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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE . MORNING OREGON! AN. TUESDAY, JULY '21, 1903.
ALL ALIKE TO HIM
President Will Not Discrimi-.
nate in Favor of Unions,
THE LAW IS ABOVE THEIR RULE
He Orders Reinstatement of Book
hinder Who -was Removed. Because
Union Had Expelled Him Ap
j proves Commission's Award.
"WASHINGTON, July 20. William H.
Miller on May 28 last was removed by the
Public Printer from his position as assist
ant foreman of the Government Printing
Office because he had been expelled from
the local union of the International Broth
erhood of Bookbinders. Mr. Miller com
plained to the Civil Service Commission,
and on July 6 it requested Mr. Miller's re
assignment to duty, his removal being
contrary to the civil service rules. Com
plaint also has been made to the Presi
dent, and by his direction Secretary Cor
telyou investigated the matter. On July
13 President Roosevelt .wrote .as follows:
My Dear Secretary Coftelyou: la accord
anc with the civil service- order of July 6,
the Publio Printer will reinstate Mr. "W. H.
Miller In his position. Meanwhile. I will with
hold my final decision an the whole case until
I have received the report of the investigation
on Miller's second communication, which you
.notify me has been begun today, July 13.
In the face of the papers presented. Miller
would appear to have been removed In viola
tion of the law. There is no objection to the
'employes of the Government Printing Ofllce
constituting themselves into a body if they
desire to do no, but no rules or resolutions
of that union can be permitted to override
the laws of the United States, which it is my
wom duty to enforce.
Please communicate a copy of this letter to
the Public Printer for his Information and
that of his subordinates.
The next day the President followed this
letter up with, the following letter to Sec
In connection with my letter of yesterday,
I call attention to the Judgment and award of
the anthracite coal strike commission In its
report to me of March 18 last.
It Is adjudged and awarded that no person
shall be refused employment or In any way
discriminated against on account of member
ship or non-membership in any labor organi
zation, and that there shall be no discrimina
tion against or Interference with any em
ploye who Is not a member of any labor or
ganlratlon by members of such union.
I heartily approved this award and judgment
by the commission appointed by me, whlcn.
I believe. Included a member of a labor union.
This commission was dealing with labor organ
izations working for private employers. It is
of course mere elementary decency to require
that all the Government departments, shall b
handled In accordance with the principle thus
clearly and fearlessly enunciated.
Please furnish a copy of this letter both to
Mr. Palmer and to the Civil Service Commis
sioner for their guidance.
It is announced that the Public Printer,
Mr. Palmer, on Wednesday, July 16, noti
fied Mr. Miller that he had been reinstated
and might report for duty any day.
IRRIGATION FOR IDAHO LAND.
Large Tract of Snake River Desert
Withdrawn From Entry.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, July 20. At the request of the
Geological Survey, the Secretary of the
Interior has temporarily withdrawn from
all entry, save under the homestead law,
a tract of 721.200 acres lying in Blaine and
Fremont counties, Idaho, with a view to
their further examination to determine
the feasibility and practicability of re
claiming this tract by storing and divert
ing the waters of Mud Lake.
Tills withdrawal lies Immediately north
of the great Snako River desert and along
the bed of Big Lost River, several sinks
being embraced within Its limits. Mud
Lake lies 15 miles east of the with
drawn lands and contains sufficient wa
ter to irrigate a large area. The ques
tion now. to be determined is the practi
cability of getting the water on the lands
at a reasonable cost.
KING OFF FOR IRELAND.
Cheered, by Great Crowds on Depart,
nrc From London.
LONDON, July 20. King Edward and
Queen Alexandra, accompanied by Frln
cess Victoria and their suites, left Lon
don" this afternoon for Ireland. Though
the day was gloomy, large crowds gath
ered In front of Buckingham Palace and
nloriir the route to Euston station, and en
thusiastlcally cheered then majesties.
who drove to the d;pot In state landaus
escorted by a detachment or tne House
hold Cavalry. The King wore the unl
form of an Admiral.
Elaborate arrangements were made by
the railroad company for the comfort of
the King's party. The olatform was
closed to the public this morning and the
royal train was beautifully decorated
When their majesties alighted at the sta
tion, which was also handsomely deco
rated, they were received by the railroad
directors, with whom they shook bands.
With the cheers of the people ringing
in their ears the King and Queen left
London for Holyhead, where the royal
yacht Is awaiting them. They expect to
reach Kingston at 9 o'clock tomorrow
The royal train arrived at Holyhead at
G:03 P. M. Their majesties were received
at the pierhead by VIce-Admlral Lord
Charles Beresford, the municipal author
ities and the commanding officers of the
fleet. Addresses were presented and the
party embarked for Kingstown.
DUBLIN IX GALA DRESS.
Death of Pope Will "ot Prevent Wei
come to ICinf? Edward.
DUBLIN, July 20. The announcement
of the pope's death made practically no
difference In the animated appearance of
the streets, throngs of gaily dressed peo
ple viewing the decorations in honor of
King Edward's visit, .which on all sides
is anticipated with keen delight. The King
left Holyhead before the news was known,
Lord Plunkctt, private secretary to -the
Lord Lieutenant, has expressed the
opinion that there will be no essential
change in the programme.
TVew Ministry in Spain.
MADRID. July 20. The Cabinet has
been definitely constituted as follows:
Premier Marquis Vlllaverde.
Foreign Minister Count Sanbernafdlno
Minister of Justice enbr Santos Guz
man. Minister of Flnanee-rSenor Besada.
Minister of War General MartlneglD
Minister of thcr Navy Senor Estram.
Minister of the Interior Senor Garcia
Minister of Public. Instructions Senor
Minister of Agriculture Senor Gaspot.
The changes made from the list of Min
isters cabled last night are in thei Minis
try of Justice and Public Instruction.
Russian Peasants Attack a Noble.
ST. PETERSBURG, July 20. L. K
Gagarin, formerly a member of the Rus
sian court, who belongs to one of the
0 most prominent families of the district
of MichaelovBky, province of RIzan was
severely wounded by peasants recently
while going from Karovln to his country
home. The attack has caused the grav-
est apprehensions, as the proyince of
itizan r.as nuncriu iiul uccji iuvuiveu in
GUILTY OFFICIALS BANISHED.
Czar Sends Former Rulers of "Ivlnh
inet into Practical Exile. .
VIENNA, July 20. The Associated Press
correspondent is informed on good author
ity that the Czarujf Russia, by an im
perial ukase, has transferred Vice-Governor
Ustrovow fom Klehinef to a post
In the Caucasus, and placed Chief of
Gendarmerie Lewen on the reserve list.
This is considered a mild .form of depor
tation. French Ministers Mourn.
PARIS, July 20. The Figaro says:
"Pope Leo leaves the Catholic church
stronger, more alert and more closely
connected with the life of the people than
it was with any of his .predecessors dur
ing the past century."
The Figaro affirms that Foreign Min
ister Delcasse's tolegram advising the
French cardinals of the pope's death In
cluded a request that they come to the
Foreign Ministry before starting for
English Shipping Firms Combine.
LONDON, July 20.y-The amalgamation
is announced of the shipping firms of
Bailey & Leetham (limited) and Thomas
Wilson, Sons & Co. (limited) both of Hull,
To PassAppropriatlons Again.
DENVER,"july 20. The Legislature con
vened this morning under a special call
from the Governor to pass a general ap
propriation bill, the one passed in the
closing hours of the regular session hav
ing been declared Illegal.- Both houses
have retained their old organization.
DEATH OF POPE
PIUS IX IN 1878
How The Oregonian Presented the
News to Its Readers Election of
To Illustrate the advance in news methods
in the past quarter of a century. The Orego
nian presents herewith fac similes of its -accounts
of the death of Pope Plus IX. Pope
Leo's predecessor, at Rome, on February 7,
1878. and of the election of his successor.
Pope Leo XHI, on February 10, 1S78. There
had been no previous warning that Pope Plus
was ill, first Information as to his last sick
ness and his death reaching Portland on the
same day. The reproduction from The Orego
nlon February 8, 1S78. follows: ,
IY 8. 1878.
DEATH a OS ,THEPOKE!
Loxdok.' Feb. 7.-Tbe Pall -Hall GaxOa
Borne dispatch- announces that the pope's
death- is hourly expected. Reports -are cur
rent that he'is-already deatL
IIome. Feo. 7. The condition of the pope
changed seriously for the worse daring the
night, and his holiness has already roceited
th Izii sac ram en t.
The cardinal vlcer.nas been mmmooed lb
die Vatican, and an order has been given, to
prevent ahy person not spdally authorized,
from having access to be pope's apartments.
Egress from the Vatican, is- also prohibited.
Foreign ordinate have -beea -summoned by
telegraph to itome.
Hour. Feb. 7. The pope died at-S o'clock
this afternoon. The coaolave will be 'called
Loirsfbi?. Feb. 7-5 P. M. A later dispatch
from Rome says : It fa .Impossible to dbtafn
exact news but it-Is -no wanders tood the pope
is not dead but dying.
Roxx. Frh 7 K
5 P. M.
The pope'dled at
4:57 this afternoon-.
The Story of the Election of the
Pope Is Found in the Following:
the apal succession !
fEIeciIoa.ftf fjurfrtst fcccl lie Takt
.ttoKxmo of Leo.lIU.
.JBT'TTLBOIUtfa TO TEX OBgqwuicJ-
. Rome. Feb'. 10-9 P. Jf. Tbe condftTe'asecn.
ond ballot was to begin at 3 this afternoon
but th'aacioke of iLe oaraiug ballots in this,
case was not observed until G:i6 P. Jy , qs
iDc the votes were much scattered.
Fanfutth. states that Germany initractfd
Hohcnlohe to declare that the election of on
irreconcilable pope noold oblige Gtraiaay to
take repressive eteps Immediately, Theresa a
moderate pontiff coald speedhy terminate
existing dffVrehoes. FimfnUa also says the'
Freacu Cardinals, contrary (o-toerr first doe-i
larations. ukimately determined to-unltewitb.'
tiie Spanish, Austrian and German- cardinala
in supporting, a moderate candidate.
LoD05. F eh. 'JQ. A Rome correspondent,
telegraphing last evening, says ihe two
moderate candidates for the papacy have re.
Cmed the greatest "number of votes. Stxtv
two cardinals are in the conclave, the-krgeet
numbeurer before present.
Rout, Feb. 20. Cardinal Oiarcai PcccL the
pontifical camerlengo, has ofcen elected pope.
Cardioal Pecci is an Italian. .-
Cardinal Peed -takes the name of Leo XIIL
Nrvr York, Feb. 20. a dispatch from Rome
says the conclave ba been in -session eince
ionday erenlDg,nd only tiro ballots daHy
have been taken.
. Cardinal-Peed was cbpseo-oa the third bal
lot The moderates- hesitated between Car
dinals Franchi -and Peed, but the conflicting
elements became harmoniied and the reeolt
was the election of the latter. Announce
ment to the people was made wHb prescribed
formalities and ceremonies from, the Vaticcn
lodicated'intense.tzdtemeo'r.tuoOsn it had
been accepted as a. foregone conclusion an
Italian cardinal would 3e the choice or the1
i Tnecmoie-of bomingballots having been
seen at 1230 P. H.. today, the crowd before
; the Vatican, thinking the ballot was again
without result, had almost dispersed, when, at
1:10 P. AL. Cardinal Caterool appeared in the
grand gallery ol the YatlcaR JJasilica and an
nounced in the customary ,form.ttia Cardinal
Pecci'a succession to the oapacy.
A few bystanders cheered more enthusiasti
cally aud a large crowd soon assembled, dense
ly thronging the open space before the VatL
can anil approaches thereto.
At 4:30 the newly elected pope, surrounded
by-all tbe cardinals; appeared in the fnner
callcry of the Basilica. The crowd vodfer
ounly shouted "Long-Hre the poper. Tbe
holy father at length made a signal feraHenoe
and Uien intoned the benedict and pronound.
cd a benedidion. After this cheering was
renewed and continued uolll Che popo with
drew. The drenmstcnees-of the election are" as fol
lows. "At this morning's ballot. Cardinal
Pfcci rtciived 36 votes, which was 5 short of
the requisite two-thirds majority. When tbe
..voting was done and the papers were'bumed.
Cardinal Franchi and (hose holding the same
views with him, advanced and knell before
Cardinal Pecci. This example being followed
hy other cardinals. Pccci'select'on was accom
plished by the method known as "by adora
tion." Count Legnr Immediately informed tbe
pope that be proposed to present him with a
million francs as ibe first donation of Peter's
pence from tbe French episcopate.
As tbe result of the election became inown
the bells irrall tbe churches of Borne were
rung and diplomats went to the Vatican -to
congratulate the new pope.
The cardinal will remain in fbe- Vatican
nntiljto-morrow. Perfect order prevails ev-
Pen Picture ot the Sew Pope,
Loxdox, Feb. 20. Tbe-Itomojcorrefposdent
of tbe Times, in a letter to that jouro
dajt of the Hth,
POPE LEO'S SOUL IS GONE
(Continued from First Page. J
About 2 o'clock Jt became apparent that
his life was fast ebbing away. Tho car
dinals -and his relatives were again sum
moned from the adjoining chamber.
Prayers tor the dying were said, and
absolution in articulo mortis was admin
istered. Still the spark of life continued
to flicker, gradually growing dimmer and
At 2:45 P. M. the doctors detected tho
approach of the final agony. Some slight
signs of consciousness remained, and the
dying pontiff muttered some inaudible
words. Gradually his powers of speech
and sight wefe blunted, and he could
neither see nor speak. Thus the chill of
death gradually overspread him until at
4 o'clock tho struggle ended, and he passed
Into the endless sleep of eternity.
Anniversary Passes Unobserved.
By a strange coincidence, today is the
"birthday of ex-Queen Marghcrita, the
mother of King Victor Emmanuel, and
Hags had been put all over the city in
her honor, giving it a festive appearance.
By express desire, no salutes were fired,
as Is customary', so that the pontiff might
not bo disturbed, especially as there is a
fort near tho Vatican. When the King
heard of this desire, he had telegraphic
orders sent all over the kingdom that no
salutes should be fired. In Rome, on the
news of the death becoming known, many
of tho displayed flags were withdrawn
and shops closed. Bulletins announcing
Pope Leo's death are being posted at
closed" shutters, and the theaters are
closed tonight,, placards being put out say
ing there was no performance as a sign
of mourning for Leo XIIL
Socialists Are Irreconcilable.
All the newspapers, including those fa
vorable to the present Institutions, publish
long eulogistic articles about the de
ceased. The only discordant note is struck
by the socialist organ Avantl. which
"We socialists, without disdain, but
with Indifference, pass before the corpse
and await the new enemy."
The "government has renewed the most
energetic orders. Premier Zardanclll at
tending to the work personally, to Insure
order about the Vatican, but It cannot
and will not participate directly In the
A little scene that occurred today will
better than anything else illustrate what
is the present feeling between the two
parties which so bitterly fought against
one another until 1870, when the tem
poral power fell. When the death of the
pontiff became known inside the basilica
of St Peter's, an old captain of the pon
tifical army went to kneel in a chapel
where the sacrament was exposed. A
young Captain In the Italian army fol
lowed him, and, -.kneeling together they
both prayed for the repose of the soul
of their common, holy father.
Immediately following the death of the
pope, cablegrams and telegrams were dis
patched to all parts of tho world, notify
ing the sovereigns, rulers and foreign
governments of the demise. Before night
fell many telegrams of condolence reached
the Vatican, coming from Emperors,
Kings, political rulers and high church
dignitaries abroad. The Vatican officials
are deluged with these messages. Ac
cording to the etiquette of the p&pal ccurt.
the College of Cardinals will, Just before
entering the conclave, hold a formal re
ception of the dlplomatsecredlted to the
Vatican. At this reception It Is the prac
tice for the diplomats to express verbally
the condolences of their sovereigns on
the demise of the pope. Secretary Hay
has been officially advised of Pope Leo's
death by the American Embassy here.
Plans for the Fnnernl.
Only the most general funeral arrange
ments have thus far been made, as the
shock of the pope's death for the moment
occupies all attention. Cardinal Oreglla,
together with the members of the Sacred
College, will determine the details of the
elaborate funeral ceremonies, which will
last nine -days. In the case of Plus IX,
his personal friends among the Roman
aristocracy were permitted to see the em
balmed body before It was removed to St.
Peter's, where the general public had a
like privilege. It is expected that similar
plans will be carried out in the present
case. On the evening of the eighth day
the corpse will be Inclosed in two coffins,
the inner one of cypress and the outer
of lead, which will be deposited within
a stone sarcophagus. It will not be Im
mediately committed to its final resting
place, but will be deposited high over the
door near the choir of a chapel In St.
Peter's, where It may be viewed by all
visitors. The ultimate burial place will
be the magnificent basilica of St. John
the Lateran. Following Popo Leo's ex
pressed wish, the niche In which it will
lie will correspond to that which the
pope designated as the resting place of
Innocent IIL The marble memorial will
Bhow a recumbent 'figure of the pontiff,
surrounded by allegorical figures.
Tomorrow morning the recognition of
the death of the pope will be officially
performed by Cardinal Oreglla. In the
afternoon Dr. LapponI will have the body
carried into the adjoining room, called
the little throneroom, where Popo Leo
recently received King Edward and Em
peror William. There the body will be
embalmed. On Tuesday it will lie in tho
chapel of St. Peter's, remaining there
three days, after which burial will occur.
LAST STRUGGLE WITH DEATH.
Blessing Those Around Hint and Gaz
ing on Crucifix, Leo Passes A-vny.
ROME,. July 20. The final scene in the
death chamber was profoundly impres
sive. The pope's death having been ex
pected since noon, his deathbed was sur
rounded by practically all the members
of the Sacred College now In Rome and
tho whole papal court, while the pontiff's
nephews remained In the papal library un
til they received word from the doctors
which announced that his last expiring
breath was approaching. Then tney moved
silently within the death chamber, some
standing, some kneeling, all awaiting the
awful moment of dts):utlon.
In the ante-chamber had assembled the
I high ecclesiastics, members of the dlplo
ritfUIc corps and- representatives of the
papal aristocracy, awaiting the announce
ment that the final m6ment had come.
Profound silence reigned in tho pope's
bedroom, only broken by the doctors ris
ing to render their expiring patient more
comfortable, by the sobs of the ever-faithful
valet, PIo Centra, or the murmured
prayers ot Monsignore Pifferl, the papal
j confessor, himself 84 years of age, who
had to be assisted to the bedside. Softly
he recited the prayers for the dying, the
pontiff at one moment appearing to follow
them as though conscious of what was
"transpiring, but he could not speak. Then
tbe dying pope murmured something to
himself, In which those bending over him
beard the words "Father" and "Moth
Dr. Lapponi. who almost constantly had
his fingers on the pope's pulse, felt it
growing gradually weaker and weaker.
and at the same time the pontiffs ex
tremities began to get cold, his lips be
came blue, his eyes sank more deeply Into
the head, his breathing became evemmore
difficult, and there were strange rattllngs
In his throat.
Gives, His Last Blessing.
Finally the pope was asked to bless his
nephews and all the others present. . He
attempted to raise himself, and the ex
treme emaciation of his person, covered
with a fine nightshirt, was rendered more
pronounced by the surroundings. The
portieres dividing the door were drawn
back to admit as much air as possible,
while the light filtering through the green
shades of the window rendered his sunk
en eyes and shrunken features absolutely
It was a. .most solemn moment. The
head of the pontiff, with. Its white skull
cap no whiter than the fringe of the sil
very hair, rose above tho crimson cover
let, his hand raised in the familiar ges
tureof benediction, the kneeling assem-
ACTING POPE DURING
blage being too earnestly absorbed In deep
affliction, veneration and weeping to even
make a movement.
Tho doctors again examined the dying
holy father and this time found that he
was at the extreme limit of Jils powers of
respiration. His eyes began to become
dull and clouded and. Leo XIII entered Into
the Teal agony of death, which was recog
nized by air present kneeling.
Gazes on Crucifix as He Dies.
The last conscious act of the pontiff
was to turn his eyes towards the great
crucifix on the wall, after which he suf
fered from a paroxysm of choking, during
which he passed away.
Then the silence of the awe-stricken as
semblage was broken by the sonorous, sol
emn voice of Cardinal . Vannutelli, '(he
grand penitentiary, intoning the requiem
acternam (rest eternal). This was the sig
nal for nil outburst of tears and the sound
of weeping which could no longer be sup
pressed, all tHe kneeling prelates and oth
ers kissing the dead hand that hand which
had dispensed so many benedictions and
Outside the death-chamber expectation
was" intense, but the sight of the sorrowing
faces of those leaving the room was suffi-c-cnt,
-without words, to spread the sad
news, which was not long In spreading
"Watching by .the Dcncl.
The occurrences In the death chamber
immediately following the pope's demise
were of Impressive solemnity. Couriers
had br en dispatched to summon those who
are delegated to perform the first religious
office to the dead pope, and soon the
chanting of the Franciscan monks was
heard, as two by two In coarse brown
habits and with sandaled feet,- they ap
proached the room in which Leo lay dead.
From time immemorial the Franciscans
have been pentcntlaries of St. Peter's.
Folloving them came the noble guard to
watch over the pontiff's remains, the bril
liancy of their uniforms contrasting with
the somber attire of the quaintly-garbed
monks and the solemn dignity of the
chamber Itself. The only sound heard was
the measured chanting of the psalms ot
penitenco by a group of monks kneeling
beside the couch of death.
Two noble guards took up positions at
the foot of the couch and stood by, rigid
and silent as statues, with swords drawn
and reversed, pointing to tho floor. A
white veil was thrown over the dead man's
face while awaiting the solemn entrance
of the camerlengo, who was officially to
pronounce the pbntlff actually dead.
The grewsomo details ot the embalming
will not be performed until after the lapse
of 24 hours. The body will, then be robed
in full pontifical vestments for the impos
ing funeral services
. 7" I
LAST DISPATCH BEFORE DEATH.
Tells of Affecting Scene Around Holy
. ROME, July 20. At 1 o'clock there
was great alarm at the Vatican, as the
pope was suffering from a grave cardiac
affection. Dr. Lapponi 'really thought
the end had arrived, and Cardinal
Seraflno Vannutelli, the grand peniten
tiary, began the prayers for the dy
ing, and gave the pontiff absolution in
articulo mortis. Hls death was consid
ered so Imminent that all the cardinals
present and the members of the diplo
matic corps were admitted to the sick
room, as, according to tradition, popes
must become surrounded by the sacred
college, the pontifical court and the dip
lomats accredited to the Vatican.
Just at that moment a large party of
American tourists, unaware ot .the crit
ical situation of the pontiff, ascended the
grand staircase, talking and laughing.
They were approached by a gendarme,
"Please-do not make any noise, as the
holy father Is dying."
This produced great emotion among the
tourists and they immediately retired.
The government has decided that when
the pope's death js Imminent or has actu
ally occurred, it will hold all dispatches
until the facts ure officially verified, when
the first official announcement will be
made. i r. .
X stop has been made to the frequent
visits made to Popo Leo's chamber, "al
though the presence of callers would not
harm him. While he was conscious the
visits exhausted him, but It was his wish
that 'the visitors should be admitted, and
the attending doctors thought it bettor
not to cross him.
Scene at Deathbed.
The pope will die, one may say. In har
ness, 'and if not standing, as he declared
he. would be, at least performing his du
ties to the end.
This morning the sickroom was the
most tranquil spot in the Vatican. The
pontiff, lies in his bed, the pillows of
which are not whiter than his face,
which has a strange appearance, owing
to his not having been shaved for so
long. His hands are folded over the
rosary which ho has used for over 60
years. The famous armchair which, per
haps, his holiness will never again en
ter, stands Invitingly near, with his stick
beside It, while Centra, his valet, prays
and weeps before a huge Ivory crucifix.
Dr. Lapponi sitting beside the bedside
ready for any emergency. The doctor
from timo to time rises noiselessly to
administer nourishment, of which this
morning tjic pontiff has taken some. In
deed, Dr Lapponi succeeded In having
him swallow several teaspoonfuls of cof
fee, milk and brandy mixed.
The silence of the sickroom Is occa
sionally broken by a hacking cough, due
to the gathering of phlegm in the pope'o
throat. These coughing spells have tho
effect ot rousing the pontiff, causing him
to open his eye3 and revive slightly.
When the doctors were examining him
this morning, believing he was in ;'a stu
por, his holiness suddenly fixed his eyes,
even now bright and by no means life
less, on them, saying:
He ForeseeH the End.
"This time, doctors, you win not win
in your brave fight with death."
"It is your holiness who Is brave,"
replied Dr. Lapponi, but before the re
mark was uttered the pope was again
unable to understand what was said.
Although this morning's bulletin has
given the Impression that the pope's con
dition is somewhat ameliorated. In reall
ity the doctors do not think so. They con
sider that the lowering of the pulse and
the diminution of the respiration are due
to great prostration of the whole organ
ism, which is augmenting, notwithstand
ing the fact that the patient at times
takes a little nourishment.
Tho pope continues now and then to
mutter phrases, although unconscious.
His mind evidently returns to the events
that impressed him mo3t before his illness
began. At one moment he is feeling about
with his hands and moving his head from
side to side, trying to lift himself, while
"What crowds, what devotion! My dear
people" then, falling back, he sighs and
"Oh! the weight of these robes. Can I
hold out until the end?"
This Is followed by scraps of Latin
verse and prayers and then comes an in
terval of silence, which Is broken by an
other moment of energy In which the
"The consistory 13 over. They oan re
proach me no longer. How many faces
of all kinds! How many foreigners! The
church Is triumphing," and so on, over
and over again.
Lnst "Words to Oreglin.
A wonderful thing about Pope Leo is
.that every time his mind becomes clear
he seems to grasp the fact that It may be
the last, and he makes the highest use
of It. When, during the alarming crisis
about noon, he was lying on his bed, per
fectly motionless, while around him knelt
the cardinals andother members of the
papal court, praying and not knowing
whether tho pope was not already dead.
without any preliminary restlessness, the
nnntiff nnonnil Vila iri n-V.(nV.
t Cardinai Oreglla. who was at his side
I and 'said solemnly: '
j "To your eminence, who will so soon
! seize the reins of supremo power, I con
fide tne cnurcn in tneso difficult times."
Then Monsignore BosletC the master of
the chamber, asked for the pope's benedic
tion for the court, which the pope grant
"Be this my last greeting."
The pontiff gave his hand to kiss to the
cardinals present, who were Oreglla, Ram
polla. Vannuttelll, Nollavolpa and VIves
Dr. Lapponi. profiting by the pope's ani
mation, administered restoratives, where
upon the patient sank back as suddenly as
he had revived.
The words the pope addressed to Car
dinal Oreglla. and which may perhaps
prove to be his last utterance, are much
commented upon, and It Is wondered
whether the Intention of the pope was to
Indicate Cardinal Oreglla as his succes
sor. They will certainly have considerable
weight in the decision of the cardinals
who take part in the conclave.
Farewell to His Family.
The whole day was one of continual
emotion, one distressing scene following
another. When it became known shortly
before 4 P. M. that the popc3 Journey
through the valley ot death was almost
finished". Cardinal Vannutelli hurried again
to his bedside, and, was followed shortly
afterward by what Is calleg In Vatican
phraseology the "papal secret family"
and the "noble family," besides the "per
sonal family," Including the late pope's
nephews. Counts Ludovlco. RIcardo and
Camillo, and also the cardinals at the
Vatican, who afterward retired to the ad
Joining library after they had been al
lowed to kiss the pontiff's hand and .pass
along, presenting another of those pic
tures which will live in the memory of ali
those participating In 1L
The aged pontiff was lying prono and
unconscious, propped up to assist him In
breathing; one hand lay oh the red silk
coverlet, the heavy pontifical ring, being in
danger of falling from the shrunken fin
ger. , wh!Je the other hand clutched his
rosary and crucifix. Though he was en
tirely unconscious, gleams of Intelligence
seemed to flicker across tho worn face,
and the shadow of a smile fell over the
pallid Up3 when the nephews passed and
reverently knelt and kissed the pope's
hand. No word was spoken. The only
sound which broke, the silence of the
deathroom was the Tattle of the arms ot
the noble guaVd who ware stationed at
every door of the pontiff's private apart
ments. It being their privilege and rlght
under the circumstances to take posses
sion of the apartments and guard the body
of the pope.
REQUIEM MASS IX LOXDOX.
OHlclal Xotice Sent to All Churches
in Great Britain.
"LONDON, July 20. The news of the
pope's 'death was conveyed to Westmin
ster Cathedral In a press dispatch which
was transmitted to Bishop Qeorge John
son, acting head of the diocese since the
death of Cardinal Vaughan. The news
will have little visible effect on the Cath
olic Church In England.
Europe received the first news of the
pope's death through a dispatch to Reu
ter's Agency from the Associated Press of
fice Jn New York. At 6:30 this evening,
with the exception of the Havenes
Agency In Paris, no other European
agency h.ad the news of the event,
Monsignore Fcnton, the vicar-general,
immediately dispatched to each diocese a
circular letter notifying the clergy of the
event, of which they had already been In
formed through the papers, and directing
that solemn requiem mass be celebrated
In memory of Leo's death. The location
of the official requiem service Is not yet
determined upon, but It will probably be
the Brompton oratory. Curiously enough.
the new cathedral will not be utilized.
The building Is still unfinished and has
not been dedicated.
Monsignore Johnson did not communi
cate the news of Pope Leo's death to the
Foreign Office, as the pope does not rank
as a temporal power.
It Is entirely optional with the Individ
ual churches whether they shall display
mourning, but they will all drape their
chancels in black until the conclave elects
a successor to the deceased pontiff.
The requiem mass In London will prob
ably be robbed of much ot the usual pomp
and Impresslveness, by the fact of Its
being held outside the cathedral. On the
occasion of the death of Pope Pius IX
the pro-cathedral existed and wag util
ized. Now neither the cathedral nor the.
pro-cathedral is available.
The pope's death will have no political
effect in Great Britain, as there are no
questions or controverles pending be
tween the Vatican and this country.
WAITING FOR THE EXD.
Crowds Watch Windows for Least
Sign of News.
ROME, July 20. An attempt to gather
something regarding the pope's condition
from the expression on the face of Cen
tra, the pontiff's valet, as he opened the
window of the roomvof his holiness, at
daybreak each m6rning, has been for days
past the last act of the night watchers
in the pta'zza of St. Peter's before going
to their well-earned rest and being re
placed by others. This morning, as us
ual, their eyes were fixed upon the win
dow, but time passed and still the shut
ters remained sealed. Seconds grew into
minutes, but still there was no movement,
and this fact caused Indescribable Imag
ination among those watching in the
"What can It mean?" the people asked.
"The pope must have passed away."
With this idea in mind some sped into,
the city, while others, less precipitate,
besieged the bronze doors, which were
opened to be received by the burly Swiss
guard, who in bad Italian told them to
go away, as they knew nothing of the
pontiff's condition. The general depres
sion was augmented by the weather, the
sky being very much overcast, producing
what Is called the sirocco, which makes
one dull and heavy and takes away all
energy and spirit. This gave to St. Pe
ter's and the Vatican a more majestic
but abandoned and quite striking appear
ance. MASSES IX ALL CHURCHES.
Prayers for Late Pope and for Guid
ance to Conclave.
WASHINGTON, July 20. As soon as
Monsignore Falconlo, the papal delegate
herep receives official announcement of the
pope's death, he will Issue an address to
the bishops under his Jurisdiction, which
will Include all those in the United States.
Informally, this will be made first through
the press and then by mall advices as
quickly as they can be prepared. The
bishops In turn will Issue circulars to the
churches of their dioceses announcing the
pope'-s death, and announcing the charac
ter of the service to be held. Tne bishops
will celebrate pontifical high mass, partic
ularly In the .cathedral of their dioceses,
while funeral masses will be said in all
Catholic churches. Monsignore Falconlo
will also Issue a message of condolence to
Cardinal Rampolla, the Papal Secretary or
After the Interment of the pope prayers
will be held In the Catholic churches ask
ing that divine guidance may attend the
affairs of the consistory In their election
of a successor to Leo XHI.
Cardinal Gibbons Goes to Rome.
PARIS, July 2a The death of the pope
did not cause any excitement In Paris,
where It had been expected almost hourly
for so long a time that Parisians ap
peared to have lost all Interest In the
event. Thesubject of the pontiff's pass
ing away Is "hardly mentioned or dis
cussed In the boulevard cafes, all of
which are crowded.
Cardinal Gibbons started for Rome this
Honolulu In Mourning.
HONOLULU. July 20. (By Pacific
cable.) The announcement of the death of
Pope Leo. although anticipated, was re
ceived with much sadness In Honolulu
and particularly among the Catholic resi
dents. Services will be held throughout
tho Hawaiian Islands In the Roman Cath
olic churches on the day of the funeral In
ELBCTIOX OF THE PONTIFF.
Cardinals Kept in Slstlne Chapel ln
til Choice Is Made.
On the 10th, or at the latest the 12th
day after the death of the pope, the con
clave assembles for the election of the
new pontiff. If precedent is followed, the
conclave Is held at the beautiful Slstlne
Chapel, within the walls of the Vatican.
Kacn cardinal is allowed, the services of
a secretary and an attendant, who. while
the conclave lasts, occupy rooms adjacent
to the particular cell alloted to their mas
ter. On the day fixed for the meeting of
the conciave, tne cardinals assemble to
hear special mass of the Holy Spirit and
to take the oaths ot faithfulness and se
crecy. When this Js accomplished, all the
members of the various congregations go
In solemn procession, two by two, and fol
lowed by the long retinue of attendants,
to the conclave, while the Inspiring strains
of the "venl. Creator Splritus" are en
chanted. Once within the confines of the
conclave, the massive doors are shut with
double locks and from that moment until
the new pontiff Is elected no person is
permitted to pass In or out. '
Meals Served Through WIclcet.
The meals for the assemblage are pre
pared within the walls of the Vatican and
are delivered through a wicket gate, or
rather casement, let Into the great door.
It Is here, also, that on the first day of
the conclave, a committee of cardinals.
appointed by the whole body, gives audi
ence to the foreign envoys. This, how
ever, takes place before the conclave ha3
actually met for the pope s election.
The Slstlne Chapel Is especially fitted
The instinct of modesty natural to
every woman Is often a great hindrance
to the cure of womanly diseases. Wom
en shrink from the personal questions ot
the local physl
c a t e. The
thought of ex
amination I a
them, and so
they endure In
silence a condl
1 1 on which
bad to worse.
It has been
p r I vilege to
cure a grsat
m an y women
who have found
a refuge for
modesty In his
offer of free
letter. All cor
held as strictly
private and sa
1 1 al. Address
Dr. R. V.
lishes regularity, dries weakening drains,
heals Inflammation and ulceration, and
cures female weakness.
"Havlns used Dr. Pierce's Favorite Pre
scription and "Uolden Medical Discovery' dur
ing the past year." writes Mrs. Mattle Long,
of Prouta Valley. Perry Countv, pa.. " I can
truthfully recommend these medicines for all
female weaknetsos. I have used several bottles
of 'Favorite Prescription. which I consider
a rreat blessing to weak women. I was so
nervous and dlycouraged that I hardly knew
what to do. Your kind advice for home treat
ment helped me wonderfully. Thanks to Dr.
Biliousness Is cured by the use of Dr.
Pierce's Pleasant Pellets.
for the holding of this momentous coun
cil of the church. The stalls for the car
dinals ranged on each side, are surmount
ed by canopies of cloth In the ecclesias
tical colors, and at the far end. opposite
the high altar, are places assigned to the
secretaries. When mass has been said and
all Is prepared the conclave proceeds to
Its solemn task.
The selection of a pope Is effected by
three methods: By acclamation or adora
tion, in which is embodied the idea of di
rect divine inspiration; by the compromise
or by vote. The late pope Leo was elected
on the second day of the conclave by ac
clamation. The system of voting, called the scru
tlnum, Is regulated by exact prescription.
The proceedings are under the direction of
six cardinals, two from each order of
bishops, priests and deacons. Every car
dinal is provided with a voting paper, on
which he writes the name of his chosen
candidate, but not his own name. No
one is permitted to vote for himself. When
the requisite Interval has passed, each
cardinal, beginning with tne one of the
most ancient creation, leaves his seat and
advances to the high altar. Amid a sol
emn hush the elector prays for awhile on
the altar steps and then, declaring aloud
that his vote Is given according to his
conscience, drops his voting paper In the
Smoke Proclaims Xo Election.
When all have voted In like manner tho
six scrutineers examine the papers and
proclaim the result. If no cardinal has
obtained the required number of votes
two-thirds of the number of cardinals
present plus one the result Is declared
void, and the voting papers, collected to
gether are burned- In a brazier with damp
straw, the dense smoke from which Issues
through a particular chimney visible from
outside and proclaims to the outside world
that no election has taken place.
Under these circumstances on the after
noon of the same day a second vote takes
place, supplementary to the first, and
called the accesslt vote. In this the pro
cedure embodies the theory that the car
dinal who has obtained the la'rgest num
ber of votes In the morning Is the most
acceptable to the conclave. Consequently
his name Is the only one considered the
moment, and each cardinal votes for him
by writing the word "accedo" on his
scheda, or voting party, or signifies his
dissent by the words accedo nemlnl. If
this new vote leads to no result the papers
are burned as before and the conclave ad
journs until the following morning, when
the election begins afresh and quite Irre
spective of the previous day's proceed
When, at length, the determining vote
Is taken and the cardinal deacon, the scru
tineer, announces that a certain candidate
has been elected pope there Is a departure
from the procedure adopted hitherto. The
cardinal deacon opens each folded voting
paper fully and reading the Latin motto
which each cardinal has to Inscribe on It
for'the purpose of ultimate Identification
makes known how each member of the
conclave has voted. In old days when
much -depended upon the favor of the
pontiff, the knowledge that the newly
elected pope would learn tne names 01 nis
opponents was frequently a determining
factor when the voting became close, and
Induced waverers to rally to a candidate
who appeared to have a good prospect of
Invested With Pontifical Ro'bes.
The election being over, a summons Is
at once sent to the prefect of ceremonies,
who speedily enters the chapel bearing tho
fisherman's ring. An interval then occurs,
during which the canopies are removed
from the stalls of all the cardinals except
that of the newly elected pope, and his
holiness retires to robe himself In the
pontifical vestments. On his return the
fisherman's ring is placed on his finger
by the cardinal camerllngo, and the new
vicar of Christ gives his first solemn
benediction to the members of the Sacred
College from the steps of the altar. Then,
taking his seat on the sedla gestatorla,
the pope receives the homage of their
eminences and communicates the name
which it is his pleasure to assume as
Next the first cardinal deacon takes the
'oath of obedience, and hastening to the
grand loggle. or balcony of St. Peter's,
looking on the great piazza, announces to
the expectant multitude the election of
the pope, using the form words, conse
crated by Immemorial usage:
"I bring you tidings of great Joy. We
have a pope, the most high and reverend
lord, calling him by name who has taken
upon himself the name of Pius X or Leo
XIV. as the case may be.)
Stormy Scene at St. Peter's.
The people then flock Into St. Peter's to
see the pope and receive his blessing, and
It Is a stirring scene which presents itself
In the noble cathedral when the sover
eign pontiff, clad In the richest vestments
and wearing- the triple tiara, is borne
aloft with all the princes of the church In
his train, through the ranks ot kneeling
worshipers, on whom, with uplifted fin
ger, his holiness bestows his pontifical
benediction. The ceremony of the adora
tion by the cardinals then takes place and
the pope, having put off his pontifical
robes and assumed his ordinary white
vestments with the broad cardinal's hat
and scarlet hood Is carried on the sedla
gestatorla, attended by an escort of the
Noble Guard, to his new apartments in the
Tried to Blackmail Brewers.
ST. LOUIS, July 20. The grand Jury to
day resumed Investigation Into legislative
boodling. William F. Nolker, treasurer of
the St, Louis Brewing Company, stated
before entering the jury-room that when
the beer-tax bill was pending St. Louis
brewers were solicited for a bribe ot $45,000
to defeat the measure. They refused and
the bill passed.