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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
BRET HARTE'S NEW STORY
Will Be Published,
Complete, Next Sunday
READ BRET HARTE'S
In Next Sunday's Oregonlan
VOL. XIX XO. 12,794.
PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1901.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
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Assets $304,598,063.49 Surplus $66,137,170.01
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That the Pianola fulfills all Its claims and meets completely the needs for which It la
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never previously struck a note on the piano in their lives.
It Is found In the homes of royalty and nobility abroad, and In the homes of the rep
resentathes of the highest culture In Portland, as well as other cities of America.
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Its cost Is but $250, and can be bought by moderate monthly payments If desired. Send
for Catalogue W, our latest pamphlet, unless you are able to make a personal visit to our
THE AEOLIAN COMPANY
M. B. WELLS, Sole Northivett Agent, Aeolian Hail, 3K3-355 'Washington St.
A MASS0 DEMONSTRATION.
Riot Was Narrowly Averted at Santi
ago Last Night.
SANTIAGO DECUBA, Dec. 12. The
Independent party held a great demon
itration here tonight in favor of General
Bartolomew Masso, their candidate for
the Presidency. Ten prominent Inde
pendents gave an elaborate banquet in the
Venus cafe to 50 guests in honor of Gen
eral Collazo. The largest auditorium in
the city was incapable of accommodat
.ng the crowd of Masso adherents. A
srowd of negroes numbering several
thousand gathered outside the building
and with their cries of "Viva Palma,"
made it almost impossible for any one to
hear the speeches. The police were un
able to disperse this assemblage. The
Independents aver that the Mayor of San
tiago encouraged this disturbance. A
riot was avoided only by the arrival of
th rural guard. Numbers of National
ists, mostly negroes, paraded the streets
all night long cheering for Palma, and
trying to overcome the effects of the
Masso demonstration. There were sev
eral small riots, but no serious trouble.
SCHLEY COURT'S REPORT.
Iny Be Submitted in the Next Twenty-four
"WASHINGTON, Dec. 12.-The Schley
Uourt of Inquiry is nearing the end of Its
Jabors, and, while It Is impossible to se
rure from the members or from the Navy
Department a statement as to when the
report will be submitted, It Is believed
that it cannot be delayed much more
than 24 hours. Although clothed with re
newing authority. Secretary Long has
laid that he will not exercise It in this
rase. The report will be given to the
)ublic without the slightest change.
Court-Martial at Salt Lake.
SALT LAKE CITY, Dec 12. The first
:ourt-maRial held at Fort Douglas, .Ms
jlty, in many years, for the purpose of
trying an oflicer, convened here today.
Major Teler R. Egan, surgeon at the post,
was called upon to answer the charge of
railing to perform his duty in examining
md treating six soldiers who applied to
xim for treatment.
For Sale Everywhere
The Photo Miniature, latest pub
lication, fully illustrated, complete
chapters on street views, fire
works, electric displays, "working
in a moor," shop windows and
other night scenes, 25c per copy.
BLUIilAUER-FRANK DRUG COMPANY
"Wholesale and Importing Druggists.
C. W. KXOWLES, Mgr.
STREETS. P0RTU1D, 0RE031
. $1.00, $1.50, $2.00 per Day
of Wall Plaster
Foot of 14th Street. PORTLAND, OR.
$3.00 PER DAY
Convention Adjourned to Meet in
Chicago Set July.
CINCINNATI, Dec. 12. The American
Federation of Catholic Societies this after
noon adjourned to meet in Chlcaim Jnlv
15. 1902. After the final adoption last
nigni oi tne constitution, and the election
of officers this morning, the last day was
mostly devoted to the consideration of
plans for field work.
The officers elected were: President, T.
B. MInehan, Columbus, O.; vice-presidents.
T. J. Kauffmann. New "York T H
! Cannon, Chicago, and Daniel Duffy,' Potts-
1 vine, .fa.; secretary. Anthony Maltre, Cin.
cinnati; treasurer, H. J. Fries, Erie, Pa.
The election of Anthony Maltre, whoHs
principal Jn St. Philomena Parish School,
I in this city, as secretary, means that the
headquarters, at least until next July, will
be In Cincinnati. The convention closed
1 amid enthusiastic demonstrations, all join
ing in singing "America," after which
, Bishop Mesmer gave the benediction In
iatin ana iwsnop sicFaul in English.
The executive board organized with M.
P. Mooney as chairman and Anthony
Maltre as secretary. The work for the
ensuing year was considered In connec
tion with Bishop McFaul, the spiritual ad
viser, and other leaders. "While the ex
ecutive board adjourned subject to the
call of President MInehan or Chairman
Mooney, it Is understood that there will
be a "meeting early next month, when ex
Secretary O'Rourke, of Philadelphia, will
have the records of the convention print
ed, and at that time the names of the
members of all the new standing com
mittees will be announced.
Riots in a Spanish City.
CADIZ. Dec. 12. This city was in a
state of partial revolution practically all
night. Riotous mobs, led by striking
bakers, armed with, knives and bludgeons,
pillaged stores, attacked peaceable people
In the streets, injured a number of per
sons, threw the whole town into a state
of panic, and made the night hideous with
shouts of "Long live the social revolu
4ion" and "Down with the bourgeois."
The police were powerless to quell the
disturbance. After a series of severe
encounters, during which many persons
on both, sides were injured, the gendarmes
1 restored a. semblance of order.
BY RAIL TO YAKIMA
Great Yakima Valley Asks
WANTS TO TRADE IN THIS CITY
Chamber of Commerce Receives a
Strong Letter From the Commer
cial Club of North Yakima
Yakima "Valley, "Washington, with It3
immense agricultural resources, now being
developed by Irrigation, desires direct rail
communication with Portland, and to that
end the North Yakima Commercial Club
has addressed the following letter to the
Chamber of Commerce. The communica
tion was read at a special meeting yes
terday, and the secretary was instructed
to ask In. what way the Chamber of Com
merce can be of assistance to the club, In
the subject referred to:
NORTH YAKIMA. Wash., Nov. 27. Secre
tary Chamber of Commerce, Portland, Or.
Dear Sir: The undersigned having been
appointed a committee by the North Yakima
Commercial Club to address your organiza
tion for the purpose of calling your attention
to the urgent necessity of securing additional
and more direct communication between Port
land and this city, and to the great advantages
and benefits to be derived by both places by
the construction of a railroad or the completion
of a road which Is now In course of construc
tion, known as the Vancouver, Klickitat &
We bellece that you will at once recognize
the importance of this subject In so far as the
Interests of your city are concerned, and we
desire particularly to call your attention to
the Immense volume of traffic that Is to be
obtained from this valley, and to the enor
mous growth and development that has taken
place here In the past few years, and which
has now assumed such proportions that there
Is every reason to believe that North Yakima
will grow to be the best inland city In the
State of "Washington and the Yakima Valley
to be the greatest producing section of any
equal area of agricultural country in America.
The shipments from this county by freight
alone are now so large that were all the cars
that are required to haul the agricultural
products for the period of one year made up In
one train, this train would be more than 100
miles long. The shipments by express during
tho Summer months, of fruit and vegetables,
are so extensive that two baggage cars are
required daily, at this station, to be attached
to the express train to accommodate that trar
flc It Is a matter of common knowledge that
the receipts of the Northern Pacific Railway
at this station exceed $750,000 per annum In
fact, with two or three exceptions, the re
ceipts of the company at this point are great
er than at any other station between ter
minals. In this connection it should be borne In
mind that the produclngicapaclty of this county
Is still at Its minimum. Within the next de
cade it will Increase to such an extent that
the figures given above, although large, will
fade info Insignificance. According to the
records of the County Auditor, there ore not
to exceed at the present time 35,000 acres of
land under cultivation, and this Immense pro
duction and traffic arc based on this com
paratively small acreage. There are still
hundreds of thousands of acres to be placed
under Irrigation and cultivation, a process
which Is being carried on to such aa extent
at the present time as to warrant tho belief
that the acreage under cultivation will bo
Increased tenfold In as many years.
It Is unnecessary to enter Into details In
regard to tho traffic to be obtained by a road
connecting the two cities In the Intervening
country. Your sources of information on this
point are even better than ours. What we de
sire particularly to call your attention to Is
the Inadequacy of the railroad facilities at
this place; to the Inability of the railway
company, even at this time, to carry the pro
ducts of this country, and to the absolute
necessity of an additional railroad, especially
In view of the ever-Increasing volume of pro
duction, which in a few years will be such that
the present transportation facilities will be
utterly Inadequate to the necessities of this
It is true that a largo volume of traffic
will In time attract additional transportation
facilities. We desire to hasten this time and
to submit to you whether It will not be of In
finite value to the commercial Interests of
Portland that It take advantage of our needs
In this direction, and. If possible, take such
steps that will lead to the building of a rail
road between the two cities. Will Portland
awaken to her opportunity?
O. A. FECHTER,
A. E. PARSON.
F. C. HALL.
The growing Importance of Tatoosh Isl
and as a basis for shipping news Is being
recognized by those interested in naviga
tion. A letter from George Taylor, chair
man of the navigation committee, on the
subject was read before the chamber.
Tho Importance of having a good miner
al exhibit at St. Louis in 1903 was the sub
ject of a letter from J. F. Batchelder.
To Employ Another Dredge.
Tho following letter from the secretary
of the Port of Portland Commission was
placed on file:
Portland Chamber of Commerce Gentlemen:
In answer to yours of December 2, relative to
resolutions passed at your meeting of Novem
ber 20. requesting the Port of Portland Com
mission to employ an outside dredge. I am
directed to advise you that nt an Informal
meeting of the commissioners held yesterday,
a majority being present at the tlmo. It was
decided to employ the North Pacific Lumber
Company's dredge as soon as It was possible
to make the necessary surveys.
E. T. C. STEVENS.
Clerk of the Board.
Many New Members.
Following Is a list of 52 new members
of the Chamber of Commerce unanimous
ly elected yesterday:
E. C. Atkins & Co. IFlnley. Kimball & Co.
Crofut. McAyeal & Co.tfL a. Heppner & Co.
W. B. McPherson. A. Berg.
F. A. Jones. JGlass & Prudhomme.
F- B. Dallam & Co. Northrop & Sturgls Co.
p. Lamberson'a Sons. JMorris r AVhltehead.
fames Laldlaw & Co. jlrwln-Hodson Co.
A. H. Ballard. city & Suburban Rall-
Franklln & Co. -way Co.
P. J. Cronln Co. Cawston Machinery Co.
Rlchet Company. JHoneyman & McBrlde.
Wolf & Sons. Cook & Klernan.
P. Johnson & Co. J. N. Matscheck Can
Portland Wire & Iron) dy Co.
"Works. lOregon Round Lumber
Malarkey & Co. j Co.
Portland Seed Co. jj. c. Bayer.
Pacific Electric Co. J. J. Richardson.
Adolph A. Dekum. jw. a Holman.
Brady & Shcrrett. (Northwest Implement
Kllham Stationery Co.j Co.
W. J. Van SchuyverlTilton & Gerspach.
. & Co. s. Heltehu & Co.
C. H. Crocker Co. pSlmonds Mfg. Co.
Breldensteln & Slns-portland Implement Co.
hclmer. H. E. Edwards.
Bowles & Strow. Edward Holman.
Hammond Mfg. Co. lAlaska Oil & Guano
Loewenberg & Going Co..
Co. (Standard Box Factory.
The Taubenhelmer &IParlln & Orendorff. Co.
Schmjcr Carpet AjAlbert J. Capron.
Furniture Co. c. H. Waterman.
O. M. Scott. l. Samuel.
Lewis & Stenger Bar-JR. Lutke & Co.
hers Supply Co. J Henry Jennlng & Sons.
Northwestern Transferj. A. Strowbrldge.
Hearing in Indian Case.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 12. There was a
hearing today at the Interior Department
before Secretary Hitchcock, Involving the
question of approval of the leases of lands
from the Indians on the Ulntah-Ute reser
vation In Utah for mining purposes. Sen
ators Kearns and Rawlins and Represen
tative Sutherland spoke against the leas
ing today. H. B. Myton, the agent for
the Utcs, who favors the granting of au
thority for the leases, was present, as
was also Representative Sherman, ot New
York, chairman of the House committee
on Indian Affairs. The hearing will be
concluded Saturday, when the Indians
will give their side of the case.
A petition to enjoin Secretary Gage from
disbursing 52,000,000 now in the Treasury,
authorized by Congress for the purchase
of Kiowa, Comanche and Apache Indlun
lands, was tiled in the District Supreme
Court today. The petitioners are Delos
K. Lone Wolf, principal chief of the Klo
was, and others of the triDes.
CIVIL SERVICE REFORM.
Speakers at the Twenty-first An
nual Meeting of the League.
BOSTON, Dec. 12. The twenty-first an
nual meeting of the National Crvil Ser
vice Reform League began today. The
annual report of the council said the past
year has been one of encouragement for
lfc.2 friends of civil service reform.
A meeting in Sanders Theater, Cam
bridge, was addressed by President Eliot,
of Harvard; Hon. Carl Schurz, Dr. Daniel
C. Gilman and William Dudley Foulke.
President Eliot said In part: "Ninety
years ago my grandfather, who was a
Boston merchant, headed a public lot
tery, from the proceeds of which Stough
ton Hall was built, and it stands today
as a hall built by public lottery In Mas
sachusetts. Shall we not And that 50
years from now It will be regarded as
discreditable and dishonorable for a man
to use the salary of a public post to pro
mote his own advancement, or even to
promote the advancement of a political
Carl Schurz said that civil service re
form would not cure all the evils of a
political system, yet with every office res
cued from spoilsmen, the hucksters would
have less to deal with and the field for
meritorious candidates would be so much
Dr. Danielson. president of the league,
said: "The victories of the league have
been won by long, patient efforts. As it
succeeds In the National field, it sees
more that may be done in other fields."
In urging tho civil service idea, he said
that It could well be used by school
boards and even by churches seeking pas
tors. William Dudley Foulke, of Indiana,
recently appointed a member of the Na
tional Civil Service Commission, said:
"Nearly every applicant now for office
bases his application. In part at least,
upon the statement that he is a devoted
adherent to the civil service law. That
Indicates an advance. It Is because he
has a leader. That man is the foremost
civil service reformer in America Pres
Sentencing of Igleslas in Porto Rico
SAN THAN, Porto Rico. Dec. 12. San
tiago Igleslas, president of the Federation
of Workmen of Porto Rico, with nine
companions, was tried in the District
Court at San. Juan, yesterday on. tho
charge of conspiracy. Today Igleslas was
sentenced to two years, three months and
eight days' Imprisonment, several of his
companions were sentenced , to four
months' imprisonment, while two were ac
quitted, on the charge of being the found
ers of an. illegal association and con
spiracy in August, 1900, to raise the price
of labor In Porto Rico. Igleslas, as the
founder of the conspiracy, gets the heav
iest sentence. The other men were mere
ly his associates In the crime. Under
Spanish law, which is still In force here,
persons convicted of a crime have to pay
tho costs. The local Federation of Work
men of Porto Rico, which Is now part of
the American Federation of Labor, under
the presidency of Samuel Gompers, has
been ordered dissolved, as It has been ad
judged illegal because of this conspiracy.
Mr. Savage, Judge of the District Court,
dissented as to the illegality of the local
federation, although he agreed that Igle
slas was guilty of a conspiracy to raise
the price of labor in. August, 1900, when
the currency of Porto Rico was changed.
At that time, nearly all the merchants
and employers had raised their prices
from pesos to dollars, an advance of 40
cents. Igleslas did the same, contending
that he only raised wages in proportion
to other increases. This constitutes the
conspiracy. The case has been appealed
to the Supreme Court of Porto Rico,
where it will probably be heard in a
month. Pending this appeal, Igleslas Is at
The Snow Storm Is General Through
DENVER, Dec. 12. Dispatches from
various parts of the state indicate that
the blizzard which has been raging
around Denver for the past three days is
general, so far as Colorado is concerned.
Tho snowfall has been quite heavy in
the northern part of the state and in
the mountain portions.
Bad Storm in Wyoming.
LARAMIE, Wyo., Dec 12. One of the
worst storms in recent years has been
raging in Southern Wyoming for 24 hours.
Snow is falling, accompanied by high
winds and a falling temperature. Rail
road traffic has been delayed, but no
blockades have occurred. Reports have
been received of heavy losses of sheep.
Perished on the Prairie.
CHEYENNE, Wyo., Dec. 12. The wom
an who was reported lost on the prairie
near Cheyenne last night was found to
day, frozen to death, a quarter of a
mile from where she was left by F. P.
Edland, the lineman who tried to save
her life last night. The woman has
not been Identified. She was between 55
and CO years of age.
Presbyterian Commltte's Labors Will
Be Completed Iia a Few Dnys.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 12. The Presby
terian revision committee held three ses
sions today. In order to be able to com
plete the work before it at as early a date
as. possible. Tomorrow morning the com
mittee hopes to complete the first draft of
the statement of doctrine. Under this
head articles were discussed today on the
church, moral law, missions and final tri
umph of the kingdom of God. While
awaiting a committee report there was an
Informal discussion of a declaratory state
ment of certain points of the confession of
faith on God's eternal decree, election and
the salvation of infants. This Is the sec
ond feature of the work before the com
mittee. Rapid progress Is being, made,
and the committee's labors will bef com
pleted In a few days.
WILL VOTE MONDAY
Senate Agrees to Dispose of
the New Canal Treaty,
CONTINUATION OF THE DEBATE
Spooner Was the Principal Speaker
Yesterday, and Was Followed
by Senators Money and
WASHINGTON, Dec 12. The Senate
agreed .today to take a vote before ad
journment Monday on the new Hay-Paun-cefote
treaty for the abrogation of the
OME VIEW OF
THAT'S A. VALIANT PLBA THAT DARE BAT HIS BREAKFAST ON THE
LIP OF A LION. "HENRY V."
Clayton-Bulwer treaty and opening the
way for the construction of an Isthmian
canal by the United States. This agree
ment was reached after four hours of
debate, sufficiently interesting to secure
tho constant attention of most of the
Senators. Spooner, who was one of the
principal speakers of the day, had just
concluded when Lodge made an effort to
secure a vote. It developed that there
were other Senators who desired to be
heard, the result being that the date for
the vote was postponed until Monday. The
agreement provides for an adjournment ot
the Senate from today until Monday, and
for a meeting at H o'clock on that day,
one hour in advance of the usual time.
The understanding Is that as soon as prac
ticable after the Senate convenes. Lodge
shall move an executive session, and that
the treaty shall have the entire attention
of the Senate until a final vote is reached
before, adjournment for that day.
The principal speakers today, besides
Spooner, were Money and Foraker. Mon
ey, while finding much In the treaty to
criticise, said that as he found the for
tunes of tho proposed canal across the
isthmus Inextricably entwined with the
treaty, he could not see his way clear to
do anything that would prevent or even
delay ratification. Tho particular feature
of the new treaty with which he found
fault were thoso retaining the neutrality
provisions of the Clayton-Bulwer conven
tion and specifying police control of the
canal when built. He argued that the ef
fect of these provisions Inevitably must
be to limit and prescribe the power of the
United States to control Its own proper
ty In case of war.
Foraker maintained that the provisions
ot the new treaty meet every objection
mado to the original Hay-Pauncefote
treaty and covers even essential thing
that was included in the amendments
made by the Senate to that document. He
regarded it as of the utmost importance
that the Clayton-Bulwer treaty should be
wiped out. This result was effected by
the convention under consideration. He
asserted that all rights of the United
States were amply protected under this
treaty and our absolute and complete con
trol of the canal could not be questioned
by Great Britain or any other power.
Foraker's speech dealt largely with the
legal construction and the general effect
of the treaty. He said that after a care
ful study of its provisions he was firmly
convinced that it could be honestly sup
ported by even patriotic citizen.
Foraker was frequently Interrupted by
Bacon. In the course of one of these in
terruptions Bacon asked if it was not true
that under the terms of the treaty the
construction of fortifications by the
United States would be an act of war. j
Foraker replied in -the negative, declaring J
that not only would such an act not be
an act of hostility, but that to build forti
fications In case of necessity was one or
the Inherent rights of the Government.
To this Bacon responded that he, for one,
would never bring himself to vote for the
ratification of the treaty with the under
standing that his Government was to vlc-
late It. Foraker retorted sharply to th
effect that his friend from Georgia coula
be no more virtuous along th line or
maintaining the country's honor In the
matter of keeping Its agreements with
other nations than were other Senators.
Bacon replied that he had not meant to
assume a virtue that he did not possess,
nor to imply that other Senators were not
as Jealous of the country's good name as
he himself. Foraker then declared that he
had not meant to charge Bacon with an
unfair assumption, but simply to say that,
Hko all other Senators supporting the
treaty, he felt he was giving his name
to a transaction which would be honora
bly carried out between nations.
Spooner, who followed, also was rre
quently Interrupted by Senators on the
Democratic side. One of the first inter
ruptions came from Bacon, and pertained
to the right to fortify the canal. Reply
ing to this inquiry, Spooner said that It
was a well-known principle of internation
al law that all treaties, like all statutes,
must be read together, and he contended
In this connection that the Clayton-Bul-wer
treaty, the original Hay-Pauncefote
treaty and the pending treaty for the
proper construction of the agreement
should be considered as one series. The
Clayton-Bulwer agreement had provided
that there should be no fortification of the
canal, and the Hay-Pauncefote treaty or
the Fifty-sixth Congress had carried a
VAN ZANT'S FIGHT.
slmilar provision, but the new treaty
struck out the entire fortification proviso,
clearly showing that England, after con
tending for half a centun against fortifi
cations, had waived that provision, thus
practically conceding our right to fortify
the proposed canal.
Questions were asked by Tillman and
Bailey concerning tho right of the United
States to blockade the canal, and in reply
Spooner insisted that the Government of
the United States could not be bound by
any treaty agreement which would pre
vent this country from defending Its own
property in its own way in time of war.
Tillman pressed the inquiry, and ho and
Spooner engaged in a somewhat spirited
colloquy, which, as usual with them, end
ed good-naturedly. A ven Important
question was raised by a number of Sen
ators on the Democratic side as to the
right of the United States to give dif
ferential rates to vessels engaged in our
coastwise trade. This matter brought
other Senators from the Republican side
of the chamber Into the controversy. Per
kins and Nelson were among those who
contributed to this feature of the contro
versy. Nelson, insisted that under exist
ing laws the United States would have a
perfect right to give to the coastwise
trade of this country any benefit it might
see proper In the use of the canal. It was
perfectly well understood, he said, that
the ships of a foreign nation could not do
a coastwise business, and Great Britain
had made the treaty with the full knowl
edge of these facts. Perkins made the as
sertion that b, the acquisition or control
of a strip of territory through which the
canal would pass, the United States would
acquire rights which would subject that
territon to our coastwise laws, and said
foreign bottoms could not trade between
ports of the United States' and any por
tion of the territon through which the
canal was built.
This view was combatted by Tillman
and Bacon, the former intimating that if
that were true relative to the United
States, Great Britain, on account of her
Canadian possessions, and Mexico, both
extending from ocean to ocean, also could
contend for similar privileges. This, he
thought, also would be true of any South
American country whose territon ex
tends from ocean to ocean. Spooner was
decidedly of a contrary opinion, and in
sisted" that these countries did not ac
quire any rights of a coastwise trade
character along the route of the pro
posed canal, which territory was under
the control of, or which might be ceded
to, the United States. The mere fact that
Canadian or Mexican territory extends
from ocean to ocean would not give them
the right to make demands on the gener
osity or business foresight of the United
States. Spooner also contended that the
United States would have a right to con
trol the canal after its own manner dur
ing any war to which the country might
be a party.
Mason interjected that a treaty agree
ment never binds a nation to the ex-
Concluded on Second Page.)
TALK FOR PANAMA
Opposition to Nicaragua Bill
in Both Houses.
A SCHEME TO CAUSE DELAY
General Gillespie In in Favor of a
Canal and Locks nt The Dalles
and Celllo Friendly to
the Grout Bill.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 12. The certainty
that an isthmian canal bill is going to
pass at this session of Congress causes a
number of men to give the project tne
most serious consideration, and some are
giving particular attention to the Panama
project, even in the face of the repot t
of the commission in favor of the Nicara
gua route. The fact that the Nicaragua
route is 16S miles long as against 46 miles
across Panama and that it will take SG
hours for vessels to go through instead
of 12 In passing at Panama, is giving many
Senators and some Representatives seri
ous moments of reflection. They recog
nize the complications that would follow
their dealing with the French and the
Colombian Governments, but they are
considering whether it would not be better
to do so and have a shorter canal, even.
If the cost is considerably more. The old
speech of Senator Davis made against
the Nicaragua Canal ten years ago is be
ing revived. In it he asserted that tho
seismic conditions of Nicaragua and Costa
Rica were such ns to make it very prob
able that earthquakes would at any time
destroy the locks and canal along the pro
posed Nicaragua route.
The question of harbors on both sides Is
also being raised and comparisons favor
able to the harbors on the Panama route
are being made. Of course, this discus
sion 13 moie or less tentative, and It may
not amount to anything in the end, as the
sentiment of Congress seems largely m
favor of a NIcaraguan canal. Some believe
that the Panama talk Is simply in the
Interest of defeating any canal, and that
opposition is brought out in the repoit
made by Senator Morgan.
Gillespie Favors Celllo Cnnnl.
General Gillespie, Chief of Engineers, is
In favor of a canal and locks to ot.r
come the obstructions at The Dalles and
Celllo, whenever Congress authorizes any
improvement to be made. Like most of
the engineers who have investigated the
subject, he believes that the most satisfac
tory arrangement will be a canal rather
than a boat railway or any other scheme.
Owing to the position which General Gil
lespie occupies, he would not be quoted
on the projects contemplated, but it is
known that he and nearly all the other
engineers believe in a canal.
Will Vote for Grout Bill.
The sentiment of S-5n-ter and Tvrc
sentatlves in the Pacific Northwest is
universally In favor of the early passage
of the Grout oleomargarine bill. Not
many object to the sale of "oleo" as such,
but they object to having It masqueraded
and sold as butter. In the interest ot the
farmers and the dairy Interests of Ore
gon and Washington, these men beliee
the bill should become la... The vote of
these two delegations In the last Con
gress was In support of the bill, and will
be again this session. Senator Mitchell,
who was not In the last Congress, saya
he strongly favors legislation of thin
Senator Mitchell today Introduced a bill
to refer the claim of the Cathlamet band
of Chinook Indians for lands taken by tho
United States to the Court of Claims for
Spencer Met Roosevelt.
Deputy District Attorney Arthur C.
Spencer, of Portland, was Introduced to
President Roosevelt this morning by Sen
ator Simon. Mr. Spencer Is making a
short visit to the city on his way to Ida
old home In Connecticut.
State Senator Ruth, of Olympla, Wash.,
was In the city today on his way from,
his old home In Maine.
"Wyoming Industrial Convention.
LARAMIE, Wyo., Dec 12. The Wyo
ming Industrial Convention held busy ses
sions today. A resolution was offered by
A. D. Kelley, of Cheyenne, favoring tho
allotment of Indian lands so that the re
mainder may be thrown open to settle
ment. Secretan of State Chatterton pre
sented a resolution for a state statistical
bureau. A resolution was adopted for a
committee to collect a large mining and
agricultural exhibit at St, Louis in 150.J.
A large exhibit of state mineral and agri
cultural productions was displayed during
SUMMARY OF THE DAY'S NEWS.
The Senato will vote on the canal treaty Man
day. Page 1.
Yesterday's speakers on tho treaty were Spoon
er, Money and Foraker. Page L
Opposition to the Nicaragua Canal Is being
manifested in both houses. Page 1.
An amendment to the Chinese exclusion bill
provides for the deportation of highbinders.
Relations between Chile and Argentina art
strained. Page 3.
Kitchener's plans are already bearing fruit,
Gales are sweeping Great Britain and Ireland.
Important questions were dlscupd by the Fed
eration of Labor Convention. Page 3.
The Federation of Workmen In Porto Rico was
Lavigne knocked out Hegerty at Oakland.
President Roosevelt pressed the button that
opened the Woodmen convention at Spo
kane. Page 4.
"Who Is morally responsible for the defalcation
of cx-CIerk Dals. of Oregon, State Land
Board? Page 4.
Erection of several large saw mill on TJmpqua
River. Oregon. Is contemplated by new boom
and timber company. Page 4.
British ship Leyland Brothers the latest victim
of storm. Page 5.
Grave fears entertained for the safety of tho
Mattewan. Page 5.
Secretary Hay makes complaint of alleged
mistreatment of sailors at Portland. Page 3.
Portland and Vicinity.
Yakima Commercial Club asks Portland's co
operation In building short-line railroad.
"William Turner, a painter, commits suicide.
Jack Wade guilty of murder In first degree.
O. R. & N. Company announces 523 "West
bound settlers' rate for next Spring. Page 10.
French ship captain sails away from warrant
of arrest. Page 8.
Kelly Wiley makes admissions In diamond rob
bery case. Page 8.