to
day there would have been a serious bat
tle between sheepmen and cattle raisers
In the Northern part of this country had
not several county officials got wind of
the intended raid upon sheepmen- and ef
fected a truce.
The trouble In North "Wyoming has been
(Concluded on Second Page.)