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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 30, 1900)
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TE MOTJNING OHE&ONIAN, THURSDAY, AUGUST 30, 1900.
(Copyright, 1900, by Seymour Baton.)
THEOREGONIAN'S HOME STUDY CIRCLE: DIRECTED BY PROF. SEYMOUR EATON
HISTORIC STUDIES IN
BY MARGARET JUIfSI.EE.
'When Qneen .Elizabeth attempted to
raw from Sir James Melville come un
favorable comment Tjpon her Scottish
cousin's performance upon lute and vir
Sinai, he parried her thrusts by declaring
that "she played reasonably for a Queen."
Jfot content -with so non-commltal a re
ply, the subtle coquette planned one or
her delightful little Impromptus, hoping
therewith to surprise an unwilling compli
ment from the wily ambassador. She ac
cordingly caused Melville to he conducted
y & lord-in-waiting to a gallery, whose
(From the "Theorica Muslce" 14K or Fra
silence was unbroken save by the expres
sionless tlnklo of the virginal upon which
ehe was artlessly pouring out her soul.
Instantly divining the ruse, the canny
Scot suffered himself to be intruded into
the royal presence, protesting that the
music he had heard was of so exquisite a
Jcind that it had irresistibly drawn him
thither. Compliments sufficiently stimu
lating to the Queen's jaded sensibilities
were then showered upon her, but naught
derogatory to Mary's accomplishments
could be wrung from the master of equi
voque. This little incident but serves to
ilx tho date of the spinet or virginal, said
by many to have been named for this
Queen among virgins, by others to have
been so called simply "because maids
and virgins do most commonly play up
Whatever the derivation of the name of
the virginal, it is sufficient to know that
the instrument was one of the ancestors
of the modern piano. AH stringed ln
6truraents of whatever size, shape or
name, played by means of a keyboard,
were descended from the hapslchord
or virginal, or else from the clavichord,
and they differed from- each other in the
means by which their sounds were pro
duced and the consequent distinction in
the quality of their tone. In one class
eound was obtained by pressure and
shortening of the strings, while in the
other a similar result was achieved by
Italian Virginal, Sixteenth Century.
(South Konslngton Museum.)
plucking the strings with quills or Jacks.
The clavichord traced its ancestry back
to the monochord, a primitive instrument
having a single string stretched over a
soundboard, upon which were marked the
divisions corresponding to the different
degrees of the scale, and a movable
bridge UEod for tho measurement of vl
fcrating lengths. As shown in the illus
tration the earliest monochords were
stretched by means of weights, some va
rieties mentioned by Greek theorists hav
ing as many as four strings. Soon a
primitive form of keyboard, such as had
been used with antiquated organs, was
applied to the monochord. In time the
movable brldgo was replaced by an up
right wedge attached to the key lever,
which, when tho key was pressed by the
Singer, struck the string, set it In vibra
tion and simultaneously shortened It to
tho length indicated by tho key's posi
tion. From this modified monochord there
was but a briof transition to the clavi
chord (from "clavls." a key. and "chor
da," a string), which. In spite of Its in
creasing number of keys and strings,
kopt the name of monochord as late as
the 16th century. It was probably In ref
erence to this instrument thnt the fol-
Harpsichord, End of the Sixteenth
(Museum of the Pari Conservatory.)
lowing letter was written by the poet
Sembo to his daughter:
"Touching thy desire to learn to play
upoa the nvonoohord. 1 answer, since be
cause of thy tender years thou canst
not know of thyself, that playing is sult
od only for vain and frivolous women;
&ut I desire thee to be the purest and
most lovable maiden in the world. More
over, thou wouldst have but little pleas
ure or renown if thou playedst badly.
sand to play well it would be necessary
ior thee to spend M or 12 years in prac
tice. Consider for thyself if that would
he proper for thee. If now thy friends
and companions desire -thee to learn to
play in order to give them pleasure, so
eay to them that thou wlshest not to
make thyself ridiculous before them, and
content thyself with learning and handi
work." In tho early clavichords, which alwavs
kept the rectangular box shape inherited
?rom the monochord, the strings were of
the same length an arrangement not
wlthoat its advantages, since it was
thus easier to keep the strings tunod In
unison. As the compass of the instru
ments increased this uniformity was
Souna to oe impracticable, and a long '
-wooden bridge placed diagonally was In-1
troduced and so arranged -hat it was
possible to give the upper tones shorter
V ' ill , in " il ' i' i l ,ii t
OF THE PIANO
and thinner strings and longer and heavier-ones
to the lower tones. Naturally
the thinnest strings required the greatest
length. .For example, were the bass
strings of modem pianos of the same
thickness as the treble strings they would
have to be vastly lengthened in propor
tion. John Sebastian Bach always tuned
his own instruments, testing his system
in that famous collection of fugues and
preludes in all keys known as "the well
Despite the agreeable sensitiveness of
the clavichord that "solitary, melan
choly, unspeakably sweet instrument"
there was a feeble tremulousness about
it which led to a desire for an instru
ment whose strings could be excited to
stronger vibrations. To meet this demand
a keyboard was added to the ancient
psaltery, and from this combination was
evolved the harpsichord, tho most Im
portant at all the keyboard predecessors
of tho piano. In this instrument the
keys were set in vibration by bard points
of shell or ivory, which when forced up
ward by tho depressed keys plucked or
twitched at the strings. After the ivory
points were replaced in the 15th century
by quills, the Instrument was called a
spinet, a name of double derivation, from
Splnnettl, a manufacturer of musical In
struments, and from "spina," a thorn, or
The compass of the early keyboards was
but four and one-half octaves, and in the
old German instruments the coloring was
reversed, the raised keys being white and
the natural black. The harpsichord until
nearly tho close of the last century had
a place In the orchestra, where Its In
creased power atoned for Its monotonous
staccato. In Germany, however, It never
gained a strong foothold. Bach and Beeth
oven claiming that tone and expression
could best be controlled In the clavi
chord, which Instrument lent itself more
readily than the harpsichord to nicety
of execution. In the German househofd
it was also claimed that despite Its weak
ness the clavichord was "the comfort of
the sufferers and the sympathizing friend
of cheerfulness." Mozart's technique,
however, was that of the harpsichord.
The Invention in 1710 of the pianoforte.
from "piano e forte," "sort and loud," by
Chrlstofori, the Florentine harpslchord-
Clavichord, Seventeenth Century.
maker, drove from the musical field both
the sensitive clavlchoard and its noisier
rival. Patterned after the trapeze-shaped
psaltery, whose sound was produced by
plucking the strings, the new instrument
was played like the dulcimer, by strik
ing with small hammers. To the develop
ments of Sllbermann of Dresden belong
almost as much credit as to the Invention
of Chrlstofori. Stung by the frank cen
suro of Bach, Sllbermann labored many
years to correct the heavy action and
weakness of the upper notes which char
acterized the first pianos. The new In
strument made its way but slowly be
cause of the novelty of its technique.
Chopin's appreciation of the Increased
tonal beauty obtained by use of the pedal,
and Beethoven's dramatic musical decla
mation, best described as "tone painting,"
did much to prove the superiority of this
instrument for vigor, sonorousness and
sustained melody. Its capabilities for
light and shads also commended It to the
general public, but It was not until metal
bracing was successfully used in Its con
struction that the piano definitely super
sedod Its predecessors. Metal was first
used for strengthening and then for mak
ing the entire frame, when it became
possible to secure the purest and most
brilliant notes by means of heavy strings
under great tension. The finest treble
(From tho permanent belonging to South Ken
string of the modern Instrument Is thick
er than the thickest bass string of the
first pianos, whose tension was corre
spondingly slight when wood offered the
only resistance. The vast difference is
more readily appreciated when we realize
that the strings of tho modern grand
concert exert a force of 75,000 pounds,
only the polldity of the iron frame pre
venting its entire destruction.
Although the modern Instrument has
gained steadily in strength and mechan
ism. Its outward proportion and decora
tion have undoubtedly fallen from grace.
The four and a half octaves for which
tho finest of past music has been written
lent a comeliness of proportion sadly
lacking In the modern grand piano. While
the additional modern octaves add to the
thrillness of the treble and to the surli
ness of the bass of the concert hall piano,
for ordinary use the gain In compass Is
not commensurate "with the unwleldlness
of the Instrument. The "wing form" of
the modern grand superseded in the reign
of Queen Anne the earlier rectamrnlnr
forms. During the middle of the-lSth cen
tury many of the rectangular cases .were
sent to China, where thev were coated
with lacquer. "When this art was Imi
tated in Europe many cases were deco
rated in the Vernls-Martln style with pic
tures painted as delicately as miniatures,
parts of the case being ornamented with
arabesques of gold upon a dark-colored
ground. The construction of these pianos,
with their seven slender carbrlole legs,
was In keeping with the sentiment of the
Spinet, End of
dainty idylls with which they were deco
rated. Like other forms of furniture, the piano
was influenced, by the reigning fashion, so
that we find exterior construction succes-
j qg ?fc 5ek
small plaques of Wedgwood, jasperware
or conforming to the clasc Greek or em-
plre styles. A curious plan, belonging to
iqb i-nncess unariotte wg made by
Broadwood early In the preset century.
Square in shape, it is veneered-itli a sin
gle sheet of ivory, tho elephant's tus
having been cut in circular f ashlc after it
had been softened by acid. Reacting
from the bad taste of the "Victoria era,
which is now so extravagantly decried,
manufacturers have made their casjg of
rare and carefully selected woods. Alma
Tadema designed cases in the Byzantine
style, while Burne-Jones revived the old
fashioned trestle support formerly taed
for harpsichords, and had the happy in
spiration of painting a rain of roses riflic
across the sounding board.
Another Tao.i Uprising.
SAK FRANCISCO, Aug. 29. The steamy
er uuracoa, from Guaymas, brings news1iresci'veu ior - ucKei-noicung pudhc.
of the activity of the Taqul Indians in
Mexico. "The Taquis had another up
rising about two weeks before we left
Guaymas," said a passenger on tho Cura
coa, "and they were on tho warpath when
we left. They were on the Taqueri Riv
er, and within a few miles of Guaymas.
It is understood that an able Mexican
General is on his way from Mexico Clty
to take command of the Mexican forces
and wipe out the Indians."
Obligatory Military Service.
SANTIAGO DE CHILE, via Galveston,
Aug. 29. Obligators- military service, has
been approved by the Chilean Congress.
AT THE HOTELS.
5.,? ilbbKl LewIston IT H Ransom, city
m- ifVaa PC?8'' - Y H H Brady & w. Chgo
M Marcus, NY jT E Fell son, Fen-
, I.e.2K00d' ChS t dleton, Or
t? TPoP.1?.'na' Chicago J A N Bush & w, Salem
xr, . jTtSPv n Y rv A Hcwe- Carlton.Or
o i?Srs EIj Doran.ilV E Langdon. Seattle
Cnilorn Jt- mt- t C rAi-i
- - ut-u iw .., unurii
-- . wiuuiun at nr-
Miss E Holden, do
Carl Schmidt. -NT v
Mrs G Lelser. Victoria
.air iars i jacobs.clty
S G Dobson, Seattle
J A Bennett, St Joe
A TV Smith, Baltimore
A L Thjmpson, do
Richard Sweasey, S T"
S M ilansHeld. USA
. juenneu. Chicago
John Adams. Lewlston
Xm it wasting, chgo
Geo E TValte, San Fr
a u iiiiDourn. Chgo
R Alexander. Wosh
DC Turnbull. Chgo
C T Adams w, N T
F A Sherbourne, N T
A Gosol, Philadelphia
TV' F Holden. Phll.i
H Slttic, Jr. Clncinn
G TV Fenwick, Mont
Emil Pursch. San Frar
Miss American, Chgo
TV A TVelchmann.Den
JJohn Fox. Astoria
jur iuxs i; van
dall. San Francisco
Sirs C S Fee & 2 ch,
St Pa. 4
Mr & Mrs Xi Xi Bowen,
J J Run?, San Fran j
A uusmng. Pt Angl
F J Tourtillt & dtr, do
74A,P2an & wf do G0 H Cowle. Stockton
A,.tl McEwen. Sumpter A B Cole. Chicago
illlton D Joseph.BostniE TV Newhall, San Fr
AA? Humo- Eaffle Li.O Fessendcn, Frisco
ri -. . John E Boyer, Seattle
Miss Nichols, do
Columbia River Scenery.
Regulator Line steamers, from Oak
street dock dally, except Sunday, 7 o'clock
A. M. The Dalles, Hood lUi er, Casr
eade Ijoelcs and return. Call on, or 'fohe
Agent for further information. x '
S P McMuran, St Paul J M Casej-, Clarlnda,la
ii 31 Robinson. .In i W r". Tir.voii .it.,
Snjnl PIplinrHcAn I. In T T-t..t.. f.w ...
O J Davis. Shaniko
James Barnes, Jr.
A C James, Benton,
Dr O K Bews, TS'asco
J Llmbocker, city
TV N Brown, Condon
TV XL Butler, Canj on C
A Chrlstenson, LewlS
, ton, Idaho
Jacob Zigler, Clinton,
Mrs Zicler, do
Geo J Dodson. Victoria
J. bcott. Waltsburg
Mrs I E Scott, do
J Bower, Garfleld
Miller Hopkins, Day
Miss G ai Banks, Ch,r6AIiss Bertha Allen. So
E E Randall. Bt Paul
TV E TVakalee, San Frl
F M Hather. Run TTr
J E Bailey, Forest Gr
Mrs F If Hather, do
jurs j as J Bailey, do
J E Pamplln. Salt k Jtts Llnck,
S J La France, HoodRI Chas E Si
iiarry tr Kendall.Mat-
A A Townley, Sidney, O
Otto Freeman, Pasa
Nicholas McCoy, North
Ncllio Davidson, do
H E Bartholomew,
Mrs H E Bartholomew,
C A TVest, St Louis
A F Hofer, Salem
John De Lund, St L
Alex E McLennan,
G Clark. Antelnno. Or
TV TV Ferrln, Forst Gr
.airs w w Ferrin, do
Livia Ferrin, do
Mrs Haskell. An
j Master Bartholomew,
A. Belllncer, Co Bluffs
iieppcer, ur .
TV C Blknap. Moro.Or
Nellie Bain, Grnt Pass
Louis Bain, do
C E Gore, Kalama
Mrs. C E Gove, do
J F Hart. Tacoma
u i Barnard, Fossil
Geo Mitture. Fossil
J Brown. Fossil
R TVlnkleman, Tacoma
ueo uoutn, Tacoma
J J Miner, St Louis
Mrs J J Miner, do
Guy Simmons, Seattle
F S Stewart. Kelso
B L McClelland. S F
TV B Herchburger, j
Mrs TV B Herchburg-
TV S Bragg, Sacmnto
Jake Hlrsch. do
D J Shelvy. Astoria
Mrs D J Shelvy, do
M R Furley, Duns-
F N Jones, Dalles
Jos Swartzland. Omaha
A O Judson, Omaha
J Archibald. Uoble
Mrs J M Archibald, do
Mi Helen Georce,
J H Bon en. Fossil. Or
E H Morse, New Havn
Mrs J R English. S F
MiS3 M L English, do
Charlotte N Malatt.
Fred Locklcy, Salem
B P Taylor, Salem
C. TV. Knowles, Manager.
S D Adair, Astoria Mrs May Logan, S F
C C Durgan. Boston , Mrs I L Barr. San Ft
Jp A opoKane .ii idrldge, city
Tony Delmas, San Jos
J C Boschken, do
TVm J Boschken, do
Fred Docrn. do j
Morton L Tower, Coos
R Burns, O It 4 K Co
F J Bcrrisford. St PI
P Johnson, Dalles
A F Hamhill, Seattle
H C Lord, U S Colum
R M Sarcent. Seattle
J Bendy. Seattle
TV S McLaughlin, Cos-
A L Zumwalt, Seattle
Mrs Zumwalt, Seattle
Henry Schilling. S F
Louis Kranar. San Fr
J H Hcltington, San Fr
J P Fiansul, Los Angl
H B Aujrur, Portland
Mrs J Gansel. N Dak j Emlle Quarre, Eagle,
.airs Augur,. Portland
A C Tamm, N
J L Albcrtson. Butte j
R TV Brown, Butte
E F Sanborn, city
R Campbell, city
Mrs J Warner, Albanyj
Miss Sarnes, Albanv
TV A McCord, DcsMn-si
E A Eugene. San Fr
Jog Heller, Chicago j
Miss McGinn, Seattle
Miss Kate E Logan, do
G Bartley, Astoria
R F Wilson, Astoria
Mrs TVllson. Astoria
A B Leckenby, Rainier
J N B01.1. Rainier, Or
R L Owens, Minn
THE ST. CHARLES.
G P Garther, Etna Mrs Allen, Seaside
Dejl Dela-way John Bliss, Seaside
John N Hartley. Olcqua I Mrs Bliss, Seaside
i' nuik. eacnman, ao 1 11 oote. Westn.irt
Tm Burdett. McMlnn
S D Laughlln. Castle
G TV Stephens, city
G Arnold, Toledo
M E Stono. Pendleton
TV A Perkins, Drain
itusn uienn. Drain
Mrs O , Bales. TYasco
Ben Sumpson, Burton
F TVostell. San Fran
Geo Dixon, Clatskar.le
L Dupont, Clatskanle
J J Ross. Clatskanle
Dean Dalentlne. do
S D Percival. Tlllamk ,
J T Graham, Marshlnd
.airs uranam. do
M H Le. Canby. Or
A E Benny, Hubbard i
jt- iiiui, .scoria
M TVashburn, Astoria
F0 Seaton. Aurora
E J Barrett. Eugene
A Mason. Euirene
J Jfc. 11 Itlltliilb, uo
J L KeUy & fr. Dalles
Oliver Clay. Dalles
I John Hoefer. Champoeg
u james. unampoeg
A E Thompson. Seaside
M J Hanklns Astoria)
j nanj uossiona
H L Stone. Spokane
L Larvy, Spokane
I M R Potts. Euaren
1 II L Gee & w, Foster
I N Slmonsen. AstnHn
F H Tully. Bucoda
Mrs Slmonsen, Astoria
C H Harris, Bucoda BenJ Brandner, Glenn's
vi uossman. san l-ranj crrj-
J J Schmidt, Rainier I'TV R Churchman. Moro
TV B Steele, city jG Ballnslfe, Astoria
G A Cone. Buttevllle J S Vaushon, ButtevllI
Geo Rasich. Buttevlllel Chas McCauley, StHlns
Geo Field. Buttevllle 1 John G Harrlnffton,
J R Richardson, -do 1 Oregon Cltv
H L TVarren. Clatska-jMrs Harrington, do
nle j Mrs L Pinkney, Stella
Chas Olen, Toledo B T Flint. Llnnton
Thos Davis, CathlametiA X Leasure, TVoodlnd
TV S Brj-ant. Xome J F Roberts. Glendale
I'hos M Gatch, Corval-i H E Dltmer. TVoodlnd
lis. Or , H TVllson. Troutdale
L A TVlllett. Or C TV Cain, city
H C Shepherd, do CP Zigler, city
T J Bolter. Brooks. Or! Mrs Zigler, citv
E TV Holt, Troutdale JFred Blaisdell. Astoria
Mrs Holt. Troutdale ,Matt Clark, Stella
Floyd Puzey. V.'arren 1 John C Osfield, Oreg C
Mrs Puzey, Warren JD E "Williams, do
Edith Dart, Astoria jJ Tough. Oregon City
Abble Laverty, do 1 Geo Radford. St Paul
Sid Ferguson. do j Victor Peterraan. do
Thos Fox. Pendleton j H O Scofleld, Olympla
A R Morgan, do IE A Butler. Tacoma
L P Manning. GreshmrA H Lee, Tacoma
J E KennedyAdo
C McPherman, Astoria
A T Coughlll. city
P Dolan. Kalama
A F Jones, Duluth
Mrs Jones, Duluth
Miss Jones. Duluth
Mrs H J Frederick.
Eva Nlcklason. do
A L Hoadley, do
M TVashburn, 6.0 I
E Snickers, Dalles
C TV Cain, city
A C Estea, Albany
Ben Zoger. Kansas Cy
H Coates. Kansas Cltr
H L Stone, Seattle
J Hull. Seattle
H TVllson. Seattle
J TV Fletcher. McCoy
J R Fraser, McCoy
TV L Frozcr, McCoy
C G Frazer, McCoy
D P Shepherd. Cleone
D Finnle, TVllUams.AT
A M Lapruth, St Paul
G Marble, do
C E Davis. Oregon
S Dushenny, do
Mrs Dushenny, do
E s iicciincy. W llsonv
Lee Shepherd, Astoria M J BIckle, Oregon
G S Allen. Seaside I
Hotel Brnnsvrlclc. Seattle.
E rope-n; first cls. Rates. 75c and up.
blocfc irem aepou jiescaurani next aoor.
Tacoma Hotel, Tacoma.
American plan Rates, $3 and up.
Donnelly Hotel. Tacoma.
European plan. Rates. cOc and up.
TO PRISON FOR LIFE
V ' ll,JVI ' Vl ,, "
SENTENCING OP BRESSI FOB KELL
XSQ OF KING HUMBERT.
The Penalty tixc Most Severe Tinder
L the Italian Xavrs fox
Murder. , "
, MILAN. Aug. 23. The trial-of Bressi,
the anarchist who, July , shoe and
killed King Humbert of Italy, at Monza,
while His Majesty was returning from a
.gymnastic exhibition, opened here toaay.
An Immense crowd of neonlo sratheren
J .about the court from early morning, seek-
iliB admission. Only a few places were
The hearing began at 9 o'clock. Bressi
t in the dock, calm and almost lndlf
fvrent. His counsel, SIgnor Martelll, head
X tho Milan bar. and tho anarchist
"Witer, Signor Morlln, made requests on
vaious grounds for an, adjournment,
whth were refused. It is .said that
Breej wcote to the Judges declaring he
woult not reply to the interrosatories.
"Whl the indistment, which was very
lnff. ?as being read. Bressi was appar
ently Ujmoved. and scanned the faces of
tho auqenco., without any signs of fea
or effrontery. The Indictment showed
that the assassin indulged in Incessant
target prjctlce, and that he prepared bul
lets so asto render them more dangerous.
The wltntses were then introduced, 11
for the pr-secution and Ave for the de
The examqatlon of Bressi followed. He
declared he decided to JcIU King Humbert
after the events of Milan and Siciiv. "to
avenge the njsery of the people and my
own." .He a'cded: "I acted without ad
vice or acconplices." The prisoner ad
mitted the taitet practice and the prep
aration of bul?ts. He sDoke In a low,
firm voice, andaid he fired three shots
at three yardshvith his revolver. Two
wooden targets.Were here placed on the
table'before the Tudges. Two hours'sus
penslon of the coirt ensued, and then the
witnesses were itard.
A brigadier of gndarmes, Salvatorl, re
capitulated the stry of the assassination
of the Kins. Hatsald -he saved Bressi
from the crowd, -jfcio nearly lynched the
ussassin. jarcssi, Wien rescued, was cov
ered with blood. t
Bressi escaped wlh .life imprisonment,
as that penalty Is tie most severe which
can be imposed undr the laws of Itaiy
for murder, on whth charjre the an
archist was tried. It was at first believed
Bressi would be triel on the charge of
treason, in which cast the penalty would
have been death.
Brcssl'n Wife Heirs 'the Xews.
NEW YORK, Aug. 3.-The news that
her husband had been, sentenced to life
imprisonment for killlrg King Humbert
of Italy was carried Mrs. Bressi at
her home In Union HIH.'N. J. When told
of the sentence, she wept bitterly. When
she calmed down, she slid:
"My poor. Gaetano! H; has been tried,
convicted and sentenced n one day. That
was a great injustice. I would rather see
him dead than, have to jo to prison for
life. I know he will notbe able to stand
longvthe life he will hive to lead in
Mlsaiiiff Annrchitt Fonnd.
BUDA PEST, Aug. 29-GieuseppI To
tnazlo, a Venetian, who Is believed to
have been an accompllce.of Luigl Lucheni
In the "assassination of Enpress Elizabeth
of Austria, has been arrested here. He
was seen with Lucheni siortly before the
assassination, but disappeared. He has
been living here undtr the name of
CAPTURE OF MACHADODQltP.
Bnllcr Occupied" the Town, the
LONDON. Ainr. M. T.mvi T?nVirfc ,-i
e e . Bellst..August 29, telegraphs:
Bullers advance occupied Machado
dorp this aftenpon. The enemy made
a poor stand ana retired northward, fol
lowed by Dundothlas mounted troops,
who could not proceed beyond Helvetia
on account of the ilfficult nature of the
country and the enmy taking up a posi
tion too strong to e dislodged by the
mounted troops. It fppears that Buller's
casualties were very ew.
"French continued tle movement today
as far as Elandsfonteh, from which he
turned the enemy out Vlth no difficulty.
The latter retired, leav quantities of
good cooked food behind
"General Buller's casuaties August 27
cie. iviiiea, one omcer and 12 men
wounded, seven officers anfi 57 men."
Duke Adjudged a Bankrupt.
LONDON. Aug. 29.-Th Difce of Man
chester was today adjudicated bankrupt
entailing his resignation froh all his
clubs. The' petitions to the Binkruptcy
court Included one from the youg noble
man himself, whose acceptanceVre o
widely distributed in unknown laras that
his friends for some time have sVongly
urged this radical course. .
Itnly ProtestR. ',
BERLIN, Aug. 29. Italy has protected
against Germany's new meat law, onhe
ground that It contravenes the ItaliSi
German commercial treaty.
Jacob Towne, arrested Tuesday for bur-
glary In the residence of T. A. Olsen,
was uounu over xo tne grand jury under
J250 cash ball.
Abe Needleman, a boy, arrested by Pa
trolman Wilkinson, on 'the complaint of
George Clinton, for stealing Oregonlans,
was found guilty, and turned over to
the caie of the Boys' and Girls' Aia So
ciety. John Shermnn's Sister Dead.
LANCASTER. O., Aug. 29. Mrs. Mary
E. Reese, sister of General William T.
Sherman, and ex-Senator John Sherman,
died today from the effects of a fall down
stairs, which happened a weeli ago. Her
husband, W. T. Reese, died years ago.
Of Conrse Xot.
RUSSEtLL-VILLE, Or., Aug. 29. (To the
Editor). Does "every vehicle not hereto
fore specified." under the nev ordinance,
Include those of the suburbanite and far
mer? SETH WINQTJIST.
is familiar In thous
ands of homes. For
half a' century Unas
had a permanent
pface as a family
and Kidney Disorders.
Sold by druggists and dealers generally,
with a Private Revenue Stamp over tho
neck of the bottle. , J
M 8 1 Iffafcf Sf&ttSSuLi
Of mind and body was the Roman
Idea of perfect health. They de
fined this balance as Ka sound
mind in a sound body." A weak
or sickly body tends to drawdown
the mind to its own level. Keep
the body in health and the mind
will take care of itself. The health
of the body depends mainly on two
things: A sound stomach and pure
blood. Dr. Pierce's Golden Med
ical Discover' preserves "the bal
ance of health, because at makes
the stomach strong and the blood
pare. People who had not had a
well day in years, nervous of body,
depressed of mind, have been pex
fectlv'cured by the use of "Golden
"During the summer and fall of 1896 I
became all rnn down,a writes Charles H.
Sergeant, Esq., of Plain Otv, Madison Co., -
Ohio, "nerves wereout of o'rdernnd frm-
ach was out of order. I wrote to Doctor
Pierce for advice. He said I had general
debility, and advised Dr. Pierce's Golden
iueoicai .Discovery : I
used' six bottles, and
since I stopped taking
it, about one year ago,
I have not taken any
tnedldne of any kind,
and have been able to
work evey day. My
appetite Is good. I do
not feel that burning
In the stomach after
eating, and my blood
and nerves are in good
Dr. Pierce's Med
ical A'dviser, paper
covers, is sent.rv!Vf
on receipt of 21 one
cent stamps to pay
expense of mailing
only. Address Dr.
Kill the Germ that b DcstroyintJ
the Hair Root
IS THE SCIENTIFIC REMEDY
THAT KILLS THESE
For Sale by Druggists. Price $1.00.
'NEVER becomes strong
It's sweet, clean,1 whole
Our word for it, and all
others who know.
Ask your grocer or write
India Refining Co.
Stronir Aanertlonn nx to Jnnt What
the Remedies Will Do.
that his Rheumatism
Cure will cure nearly
ell cases of rheuma
tism In a few hours;
that his Dyspepsia Cure
will cure Indigestion and
all stomach troubles;
that his Kidney Cure
Will cure SO per cnt.
of all case of kidney
trouble: that hie Ca
tarrh Cure will enrp
catarrh no matter how
long standing; that his
Headache Cure will cure
aor kind of headache la
a fen minutes that
his Cold Caret will
- . .v quickly break up any
ronn or coiAacd so en through the entire list of
retnedlM. A, all druggists, 25 cents a rial.
If jroo needmdical adrice writ Prof. Munycn.
1605 Arch t -rhilt. It la ah wliurlr in.
Round the World j""!--".?
( Nov. 3
Japan a sePt. e
Holy Land Fromrtew.Yo.rLPt. 22
Other tonrs to Enrpe and else
wherc. Programmes nialled free
THOS. COOK & SON
621 Market St. San Francisco
llcict Office, 26S Morrison Street, "Pboot SSJ
Tt J"lTor. dallr In ni
from St. PasL Minn.
T:0 a il
polls, Duluth. Chlcan
And all point Et.
Through Palace and. Tourist Sleeper. Dinlnx
and Buffet Smoklng-LIbrary Can.
JAPAN - AMERICAN LINE
STEAMSHIP IDZUftH MAR
For Japan. China and alt Asiatic poind win
leave Eeattle '
About S;pt. ,12 lh
'""'" ' " 'l - " '" lv'v,.Tyff;rlv,vsi,X!
-iru V-n , - -xny ..- ffj5 t
Dnloa Deiot, Slxtk and J Strc.t-.
THREE TRAINS DAILY
FOR ALL POINTS EAST
-eaves tor tho East. vU Huntington, at 0:13
A. if.; arrtveB. 4 P. i
For Spokane. Eastern W'ashlngion. and Great
Northern points, leaves at 6 P. M.; axrlvca at
ea-ea for tho East, via. Huntington, at 3
P. L: arrives at S:i0 A. M.
THROUGH PQT.T.MAN AND TOURIST
VVatar lines ac eUula, aubject to chaog nits-
OCEAN AAT RIVER SCHEDU-K-.
OCEAX DIVISION SteAmships sail from
Alnsworth Dock at 8 P. M. Leave Portland
State of California, Sunday, Aug. 5, Wednes
day, Aug. 13. Saturday, Aug. 23; Tuesday,
aept. 4; JFridr.y, Sept. 14. Colixnbla. Friday,
Aug. 10; Monday. Aug. 20, Thursday. Aug. 3u;
Sunday, Sept. 0.
From San Francisco Leaving Spear-Street
fier o. 24. San Francisco, at 11 A- M aa
follows: State of California. Wednesday. Aug
1; Saturday, Aug. H; Tuesday. Aug. 21; Fri
day, Aug. 31; Monday. Sept. 10. Columbia.
Monday, Aug. 6; Thursday, Aug. 10; Sunday,
Aug. 26; "Wednesday, Sept. 5.
COLUMBIA RIVER DIVISION.
PORTLAND AND ASTORIA.
Steamer Haasalo lsavea Portland daily, excep:
Sunday, at 6:00 P. M.; on Saturday t 10:00 P.
H. Returning, laavea Aatorl dally, azcepi Sun
day, at 7:00 A. Si.
Steamer Potter, "for Astoria and Ilwaco.
leaves Portland every morning. Returning,
leaves Ilwaoo every evening, -when the tide
WILLAMETTE RIVER DIVISION.
PORTLAND AND SALEM. OR.
Steamer Ruth, for Salem and way points.
leaves Portland Mondays, Wednesdays and Fri
days at 0:00 A. M. Returning, leaves Salem
Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays at tt.00
YAMHILL RIVEIt ROUTE.
POHTI.AVTi 1 vn rwvmv riT?
Ete&mer Elmore, for Dayton and way polati,
leaves Portland Tuesday. Thursdays and Sat
urday at 7 A. II. . Returnlns, leaves Daytoa for
Tortland and way point Mondays. Wednesday
and iTrldftya at a a. M."
SXAKE RIVEH ROUTE.
RIP ARIA. WASH.. AND LEWISTON. IDAHO
Steamer Lewlston leaves Rlparia Aug. 16. 18.
20, 22. 24. 20. 28. SO. at 3.40 A. M. Return
ing, the Lewlston leaves Lewlston Aug. 10, 21,
23, 25. 27. 20. 31. at 7 A. M.
W. H. HURLBURT,
General Passenger Area-
V. A. SCHILLING, Cltr Ticket Agent.
Telephone Main 712. 0 Third street, cor. Oak.
CHINA AND JAPAN. FROM PORTLAND.
In connection with THE OREGON RAILROAD
tc NAVIGATION CO. Schedule. 1300 (subject to
Steaner. Duo to Leave Portland.
"MONMOUTHSHIRE" Sept. 0
"BRAiaiAR"' Sept. 30
i'or rates, accommodations, etc.. apply to
DODWELL COMPANT. Limited,
General Agents. Portlands Or.
To principal points In Japan and China.
Leave Oepjt Flftft anli Streets
tor Salem, Rose
San Francisco, Mo
Jave. Loa Angelea.
1 Paao, New Or
leans and the Eaat
(daily except Sun
day), morning train
connects with tr In
for Mt. Angel. SU
v e r t on, lirown
and Natron, and
evening- truln for
Mt. Ar.cel and SU
erton. Albany passenger
8:30 P. M.
8:30 a. M.
6:30 P. L
4:00 P. M.
17:30 A. M.
t4:50 P. M.
J3.B0 P. M.
tS :25 A.M.
Dally. JDally except Sunday.
Rebate tickets on tale between Portland, Sac
ramento and San franciaeo. Net ratea 517 first
class and $11 aecond class, including aleeper.
Rates and ticket to Easiern point and Eu
rope. Also JAPAN. CHINA, HONOLULU and
AUSTRALIA. Can be obtained from J. B.
KIRK.LAND. Ticket Acent. 140 Third at.
Passenger Depot, foot of Jefreraon Street.
Leave for Osweso dally at T0, 9:40 A. 31."
12.30, 1.55, :25, 4:40, U:23, b:30, 11:30 P. IL;
and 0.00 A. . jn Sundays only, rrlve at
Portland daily at 6:35, :3f. 'lOO A. IL:
1.35. 3:10, 4:30, 0.15, T.4C. 10:00 P. II. , 12:4U
A. M. dalu. ezcepc Monaay. S:2o and 10:03 A.
M. on Sundays only.
Leave for Dallas dally, except Sunday, at
6:05 P. M. Arrive at Portland at 0:30 A. M.
Passenger train leaves Dallas for Alrlle Mon
days, Wednesdays and Frldajs at 2:45 P. 1
Returns Tuesdays. Thursdajo and Saturday.
R. KOSHLER. C. H. MARKHAM.
Manarer. Gen. Frt. & Pass. Ajt.
Tlxe Pioneer Dlnlncr and Obserratloa
Union Depot, 6th aatf J Sis
North Coast Limited.
For Tacoma, Seattle,
North Taklma. juo-
kane. Pullman. Mos
cow. Lewlston. Ross-
land. B. C. Butte.
Helena. St. Paul. Min
neapolis. Chicago. Bos
ton. New ork and all
points East and South
11:20 P. M.
Tnin City Express, for
Tacoma, Seattle, Spo-1
8 P. M.
Kane, iieiena. uite,
Bt. Paul. Chicago. Bos
ton. New York. Omaha.
Kansas City, Council
BluKs, St. Louis, and
all points east and
Through train service via Northern Pacific
and Burlington line rrom Portland to Omaha.
Kansas City. St. Louis. Quick time and un
like North Coast Limited Train No. 2 for
South Bend. Olympla and Gray's Harnor
See the North Coast Limited. Elegant Up
holstered Tourist Sleeping Cars, Pullman
Standard Sleepers. Dining Car and Observa
tion Car. all electri: lighted. Solid vestibuied
Tickets sold to all polnti in the United
Stales and Canada, and baggage checked to
destination of tickets.
For Information, tickets, sleeping-car reser
vations, etc, call on or write
A. D. CHARLTON
Asftlatnnt General Passenger Ajrent.
255 Morrison St.. Cor. Third.
WHITE COLLAR LINE
BAILET GATZERT (Alder-street Dock)
Leaves Portland dally every morning at 7
o clock, except Sunday. Returning leaves As
toria every night at 7 o'clock except Sunday.
Oregon phono Main 331. Columbia phono 3M.
IJ SUNSET -fll
O OGOENft SHASTA) Ij
m routes In J
7 fori S rii'Tl iwaT?i
DOUBLE DAILY TItAIN SERVICE.
7 A.M. y's&sssa
YOU ARE (NOT AWARE OF
THE FAST TIME
Now offered by tho
9 DAILY FAST TRAINS 0
L TO THE EAST L
It you cannot take tho morning train,
travel -via the evening train. Both are
Fast Time Through Service
PULL-CAN PALACE SLEEPERS
PUIxLilAN TOURIST SLEEPERS
t PULLMAN DINSRST
LIBRARY (CAFE) CAR AND FREE
RECLINING CHAIR CARS.
Hours In Time Saved to
Omaha, Chlcnero, Kani.i city,
St. Lonls, Ne-ir York. Bonton,
And Other Eastern Points.
Tickets good via Salt Lake City and
r IA&t2,your Interest to use THE OVER
LAND ROUTK. TIcketfl and sleeping-car
berths can be secured from
City Pass, and Ticket Agent.
J. H. LOTHROP. General Asent.
133 Third St.. Portland. Or.
It will pay you to call at
our office or write for
particulars before making
other arrangements, as we
can give you choice of any
line, best accommodations
and the very lowest rates,
Cor. Third and Stark Sts.
R. "W. FOSTER,
City Ticket Agent
Ocean to Ocean
THE IMPERIAL LIMITED
Tourist and Flrst-Clasa Sleeping Cars.
For full particulars apply to
H. H. ABBOTT. Afirent.
146 Third street. Portland, Or.
E. J. COTLE. Asst. Gen. Pass. Agent.
Vancouver. B. C
And Yukon River Point
S. S. "OHIO," 3500 Tons
Sails from Seattle
on or about Aug. 23
Reservations can now be made upon applica
tion to any railroad, or sub-agent of tho Inter
national Navigation Company, or to
EMPIRE TRANSPORTATION CO..
Pacific Coast Steamship Co.
THE COMPANT"S elegant
steamers Queen. Cottage City.
City of Topeka and Al - M
leave TACOMA 11 'A. M.. SE
ATTLE OP M.. Aug. 3, S,
13. 15. 18. 23. 28. Sept. 2. 7
12. 1", 22, 27. Oct. 2. and
every fifth day thereafter For
further Information obtain
The company reserves tne right to chango
steamers, sailing dates and hours of salting.
without previous notice.
AGENTS N POSTON,, 249 Washington st..
Portland. Or . F. W CARLETON. N P. R R.
Dock. Tacoma. TICKET OFFICE 018 First
ave.:-Seattle. E. "W. MELSE. Ticket agt . IL
H. LLOYD. Puget Sound Supt : C V MIL
LER. Asst. Supt.. Ocean Dock. Seattle
GOODALL. PERKINS & Co . Gen. Agt . S. F.
Astoria & Columbia
River Railroad Co.
ror ilaygtn. Klnlr. ARRIVES
ClaU tnle. Wstport.i U.NIU.N
Clifton. AJtorla. Wnr
renton. FlaveL Ham-,
imend. Fort Steren,
Getrhirt Park. Smslrt
AJtorla Dd ri Lhor
11 10 A M
0:55 P. M.
2:30 P M
9:o P. it.
0:40 P M. .
Ticket odlce. orrlon at. and Union depot.
J. C MATO. Gen. Paaa. Azt.. Aatorla. Or.
WASHINGTOiN & ALASKA
The fast mall steamship "CITT OF SEAT
TLE." sailing from Seattle every 10 days for
Skagway. calling at Port Townsend. Ketchikaa
Steamers "ABERDEEN and "RUTH, Se
attle to Skagway. and intermediate points.
every seven, days.
Through tickets to awson, $75. first-class;
and $53 second-dags.
DODWELL & CO.. Ltd..
252 Oak at- Telephone Mala 00.