Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 8, 1900)
THE ItfOTTCING OREGONIAN, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 8, 1900.
Entered at the Poctoface at Portland, Oregon,
a aecoad-class matter.
EottorlaJ Rooms... .108 i Business Office.
P.EVI5KD SUBSCRIPTION RATES.
Br Mais (footage prepaid), to Aavtace
Taily. with Sunday, per month .-$ S3
Dally. Sunday excepted, per year........ 7 60
Daily, with Sunday, per year...
Sunday, per -jear .............-..-- 2 CO
The Weeklr. rr vear .. S0
The Weekly. 3 niOTths... - 5
To City SutuKsribcrs
Sally, per week, delivered. Sundays excepted-15c
Dally. jer -week, deilrered. Sundays lncladed-IOt
United States, Canada and Mexico:
10 to 16-page paper -'-- Je
18 to 82-paee paper .....2c
Foreign rates double.
New cr disanssinn Intended for publication In
The Oregonian ebould be adorc-ced lnvarlabl
"Editor The Oregonian.' not te the name of
ony Individual. Letters relating to advertising,
sutwcrlptlom or to any iMislnefj matter should
"be addrorred simply "The Orrjjonlan."
The Oregnniitn 4o not buy jnnna or stories
Srom Individuals, and eannot undertake to re
turn any manuscript snt to It without folicltn
lion. No tUimr should be Inclosed for thlJ
Puget Bound Burrou Cartaln A. Thompson.
oOce at 31J1 Pacific avenu. Tacoma. Box tCS.
Eaatern Badness OfTire The Tribune build
ing. -New York City: "The Rookery." Chicago:
the 8. C Berkwlth rpeclat agency. Xts- Tork
For ale In San Francis" by J. X. Cooper.
T Market rtrert. near he Palace hotel, and"
t Qcldnmlth Bros., 23C Sutter rtre-t.
For eale In Chicago by the P. O. News Co..
217 Dearborn street.
TODAT'S WEATHCR Partly cloudy; north
PORTLAIVn, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST S.
THE SINGULAR CASK OP ,CTADA.
Into the hands of the fifty-seventh
Congress, whose natural life begins
March A, IPtl, are the destinies of the
P&ciflc Coast In large measure com
mitted, Frcting here, as we do upon
the greatest of the oceans, with Us
future unknown though foreshadowed
in gigantic lines; fronting here as we
do the greatest of the continents, with
its awakening myriads and stupendous
resources, the good that wise laws have
in store for us or the repression within
the power of folly ana malignity, is
an alternative that may well excite the
rosiest hope or the keenest alarm. The
history of the twentieth century will
very largely be determined by the
American Congress in that century's
opening years. The Pacific Coast's con
cern In the complexion of that body
is, therefore, the most urgent and vital.
In the field bf foreign relations, the
Senate is Congress. There has the battle-ground
been of our National strug
gles. There and there only can treaties
become Jaw. There, in fact, has been
fought out and settled every great con
flict of our annals, from the Morrill
tariff to the "Wilson and DIngley laws,
Iron? the Missouri compromise to the
war with Spain, from the Bland-Allison
and Sherman acts down to the gold
Standard law .of March 14, 1900. " The
Senate not only dictates our policies,
"but It conducts their discussion. There
Is the true forum of our political life.
The House is a -ody of business men
in action, the Senate Is, not perhaps to
the extent desirable, but to a greater
extent than prevails elsewhere, a body
of deliberation, consultation, council
and debate. He who has anything to
say can be heard. The man who rises
in his scat in the Senate, with words
of meaning and moment, has the ear
not only of the United States, but of
tne civilized world. If he says any
thing of original power in conviction, or
of new and pregnant significance for
the human mind, all the world reads
it next morning, in its own tongue, at
its breakfast table Nowhere else is
the efficient mind equipped with speech
provided so powerful a lever with which
to reach humanity and turn the cur
rent of history.
In these circumstances, the Legisla
ture of Nevada, soon to assemble to
choose a United States Senator, is to
shoulder a heavy responsibility. It has
the opportunity to send to "Washington
a man who can Influence the attitude
of the Government toward the problems
of Pacific expansion and Oriental trade
development, or it can neglect that op
portunity and send there a little man
whose capacity is measured by holding
down a seat and peddling postmaster
ships. The man who is to be a force
in Congress must correctly apprehend
the critical bearing of Philippine and
Chinese affairs upon the course of his
tory and the destiny of our Pacific
Stales; he must be able to present the
truth of experience ard of economics
so clearly and forcibly that the course
Indicated will be too plain to miss and
too Important to be neglected; he must
"be able to confuse the machinations of
those who oppose our development here,
to set at rest the fears of the timorous,
to iut before the country its great op
portunity for Kational honor and dig
nity, coupled with widening trade and
increasing wealth, that lies In the path
of Pacific expansion, assertion of Amer
ican treaty rights in China, and liberal
policies toward Pacific commerce.
If Nevada will send this sort of a
man to the Senate, she will have no
trouble about unjust tariff on Philip
pine trade; or hostile discrimination in
division of transport service. It is un
dorftood that members of the Legisla
ture, already chosen, are thinking of
the matter seriously, and inclined to se
lect a man of some force of character
and breadth of attainment. Instead of
the weak creatures now occupying the
state's seats in the Senate. If this is
true. The Oregonian desires to felici
tate ail members of the Nevada Legis
lature numbered among Its readers,
upon their good resolves, and to prom
ise them its support and approval when
the time for action comes along. The j
pioneer history of Nevada, its honorable
part in the war with Spain, and its
splendid equipment of resources and)
facilities lor trans-Pacific trade, entitle
it to a dignified, and efficient representa
tion in the Tnlted States Senate. It
remains to be seen whether or not it is
to be cheated out of its deserts in this
respect by the frantic struggles of
The line of march taken by the allies
from Tien Tsin to Pekin was thorough
ly mapped by the English and French,
upon their expedition undertaken for
suppression of the Tal Ping rebellion,
forty 'years ago. Sir Hope Grant com
manded the English then; General
Hontaubau the French. Copies of the
maps, with abundant topographical In
formation, have been furnished by the
British "War Office for the use of the
allies. The country is flat, and at that
time there were few obstacles. Means
have since been created by the Chi
nese for flooding the lowlands, and they
re now availing themselves of this
mode of defense, which no doubt will
prove for a time more eflicaclous than
cny mode of fortification they could J
adopt. But the allies yet lack artillery,
and this want may detain them, and
even cost them many men. The resist
ance made by the Chinese in 1SG0 was
but trifling. But modern arms give
them now an advantage which they did
not then possess; and the European
drillmaster has been among them for
THE TEST OP A PROPHET.
"The gold standard," said Mr. Bryan
In 18&6, "means dearer money; dearer
money means cheaper property; cheaper
property means harder times; harder
times means more people out of work;
more people out of work means more
people destitute; more people destitute
means more people desperate; more peo
ple desperate means more crime." In
this black channel, to this dreadful cli
max, did the prophecy of Mr. Bryan
run, four years ago.
This was but one utterance. In an
other he declared: "Wages will de
crease, the price of wheat will go down,
the price of gold will go up; mortgages
will be foreclosed by the money lenders
and sharks, factories and mills will be
shut down; there will be want and mis
ery over the land." Once more: "The
gold standard has for its ultimate ob
ject the destruction of a large part of
U.e value of your house and your land,
and a large part of the value of your
farms and factories. Can you remain
indifferent while this policy is march
ing toward you?"
ttuch was the burden of Bryan's
speeches in the year 1895. The prophet
was rejected, and we have had since
then, with the gold standard, an unin
terrupted period of the greatest pros
perity tills country has ever known.
Never was labor so largely employed;
never did labor get better returns.
Money, Instead of being scarce and
dear, has been more abundant and
cheaper than ever before in our history.
The exports of the country have far ex
ceeded, in volume and value, those of
any other period. The savings of the
people at large have vastly increased.
Take the official returns of a single
state. July 1, 1900, the amount due de
positors in the savings banks of the
State of New York was 5922,0S1,59G an
increase of $63,638,319 over the return
of the next preceding year. The wage
earners are the chief depositors in the
savings banks; and during the period
covered by the gloomy predictions ut
tered by Mr. Bryan in his campaign of
1896, deposits in- the savings banks of
the United States have increased as
never before. The total of the increase
has been more than five hundred mil
lions. But Mr. Bryan, undismayed by the
failure of his prophecy'on money, busi
nsss and prosperity, turns prophet once
more this time on "Imperialism" and
"militarism." He tells us now that if
we do not accept his party, with him
self as its candidate, we shall gallop
into a despotism, forfeit our republican
ideals and lose liberty Itself. This
prophecy is on a level with that of four
years ago, on the evils of the gold
standard. It is of the same quality, just
as rational; or perhaps, if comparison is
to be made, the way to put it would
be to say that each prophecy is, if pos
sible, less rational than the other.
This candidate's stock in trade is that
ofan alarmist It is his professional
occupation, the exigencies of which re
quire immoderate expression. Of
mountebanks there are many kinds,
and each of a kind has tricks of his
own. Alarming prophecy Is the usual
role of the political mountebank, and so
little Is he disconcerted when one line
fails that he quickly takes anotheiv.
Hence now, from dire predictions of dis
aster to industry from the gold stand
ard, our prophet passes to equally vehe
ment and dreadful prediction of disas
ter to liberty from territorial expansion
and retention of our newly acquired
possessions. Fortunately, however, the
prophecies of declalmers seeking polit
ical advancement proceed not from bal
anced Judgment, nor from the moral
Insight which Is the spring of true pro
phetic deliverance. Hence, when we
read, "Whether there be prophecies,
they shall fall," we may regard Mr.
Bryan's stock as the kind of which the
failure is predicated.
MILES NOT NEEDED IN CHINA.
If General Miles has applied for serv
ice in China, his action is something
worse than unnecessary. It doubtless
betrays his resentment at his being held
down by the Administration during the
war with Spain and given no opportu
nity for distinction, and a .feeling that,
now there is a prospect of war In China,
he ought to be given a chance to place
fresh laurels on his fevered brow. There
was Justice In General Miles' complaint
that he was not placed in command at
Manila or of the Santiago expedition,
but his application for service in China
is a very different matter. The Ameri
can troops in China today do not ex
ceecd 2500 men, and when all our sol
diers ordered thither have arrived the
whole effective force will not exceed
10,000 men, altogether too small a com
mand for the ranking Major-General of
There Is and there can be no dispute
as to superior military talents and ex
perience of General Miles, but to send
him to China to command a few thou
sand men would be as absurd as it
would have been for Great Britain to
order Lord Roberts to China Instead
of General Gaselee. General Chaffee is
for a limited command of 10,000 men in
China quite equal to General Miles, for
he had seen five years of service In the
regular Army when Miles entered It, In
1S6G; was twice brevetted for gallantry
.at Gettysburg and Dinwiddle Court
house. It is true that Chaffee was but
a First Lieutenant in the regular Army
when Miles entered it In 1S66 under his
appointment as Colonel, but when the
Spanish "War broke out in 1898 Chaffee
had already won four additional bre
vets for gallantry, and was at once
sent to Santiago -with the rank of Brigadier-General
of Volunteers. He dis
played so much gallantry and ability
before Santiago that he was made Ma-jor-General
of Volunteers, and It was
solely on his long and brilliant record
of distinguished services In the Civil
"War, the Indian wars and the war with
Spain that he was selected to command
our troops In China, Our Chinese force
is not a large command, but the field of
operations is new and peculiar, and a
very energetic, common-sense, prudent,
practical all-around soldier was needed,
and General Chaffee is Just the man for
the place, while General Miles would
be out of his natural place commanding
from 2000 to 10,000 Americans in China.
The plea of Miles' friends that his
rank and reputation would cause the
commanders of other columns to defer
to his Judgment and thus insure more
effective co-operation Is utterly without
force. The greatest drawback today
probably in the military operations of
the allies in China Is the difficulty of
making orders understood in an army
that Includes so many Prussians and
Japanese, whose language Is not gen
erally understood by the English and
Americans, or by each other. The rank
'and reputation of General Miles would
not count for much with the veteran
professional soldiers who command the
Russian, French and German contin
gents. If he came as General Miles,
the commander of a powerful army. It
might make some difference; but as a
mere personality commanding from 2000
to 10,000 troops. Miles would not count
for more than Chaffee. The question
of rank probably has never been seri
ously raised; for doubtless everything
is subordinated to the purpose of the
movement, viz., how to beatthe enemy
and most quickly reach Pekin. The ar
rival of (general J. H. "Wilson, who will
reach China in about ten days from
now, will supply General Chaffee with
a subordinate who is not only an edu
cated soldier, but Is personally familiar
with the whole terrain of impending
LUDINGTON, PREVARICATOR - GEN
ERAL.. Assertions made In the recent tele
gram of "Ludlngton, Quartermaster
General," to Senator McBride, in answet
to the discrimination made against
Portland in the transport business, are
ridiculous. That official says:
Ships can be obtained upon more advan
tageous terms at San Francisco and the Sound
than at Portland. In this connection atten
tion t Is invited to tho fact that recently an
effort was made to charter the Willamette
at Portland. The price asked for this vessel
was $600 per day. This price -was considered
too hlzh. as the department couid secure ves
sels of larger size and capacity for much
lower rates at tho Sound and at San Fran
cisco. The department wanted very much to
make this shipment from Portland, and offered
a rate of ?550 per day for this vessel, -which
was declined. Vessels of like size and ca
pacity were procured on the Sound and at San
Francisco at much less rates, and the depart
ment does not feel -warranted in paying hlsher
prices for vessels calling from. Portland than
can be secured at other ports.
This statement is susceptible of two
interpretations. One is that "Ludlng
ton, Quartermaster-General," is grossly
Ignorant of the business In which he is
supposed to be In the closest touch.
The other is that he credits Portland
business men with a degree of stupid
ity unwarranted by the facts in the
"Why was the steamship "Willamette
singled out as an Illustration of the case
under discussion? The "Willamette has
not been in Portland, nor on the Co
lumbia River, for nearly five years, and
no one in this port had any authority to
charter her. Any attempted "hold-up"
on the rate of this steamer must neces
sarily have occurred at either San
Francisco or Seattle, the ports between-
which the steamer is operated, and in
which her owners are most deeply in
terested. If "the department wanted very much
to make this shipment from Portland,"
why was the Almond Branch ordered
away from the Columbia to Puget
Sound? Nearly two days' time was lost
by this proceeding, and the per diem
which she is costing the Government
goes on at the same rate whether she
loads at Portland, Puget Sound or San
Then there was the Pak Ling. "When
she was in the merchant service her
owners found Portland a cheap, safe
and economical port at which to load
her. Why in their great anxiety to load
a ship at Portland did the department
fail to send us the Pak Ling?
The Kintuck had not yet left the Ori
ent when the Quartermaster "wanted
very much" to make that shipment
from Portland. This steamer was to be
refitted as an animal transport, and the
greater part of her cargo has been
picked up in Southern and Eastern Ore
gon, in territory directly tributary to
Portland. A Portland firm refitted one
steamer for the Government at a cost
several thousand dollars under the
price paid the Seattle firm which is
enjoying such a wholesale monopoly of
the business. Why were they given no
chance to bid on repairs to the Kin
tuck? Then there was the Belgian King. In
the merchant service, she also found
Portland a good port at which to load,
but, although the department "wanted
very much" to make a shipment from
Portland, the Belgian King was ordered
right past the Columbia to Puget
Sound. The Oopack, now in the Orient,
has been chartered to come across the
Pacific, and the hay, oats and horses
with which she will be loaded are al
ready being got together In Oregon
towns, for shipment to Seattle.
There are about a dozen other ves
sels in the service which "Ludlngton,
Quartermaster-General," might have
mentioned instead of the Willamette.
If the Government still "wants very
much" to make shipments from Port
land, it can charter ships In any part
of the world to come to Portland for the
same rate at which they will go to
Puget Sound or San Francisco. It can
also buy forage, stores and horses as
cheap for Portland shipment as it can
for Seattle shipment.
American capital has Invested heavily
In the latest Issue of British bonds,
and would gladly have taken more.
Correctly to apprehend the Infamy of
this Intrusion upon English soil, we
must view it In the light of Mr. Alt
geld's recent Anglophobic at Toledo.
On that occasion the tender-hearted and
peace-loving Altgeld, it will be remem
bered, laid bare the shameless Iniquity
of any man who, living in England,
advanced money to the United States
Government on its bonds. He Is, Alt
geld makes no doubt, our mortal enemy
in the guise of an investor. The enor
mity of his offense in daring to lend us
money pales into insignificance beside
the heinousness of his preference to be
paid in real money. Alas, that British
men should have sunk so low as to
want principal or even Interest of
money they have lent I Alas again and
more alas, that Americans should now
be pursuing the same diabolical policy
toward Great Britain!
The day will come, any far-seeing and
self-sacrificing patriot like Altgeld can
see it and" scent it from afar, when
these American investors who advance
the British Nation money now to pay
its soldiers and sailors will have the
hardihood to expect their bonds to be
paid in gold. The most we can hope for
is that by that time British civilization,
moving upward to the high plane of
Altgeldian and Bryanlte statesman
ship, will have developed the moral and
spiritual manhood to tell these Amer
ican bondholders to be off about their j
business and forbear to subvert the
liberties of a free people.
There was a farmer in Nebraska once
whose crop failed In a grasshopper
vear. and he hadn't a cent to buy seed
corn or feed his hogs. In his distress J
he called upon a man who had saved
a few hundreds, who listened to his
plea for aid, and lent him the money,
while the grateful farmer signed the
note with tears of Joy. Time passed,
and the attitude of the farmer to the
lender changed. Gratitude gave way
to resentment and affection to hate.
'Every time he saw the object of his
former entreaties but subsequent dis
Jlke, he turned the corner and slunk
out of sight with muttered Impreca
tions. His one aim In life was to keep
from paying the note and brand the
lender as a mean man and an enemy
of society.' That Nebraska farmer,
multiplied some thousands of diameters.
13 the Bryan party In the United States.
The first purpose of the? present ad
vance of the any of the allies from
Tien TBln Is to secure the railway at
Yang Tsun, where it crosses the Pel
Ho River, and prevent the Chinese
from blocking the navigation of that
part of the liver between there and
Tien Tsin, which may be used for the
transport of supplies in Junks and
barges. It has been reported that the
river Is blocked by stone-loaded junks
sunk In the channel, and that above
Yang Tsun a dam Is under construction
,to stop the flow of water and turn it
into the low-lying country south of
Pekin. The Chinese forces, which are
reported as having been attacked by
the allies on Sunday, were placed
astride of the railway and the Pel Ho
River, between Pel Tsang and Yang
Tsun. No details of the battle and Its
results have yet come to hand. It the
Chinese were badly beaten, they prob
ably will not offer battle again at Yang
Tsun, but .if they escaped severe loss
and demoralization, they will fight at
that point. It Is startling evidence of
the revolution created by Improved
small arms in modern warfare that
their possession and use by the Chi
nese has converted an army that was
an ill-armed, undisciplined rabble In
I860 Into a comparatively formidable
fighting machine in 1900.
PresidenttMohler's strenuous and un
flagging efforts for steamship facilities
he?e have apparently been crowned at
length with a gratifying measure of
success. An announcement of Port
land's Oriental line has been sent out
by the Associated Press, and will ap
pear in the newspapers of the country
this morning under a Portland date.
In our news columns we give what we
understand to be the precise nature of
the undertaking. In the vigorous work
Mr. Mohler incessantly pursues for the
upbuilding of this port and the develop
ment of Eastern Oregon's resources, he
deserves the appreciation, encourage
ment and co-operation of the people of
Portland and of the whole State of Ore
gon. That more is not obtainable in
this direction is no faulc, It is believed,
of his. But an indispensable factor in
success Js the united and hearty sup
port of this community. Subservience
to active rivals and predatory rail
roads is one way to destroy a city's
future, but there is another way just
as effective. That is to ignore good
work when It is done. The ingrate will
get ahead about as fast as the nerve
less. The New York Journal tells us that
the railroad ticket scalpers, of whom
there are great numbers, will all vote
and work for Bryan. "All these men,"
It says, "are suffering a large decrease
In their incomes, solely because the
railways of the United States have
formed a gigantic pool or trust, and
have discontinued paying these agents
a commission for selling tickets over
the various railways." It seems, then,
to be supposed that Mr. Bryan, If elect
ed, will be expected to take measures
to compel the railroad companies to
pay commissions for sale of tickets, to
persons not In their own service. But
why should there be any commission
on sale of railroad tickets? We should
suppose the great and good friend of the
people would go in for abolishment of
all commissions, give the public the
benefit of reduced rates, and let the
An anti paper says: "The Republi
cans long ago ceased to make any
active effort to maintain negro suffrage
in the South." Because they saw the
consequences; and moreover, they saw
the uselessness of the effort. So long,
moreover, as Republicans did make ac
tive effort in that behalf, they were
bitterly denounced for their exhibit of
sectional animosity. But now the antl
organs complain because it Is given up.
LI Hung Chang estimates the port of
Klao Chou as an "exorbitant penalty
for a couple of missionaries." Figur
ing on this basjs, to. be sure, not much
of the Chinese Empire would be left in
tact after reimbureal for recent massa
cres. But the expression discloses the
Oriental mind's curious conception of
justice. Land is not the only thing in
ternationally legal tender for murder.
Plato says. "To love and be wise Is
not given to man." Cicero, following
Plato, Is fond of repeating the expres
sion. Burke says: "If to love and be
wise is not given to man, no more is
to tax and to please." These are great
names to associate with the "blanket
James J. Hill says Seattle is to be the
gr.eat trans-Pacific trading point. This,
doubtless, will not meet the view of
Director Burt, ofhe Oriental & Occi
dental line, San Francisco. Each,
meanwhile, Is of course doing all he
can for Portland.
Alabama next. That state has set in
motion the machinery for disfranchise
ment of the negro. Mr. Bryan Is will
ing to waive "consent of the governed"
in that state also. But he is much
worried about the poor niggers of the
There will be no Watson-Sewall busi
ness in this campaign. Towne is leav
ing poor old Stevenson to tread the
wine-press alone, and there is much
discretion in his decision. But It is
hard on the silver cohorts of the far
The "blanket" ordinance may be In
equitable in parts, probably Is. But Its
most signal success Is in demonstration
of the old truth that taxation designed
to please the taxce will invariably fail
of its expectation.
No one familiar with Russian meth
ods of warfare need be surprised at the
tales of barbarity told by voyagers from
China. It is the "bear that walks like
Oar John in Trouble.
New York Evening Post, August 2.
John Barrett, once Minister to Slam, but
now attached to the speaking force at
the Republican National headquarters,
preparing to make a stumping tour Into
Vermont and other stales? is believed to
have had a bad quarter of an hour with
Senator Hanna at headquarters today,
and all because the reporters say thej
got from him (and because they pub
lished In due course) the assurance that
Thomas B. Reed would be found "in
line" to "stump" for the Republicans.
The latest attempt to Interview Mr. Reed
on the subject, in Boston last night, hav
ing resulted merely in Mr. Reed's asking.
"Who is Barrett, anyway?" and then, on
being informed, remarking that he was
competent to speak for himself, Mr. Bar
rett went in to see Mr, Hanna this morn
ing, and came out with a very red face
and the following statement:
In view of tho prominenco given the matter,
and In Justice to Speaker Reed and myself.
I would say that I havo made no statement
anywhere to any one to tho effect that I had
assurances that Mr. Reed would speak during
tho campaign In Maine or elsewhere. How
any such report could have originated, or why
I should have been made tho medium of an
alleged expression of Speaker Reed's Inten
tions, I cannot possibly understand. I havo
not even the honor of personal acquaintance
with the distinguished statesman. Tho only
reference I have made to him is that I hoped
he would participate in the Vermont and Maine
campaigns, in which I have been Invited to
After the statement had been given out
Mr. Barrett was surrounded by reporters
and vigorously plied with questions. He
"Did you not say here in the head
quarters that Mr. Reed would speak in
tho Maine campaign?"
"I might have said that I felt sure that
Mr. Reed would speak," he answered.
He was then asked a number of other
pointed questions and became visibly em
barrassed, and said tthat his words must
have been misconstrued. He then got
away as soon as possible.
The Clsnrette Smokers' Handicap.
Leaving aside all discussion of the ef
fects of cigarette smoking on tho hsalth,
it becomes every day plainer that the
man who persists in smoking the "papsr
pipes" is severely handicapped in a busi
There is a widespread feeling among
business men it makes no difference for
the purposes of this argument whether It
is well founded or not that a man or a
boy who smokes cigarettesis not a desir
able person to "have around the shop" or
the office. Many of the largest firms In
tho city make it a fixed and immovable
rule not to employ cigarette smokers In
any capacity. Almost every day
another business house falls into
line with this policy. Some firms
have- gone so far as to forbid cigarette
smoking among their present employes
under penalty of dismissal. Other things
being equal, it is almost universally true
that of two men, one of whom use3 cig
arettes while tha other does not, the lat
ter will be preferred in a business house
or even in a factory.
The wise cigarette smoker will face the
facts as they exist and not waste his tlmo
In trying to persuade, people that cigar
ettes are harmless. He will make up hl3
mind whether his ruling ambition is to
succeed In business or to smoke cigar
ettes and be governed accordingly. If he
Insists on the solace of a puff from his
roll of paper and tobacco, he may as
well conclude that In the end he will have
more cigarettes than money to burn.
Business men have apparently made up
their minds that they do not want cigar
ette rmokers in responsible positions, and
business men are too busy, as a rule, to
listen to arguments on the subject. It is
a condition and not a theory which con
fronts tho man who Is wedded- to the
Racial Element in Americans.
It is certain that tho American people
are not predominantly Anglo-Saxon, If
the early British admixtures be taken
Into account, and It Is not even certain
that thoy are as predominantly Teutonic
as we hava thought The Celtic and
Slavic element In emigration is great and
Increasing, and these people are more
prolific than those of Gaelic blood. Mr.
Moulton Emery, in, Ounton's Magazine,
presents some highly Interesting statistics
in his journey to the conclusion that in
1SS0 the population of the United States
included 35.CO3.000 English, 12,000,000 Ger
mans and Scandinavians and S.OW.COO
Celts, Slavs an.d Semites, besides the
8.000,000 negroes. This would make the
English to all others as 7 to 4, anl
the Goths to all others as 6 to 1.
This treats the race as nine-tenths
pure English In 1750, which prob
ably does not allow enough for
the Dutch, Palatine, German and Scotch
Irish migration. Moreover, It seems to
assuma the same rato of Increase for all
races after they get here, which common
experience shows to be absurd. The real
ly impressive thing In Mr. Emery's article
Is a tablo of Immigration ethnically clas
sified from 17S0 to 1S90. It leaves n.egroe3
out of account, and contains, in round
numbers, 11.003.COO Teutons, 4.150,000 Celts
and 50O.CO3 Slavs. Among the Teutons,
the Germans were to the English as 3 to
2, making the latter only about 6,530,030
out of the whole 16,000,000. Non-Teuton
immigration has increased enormously
since 1S90, and embraces races hardly
thought of then. We become less English
and probably less Gothic every year.
Doufflas nn Expansionist.
Stephen A. Douglas was the idol of his
party. He was a sincere Democrat, and
an .outspoken man. The "Little Giant"
had few peers in the Nation and no
superior in his party. In 1S5S Senator
Douglas said In a speech delivered In his
I tell you, increase and multiply and expand
is the law of this Nation's existence. You
cannot limit this great republic by mere Imag
inary lines, saying, "Thus far shalt thou go
and no farther." Any one of you gentlemen
would be foolish to say to a. son 12 years old
that ho is big enoush, and must not grow
any larger, and in order to prevent his growth
put a hoop around him to keep him to his
present size. "What would be tho result?
Either the hoop must burst and ba rent asun
der, or the child must die. So It would bo
with this great Nation.
"With our natural increase, growing with a
rapidity unknown in any other part of the
globs, with the tide of emigration that is
fleeing from despotism in the Old World to seek
refugo in our own, there Is a constant torrent
pouring Into this country that requires more
land, more territory upon which to settle, and
Just as fast as our interests and our destlny
requlre additional territory In the North, In
the South, or on the Islands of the ocean, I
am for It.
. The Bnay and Silent Reed.
It is to be plainly Inferred from an in
terview with Thomas B. Reed In Boston
or rather an attempt to interview him
that the ex-Speaker is not to be heard
on tho Republican stump this Fall. Mr.
Reed was told by the reporter that ex
Mlnister Barrett had given to Mr. Hanna
assurances that Mr? Reed would make
some speeches In Maine. "Who Is this
Barrettr asked Mr. Reed. "Why, John
Barrett, ex-Minister to Slam," was the
reply. Mr. Reed announced, with some
sharpness: "Nobody can speak for me. I
will do all the talking for myself that is
necessary." And then he added: "I
haven't any time to make any speeches,
for I am too busy a man." Perhaps this
is net the first time that John Barrett
has assumed a knowledge that he did not
possess there are those who believe it.
St. Louis Star.
The Springfield (Mass.) Republican
gravely remarks: "If Mr. Bryan should
be elected ho would enter the Whit2
House with no man holding his pledge
of place or power under him."
It occurs to us that we have heard just
such twaddle as this before, and wo are
certain that we have known, possibly not
in the Presidency of tho United States,
but In several minor offices, proportion
ately responsible, where men have en
tered upon their duties claiming to bs
wholly unpledged, who have made the
saddest and most miserable failures, by
gathering around them a3 adv'sers a st
of wholly Inexperienced and Incompetent
Bryan. It elected, wou!d go loio the
great office responsible to no one but him
selfnot even to his' own party, for he
owns It, made Its platform and will dic
tate Its every policy.
Talk of Imperialism, what's this? If
there Is anything more imperialistic than
one-man power, we would like to know
what it Is. Tho Czar Is no more absolute
than Bryan would attempt to make him
self if given the opportunity, and la the
attempt would certainly wreck himself,
his party, and, without doubt, involve all
the people of this country In serious trou
ble. If not, positive calamity.
Andrew Johnson, If we remember cor
rectly, entered the White House un
pledged to any one. His fate should be a
warning to such aspiring and presuming
young men as Bryan.
King Charles I was a man after Bryan's
own heart responsible on.ly to himself.
History records the fact that he lost his
Gog and Magog.
God is not absent from 'China. Tho
battle of the nations is to be In China.
Gog and Magog havo at last met, and
tho history of these days will bo the
wonder of future generations; the doings
of these days will mold and fashion the
destiny of tho human race. We have
gone to China in obedience to the solemn
command of the King of Kings to carry
the gospel, to build schools and churches,
to erect and support hospitals in short,
to carry to the people of China all that
Is best in Christian civilization. If ever
there was a time when the governments
of Christendom should heed the admoni
tion that they bear not the sword in
vain, this is pre-eminently the time.
Expansion an Accomplished Pact.
Memphis Commercial-Appeal, Dem.
There is no such thing- as imperialism
contemplated by any party. Legitimate
and necessary expansion Is an accomp
lished fact; talk of Imperialism is ar
rant nonsense and nonsense cannot bo
made a paramount issue any more than
an elephant can be made an eel by writ
ing on Its trunk: "This Is an eel." Ten
nessee's coal, iron and cotton must find a
market In the Orient, and the people
should bo educated up to the point whero
thoy can see the utility and benefits of
Acts Spealc Loader Than "Words.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
The North Carolina election proves the
utter hyprocisy of Bryanlte anxiety
about "consent of the governed." Other
effects of the new law are more or less
remote, but the exposure of Bryanltlc
pretenses is instant. While clamoring
"for "consent of the governed" in Luzon,
the Bryanites havo abolished that princi
ple for the time in North Carolina. No
one can now believe In the sincerity of
Mr. Bryan's sympathy for "the oppressed
Should Have Hired Him by the Job.
When Remenyl, tho famous violinist,
was a young man. he was engaged by a
parvenu to play at a dinner, the agree
ment stating that he was to furnish music
from 8 o'clock to 11. He began with 6n
andante' movement from Mozart, a com
position which opens very low and soft.
The host turned to his guests:
"That's Just like those musicians," he
said. "I hired him by the hour, and you
see how slow he plays."
MEN AND WOMEN.
President Hadley, of Tale, is something of
an oarsman in a small way, and spends much
of his vacation In a rowboat.
Henrlk Ibsen's health Is Improving, and he
intends to pay a visit in September to Orkney
and Shetland, where a number of his relatives
Frederick Paulsen, the German philosopher.
Is to deliver a course of lectures on modern
philosophy at tho University of Cambridge,
England, next Fall.
Charles Frohman says ono reason ho selected
John Drew to play Richard Carvel Is his skill
with tho sword, besides his special qualifica
tions for the part.
Mr. Byron Brenan. C. M. Q., tho British
Consul at Shanghai, has spent exactly 34
years In China, whero as long ago as 18C0 ha
was appointed a student interpreter.
Professor Thomas H. Norton, of tho Univer
sity of Cincinnati, who was recently appointed
to establish a United States Consulate at Har
poot, Turkey, will have the honor of represent
ing this country at the furthest Inland con
sulate. One of the British Army's oldest officers is
the Duke of Cambridge, who, notwithstanding
the fact that he Is three months older than
the Queen, show3 few or no traces of old age;
indeed, since his retirement from tho post of
Commander-in-Chief he has accepted far more
social and official invitations and engagements
than he was formerly able to do.
A movement Is on foot at Malpas, Cheshire.
England, for the restoration 5f the church with
which the name of Bishop Heber 13 associated.
It was in the neighboring rectory that he was
born, and the register testifies to tho fact that
he was christened in Malpas Church. Not
only so, but his father, Reginald Heb;r, was
the builder of the rectory, and his mother was
One of the best-known American Consuls to
China Is Rev. Samuel N. Gracey, D. D.. who
Is at Foo Choo. Dr. Gracey was born in
Philadelphia in 1835. After obtaining an ed
ucation ho was for SO years pastor of Metho
dist churches of considerable prominence in
and about Philadelphia, "Wilmington and Bos
ton. He was twice elected to the Massachu
setts Legislature from Salem.
When sho is not on a professional tour.
Madame Modjeska Is an enthusiastic farmer.
She is an early riser, and Is out among her cat
tle and bees till breakfast. In the morning
she rests, and in the afternoon takes rides
about the surrounding mountains. The house
upon her ranch Is of the bungalow kind, cov
ered with vines and roses, and with a flower
garden in which the fair artist does not dis
dain to become the woman behind the hoo.
The Peace Conference.
A year ago, or less, perhaps.
We thought we'd seen tho last of scraps.
Or that at least war soon would cease.
For all the world was talking peace.
The nations to The Hague had sent
Their delegates, wise men intent
On making plans so each dispute
Would not call armies out to shoot.
The conference to thus end -war
Was fathered by the famous Czar,
And at his Invitation men
Poured In to stor war there and then.
For weeks they talked, for months they planned.
And then 'twas told In every land.
That there was cause to Jubilate,
For all disputes they'd arbitrate.
Eut ere the ink had fairly dried
On plans that they had ratified.
The mutterlngs of war arose.
And there was gathering of foes,
Tho Czar Increased his armaments.
The Kaiser's war zeal grew Intense,
In Britain's ftect3 now ships wore lined.
And France was not eTs far behind.
Soon near tho Southern Afrlc shores
John Bull was grappling with the Boers,
They fought o'er veldt, they fought o'er hill.
And, what Is worse, they're fighting still.
Our Uncle Sam was busy, too.
In thrashing Agulnaldo's crew.
And though In every fight he won.
The battllnr there Is not yet done.
The Chinese now are raising Cain
Though that it'a war is not made plain
With Yankee, Briton. Frenchman, Jap,
German and Russian in tho scrap.
They're fighting hard, that's not in doubt.
To put the heathen Chinks to rout.
And ere there's ending of that fray,
There'll bo the wry deuce to pay.
And here and there throughout the world
The flars of war have been unfurled.
With armies growing by degrees
And navies prowling 'round the seas.
Just when 'twill end 'tis hard to say.
For things seem getting worse each day.
Ana, strange, enough, these rows immensa
Date back to that peace conference.
. NOTE AND COMMENT.
Is tho Hon. John, Barrett not intec
viewable on the Chinese war?
An undated dispatch Is about as satis
factory as an unsigned check.
Somebody should notify Towne at
two Is company and three's a crowd.
It begins to look as If the Queen had
revoked Alfred Austin's poetic license.
Unfortunately for Slgnor Bressi. Hc$u
John P. Altseld has nothing to do wl2i
Tho. city salary-roll of New Yorlc City
Is shown by the City Record. Just pub
lished, to rise above 5W.0CO.00O.
Spain Is going to sell her obsolete war
ships, but she has received no bid for tae
submarine fleet she has off Santiago.
Thus far the proprietors of laundries
are the only shirt waste men. who have
been seen in this section of the country.
If tho report that Oom Paul haa
shaved proves true, he can aspect no
more resolutions of sympathy from popu
The anarchists who notified tho new
-King of Italy that he must prepare for
death probably will bo surprised when.
ho prepares for theirs.
Li Hung Chang's wlfo hns more than
500 fur garments. As she lives in a
warm climate, one naturally wants U
know "what fur?"
Billy Musqn has boon denouncing the
Administration again. Bryan seems to
be the victim of a relentless combination
If tho seat of war continues to shift
tho average man will soon know nearly
as much about geography as his son
who is In the fifth grade at school.
The expenses of the New York City
government beat the record of the
world's cities. The cost of her Police De
partment is 53 24 per capita, against 52 fc
in Paris, ?3 14 In London, and E5 cents,
Senator Hoar, ex-Senator Edmunds,
Congressman Littleflcld and other Repub
lican antl-lmperlallsts, profess the belief,
that more for their cause can be expect?d
from the Republican party than from trttr
A 72-year-old recruit has passed the
doctor's examination for the Imperial
Yeomanry. He had served 23 years la
tho Black Watch, the Gordons and other
Highland regiments, and haa six son3
serving In the army, four of them at
tho front In South Africa.
Few sccial events in England hava
aroused the interest which has centered'
iH the marriage of Lady Randolph;
Churchill to a young Lieutenant of the
British Army, Cornwall'.s-West. Lady
Randolph Is about 50 and the Lieutenant
under SO. which Is the real cause of the
commotion. It is well known that Wins
ton Churchill is Lady Randolph's son, and
that Lieutenant Cornwal.l3-Wests moth
er was much opposed to the match.
The late Duko of Saxe Coburg Gotha.
was a good seaman, but extremely un
popular with officers and men, and.
strange stories have been told of his
parsimony and meanness. In London,,
too, he was looked upon with a coldness
that was In marked contrast to the pop
ularity of Ms brother, the Prince ot
Wales. Ha was a good musician and oc
casionally performed on tho violin in,
public at charitable concerts. George IV,
ancestor ot tho Duke of Saxo
Coburg Gotha, played excellently on the
violin, and it was about the only thing
ho could do and would do that afforded
any satisfaction to his family.
PLEASANTRIES OP PARAGRAPHERS
The Minority. The minority Is quite as Im
portant in the manufacture of history as la
the nether millstone In tha manufacture oZ
flour. Detroit Journal.
Anticipated. Prospective Tenant Thero Isn't
room in theso flats to" Janitor All tenants
have access to the baaement. where the largest
cats can bo swunjr with ease. Puck.
Those Idiotic Questions. The Starer Were,
you alwaj-s this little? The Dwarf Lord bless
you no. I was an eight-foot giant till tha
panic of '73 hit me. I ain't never recovered.
A Peaceful Exit. Did you havo any words
with your mistress which caused you to leavo
your last place?" "Nlver a wor-rd. Shuro.
an Ol locked her In the bathroom, and tuk all
me things, and shllppcd out as quiet as yes
plase." Harper's Bazar.
War editors who aro beginning- to get
through with Boer names will find their experi
ence stands them In play for Chinese dis
patches. "Kopje" with "LI" before It and
"Wang" after it will do either for a. city or
the name ot a Viceroy. Boston Transcript,
Kindred Callings. "I bear your tort'ls. achiev
ing great success In hfctfsttiab career!" "Yes."
replied the architect. "I should think he.
would havo entered your profession." "Well,
It amounts to the same thing. We both mako
money by drawing houses." Philadelphia
Farmer Greene So tho teacher said you was
a chip of the old block, eh? The Impudent
virago! What had you been doing? Bobby
Greene Why, I had been standing at the head
of my class in everything, and Farmer
Greene Just as I thought, my boy! Mlsa Jonea
is a moot estimable and dlscernlnsr young lady,
and I shall recommend her to the 'trustees for
a raise of salary. Judge.
The country'3 goln to the dogs we've got it
She's hummln on the down grade now ther
isn't any doubt.
Tho Phlllyplnes an' Cuby, too, la draggln her
An, gee! The outlook's fierce enough to fairly
. take your breath.
We can't see how they're goln' to avoid a. na3ty
Ua fellers in the groe'ry store down hero la
They're workln' wrong In Washln'ton, wo seo
It plain a3 day.
They haven't done a single thing, nor passed
a bill our way.
If they'd a listened to our words wo wouldn t
brag but. well.
The country wouldn't bad to stand this tnr-
rlblo dry spell.
An long ago we settled on a. good financial
Dill j v
Us statesmen In the groe'ry store down hero
The Chinese question honestly, lfa Jest a
Two weeks aso we'd planned a way to dasa
An capture every Chlnyman, an bust their
An' grab that town of Shang Sha well, I
can't pronounce the name.
But, anyway, we'd give em all a mighty bit
ter pill .
Us soldiers at the groe'ry store down here In
Then these election questions we havo argled
pro an' con.
Till not a candydate haa got a. lee to stand
We've flggered out the troubles that each ono
has got to meet.
An every singte candydate Is certain to bo
There Isn't any argyment that wo can't glvo
Us fellers in the groe'ry store down hero la