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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 7, 1900)
tet; roB3sTNTa oeegonian, Monday, .Iiay 7, 1900.
THE WHIG PARTY IN
(Copyright, 1900. by
THE OREGONIAN'S HOMESTUDY CIRCLE
VI THE WHIG PARTY
Influence of Van Daren's Adminis
tration Upon the Whls Party.
BY JESSE MACY, LL. D.
Jackson's commanding" influence forced
his party to accept the man of his choice
as his successor. Van Buren -was, there
fore, the Iemocratlc candidate in the
campaign of 1S36 against the numerous
nominees put forth In irregular ways by
the various factions -which made up the
"Whig party. The Whigs, Indeed, could
hardly yet be ald to be a party, so dl- J
verse and incongruous "were the elements 1
composing it. The real nucleus of that
which became the "Whig party was to be
found in the National Republicans of
John Qulncy Adams' administration, who 1
were. In a sense, successors to the Fed- '
erallsts. But by the end of Jackson's j
term of office all the many political ,
groups opposed to his policy and methods j
gathered, for one reason or antftber, to 1
make up the party of the opposition, '
which called itself from 1831 the Whig '
party. There was yet no homogeneity of
political principles, no united party feel
ing, no discipline, no adequate prepara
tion for a contest with the compact, well
drilled, thoroughly organized forces of
the Democrats, who did not scruple to
use all the Administrative patronage to
advance the party interests.
The Whigs held no National convention
in 1836. but General William H. Harrison
was the candidate favored by the anlt
llasons and by several .state conventions.
Ho had been a Jeffersonlan Republican,
but was opposed to Jackson and Freemasonry-
Webster was nominated by the
Whigs of the Massachusetts Legislature.
Judge White, of Tennessee, representing
the Southern or state rights wing of the
Whig party, received the nomination of
the Legislature of that state and carried
twenty-six electoral voi.es from Tennes
see and Georgia. Mangum and Tyler, as
Nulllflers, received those, of South Caro
lina. Clay, the real and beloved leader
of his party, received no electoral votes.
Under such circumstances, a Democrat
ic triumph was Inevitable, but no sooner
was Van Buren's election assured than
the opposing forces were drawn together
in a powerful resistance to the policy
which he was believed to represent. His
administration was almost wholly given
up to efforts to adjust the finances of the
country, whose unsettled condition was
largely, though probably not wholly, ow
ing to the fiscal policy pursued by Jack
son. The President and his administra
tion were unpopular. Responsibility for
the widespread suffering due to the crisis
of 1837 and the less extreme, but more
lasting one of 1S39, -was saddled upon
Van Buren. So was the gross corrup
tion found to exist throughout the civil
service. That these we-e legacies from
his predecessor could not avail him. Even'
day the mustering factions of the oppo
sition grew stronger. One faction of the
Whigs clamored for a new United States
Jank "which should relieve the financial
distress. But the President was firm. He
ha,d come into office without a policy of
his own, but pledged to that of Jackson.
The destruction of the National bank and
then the failure, in 1S37, of the state
banks, including the "pets." with their
J9.000.000 of Federal funds, left the Gov
ernment without Income for running ex
penses. Congress was Tepeatedly forced
to Issue Treasury notes to tide over the
emergency. In an extra session of Con
gress President Van Buren brought for
ward a plan designed to separate the fis
cal affairs of the Government from nil
banking corporations whatsoever. It is
called the independent treasury or the
BUb-treasury scheme, and provided for
r the holding of the public -funds 1n vaults
constructed by the Government in several
of the more Important cities. A similar
Jlan had been proposed a few years be
fore by a Virginia member of the House,
but had not been received with favdr.
Nor was It now accepted with unanimity, j
hy the party. Democrats in both Houses
.opposed It. Bills were again and again
A'oted down, and not until 1S40 was a sub
treasury bill finally passed which was ex
pected to complete the "divorce of bank
and state." Little as either party recog
nized it, the great "bank question" was
.now. at last, removed from the list of
distinctive party questions.
But hl firmness had only made more
enemies for the President. His great ma
jority melted away. Calhoun, who had
taken his followers and allied himself
with the Whigs, when such action seemed
'most likely to advance the Interests of his
cherished state rights, came back to the
Democrats, declaring the administration
too weak to be feared. Other Southern
ers, however, swelled the Whig ranks,
and among them were Alexander H. Ste
phens and Robert Toombs. The Whig
party grew strong In the South as well
as m the North, while the wing of the
Democratic party which followed Van
Buren shrunk to a faction called the Lo
cofocos. Ar-other set of political problems helped
to consolidate the Whig party during this
period. Van Buren's colorless inaugural
nddress announced his comfortable faith
that the agitation against slavery would
never be able seriously to disturb the tran
quillity of the country: and, as almost the
solo point upon whlph he did put forth
a policy of his ovfn.-thg ipper declared
the chief magistrate to DJTforever against
the abolition of slavery In the District of
Columbia. That memorable battle for
the right of petition. In which John
Qulncy Adams won his most unfading
laurels, was already begun, and the Presi
dent's position thus made known stirred
the Abolitionists to greater activity. They
flooded Congress with petitions for abol
ishing slavery in the district. The exas
perated slaveholders, led by Calhoun, suc
ceeded In passing bills which forbade the
presentation of these petitions, and not
till 14 wore the so-called "gag laws" at
Our unsettled relations with Texas also,
a legacy from the previous administra
tion, were like the wizard's Incantation
for raising the inevitable ghost which was
never again to "down" until It should dp
buried from sight beneath festering heaps
of brothers slain. Texas had declared In
dependence of Mexico, and had been hur
riedly "recognized" by Jackon on the
last day of his Incumbency. In 1S37 she
nsked for annexation to the United
States. The slaveholders had long coveted
tho vast territory for slave soil, and now
urged their claims upon Congress, while
counter petitions poured in from the
North Even our Northern President,
with Southern principles, feared to em
broil h's administration further with the
rising t'de of antl-lavery sentiment or to
incur the odium of a war with Mexico,
which he foresaw, and the Issuo was
The Election of 1S40.
"The political campaign of 1S4Q." says
Henry A. Wise, "was In all respects the
most memorable ever known to party an
nals In this country." It was a cam
paign of a new order. Both parties had
now consolidated and perfected their ma
chinery for registering the party will.
Both possessed trained and skillful lead
ers. With some vicissitudes the Whigs
had been gathering force throughout Van
Buren's term. As it drew to a close his
administration stood condemned by its
corruption and by the popular feeling that
the hard times from which the country
had suffered so bitterly rendered a
"change' necessary. Against him were
now united Democrats and survivors of
the old Federalism, slaveholders and Ab
olitionists. Southern states-rights mca
and broad Constructionists, Nulllflers and
Nationalists. Protectionists and Antl-Pro-tectlonlsts.
bank men and anti-bank men,
internal Improvement men and antl-ln-ternal
Improvement men. Their motto
was. "The union of Whigs for the sako
of the Union."
For the first time the Whigs held a
DIRECTED BY PROF. SEYMOUR EATON
National convention. It met at Harris
burg in December, 1539. To his bitter dis
appointment Clay failed to receive the
nomination, which he had fully expected.
A secret intrigue against him gave the
nomination tc General Harrison. The con
vention adopted a complicated and incon
venient rule for the balloting, which was
never used again. It required the states
to vote as a unit (see "the unit rule" in
a previous article), but gave opportunity
for secret balloting by the states and the
use of committees in such way as to fur
nish every facility for schemes and com
binations. No platform was adopted, no
principles set forth. Harrison appealed
to the voters as a man of personal in
tegrity and of a successful military ca
reer. John Tyler, of Virginia, was given
second place on the ticket He was a life
long pro-slavery Democrat of the Calhoun
school, but was a pronounced opponent
of Jackson and Van Buren. He was nom
inated In the belief that he could, as
Vice-President, do the Whig party little
harm, while the "bargain" which placed
his name upon the ticket included the
election of a Senator from Virginia whom
the Whigs expected to control.
The Democratic Convention.
Van Buren Is said to have demanded a
renomlnatlon by way of vindication of his
official actions, and his fragment of a
party meekly did his bidding. The Demo
cratic convention met in Baltimore. Un
like the Whigs, the Democrats had no
lack of party principles to uphold. The
platform drawn up at Baltimore in 1S40
Is the first political platform, properly
so called. In our history, and has fur
nished the model and in large past, the
substance of the later Democratic plat
forms for many years. The party was
by that time fully committed to strict
construction of the Constitution on all
practical questions as they arose, and the
platform of 1840 set forth the articles of
Democratic faith In a series of uncom
promising resolutions. They declared the
Federal Government to possess limited
powers derived solely from tho Constitu
tion, whose grants of powers were to ba
always strictly construed; that the Con
stitution does not confer power to carry
on a general system of internal improve
ments; that Justice and sound policy for
bid the general Government to foster one
branch of Industry to the detriment of
another, or to cherish the Interests of
one portion to the injury of another por
tion of the country; declared against a
National bank and for the separation of
the Government finances from banking
institutions; advanced economy of admin
istration and a tariff for revenue only.
Conduct of the Campaign.
For such a campaign as that which fol
lowed genuine "Issues" were unnecessary.
One historian has said: "There has prob
bably never been a Presidential campaign
of more enthusiasm, and less thought."
Although the Whigs went into battle with
the" cry, "Down with the Tarqulns away
with the spoilers," and their campaign
speakers demanded that removals from
office should no longer be made without
statement of reasons, yet these facts
seemed to represent a mere spasm of vir
tuous feeling which tho party was unable
to live up to. for It. too, was soon found
to be poisoned by the virus of "spoils."
From the first, in view of the great'pop-
ular uprising such as had never been be
fore. Van -Buren's defeat was a foregone
conclusion. He represented the aristo
cratic element and was supposed to revel
in luxuries such as "stuffed chairs" and
"gold spoons" while Harrison as a "plain
farmer" was among and of the common
people and content, as campaign orators
affirmed, with a log cabin and a barrel
of elder. But there was really no discus
sion in spite of the flood of oratory which
deluged the land. By a sort of unreason
ing reaction from the depression and
gloom of the three preceding years, the
whole campaign was one long riot of rol
licking gayety and merry-making. There
were huge mass meetings which whole
families journeyed many miles to attend.
There was no lack of eloquent and pop
ular speakers; there was music every
wherebands Innumerable and a perfect
flood of catchy doggerel verse for cam
paign songs. Sober, dignified and self-
Direct Wires to
New York Stock Exchange
Chicago Board of Trade
214-215 Chamber of Commerce
William Henry Harrison:
respecting citizens not addicted to strong
drink went up and down the land roar
ing for "Tippecanoe and Tyler, too," and.
promising with endless reiteration to
"keep the ball a-rolllng" and to "beat
little Van, Van, Van." Never were such
processions, made up of carriages, riders
and footmen, the gayest of banners, min
iature steamships, canoes, log cabins; ci
der barrels, raccoons and Innumerable de
vices for attracting the populace. All was
Jubilant, confident excitement, for no one
doubted the outcome. But the vote which
elected Tippecanoe and Tyler, too, was
even more overwhelming than was an
ticipated by the most sanguine. All but
seven of the 25 states wera carried, and
the Whigs had won their first great vic
List of Unclaimed Letters Remaining
In the Poiitoulce at Portland, Or.
rree delivery of letters by carriers at the
residence of earners may be secured by observ
ing tho following rules:
Direct plainly to the street and number of
Head letters with the writer's full address,
Including street and number, and request an
swer to be directed accordingly.
Letters to strangers or transient visitors ia
the city, whose special address may be un
known, bhould be marked In the- left-hand cor
ner, "Transient." ThU will prevent their be
ing delivered to persons of the same or simi
Persons calling for these letters will pleate
state Bate on whioh they were advertised, Maj
7. They will be charged for at the rate of 1
Adams. Miss Flora MansOeld. Miss Ger
Ankeny. Miss Charity trudo
Baoon. Mrs Clara A Manstleld. Mrs Margar-
5aer' .ilrs Mar E Jto
BaJIentlne, Mrs Robert Monxles, Mrs J P
Bank, Mrs M Monro. Mr. T-nhlm
Bartlett, Miss Jose- Morgan, Mrs Laura
Boret, Mrs Helen E
Bra. Miss Ele
Brackett. Mrs v W
Brown. Mrs Susan A
ItlirkHnlrlA,. f... i
Owen, Mrs Mary
Pajne. Mrs Mamie W
Palmer. Mm FVmilr
Phlllippi". Mrs Ferdl-
Cbambrook. Miss Ceclln nand
Clarke. Gertrude Pierce, ilrs M L
Sfi6' w Fle PrlsBle. illss Louise
Craig. Mrs J K Putnam. Mrs A R
Cromwoll. Mrs Edith Riate. ItosT
tw c13 ?u.lse ttamesbotham. Mrs
Davis. Mrs Elsie Edith
rlU'Mr? Rankin. Miss Alice
Duncan, Mrs Louvlnla. Rhlnehart. Miss Julia-2
tvL, -r, , Higgle. Mrs M A
towards. Miss Grace Rodlun. Miss Joe
cater. Miss Bertha M Robinson. Mrs E C
Foster. MUs May Rogers. Mrs Edward
J.0' y,rElal Ross. Mrs Mabel L
R?i?' Mi? H Schwabauer. Miss May
Golden. Dora Sideman. Mrs J
uottsteta. Mrs Rosa Smith. Mrs A W
Gm Mr xr r
Smith, Mrs Suslo
Smith. Mr niov.
Hare. .fr Ti?a1ii.
Harpole. Mrs Anna
Sohn, Miss Louise
Hagemann. Miss TUlIe Sommer. Miss Clara
Hitchcock. .Miss F Sonnerfleld. Miss
Hills, Mrs Melissa Fanny
Hoffman, MUs Dalsy-2 Stafford. Mrs Alice
Hughes Mrs C B Stansul, Miss Mettle
Kay. Mrs Isaac Stephenson, Mrs Han-
Xelsey. Mrs Ester nah
jveuey. .aiss Winnie Steward. Mrs Maud-2
Klne". MIrs 'Vlni,
Srlp.Vlr n t.1 M.
King. Mrs F C
-King. Mrs Helen
Lamb. Mrs J
Lawson, Miss. Lizzie
Tandy. Miss M
Thomas, Mrs Cora IJ
Thompson, Miss Ora E
LoeettL v rVi.-Tii-'!i-iii -w
vansKiwe. miss Jennie
Leggett, Mrs James Wells. Miss Blanche
Llndfars, Mrs Anna Wilcox. Mrs W R
Ludwtck. Mrs Lydle. Wlttman. Mrs George
Malarkey, Mrs Laura Wood. Mrs Ida
Alexander. J R
Allen. J K
Anderson, Wm A
Astar Packing Co
Holmes. R O
Hornby. L F
Hunt. Will R-2
Humida, John J
Lenz. Geo A
Lcavltt. Chas K
Llbby. R G
McClure. J M
Mardcn. I B
Miller. J C
-Mlnten, C H
Morgan. W W
Meyers, F B
Nolan. Kerwia J
Osborn, I W
Pacific Evaporating Co
Portland Medical Col-
Posty. J H
Pree, E J
Reddick. J W
Rlcheards, J A
Rockafeller. S C
Robertson. J C
Roots, T A
Schunesen. J A
Scott. S B
Sen ell, James
Simmons, D U
Smith. Harry H
Uarker. Henri' O
Benjamin. J S
Blackburn. Mr and
Mrs B F
Blomqulst, G W
Boothe, W T
Broadle, Horace C
Buchanan. O 31
Burke, C W
Cameron, Dan R
Cheney, w C
Chipman, R J
Clavens, W M
Cline, William Wilson
Cochran. J A
Collies, B F
Collins, Charles E
Conns, James M
Cooper, Fred A
Davison. Luthur W
Darwell. J A
! Dodge. Hubert C
J Dubois, Phil
! tiasan. Mart
Klllett. G A
Fait, F J
Flippln. W L
Mint, j a.
Foley. E J. umbrella Smith! W R
smith, J cy
man Stlllman. Ebb
Foster, W W Sturm. Chas
Francesco, Michclom Staoey, E
Freeman. C L Starrett. Robt B
French, Mr and Mrs J StRir, M
M Sullivan. J
Gosh. Hearman Scully, E F
Gentner, J & Co Snider, Clyde
Gilbert. Master HerbertThomas. T E
Tidcomb. C F
Tomllnson. W R
Van Alstlne, Mr
Van Lanen. M
Watts. D M
Wetherell. J B
Wells, Almon V
Whltaker. Prof W H
Wise. C F
Wolf & Eisner
York. W L
Glover. J R
Goon, H N
Graves. Dr J L
Gray. Charles B
Hammond, Geo F
Harris. Geo H
Hart. H. M D
Han kins. H H
Hellyer. Edln L
Herren. S C
Hopkins, S L
Hobrecker, John, Jr
Dale. Miss Gladys Thompson. Mrs E
Gooding. H C (foto) Thank Beat
McKee, Mrs Chas
A B. CROASMAN, P. M.
St. Paul on Predestination.
PORTLAND, May 6. (To the Editor.)
Referring to the proposed revision of the
Westminster Confession, you this morning
say that "behind the General Assembly
stands SU Paul; behind the Westminster
Confession stands the Epistle to the Ro
mans' Are you sure that jour assertion
is true? The 30th verse of the Sth chap
ter of Romans, speaking of the steps
taken by the wisdom of God to bring men
to glory, asserts that "moreover whom he
did predestinate them he also called; and
whom he called them he also Justified and
whom he justified them he also glorified."
Dr. Adam Clarke, In his commentary on
that verbe, says: "The whole of the pre
ceding discourse will show that everything
here is conditional so far as it relates
to the ultimate salvation of any person
professing the gospel of Christ; for the
promises are msie to character and npt
to persons, as some have Injudiciously af
firmed. The apostle insists upon a char
acter all along from the beginning of the
chapter. Verse 1: There Is no condemnation
to them that are In Christ Jesus who walk
not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
Versa 13: If ye live after the flesh ye
shall die, etc The absolute necessity of
holiness to salvation is the very subject
of his discourse; this necessity he posi
tively affirms and establishes by the most
solid arguments. At the very entrance of
his argument here, he takes care to settle
the connection between our calling and
our love and obedience to God on purpose
to prevent that mistake Into which so
many have fallen through their great in
attention to the scope of his reasoning.
Verse 3S: 'All things work together for
good.' To whom? To them that love God;
to them that are called according to hl3
purpose.' To them that love God because
they are called according to bis purpose.
S. S. GEO.-W. ELDER, . S. S. NOME CITY
The 'above first-class steamers will sail-every 10 days
during the season for'Capc Nome) York and St Michael
and Yukon River points.
First Sailing, May 24. ,
FOR RATES AXD IXFORMATIOf APPLT TP
CALIFORNIA & OREGON COAST S. S. CO.
F. P. BAUMQARTNEX, 253 Washington 31.
XV. A. Mitchell A Co., General Aecnta. San Francisco.
Cape Nome Gold Fields
THE NEW PALATIAL STEEL STEAMSHIP
"Senaler" will sail from San Francisco, May 14. Seattle, May 19. Subsequent trips
will be from Seattle direct, namoiy: June 21, July 21 and August 20.
Tbt "Senator" has a capacity ct 2500 tons. Her econl cabin and eteerage accommodattosa
are auperior to the nrwt-ctas accommodations of most of the atearnera advertised for Nome.
The Pacific Coast Steamship Co, baa been runnier lta itcamera to Alaska winter and w
mer for 25 years, and fa toe pioneer Faclne Coaot line. Seattle rrelsht and passenger rates p
ply from Portland. For further information Inquire of GOODALL. PERKINS & CO.. General
Areata. 10 Market, Saa Francieco, or K. P03TON. Agent, 219 Waohlniton at., PqrU&nO,pr.
for those only who love GoiJ can reap any
bencflt by thta predestination vocation or
any other Instance of God's favor. . . .
No portion of the word of God has been
more unhappily misunderstood than sev
eral parts of the Epistle to the Romans;
because men have applied to Individuals
what belongs to nations: and referred to
eternity transactions which have talten"
place in time." St. Paul docs not ctand
behind the Westminster Confession. X.
NOT STRATEGY NOR POLICY
Brittle Tactics and Treatment of
3Icn !- OlucerM Only Criticised.
OAK POINT, Or., May 4. (To the Ed
itor.) If the report of the brutal punish
ment of a soldier of the Canadian con
tingent of the British Army Is true, it
ehows that tho British are aa far behind
tho United States in the matter of treat
ment of the common soldier as they are
In the use of modem and common-sense
tactics. No doubt this statement made by
T,he Gregonlan will tickle the palate of
thousands who are easily tickled. But
speakins of modern tactics and England
being so far behind, the United States,
will you kindly Inform us what kind of
tactics has been and is etlll employed
in the Philippines? More than- a year ago
the people were repeatedly assured that
the rebellion was crushed; then came mys
terious whispers borne on the wind, and
a little later loud complaints that all
was not going as It should In that quar
ter of Uncle Sam's domain and that
20,000 more men were needed to finish the
job properly. Tho men were eerrt, and
after a little the same reports were cir
culated, all over the country, and the de
lightful Information was given to the pub
lic that tho wardrobe of the wife of the
Filipino chieftain was captured, but we
fall to see that even that very Important
capturo and the successful execution of
the much-vaunted modern tactics that -it
no doubt took to accomplish 'It has count
ed for much In suppressing the rebellion.
Is the rebellion crushed or near crushed?
If eo, why the cry for more men etlll?
Please tell us how It Is that American
outposts are being chased and fired upon
only five miles from Manila where the
United States forces have been in com
mand for two years. Will you please tell
us how it is that the Americans are am
bushed and attacked in several other
placea on the Island of Luzon and forced
to stand on the defensive until the arrival
of reinforcements, and then the insurgents
get away to their strongholds quite as
easily as do tho Boers? Will you please
tell us why the cry for more men now,
when The Oregonlan of May 4 tells us
that the Insurgents never had more than
10,003 half-trained troops armed with
Mausers who could not shoot, and an
undisciplined horde of cowardly Malays
armed with spears and bows and arrows,
numbering 00,000 more? How Is It that
these modern tactics that Uncle Sam em
ploys and which you fondly Imagine ho
holds a monopoly of have not bagged the
whole ill-conditioned, ragged outfit of half
breed Chinamen long before this? Is
the United States so. much better to her
common soldiers than England is to her
common soldiers? If so, why is It neces
sary for United States Senators at the
present moment to read before the United
States Senate letters of private soldiers,
complaining' of their ill-treatment? Have
you forgotten the rotten beef scandal?
Did you never hear of the elck soldiers on
board the transports Tarter and New
port and tho way they were treated last
Why not hoe your own garden and clear
it first of weeds and then you will have
leas time to help your neighbor do hUi
hoeing? If you would lower that long
range telescope occasionally that you ele
vate to sweep across two oceans to dis
cover the mote in the eye of your neigh
bor In South Africa, and let It rest upon
the Philippines, by Its aid. if It Is a good
instrument, you might be able to dis
cover tho beam In your own eye, but,
of course, the preca censor is at work
in South Africa and one has to use a very
good telescope to discover anything there;
but there Is not the slightest need for
such an Instrument being raised to your
eye to take in the situation In the Is
land of Luzon. W. .NEWELI.
URN IMBEDDED IN STONE.
A Remarkable Find Made by Work
men at Tenlno Quarry.
A rather remarkabjo find from a scien
tific standpoint was made Friday at the
Tenlno stone quarry, and no doubt be
fore' the matter is settled it will cause
considerable discussion. In a huge block
of stone taken from the quarry work
men found Imbedded an urn of, fine ViQrk
manship that thousands of 'years ago
had evidently Tjeen a smelting poL
The stone taken from the quarry Is cut
out In big blocks. One of these blocks
had been cut, and was ready to be re
moved to a car standing near by. The
methed of removing the blocks is by
a derrick from which are suspended heavy
clamps. The clamps are placed on th:
side of the blocks, and the blocks
swung onto a car. Friday when
the block in question was being
raised from Its place one clamp broke
Into the stone, and the workmen were
bio Vitalliex.thoprescrlpUoaofafanionsFreaclt physician, will qnlckiy euro yon ofall
nervous or diseases of the jpeneraUre organs, such aa toss Hauhoe, ImamBis,
Pnlris la ibo Uack.Srraliml EaiUslona. Xerrons Debility, Pimples
I7nflt8caato2fnrry, :xhatistln72ralna,Tarlcoc!e and Constipation.
Itstopsall losses by cay or nl jht. Prevents qulctncs of dbcharre, which It notchecked
leads to bDermatarrhcea an.l all ih hnrrorr. nt Imnotprwr-. tlX JI nESErlfjnjM thn
llrer. the kldnemand IhftnripsrrnrM f lt lTnnHM T5TfTril-TV trnfthor
&sd restores smal I treat organs.
Thereason sufferers are not cured by Doctors Is because 90 per cent are troubled with Presta litis.
CUPIDL2B the only known remedy to care without an operation. SD00 testimonials. A written
cuarantea given and. mcury returned if o boxes docs not effect a permanent cure. L0O a bcxS for J403,
by matt. Bend for kick circular and testlmonlhts.
Address SATOI X LDICIAK Co.. r. O. Box 2C7S. Fsn Francisco. CaL
Fcr sale by Aldrlch Pharmacy, Sixth and "Washington streets, Portland. Or.
surprised to Eee imbedded therein a for
eign substance. Breaking away tho stone
an urn was taken out. At the time the
stone was broken Into by the clamp, the
urn was also broken, but not In such
small pieces but what It could be put to
The urn is of a dark substance, being
.composed of something similar to graph
ite. It Is 10 Inches deep and at its widest
portion four Inches In diameter inside.
Tho workmen threw it aside, but a gen
tleman passing by picked It up and car
ried It away. Later E. A. Gross, the
railroad agent at Tenlno, bought it and
now has it.
Those who have seen the urn advance,
tho theory that it is a smelting pot? that
was used by a race living in this country
thousands of years ago, and that It was
thrown into sand that became solid stone
in succeeding ages. Whatever Its his
tory it will give scientists an opportunity
to speculato upon it.
The Only Hope.
Detroit Free Press.
The outcome of the Clark case will work
no revolution in the methods so long per
mitted by popular sufferance. It cannot
even be subscribed to as a good Spring
tonic It will not change the character
I of our American Houseof Lords, or per
suade aspiring men of means that they
j may not. spend their substance in get:Ing
i what they want. The hope of making the
' Senate a clean aikl representative body
i lies in the election of Its members by pop
Forestry in the Scliooln.
Governor Lounsbury. of Connecticut, in
his Arbor day proclamation, Bays: "And I
;nfolnllv rwnmrapnii to all the teachers
j that In tho schools they teach the impor
! tance of forestry to the wealth, the com
1 fort and the beauty of the state, and that
( in the tender and receptive minds of all
, the children they Inculcate this truth, that
! no material ornament can compare with
, that culture and gentleness of soul which
delight in the graceful flight and the beau
tiful song of birds."
i -' : :
MEN NO CURE.
NO PAT THE
ANCEA positive way to perfect manhood.
Everything else falls. The VACUUM TREAT
MENT CURES you without medicine of all
nervous or disease of the generative organs.
ruch aa lost manhood, exhausting drains, vari
cocele. Impotency, etc Men are quickly r
stored to perfect health and strength.
Write for circulars. Correspondence confiden
tial. THE. HEALTH APPLIANCE CO.. room
t7- Safe Deposit building. Seattle. Wash.
Blc Qui non-colionoci
romedy for Gonorrhoea,
VTbltet, unnatural ilir
charges, or any loflamma-
i ceaitttaa. tion of mucous men?
KEtmCHEUlCllCo. branet. Noa-sstringent.
kCIMCtMlTl.0.1 I Sal by DrBSSuu,
or sent in plain wrapper.
by erf.it h, prepaid, lot
fl.no. or 3 bottles. 2.75.
e Circular ssnt on Mqaesb
All Burlington Route day
coaches and recllnlng-chalr cars
are equipped with parcel rack3
extending tho full length of the
car, and providing plenty of
room for one's valise, hat. over
coat, and umbrella.
Only those unfortunates who
have experienced the annoyance
of trying to keep their belong
ings In a 2x4 pocket, such as you
find in nine cars out of ten, can
fully realize the superiority of
. the Burlington arrangement.
Omaha, Chicago, St. Louis,
Kansas City ALL points East
.and South. Three routes East
via Billings, .Denver and St.
100 3rd St, cor. Stjrk,PUaal. 0;;jii.
R. W. FOSTER,
QEO. S. TATLOR.
City Passenger Agent.
! VANCOUVER TRANSPORTATION CO.
I Steamer Undine, Captain Charles T. Kaaun.
, leaves Vancouver at 8 30 A M. hnd 1 P. M.
- Leases Portland at 10.20 A M. and 4:30 P. M.
1 Sundays excepted. For freight or pasixe ap
ply on board, foot of Taylor street. Round trip.
itluj 4ju I
fvf-rf OunatMd y
Ualoa Depot, Slxtn and J Streets.
THREE TRAINS DAILY
FOR ALL POINTS EAST
Leaves for the Bast, via Huntington, at 0:13
Leaves for the Bast, via Huntington, at 6.3
"Spokane Flyer" equipment Is carried on this
train. Ia Umatilla. Passengers for Spokane,
Eastern "Washington and Great Northern points
taxe tws train.
THROUGH PULLMAN AND TOURIST
Water ltres schedule, subject to change -without
OCEAN AND RIVEU SCHEDULE.
OCEAN DIVISION - Steamships sail from
Alnswcrth dock at. S 00 P. M. Leave Portland
Columbia. Wednesday, May 2. Saturday, May
12; Tuesday. May 22. Friday. June I. Monday.
Juno 11. State of California. Monday. May 7.
Thursday, May 17; Sunday, May 27; Wednes
day, June (J.
From San Francisco State of California.
Thursday. May 3, Sunday. May 13: Wednesday,
May 23, Saturday, June 2: Tuesday, Juno 12.
Columbia. Tuesday. May 8; Friday, May IS;
Monday, May 2S. Thursday, June 7.
COLUMBIA RIVER DIVISION.
PORTLAND AND ASTORLV.
Steamer Haasalo leaves Portland dally, except
Sunday, at 8 00 P M.; on Saturday at 10:00 P.
M. Returning, leaves Astoria dally, except Sun
day, at 7:00 A. M.
"WILLAMETTE RIVER DIVISION.
PORTLAND AND COP.VALL1S. OR.
Steamer Ruth, for Salem. Albany", Corvallta
and my nolnts. leavM Portland Tuesdays.
Thursdays and Saturday at 6.00 A. M. Return
ing, leaves Conallls iionaays, weanauus jj
Frtd-J s at fi A M.
Steamer Modoc for Salem. Independence and
tray points, lea vets Portland Mondays. Wednes
days and Fridays at CM A. M. Returning.
Ieaes Independence Tuesdays. Thursdays and
Saturdays al t-JO A. M.
YAMHILL RIVER ROUTE.
PORTLAND AND DAYTON. OR.
Steamer Elmore, for Dayton and way points,
leaves Portland Tuesdays. Thursdays and Sat
urday at 7 A. M. Returning, leaves Dayton for
Portland and way points Mondays. Wednesday
and Fridays at C A. M.
SNAKE RIVER ROUTE.
RIPARIA. WASH., AND LEWISTON. IDAHO
Steamer Spokane or steamer Lewlston leav
Riparia dally at 5 A M., arriving at Lewlston
at 3 P. M. Returning, the Spokano or Lewis
ton leaves Lewlston dally at 0 A. M.. arriving
at Riparia same evening.
W. H. nURLBURT.
General Passenger Agent.
V. A. SCHILLING. City Ticket Agent.
Telephone Main, 712-
CHINA AND JAPAN. FROM PORTLAND,
la connection with THE OREGON RAILROAD
& NAVIGATION CO. Schedule. 1000 (subject to
Steamer. Duo to Leave Portland.
"BRAEMAR" May 2
"ARGYLL" May Z
"MONMOUTHSHmE" Juno 27
For rates, accommodations, etc. apply to
DODWELL & COMPANY. Limited.
General Agents. Portland. Or,
To principal points In Japan and China.
THE FASTEST AND MOST
The Direct Lincto Denver, Omaha,
Kansas City, Si Louii
Chicago and Other Eastern Point
SOLID VEST1BULED TRAINS.
Portland to Chicago Less Than Three
Only Four Days to New York and
Through Palace and Tourist Sleepers,
Buffet Library Oars (Barber Shop)
Dining Cars, (Meals a la
carte) Free Reclin
ing Chair Cars.
Through tickets, baggage checks, and
sleeping car accommodations can be ar
CITY TICKET OFFICE
135 Third Strast Portland, Orerjoa
J. B. LOTIIROP. QEORQE LANO,
Gea'l Asenc Oty Pass. & Tkc Ast.
FOR CAPE KME
The Magnificent Trarm-Paclflc Passenger
Registered tonnage, 2sll tons; capacity,
4000 tons; passenger accommodations, 100
first class, 900 second class. This steam
ship has just been released from the gov
ernment service as a troopship, and has
every modern comfort and convenience and
Is the largest steamship In tho Cape Nome
Will sail from Tacoma and Seattle on or
about the 25th of May.
For rates and full Information apply to
DODWELL & CO., LTD.
Telephone. Main. 96. 252 Oak Street
Astoria & Columbia
River Railroad Co.
ror Maysen. Rainier,
Clifton. Astoria, War
renton. Flarel, Ham
mond. Fort Stevens,
Qearhart Park. Seaside.
Astoria and Seaihora
8:00 A. 1L
6.53 P. M.
11:13 A. iL
Ticket office. 253 Morrison st. and Un'on depot.
J. C. KAYO. Gen. Pass. Act.. Astoria. Or.
WHITE COLLAR LINE
COLUMBIA RIVER & PUGET SOUND NAVI-
PORTLAND AND ASTORIA.
BAILEY GATZERT (Alder-etreet dock)
Leaves Portland dally every morning at 7
o'clock, except Sunday. Returning', leaves As
toria every night at 7 o'clock, except Sunda.
Oregon 'phone Main 301. Columbia 'phone 3jL
U. B. SCOTT. President.
CAPE NOME VIA DAWSON
Alaska Steamship Company
NEXT SAILING. DIRIGO. MAY 0.
The only company havinr through traffic ar
rangements to Atlin and the Klondike. "Weekly
Killings from Tacoma. For full Information ap
ply to J. L HARTMAN. Agent. Portland. Or..
I Chamber of Commerce.
Lave Depat FHlo aid I Stfttls j Arrive
for Salem. Rose
burg, Ashland. Sac
San Francisco. Mo
jave. Las Angeles.
El Paso, New Or
leans and the East
(daily except Sun
day), morning train
connects w lth train
for Mt. Angel. Sll
vert on. Browns
and Natron, and
evening train for
Mt. Angel aadSI
verton. Albany passenger
8:30 P. JL
3:30 A M.
6:30 P. K.
J7:30 A M.
J3-S0 P. M.
Daily. tDally except Sunday.
Rebate tickets on sale between Portland. Sac
ramento and San fraaclsco. Netxatea 317 first
class and $11 second class. Including sleeper.
Rates and tldfeta to "Eastern points and Eu
rope. Also JAPAN. CHINA HONOLULU and
AUSTRALIA. Can be obtained from J. B
KIRKLANP. Ticket Agent. 140 Third U
Passenger Depot, foot of Jefferson Street.
Leave for Oswego daily at 7:20, 9:40 A M.1
12.30. 1:55. 3.25, 4.40. 6.25, 8.30. 1130 P. M.;
and 9.00 A. M. on Sundays only. Arrive at
Portland dally at 0.33. 8.30. 10.50 AM.;
1.33, 3.10. 4.30. 6.13. 7:40. 10-00 P. M.. 12:40
A. M. dally, except Monday. 8:30 and 10.0S A,
M. on Sundays only.
Leave for Dallas dally, except Sunday, al
6 05 P. M. Arrhe at Portland at 0.30 A if.
Passenjrer train leaes Dallas for Alrlle Mon
da8. Wednesdays and Fridays at 2:42 P, U
Returns TueMajs. Thursdays and Saturdays,
R. KOEHLER. C. H. UARKHAH,
Manager.. Gen. Frt. & Pass. Agt.
THE SIGN OF THE BEST.
DOUBLE DAILY TRAIX SERVICE.
Tlie Pioneer Dining; and Observation
Union Dcpst, 6th and J Sts
North Coast Limited.
For Tacoma. Seattle,
North Yakima, opo-
Kar.e, Pullman, Mos
cow. J-cw lston, Kos3
land. B. C. Butte.
Helena. St- Paul. Min
neapolis. unicaKO. lios-
ton. New York and all
points East and South
Twin City Express.
For Tacoma, Seattle,
Spokano. Pullman, Mos
cow, Levi lston. Ross
land. B. C. Nelson,
Helena. Butte. St Taul.
Boston. Baltimore. New
York, Washington, and
all points East and
Take North Coast Limited Train No. 2 for
South Bend. Olympla and Gray's Harbor
See the North Coast Llmltcd.1 Elegant Up
liolslereU Tourist Sleeping Cars. Pullman
Standard Sleepers, Dining Car and Observa
tion Car. all electric lighted. Solid vesttbuled
Tickets sold to all points In tho United
States and Canada, and baggage checked to
destination of tickets.
For Information, tickets, sleeping-car reaei
vatlons, etc.. call on or write
A. D. CHARLTON
Asilstant General Passenger Agent
255 aiorriaon St., Cor. Third,
SOO PACIFIC LINc
OfTers the LOWEST RATES and; BEST SEHV
lce to and from all Eastern points and Europeu
Through tourist cars from coast to St. Paul
Toronto. Montreal anu Boston WITHOUT
Direct Route to
Kootenay Mining District
t British Columbia
Canadian Pacific rpjil null lteAB&rSlf Hsu M
lapar aril Aaitralla.
Ft rales! and information, apply ta
H. H. ABBOTT, Agent.
E. J. COYL2. 18 Third street, city.
A G, P. A. Vancouver. B. C.
TIcJtct Oincc: 122 Third St. 'Phono OSS
Ths Hrir, dally to anl
from Su Paul. Minne
apolis. Dulutfa. Chicago
and all points East.
8:00 A M,
Through Palace and Tourist Sleepers, Dlnlnj
and Buffet Smoklng-Llbrary Cars.
JAPAN AMERICAN LINE
STEAMSHIP TOSA MARU
For Japan, China and all Asiatic points win
About May 21st.
Yukon River Points
S. S. "OHIO," 3500 tons, after two years
6ervlce as U. S. transport, has been released,
and will sail from Seattle for Cape Nome abouj
May 24. Rates First class, ?100 and $123;
second clasj. $75. Fcr berths, etc.. apply ta
any railroad agent, or agent of the Interna
tlcnal Navigation Co.. or to
EMPIRE TRANSPORTATION CO.,
607 First avenue. Seattle, "Wash.
Pacific Coast Steamship Co.
THE COMPANY'S elegant
steamers. Cottage City, City
of Topeka. Queen and Al-Kl
leaio TACOMA 11 A. M-. SE
ATTLE 0 P. M.. May 5, 10,
13. 20. 25. 30; June 4. 0, 14,
18. 10. 24. 29; July 1. 4. 0.
For further Information obtain
The company reserves the right to changa
bteamers. sailing dates and hours of sailing,
without previous notice.
AGENTS N. POSTON, 240 Washington St.,
Portland. Or., F. W. CARLETON. N. P. R. R.
Dock. Tacoma: J F TROWBRIDGE, Puget
Sound SuDt.. Ocean Dock. Seattle.
1 GOODALL, PERKINS & CO.. Gen. Agts., S. IT.
11 'SUNSET -n
Un routes jnj