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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 18, 1900)
4T s r
VOL. XL. NO. 12,407.
POKTEAND, r OREGON, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1900.,
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
MACKINTOSHES, RUBBER AND OIL-CLOTHING
Rubber Boots and Shoes, Belting, Packing and Hose.
Largest and most complete assortment o f all kinds of Rubber Goods.
Goodyear Rubber Company
R. H. PEASE. President.
F. M. SHEPARD, JR., .Treasurer.
J. A. 6HEPARD, Secretary.
BLUMAUER-FRANK DRUG CO., ,
WHOLESALE nd IMPORTING DRUGGISTS; 144-146 FOURTH STREET
Kodaks. Cameras and Photo Supplies t wholesale and retalL Distributors for all the
leading proprietary preparations for Oregon, Washington and Idaho.
SUMMERS & PRAEL CO.
WHOLESALE AND RETAILERS 15
ina5 Crockery. Glassware
LAMP GOODS AND CUTLERY
Hotel, Restaurant and Bar Supplies a specialty.
Xll THIRD STREET 267 WASHINGTON STREET
Shaw's Pure Malt
The Condensed Strength and Nutriment of
Barley and Rye
BlUmpeF & HOCft, HO Fourth Street .
Sole Distributers. for Oregon
Q. P. Rummefin & Sons
Alaska Sealskins OurSpecialty
FUR ROBES TUR RUGS
Highest price paid for raw furs. .
Oregon Tel. Main 401.
126 SECOND ST., near Washington
- Rooms Single J5c to SL60 per day
Flmt-CInss Check Keitnnrnnt Rooms Double $1.00 to $2.00 per day
Connected With. Hotel. Rooms Family U.50 to $3.00 per day
J. P. DAVIES, Proi.
St Charles Hotel
FRONT AND MORRISON STREETS
American end European Plan.
iregon Agricultural College
A public Institution maintained by the United States and the State of Oregon.
Tuition free and no charges for Incidental expenses. Agriculture, mechanical engi
neering, electric engineering, household science, pharmacy, school of mines, two
years of mo"iern lrguae: two years of Latin allowed. New buildings, new ma
chinery, military drill for men, physical culture for women, newly equipped gym
nasium for alt
The Next Term Will Begin September 21, 1900
For catalogue address Thos. M. Gatch, President, or John D. Daly, Secretary
Board of Regents, Corvallls. Oregon.
Carnival Visitors "
One of the points of interest in. oar city. Oar
friends &nd customers are invited to make our
bouse headquarters while attending tha Carahntl.
HsroeMf Robe and Wbtpa.
Entertaining as a Fine Art.
Entertaining is conceded to be a fine art. A woman can find nothing more
helpful than a Pianola In entertaining her friends. "With a Pianola's help, ah can
always provide delightfully fine music. Drop In and see the instrument. Wo sell
also highest grade pianos the Steinwar and the A B. Chase.
M. B. WELLS, Northwest Agent for the Aeolian Company '
353, 355 Washington Street opp. Cordray's, Portland, Or.
"We are sole agents for the Pianola.
It Is exhibited only at our warerooms.
Xew Baseball Association.
NEW YORK, Sept. 17. Representatives
of six cities met here today and or
ganized the National Association of Base
ball Clubs. To bind the agreement each
city's representative deposited $5000. The
cities represented were Baltimore, Phila
delphia, Chicago, Milwaukee, Boston and
fit. Louis. A committee was appointed to
All out the Eastern circuit with one .more
city and to secure one more Western city,
cs it is the intention to have a circuit of
73-75 FIRST ST.
BEAU BRUMMELL ;ND
LA LITA CIGARS
Alaska Indian Bukrts.
-.-v- - -w
. : ., f'PTmNlj-OREGON
CT. BELCHER. Sec and Treas.
American plan $1.25, S1.E0, n.75
European plan 50c. 75c, $1.00
320-338 E. Morrison St.
Sovereign Lodge of Odd Pellavrii.
RICHMOND, "Va., Sept 17. The Sover
eign Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows met
In tills city today In annual convention.
The convention was called to order by
Grand Sire PInklnton. The session was
confined to the welcoming ceremonies.
The following appointments were an
nounced today: Grand secretary, James
R. Miller, Illinois; assistant grand me
senger, James D. Craig, Maryland: cus
todian of secret work A. Adonah, Dis
trict of Columbia; assistant custodian
aecret work, J. W. Beden, Iowa.
SAME OLD ARGUMENT
Bryan's Letter of Acceptance
' Given Out.
GROUND HE HAS COVERED BEFORE
Renew the Pledges He Made Four
Year Agro Minor Planks of the
; Democratic Platform.
LrNCOLN, Neb.. ,Sept 17. The letter
of the Hon. W. J. Bryan accepting the
Democratic nomination for President was
given out today, and is as follows:
Hon. James D.' Richardson, Chairman,
and others of the. Notification Committee
of, the Democratic National Convention
Gentlemen: In accepting the nomination
tendered by you on behalf of the Demo
cratic party,- I beg to assure you of my
appreciation of the great, honor .conferred
upon me by the delegates In convention
assembled, and by the voters whogave
instruction to the, delegates.
I am 'sensible of the responsibilities
which rest upon the chief magistiate of
so great a Nation, and realizo the far
reaching effect of the questions involved
in the present contest
In my letter of acceptance of.lSSS I
made the following pledge: - i
"So deeply am I Impressed with the
magnitude of the power vested by the
Constitution In the chief Executive at
the Nation, and with-the enormous Influ
ence which 'he can wdeld for the benefit
or Injury' of -the people, that I wish to
jenter the office, If elected, free from any
personal desire, except the desire to prove
worthy of the confidence of my country
men. Human judgment is fallible enough
when unbiased by selfish considerations,
and In order' that I may not be-tempted
to use the patronage of ''the office' to ad
vance any personal ambition, I hereby
announce, , with all -the emphasis which
words can express, my fixed idetermlna
tlon not, under any circumstances, to be
a candidate for re-election in case this
campaign results In my election."
Further reflection and observation con
strain me to renew this pledge.
The platform . adopted at Kansas City
commands my, cordial and unqualified ap-'
proval. .It courageously meets the Issues
now before the country, and states clear
ly and without ambiguity the party's -position
on every question considered.1
Adopted by a convention which assembled'
on the anniversary of the signing of the
Declaration -of Independence, -it hreathes
the spirit of candor, independence and
patriotism which characterizes those who
at Philadelphia- in-1776 promulgated the
creed of the Republic
. Having in my notification speech dis
cussed somewhat at length "the paramount)
issuer-Imperialism and -added some obser
vations on-militarism and the Boer War,
'it Is sufficient at this -time to review the
remaining planks of the -platform, i
. . , - " . ' Trusts. ' -
Tke Platform very properly stives ivrom-
lnenoe. to the trust question, The appall-
of aade" durlmj the" -present Administra-
lican pai-tyi lacks; elther'ihe desire or the
ability to deal with the question effective
ly. If, as may .be fairly assumed "from
the speeches and conduct of r the Repub
lican leaders, that party does not .intend
to take the people's side against 'these, or
ganizations, then the weak and qualified
condemnation of trusts to be found in
the Republican platform .is designed to
distract attention while Industrial despot
ism is completing (lts .work. A -private
monopoly has always been an outlaw. . No
defense can be made of an industrial sys
tem in which one or a few men can con
trol for their own profit the output or
price of any article of merchandise. Un
der such, a system the consumer suffers
extortion, the producer of raw material
has out one purchaser, and must sell at
the arbitrary. price fixed; the laborer has
but one-employer, and Is . powerless, to
protest against Injustice, either In. wages
op in conditions of labor; the small stock
holder Is at tho mercy of the speculator,
while the traveling salesman contributes
his salary to the'overgrown profits of the
trust Since but a small proportion of
the people can share In the advantages
secured by private monopoly, it follows
that the remainder of the people are not
only excluded from the benefits, but are
the helpless victims of every, monopoly
organized. It Is difficult ,to overestimate
the immediate injustice that may be done,
or to calculate the ultimate effect of, this
injustice upon the social and political
welfare of the people. Our platform, after
suggesting certain specific remedies,
pledges the party to an unceasing war
fare against private monopoly in Nation,
state and city. I heartily approve of this
promise; if elected, it shall" be my earnest
and constant endeavor to fulfill the prom
ise in letter and spirit , I shall select an
Attorney-General who will without fear
or favor enforce existing laws; I shall
recommend such additional legislation as
may be necessary to dissolve every pri
vate monopoly' which does business out
side of tho state of Its origin, and If, con
trary to my belief and hope, a Constitu
tional amendment Is found to be neces
sary, I shall recommend such an amend
ment as will, without impairing any of
the existing rights of the states, em
power Congress to protect the people of
all the states from Injury at the hands
of individuals or corporations engaged in
The platform accurately describes the
DIngley tariff law when It condemns It
as a "trust-breeding measure, skillfully
devised to give to the few favors which
they do not deserve, and to place upon
the many "burdens which they should not
bear." Under its operation trusts can
plunder the people of the United States
while they successfully compete in for
eign markets with manufacturers of other
countries. Even those who justify the
general policy of protection will find it
difficult to defend a tariff which enables
a trust to exact an exorbitant toll from
Corporations In Politics.
The Democratic party makes no, war
upon honestly acquired wealth; neither
does It seek to embarrass corporations
engaged In legitimate business; but it
does protest against corporations enter
ing politics and attempting- to assume con
trol of the instrumentalities of govern
ment A corporation Is not organised for
political purposes, and should be' com
pelled to confine Itself to the buslnes"s de
scribed In Its charter. Honest corpora
tions engaged In an honest business tv 111
find It to their advantage to aid in the
enactment of such legislation as will pro
tect them from the undeserved odium
which will be brought upon them by those
corporations which enter the political
The Republican party has persistently
refused to comply with the urgent request
of the Interstate Commerce Commission
for such an enlargement of the scope of
the Interstate commerce law as will en
able the commission to realize tho hopes
aroused by its creation. The Democratic
party is pledged to legislation which will
empower the commission to portect Indi
viduals and communities from discrimi
nation, and the public at large from .un
just and unfair transportation rates.
TJie Financial Plank. -
Tho platform reiterates the demand
contained In tho Chicago platform for an
American, financial system made by tlie
American people for themselves. The
purposo of such a system is to restore
and maintain a bimetallic level of prices,
and in order th,at there may be no un
certainty as to the method of restoring
blmotall3m, the specific 'declaration In
favor of, free and , unlimited coinage at
the existing ratio of 16 to 1, Independent
of the action of other nations. Is 're
peated. In 1S96 the Republican party rec
ognized the necessity for blmetallsm by
pledging the party to an earnest effort
to secure an International agreement for
tho free coinage of sliver, and the Presi
dent, immediately after his inauguration,
by authority of Congress, appointed a
commission composed of distinguished
citizens to visit Europe and solicit for
eign aid. Secretary Hay, in a letter writ-'
ten to Lord Aldenham In November, 1808,
and afterward published In England, de
clared that at that time the President
and a majority of his Cabfnet still be
lieved in the great desirability of an In
ternational agreement for tho restoration
of the double Btandard, but that it did
not seem opportune to reopen the 'nego
tiations just' then. The financial law en
acted less than a year ago contains a
concluding section declaring that the
measure was not Intended to stand In the
way of the restoration of blmetallsm,
whenever it could be done by co-opera-tibn
with' other nations. The platform
submitted to the lastRepubllcan Conven
tion, with the Indorsement of the Admin
istration, again suggested the possibility
of securing foreign' aid In restoring silver.
Now the Republican party, for the first
time, openly abandons its advocacy of
the double standard, and indorses tho
monetary system which It has so often
and emphatically condemned. ' The Demo
cratic party, on the contrary, remains the
steadfast advocate of the gold and silver
coinage of the Constitution, and Is not
willing that other nations shall determine
for-us tfie time and manner of restoring
sliver to its ancient place as a standard
money. Tho ratio of 16 to 1 Is 'not only
-the ratio now existing between all the
gold and silver dollars In circulation .In
this country, a ratio which even i the Re
publican Administration has not attempt
ed to change, but it is the only ratio
advocated by those who are seeking to
'reopen 'the mints. Whether the Senate,
now hostile to blmetallsm, can be
"changed during this campaign or the
campaign of 1902 can only be determined
after the votes are counted, but neither
thek present nor the future political com
plexion of Congress has prevented or
should prevent an announcement of the
party's position upon this subject In un
equivocal terms.' t
The currency bill, which received tho
'sanction of the Executive and the Repub
ilcan members of the House and Senate,
justifies the warning given by the Demo
cratic party in 1896. It- was then predict
ed .that the Republican party would at
'tempt to retire "the greenbacks, although
,tho jartyandits leaders studiously con
cealed their intentions. That purpose-Is
now plain; and' the peppier must-"choose
'between the-retention 'o'f -the -gr eenbacksr
issiced and controlled, id volume by the
dovernmenii, Wd a "Netiojrml,, banJT note v
curjrencyrissnea ojr ra.nss ana'connifw'
In Sheir owhT Interests'. If ttie Nation!
"hanlc note5'arerto be secured by Don4i
'the currency- system' now supporteq'4fiy
the Republican party involves "a permar
nent and increasing debt, and, so long
as this system stands, -' the flhanc1al4
classes will be tempted to throw their
powerful Influence upon, th'e side of any
measure which will contribute to the "size
and permanency of a National debt. It Is
hardly conceivable that the American
neoDle will deliberately turn from the
debt-paying pol!cyi of the past to the.
dangerous doctrine or perpetual -Donas.
Election of Senators By the People.
The demand for a Constitutional amend
ment providing for the election of -Senators
by direct vote of the people appears
for the first time In a Democratic Na-'
tional platform, but a resolution propos
ing such an amendment has three times
passed the House- of Representatives, ,nnd
that, too, practically without opposition.
Whatever, may have been the reasons
which secured the adoption of the, pres
ent plan, a century ago, new conditions
have mado it imperative that the people
be permitted to speak directly In the se
lection of their representatives ' in the
(Concludod on Fifth Panro )
SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT NEWS
Bryan's letter of acceptance was given to the
public. Page 1.
Hoosovelt made two speeches in Helena lost
night speaking during the day in other
Montana towns. Page 1. ,
Colorado Republicans nominated Frank C
Goudy or Governor. Page 2.
Bryan made speeches in Missouri and Kansas.
Pose 2. .
Chinese negotiations coma to a standstill.
The powers have accepted 11 Hung Chang as
a negotiator. Page 8.
Instructions to the Philippine Commission are
made public Pago 8.
Plans are beinc drawn for harbor improve
ments In Manila. Page 3.
Dissolution of Parliament will occur Septexn-
t ber 25. Page 8.
Lord Roberts will leave South Africa for Eng-
. land about October 8. Page 8.
Yesterday marked the formal beginning of the
coal miners' strike. Page 2.
Galveston's list of dead numbers 4078. Page 8.
Emperor 'William sends a message of sym
pathy. Page 3.
Six persons perished In a Cincinnati Are.
Page 5. " '
The Oregon 8tate Fair opened at Salem yester
day, under very favorable circumstances.
Oregon Supreme Court defines the powers of a
grand jury in decision of 'appealed' Mult
nomah County case: Page A. ,
All Alaska is infected with smallpox, and
strict quarantine regulations are prescribed.
Roseburg Street Fair opens with a large at
tendance and good weoher. Page 4.
H. Peck and daughter Injured whllo crossing
railroad track at Medford. Page 4.
Government Is building raiiroad spur to secure
direct delivery of rock to Columbia River
Jetty. Page 4.
Commercial and Marine.
"Wheat holding steady and freights advancing.
Page 11. '
Liberal subscriptions to German war, loan
Page 11. - - .
England's financial " affairs In unsatisfactory
shape. Page 11. -- - r
Portland will dispatch'' threo Oriental steam-
- shlpv this month. Page 10.
Heavy advance in oil freights. PagoO.
Isocal. . -
A J. Knott, East Side pioneer. Is dead.
Page 12. ,
Schools open with a large'enrollment Page 10.
Senator Fairbanks and Charles A. Towne will
speak In Portland tonight Pager 1 and'7.
NO CAUSE TO SNEER
Roosevelt ' Resents Bryan's
Charges Against Soldiers. ,
NO IDLENESS IN THE ARMY NOW
The Vice-Presidential Candidate's
StlrrlnsT" Speeches in Montana
Spoke Last Nlffht in Helena.
HELENA., Mont., Sept 17. The Roose
YtJic1 special arrived at this place at i
o'clock today, where the night was spent
Tomorrow morning the party will leave
for Butte, making short stops at Basin,
Boulder and Clancy. An evening meet
ing ' is"1 arranged at Butte for" tomorrow
SENATOR FAIRBANKS TONIGHT
, - -
grr?' f TlTLTrSPBAiChA.TCORDnAY'STHiSATJBB.
t JSefaator. Charles W. Fairbanks, of Indiana,
fiwnm Rati Wrtrttfrn $A la BnV resiJlft
Seel, of the Republican State Central Committee, has arranged to meet the Senator at Ore
gon City and escort blm to Portland.
Senator Fairbanks" Is thetl! Senator elected from Indiana, and la now serving his
first term, succeeding-Daniel W. Voorhees. He is a native of Ohio, and 48 years of age.
His career in Indiana, began In 3874, since which time he has been a resident of Indian
apolis. He has been a recognized leader in politics since 1888. when the Republicans of In-
, dlona were divided between Judge Greshara and General Harrison. Mr. Fairbanks recog
nized the ability of General Harrison, whW he supported.
On the occasion of the rally th'ls e anlng Chairman Steel will preside, and the following
Vice-presidents will have seats on the stage. l , .
George H. Williams, T. T.'Geer, H. JV. Corb'ett. John McCraken. C. A. Dolph, Joseph Si
mon, G. "W. JifcBrlde, T. H, Tongue, M. A. Moody, ,D. M. Dunne, "Wallace McCamant. Peter
H, TVard. Donald Mackay, Rufusi'Mallory, Georg'o C. Brownell, Solomon HlMch. J. M. Church.
O. F. Partem, Tllmon Ford. J.'.CFullerton, W.'J. Furnish. C. JW. Fulton. M. L,. Pipes. W.
T.Muir, I. R. Webster,' C.M. Jdleman, J. P.. Kennedy, "W. S. Dunlway. O. Summers. C.
"F. Beebe, Blnger Hermann, '"W.jWj Cotton. V. D. Fenton, W. M. Ladd, J. E. Haseltino,
' Tyler "Woodward, A. I. Mills, F.' W.Cushman,4A.I. -Foster, "W I. Jones, Henry E. Ankeny,
E, D. Stratford, E. M. Crolsan, ,A. B. 'Croasman. Z. Ho user, John H. Hall, J. M. Long. Dr.
E M. Hutchinson. AdamKlippel. C. U.Gantenbetnand the following' presidents of league
clubs: James Steel, O. V S." Plummer, M. E. (Thompson, T. H. Prince, C. H. Prescott "W. A.
Cleland, H. S. Rowe, C.F. Pearson. , J. C. Jameson, J. T.-Grtcir.. S. C. Beach. J. S. Otis,
J. T. Gilbert, J. F. "Winters,-J. E. Howard, W. C. BeIt,:G. R. Sjiaw, Joseph Ellis.
night at which the Governor will speak.
.He will proceedv from there to .DIJlon,
Lima, Pocatello, Ida.; Ogden and Salt
Lake City. .,
Two meetings were held here ,tnls.even
ing, one at the Auditorium and the sec
ond at the Opera House, so as' to enable
as many as possible to hear. Even this
arrangement did not permit all to hear
who wanted to get In. C. , M. ' Webster,
chairman of the State Republican Com
mittee, called the meeting at 'trie Audito
rium to order. Senator Carter 'presided,
and speeches were mado by -Hon.' John
Proctor Clarke, General Curtis Guild, Jr.,
and others. Ex-Governor Richards, ex
Senator Lee Mantle and Judge e Wltte,
from Butte, Joined Governor Roosevelt to
day -at Billings to escort "him to Butte.
The Alice band, uniformed as -'Rough
Riders, escorted the Governor throughout
the day on board the special train. i
'Governor Roosevelt, at the Auditorium
tonight spoke In part as follows:
"In a recent speech at Chicago Mr.
Bryan Is reported to have spoken as fol
lows: " 'Can' 100,000 soldiers In a country" like
this take charge and change the form of
government? No. But the fact that a
people like ours permit this bodes no good
to American Institutions. If 100,000 sol
diers -are permitted to walk about In Idle
ness where one soldier would do, what
are we coming to?'
"This extract contains such an extraor
dinary variety of misconceptions that it
seems difficult to believe It can be a cor
rect report. If correct, however, it is In
teresting, In the first place, to see that
Mr. .Bryan has abandoned the Kansas
City' platform and his own message of
acceptance, In so far as they, define the
kind of danger arising from our mili
tarism. The absurdity of speaking of an
army of 100.000 men as a threat to the
country. when one-third of them are vol
unteers and the rest regulars, provided
for for only two years by Congress, Is so
palpable that the mere statement of the
case" Is sufficient for the refutation. But
It is no more absurd than the extraordi
nary position actually token In the above
quotation. What Is It that bodes no good
to American institutions? It Is the slxty
odd 'thousand regulars, for tho most part
in' the Philippines? Mr. Bryan ought to
know by this time that Inasmuch as
Thomas Jefferson handed over to his suc
cessor an army which he had Increased
until It 'represented 1.4 of a soldier for
every 1000 population, and as no damage
to our Institutions followed, there is
scant room for apprehension on the part
of- even the most timid soul from tho
existenco of an army of .88 of a man for
every, 1C00 of population. Under President
McKi'pley, while there 13 war In the Phil
ippines; our regular Army has shrunk to
but- little more than half the relative size
.which It had attained at the end of
President Jefferson's administration dur
ing o. period of profound peace.
,v Soldiers Earn Their Pay.
"Even more extraordinary, however, is
the statement that 100,000 soldiers are per-
mltted to walk about in idleness where
one soldier would do. If It were not fot
Mr. Bryan's other utterances on the sub
ject. It would seem absolutely Impossible
that this statement could have been, cor
rectly reported. A hundred thousand sol
diers in idleness! Think of these words
being spoken by a candidate for the
highest office In the gift-of the American
people of, the men who have passed a
year of such grinding toll and desperate
danger In the Philippines that we here
can form no conception of all that they
have dared and risked and endured.
They have been worn down month In and
month out marching from dawn until
darkness through the mud of the tropical-
swamps, sleeping when and how they
could, eating. what they. could gather, or
going without; facing death by bullets at
overy step from a foe ten tlme3 as nu
merous as themselves, and. If wounded
and left behind, facing what was Infinite
ly worse than death the most dreadful
torture. With what patient, uncomplain
ing, unflinching, never-wearying courage
they have done all this and have mad,
not only America but all mankind their
debtors. And their reward Is that the
chosen representative of one of the two
.will arrive In Portland this morning at 7:45
TfeiA ti -4tt Ainw "Vi a ! nifMw k
great parties sneers at them as walking
about in idleness..-
'"Some -of them no longer walk about In
.Idleness. Lawton no longer walks about
In Idleness. Llscum no longer walks about
In Idleness. Rellly no longer walks about
In idleness. Many an officer, many a sol
dier, rests for ever In peace peace be
cause his life of toll and effort for his
country has come to the kind of end which
should at least secure freedom from slight
or slander, both for the valiant dead and
for the no less valiant living.
"One soldier do the work of those men I
Are our memories so short already to for
get the hurry with which we drew troops
both from America and the Philippines
when the blood of" our people called from
China, and the awful danger of the
women and children In Pekln stirred to
Its" Inmost soul the manhood of all Chris
tendom? Small indeed Is the chance of
Idleness for our soldiers In the Philip
pines so long as the Insurgents are aided
and abetted by one of tho great parties
Iri this country. Every American public
man who holds high the honor of his
country should have graven on his heart
the solemn prophecy of Lawton. Let him
"beware above all else of the word3 that
speed the bullets of our country's ene
mies. , "Idleness? Was Leonard Wood Idle
when "for the first time In 300 years ho
cleaned a Spanish city? Was he Idle
when he fed and clothed and schooled
the child of the reconcentrado? Was he
idle when he lifted Into active labor the
man sunk Into shiftless apathy by cen
turies centuries of- Spanish tyranny?
Was he idle when he started this man
with long strides on the path of self
government? Were Generals MacArthur,
Wheaton and Young Idle when they drove
plunderer and murderer before them, that
under tho shadow of our flag the scarred
wilderness might again become a fruit
ful land? Was Chaffee Idle when, eager
ly obeying the President's command, he
led the march toward the Forbidden City?
Was the boy Tltu; idle when, springing
lightly from the ranks, he planted on the
walls of an Immemorial despotism the
flag which stood for rescue and for free
dom? Idleness! Such Idleness Is of the
kind that plain men call heroism, and
thrice happy is the country which can
The Speech nt Billings.
The Roosevelt special arrived at Billings
at 1 o'clock this morning, and remained
until 9:30, when It started on Its Journey
to Helena. At Billings this morning the
party left the train and proceeded to a
platform erected In the station park,
where the Governor made a short address
to. the people. There were excursions
present from Red Lodge, Butte, Helena
and other places adjacent The inhab
itants of the City of Billings also turned
out en masse, making a very large au
dience. Montana Is the greatest wool
producing state In the Union, and E1I
llngs Is the principal wool-shlppmg, as
well as wool-marketing, place in the state.
(Concluded on Second Pago.)
IS A NEW STATE FAIR
Present Meeting in No Sense
a Stereotyped Affair.
ESSENTIALLY A FARMERS' PA11
Everr Exhibit Is the Best of Its Claaa
Poor Other States Axe
Represented. STATE FAIR GROUNDS, Sept IT.
(Staff correspondence.) This is not a
stereotyped state fair. It Is the biggest
exhibition of Its kind ever seen at Solenu
It is essentially a farmers fair, prepared
specially for and presenting that which
I conduces to- the prosperity of those who
till the soil. It has far and away tha best
exhibits ever known here. Everything
and every creature shown Is the very- best
of Its class not a mediocre exhibit of
livestock or agriculture on the ground.
But Oregon is not the only state repre
sented. The finest livestock raised In the
State of Washington is here, including
the Jersey cow from the Hazelwood farm
that won the cup at the Spokane stock
show last year. More than notable is tha
herd of Herefords shown by John Sparks,
of Reno, Nev. They represent a value of
520,000, and Include a prize heifer for
which $2600 waa refused. L. K. Coggswell,
of Olympla, the pioneer breeder of Red
Polled cattle for the Pacific Northwest,
is here with a handsome herd. Davis
Bro3., of Dyer. Ind.. have cattle, Victoria
swine and Cotswood sheep. Session Bros.,
of Los Angeles, have Berkshire and Po
land China swine, reputed to be the best
herd In California. James Glide, of Sac
ramento, has a drove of Rambouillft
sheep, the giants of the Merino family.
These "foreign" exhibits are specifically
mentioned not for Invidious distinction,
but to show that the, fair thl3 year Is
more than local In Its scope. Nor is It to
be assumed that neighboring states show
better products than our home breeders,
particularly those of the Willamette "Vat
ley. It is possible that blue ribbons may
be carried away from the state, hut not
probable, because It Is not easy to con
ceive of better livestock than the best
now on the grounds from the farms of
Western and Eastern Oregon.
Two men whose business takes them to
California as well as Oregon every year
made the statement today that the Sac
ramento fair never had so valuable nor
so large an exhibit of livestock as Is now
on the Salem grounds.
Is It worth whllo for those who valuo
the breeding of good livestock on a large
scale to come to the State Fair this year?
Will It bo profitable for those who are
7"giVlng-uS,"wheat for dairies to- take the
present comprehensive object-lesson?
May It not add to the income of those
who ralso a few cows, sheep or swine to
learn from specialists the approximate
financial results from Improving breeds?
Let Dr. Jame3 Wlthycombe, vlcc-dlrec-tor
of the Oregon Agricultural College,
answer. He Is an expert, and speak3
without prejudice. He has no ax to grind.
Thl3 Is what he said:
To a visitor to the State Fair this year there
Is presented the opportunity of seeing the very
highest type of tho different breeds of dairy
cattle Jerseys. Holstelns, Guernseys. Red
Polled and dairy Shorthorn. Additional to see
ing for himself, he ha the opportunity of con
versing with experts and of learning from their
experience the best points in the breeding, tho
food and the core of dairy stock. In one or
tw o days on the- grounds he can acquire such,
accurate knowledge on these subjects as one
month of travel among farms could scarcely
Further, they can learn on another part of
the srounds ail they would wish to learn on
the subject of dairying, get all the cold facts
of exuerience on the subject of handling milk
and cream, manufacturing butter and cheese
and the newest and most approved machinery
and appliances. For there are In practical
oporatlon two creameries.
Apart from the horses, heep. swine, and poul
try, the livestock on the grounds is almost a lib
eral education on the subject. I wish, through
The Oregonlan. to commend it to those In tho
"Willamette Valloy and Southern Oregon who
have recently gone Into the creamery business,
and to the many more who expect to go Into
tho Industry soon. I promise them that the
knowledgo gained will pay. tho expenses of a
visit many times over.
I knew- from hearsay something of what was
to be expected, but tho realisation surpasses
anything that I had Imagined. Tho exhibit la
more than complete In every detail.
A newspaper may publish columns of
written description of livestock, and sup
plement this with pictures, and yet con
vey only In a feeble way Information con
cerning the subject In hand. Therefor
It may be well to say to those specially
Interested and within easy reach that a
visit to tho State Fair this year will not
be without profit Some of the notablo
oxhiblts are here detailed:
J. L. Smith, of Hazelwood Farm, Spo
kane, show3 five .Jerseys, . seven Guern
seys and six Holstelns. Among the Jer
seys Is a cow, 5 years old, which took
the first prize at tho Spokane Industrial
Exposition and Stock Show last year.
Hazelwood also shows 10 Poland China
swine. This Is the first time that the
stock of this farm was shown in Oregon.
Last year W. M. Ladd, of Portland, and
W. O. Minor, of Heppner, came to Spo
kane with exhibits and the Hazelwood
people wished to show a spirit of reciproc
ity. D. H. Looney, of Jefferson, has 18 head
of Jerseys, as fine as ever were seen In
side a state fair, or outside.
W H. Savage, of Marlon County, has a
herd of Jerseys which take a back seat
E. A. Hlnkle, of Roseburg, show3 seven
head of Red Polled cattle,, which everone
L. K. Coggswell, of Olympla, has 28
head of Red Polled cattle. He Is the pio
neer of the Pacific Northwest In raisins
this breed and Is more than satisfied with
W. O. Minor, of Heppner. has 18 Short
horns, part of them from the famous
farm of Miller & Son, Carlos City, Ind.
The "star" in the exhibit Is Sallle Girl,
4 years old. who weighs nearly 2100 pounds.
Her picture was published In The Ore
gonlan a few days ago, but to look at It,
no one would suspect that she was three
feet wide across the hips and so flat that
a straightedge would touch every part of
the broad plane. Another star 13 Lovely,
also 4 years old. not quite so tall as Sallle
Girl, but broader.
Charles E. Ladd, Oak Hill Stock Farm,
North Yamhill, shows 16 splendid speci
mens of Shorthorn cattle, including Tops
man, the champion bull of Canada, and
(Concluded on Fifth Page.)