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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 9, 1900)
-. W A '
VOL. XL. NO. 12,373.
PORTLAND, OXYGON. THURSDAY, ATJGU.ST 9, 1900.
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the Most complete stock-of
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Newest, Best and Up-to-Date Goods Only.
Agents for Volgtlaender Cblllnear Lenses.
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Flrst-Class Chclc Rmtanrant Rooms Double $1.00 to $2 00 per day
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Harness, Robes and Whips.
The Oreaon Agricultural College
A public institution maintained by the United States and the State of Oregon.
Tuition free and no charges for incidental expenses. Agriculturo, mechanical engi
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The Next Term Will Begin September 21, 1900
For catalogue address Thos. M. Gatch, President, or John D. Daly, Secretary
Board of Regents, Corvnllls, Oregon.
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on the White House Road.
320-338 E. Morrison St,
ALLIES PUSHING ON
Advance Upon Yang Tsun Be
gan Monday Morning.
JAPANESE WON PEIT SANG BATTLE
Americana Were to Malce a Turning
Movement, bnt Were Unable io
Form In Line.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8. The War De
partment has received the following
cablegram from General Chaffee:
"Che Foo. Adjutant-General, Washing
ton, Aug. 5. Pelt Sang was handsomely
taken early this morning by Japanese
troops, supported by English and Amer
icans. The Japanese loss Is considerable;
English slight; Americans none.' The
ground was very limited. In the morning
the American troops occupied the rear
position, which was to form a turning
movement, but they were unable to form
In line. We will cross the Pel Ho to
the left bank tomorrow morning, and
move on Tang Tsun.
"The Consul at Che Foo ha3 furnished
a copy of the dispatch from the Tsung 11
Yamun on July 30, which he has cabled.
Tang Tsun is near 18 miles from Tien
Tsin, and 94 miles from Peit Sang, where
Sunday's battle was fought.
FEAR FOR THE MINISTERS.
Bnt the Government Will Not 'Halt
the Relief Expedition.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8 Gravest ap
prehensions are felt here In official cir
cles for the safety of the Imprisoned Min
isters in Pekln. The alleged statement
of Li Hung Chang that it 13 absolutely
Impossible for the allies to enter Pekln
to escort the Ministers to Tien Tsin adds
greatly to the strain of the situation. It
clearly implies the purpose of the Chi
nese Government to resist the advance
of the allies. So far as known, there
Is no present purpose of calling a halt in
the allied movement against Pekln. It
is acknowledged that the relief column
is not strong enough to maintain wa
against the- Chinese Kingdom for any
great length of time, but heavy reinforce
ments are en route to China. Their ar
rival on the scene may alter the situa
tion entirely and bring the obstinate Ori
entals to their senses.
It Is' the present situation, however,
that worries the Administration, and
there Is general chagrin that- it 13 not
in a position to enforce its demands and
bring the Chinese authorities to instant
terms. In the course of the next two
months there will be about C000 American
troops on Chinese soil, not counting many
thousands more that could be transferred
from the Philippines In case of neces
sity. The Chinese will be held to a strict
accountability for any injury that may
be sustained by American interests in
the present crisis. What should be done
for the immediate relief of the Ministers
Is thp problem" now confronting 'the -Administration,
ajid is th"e..gubject, ofVanxoug.
conferences between the officials in this
city and in telegraphic correspondence
with the President at Canton and-the
Secretary of State at Sunapee, N. H.
Acting Secretary JLdee received a cabfe
message this morning from Consul Good
now, at Shanghai, giving the latest In
formation in his possession In regard- to
the situation in China, including the op
erations of the allied forces engaged In
the advance on Pekln. It was referred
to the Secretary of War, and was not
made public. The brief dispatch received
today at the Navy Department from
Rear-Admiral Romey, commanding the
naval forces In Chinese waters, gives a
somewhat different aspect to the battle
at Pelt Sang on the 5th, as it Indicates
that the American detachment took no
part in that engagement, not having ar.
rived until after the Japanese forces had
effected the capture of the city. Admiral
Remey confirms General Chaffee's state
ment that Tang Tsun is the next ob
jective point of the relief column on its
march to Pekln.
LONDON MORE HOPEFUL.
MacDonnld and Brace Dispatches
Reassuring: to British.
LONDON, Aug. 9, 4 A. M. Beyond the
official dispatches given out yesterday
morfilrig, the papers contain no informa
tion of importance from China. Thanks
to the dispatches of Sir Claude MacDon
ald and Rear-Admiral Bruce, there is a
general disposition to take a more hopeful-view
of the situation.
The report of the appointment of Field
Marshal Count "Von Waldersee as Commander-in-Chief
of the International
forces meets with general approval.
The Rome correspondent of the Dally
Mall announces the reception there of
official dispatches from the Italian Min
ister in Pekln, asserting that he left Pe
kln on July 31, presumably for Tien Tsin.
This, however, is so utterly at vari
ance with the action and Intentions of
tho other Ministers heard from, that It
seems almost incredible. If true, it opens
up an Interesting field of speculation con
cerning the fate of the Italian represen
tative. The text of tho edict of. August 2, au
thorizing the escort of the Ministers from
Pekln to Tien Tsin, given out at tho
Chinese legation, says in part: "In view
of the existence of hostilities between
certain Chinese rebels and foreign powers,
caused by the anti-Christian feelings of
the Chinese people, we have afforded rea
sonable protection to the foreign repre
sentatives In Pekln, and the Tsung It
Yamun has sent to the legations let
ters of Inquiry and proposals for their
safe conveyance, under escort, to Tien
Tsin. in order to avoid apprehension of
further attack from rebels before the
complete restoration of peace and order
In -the capital.
"We have now, on tho advice of Li
Hung Chang and Liu Kun TI, to au
thorize Tung Lu to escort them to Tien
Tsin. If there be any rebels en route
trying to endanger the safety of the
party, the officials have to destroy the
rebels at once."
The Chinese Legation believes that the
members of the foreign legations have
not yet left Pekln, but that they will do
so, and declares that the edict would net
have been issued had not the foreign
Ministers signified a willingness to ac
cept the escort. The Shanghai corre
spondent of the Dally News, wirirar yes
terday, says: "United States Consul
Goodnow strongly opposes Admiral Sey
mour's intention to land 3000 troops, on
the ground that such would not be war
ranted by the circumstances, and would
be likely to create trouble. M. Bezaure,
the French Consul, agrees to the ar
rangement, but says that if the British
land forces the French will do likewise.
The Americans will also land men. My
personal opinion is that the landing of
troops here at the present moment would
be a grave mistake."
The Dally Chronicle, commenting upon
American criticism of the character of
the Chinese "news" printed in some Lon
don dailies, admits that the charges are
only too true, and that the, practice of
certain papers In this respect Is opposed
to the best traditions of British journals.
It joins in the American protest against
trashy serratlonallsm. Almost rtll the
news in this morning's paper upon which
credence is placed, comes either from
Washington or direct from British, officials.
TO COMMAND GERMAN FORCES.
Connt -von Waldersee May Lend In
COLOGNE. Aug. 8. The Cologne Ga
zette's Berlin correspondent states that
he has it from an authoritative source
that Field Marshal Count von Walder
see has been appointed Commander-in-Chief
of the allied troops In China.
BERLIN, Aug. S. The German For
eign Office, in confirming to the corre
spondent of the Associated Press this af
ternoon the report of Count Von Walder
see's appointment said this was only to
be commander of the German forces In
China, and that the question as to wheth
er he would command ?a the Interna
tional forces had not been settled.
The post says Field Marshal Count von
Waldersee will start for China in a fort
night. Czar Sends Congratulations.
HAMBURG. Aug. 8. Tho Hoersnaelle
asserts -that the Czar of Russia has ca
bled to Field Marshal Count von Walder
see, of the German Army, an expression
of His Majesty's satisfaction at the Field
Marshal's appointment as Commander-in-Chief
of the International forces In
CHINESE SITUATiON SERIOUS.
'General Miles Says the Movement of
Troops Is Difllcult.
NEW YORK, Aug. 8. General Miles
today admitted that it had been his per
sonal wish to be sent to the Philippines
to take a general view of the situation,
but said he did not presume to under
stand why his advice had been rejected
thus far. General Miles, discussing the
Chlnese situation, said he regarded It as
very serious. "China," he said, "is a
bad country for troops to move through.
Serious obstacles are to be encountered
In forwarding munitions of war and sup
plies. I see a force of 15,000 Chinese sol
diers are reported to be within a day's
march of Tien Tsin. It is possible they
may strike In behind the relief column
and threaten its line of communication.
It would be a serious matter were the
column cut off, as there is no supporting
force to rush to its aid."
General Miles said the United States
should be able to get 5000 troops Into
China within a month. Continuing, he
said: "I am not surprised at the fight
the Chinese are .making. It Is well-known
among those who follow events in the
Flowery Kingdom that that Government
has been storing and making preparations
for the past seven years. They are an
.Communication for Allies.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8. The War De
partment has been informed that the
Great Northern Cable Company has laid
a cable from Che Foo to Taku. It is
also stated that a cable will -be Faid by
the Eastern Extension "Company from v
Cho EoOrtaJSfyanshai,, which will giv4
io the armies in China.
Rnssinn Losses Sunday.
CHE FOO, Aug. 7. During the engage
ment on Sunday, which preceded the oc
cupation of Peit Sang by the allies, tho
Russians lost 500 killed and the British
50. The Germans and Japanese also lost
The road to Pekln Is supposed to be
Ordered to Join Chaffee.
CHICA'GO, Aug. 8.-The third battalion
of the Fifth Infantry, stationed at Fort
Sheridan, has been ordered to China to
join General Chaffee's command. Twelve
officers, including Colonel Richard Combs,
will go with the battalion.
Haldcrman Brothers Reprieved.
PHOENIX, Ariz., Aug. 8 President Mc
Kinley has granted a reprieve to the
Halderman brothers. The following mes
sage was received here this evening:
"Canton, O., Aug. & Nathan. O. Mur
phy, Governor Territory of Arizona: 1
have reprieved until Friday, October 5,
the brothers Halderman, sentenced to be
hanged at Tombstone, August 10. Please
Issue instructions to the proper officials,
acknowledge, and repeat, and notify Attorney-General
of each change, p'rbper
documents will be mailed to you today.
McKlnley'n Bnsy Day.
CANTON, O., Aug. 8. President Mc
Kinley and Secretary Cortelyou were
early at work today In the library on
official matters from Washington, and
presumably pn the President's letter of,
acceptance, although no authoritative
announcement is yet made in regard to
this document or as to when it will be
given to the public The callers were on
hand as usual, but some of them had a
SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT NEWS
The allied troops were to have left Pelt Eons
Monday- for Tang Tsun. Pago 1.
Government hks renewed its demands upon
China. Page 5.
Count von "Waldersee, of Germany, may
command the allies. Page 1.
Lieutenant-Colonel Hoare's garrison at Eland's
River has surrendered to the Boers. Page 1.
Thero will be no yellow peril, so far as Japan'
is concerned. Page 6
Br an and Stevenson notified at Indianapolis.
Wisconsin Republicans nominate Robert it. La
Follette for Governor. Page 1. "
One man 'was killed and tour seriously Injured
in collision near Spokane. Page 8.
A lively haj -baling industry Is springing up at
Forest Grove, Or. Page 8,
Saturday's gold strike In Bohemia llstrict
proves to be extraordinarily rich. Paga 8
Clark and Pierce Counties. Washington, send
Frink' delegates to the state convention.
River Imsrovement will precede, and a naval
station accompany, tho location of a Govern
ment -dr dock on the Columbia Itlvir.
The heaviest rain of abort duration ever
known jn Portland fell yesterday afternoon.
General Summers offered io raise a regiment
for ChUiese service, but the law stands in
tin v,ay of acceptance of volunteers. Page
The fraudulent deed conveying Captain Levis
Love's property was declared void Page ?.
America' big loan to England causing much
discussion. Pago 11.
Cold exports will be heavy this week. Pxje 11.
Steamsh'p' Argyll chartered by the Government
to lod at Portland. Page 12.
CAMPAIGN IS OPENED
Bryan and Stevenson Formal
ly Notified Yesterday.
BOTH CANDIDATES WELL RECEIVED
Rhetorical Flights About the Philip-
pine Situation Applauded With
INDIANAPOLIS. Ind., Aug. 8. William
J. Bryan and Adlai E. Stevenson were to
day officially and formally notified of
their nomination by the Democrats at the
Kansas City convention for President
and Vice-President of the United States.
The ceremony was an occasion of popu
lar demonstration and with it the Demo
crats jnay be said to have begun their
National campaign. The notification took
place in Military Park, a beautifully
shaded tract of ground Jn the center of
the city. The park contains probably SO
acres of ground, and it was well covered
with people. In the vicinity of the speak
er's stand the crowd was very dense. It
would be a delicate undertaking to esti
mate the number of people contained in
this vast throng, but there were cer
tainly many thousands. Probably a ma
jority of them were residents of Indian
apolis, but many were from other por
tion of Indiana, while many also came
from distant states. .There was also quite
a general gathering of the members of
the- National Democratic Committee,
while, of course, the members of the two
committees appointed to make the official
notifications were also present.
The ceremony was preceded by a parade
through the principal streets, which was
participated in by visiting and local Dem
ocratic clubs. These acted as an escort
to the notification party and the caval
cade was an imposing one. The meeting
began a few minutes after 3 o'clock and
concluded at 5:40. In this period of time,
five speeches were made. Mayor Taggart,
of Indianapolis, adding a welcoming
speech to the two notification speeches by
Representative Richardson and Govern
or Thomas, and the responses made by
Mr. Bryan and Mr. Stevenson.
The weather was hot, but toward the
close of the ceremonies a slight breeze
alleviated, to some extent, the suffering
occasioned by the high temperature. At
one time it appeared as if actual suffo
cation might be the result of the terri
ble crowding in front of the stand where
the ceremonies occurred, but beyond a
few" fainting attacks and much personal
discomfort, no evil resulted. Tho plat
form on which the speeches were made
was "elevated about six" feet above the
lawn and on It sat the candidates and
their families and the members of the
National committee and the twp notifica
tion comtnittees, as well as a few invited
guests. Mr. Bryan sat near the corner
of -the stage, just to the left of Chairman
Jones, who presided; Mrs. Bryan and
their son, William,- Jr., occupying ad
joining chair&r Mr. and Mrs. Stevenson
also sat In" the same group, as did Mrs.
Jones., Mrs. Richardson 'and Governor
The meeting was called to order In a
brief, speech of welcome by Mayor Tag
gart, of Indianapolis, wfio was cordially
greeted bty the vast audience. The Mayor
Introduced Senator Jones, of Arkansas,
as permanent chairman, the National
chairman being greeted by loud cheers.
Senator Jones made no speech, but con
fined his remarks to the simple Introduc
tion of the speakers to the audience.
Mr. Richardson, to whose lot as per
manent chairman of the National con
vention fell the duty of notifying Mr.
Bryair of his nomination, made the first
of the notification addresses. He arose
to look upon a sea of up-turned faces.
The sun was throwing its rays directly
upon many of them. Injthe (crowd, which
was so dense that a fiand which was
down could not be raised, and one which
was raised could not be lowered, were
old men, frail women and small children.
Soon the mass began to sway back,
through the efforts of those near to get
nearer the speakers. There were a few
screams and it became necessary to get
some of the feeble people out of the
crowd. There were loud cries of "cut It
short," "Give Bryan a chance," "We
can't stand It here," and other signs of
Impatience. For a time Mr. Richardson
did not appear perturbed by this clamor,
but when there appeared to be real dan
ger of serious results, he brought his
remarks to a somewhat precipitate close,
speaking for only about 10 minutes. Not
withstanding the general confusion. Mr.
Richardson was applauded, especially so
when he referred to the Sulu slavery and
Oriental harems Included in the Phil
There was an immediate change of de
portment on the part of the crowd when
Mr. Bryan arose. He was Introduduced
at 3:30 by the chairman, Senator Jones,
and, as if ordered for the occasion, a
light breeze sprang up, which evidently
had the effect of bringing some relief to
the overheated and much-crowded mass
of people. At any rate, after one burst
of rapturous applause, the crowd quieted
down and remained well-behaved
throughout tho delivery of the speech.
There were occasional cries of "Louder,"
when Mr. Bryan first began to speak, but
these were offset by hurrahs for the
speaker. After a few outbursts of this
kind the auditors made no further signs
except to applaud the strong parts of the
speech as they were made.
Mr. Bryan read his speech, departing
not.from his manuscript, except in a word
of explanation at the beginning of his ad
dress. He was sitting immediately to the
left of Senator Jones, when he was pre
sented by that gentleman. He arose
promptly and was Immediately cheered by
the entire assemblage. The Democratic
leader never appeared to better advan
tage. His face was slightly flushed, but
his eye was clear and, calm, and his voice
was never more completely at hla com
mand. His manner was calm and cool,
and evidently he felt his full control of
the situation, as he took the one step
nocessary to bring him to the front of
the platform. He was dressed In a black
sack" coat which was loosely buttoned
about the waist. A white shirt front was
capped by a white necktie. These gave
the appearance of coolness in tempera
ture and comported well with the speak
er's personal bearing.
There was. no suggestion of impediment
of speech. Bryan's clear voice was far
reaching, and that he was heard at a
great distance was made evident by the
fact that the people far out In the crowd
listened apparently as intently as did
those who sat on the platform. Apparent
ly no strong point was lost to any one
present. Among the sentiments of the
speech which wore applauded with espe
cial zest were those declaring that under
existing circumstances "we dare not edu
cate the Filipinos, lest they learn to read
the Declaration of Independence and the
Constitution of the United States." that
he would never agree to exchange the
glory of this country for, that of all the
empires; that "It Is not necessary to own
a people in order to trade with them,"
and that "the command, 'go ye Into all
the world and preach the gospel has no
gatling-gun attachment." There was also
general cheering over the promise of
Bryan that. If elected, he would Imme
diately convene Congress to remedy the
Philippine situation, but no part of the ad
dress received the earnest commendation
that was bestowed uon the peroration.
This called out an outburst that was
tumultuous and prolonged. Mr, Bryan
spoke a few words extemporaneously In
introducing his speech, all of which, ex
cept the peroration, was read from manu
script. The closing sentences were re
peated irom memory in a most effective
manner. Tho extemporaneous introduc
tion was as follows:
"I feel that I owe an apology or ex
planation to the people who are to lis
ten, for the fact that I must read what
I am going to say. It would be more
pleasant to me and more agreeable to you
to speak without notes, but I want to ad
dress that larger constituency which we
reach through the newspapers, for It is
a thousand times as numerous as any
crowd which could assemble here: and,
therefore, in order that I may speak to
all throughout the land, I have com
mitted to "writing what I desire to say,
and will ask your indulgence while I read
ilr. Bryan concluded at 4:40, and was
promptly followed by Governor Charles S.
Thomas, of Colorado, who notified Mr.
S(evenson. Mr. Thomas spoke for only 10
Minutes, but he made a very effective
speech. He. received very general atten
tion, and was given frequent and gener
ous; applause. Governor Thomas did not
MrT-Steyanson was apparently slightly
nervous as the- time approached for him
to take -the stand, but he soon gained
confidhdiv1 as he' proceeded. Mr. Bryan
led the llberat applause which greeted the
appearance of his feltow-candldate as he
advanced.' to the front, and many points
of tho speech were liberally punctuated
by a repetition of applause as he pro
ceeded. He read from manuscript. Mr.
Stevenson closed at 5:10, and Senator
Jone3 Immediately- -declared the meeting
adjourned sine die. Mr. Stevenson was
liberally applauded when he closed.
Fall State Tlcltet Nominated by Ac
clamation. MILWAUKEE, Aug. 8. The following
state ticket was nominated by acclama
tion by the Republican State Convention
Governor. Robert M. La Follette, Madi
son; Lieutenant-Governor, Jesse Stone.
Watertown; Secretary of State, William
H. Froehlich, Dixon; State Treasurer.
James O. Davidson, Soldiers Grove; Attorney-General,
Emmett R. Hicks, Osh
kosh; State Superintendent, Lorenzo D.
Harvey, Milwaukee; Railroad Commlsion
er, Graham L. Rice, West Superior; In
surance Commissioner, Emll GUJohann,
General George E. Bryant, of Madison,
was elected chairman of the state central
Mr. La Follette's name was the only
one presented to the convention to head
the ticket. The remainder of the ticket
is made up of the present Incumbents.
HANNA "WILL NOT SPEAK.
Perry Heath Unable to Peranadc
Him to Go on the Stamp.
NEW TORK, Aug. 8. Senator Hanna.
chairman of the National Republican
Committee, left this city for Boston this
afternoon to look over the work, of the
subcommittee and examine the political
situation in general. Mr. Hanna an
nounced today that the advisory com
mittee to the National committee is now
practically completed and that he would
make known the names of the members
early nexi week. Among the callers at
the National headquarters today was Col
Hs P. Huntington.
Perry S. Heath, secretary of 'the Na
tional cbommittee, left for Chicago this
afternoon. He expressed regret that he
had been unable to persuade Chairman
Hanna to take tho stump.
Bryan on Towne"s "Withdrawal.
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind.. Aug. 8. When
asked for an expression of opinion today
upon the withdrawal of Mr. Towne from
the Populist National ticket, Mr. Bryan
"Mr. Towne's letter Is manly and pa
triotic, but it is nothing less than was
expected by those who know him best."
Other Democratic leaders expressed
themselves In a similar strain. It was
the general opinion that the withdrawal
would not alienate many Populists, and
that It would increase the chances of
Democratic success at the polls.
BOERS TAKE A GARRISON.
Honre's Force at Eland's River
LONDON, Aug. 8, 11:30 P. M. Lord
Roberts fears that the Eland's River
garrison has been captured, after 10' days'
resistance. The War Office has received
from him the following dispatch:
"Pretoria, Aug. 7. Delarey, hearing of
Ian Hamilton's approach towayds Rus
tenberg and seeing that he had no
chance of capturing Baden-Powell, hur
ried off to Eland's River. Hamilton re
ported that firing In the Eland's River
direction ceased yesterday and that Lieutenant-Colonel
Hoare's garrison had evi
dently been captured. Hamilton left Rus
tenberg this morning, bringing Baden
Powell's men with him.
"Dewet commenced crossing the Vaal
River yesterday. Kitchener is now mov
ing in pursuit. Methuen on the right
bank of the "Vaal, has evidently come into
contact with Dewct's advance guard, as
his guns were heard by Kitchener this
General Warren Sent Home.
LONDON. Aug. S. The following dis
patch , from Lord Roberts has been re
ceived at the War Office:
"As Warren has pacified the western
districts of Cape Colony. I am allowing
him to return home, and am replacing
the whole of the troops In the colony
Prince ot Wales at Cowes.
COWES. Isle of Wight, Aug. 8. The
gloom overhanging Cowes week was em
phasized this afternoon, when the Prince
of Wales, with the Duke and Duchess
of York, and others, arrived here from
London and steamed through the long
lines of yachts on board the Victoria and
Albert, on which a signal was flying re
questing that no salutes be fired. The
royal yacht came silently to anchor, and
the fashionable crowd present waited in
vain for the Prince's appearance at the
yacht club. His Royal Highness boarded
a launch late in the afternoon and went
WASHINGTON. Aug. 8. Today's state
ments of the Treasury balances In the
general fund, exclusive of the H30,00O.OCO
reserve In the division of redemption,
Available cash balance W46.547.S20
Rnsin's Foreign Minister.
ST. PETERSBURG. Aug. 8. Count
Lamsdorff, who was . recently placed at
the head of the Ministry of Foreign Af
fairs, has been appointed permanent For
As a Preliminary, the Chan
1 nels Will Be Deepened,
COLUMBIA RIVER A SAFE HARBOR
Important From a Strategic Stand
point, as It Is Wholly Wlthla
the United States.
WUVSHINGTON. Aug. S. Although th
report of tho special board appointed to
locate a site for a drydock on the Colum
bia is adverse In its immediate effect
on the whole It Is very favorable, and
practically insures tho construction of a
dock when the river channel has been
deepened according to approved projects.
The report Is as follows:
"The mouth of the Columbia Is one ot
the four points on the Pacific Coast
which afford a safe harbor for moderate
draft shipping. It is the natural outlet
of an immense productive country, and as
a shipping-point is Important, because of
its excellent through railroad communica
tions. Its position. 550 miles from Saa
Francisco, and its being the only avail'
able point between San Francisco and
Puget Sound, makes It highly important
from a strategic standpoint to have tho
Columbia available as a harbor of refuge
and for the repair of naval vessels, moro
especially as the entrance to the Puget
Sound naval station lies between shores
one of which belongs to another nation.
The mouth of the Columbia, with tho
modern defenses established and appro
priated for. is amply defended against
possible hostile forces. The Columbia,
from a point 13 miles above its mouth, la
always fresh. Numerous mountain
streams afford an abundant supply ot
portable water anywhere in the river.
Ample railroad communication Is found
In a railroad on the south bank of tho
Columbia clear to Its mouth near Astoria,
By this railroad supplies can be received
from all the great railroads leading into
Portland. Portland Is the largest city
In the extreme Northwest, is convenient
to all points on the Columbia, and Is an
excellent labor-supply center. The cli
mate of the Columbia River is mild, with
but little snow, and work at a shipyard
could proceed without interruption
throughout the year. In considering the
advisability of establishing a drydock on
the Columbia, the depth of water at tho
mouth of that river must be the leading
The work on the jetty and the depth of
the channel from 1SS5 to the present timo
Is reviewed, and the report continues:
"A plan has been prepared aid approved
by the War Department for a continua
tion of the jetty to obtain and maintain
a 40-foot channel, and another project will
secure a 25-foot channel tbrPortfand."
The department announces that It wants
to construct a dock large enough to ac
commodate the largest vessels of tha
Navy. It Is assumed from this report that
tho establishment of a completely
equipped naval station will necessarily
accompany the construction of the dock.
Fire In a Montana Mine Cannes 9100,
BUTTE. Mont., Aug. 8. The shafthouso
of the Parrot mine was ddstrqycd by fire
this afternoon, entailing a loss of $100,000,
upon which there is about $30,000 Insur
ance. The fire started in the carpenter
shop of the mine, and the flames were
soon communciated to the shafthouse ad
joining. Before warning could be gotten
to the miners working below the fire had
complete possession of tho shaft. Tho
mine is 16C0 feet deep, and employs about
200 men on a shift. These miners wera
rescued through the level-? of an adjoin
ing mine No lives were lost, though
several of, the men engaged in flghtfnar
the flames were severely burned. Tha
fine holster, engines and boilers were
destroyed and a large portion of the shaft
timbering was burned out. and the shaft
itself. It is feared, badly damaged. These
damages, however, cannot be definitely
determined for a day or two. The prop
erty is owned by tho Parrot Copper &
Silver Mining Company, which is ono
of the corporations controlled by tho
Amalgamated Copper Company.
Forest Fires Extinguished.
HELENA, Mont., Aug. 8. Heavy rains
fe4i In the Yellowstone National Park
and completely extinguished the Area
which had burned some time. The fires
did not In any way interfere- with tourist
travel nor destroy any of tho sights of
SICKNESS IN PHILIPPINES.
General MncArthnr Reports It t
Nearly 8& Per Cent.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8.-Becretary
Root said today that the latest reports
from General MacArthur show the sick
ness in the Philippines as 8 per cent,
which he considered a remarkably good
showing. Owing to the lack of surgeons,
due to separation of commands, there are
some small detachments without a sur
geon, but this defect is being remedied
with all due diligence.
Following Is General MacArthur's 6ffl
clal report of the sickness in his army on
July 31: Sick in hospitals, 3755; sick In
quarters, 10S1; percentage, 8.4.
Ordered to Manila.
ST. PAUL, Aug. 8. The depot battal
ion of the Eighth Infantry stationed for
several months at Fort Snelling has been
ordered to leave for Manila with "all pos
sible speeed." ind the officers expect to
be away within 43 hours. The orders to
move were received at the fort this af
ternoon, and, while the orders specify Ma
nila, it is generally understood Tien Tsin
will be their destination.
TRANSPORTATION OF TROOPS
Rate of $7 For Soldier From Chicago
CHICAGO, Aug; 8. The Tribune says:
"When bids were opened at Army
headquarters here for the transportation
of troops from Fort Sheridan to San
Francisco, the Chicago & Northwestern
was found to bo the lowest bidder at $7
per capita from Fort Sheridan to Ogden.
From Ogden to the Coast the troops are
carried by the Southern Pacific. This
Is the lowest bid ever made for the trans
portation of troops."