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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. XLIIL XO. 13,155.
PORTLAND, OREGON, MONDAY. FEBRUARY 9, 1903.
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sUuFPT Tn nHTU
UIILI I I U ULIII II
Thousand Lives Lost in
South Sea Islands.
TIDAL WAYE OVER THE LAND
Washed Out Trees in Which
People Took Refuge.
MUCH PROPERTY DESTROYED
French Hrtve Taken Meminreii to Re
lieve SnfterlnR of the Destitute
Survtom of Their Socth
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 8. News of a
fearful loss of life In a destructive sind
storm that swept over the South Sea
Islands last month, reached here today
on the steamer Mariposa direct from Ta
hiti. The loss of life is estimated at 1000
On January 13 last a huge tidal wave
accompanied by a terrific hurricane at
tacked the Society Islands and the Tua-
motu group with fearful force, causing
deaths and devastation never before
equalled in a land of dreaded storms.
The storm reigned several days, reach
ing its maximum strength between Jan
uary 11 and January 16. From the meager
advices received at Tahiti up to the Ume
of the sailing of the Mariposa it Is es
timated that at least 1000 of the island
inhabitants lost their lives. It Is feared
that later advices will add to the long list.
The first news of the disaster arrived
at Papeete, Tahiti. January 2C on the
schooner Elmeo. The captain of the
schooner placed the fatalities at SCO. The
steamer Excelsior arrived at Papeete the
following day with 409 destitute survivors.
The captain of the Excelsior estimated
the loss of life to be S09. These figures
comprised only the deaths on the three
Islands of Hao, HIkuera and Makokau,
whose ordinary population ls 1800. On
Hlkuera Island, where 1000 Inhabitants
-were engaged la pearl diving, nearly one-
halt were drowned. On an adjicent Island
100 more were washed oli$ to sei. Make
kau and Hao are depopulated.
Conservative estimates at Tahiti pi ice
the number of Islands visited by the tidal
wave and hurricane at SO. All of them
are under the control of the French Gov
ernor at Tahiti. The surviving Inhabit
ants are left destitute of food, shelter
and clothing, all having been swept away
by the storm.
The French government, upon receipt
of news of the disaster, took prompt
measures to relieve the distressed dis
trict and dispatched two warships, the
Duranee and Zelee, with fresh water and
provisions. The Italian man-of-war Cala
bria, accompanied the two French ves
sels on their errand of mercy. As the
supply of fresh water and provisions was
totally exhausted by the storm it is
feared that many lives will be lost be
fore the relief ships' arrive.
As tar as Is known eight white people
were among the drowned. Included
among these were: Alexander Brander,
N. P. Plunkett; of Oakland; T. Donnelly,
formerly a fireman on the steamship Aus
tralia, and the locil agent of C. Coppen
rath, a merchant of Papeete. Added to
this number Is an unknown woman, who
committed suicide from fright.
As the Islands were barely 30 feet
above sea level and not surrounded by
coral reefs. It was necessary for. all the
Inhabitants to take to the cocoanut trees
when the tidal waves began to cover the
land. These trees grow to an Immense
height, many reaching an altitude of 100
feet. All of the lower trees were covered
by the raging seas which swept with plU
less force about and over them. The na.
Uve In the taller trees were safe unUl
the cocoanut roots gave way and then
they too, were swept onward, far out
Into the sei.
The 400 survivors brought by the Excel
sior to Papeete gained the ship's side by
swimming three to four miles, from the
tops of cocoanut trees. The Elmeo,
though badly disabled by the storm, also
brought off as many persons as could
swim to her sides, she, like the Excel
sior, being unable to run close to the
shores, because of the fearful violence
of the ocean swells, which continued to
run abnormally high for a week after the
Another schooner, the Gaulolse, from
the Marquesas Islands, COO miles from
Tahiti, encountered the hurricane while
en route to the latter place and only the
timely action of the captain In hiving the
cargo, consisting of SO head of cattle, 33
pigs and 30 tons of cotton, jettisoned.
caved the little craft from destruction
Even with this precaution the life of
one man was lost by waves sweeping the
One of the many acts of heroism re
ported Is that of a woman who climbed
one of the tall cocoanut trees and lashed
her little babe to tfie branches, hanging
on to the body of the tree beneath the
litUe one as best she could. There they
remained for ten hours, suffering great
torture unUl finally' rescued.
Thousands of tons of copra and over
300 tons of mother-of-pearl shells are
known to be lost. The pearl shells are
valued at 31800 per ton and many valu
able pearls may now be lost to the world
forever, as these were considered some of
the best pearl Islands In the world.
Among the passengers on the Mariposa
today was G. W. Waterbury. formerly of
Chicago, who was In that portion of the
storm which visited the Island -of Rolitea,
one of the Leeward Islands, located some
distance to the west of the Ill-fated Pua
motu. Here much damage, was done, oj
though no lives were lost. A well-built
road, constructed by the French govern
ment at considerable expense, was de
molished, bridges were carried away,
buildings overturned and shattered and
pieces of big ships, old wreckage and
cocoanut trees heaped high along the
storm which visited the Island of Raitea
stated the storm to be the worst they had
ever seen. Returning to Tahiti the little
schooner upon which he sailed was al
most swamped by the; high seis and a
waterspout came near to the boat at one
Plnnket an Oakland Man.
OAKLAND, CaL, Feb. 8. Nathan P.
Flunkett, who is reported to be among the
victims of the tidal wave In the Tahiti
Islands, was the son of Mrs. Ellen
Plunkett, of this city, widow of a former
member of the Board of Supervisors. He
was well known in Oakland, where he
was born and reared. Two years ago he
sailed for South America and has since
indulged his natural Inclination to rove
by visiting nearly every country In the
world. He was 23 years of age.
URIBE-URIBE SELF SLAIN
Possibility of Trouble Over Panama
KINGSTON. Jamaica. Feb. 8. The Brit
ish steamer Para, which arrived here to
day from Colon, brlngd news of the suicide
on January 30. of the former Colombian
revolutionary General, Uribe-Urlbe.
General Uribe-Urlbe published a letter
December 12, advising Colombia to await
the lapsing of the Panama concession in
1KM, which would leave the Colombian
government a free, hand In the matter of
the canal. The reports brought by tho
Para Indicate the possibility of another
revolution In opposition to the Panama
Cnnnc. Surprise in Washington.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 8. The report that
General Uribe-Urlbe had committed sui
cide causes considerable surprise here. Af
ter hto surrender to the Colombian au
thorities, he performed valuable services
for the Colombian government. Inducing
various guerilla chieftains to Resist In
their opposition to the government and to
surrender. Subsequently he went to Bo
gota and was cordially received. He was
less than 40 years of age, was a brilliant
fighter, and was long a thorn in the side
Colombian officials here also are sur
prised and grieved at reports of a threat
ened revolution In Colombia. Dr. Her
ron. the Charge d' Affaires of Colombia In
Washington, says he can conceive of no
reason why there should be a revolution
ary movement. He said he cannot real
ize how It can be on account of the Pan
ama Canal negotiations, as the treaty pro
viding for that waterway has not been
ratified by the American Senate, much
less by the Colombian Congress, which
has not yet been elected.
INTERESTED IN SILVER.
Me.ilco Pleased at Friendly Attitude
of United State.
MEXICO CITY. Feb. i There la mat
interest taken here in the activity of the
American Government on behalf of sil
ver and President Roosevelt's ready will
ingness to aid in the solution of a prob
lem of such vital Importance to this coun
try. The attitude of tho American Gov
ernment Is considered most friendly.
The monetary commission to study the
silver question here is a local measure
which attracts favorable attcnUon. Not
for many years has such a representative
body of banking, industrial and commer
cial experts been convened, and It Is be
lieved to augur much good In bringing
about a better popular understanding here
of the underlying llfncultlea attending tho
settlement of this complicated matter.
The government has won praise by its
Judicious action, for now it Is seen it
proposes to act only on advices from the
One of the questions of greatest Dres-
cnt Interest and one which the commis
sion will investigate is the present quan
tity oi silver money in the country. Not
withstanding many banks have come into
existence, It Is pointed out by Finance
Minister Llmantour that it Is still the
custom In many parts of the country
amor g merchants and wealthy private
persons to Keep large amounts of coined
silver in private safes. An effort will be
made to ascertain tho amount of cur
tency, both metallic and paper, which the
country requires for Its business.
Quiet at TVaterbary.
WATERBURT, Cann., Feb. 8. Today.
the beginning of the fifth week of the
strike of the troileymen employed by the
Connecticut Hallway & Lighting Com
pany, was very quiet and no violence
was reported In any of the districts dur
ing the day. A light snow fell, which
soon changed to a heavy downpour of
rain and this aided materially In keeping
the people from the streets. The cars of
the company were started out at tho
regular hour and were run throughout
the day without being molested.
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPER.
One thousand South Sea Islander wen lost in
tloal vrave which devastated SO 1. lands.
Bolivia consents to Brazilian occupation of Acre
until the dlaput is definitely settled. Pace 2.
Much progress was made yesterday toward set
ting the terms of the Venezuelan protocols,
Trade commission says Britain would likely
pay lamine prices lor Dreaa in case of war.
General Uribe-Urlbe. lately In rebellion against
Colombia, committed suicide. Page L.
Quay's Insistence upon the omnibus statehood
bill Is likely to crowd over meritorious meas
ures. Page 2.
Status of trust bills now In Congress. Page 2.
A strike is imminent In ail the passenger ele
vators oi cnicago. I'age 3.
Earthquakes were reported yesterday from
points In Missouri. Kentucky and Indiana.
Hunters of Lyons, who killed Sheriff Withers.
la Lane County, expect to capture their man
this morning. Page X
Crippled Oregon girl and large property said to
nave been spirited away to Wyoming.
There Is a strong more for reconsideration of
tne vote 6y which the Crolsan direct noml
nation bill was defeated at Salem. Page 2.
Idaho Legislature will probably pass a bill for
a railroad commissioner with large power.
i'age 3. ,
Portland and Vicinity.
War between rival salmon-packing organiza
tions reaches. Portland. Page 12.
General O. O. Howard says war is obsolete.
Open river committee of Chamber of Commerce
goes to Balem this morning to advocate pas
sage of ulna DHL Page 1.
Prominent business man of Utah tells why
Smoot was 'sent to United State Senate.
Portland Committee to
Push Ginn Bill.
THEY GO TO SALEM TODAY
How Opposition Argument
Will Be Met.
PORTAGE RAILROAD FAVORED
EaKtern Oregon Asks the Same Con
sideration That Wan Given to the
Willamette Valley Thirty
three Years Ago,
The open river committee of the Cham
ber of Commerce, composed of Henry
Halin. L. A. Lewis, E. E. Lytle and E.
T. Williams, will go to Salem this morn
ing to advocate the passage of Represen
tative Ginn's bill, appropriating 3165.000
for The Daltes-Celllo portage railroad,
which will come up in the House as a
special order at 2 o'clock this afternoon.
The committee Is well prepared for Its
work, as the Ginn bill has been officially
indorsed by the Chamber of Commerce
and the Board of Trade, of Portland, and
certified copies of the resolutions adopted
by those organizations have been mailed
to the champions of the measure and -to
President Browncll, of the Senate, and
Speaker Harris, of the House. In ad
dition Mr. Hahn and his associates will
present to the Legislature a petition of
the business men of Portland favoring the
Ginn bill, also resolutions adopted by
the Portland Federated Trades Council.
To The Oregonian Mr. Hahn said yes
"Our committee goes to Salem with a
fund of information that will enable It
to meet any objection that may be raised
against the Ginn bill. If It is pointed
out that the Federal Government is about
to Improve the Columbia between The
Dalles and Celilo. the committee will an-
swex that the Government put In 20 years
at the Cascades, and that the canal, and
locks at that point 'would nol.be completed
yet If the State of Oregon had not built
a portage railroad In 1S9L I think that
the principal objection will be that the
entire, state should not be called upon to
foot the bill for Improvement that chiefly
concerns Eastern Oregon and Portland.
To this the committee will answer that
the Legislature, by act approved October
21. 1ST0, Issued 3200,000 gold bonds, bear
ing 7 per cent Interest, to the Willamette
Falls Canal & Lock Company for the
building of the Oregon City locks. The
argument used in favor of this bill in 1S70
is the same that Is now being advanced
In behalf of the Ginn bill that the ob
structions to free navigation should be
removed and freights should be cheapened.
The law of 1S70 directly affected the pro
ducers of certain Western Oregon coun
ties, and the merchants of Portland, an
aggregate population of not quite' 57,000.
To bring relief to these people the state
readily pledged Its faith to pay the Wil
lamette Falls Company 33)0.000. The Ginn
bill directly affects the producers and
merchants of the counties east of the
Cascades, and of Multnomah County, rep
resenting a .population, according to the
census of. 1900. of 203.422. In 1300 Eastern
Oregon bad nearly double the copulation
that the district affected by the opening
of the Oregon City locks had In 1S70. The
same was true of Multnomah County. In
1900 Multnomah. County had more people
than the enure state had In 1S70. In
1900 Eastern Oregon had more population
by 15.000 than the entire state had in 1ST0.
Oregcn could better afford to give 31,000,-
000 for a canal and locks at Oregon City
now than It could to give 3200.000 In 1S70,
In 1ST0 the taxable valuation of property
In Oregon was 329,5S7,S48, wfoereas it is now
between 3113.000.)00 and 3150.000.000.
'One other comparison will show the
larger Interest concerned In The Dalles
Celilo improvement compared with the
Oregon City locks In 1870. The counties
that were directly benefited by the Ore
con City locks produced In 1S70 a little
less than 2.000,000 bushels of wheat- The
counties that will be directly benented
by Tho Dalles-Celllo Improvement pro
duced 7.117,450 bushels of wheat In 1900.
In other cereals. In wool and cattle, the
comparison Is equally favorable to the re
gion to be benefited by The Dalles-Celllo
Improvement. A saving to the farmers
of 1 cent a bushel on the 7,117.10 bushels
of wheat raised In Eastern Oregon In 1S00
would pay for the portage railroad in a
little over two years, while a saving of 2
cents a bushel would pay for the road in
a little over one year. Umatilla County
alone could pay for the portage railroad
In less than three years. In 1900 this
county raised, according to the census,
3.212.120 bushels of wheat. A saving of
2, cents a bushel would save the farmers
over 3S4.O00 a year, and in three years
nearly 3193,000. which would be J2S.000
more than the cost of the road.
Petition of Portland Banlnens Houses
The1 petlUon of the merchants of Port
land Is supplemental to the action of the
Portland commercial organizations. It
contains the names of 100 leading mer
chants, bankers, shippers, etc., and is In
tended to show the sentiment of the busi
ness interests of Portland in regard to the
portage road. It follows:
Portland, Or.. Feb. 5. To the Members of the
Multnomah Delegation of the Legislative As
sembly of the State of Oregon: we. the under
signed merchants of Portland, respectfully re
quest you to give your earnest support to the
bill introduced by Kepresentauve k. j. uinn.
Drovldlng for the construction of a. state port
sjre railroad between The Dalles and Celilo and
appropriating 3105,000 therefor. The. building
of this portage railroad wouia open to conun
uous navigation 510 miles of water on the Co
lumbia and Snake Rivers and save our mer
chants and producers 31.500,000 annually in
froirht ehanrrs. It would mean the opening
of the Inland Empire on a large scale ahd the
marketing of its products at Portland. In our
iudement. a portage railroad between The
Dalles and Celilo Is essential to the commercial
orestlge of Portland and to the proper develop
ment of our tributary traoe neia. Action By
the State of Oregon is urgent, as It will be
many years before the Government of the
United States will complete Its proposed locks
and canal to overcome the obstructions in the
Columbia between Tho Dalles and Celilo:
Closset & Devers. The Oregon "Water Pow-
Wadhams & Kerr Bros, er & Hallway Co.
Wadhants & Co. Pacific Electric Co.
Bl-ihop & Co. Fairbanks. Morse & Co.
Allen & Lewis John A. Roebllng's
Fleischner. Mayer & Sons Co.
Co. C. H. Crocker Co.
Lip man. Wolfe & Co. The Geo. Lawrence Co.
Samuel. waiuornia z-owaer
F. A. Jones. Works.
The Breyman Leather Graton & Knlgbt Mfg.
Co. ' Co.
F. B. Dallam & Co. Crofut. McAyeal & Co.
W. P. Fuller & Co. Northwestern Transfer
W. II. MeUonles & Co. Co.
llolman Transfer Co. Tatum & Bowen.
M. Seller & Co. Lang & Co-
Acme Mills Co. Rothchild Bros.
Willamette Columbia W. C. Noon Bag Co.
River Towing Co. crane & Co.
Pacific Paper Co. Brown & McCabe.
Bell & Co. J. A. Brown.
Franklin & Co. The J. McCraken Co.
P. Johnson & Co. J. EL Haseltlne & Co.
Everdlng Farrell. Mason-En rman & Co.
The P. J. Cronln Co. Ladd & Ttlton.
Malarkey & Co.. Inc. W. J. Van Schuyver &
Flsher-Thorsen & Co. Co.
Columbia River & Pu- O. P. Rummelln & Sons
get Sound Nav. Co. Loewenbere & Golnz
Portland implement Co. Co.
iiann uros. tioneyman a aicuriae.
Heilbron & Co. Columbia River North-
Albers & Schneider Co. em R. 11. Co.
G radon & Koehler. H. C. Campbell.
The Irwin-Hodson Co. Pacific Brldce Co.
Oregon Furniture Mfg. George W. Simons.
Co. City & Suburban R. R.
F. R. Chown. Co.
Mitchell, Lewis & Sta- C. F. Swijrert.
ver Dalles, Portland & As-
II. B. Edwards torla Navigation Co.
The Ira F. Powers Mfg.McAllen & McDonnell.
(jo. rne . a. Gordon Co.
Henry Jennings & Sons. Tort land Grain Co.
I. Gevurtz & Sons. Balfour, Guthrl- & Co.
Lewis & Stenger Bar-The Oregon Mortgage
bers' Supply Co. Co.. Ltd.
Adolph A. Dekum. R. Livingstone.
Glaus & Prudhomme. Portland Flouring Mills
Security Saltings & Co.
Trust Co. Kerr. Glfford & Co.
The Edward Holman Northwestern Ware-
Undertaking Co. house Co.
Portland Gas Co. Pacific Coast Elevator
Portland Trust Co.. of Co.
Oregon. Ilartman. Thompson &
. C Alnsworth. Trust Co.
Merchants" National Powers Title Guaran-
Rank. tee & Trust Co.
Wells.. Fargo & Co. Blumauer-Frank Drug
Canadian Bank of Corn-Woodard. Clarke & Co.
merce. Honcyman Hardware
Portland Railway Co. Co.
Hammond Mfg. Co.
Indnrned by Federated Trade.
The resolutions of the Federated Trades
Council on February 26 are signed by Sec
retary Lawton and. are sealed with the
seal of the organization. They follow:
Whereas, The overcoming of the obstructions
between The Dalles and Celilo would open to
continuous navigation MO miles of water on
the Columbia, and Snake Rivers, thus affording
transportation to communities that are without
such facilities, and affording competition by
water to other communities that are now whol
ly dependent upon railroad transportation to
market the produce of their farms and to route
their purchases of merchandise:
Whereas, The building of a portage railroad
between The Dalles and Celilo would act as a
regulator of rates on produce and merchandise
and cause such reduction In charges as would
annually save our merchants and producers an
amount estimated at 31.SO0.0O0:
Whereas. There Is now pending In the Legis
lative Assembly of the State of Oregon a bill
Introduced by Representative Ginn, providing
for the building of a state portage railroad be
tween The Dalles and Celilo and appropriating
31GS.000 for such purpose;
whereas. Said Ginn bill has been officially
Indorsed by the Chamber of Commerce and the
Board of Trade, the leading commercial organ
izations of the City of Portland, and a petition
favoring Its enactment Into law haa been nu
merously signed by the large mercantile houses,
banks and taxpayers of the City of Portland:
Whereas. The building of a portage railroad
between The Dalles and. Celilo would be of un
told benefit to labor, as It would develop the
Inland counties and causa Increased demand
for all classes of labor:
Resolved. That the Portland Federated Trades
Council heartily Indorses said bill as Introduced
by Representative Ginn. and urges that It be
enacted into law at the earliest practicable mo
Resolved, further. That the members of the
Legislature from Multnomah County be. and
they are hereby respectfully requested to give
their earnest support to the portage railroad
bill Introduced by Representative Ginn, and
that they use all honorable means to effect Its
early enactment Into law;
Resolved, further. That copies of this resolu
tion be mailed at once to the President of the
Senate, to the Speaker of the Bouse, to Repre
sentative R. J. Ginn. to State Senator T. H.
Johnston, and to every member of the Multno
mah delegation In the Senate and House.
EARTHQUAKE AT ST. LOUIS
Seismic Disturbance at Various
Point In SllssisalppI Valley.
ST. LOUIS. Feb. 8. Two distinct earth
quake shocks were felt in St. Louis and
vicinity between 6:20 and 6:25 o clocK to
night. The first shock was of almost 20
seconds' duration arid while it was not so
distinctly felt immediately In St- Louis,
in the western suburban towns and In Al
ton. Belleville. Edwardsvlllo and other
near-by townsjn .Illinois. It wa3 sufficient
ly lorceiui 10 rame uisiira mm oniufi
doors. The second shock followed within
two minutes and was slight and of short
duration. Both shocks were from south
east to southwest.
Home Rattle in Kentucky.
LOUISVILLE. Feb. 8. A slight earth
quake shock was felt here at about 6:15
o'clock tonight. The vibrations caused
windows to rattle, but no damage waS
PADUCAH. Ky., Feb. 8. A slight earth
quake shock occurred here about 8:45
P. M. No damage was done and the dura
tion of the vibrations was very brief.
OWENSBORO, Ky., Feb. 8. A distinct
earthquake shock was felt here at 6:45
tonight. Pictures were shaken from the
walls and tables in the second stories of
CLOVERPORT. Ky., Feb. 8. An earth
quake shock occurred here about 8:4o
o'clock tonight. No damage was done.
Xeiv Kind of Shake for Indiana.
EVANSVILLE, Ind.. Feb. 8. Earth
quake shocks were reported throughout
Indiana, as well as here about 6:30 to
night. At Baptisttown some of the col
ored, people fell to their knees In prayer
drulng their fright.
GREEN CASTLE, Ind.. Feb. 8. Earth
nnnVf. shnrka caused some excitement
here about 6:30 tonight, but no damage
TERRE HAUTE. Ind.. Feb. 8. Doors
and windows .were shaken here at about
6:30 o'clock this evening by a slight earth
SHIP CANAL POSSIBLE.
Xew Vne May Be Made of Xevr York
ALBANY, tf. Y.. Feb. 8. Tfio question
of the possibility of practically ceding a.
small portion of the trie canal to the
United States Government tor ship canal
purposes, in spite of the prohibition of
the state legislation, la answered in the
afflrmaUva by Attorney-General Cun
neen In an open letter forwarded to Ma
jor Thomas W. Symons, head of the
United States Engineer Corps for the
Buffalo District. The quesUon arises in
connection with the plan of constructing
a deep ship canal from the headwaters of
Niagara River to the navigable parts far
ther down stream. The letter clears away
many obstacles that appeared to be In
surmountable, and, assures the saving of
both money and ume.
Wording of Venezuelan
CREAT BRITAIN IS FAIR
Italy Seeks to Introduce
DIPLOMATS HAVE BUSY SUNDAY
Possibility That Uunlllcd Claimants
31ny Heip Venezuela Par the Ex
pense of Trial Before The
WASHINGTON, Eeb. S. The representa
tives of the allies here are busily engaged
in the preparation of the protocol which
they are to sign with Mr. Bowen. Ven
ezuela's representative, for reference to
The Hague of the question whether tho
blockading powers shall be entitled to
preferential treatment In the settlement
of their claims. The blockade will bo
raised when tho protocols are signed.
They are In constant communication with
their governments on this subject, and
are anxious to cover every detail which
should be comprised In an Instrument of
this character. Mr. Bowen also Is anx
ious that the protocols shall be Identical,
so far as this may be practicable, and he'
Is directing his efforts to that end, and
nl.so that they shall be signed on the same
'Minister Bowen was In communication
with the English and Italian Ambassa
dors and the German Ambassador today.
He saw Sir Michael Herbert at the lat
trrs home, the Ambassador still having
a disagreeable cold.
From the Instructions he has received
Ambassador Herbert, has presented the
draft of a protocol which he submitted
to Minister Bowen. It Is the first of the
three protocols which have-been prepared
and the manner in which it was drawn
was" very satisfactory to Venezuela's rep
resentative. Nothing seriously objection
able had been Inserted in Its provisions,
and the Minister found only one or two
places wiiere'he felt called on to suggest
an changes. He Is convinced that the
Ambassador is making every effort to
bring the vexatious matters to a close.
and to arrange a.' protocol which will be
The Italian Ambassador was at Mr.
Bowen's apartments on two occasions
today with reference to the terms of the
protocol, and the German Minister is
working diligently on the German proto
col. He saw Mr. Bowen today for a con
ference regarding some feature of tho
Mr. Bowen continues optimistic of an
early settlement and speedy raising of
the blockade. He is hopeful no perplex
ing or vexatious problems may Intervene,
now that the matter has progressed so
far, and that It will not bo long before the
whole question is settled in Its primary
stages; the raising of the blockade, arbi
tration of the question of - preferential
treatment and protocols signed for the
settlement of the claims themselves. In
cluding those of the allied and of the
unailled ' sowers.
The British protocol provides for the
reference of the contention of the allies
for preferential treatment to The Hague
for settlement, for the payment by Von-.
ezuela tn Great Britain of 5500 cash and
for the immediate raising of the blockade.
The matter of the adjudication of tho
claims and the collection of the 30 per
cent out of which those are to bo paid
has been left for the second protocol.
Italy. It has been learned, wishes to
have inserted in her protocol an artlclo
providing for a chance In her treaty of
amity with Venezuela so as to includo
the "favored-nation clause, such as the
other powers possess. Mr. Bowen has
explained that while he Is willing to use
his Influence to secure this, he can do
nothing more in the protocol than recom
mend it. as the matter Is entirely irrele
vant to the present controversy. There
are other provisions in the Italian pro
tocol which do not meet the approval ot
Mr. Bowen, and the Italian Ambassador
has cabled to Rome for permission to
Regarding the German protocol little is
known except that It Is along the general
lines of the other two. Several changes
have been made in It since yesterday, and
other changes are likely. It is understood
that the German protocol will be some
what shorter and more concise than tha
British, and probably will not contain
more than eight articles. It will provide
for an Initial payment ot the same amount
as those of Italy and Great Britain. The
last-named country will receive Its first
payment in cash, Germany and Italy be
ing content to receive theirs 30 days after
the signing of the protocols.
The fact developed today that seme of
the unallied claimant powers are consider
ing tho matter of sharing the expense
which Venezuela will be put to to carry
her cause to The Hague, since a difference
would affect their claims.
CAMPAIGN AGAINST CRIME
Movement InatiRurnted ly Chnrchcsi
of Louisville, Ky.
LOUISVILLE. Feb. 8. A campaign
against crime In this city and Kentucky
was begun by the ministers of the state
today. In nearly every church In this
city special services were held this morn
ing or tonight and the ministers made
addresses urging reform In the adminis
tration of the criminal laws. Specials
from various points In the state state that
similar services were held In the churches
throughout the commonwealth. The ser
vices were the outcome of a petition pre
pared by the Loul3vllle ministers at a.
meeting several days a,o requesting that
the ministers of the state set aside today
for the campaign against crime, which
the petition declared was prevalent
The direct cause of the action of the
Ministerial Association was a number of
murders which have occurred in Louis
ville and throughout the state during tho
S TT I T M