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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, SATURDAY. FEBRUARY 7, 1903.
TRAINMEN WIN' OUT
Advance of Wages Granted
on Southwestern Roads.
OTHERS WILL FOLLOW THE LEAD
lltlmntum Prciiented liy Tralnmeu
and Conclucnr Produce the He
suit All Western mid Northern .
Iluatta 'Will GiicSaiue Terms.
ST. LOUIS. Fell. 6. General Manager
Allen, of the Missouri. Kansas & Texas
Railroad, stated this afternoon that the
dlfTermces between his company and the
trainmen had been settled, and that there
would be no strike.
Grand Master Morrlrtsey. of the Train
men, and AssUtant Chief Garretson, of
the Conductors, after the conference with
the M. K. & T. officials this forenoon.
"Our demands were conceded. The
freight men get an advance of 15 per cent
and the passenger men 124 per cent."
There Is an understanding between the
other four roaiV to which similar demands
were made, that whatever the Missouri,
Karma & Texas did would be accepted as
Indicating the basis on which a general
eittlement with their employes will be
made, thus averting a strike.
The stupendous Interests Involved In
the Missouri, Kanras & Texas settlement
have not been fully realized. Resides af
fecting the four other Southwcet roads,
the Missouri Pacific. Iron Mountain,
Frisco and Cotton Belt. It will be the key
note to the settlement of wage grievances
on every road west of the Mississippi
Committees are now waiting at the head
quarters of the Burlington, the Great
Northern and all other Western and
Northern roads to follow the action in
St. Louie The Katy's settlement will be
the basis of settlement on all these roadV
by agreement already entered Into be
tween the roads and the men.
That the men were fully prepared to
order a strike If the ultimatum had not
been granted Is clear from the tenor of a
statement to the public, which was Issued
by Mr. Morrlssey and Mr. Garretnon Junt
before the conference with the Missouri,
Kansas & Texas officials. In this they
say that the men hady voted" for an In
crease of pay to M per cent and with that
authority at their back, a concession wax
made, the greatcrt that has ever been
made by men similarly situated. This
concession was a reduction of the demand
to IE per cent The Missouri Pacific made
an offer of 112-3 per cent increase and
the Missouri, Kansas & Texas of 114.
The negotiations have been going on 21
days. "During that time." said the ad
dress, "we have heard much of the effect
granting the Increase would have on the
financial future of the railways, but It Is
worth the careful consideration of those
handling the properties what effect a re
fusal Is going to have on the tock values
of the properties Involved. We are not
altogether ignorant of the fact that a
refusal will cause a shrinkage of values
In railway securities In one day that will
more than equal the amount necessary
to meet the Increased cost of operation
Involved for a period of years, and that. If
It should embrace any great extent " of
mileage. Wall Street' will be the proper
place to consult the financial barometer,
and will eerve .as the best corrective that
ha yet been found for the Dollcv of .con
solidation that has been so popular of
late, and for which a legal remedy has
been vainly sought.
"From first to last we have given full
consideration to the righto of others and
of the public, but we cannot accept the
finding that all the obligation lies on us
to conserve the interest! of both the prop
erties Interested and the public, at the
expense of our own. and we propose that
others shall bear their share of the 'white
man's burden.' "
CARS SMASHED AT MONTREAL.
Strike Ushered In With Showers of
Stones nnd Brlclu.
MONTREAL. Feb. 6. Rioting by the
striking employes of the Montreal Street
Railway and their sympathizers started
early today. A car was wrecked less
than two hours after the mass meeting
held after midnight, at which the action
of the union In ordering a general strike
was Indorsed. More than 1000 street rail
way employes attended the meeting, and
an equal number of their friends waited
outside the hall to hear the result of their
deliberations. The news that a general
strike had been declared was received with
cheers and the strikers accompanied by
their friends marched toward the differ
ent car barns shouting and singing.
A targe crowd assembled at the 'head
barn. In Cote street. The word was passed
around that a car was running on one of
the principal streets. A crowd of strikers
and their sympathizers went to meet It.
When the car reached the corner It was
met with a volley of stones. The motor
man was roughly handled and forced to
leave the car. The mob hurled stones and
bricks at the .car, completely wrecking It.
A hurry call was sent for the police. A
patrol wagon was loaded with officers and
dispatched to the scene of the riot, but
before they arrived the crowd had dis
persed and there was no further trouble
at that point. Later a motorman, who
attempted to run cars out of the barn
"was assaulted and so badly Injured that
in all probability he will die.
A majority of the strikers are French
Canadians, and have the sympathy of that
portion of the community. It Is said be
tween 1000 and 1500 men are out.
TENANTS MAY FREEZE.
"While Managers nnd Employes of
UlK Office Building. Quarrel.
CHICAGO, Feb. 6. Tenants In Urge of
fice buildings found considerable incon
venience today owing to the strike of ele
vator conductors who, with Martens, Jani
tors and window-washers, are seeking to
enforce recognition of their unions by the
Building Managers' Association. J"he sup
porting coal teamsters threaten to leave
the buildings in darkness and without
At the conference between the Building
Managers' Association and the represent
atives of the strikers, the former body
offered to arbltate the difference if the
men would return to work. This the
strikers refused to do, declaring that they
have been trying to arbitrate the matter
ior the- past six months without any re
sults and that the difference had now
reached a stage where It could ohly be
adjusted by the Building Managers' As
sociation acceding to all the demands of
The local teamsters have been notified
by their union to top the delivery of coal
at the buildings where the elevator men
are, out. As several of these buildings
have but one day's supply of fuel on hand
they will be without heat and light by
tomorrow night unless the strike ls
CONFERENCE ON COAL SCALE.
Miners and Operators of Central'
States In Joint Sennlon.
INDIANAPOLIS.. Feb. 6. The miners
and operators' Joint scale subcommittee
agiln went Into closed session, today. The
miners' committeemen received discre
tionary power and were relieved of in
structions to Insist on the demands that
the .miners' convention had set forth. The
battle behind closed doors today Is en
tirety over the question of differential, it
was thought todiy that an agreement
would be reached, that n general confer
ence of the TOO miners and operators here
would be Immediately called and on
agreement ratified and signed for another
year for Ohio, Indiana. Illinois and West
cm Pennsylvania by tomorrow night.
STOXE-THUOWlS'G FOR AXSWEK.
Mllltln So Sooner Lfrtch "Whterlinry
Tli nn SIlmilleK Fly.
WATER.BUK.Y. Conn.. Feb. C. Closely
following the departure of the militia
from the city, the disturbances broke out
anew, and early in the cveninir cars re
turning from the outskirts of the city bore
evidences of having been bombarded with
stones. Up to 10:30 the police had re
ceived no reports of any serious outbreak.
About 11 o'clock ltwas reported to police
headquarters that a large crowd had as
sembled In Brookllne and were stoning
COMPANY COMES TO TERMS.
Drmnnilx of Montreal Carmen Are
MONTREAL., Feb. C. The street rail
way strike was settled tonight. The of
ficials of the street railway company
met a committee representing the men
and offered them a 10 per cent advance,
recognition of the union and reinstate
ment of all men discharged for belonging
to the union. A meeting of the men Is
being held to ratify the acceptance of the
terms offered by the company.
Strike nt Arizona Smeltem.
TUCSON, Ariz.. Feb. 6. Five of the big
smelters of the Cananca Copper Com
pany have shut down owing to a strike
on the narrow-gauge railroad which
brings all the ores from the mines to
the smelters. The strike of the railroad
men has been brewing for some months
and the company has been able to keep
the smelters running only by promising
to Increase the wages of engineers from
J3.50 to Jl per day and firemen from S3
to per day. The men demanded the
Increase, the company refused" and the
men went out.
TUCSON. Ariz.. Feb. t The tie-up of
the railroad of the Cananea Copper Com
pany ls complete. Not a single man re
mains at work. The smelters are Idle and
It Is estimated that the cost to the com
pany from failure to run the smelters Is
J15.000 per day.
Operator Get nn Advance.
ST. PAUL. Feb. 6. The Great Northern
has granted a revised schedule to Its
telegraphers, whose committee has been
In conference with officials here since
January 9. The new schedule makes a
number of Increases In wages, amounting
to about J1500 a month for the system, be
sides a number of modifications In the
"Will Advnnce MIncrn' Wairra.
CUMBERLAND. Md.. Feb. 6. Nearly
all of the operators in the Moyersdalc,
Pa., bituminous coal region announce that
a material Increase In the wages to the
miners will be made on April 1. About
2000 men will be affected.
BIG JUDGMENT FOR CUNARD
Conrt Awarda Htm Nearly $2,000,000
Against 111m Counln.
New York Tribune.
Sir Bache Cunard, president of the Cun
ard Line of steamships, recovered a Judg
ment Tuesday, In the Supreme Court,
after an Inquest before Justice Herrick
and a Jury, for J1.S37.700 SI against his
first cousin, Charles G. Francklyn, who
for some years had the management of
bis property in this state.
Mr. Francklyn was 13 years ago in
charge of the property of Sir Bache Qun
ard. who Inherited a large fortune from
his father. Sir Edward Cunard. At that
time Sir Bache complained that Franck
lyn had mismanaged the property and
bad converted large sums to his own use.
He therefore sued Francklyn to recover
S3.O00.00O. The suit was defended by
Francklyn. and the litigation kept drag
ging along for some years, until, on the
eve of Its trial, Francklyn agreed to com
promise tRe case for tl.2D0.O00. Francklyn
was to turn over all his property to ex
Judge Henry E. Howland as trustee for
a period of 10 years, during which Sir
Bache was to receive the profits and re
coup himself to the amount of $1,200,000
under the settlement. Should ho not have
been repaid at the end of that time he
was to bo empowered to sell the property.
He received little or nothing, and insist
ed on the sale of the. property, when It
brought only about JKXO. He then insti
tuted the action for $1,500,000. less the $1000
received by him, which was determined.
Francklyn Interposed an answer, in
which he alleged that the reason the prop
erty had become valueless was on account
of Judge Howland's management, but did
not defend the suit when It was called
for trial yesterday. Evidence having been
given snowing Sir Bache Cunard's claim.
judgment was given for the full amount
claimed, with Interest at the rate of 3
per cent a year, tho total amounting to
the sum for which Justice Herrick gave
President Gntch Celebrate Birthday
PORTLAND, Feb. 5. (To the Editor.)
A few days ago the 70th birthday of
Thomas M. Gatch, president of the Oregon
Agricultural College, occurred, and was
celebrated at Corvallls In a quiet way by
members of the faculty, who spoke of his
career as an educator In this state. It was
observed In a way that suited his lncllna
tlon and disposition. He has attained this
age In the full possession of his mental
and physical 'powers, which give promise
of many more years of usefulness to the
young men and young women of Oreeon.
In 1S59-60 he became connected with the
Willamette University, when Mr. Hoyt
was president. He was then the only in
structor who was a classical scholar of
fine attainments. He was afterwards nrln
dpal of the Portland Academy, and later
wauao presiaeni oi roe iuamette Unl
versify, which position he held for a num.
ber of years, during which that institution
saw Its most Influential and prosperous
times, ue was connected with the Univer.
slty of Washington, which position he re
signed when called to tho chair of the
presidency of the Oregon Agricultural Col
lege. AH over Oregon and Washington are
young men and young women who found
inspiration under the direction of this
Nestor of education, and they will be
pleased to know that he ls still in his
prime. What appeals to the young men
who come under his charge ls the abso
lute unostentatlon of his make-up. He
does nis wont quietly ana effectively, and
his name is rarely ever seen in the pa
pers. and yet It must be said that his 42
years of educational work In the North
west have been years of tho betterment
of every young person who ever came into
contact with him In the college halls. They
will wish him many years more of useful
work, and It is especially pleasing to his
former students that he occupies so Influ
ential a position. L. H. W.
A Proper Rebuke.
A lady who bad a sen-ant somewhat
given to curiosity inquired, on returning
from a visit one afternoon: "Did the
postman leave any letters, Mary?" "Noth
Ing but a postcard, ma'am." "Who ls It
from, JIaryjy "And do you think I'd read
it. ma w said the girl, with an injured
air. "Perhaps not." remarked the mis
tress, "but any one who sends me mes
sages on postcards ls stupid or Imperti
nent." "You will excuse me. ma'am," re
turned the girl, loftllv. "but I
that's a nice way to be talking about your
Board of Trade Officer.
M'MINNVILLE, Or., Feb. 6. Speclal.)
me uoara or xraae met last night and
elected the following officers: President.
C. C. Murton; vice-president, O. O. Hod-
sen: secretary, H. S. ilaloney; treasurer.
j. u. ;cKman.
BOWEN MADE HIM ANGRY
MIS MANNER IRRITATED AMBASSA
Conference on Venezuelan Affair
Lnut Monday "Was Fierce, Hence
Effort to Drue In Rooaevelt.
WASHINGTON. Feb. C Confirmation of
the London dispatch of yesterday to the
effect that Mr. Bowen and the British Am
bassador, at their Interview Monday, had
a somewhat heated argument, was ob
tained here today. Indeed It ls stated tnat
should the character of the cablegrams
that the British Ambassador has been
sending to his government regarding the
attitude of Minister Bowen become pub
lic the country would be furnirfied with
sensational diplomatic Incidents.
It is the opinion of the Venezuela nego
tiators, other than the British Ambassa
dor, that the latter ls directly responsible
for the abrupt breaking off of negotiations
with Mr. Bowen.
It ls the opinion in official circles here
that Minister Bowen has an absolute
right (while acting for Venezuela,' of
course) to object to President Roosevelt's
acting as arbitrator. To do so would
cause pain to Mr. Bowen whose admiration
for Mr. Roosevelt ls well known, but he
feels obliged to keep well In mind the
fact that he ls here not as an American,
but as a representative of Venezuela.
The British Ambassadors conduct has
resulted In several Important details of
the momentous conference of Monday last
leaking out and these are now substan
tiated by the other negotiators present.
It seems that when the British Ambassa
dor, who took the lead at this conference.
had finished reading the cablegram of
Lord Lansdowne containing his lat propo
sition for a 20 and 10 per cent division of
the customs receipts of Porto Cabello and
La Guayra between the allies and the
other claimant nations respectively, Mr.
Bowen at onco remarked In an emphatic
tone that the proposition was but another
scheme to trick Venezuela into abetting
an alliance against her for rfx years and
probably longer. He added that be would
not consent to any scheme for continu
ing the triple alliance one day longer than
he was forced to.
A diplomat stated afterwards:
"It was Mr. Bowen who exploded the
bombshell the moment the proposition was
Charges that Great Britain was endeav
oring secretly to continue her alliance
with Germany were resented by the Brit
ish Ambassador, though he showed no 111
feeling at the conference. After the con
ference It ls said he sent a cablegram to
London stating that he was displeased
with the conduct of Mr. Bowen; and that
If It were left to him to decide he would
not continue negotiations with him. He
expressed to his conferees of the diplo
matic corps the greatest indignation that
an Ambassador from the Court of St.
James should be so treated.
On the other hand, both the Italian Am
bassador and German Minister have taken
occasion to say several times since the
Monday conference that Mr. Bowen has
treated all the negotiators with uniform
courtesy and rmrprislng generosity
throughout the negotiations and only yes
terday both of these diplomats called and
expressed thanks for his consideration of
"Mr. Bowen must stand ud for Vene
zuela," It was explained. "If he did not he
would forfeit our respect."
Another feature of the last 14 hours has
been the receipt of an exceedingly tart
cablegram from Lord Lansdowne at the
British Embassy. The cable. It is said,
went so far as to remind tho British Am
bassador that he was hero to obey orders.
"WILL HASTEN SETTLEMENT:
Arbitration I'lnn nn Advance
Toward Haialnir Blockade.
LONDON. Feb. 6. It'ls officially an
nounced that the allies" offer to submit
the method of treatment of their claims
to arbitration ls a concession which should
facilitate rather than delay a sneedv set
tlement of the Venezuelan affairs. The
allies will raise the blockade as soon as
the protocol embodying the arbitration
agreement ls signed, and will not await
the decision of The Hague court of arbi
tration or that of President Roosevelt.
At the German Embasty it la said that
the blockade should be raised within a
few days. Emphasis continues to be laid
on the contention that the point the allies
now agree to arbitrate is not preferential,
but separate treatment of their claims.
In the event of President Roosevelt de
clining to arbitrate, which seems to be
anticipated, the allies are willing to pre
pare their case ton The Hague court of
arbitration, the outlines of which would
be embodied In the protocol with Vene
zuela, and upon Mr. Bowen paying the
cash promised the protocol would be
signed and the blockade would be with
These statements are all made on the
provisions that the arrangement between
Mr". Bowen and the representatives of the
allies hold good, and that no new comnll
cations arise, such as further demands on
the part of Venezuela. So far as known
here, the only question at Issue ls that of
the treating of the German. British and
Italian claims separately from those of the
other powers, and the allies are now will
lng to leave It to The Hague court of ar
bitration, or to Mr. Roosevelt whether
they are all to share In the 30 per cent of
the customs or whether the other powers
are to receive additional proportions.
It is asserted that Mr. Bowen has made
explanations to Ambassador Herbert
which have removed the friction In that
quarter, and it Is Just possible that re
course to cither The Hague court or Mr
Roosevelt may be avoided even at the last
moment by the representative of th nl.
lies coming to an understanding with Sfr
Bowen himself regarding the separate
treatment of their claims. It ls under
stood that Instructions to this end have
been reiterated from Berlin and London
with the hope of facilitating the procedure.
Von Bnlow Pats III Own Back.
BERLIN, Feb. 6,-Chancellor von Bu
low. reviewing the political situation In
the Reichstag, said:
"I showed sufficiently six years ago that
I am far removed from a policy of adven
ture. The Samoa question was settled to
general satisfaction. We came out of the
Chinese action with undiminished power.
It certainly can be
stated without fear of
c o n t radlctlon that
previous to our an
nouncement of the
Imp ortance of ure
and chronic prostatic
affections aa factors
In weakness of men
that treatment was
Conducted In an im
practicable and un
250 ALDER STREET
In all hofcor and with a strengthened posi
tion In East Asia. In Venezuela we move
on precisely the same lines with England
and Italy, upon the path of thoughtful
ncss. We only want to secure the lives
and property and trade of our peopte
there. In our foreign policy I try to take
the middle course between the left party
and Professor Hasse (the pan-German
leader). I am far from following parish
politics whereby our paths will be under
mined, but I am Just as far from a policy
which would extend our sphere of action
excessively and which would be dependent
upon ebullition of feelings instead of be
ing fixed by the well-considered, plainest
Interests of the German "people."
DcnleH Validity of Bowen' Act.
PARIS, Feb. 6. The correspondent of
the Matin at Caracas telegraphs that a
pamphlet ls being circulated In that city
In which It ls .asserted that the powers
conferred on Minister Bowen by President
Castro are null because of -an article In
the Venezuelan constitution providing
that a representative of Venezuela In such
cases must have an authorization In order
to serve the republic, and the pamphlet
points out that Minister Bowen has no
such authorization. Moreover, according
to the pamphlet, any convention he may
negotiate will be Invalid unless It ls con
firmed by the Venezuelan Congress.
Favor FrnncoVAmerlcnn Alliance.
PARIS, Feb. 6. Marquis of Castel-
lane, the father of Count Bonl de Castel
lane, has an article in the Eclalre this
morning In which he advocates an alli
ance between the United States and
France with the object of keeping Ger
many and the rest of Europe out of South
America. The writer asserts that such an
alliance would place the Monroe Doctrine
In shelter from all attack without costing
a drop of blood.
No Bar to a Settlement.
LONDON, Feb. 6. At the Foreign Office
here tonight It was said the officials re
garded the Herbert-Bowen Incident as
closed, and that they did not consider it
to be the slightest bar to a satisfactory
solution of the Venezuelan question.
A Few Fact About Upland Game,
Shooter, Gnnte Law, Etc.
HALSEY. Or., Feb. 4. (To the Editor.)
Mongolian pheasants are scarcer than
usual in the Ulamette Valley. How can
they be made more plentiful? There are
several ways by which the number can be.
Increased. First, make a closed season of
the present year; second, prohibit hunting
with dogs; third, open season to begin the
ISth day of October, closed 13th day of No
vember, and allow no hens to be killed
the last 15 days of the open season. Allow
the sale of cock birds during the 15 days
of November. The last proposition Is the
most feasible of all.
The Oregon Fish and Game Association
has a scheme which. If It becomes a law
will make a closed season necessary two
years hence. Its plan Is as follows: Open
season for upland birds to begin Septem
ber 15. closed November 1. Prohibit the
sale at all times. Appropriation of $10,000.
Bounty on crows and cougars. '
Why do they want to begin slaughtering
the birds September 15? The claim has
been made that they cannot kill enough
game. That, after the 1st of October the'
birds are wild and hard to kllL That they
do not get their share, etc Let us see
how this ls g.olng to work. Birds are
scarce enough now. Would it make them
more plentiful to begin the shooting be
fore the birds are half-grown? Don't
these men know that half-grown birds
haven't sense enough to get out of the
way? Don t they know that city shooters,
as a rule, pay no attention to the limit,
but kill all they can In a day? More birds
would be killed during the 15 days of Sep
tember than could be killed In tho whole
month of October. This being the case.
It will not do' to allow any shooting In
September. Now, about the $10,000 appro
priation and the bounty on crows and
cougars. Who Is going to put up the
money for all this. Why, tho people, of
course7 Are the people to get the benefit
of this tax? Oh. no: Just the shooters and
their few friends. The plan Is to make It
a crime for the people to buy a few
mouthfuls of game they cannot kill.
Make It a crime for the farmers to sell a
few birds which live, at their expense.
Tax the people to make sport for tho
shooters. Rob Peter to pay Paul. Who
docs not see that this ls a game-hog prop
osition? Such a scheme hasn't even the
semblance of fairness. Why does this
august body want to beat the people out
of the right to buy a little of the game
they cannot kill? Well, they claim that
the sale will exterminate It. If this Is
true, we will expect to find game very
scarce In localities where It has been sold,
and plentiful where it has been killed for
MILLIONS use Cuticura Soap, as
sisted by Cuticura Ointment, for
preserving, purifying and beautifying the
skin, for cleansing the scalp. and the stop
ping of falling hair, for softening, whitening
and soothing red, rough and sore hands,
for baby rashes, itching and chafings, and
for all purposes of the toilet, bath and
nursery. Millions of Women use Cuticura
Sow in baths for annoving irritations and
inflammations, in washes for ulcerative
perspiration, weaknesses, and for many
sanative, antiseptic purposes which readily
suggest themselves. Sold everywhere.
A phrtlcian 1 not
entitled to his fee In
advance. We are the
only specialist in the
West who conduct
buiinesi on t h e
NOT A DOLLAR
UNTIL A CURE
This 1 not limited
In time or condition
al In character.
tion given to Varico
cele. Stricture. Rup
ture. Pile.. Hydro
Blood Dlteases and
Acute and Chronic
Urethral and Prostat
ic Inflammation. Col
ored Chart of the or
gans tent tecurelr
realtd free on application.
sport only. The reverse of this Is true. !
as the following will prove. Mr. Qulmby.
in nis third annual report U Deueve u
was), informed the public that between
5000 and 6000 upland birds were marketed
In Portland during the last 15 days of No
vember, 1901. He told us that about half
this number were native pheasants and
grouse. He further said that nearly all
of this game came from Linn and Lane
Counties. Let us allow that 3000 Mon
golian pheasants were marketed. Ofthls
number over 1400 were shipped from Hal
sey, and between 1100 and HOO were
shipped from Shedd. About 1600 all told
from these two points. None at all were
shipped from Albany, so I have been told
by Albany sportsmen. So, according to
the sportsman theory, this kind of game
should have been plentiful in the vicinity
of Albany and scarce In Halsey and Shedd
precinct. Was this the case? No: Just
the reverse. I was at Albany October
S. 1002. and talked with a number of
sportsmen. They reported game very
scarce. One of them told me that he had
hunted all day October 2 and killed two
birds only. How was It In Halsey 'and
Shedd precinct, where there are more
market hunters than any place In the Val
ley. Birds were plentiful. Four to one
compared with the vicinity of Albany. Al
most every shooter who came here car
ried away a large bag of game. About
the 12th of October, 130?. Captain Riley
and son. of Portland, came to Halsey pre
cinct and took one day's hunt on the
farms of two market hunters. Did they
find the game scarce? On the contrary. It
was quite plentiful. More so than the
year previous. Captain Riley had hunted
over the same land the year before. Why
was It plentiful? Simply because those
farmers protected the game during the
closed season, and killed very little till
the selling season arrived. By the 15th of
November (selling season begins) the
birds are full-grown and very wild. They
have got onto the racket of being shot at.
and don't want to bo killed. And no one
can kill very many In one day.
The scheme proposed by the Fish and
Game Association. If It becomes a law.
will not protect our upland came. It also
Ignores the doctrine of equal rights. Two
very serious faults. It reminds one of the
Irishman's horse. The horse had Just two
faults. First, he was hard to catch: sec
ond, he wasn't worth a d after you
caught him. Upon Investigation, I find
that about 963 upland birds were shipped
from Halsey to market last year. This is
the amount killed by 75 gunners, and
makes an average of less than 13 birds to
the shooter. Less than one bird per day
to the gunners for the 15 days in which
they could be legally sold. This ls the
slaughter that the would-be sportsmen of
the cities are howling about. Would the
shooters of this vicinity have killed less
If the sale had been prohibited? Most as
suredly not. It ls safe to say that more
than this amount would have been killed
out of season. The real slaughter of the
birds does not take place during the sell
ing season, but during the first 15 days of
the open season. Hold on: I will prove
this: How many upland birds arc killed
per year In the Willamette Valley? I
have talked with city sportsmen, who
have put It at from 75,000 to 100.000. Let
us say SO.CO for the year 190L Now then,
less than 6000 were marketed In Portland,
and possibly 1000 were sold elsewhere In
1901. Call It SCO) all told. Deduct 000 from
50.000. and we have 12.000 left- The amount
killed for the market was a trifle com
pared with the total killed for that year.
Now where Is the sense In saying that 15
days' sale will exterminate our upland
birds? But the birds are much scarcer
than two years ago. What ls the cause?
The weather during tho season of 1W0 was
very favorable, and I am safe In saying
that the crop of Chinese pheasants that
year averaged 10 birds per hen. In 1901
weather conditions were very bad. and the
average wns not three birds per hen. Last
year was almost as bad. Two short crops
In succession. Too many birds were
killed during the 45 days preceding the
selling season. There you have It. About
40 per cent of the farmers of this precinct
begin killing the upland birds by the 1st
of July. They excuse themselves by say
ing that they do not sell any and kill on
their own land. Suppose we all kill out
of season; 'what will the result be? They
will always be scarce. Well, this will be
the result If the Fish and Game Associa
tion has Its way. Ninety-nine per cent of
the farmers feel as though they, and they
only, have a right to the gamo on their
land, and no amount of legislation or
logic can convince them of anything else.
The proposition of the Fish and Game As
sociation to protect geese after February
does not suit the farmers of this valley.
Geese work on our wheat until about
April 1. The season should close about
this time. A great many geese nest In
the counties of Harney. Lake and Kla
math, and they should be protected from
April 1 to September 1. As to ducks, they
should be protected from February 15 to
October 1. And the limit should be 25 per
day or 75 per week to the gunner. Wood
ducks are rapidly disappearing, and in a
few years will become extinct, unless they
NLl,ITfnr.- ",'., .Tin 1..,7-.i.f-lJ- ".r 1. ,, r- ., ... ... .-v.- (tg8)
v .'IaTI iS; ih the front of everv nack- N "--T'l
?0"i--'O age. In order to get its Otft rW,"
,V7sV?. J fV-. vSA beneficial effects it is al- A J OviO
U A ways necessary to buy CJ, AWfe Z&
"A nickel for
We keep right on getting fifteen cents a
package for H-O because people know
what H-O is. They know
that it must cost more to make
an oatmeal as
and that even
it is worth the
are given more protection than the pres
ent law affords. Suppose the Fish and '
Game Association gets the law Its way;
how Is It going to get any shooting. I. e.,
allowing that the farmers adhere strictly
to the law? Every year some of them
come here and pay the farmers 10 cents
apiece for birds. Isn't It Just as much a
violation of the law to sell the birds to the
sportsmen, and they do the shooting, as
for the farmers to do the killing and sell
direct to the consumer? On the 1st day
of October. ISM, I met a party of hunters
from Portland. They were having a hard
time In finding hunting ground. One of
them had a letter of Introduction from
the State Game Warden, nsklng me to
show them some good hunting ground. I
named several places where I thought
they might get to hunt, but I remarked,
"You will have to pay for the birds." The
gentleman refilled, "Certainly, we are will
ing to pay all the birds are worth." Now.
please note this fact. This man had spent
time and money to secure a law making
it a crime to sell upland game. Yet here
he was trying to help tho farmer violate
the game law. This man was a prominent
member of the Oregon Fish and Game As
sociation. Comment is unnecessary
Perhaps I ought to say that, while I am
In favor of the sale of all kinds of our
game, provided we allow It to be killed,
yet last year I did not sell any upland
birds: It was my Intention to market two
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also to our original method of manufacture and as you value the health of
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price is the
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or thrco dozen Mongolian pheasants.
When tho selling season arrived, I con
cluded that they were already scarce
er.ough, so I went to several of my neigh
bors, whose ranches Joined my own, and
said to them as follows: "Birds ara to
scarce to sell: let us Join hands and keep)
off market hunters." They answered:
"How are you going to do It?" I replied:
"Let me post the farms, and I will ask
the boys to stay off." Well. I did so, and
the boys all. answered: "That Is a good
scheme, and we will let the game alone on
thoso farms." The shooting drove more
birds on to our grounds, which stayed
there. The result ls that the Mongolian
pheasants are quite plentiful on a few
ranches here; the only bad feature Is that
there are about three cock birds to one
hen. According to my observation, this ls
true all over the country.
On the game preserves of Europe 'some
years nothing ls allowed to be killed ex
cept cock birds; they claim that one cock
bird to four or five hens ls plenty. .For
this reason we would say, for the next
two years allow no hens to be marketed!
and also allow none to be killed the last
half of the shooting season. I would like
to say a great deal' more, but I do not
wish to trespass on the good na
ture of the editor. For the ample pro t ca
tion of our fish anj same, and what Is of
equal Importance, equal rights to all, I anr
T. A. POWELL.
Over 30 Years.
MURRAY STRCCT NIW YORK CITY.
CO. is printed on