Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 19, 1900)
9r ., -?5o(r
i i 1 1 .I
THE MORNING OftEGONlM; 'EDNEgDAX SEPTEMBER 1, 190&
Entered at tho Postofflce at Portland, Oregon,
as second-class matter.
Editorial Rooms..,. ICO I Business Office. ...OCT
REVISED SUBSCRIPTION RATES.
By Hall (postage prepaid). In Advance
Bally, with Sunday, per month $0 85
Dally, Sunday excepted, per year..... 7 60
Tally, -with Sunday, per year 9 00
Sunday, per year 2 00
Too Weekly, per year ... , 1 60
The Weekly, 3 months ... 00
To City Subscribers
Dally, per week, delivered, Sundays excepted.l5o
Dally, per week, delivered, Sundays included-20a
United States, Canada and Mexico:
10 to 16-pago paper ........... I... ......... lo
16 to 32-page papor ...So
Foreign rates double.
ITewe or discussion Intended for publication In
The Oregordan should be addressed Invariably
dltor The Oregonlan," not to the name oC
ny Individual. Letters rerating to advertising,
subscriptions or to any business matter should
be addressed simply "Tb Oregonlan."
The Oregonlan does not buy poems or storle
from Individuals, and cannot undertake to re
tnrn any manuscripta sent to It without uollclta
tlon, 2fo ctamps should "be Inclosed for this
Puffet Sound -Bureau Captain A. Thompson,
c-ffloo at 1111 Pacific avenue, Tacoma. Box 055,
Eastern Business Office The Tribune bund
ing, New York City; ."The Rookery," Chicago;
"the S. C Beckwlth special agency, New York.
For sale In Sau Francisco by J. K. Cooper,
'T Market street, near the Palace Hotel, and
&t Goldsmith Bros.. 238 Sutter street.
For sale In Chicago by the P. O. Jfews Co.,
UE1T Dearborn street
TODAY'S "WEATHER. Fair, followed by
tncrettglnc cloudiness; northerly winds, becom
'WtTIlAJrP, TVEDXESDAT, SEPT. 19
1 UTJTTJH.E1 OP OUR, ISIAATDS.
It is Impossible to resist the tempta
oa to speculate upon the future of the,
Philippine Islands, upon the future of
Australia, upon the future, in fact, of
-all the widely sundered portions of the
British Empire and of the United
tetates. History presents two opposite
tendencies, integration and dlslntegra
J"tion, expansion and disruption, some
times succeeding one another and often
ia operation side by side. The sam
treaty that took from Spain almost her
.last colonial possessions extended the
territory of the United States, and while
Denmark is hawking her "Windward
islands about among prosperous gov
ernments and Portugal is getting ready
to pay debts with Delagoa Bay, Great
i-Britain is extending her imperial man
ttle over South Africa and Russia is
spreading eastward through Manchuria.
The problem is not altogether one of
virile or decadent nationality, for Amer
ica and England separated in the same
century that saw the treaty of Utrecht
give over the Netherlands and Spain's
Italian provinces to Austria, and the
inarch of British empire was hardly
stayed by the. loss. The vicissitudes of
Norway and Sweden, of Spain and Por
tugal, of unified Germany under Bis
marck and the precariousness of the
present tripartite alliance between Ger
many, Austria-Hungary and Italy,
show us the danger of sweeping gen
eralizations. The same epoch that saw
Cuba struggling for Independence saw
also Hawaii asking for admission into
the United States. Is it the ultimate
destiny of Cuba and Australia, Egypt
and the Philippines, to be part of a
great nation or separate small ones?
No one can say with certainty. The
causes of events are so complex, the
sources of historical development are so
remote and often obscure, that what has
happened is only certain of never hap
pening again in exactly the same way.
Like causes produce like effects, but
causes of national rise or decline are
never the same in different times. Rome
fell, not from general but from specific
causes, and so did France. The student
of history recognizes not only the
growth of empires and their subsequent
segregation, but a distinct progress in
the methods by which empire is built
up. Antiquity grouped territory under
one sovereign, but never amalgamated
It Under Rome was brought to perfec
tion a system of amalgamation which
admitted the provinces to Roman citi
zenship and maintained through force
a certain homogeneity of customs and
laws. Rut it has been reserved for
modern times to develop the only stable
or approximately stable form of empire.
Which Is based upon the English sys
4 tern of representative .government This
is undoubtedly the main cohesive force
Of Great Britain and the United States
today. It seems at last to offer a form
of empire iu which the component parts
4re held together by mutual attraction.
instead of by central authority whose
flower is limited by the life of the phys
ical force at its command. It is a far
cry from the passionate love of the colo
nies for England; -as sung by Kipling.
or from the prayer of Hawaii for admis
sion to the United States, or from the
shouts of welcome with which Porto
Rico welcomed American sovereignty,
to the revolt of the Netherlands from
Spain or the burden of the Declaration
Perhaps we shall have said all that Is
possible to say with reasonable proba
bility if we predict that the colonies of
the future will remain colonies only so
long as they conceive it to be their In
terest to do so. If we were to offer
Hawaii her Independence tomorrow, or
if Great Britain were to propose renun
ciation of Canada, the offers would not
-toe welcomed. That is, the colonies or
dependencies, or what you will, have
snore to lose through separation than
to gain. Even the Tagalog ban
dits, who have adopted the, vocabulary
of the founders of the United States,
without understanding Its meaning,
seem to imagine in some vague way
that they can be given the benefits of
American sovereignty without its re
sponsibilities. If they could once un
derstand the impossibility of maintain
ing themselves in Independence as the
educated Hawallans . understood their
helplessness, independence is the last
thing they would ask for. And it is at
least probable that Cuba, when once
she realizes what she has to lose with
the loss of American sovereignty, will
prefer liberty and order under the
United States to the perils of independ
ence. This- rule, if it be adopted, almost
necessarily implies the arrival of a time
when the component parts of a great
nation will be glad of a separation.
That is, if we allow them union so
long as it is to their interests to remain
united, we must allow them disunion
when those favorable conditions have
been, dissipated. The growth of toler
ance and the general disapproval of
tyranny are likely o discourage any
formidable attempt to suppress the as
pirations of an entire people fitted not
only to win their independence but to
exercise it The qualities which enable
a nation to rise to greatness are not al
ways the ones best calculated to pre
serve It, and the circumstances of early
struggles are "wholly absent In the hey
day of wealth and power. No patriot
likes to contemplate the hour of his
country's decline, but history sheds a
sickly glare over the sublime optimism
of every great civilization. Four hun
dred years have made tremendous
changes in the status of governments.
Wecan only be sure that as great If
not greater changes are yet in store.
THB POWKR. OP PERSONALITY.
The only really Interesting, impres
sive personality in this dull campaign
is that of-Theodore Roosevelt. Bryan'B
voice still remains in fairly good condi
tion, but the motley of the eloquent har
lequin of the "free-silver" ring is so
badly tattered and torn by his restless,
ubiquitous itineracy of four years that
he is today the commonplace hero of a
twice-told tale. As an interesting and
fascinating figure who In picturesque
quality appeals to the ordinary voter,
Roosevelt has fairly won "the belt"
from Bryan. He has won It, not be
cause he is a thrilling speaker or an
artful, eloquent demagogue, but in spite
of his defects as a platform speaker
,and his utter lack of the cunning of a
political charlatan. Nor does Roose
velt owe his remarkable success to the
fact that ho is a man of liberal, educa
tion and considerable practlce"wlth the
tongue and pen, for this kind of schol
astic training does not equip a man for
effective platform speech or public de
bate. A good country jury lawyer, wjth
nothing behind him of scholastic train
ing better than a common school, will
beat an average college-bred man, born
with a siLver spoon in his mouth) com
pletely before a popular audience. Sel
dom is a severe scholar or exact writer
an effective platform speaker unless he
has had the training of a lawyer before
Juries, before courts high and low. Now
Roosevelt is not a lawyer; his experi
ence in the New Tork Assembly was
comparatively brief, and, while it won
him high reputation as an earnest, hon
est, energetic, forceful man, it gave him
no laurels as a man of superior powers
of public speech. This man Roosevelt
wins, not through his liberal education,
not through his writing of contributions
to the history of the various states of
our Union and the lives of American
statesmen, for this work was done as
mere "pot boilers" to enlarge his in
come. The college comrade of Roose
velt, United States Senator Lodge, has
done a good deal ofl this kind of work,
and done It far better than Roosevelt,
for he is a far better historical scholar,
a far better writer, and has a deal more
of the natural sense of historic propor
tion. The literary work of Senator
Lodge is so well and so carefully done
that, like Blaine's "Twenty' Tears of
Congress," it is of permanent historical
and literary value. Place Roosevelt on
the floor of the House or the Senate
and his comrade Lodge would outdo
him, for he is an abler reasoner, a
more accomplished orator, a far more
intellectual man. Nevertheless, Roose
velt is a far more popular, picturesque
figure before the American public today
than his college comrade and lifelong
friend, United States Senator Lodge.
Why? Not because of his early envi
ronment, for both were bom In "Easy
street"; both were graduates of Har
vard; both were men who never studied
a profession or,had any vocation out
side of literature and politics. The dif
ference between these two children of
wealth, colleges and culture is the dif
ference of temperament Roosevelt is a
man born out of his class; he Is a natural-born
fighter; he is a man who
probably never conversed in his life;
he recalls the witty description of a
dogmatic man as "absolutely delightful
In monologue, but absolutely repulsive
in dialogue." Nevertheless, this man
Roosevelt has a powerful personality;
his very faults charm the common mind,
because they Impress it with Its hon
esty and frankness and unquailing
courage. The people know that this
spectacled Roosevelt, In spite of his
short sight, could always see the enemy
at San Juan Hill, and always rode to
the front toward the line of fire, and not
to the rear, and this Is the touch of na
ture that makes him -all akin to the
cowboys of Montana. The people would
all laugh heartily at RooseVelt's tedious
Iteration about the "strenuous life,"
only they remember that he Is a sin
cere fellow who expbsed his- own life as
fearlessly for his flag as might a
drunken pirate knowing that the gal
lows was behind his defeat A' Demo
cratic paper -has "wittily said that "If
the Nation ever goes to perdition in his
time, nobody will more quickly volun
teer than Theodore Roosevelt to accom
Bill. BINGHAM'S PRIMARY SYSTEM.
It is yet too early to recommend any
plan for direct primary nominations.
The subject Is a large one, It compre
hends a multitude of detail, and legis
lation pertaining to it is not an easy
problem. No definitive method has
heen proposed, but out of the numerous
suggestions and the experience -of Min
neapolis and Lincoln with direct pri
maries, may be evolved some system
which will prove suitable to local con
ditions. Mr. E. W. Bingham's article
in the Pacific Monthly, which was -republished
In The Sunday Oregonlan, is
a broad and general survey of the sub
ject and of high educational value. The
primary law which Mr. Bingham briefly
outlines is more far-reaching than the
Minneapolis and Lincoln systems in
that It proposes the nomination of every
officer, from Constable to United States
Senator, by direct primaries, whereas
the Minneapolis plan Is confined to
county and city officers and the Lincoln
plan to city officers. .
3Ir. Bingham's idea is to ''prescribe
by law for holding an official direct pri
mary election, at which all electors who
choose to participate may, by their
votes, directly nominate party and in
dependent candidates for every office."
These candidates may offer themselves
for selection at the primaries by peti
tion of a certain number of Individual
electors, or by nomination by assem
blies of electors or party conventions.
No law could be enacted for the aboli
tion of party conventions. Any legisla
tion of this character would be violation
of the constitutional right of the people
peacefully to assemble in any numbers
for discussion of their affairs, and would
be plainly unconstitutional. It would
be just as illegal to forbid a T. M. C. A.
gathering as to forbid the session of
the county convention of -a political
party. But what statute law cannot do
public sentiment can accomplish. Be
tween the dictation or party conventions
and the right of direct participation in
the nomination of all officers, the choice
of the voter, be he Republican, Demo
crat, Populist or Prohibitionist, will not
be difficult to make. In time the party
convention will fall because voters will
havc no use for it, and the direct pri- (
mary system will obtain for all nomi
nations. " Reform in our election system and in
the administration 6f 'office" can- only be
effected by disassociating the candidate
from the influence of the machine. The
place to do this is at the - primaries.
Let the candidate go to the people for
his nomination, and not to' the machine,
and let him Btand or fall on his own
merits, and not on the dicker he is able,
to make with the bosses for division
of the spoils or distribution of political
favors, or appointment of henchmen to
deputyships. Once the method by which
men get office is thoroughly reformed
and purified, the ante-election assess
ment graft on candidates and the post
election graft of candidates on the pub
lic treasury will end, and cleaner, more
efficient and more economical conduct
of the people's business will follow as
a logical consequence.
The tremendous recuperative power of
tho American -people, and American
business Is shown by the energy with
which Galveston is being rehabilitated.
Literally swept from its foundations
by the combined fury of winds and
waves but a week ago, it is already be
ing made habitable by the energies of
generosity, heroism and business that
rallied promptly to the work.
' To prudent people, accustomed to a,
.firm foundation beneath their feet, the
determination with which the citizens
of Galveston who outlived the storm
have gone to work to rebuild and re
store the city that was builded upon
sand is practically incomprehensible.
There seems to be, in view of the situ
ation, as described -by the Mayor and
other residents of Galveston, more of
recklessness and utter defiance of con
ditions than of well-placed courage and
business acumen in the determination
to rebuild the city. There is absolutely
no security against the forces that but
now destroyed it. ,True, they may not
rally again in a hundred years, and
beat upon the utterly defenseless island
with destructive power, but certainly no
one knows or can "know this. Besides,
It may be doubted whether any hu
man being once subjected to the awful
strain of that night of terror and to
the horrors of, succeeding days in Gal
veston, can do as well there again as
he could do elsewhere. Human nerves
are sentient things, and human beings
cannot do their best when they are
subjected to undue and unnecessary
mental strain. Johnstown was swept
away by a flood in a single night, and,
was afterwards rebuilt, but not-to any
considerable extent, by the survivors of
the catastrophe.' Men seeing that the
site could be protected from the forces
that once destroyed It, re-established
its manufacturing plants, and others
who had not the horror of its calamity
to. overcome went In and peopled it.
But hundreds who had lost their all;
many who were sole survivors of their
families, or who had lost in the flood
and darkness one or more of their loved
ones, found it necessary, in order to
take up the burden of life again and
carry It with a purpose that , promised
contentment and success, -to make their
homes and establish themselves in busi
ness elsewhere. ,
Such a course is sanctioned by wis
dom. The world Is too wide, and offers
too many opportunities to energetic meh
for it to be necessary to rebuild upon
the site of wave-destroyed homes or
seek in the shifting sands of an island
in the direct path of -the periodical hur
ricane of the tropics the obliterated
lines that marked real estate holdings,
for the purpose of again taking tempo
rary possession of It
Galveston was a fair and busy city,
built upon sand, in the pathway of -the
storm. The f&'te that overtook it was,
as men conversant with its location and
meteorological characteristics now aver,
a reasonably expected event Human
ity, full-handed, is coming daily and
hourly to the rescue of Its destitute,
distracted people. It will be an indica
tion, in a way, of lack of appreciation
for these to put themselves in Jeopardy
again by rebuilding the city on the ex
posed sandspit upheaved in 'recent
'years by the. angry waters of the Gulf
of Mexico, only to be swallowed again
at pleasure by the voracious waves, or
washed at will by the changeful, high
leaping tides. Energy and determina
tion are commendable, but they are ef
fective qualities in the largest sense
only when governed by discretion.
A DEFEAT WITHOUT HALT.
The impending capture of Koomati
poort, on the frontier of the Transvaal,
and the railroad leading from Pretoria
to Delagoa Bay, will absolutely end the
Boer War, for General French has cap
tured the rolling stock of the railroad,
Including all the locomotives. Further
resistance is hopeless, and If Botha and
Dewet continue to bear arms, they will
be shot as' guerrillas" on capture, as was
Andreas Hbfer, who held out at the
head of the Tyrolese peasantry In, 1810
after the annexation of the Tyrol to Ba
varia under the treaty of peace between
Napoleon and Austria, following, the battle
The Orange Free State was annexed
May 28, and the Transvaal on SeplCem
ber 2. Paul Kruger henceforth is:a
man without a country. He is over 70
years of age. Is broken with disease, and
has but a short lease of life before him.
He is of no consequence personally to
Great Britain today; Dewet and Botha
have been the brains and hand of the
war since the death of General Joubert
Kruger has always been a man of ex
aggerated consequence, both as to abil
ity and personal character. As a youth
he was a gallant hunter and soldier,
but to statesmanship he can make no
claim. He and his oligarchy have ruled
the Transvaal in the spirit of low cun
ning and personal greed. They were all
comparatively poor when gold was dis
covered In the Rand , district. They
begged English and other foreign cap
italists to invest their money and de
velop their mines. Foreign capital
trusted to their promises and built' up
the fine city of Johannesburg of 50,000
people. Then Kruger and his. corrupt
associates taxed the foreigners into the
earth, and refused them decent political
privileges. Then the Englishmen took
an appeal to the home government, and
then Kruger, after months of double
dealing, suddenly declared war .and
tried to "rush" Natal from Newcastle
Through the signal military incapa
city of the 'English, commanders, the
Boers were successful in their warfare
until January last, when Lord Roberts
arrived. Since that hour the Boers
have been beaten without a halt in their
Our glorious Autumn weather follow-
ing a sufficient Rmount of rain,. uat.c-nly
to do away with dust, but to put fields
in some localities ready for -'the plow,
may well put even the chronic growler
out of countenance. The State Fair
only needed this,-it is said, to make it a
success 'from' the standpoint alike of a
grand agricultural, horticultural and
stock exhibit, and a- large attendance
and appreciation of the people neces
sary to keep up the financial part of the
The reported official announcement
of tle German Government that an in
dispensable preliminary to the begin
ning of peace negotiations with China Is
the delivering up of those who were re
sponsible for the outrages, t is not alto
gether credible without qualification,
for some tribunal of Investigation and
Judgment will 'be necessary to decide
who are the guilty, responsible authors
of the Pekin outbreak. This decision
would have to be rendered by an inters
national tribunal of. judges and en
forced by foreign troops, -for we could
not trust the Chinese statesmen to point
out the guilty; or it woiild have to be
made by a Gernian- tribunal and en
forced by German troops, Independent
of the rest of the powers. Germany has
not troops enough to enforce her policy,
unless shie. is backed, by Russia, France,.
England and the United' States, so tha't
this circular is probably intended mere
ly to test the sentiment of 'the rest of
the powers. If Russia declines to stay
ln Pekin, then France, the United
States and Japan will doubtless. imitate
her action. It .will then remain to be
seen whether Germany, backed by Great
Britain, would stay in Pekin. The re
cent Pekin Government can hardly be
expected to confess its own guilt, help
arrest itself and march to execution.
'The experience of the people of the
State of Washington .with "home-made"
schoolbooks is what practical.people ex
pected that It would be. The state was
without facilities for the work, To fur
nish these was in the-natura of things
expensive; the work had to be paid for;
of course the books- are expensive.
Whether or not they are crude and full
of errors, which is more than likely, has
not yet transpired, but already the
plaint of parents In regard to the cc-st
of the books Is heard, backed by figures
Bhowing that it is well grounded. Econ
omy In publication home publication
a presumptive virtue upon whichthe
state went into the business of school
book production, has not, it seems, ma-'
teriallzed. ".The cost of the experiment
comes back, as in all cases where so
called free or cheap commodities are
expected at the expense of the public,
upon consumers. The original Idea
that .state production can be or
will be. guarded against legitimate ex
pense or the peculation of self-interest
by local -'pride and loyalty is simply
absurd, and 'it is safe to assume that the
patrons of the public schools, of Wash
ington will go on paying a good price
for schoolbooks, regardless of the fact
that the state has undertaken to supply
them at a minimum coat.
Governor" 'Roosevelt' is receiving a
rousing welcome in Montana. This is
largely 'due to his personality as a
Rough Rider, and to the fact that he
was at qne time temporarily a-.Mon-tanan,
made known to the world some
of her famous hunting grounds, and ad
vertised in a most Interesting book her
great game". ' he state, however is not
.hopelessly, of Irremediaoly Democratic.
Free silver is not the qraze,there that it
was X our- years ago, and her people, in
telligent and prosperous, do not pull
lustily at 'the' halyards when the com
mand to raise he calamity flag 'is ls
:sued; eveii'by Bryan himself.' Vigor
oust systematic effort is being made-vto
.get the Issues of the campaign- from
the Republican standpoint before the
people. Governor Roosevelt Is In the
state In conjunction with this effort,
and no doubt he will prove a potent
faotor in. the campaign.
The election of S. E. Josephl as State
Senator 'to.', fill the' vacancy caused by
the resignation of Senator Joseph Si
mon cost Multnomah County 52750. The
suggestion that Governor Geer call a
special .election to fill the vacancy -in
the1 Legislature caused by the death of
A.' J. Knott for the same day on which
the Presidential election will be held, is
a good one, as it will save extra ex
pense.1 A special election has to be held
under the provisions of the Australian
ballot law, and now also under the reg
istration law, although fewer polling
places are required. The erection "of
booths throughout the city and county,
the hiring of polling places and the sal
aries of Judges and clerks, involve large
The large army of idle coal miners In
the Pennsylvania anthracite district are
deporting themselves quietly, awaiting
the issuer 'Wrhich. has been raised in their
behalfby the MIneworkers Union. It
is regarded as;lmposslbleAhat the strike
canbe of long duration. The miners
have a good case, and commercial in
terests demand that the output of coal
be hot seriously Interrupted. An order
ly, respectful waiting for a solution of
the questions involved in the strike will
redound to the credit and speedy advan
tage of the miners. The case, while the
strike was pending, was in the hands
of the managers of the MIneworkers'
Union; it Is now in the hands of the
With the death of Andrew Jackson
Knott, the last of the founders of the
old Stark-street ferry has passed away.
For many years an active factqr'ln the
life of this community in a business
that brought him in daily touch with
its members, Mr. Knott was widely
known and respected. He, with his
brother, Levi Knott, who died some
thirteen years agd, were representative
men of a sturdy class of the pioneer era.
As factors In the early development of
that time, both are well remembered
by Gregonlans of ttie older class, mem
bers -of which are rapidly passing.
At a meeting of the Professional Play
ers' Protective Association In New Tork
the other day the members of the Na
tional League admitted that baseball af
fairs had come to the point where they
needed reforming. The delegates were in
structed to inform the various clubs that
by common consensus of opinion it was
time to stop the persistent A practice of
"kicking" against the rulings of the um
pire, and that in future it shall be en
tirely abandoned. Tho players alao want
the so-catted farming evil abolished, and
are Insistent that when a player is sold
or traded he shall receive a part of the
bonus. " These faint glimmerings of re
form seem to have been inspired by the
fact that baseball 1b no longer patron
ized by the public as it once was and
that its decline has been hastened by
th? persistent quarrels and rowdyism on
'the diamond. In their discussion of the
'reform, resolution, the players admitted
that they had themselves been at fault
Yet1" it would -be useless to expect any
radical , reform of the sport so long as it
remains "under the present degenerate
management Tho managers have demon
strated" that they are' conducting pro
fessional baseball solely -for the money
they can make out of it, regardless of
methods. So long as the playersdo not
seriously object ,to being Bold from one
club to another, like horses, but merely
ask for a share of the money, their ef
forts at reform ,aro not likely to amount
'to much. Baseball is hopelessly demoral
ized and corrupt. .. The only hope of gen
uine reform seems- to He in tho complete
abandonment of the professional game
by a disgusted public
j i ' m i
THE PRESIDENT'S fcETTEIt. '
- r f 1 -
;Eturtera Preifs " Comment oa McKtn
ley.Aecep'tanc. New- Torlc Tribune, Rep. It is a docu
ment whiph places 'the Democratic candJ-.
date under (obligations to .stop phraae
making and. soberly tell what Mr. Mc
Kinley couKLhave done,, what he himself
would have .done had he occupied the ex
ecutive chair to avoid the present situa
tion in the Philippines and" "save the coun
try from the menace of imperialism about
which he iso much concerned.
"BrilHmice" Compared With "Tact."
Boston Glohe, Dem. He seems to care
not who dazzles the Nation with his brill
iance if d'njy he may lure it with his in
Comprehensive sad Exact.
New Tork, Press, Rep. It is such a re
port as a railrbad president makes to a
board of' directors which really directs.
Shown the Real Issue.
Pittsburg Dispatch, Ind. He leaves not
a shred bf the "paramount issue" of the
Kansas City platform by showing there
is no issue," Unless it be a question be
tween meeting the obligations of the Gov
ernment to the peaceful majority and
abandoning 'that majority to the mercies
of a crafty, cruel minority.
Shown Opposition to Trusts.
Buffalo Express. Rep. A brief para
graph on the subject of trusts puts the
President as firmly in opposition to them
es Mr. Bryan can' bo.
Emphasizes Bryan's Littleness.
New Tcrk-Suu;- Rep. The tone of the
letter pf acceptance marks the imtneas
'ura"2le ..distance between the responsible
sarvant of the people' who has justly
earned their confidence and the political
adventurer boxing the compass of sophist
ical and patsfbnatcrhetorlc in hi3 frantic
bid for office.
Scores n Good Point.
Boston1 Advertiser, Rep. Perhaps the
shfewdest thing in the whole letter Is its
I author's use of the word "immediate,"
Tvmcn re cites irom tne Kansas City plat
form, where it 'is carried .over, with the
added emphasis of special reaffirmation,
from the Chicago platform.
Will Sntlsfy Thousands.
New Tork World, Dem. In spite of nil
omJ-Rions and weaknesses, the picture he
makfs of his course in Cuba and, in the
Philippines Is plausible and pleasing, and
will satisfy thousands of voters who wish
to vote for him because ot sound money
and prosperity. '
His Logic "Inexorable."
Buffalo Commercial. Rep. The Hophist
ry of pound-moncy men who try to recon
cile their conscl2nce3 to the support of
tho frce-eilver champion can make no
stand aga'nst the inexorable logic of Pres
ident McKinley's presentation of the
States the Cnse in Full.
Pittsburg Times. Rep. The. Rppubllcan.
P"r'y. if nothing more were written or
said, might well afford to rest its case
before the people upon the document
Full of Sharp Points.
Buffalo News, Rep. The lstter is cne of
facts and figures full o'f sharp points use
ful for campaigners.
IIarcl Nnt for Bryan.
Pittsburg Leader Ind. H" nails the
Democracy t'- the cro's of free silver. It
will, be a decldcdlv hard nut for Mr.
Bryan and his friends to crack.
Stiver Question No Closed.
' Pittsburg Chroniclo-Talegraph. Rep.
The Republican cardldate properly re
fusts to consider the silver question a
Stimulates Thought and Action.
Pittsburg Commercial-Gazette, Rep. It
is an able prc-enfat'on of the position of
the .Rcpub'lcan party, and will stimulate
thought and effort among Republican voters-
States the Case "Well.
Indianapolis Journal. Rep. It is an ex
hrustlve and rrncterly presentation of the
case with which the Republican party
eocs to the people.
Appeals to Entire People.
Detroit Free Press. Rep. He stands pat
upon the principles of the convention that
nominated him, and boldly challenges the
verdict of the entile people.
Astnte Statement of Issues.
Detroit Tribune, Rep His presentation
of the difficulties in the way of the estab
lishment and maintenance of a protector
ate of the Islands Is most astute.
Clear and Logical.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat, Rep. The
presentation of the Philippine question Is
the clearest and most logical which has.
been ,made by anybody.
" "Inspiration to Republicans.
Cleveland Leader, Rep. In It he gives
to the RepublcanB of the country inspira
tion- for courageiln tho battle that is now
Meets All Issuen Frankly.
Springfield (111.) Journal, Rep. With his
customary courage the Republican standard-bearer
has met fully and frankly ev
ery issue that has been Injected Into the
' Broad Answer to Bryan.
Evahsvllle (Ind.) Journal, Rep. Presi
dent McKinley's answer to Bryan's cry
of anti-Imperialism is broad enough to
give notice to the world of the Nation's
Bears Imprint of Sincerity.
Grand Rapids (Mich.) Herald, Rep. The
Jetter, besides being clear and logical,
bears the Imprint of honesty and sin
cerity. niesaapre In Straightforward.
Terre Haute (Ind.) Express, Rep. Mr.
jMcKinley has touched upon tho points
pressed by the opposition, and discussed
them in a plain, straightforward man
ner. Keep the Philippines.
Louisville Courier-Journal The Courier
Journal Is not in sympathy with the prop
osition that wo shall surrender the Phil
ippines to. any faction of Filipinos or to
Meets All Issues Fairly.
Washington Star, Rep. The President
meets all tho issues fairly and squarely.
Sound money, protection, and 'the cour
ageous discharge of all the obligations
shouldered as a result of the War with
Spain, fmd In him a firm champion.
Where Congress Was Derelict.
Washington Post, Ind. Mr. McKinley's
suggestion of prohibitory or penal legis
lation against monopolistic combinations
1b In line with the anti-trust deliverance
in his last annual message.. Unfortunately,
however, he Is not able to point to any
action by Congress for repressing the
greed of trusts.
For National Honor.
Philadelphia Press, Rep. Pour years
ago William -McKinley in his letter of ac
ceptance stood, as he stands still, for Na
tlonal honesty. Today In his letter he
stands for National honor.
Strong: Point on Silver.
Boston Transcript, Ind. Rep; The Pres
ident well says that if the so-called Issue
of imperialism is admitted to b para- j
mount it cannot be denied that the Issue
of free coinage of silver is immediate.
This is a strong pojnt well made.
Does Not Rely on Promises.
Philadelphia North American, Ind. No
stronger appeal than his recital of fact3
could be made to the voters. He does
not rely upon promises or prophecies.
Document's Historical Value.
Philadelphia Public Ledger, Ind. Rep.
Tho document possesses great value as a
Bketch of the political history of the .coun
try during the present Administration.
Shorter Message Preferred.
Philadelphia Times. Ind. It would prob
ably have been shorter had it been com
pleted sooner, and. if shorter it might
have been more effective.
Imperialism Is Best Ararnment.
Philadelphia Record, Ind. Dem. Im
perialism is the theme upon which the
letter of acceptance meat exhaustively and
most successfully dwells.
Appeals to the Intelligent.
Philadelphia Enquirer, Rep. 'Mr. Mc
Klnley'3 letter will, confirm Intelligent cit
izens In their Judgment that he well de
serves the confidence of his fellow-countrymen.
Boston" Journal, Rep. It combines "the
dignity of a message to Congress, with
'the freedom In discussion which fits a
paper written to infract and Influence
15,000,000 voters at the opening of a Pres
Shows Democrats to Disadvantage.
Boston Herald, Ind. Rep. It emphasizes
Republican support of sound currency and
compares effectively the position of tho
two great parties of the Nation on this
subject much to the disadvantage of tha
If Bryan Were Elected.
New Tork Commercial Advertiser.
What would happen on the morning of
November 7 in case the news were published-
of Bryants election? The panic
would start then and there. It would not
wait for McKinley's term to expire. What
creates a panic Is the destruction of con
fidence, and confidence would vanish with
the assurance that Bryan and his Popu
lists were to be in possession of the Gov
ernment for fdur years. Precisely what
Mr. Shurtz says had begun to happen
four years ago would happen Instantly
then. Enterprise would be paralyzed, for
no enterprise is undertaken or carried on
without confidence in the future, and
there would be no confidence in the future-
with Bryan as President.
Then, too, what would be the limit of
the period of uncertainty? Bryan is
pledged to call an extra session of Con
gress immediately upon taking office.
Would that diminish the uncertainty as
put a speedy end to it? On the contrary.
It would aggravate and prolong It. If the
House of Representatives were Popo
cratlc and the Senate Republican the un
certainty would still continue, for busi
ness men would not be able to feel apy
confldence in the future so long as Con
gress was wrangling over the question of
a monetary standard. Nobody would feel
sure how long the Senate would held out,
or how soon, it might consent to a com
promise of some sort In fact, a silver
majority in both houses of Congress
would end the uncertainty, and in that
respect would be less permanently harm
ful to business interests than conflicting
majorities in the two house?, with no cer
tainty as to when they might reach agree
ment. Nothing Is so paralyzing to trade, in
dustry, commerce and enterprise as doubt
about the future, for all these arc based
on credit, and credit dies when, confidence
is destroyed. These are the veriest tru
isms of business life, and any man with
even an elementary knowledge of the
laws of the financial and business world
knows that the immediate effect of Bry
an's election would be. the destruction of
confidence and the advent of all the evils
that mu3t inevitably follow. Is it reas
onable to suppose thajt the American peo
ple. In the midst of abounding prosperity,
are going to commit such an act of "folly
as this, especially when they have only to
re-elect Prcs'dent McKinly to have abso
lute assurance that the present prosperity
will continue undisturbed and undimin
ished? Small Hope for Bryan.
New Tork Evening Post.
The real qucstton now is whether the
same influences which have operated in
the two New England States that have
Just voted will control the action of the
voters in the Middle West this year, as
In. previous Presidential contests. So far
as the financial question is concerned, the
region from the Alleghenles to Kansas
seems In no mood to run any risks about
the gold standard. So far as the issue of
imperialism Is concerned, it is on.ly reas
onable to .suppose that opposition to It
should be stronger in New England,
where there has been a traditional, feeling
against expansion evqr since the time of
the Louisiana Purchase, than In Illinois
or Iowa. As for Bryanlsm, as a whole,
few signs thus far appear that the peo
ple In the central states Incline much
more strongly toward Its acceptance than
those of Vermont and Maine. Surprises
in politics are always possible, and any
man who has studied election: returns for
a quarter of a century 13 shy of predic
tions, but it can truthfully be said by the
independent observer, in the eighth week
before election, that thero are no indica
tions of that sweeping revolution In pub
lic, sentiment which would be required for
Bryan's success. The signs rather .point
to ah exceedingly close vote in Indiana,
and to Republican victories in; the other
states of that section by majorities much
smaller than those recorded for McKln
ley in 1S9G, but still decidedly larger than
the average In years when the party has
carried the country.
3IEX ASD WOMEX .
It is rumored that tho new Duke of Argyll
may succeed Lord Cndoran as Lord Lieuten
ant oC Ireland, alter the general election.
Frederick A. Whitney, of "Watertown. Mass..
has presented a chlmo of bells to a. church
in that town as a memorial to his mother.
John Hopkins, for more than 40 years organ
ist at Rochester Cathedral, In England, died
recently In hl3 80th year. Hts last perform
ance on the cathedral organ was a "Dead
March," on tho occasion of the- death of the
Duke of Saxe-Coburg.
Michael T. Family, lata legal adviser to
President Kruger, from wh6io pen Is an
nounced a Work on the settlement In South
Africa after the war. Is an Irishman, who
commenced his career at Trlnltr College, Dub
lin, whero he gained many honors.
Ranavolo, the deposed Queen of Madagascar,
who now lives at Mustapha-. in Algeria, un
der the rigorous surveillance of the Governor
of the colony, and lives on an allowance made
by the French Government, has applied for
permission to visit Paris to seo the world's
Edmund Haviland Burke, a direct lineal de
scendant of Edmund Burke. Is again trying to
get Into the English. Parliament. Although
still a young man, he Is somewhat of an ora
tor himself. He has already stood for Par
liament as a Farnelllte, but unsuccessfully.
Thomas Peterson, of Perth Amboy, was the
first nesro to exercise the right of suffrage
under the fifteenth amendmont. Peterson wears
a sold medal given him by the people of
Perth Amboy to commemorate the fact that
ho was the first negro to vote. The vote was
cast at a special city election 10 days after
the amendment was passed.
Henri Reznler. tho French critic, who lec
tured in this country last Winter, Is writing
his imnresslons of tha country for a Parisian
newspaper, and in one article nays that, while
Germany exalted Goethe and Wagner and
Italy exalted Michael Angela and Dante,
America considers her artists liko Poe and
Whistler as accidents, and gives her homage
and admiration to gigantic money- kings.
Marshall Bishop, the oldest resident of
Aroostook County. Maine, will b 100 yean
of age next Christmas. He recently walked
from his home to Fort" Kent, a distance of 42
miles, refuslns the offer of a lift of 10 miles
from a passins driver, on the pleas that he
thought walking- the only perfect exercise, and
that he wanted, to take ftUook at tho crops as
he went along. Ho is now- on tho return trip.
xorE and comment:
November T will not be- Bsyanfot busy
A day like yesterday covers a multitude
Portland seems to have so many chil
dren she doesn't know what to do.
Let us be thankful, the last of Novem
ber, that we are satisfied with 'our cen
sus. Mr. -Bryan denies that he made money
on kls farm. He didn't even make 4&
The unhappy but inevitable interval be
tween the Summer and Christmas vaca
tion is now at hand.
If Kruger doestuot sail to Europe (fa a
faster ship than' Is taking Waldersee to
China, we shall all die of suspense.
Laborls scarce just now. but the mar
ket will be overstocked with also-ran can
didates for the Presidency very soon.
Reports 'from New Tork indicate that
Bird S. Coler will not receive the free
and unlimited support of Hon. Richard
People who are demanding to know
where Grover Cleveland stands ought to
be reasonable enough to give him time to
Chairman Jones wants .to be careful how
he carries states for Bryan. There may
not be any left for Bryan to carry in
Perhaps Mr. Croker will invite the Rev.
Charles M. Sheldon to conduct the Demo
cratic campaign in New York as the Sav
ior would have conducted It.
The onjy Tegrettable thing about the
shooting of the Galveston ghouls la that
the soldiers who shot them were not pro
vided with dum-dum bullets.
So benign was the religious system of
tho Indian that each department of tho
animal kingdom was provided with a llttlo
divinity to look after its afTalrs. Thus
the Spirit of the Great Swan looked after
all swans, the Spirit, of the Great Turtlo
controlled all turtledom, and so on
through the list, every kind of an animal
having Its own protecting spirit to guard
Its Interests and punish its enemies.
These divinities who were under the con
trol of the Great Spirit felt a"great Inter
est In the human race, and any one of
them might become the protecting genius
of any particular man.
Senator Vest has a story he sometimes
tells to illustrate Arkansas character of
the Bourbon mossback type. According
to the narrattve. tho Senator, In the days
following the Civil War. was Qn a wild
country road, which had been blocked by
a hugo tree. The natives were trying to
drag it out of the way as a whole when
Senatox "Vest arrived on the scene, looked
at the tree and at the helpless crowd of
Arkansas natives, and then said: "Why
don't you, cut the tree in two at the middle
and haul the ends out of the way?" Thero
was a moment of silence, broken suddenly
by one of the crowd, who reached for his
gun and exdlalmed: "Yankee, by gum!"
In attaining the latitude of SR degrees 33
minutes, the sledge party of the Duke of
Abruzzl advanced to within about 233
statute miles of the north pole. Tho
sledging party under command of Captain
Cagni attained a point 21.85 statute mllea
nearer tho pole than that reached by
Nansen on- April 7, 1895. The Italian ex
pedition, therefore,' has not greatly sur
passed Nansen, who, on the other hand,
made a long step In advance when he at
tained his farthest north, for he surpassed
Lockwood's record of May,. 1SS2, by 1S5.30
statute miles. The four highest records,
all made within the past 18 years, are:
The Duke of Abruzzi, 19C0. 239.15 stat
ute miles from the poler Nansen, 1S95, 261
miles; the Rram, 1S05 (during her drift
after Nansen Jef t her), 2S0.50 mites; Locfc
wood, 1SS2, -45&EO miles.
PLEASANTRIES OP PAItAGRAFHEBS
Tho Only Things Edythe Don't you think
that character In a young" man la everything?
Ethel Oh. yes; If ho has nothing: else! Puck.
Barber Shall I take a. little oft tho ends of
your hair off. sir? Customer Tlesr I think
you had better toko It off at th nda. unless
you can set it out of tha middle. GIossow
Much to Bo Thankful For. "What, another
Ico bill! Hanr it! I can't pay." "Oh, Har
old, don't bo bo violent: you ought to bo
thankful that we can afford to buy ico If wo
can't afford to pay for- It." Chicago Record.
A Hunting Expedition. Husband Gee whiz J
Same old thing. My new trousers" aro not in
tho closet whero they ought to be. Wife
Well, It won't hurt you to hunt for them.
HuabandV-No, hut It may hurt the trousers.
I'm afraid I'll bag them. Philadelphia Press.
His Ideal. "I think." said tho prlseflghter
who Is going- on the stage, "that I have dono
as much, as anybody to elevate pugilism."
"But you never seem willing to stop the con
versation and go to flghtinr." "That's tho
point. I havo developed tho element ot intel
lectual discourse. Pugilism will never reach
my Ideal until all this rough, knock-about
work has made way for refined dialogue, "
The rain set early In tonight,
Tho sullen wind was soon awake,
It tore the elm-tops down for spite.
And did Its worst to vex tho laker
I listened with heart fit to break.
When glided in Porphyria: straight
She shut the cold out and tho storm.
And kneeled and made tho cheerless grata
Blazo up. and all the cottage warm:
Which dona, she rose, and from, her form
Withdrew tho dripping cloak and shawl.
And laid her soiled gloves by. untied
Her hat and let the damp hair fall.
And. last, she sat down by my aldo
And called me. When no voice replied.
She put my arm about her waist.
And made her smooth white shoulder bare.
And all her yellow hair displaced.
And, stooping, made my check Ho there
And spread o'er all her yellow hair.
Murmuring how she loved me she
Too weak, for all her heart's endeavor.
To sot Its struggling passion frea
From pride, and vainer tlP3 dissever.
And give herself to me forever.
But passion sometimes would prevail.
Nor could tonight's gay feast restrain
A sudden thought of one so pale
For love of her, and all in vain: -
So. he was come through wind and rain,
B sure I looked up at her eyes
Happy and proud: at lost I know
Porphyria worshipped me: surprise
Made my heart swell, and still It grew
While I debated what to do.
That moment she was mlno. mino, fair, '
Perfectly puro and good: I found
A thing to do and all her hair
In one long yellow string I wound
Three times her little throat around.
And strangled, her. No'paln felt sho;.
I am quite sure she felt no pain.
As a shut bud that holds a bse.
I warily oped her lids: again
laughed, the bluo eyes without a stain.
And-1 untightened next the tross
About her neck: her cheek onco moro
Blushed bright beneath my burning kiss:
X propped heir head uj as before.
Only, this time my shoulder bore
Her head, which droops upon it stilt:
Tho smiling rosy little head.
So rlad it has Its utmost will.
That all It scorned at onco is fled.
And I. Its love, am gained instead!
Porphyria's love: she guessed not how
Hot darling one wi3h would bo heard.
And thus wo sit together now.
And all night long we have, not stlrrs4.
..And yet God has not soil a wonll " "