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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE SIOKNlJXtf UKKGOJflATy, TUESDAY, JULY 21. 1903.
GREAT AMONG POPES
News of Death Causes Sor
row in United States,
DELEGATE FALCON ID'S TRIBUTE
He Issues Address to American
Bishops Ordering Prayers tor Pope
Leo's Soul Message of Secre
tary Hay Bishops' Opinions.
' ' I
WASHINGTON. July 20. The first defi-
nlte announcement of the death of Pope
Leo made to his Immediate representative
in Washington, Apostolic Delegate Falco
nio, was conveyed to him today by the As
sociated Press at 12:45 o'clock- Four hours
later the official confirmation came. When
the Associated Press bulletin- was handed
to Bishop Falconio, he was having his mid
day meal in company with Bishop Booker
end Auditor Marchetti, of the apostolic
delegation- All expressed deep sorrow and
seemed to feel shocked.
During the afternoon the Legation was
visited by many of the Catholic clergy to
leave their expressions of sympathy and
condolence. Among the callers also were
representatives of the German and Rus
sian Embassies, both of whom called In
state to express their sympathies.
The official announcement of the pope's
death read as follows:
Rome, July 20'. Mgr. Falconio, apostolic dele
gate, Washington, D. C:
With deepest sorrow X announce to you the
death of the holy father, which occurred this
afternoon at 4 o'clock. His holiness died sur
rounded by the sacred college.
(Signed) M. CARDINAL RAMPOLLA.
To this message Archbishop Falconio
made Immediate response, as follows:
With deepest sorrow I express to your em
inence the universal grief at the Irreparable
loss sustained in the death of the glorious
Monslgnore Falconio also gave out the
following address to the archbishops and
bishops of the Catholic Church, of whom
there are 90 In America:
Washington, July 20. Tour Lordship:
It Is my painful duty to convey to you the
ead Intelligence of the death of our holy father,
the pope, which occurred today. As In life,
bo in death, the august pontiff has shown such
wonderful examples of serious thought, of de
termination of character, of sweetness, of
hearty piety and Christian fortitude as to
evoke in all lands the most striking manifes
tation of reverence and respect.
Leo XIII Is dead. In htm the world has lost
a profound scholar, a distinguished statesman,
a lover and a protector of Justice; has lost
one whose power for amelioration of society
has been exercised with such consummate
skill and earnestness as to be felt everywhere
and to gain for him universal admiration.
Hence his death Is deplored by all without
distinction of nationality or creed.
However, for us Catholics the loss is greater
and consequently more keenly felt. In Leo
XHIJaesldes the scholar, the statesman, tho
philanthropist, we have lost our spiritual
father, the supreme pastor of our church, In
him who during his long pontificate has
watched with Incessant solicitude over our
spiritual welfare and has spared no labor to
proclaim farther and wider the Kingdom of his
divine master. His reign recalls to our minds
the brightest days of the papacy. His noble
figure has earned one of the most glorious
places In his house.
While we bow reverently to the death of
our august pontiff and deplore the great low
which his death has caused the church, let
public and private prayers be raised to heavep
in every diocese and In every parish for the
eternal repose of that noble soul. As to the
public prayers, your lordship may prescribe
such suffrages as your piety . may Inspire.
With sentiments of highest esteem and pro
found respect, I beg leave to remain.
Your devoted servant in Christ,
Archbishop of Larlssa, Delegate Apostolic
Delegate Falconio repeatedly expressed
In conversation his deep personal regret
over the loss of the pope. Bishop Booker
and Dr. Marchetti also expressed profound
sorrow. Bishop Booker gave out a state
ment In which he said:
The church boasts a long line of Illustrious
pontiffs. Leo XIII will ever stand In their
loremost rank. His reign has been a wonder
iuj one. He assumed the pontificate at a
most critical moment. He hands It to his
sbecessor without a single loss and with great
On receipt of the news Secretary Hay
sent the following dispatch to Cardinal
"The President desires me to express his
profound sense of the loss which the
Christian world has sustained in the death
of His Holiness, Leo XIII. By his lofty
character, his great learning and his com
prehensive charity he hau adorned his ex
alted station and made his reign one of
the most illustrious, as it has been one of
the longest In the history of the Catholic
Church. JOHN HAY."
The bishops of the Catholic Church will
celebrate pontifical mass for the repose
of the soul of the pontiff in the cathedrals
of their respective dioceses, and funeral
masses will be said in all Catholic
After the interment prayers will be held
In the Catholic churches, asking that di
vine gujdance may attend the labors of
the consistory in the election of a succes
sor to Leo XIII.
ARCHBISHOP IRELAND'S EULOGY.
Great American Prelate Tells of
Leo's Admiration of America.
ST. PAUL, July -20. Upon the receipt of
the news of the death of the pope, Arch
bishop Ireland paid this tribute to the'
"In Leo a truly great and good man
passes from earth. The extraordinary,
the unparalleled interest with which the
world this last fortnight kept vigil around
the "Vatican, where the old hero battled
dramatically with grim death, is the mag
nificent tribute to Leo which nothing
could have evoked save unusual gran
deur. In the death of Leo humanity re
alizes that an orb of light, such as is
seldom seen, to dominate the high skies
of its moral and Intellectual Armament,
has fallen, making a mighty void which
soon again may not be filled. Great and
good Leo truly was fashioned so by na
ture and grace divine. What a mind!
Loftiest It was in vision, reaching out to
the vastest horizons, soaring upwards to
highest regions of thought and truth.
And how quick in action that mind of
Leo was; how piercing his glance; how
rich and varied the store of knowledge.
Bapidly as he conversed he would travel
from literature to science and art, from
theology to diplomacy everywhere the
manifest master and everywhere the cul
"And then, he was ambitious to put to
profit his talents, ambitious to do great
things. When he first ascended the pon
tifical throne he resolved that so far as
opportunity came his would-be a historic
pontificate, and to that end he worked
consciously during his life. He lived and
worked purely for God and for men. He
met Kings and peasants, men of highest
social rank and of lowest all bowed be
fore his graclousness and whispered to
him words of affection and devotion.
"There is no other post of honor and
duty so elevated, so sublime, as the Bo
man pontificate, the treasury of cen
turies of inspirations, the world-chair of
moral authority, ruling directly 250,000,000
of every tribe and every nation, ruling In
directly by the silent prestige of its pow
er, by the vast spiritual force of its life
and teachings, entire humanity. Into that
pontificate he entered, and, as only two
of his predecessors have done, reigned a
quarter of a century, leaving posterity to
say, as he closes the last pages of his
cord, that In him the Catholic Church
PAYS HrGH TRIBUTE
BISHOP CHARLES J. O'REILLY.
The death of Pope Leo Xni removes the grandest figure offered to the
.admiration of mankind in the latter half of the 10th and the opening years of
the 20th century'. His pontificate of 25 years may Justly be regarded as among
the most glorious In the long line of his eminent predecessors. Volumes could
not contain all the ulog!es of Leo XIII as priest, pontiff and statesman, which
have been pronounced during the last few years by prominent publicists, and In
this hour, when the church mourns the death of her brilliant and saintly head,
all the world pays tribute to his exalted virtues. He. seemed to recognize all the
needs of humanity, from the time of his accession to the papal throne, and bent
every nergy or his powerful Intellect to the amelioration of the race. In the de
velopment of the higher studies Pope Leo reared a. monument of Imperishable
fame. Literature, philosophy, the natural sciences, no less than the various
branches of biblical knowledge and ecclesiastical history, all received his warm
est encouragement. It Is another of his glories that In sociology, his admirable
encyclicals develop a perfect and comprehensive system of all the social sciences,
starting with the fundamental principles of natural law, to the consideration of
the political constitution of states, and embracing every economic question tending
to the welfare of humanity. His highest energies, however, were devoted to the
policy of the pacification of nations, and his historian will in the future have
a pleasing task lnrepresentlng Leo XIII as the "peacemaker of Europe." Ger
many,. Belgium, France and Spain were, at various times the beneficiaries of his
peace-giving interventions. In grave and critical emergencies. Asia and Africa
he resolutely labored to awaken to a new life of Christian civilization. And
America, which he loved so well, will not withhold Its tribute of veneration
and gratitude to Pope Leo for the many times he has expressed his admiration
and confidence -In the grand future of this mighty country. No man of his age
has swayed the world so powerfully and so beneflclallyas Pope Leo XIII. and it
Is eald of him that his manner was a constant reminder of His Divine Master, v
the Prince of Peace, whom he strove constantly to Imitate. Truly the world Is
better for the life of this saintly and scholarly pontiff. C j. O'REILLY.
has had one of the most wondrous of her
wondrous sovereigns and humanity one
of Its noblest thinkers and highest ex
emplars of fidelity to God-given duty.
"Volumes will be written to narrate the
things done by Leo. In a hurried eulogy
there: Isroom . only--,to. note, the general
results he has achieved. Leo's services
were of course primarily to the church.
Leo made the church known to the mod
ern world as she wished to be made
known. In one encyclical he discoursed
on vital moral and dogmatic principles
which constitute Its doctrinal acts, to
make them clear ot the social and civic
world. He tore to shreds the' thick veil
of prejudice and misunderstanding which
as the sequence of strifes and controver
sies of centuries had been hiding Its
features from the eyes of millions of the
non-Catholic world. Liberty, civil and
political, individual rights, education, the
Sri-' if II i AtS Tr flc i
progress of science and of discovery, the J
material comfort of the masses all this
Leo, in the name of the church, blessed
and advocated. Today the Catholic
Church Is universally admitted to be In j
the van of humanity, and for this Leo Is
to be thanked.
"All humanity has been benefited by
him. He never hesitated to reach out be
yond the formal confines of the church to
serve humanity, to serve nations and men
who were not of the fold of the church.
"No other man reigned at the dawn of
the 20th century as Leo reigned. It was
the supreme triumph of moral power
the triumph of truth and justice, the tri
umph of a soul replenished with truth
and justice. With Leo there dies the ad
mirer and lover of America. Said he to a
bishop from America one day:
" Oh, America! It is the future.'
"Leo's clear view of things from their
way in time as well as In such space
has endeared America to him. No other
statesman in Europe like Leo understood
America its possibilitiesnd the growing
of its Institutions.
"Nothing in tho circumstances connect
ed with the illness and death of Leo does
so much honor to him and so much honor
ELIZABETH AGNES MURPHY.
And thou wert cast in Christly mold,
Soul of mine reverence I
And thou hast known the struggle old
The Breath of Recompense!
Not thee the elemental dross,
Nor skin, nor earthy sphere
Thine labor but the Saving Cross, v
And penitential tear
Thine fullness in the Master's lot, .
The Sheperd's love and fear!
And Virtue blest thee as her own,
And Wisdom lingered near thy throne,
Thou Venerable Seer!
O "blessed illness," blessed death,
That to the World gave birth;
An impulse from the Womb of Night, v
To grow unto a better Light,
And greet a Peace on Earth.
TO THE DEAD POPE.
to our common nature as the outspoken
Interest taken In him by the non-Catholic
world, especially In the United States. In
America the Associated Press daily bur
dened trans-Atlantic cables with messages
lengthy and sympathetic from Borne. The
newspapers of the country quickly opened
their columns to those messages and re
peatedly wrote in the friendliest language.
"In numerous Protestant churches kind--Hest
mention was made of Leo from the
pulpit, and prayers for him went up from
the Hps of ministers and of congregations.
Leo In his last moments "was deeply
touched on hearing of this attitude of
Protestants toward him. The world is to
day the better for the sweet kindliness
begotten in It by Leo."
Fnoai ARCHBISHOP MONTGOMERY.
ne of Ablest Popes, Wise and Judt
SAN FRANCISCO, July 20. Archbishop
"Montgomery, coadjutor for the diocese of
California, when informed by the Assoc!
atcd Press of the death of Pope Leo, ex
pressed great sorrow at the passing of
the aged pontiff. Archbishop Montgomery
"Catholics In general and the priests
and bishops particularly who were famil
iar perhaps more than others with the en
tire life of Pope Leo XIII regarded him
as one of the ablest of pontiffs. We con
sidered him a very able man in every
thing that pertained to the administra
tion of his office, and that says a great
deal. He was the recognized head of 250,
000,000 people, who are scattered all over
the world, and his spiritual relations with
them brought him Into necessary relation
In some sense with every civil govern
ment, and In such connection we believe
that his long administration has been
most wise and Judicious. His wonderful
grasp of situations was seen in the ablo
encyclicals he wrote covering so many
subjects, all pertinent and absolutely
esentlal to civil and religious life.
His writings showed him to be most ver-
satllc in his knowledge, and his long life,
after .the regularity with which he lived,
might, I have no doubt, be attributed to
the power of abstraction he seemed to
have had of throwing off the care of the
weightiest and most burdensome subjects
in recreation of a high literary character."
WHAT LONDON PAPERS SAY.
Contrast Position of Papacy Now and
at Death of Plas IX.
LONDON, July 20. Long biographical
sketches, memoirs and editorials are
called forth by the death of the pope, and
the English papers all teenf with expres
sions of the warmest sympathy and deep
regret. A contrast is drawn between the
L unique position that the papacy now holds
in international consideration, compared
with Its shattered, discredited position at
the time of tho death of Pius IX.
The Morning Post says: "The keys of
St. Peter that death snatched from him
are now the symbols of a worldwide rier
archy, such as even Islam Itself, with its
countless millions of devotes, cannot
The Dally News saysr "Leo XIII will
be remembered as one of the greatest of
popes and humblest of Christians."
The Dally Telegraph says: "The Cath
olic world mourns the loss of one of the
noblest priests, one of the most distin
guished scholars and wisest statesmen
who has ever filled St. Peter's chair."
VENERATED BY ROOSEVELT.
The President Say He Won Respect
of All Christendom.
OYSTER BAY. July 20. President Roose
vclt was deeply touched by the death
of the pope. On being Informed of the
demise of the venerable head of the Cath
olic church he dictated the following for
the Associated Press: "The President ex
presses his profound regret at the death
of the venerable pontiff, whose long ca
reer, no less than his exalted character,
has commanded the respect of all Chris
tendom." The President said that In uttering these
sentiments he was giving expression to
the feeling of all the people of the Upited
States wholly without regard to their re
ligious faith. Whitelaw and Mrs. Rcid. of
New York, are the guests of the Presi
dent and Mrs. Boosevelt today. Their visit
was of purely social character.
Archbishop Elder, OldcHt Prelate.
CINCINNATI, July 20. Archbishop Will
lam Henry Elder, who became the oldest
living prelate upon the death of the pope,
said of Eeo XIII:
"It Is 18 years since I saw the holy
father, and during that period so much
has been accomplished by him that he
has become the marvel -of the age. He
has, Indeed, been a light from heaven,
which motto he bears, and has guided the
church through the perils that have beset
her with a master hand and mind. He
has been a great man and a holy man.
While the singular purity and modesty of
his life haVe won for him great admira
tion, his most lasting monument will be
the work he has done for the ameliora
tion of mankind, the aid of the laboring
classes and the defense of right and Jus
tice. It is only becoming an American to
feel gratitude toward -Leo XIU for the
Interest he has maintained In the church
In America and in this country In gen
eral." From Mayor Lore, of New York.
NEW YORK, July .20.-rMayor Low late
today Issued the following letter:
"The death of the pope will bring sor
row to many hundred thousands of the
citizens of New York, and those whom It
does not directly affect will respond with
fraternal sympathy for their fellow-citizens
who feel his death as a personal loss.
Every one must have been moved by his
calm and brave bearing in the presence of
approaching death. It" Is too early to at
tempt to consider Leo XIII's place in
history, but one may safely say that he
filled the great position with dignity and
authority and as one who has understood
thoroughly the movements of his time."
Bishop Thomas Conaty.
LOS ANGELES, July 20. Bishcp
Thomas Conaty said today regarding the
passing of Pope Leo:
"The greatest man of the century is
dead. We mourn as for a friend and
father, and while we know the condi
tions are infinitely better for him beyond,
yet we sorrow for our own loss."
Bells on all the Catholic churches In the
city were tolled for one hour after the an
nouncement of the pope's deathi
' Bishop Pltaval, of Santa Fe.
SANTA FE, N. M., July 20. Bishop J.
B. Pltaval, in charge of the archdiocese
of Santa Fe during the absence of Arch
bishop Peter Bourgade In France, said to
ine Associated .tress correspondent today
"With the death of the great pontiff Leo
Xul the Catholic Church loses one of its
greatest rulers and the world one of Its
most distinguished men."
Archbishop Ryan. '
PHILADELPHIA, July 20. Archbishop
"I Join in the universal estimate of him.
as a great man and great pope. His sym
pathy for our Constitution in America
CHICAGO, July 20.
"It has been the llfework of Leo XIII
to arouse the Catholic body in every na
tlon to enlightened organized effort
against infidel tendencies."
ST. IJ3UIS, Mo., July 20. Bishop Glen
"He was foremost in all the events of
the world. No man had as much influ
ence for good in the past two decad.es as
KANSAS CITY, Mo., July 20. Bishop
"His work on earth was done, and it
was his time to go.-He was a great and
BUZZARDS BAY, Mass., July 2a Ex
"Not only his church, but the cause of
humanity, has lost a strong advocate and
New Yerlc City in XearniaK.
NEW YORK, July 20.-The flags on the
'BEST OF GREAT MEN OF
BISHOP O'DBA'S TRIBUTE TO POPE LEO.
SEATTLE, Wash., July 20. (Speclal. Bishop O'Dea has the following to
say of the dead pope: "Throughout his long and useful life Popo Leo was very
friendly toward this country and frequently spoke In the highest terms of Ameri
can institutions. He admired this country very much for one reason, orf ac
count of the religious liberty allowed here, and for another reason, on account of
the great deference shown for him and his high office- by the people ot the coun
try.. This feeling In this country has not been at all confined to the members
of thn Catholic Church, but extends to people of all religious beliefs and con
victions. "Judplng from the press dispatches, the pope has made a very remarkable
fight against his age and Infirmity. He was In many ways a man of most re
markable character, one of the greatest of good men and the best of great men
of contemporary history of the world. I believe that this opinion is not confined
to Catholics alone, but extends to the people of all religious beliefs. When the'
history of Christian civilization and achievement of the 19th and 20th centuries
Is written. I am confident that a lofty position will be accorded Pope Leo XIII.
"All his life he labored sincerely to bring all Christian people together In
unity. His encyclical on the labor question gave advice on that matter which.
If followed, would solve all questions of labor and socialism, and he has tried to
better the existing social conditions throughout the world by his encyclical on tne
questions of marriage and divorce. He has been the patron and promoter ot all
good works and has left nothing undone which he could do to better the-condition
of the human race."
City Hall and other city buildings were
placed at half-mast by order of Mayor
Low as soon as the death of the pope
OPINIONS OF PORTLAND CLERGY.
Regnrdlcss of Creed. They Extol
Leo's Virtues and Tnlents.
The following opinions of the life and
character of 'Leo -XIII from the leading,
clergymen of Portland Indicate In 'what
high esteem he was held by men of all
creeds. They were prepared at the re
quest of The Oregonlan, and all agree In
ascribing the highest attributes of heart
and mind to the late pope.
Monslgnore Blanchet, vicar-general of
the Catholic church of Oregon, and, in
the absence of Archbishop Christie, the
most distinguished Catholic in the city,
pays the following tribute:
The most Illustrious pope of the 19th
century was Leo XIII, whose name shall
be venerated to the end of time. Plus IX
left a hard legacy to Pope Leo; there
were strained relations between church
and state In every part of the world.
While smoothing difficulties, settling dis
putes and resisting oppressions in the
various countries, the sovereign pontiff
also applied himself to the solution of the
great problem that vexed the whole civi
lized world. Indeed, the grand series of
letters and encyclicals on the burning so
cial question contains an exhaustive expo
sition of the relative duties, rights and
privileges of the state, the family and the
individual. To bring back the stray sheep
to the unity of the Catholic fold was also
dear to the heart of Leo; he appealed to
the schismatics of the East and the non
Catholics of the West to come once more
Into the bosom of mother church. Thus
not the Catholic church only but the civi
THE SACRED COLLEGE OF
THE DUTY OF ELECTING A
LOUIS OREGLIA DI SANTO STEFANO.
JOSEPH SEBASTIAN NETTO.
PETER JEREMIAH MICHAEL ANGELO
PATRICK FRANCIS MORAN.
BENEDICT MARY LANGENIEUX.
MARIANO RAMPOLLA DEL TINDARO.
FRANCIS MARY BENJAMIN RICHARD.
PETER LAMBERT GOOSSENS.
ANTHONY JOSEPH GRUSCHA.
ANGELO DI PIETRO.
MICHAEL LOGUE. ,
ADOLPHE LOUIS ALBERT PERRAUD.
VICTOR LUCIEN SULPICE LECOT.
CTRIACUS MARY SANCHA Y HERVAS.
JEROME MARY GOTTI. .
SALVATOR CASSANAS Y PAGES.
JOSEPH MARY MARTIN DE HERRE
RAYD DE LA INGLESIA.
The cardinals, when duly constituted and proclaimed, form the supreme council
or senate of the church. They are advisors of the supreme pontiff, and at the death
of the pontiff they elect his successor.
There are three orders of cardinals cardinal-bishops, cardinal-priests and cardinal
deacons; but these orders are distinct from the hierarchy, and with very few excep
tions the cardinal priests are archbishops or bishops, and the cardinal-deacons are
generally priests. The sacred college ot cardinals, when complete, consists of 70
members 6 cardinal-bishops, 50 cardinal-priests and 14 cardinal-deacons.
The cardinal-bishops occupy the suburban sees of Rome, which are: Ostla and
Velletrl Porto and Santa Runna; Albano, Frascari, Palestran and Sablna. The cardinal-priests
take their title from the "titular churches" to which they are appolonted:
the cardinal-deacons are appointed to other churches, called deaconarles. The first
cardlnal-blshop Is dean, and the first cardinal-priest Is first priest, and the first cardinal-deacon
Is "first deacon' ot the sacred college. The dean has the right of conse
crating, and the "first deacon." the right of proclaiming and crowning a new pope. On
the death of the pontiff the cardinal camerlergo has -the administration of the affairs ot
the holy see.
lized world owes him a debt of gratitude
for his salutary teachings. For these and
many other things not mentioned, I con
clude that Leo XIII will go down in his
tory as one ot the greatest of men who
have filled the papel chair.
F. X. BLANCHET,
Vicar-General of Oregon.
Leo XIII will have a most honorable
place in history- He was an Italian by
birth, a Catholic by conviction, scholar
by training, and a churchman always.
He had a most remarkable career. He
came to tho papel chair in 1S7S following
Pius IX, a part of whose pontificate of
32 years was full of storm. Leo gave
more than 70 years service to the church.
He was 25 years a .cardinal. At 63
years of age, an age when most men who
llve so long are thinking of retiring- to
quiet life, he was elected pope. He occu
pied the papal chair 25 years. When it
Is remembered that the average service
for the occupants of the papal chair has
been only about seven years, it will be
seen that his was a Jong pontificate.
He was a remarkable man. He was
noted for scholarship, having for many
years devoted himself to philosophy es
pecially. Never robust, his abstemious
habits and hl3 moderation in all things
prolonged his life far beyond the expec
tations of men. He was a man of iron
will; but fortunately also a man of reso
lute self-control and of much gentleness
and kindness of heart. He was not as
conspicuously self-assertive and dogmatic
as many of his predecessors, but he wa3
firm while conciliatory. It would be dif
ficult If not impossible to find among the
more than 250 popes who have preceded
him one who kept more really abreast of
his times, or who met the perplexing con
ditions surrounding him with more con
summate address than he. Statesman
like in his public bearing, kindly of heart,
CARDINALS WHICH HAS
SUCCESSOR TO LEO XIII.
PETER HERCULES COULLIE.
"WILLIAM MARY JOSEPH LABOURE.
FRANCIS DE PAULA CASSETA.
JOSEPH FRANCICA NARA BONT1FE.
FRANCIS DESIDERATUS MATH IE U.
ALEXANDER SANMINTATELLI ZA-
CASIMIR GENNARI. .
JULIUS BOSCHI. - . -
JOHN KNIAZ DE KOZIELSKO PUZTNA.
LOUIS MACCHI. '
JOSEPH VIVES Y TUTO.
FRANCIS DELLA VOLPE.
MOST REVEREND HERRO ESPINOSA.
gentle in manner? he commanded -in an
unusual degree the love) o his church and
tSe respect of the world. ' -We could', all
wish that this devout man might have
lived out his full 100 years.
DR. H. J. TALBOT,
Pastor Taylor-Street Methodist, Church.
Pope Leo XIII rendered his church an
incalculable service, not alone by reason of
his wise and statesmanlike leading, but
above all by winning the world's venera
tion for his rarely engaging personality.
The leader of a church which bears aloft
the standard, "Semper Idem" (Ever the
same), he has been neither irreconcilable
nor reactionary, but has with good grace,
accepted many of the transformations
which have been wrought in the world,
social, political, industrial, during the
years of his illustrious pontificate. Pope
Leo has invested his "high olfico with the
dignity which a good and pure man ever
confers upon the place he "fills. History
will rank him high among the vicars, of
STEPHEN S. WISE.
Babbit of Temple Beth Israel.
He lived long and well, accomplishing
more for the unity of the faith., possibly,
than any of his predecessors in modern
A large part of the Christian world re
jects most emphatically and in toto the
ciaims of the Roman Church. At the
same time there are some things which
are held in common. The spirit of the
age magnifies these and Is inclined to say
little about difference. The tribunal of
intelligent Judgment exalts character and
Insists on that quality thac measures with
the New Testament standard.
It Is the age that Is prophetic and ever
going forward to that "one far-off divine
event to which the whole creation
moves." L. E. ROCKWELL.
Presiding elder, Portland District, Meth
odist Episcopal Church.
I am quite sure that very little preju
dice existed in Protestant minds toward
the late occupant of the papal office, in
a personal way. He never impressed me
as being bigoted, and I feel that he was
the best and most liberal pontiff that has
held this great ecclesiastical position, and
that there is some possibility that It will
be difficult to find another equally desir
able for the office. And while I attach
no significance to the superior claims as
sumed by him or other and previous
popes, and regard with some sense ot
humor such assumptions as papal In
fallibility, I do admire the man because of
manly traits; first, the "Iron" physical
fiber which 'was his, and which enabled
him to battle so bravely with the enemy
which always prevails; second, the Intel
lectual ability of the man, both as to
scholarship and tho vast amount of strain
It has borne; third, his desire to die in
the harness; fourth, the tactfulnes3 and
discreetness with which he handled grave
questions; fifth, tho excellent character
which he Is said to have possessed during
all his life; sixth, the ability he had oi.
winning friends through a winsome per
sonality, and, lastly, the cheerfulness of
disposition whicl he manifested on the
threshold ot unseen, associated with the
declaration of sincerity that, though he
did not know that all that he did was
good, yet he obeyed his conscience and
his faith. JEROME R. M' GLADE,
Pastor Mlzpah Presbyterian Church.
The passing of a venerable prelate who
for a quarter of a century was the center
of a deeper and wider interest than is felt
for any other ecclesiastic in the world is
a fact of more than ordinary moment.
The reputation of Pope Leo XIII among
Protestants was that of a man of singu
larly simple tastes, kindly disposition, de
voted piety and brilliant mentality. It
was his distinction that, physically frail,
hi3 marked Intellectual force, his heroic
temper and his ascetic habits of life en
abled discharge of the exacting duties of
his office with an attention to detail that
gave no sign of an almost chronic inval
idism. - Protestants, holding their own
views as to the office, had as far as I
know, only good words for the man. We
share the regret felt at the departure ot
a pontiff of so many virtues, and wish
for his successor that he may prove as
worthy universal esteem.
A. N. FISHER,
Editor Pacific Christian Advocate.
Judged as a man only, and apart from
his sacerdotal functions as head of tho
great Boman Catholic Church, Pope Leo
XIII was beyond-question one of the
grandest characters that ever graced the
annals of the world's intellectual and
moral advancement. To the broad states
manship that made him easily the central
figure' around whom gathered the poten
tial forces, acting for the betterment of
mankind, that settled and adjusted all of
the complex questions that concerned the
governmental affairs of the world for the
last quarter of the 19th century, there was
added In him the graceful fancy and sun
lit imagery of the poet, and a great, hu
man loving heart, that aimed always and
In every way to make the world better
and all men happier because of the Inflni
nite tenderness of its own broad charity.
The church has lost Its pope. But that
is not of great moment. Another pope
will be elected; the chain that reaches
from Christ to Constantlne, from Con
stantine to Leo XIII, will take on another
link, and doctrine and dogma, will be
preached as of old from the Vatican. In
that sense, the church that changes not
nor passes away, has lost nothing. Bui
the world has sustained a loss that neith
er propaganda nor college of cardinals
can make good. The world will miss the
wisdom of his counsel and his philosophy.
His position as head of the Catholic
Church gave him an opportunity to im
press upon the governmental systems ol
the world the Intluence of his genlu3 and
his statesmanship. But he would have
been great without that. A sovereign
himself without temporal power, he stood
resolutely In support of the rightful ex
ercise of temporal power by all other
sovereigns. Himself above all the needs
and necessities that call for human toll
and labor, he stood ever staunchly and
loyally in defense of the right of labor
and of those who toil. A member of the
greatest hierarchy on earth and raised tc
the purple, he was the steadfastfriend ol
this young Republic that stands for a
The sob of sorrow that sounds from the
palace of the Vatican may well find an
echo In, the hearts of men of all creeds
and religions in the American Republic
today. JOHN M. GEARIN.
Leo XIII proved himself in many acts
In recent years to be the greatest pope ol
modern times. He swung the great Bo
man Catholic power from Its position as
friend to Kings and Emperors back to the
Christliko Ideal of the friend of the com
mon people. Upon the great social issues
of the age he spoke with the voice of a
true prophet. In nothing did he more
signally display hi3 profound wisdom and
the broad sympathies of a really Catholic
soul than in his handling ot American
problems in his church. He pointed the
way to a loyal American Catholic Church.
He felt that Gibbons and Ireland are the
men who embody his conceptions of true,
progress in our Nation in short, he pro
nounced emphatically In favor of "Amer
ica, for the Americans" in the govern
ment of the church. Americans cannot
but feel that In the death of Leo XIII
they have lost a true friend, a safe coun
selor and a true Christian man. Broad,
intellectual, sympathetic and spiritual..
fhe made a great place for himself in the
hearts of. his people and of his Master,
Jesus Christ. DR. E. L. HOUSE.
Pastor First Congregational Church.
Specinl Service nt Snlem.
SALEM, Or., uly 20. (Special.) Re
ligious ceremonies in accord with the rit
ual of the Catholic Church will be con
ducted at St. Joseph's church in this city
every morning for ten days succeeding
the death of Pope Leo XIII. A memorial
service will be held during the week, to
which the general public will be Invited.
The date for this service has not been
fixed, but It will probably be on Thurs
day. Ralph They are both duchesses? Marie
Yea, but Mabel's duke, cost her ten millions,
while Bessie's coat only a million. Ralph Poor